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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
December 31, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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December 31, 1943

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY Of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas 3091/s WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21, 1911, at the post office at Little Rock, Arkansas, under the Act of Congress o! March 8, 1879, SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 the year OFFICIAL DIOCESAN ORGAN Tlus Guardian is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock and I pray God that it may be an sarnest champion of the cause of risht, Justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religion we oil love so well. I exter*d to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its career may be long and prosperous J JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock. EDITOR VERY REV, MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph D. L BUSINESS MANAGER All comxaunicattons about The .Guardian must be handled through the Business Manager, and all matters intended for publication should reach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at neon. REVEREND TItOMAS J. PRENDERGAST Business and Editorial Office, 809 West 2nd, Telephone 6486 SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture Servire----Knights of Columbus of Arkansas Little Reck Council, No. 812 ......................... 22.00 Pr,lVnll|r] Cnilncll. No. 1713 .............. Fort Smith Council, No.&apos;096 ...................................... $22.00 Pocahontas CoenciI No. 2443 ......................................... 17.00 Blytheville-Oseeola Council, No. 2857 ........................ $t2.00 Texaltana Council No. 2650 .................. Pine Bluff Council No. 1153 ...................................... 22.00 Stuttgart-Slovactown Council, No. 2780 ....................... 12.00 Joncsl,oro Council. No. 170 ............... ' Itelena Council, No. 1770 ......................................... 17.00 DECEMBER 31, 1943 "'If by liberty ot the press, we understand merely the liberty of discussing the propriety of public measures and political opinions, let us have as much of it as you please; but it it means the liberty of at- fronting, calumniating and defaming one another, I own myself willing to part with my share of it when- ever our legislators shall please to alter the law; and shall cheerfully consent to exchange my. liberty of abusing others for the privi/ege ot not bemg abused #s mvsel[. --Frankhn. LET'S TALK IT OVER New Year's Resolutions The New Year seems to be a good time to make resolu- tions. As a rule they are broken before the first week has rounded out. Catholics might well reflect on resolutions for the betterment of their own souls and the bringing about an increase in spirituality and piety and an intensification of spiritual values in their own individual lives. The Ten Commandments are made up of two great divi- sions: the first three have to do with our own individual selves and the other seven have to do with our relations to Our neigh- bor. One of our exchanges has suggested seven resolves we might make in relation to ourselves as follows: I.Every morning offer up the day to God. 2.Every noon pray to God in the silence of my soul. 3.Every night say my act of contrition and evening prayers. ' , 4.Every day nxake a visit to the Blessed Sacrament. 5.Every week hear Mass several times. 6.Every month go to Confession and Communion as often as possible. 7.At all times remember that I must die. In relation to our neighbor it has suggested ten things we might resolve to do: l.Think kind thoughts about my neighbor. 2.Keep quiet unless l can speak kindly. 3.Try to do some kind deed for someone every day. 4.--Try to bring peace and happiness into my home. 5.Try to guide my friends into the paths of virtue. 6.Try to brighten the lives of those with whom I as- sociate. 7.Try to bear the sufferings of my life in patience. 8.Avoid all heated and disturbing conversations. 9.Visit the sick and contribute to the poor. 10.Pray for the welfare of my country and all my fel- low-citlzens. These resolutions, seriously made and faithfully kept, would make better and more faithful Catholics, the world a better place to,live in and heaven more easily gained. If the year just past was not lived for God and in His service it is a year lost. The faithful adherence to the above resolution will make the year of 1944 one lived for God and put us further along the road to eternal salvation. THE EPIPHANY On next Thursday the Church celebrates the glorious feast of the Epiphany of our Lord. Its name suggests its mean- ins--the manifestation of God to His creatures. While this feast originally was associated with the three manifestations of our Lord, it is today devoted almost exclusively to the visit of the Ma to the New Born King. The Star foretold by Balaam having risen in the East, the Three Magi are inflamed with the desire of going in search of Him that was to be born King of the Jews. In some myster- ious and silent manner the announcement of the glad coming of the King of the Jews is made to these holy men. The Divine grace which spoke to their soul met with a faithful and un- hesitating response. In the Gospel of St. Luke we read that the Magi with simple and fervent eagerness spoke to Herod: "We have seen His star in the East, and we are come to adore Him." The identity of these kings is known only through tradi- tion, If we are to believe St. Justin and Tertullian, they went out from Chaldea. Several of the Fathers show that one, if not two of these holy kings, was from Arabia. A popular tradi- tion which for centuries has been admitted into Christian art tells us that the three were from Ethiopia. In the support of this opinion we have the word of David and other Prophets that the colored inhabitants of the banks of the Nile were to be the object of God's special mercy. The story of the Magi is a stdry of faith. Docile to the THE GUARDIAN, DECEMBER 31, 1943 e Divine inspiration, they left their country, their riches, their homes to follow a Star. The Star goes on before them, mark- ing out the route they were to follow. It meant nothing to them that the journey was filled with danger. They feared not a pil- grimage of weeks or months, with all its accompanying fatigue. They were not alarmed at the suspicions which wvuld be aroused in the Roman Empire. The Divine Voice told them to go. They went and followed the Star. Their guide leads them to the Holy City. With a courage and conviction that would credit an apostle and martyr, they de- clared their resolution of going to adore Him. Herod sits rest- lessly on his throne, plotting murder. The Magi sees their beloved Star again in the heavens and they follow it until they kneel at the Feet of the King for Whom they had so long searched. These happy kings were not scandalized when they found their Lord in a lowly stable. The grace of God triumphed in these faithful men and they fell down before the Babe of Bethle- hem and filled with admiration and love they adored Him and offered Him their gifts. Their faith teaches us a sublime les- son. No less than to them does the Savior manifest Himself to us in humility. The pride of the world rejects Him. h does not know the Crib any more than it knows the Tabernacle. Just because the God of Heaven humbled Himself so much do we love Him so intensely.Northwest Progress. A WATERING DOWN OF RELIGION ' The Chu:ch discourages so-called mixed-marriages, that is, marriages between Catholics and non-Catholics. She does this for a number of reasons. One is the fact that such mar- riages show a lack of reverance and respect for the Sacrament of Matrimony. Another is the damage to the faith of the Ca- tholic party and to the potential offspring. There is the fact, too, that not infrequently the non-Catholic party holds different principles from those held by the Catholic party with regard to conjugal morality; this implies a danger to the morals of the Catholic party. Moreoxer, many mixed marriages prove unhappy to the contracting parties and the children. Disagree- ments arise, particularly over religious beliefs and practices, and many of the marriages eventually end in disruption of the home. The most that can be said regarding the Church's attitude towards mixed marriages is that she tolerates them. She has set up impediments against them, and a dispensation is required before a mixed marriage may be, either lcitly or validly con- tracted, according as the non-Catholic party is baptized or un- bapitzed. Even when there are sufficient grounds for granting a dispensation for a mixed marriage there are certain promises, or ante-nuptial agreements which both parties must make. These promises are made in writing. First there is a promise regarding the very nature of mar- riage. That is, the marriage is to last till the death of either party. Divorce, in the ordinary acceptation of the term, name- ly, with the possibility of remarriage while the other party lives, is entirely out of the question. Secondly, the non-Catholic party promises not to inter- fere with the religious practices of the Catholic party. Nothing is to be done that will make the practice of faith difficult, if not impossible, for the Catholic spouse. The third promise deals with the potential offspring. Children to be borne to the union are to be baptized and brought up in the Catholic faith, even though the Catholic party should happen to be taken away by death. The final' promise calls for a single religious ceremony. That ceremony must take place before a priest. The priest represents both church and state in such a ceremony; conse- quently a double ceremony is entirely nnnecessary. Today it is rather generally accepted practice to insist that the non-Catholic party take a series of instructions in the Catholic religion before the marriage takes place. Obviously, the purpose of these instructions is to acquaint him with the Catholic Churchwith what she is and what she stands for. It is really difficult to ace how the non-Catholic can keep the ante-nuptial promises made unless he knows so/nething about the Catholic faith. Sometimes the instructions lead to the conversion of the non-Catholic party. It has been estimated recently that about 36 per cent of the non-Catholic parties to mixed marriages be- come Catholics. That is the brighter side of the picture. The other side is the fact that mixed marriages in great measure lead to a watering down of the Catholic religion. They lead to a large amount of paralyzing indifference, to much loss of faith. They are the cause of much leakage to the church. She is wise indeed in setting her face against them. t )UESTION BOX Notice---It is important that all questions be signed with the sender's name and COMPLETE address (not initials): otherwise the questions wil} not. be answered. No names are ever published. Questions which ask for private answer must be accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelope. Vfe invite only honest and worthwhile questions RlJl'a[ Cc 00olic Cc 00mittee When Catholics Marry Does The Bride Promise To Obey? The present formula for marriage has been in use for some 300 years, and there is no reference to wifely obedience in it. This actual marriage ceremony consists in the mutual promise of a man and a woman to accept the other party as husband or wife according to the laws of the Church. Ttmre is no need for any formal promise of obedience on the part of the wife. When .a Catholic wo- man becomes a wife she accepts the duties of her position as imposed on her by Almighty God, one of which is a normal, intelligent, obedience to tier imsband as head of the family, as God organized it. This obedience is binding wheth- er or not it is mentioned in the marriage ceremony. Omitting the formal prornise does not ab- solve the wife from the obligation. Please state in y.our "question Box" column if Baptism, given to a dying person who through life efvsed this Sacrament, is valid and spiritually of any value? It may be valid and helpful or then again it may be invalid and useless. It depends entirely on the disposition ot the dying per- son. If when dying, be desires Baptism, it ia valid and helpful. If he mentally refuses it but per- mits it to please those about him, it is invalid and useless. If he is unconscious, it may be admin- istered conditionally, for though dead to his surroundings, he may in his last moments, moved by the grace of G)d, desire it and thus be validly baptized. $ * $ Do all priests take the three vows of poverty, chastity and obe- dience? No. Priests who do not belong to religious orders or congrega- tions do not take the vows of pov- erty or obedience. They are bound by the law of 'chastity and a promise of obedience to the Bishop. Not bemg bound by the vow of poverty, they may own and dispose of money and prop- erty. $ * Should not the choir stop sing- ing at the Elevation? Silence during the Elevation is preferred, although a soft organ accompaniment is permitted. Is there any record'of a priest breaking the Seal of Confession? Nothing perhaps is more sacred to a priest than the Seal of Con- fession. All through history this has been true, and even those who became renegades and tried to harm tie Church or to injure pro- pie's faith, have never been known to violate the Seal of Confession. On the contrary, several priests have paid with their lives for thek refusal to break the Seal. Must we suffer in the next world for all the sins that we have confessed in this world? 'There are two kinds of punish- ment for sin, the eternal and the temporal punishment. The eter- nal is always forgiven by a good confession; the temporal remains either in part or in whole. We can free ourselves from the tem- poral punishment by hearing pa- tiently the trials of life, by per- forming good works, by gaining indulgences, by prayers and alms, by works of self-denial. If we fail in these, punishment will be ex- acted in Purgatory. When we wish to gain a plenary indulgence one of the conditions is, usually, that we pray for the in- tention of the Holy Father. Is this intention made known? While we cannot be certain in each instance, there is reason to believe that the following are the intentions for which the Holy Fa- ther wishes us to pray: Peace among nations, progress of the Faith, conversion of sinners, and destruction of heresy. * * Is it permissible for an engaged couple to act as godparents for a child gt Baptism? Yes. No spiritual relationship exists between the two sponsors. If a person marries under a fic- titious name would the marriage be invalid? The error in name would not necessarily make the marriage in: valid since each party had the in- tention to centract marriage with the other party. hould this er- ror in name be such that the one 1)arty would be mistaken in the identity of the other party the marriage would not be valid. Why do Catholics repeat the Hail Mary ten times for each mys- tery of the Rosary? it was customary m the early monastic days to substitute the Ore" Father in place of the Psalms for the lay-brothers and the her- sits who could not join the monks in the choir. As flare are 150 Psalms the daily recitation of 150 Our Fathers, in groups of tens or fifties, is easily understood. When the Rosary with its fifteen mys- teries became popular, the assign- ing of the Ten Hail Marys to each of the fifteen mysteries was a natural adaptation of the custom already established in the case of the recitation of the Our Fathers. In order to settle a dispute, you kindly state through your col- umn if King Leopold and the late Queen Astrid had a Protestant marriage service in Stockholm be- fore the Catholic service in Bel- gium? There never was any Protestant marriage either before or after of the South' by Rev. Anthony l.chodt/, C. S. Sn. PLANNING The hectic days that follows the close of the last world w* are so fresh in our minds the we are now more busy preparing for the post war period than Wf are busy working out our presen problems. In trying to avoid a re- currence of the depression dayS: we are trying to give our thoughtS'i! over to well laid plans that 11 forestall the sad pligit in whicl we found ourselves in the after' math of the last war s We will have to do a lot of inv dividual post-war planning fo ourselves. The farmer naturally must concern himself about thO i market. Many writers and speak ers are busy telling us that ther will be an extremely heavy de sand for food because this coun try will have to feed the world{ As soon as the ar is over agrt! cultural production and distribU' tion will receive the most atten tion, for people must eat. It i reasonable to expect food to sent over for some time, to fe the nations but as soon s t various nations are capab e  feeding themselves, they will d so. We will not continue large" scale relief indefinitely after the war. International trade will hell our program, but the biggest par of the farm market is here a home. If we are capable of keep. ing people employed and do no' have to contend with a huge un employment problem then the farmers may expect a strong markeL Our planning will have to be over a long period of time. The depletion of things at home suc the Catholic service, although cer- as automobiles, refrig 'S, fain Swedish Protestants hoped radios and the like will consume. that there could be. Such an ar-'some of the time immediately af- rangement would be contrary to ter the war, which will mean that Catholic legislation. All that took there will be considerable activity place in Stockholm on November for a time. What will happen af 4, 1926 was a purely civil cere- ter that, depends on how well we mony in the Ricksdag Hall before will have done our post-wet the Mayor and in the presence of planning. The best way that agri- the two royal families, the Catho- culture can be helped by busines.' lic Bishop and the Lutheran Arch- men is for them to keep others bishop. The actual marriage took busy at productive work. place on November 10, in the Col- In order not to become a victim, legiate Church of St. Gudule. and to avoid disaster %he farmel: " * * * should remember that war de-};; Does not Christ command us to mands and war prices will not al- read the Bible when lie said to ways continue. He should keep i search the Scriptures? a balance among his enterpriseS: This is not a command to read and be ready to make adjustment, the Bible. In the first place we if the end of the war brings a must bear in mind that the New change. 1"he farmer should not Testament was not written at that put out a great outlay of anything. time. Our Lord was speaking toe withithe idea that war prices wiB n' ue indefinitely. It might!i certain class of Jews who ques- be an excellent idea for him to i tioned His claim to be the Mes- siah and He told them ttat if they llaVeiin War Bonds instead of:. p ' g "s money on scarcO] would "search the Scriptures" goods. The farmer can lay hYi! they would find ample testimony money now for equipment and im: to substantiate His claim, proved machinery and repairs that will be needed. Is It true that in the city Farmers should be cautiou churches they have chains on about getting mixed up in ad every seat? The usher unlocks speculations. Most people are them and lets you in your pew looking for things to take a and then locks it and you cannot dive when everything is all get out until he unlocks It? Be this as it may, the We do not know of any church thing to do is to plan on m the country in which such a as well as successes. The system is followed. If it be fol- who saved part of his lowed it would be contrary to the when times were good has Canon law of the Church. worries when times are bad. What does the Pope do with all Will not the many fervent the money collected for him every ers of those whom we have hel year throughout the world? to die well afford us great When one considers the enor- solation and succor at the time mous expenses attached to the when we ourselves shall be mor Papacy whose offices are scatter- in need of it than at any other : ed hrough the whole world and moment of our life? when one adds to this the enor- : -- calls for charity, the sur- The death of God's servants prise is that the Pope can manage friends derives its blessedneJ : to maintain his position in a fi- from the death of Jesus, our nancial way. We know that the four, who suffered the bitter present Pope has been forced to on the Cross, in order that the cut his expenses to the very mini- dying of His creatures may be mum and that it is a trying ordeal like His, preciohs in the sight o to balance the Vatican budget. His and their heavenly Father... No. 57 The Story Of The Bible In Pictures And when Joseph saw this, he fell upon sight, speak in the ears of Pharao: For the house of Joseph with his brethren, said: This is a great mourning to the his father's face weeping and kissing him. my father made me swear to him, saying: except their children, and their flocks and Egyptians. And therefore the name of And he commanded his servants the phy- Behold I die; thou shalt bury me in my herds, which they left In the land of sicians to emhalm his father. And while sepulchre which I have digged for myself Gessen. He, had also In his train chariots that place was called, the mourning of they were fulfilling his commands, there in the land of Chanaan. So I will go up and. horsemen: and it was a great corn- Egypt. So the sons of Jacob did as he ' passed forty days; for this was the man- and bury my father, and return. And pany. And they came to the threshing had commanded them. And carrying ner with bodies that were emblamed, and Pharao said to him: Go up and bury thy floor of Atad, which is situated beyond him into the land of Chanaan, they buried Egypt mourned for him seventy days. father according as he made thee swear< the Jordan: where celebrating the exe- him in the double cave which Abralm l And the time of the mourning being ex- So he went up, and there went with him quies with a great and vehement lamenta- had bought together with the field for a plred, Joseph spoke to the family of all the ancients of Pharao's house, and tion, they spent full seven days. And when possession of a burying place, of Ephhorn Pharao: If I have found favor in your all the elders of the land of Egypt. And the inhabitants of Chanaan saw this, they the Hethite over against Mambre ..... / /