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Arkansas Catholic
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December 24, 1927     Arkansas Catholic
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December 24, 1927

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PAGE FOUR i, u ii ....... THE GUARDIAN, DECEMBER 24, 1927 LAND DRAWS MANY AMERICANS AT CHRISTMASTIDE By Joseph J. Mooney, (Written for N. C. W. C. News Service) A very considerable increase in the side Great Britain or Ireland. These number of American trouists in Ire- figures emphasize the fact that out- land was shown tas~ summer. In- side Ireland the greatest home of the creased shipping facilities between Irish race is not to be found in Eu- Cobb (Queenstown} and New York, rope but in America. the committee, brought back the sub- ject of propaganda. Again the Con- sul General declared with finality: "I have never indulged in any pro- paganda of any kind at any time." Senab3r Johnson then wan,ted to know about Jose Kelly, who has lec- tured widely in the United States de- fending the Calles labor policies. Kelly is an employe of the Mexican Department of Labor, Commerce and Industry, Elias said, adding that he had not paid him any money. Senator Johnson persisted, how- ever, desiring to know how Kelly was paid. Thereupon Elias became some- what flustrated and finally admit/cod flatly that he not only pays Kelly '$600 a month at this time, but that and the innovation of a l'iner making Galway a port of call, not only at- tracted additional attention to the facilities for travelling between the two countries, but encouraged much larger numbers of Americans to v~sit Ireland. Special fares and other shipping facilities also prompted a greater total of Irish people to visit the United States for holidays than ever before. A larger proportion of the American tourists visiting Ireland last summer were people with no h'ish associations. Hitherto the ma- jority of the American tourists vis- iting Ireland were people visiting members of their own families. Ire- land's new political status, and the economic and intellectual develop- ment attending on it, caus~ed Ireland to appear as a greater cenLer of at- traction than hitherto. Sports in Ireland American visitors to Ireland are divided into vwo chiefclasses---the summer tourist and theperson who visits Ireland for sport. The num- bers of the latter have been doubled in recent years. It is not long since one of the best-knowu packs of hounds in Ireland was hunted by an ,The entry of the Fianno Fat! party own family, or something of the into the Dail is considered to augur family history of people bearing their well for the economic prosperity of own names. The numerous Americansthe country. It has resulted so far bearing names such as Murphy, Kil- in the Dail devoting a greatly in- bride, O'Flaherty, McCarthy, Byrne, creased proportion of its time to the Fitzgerald, O'Toole. or any of the discussion of important economic o~her Irish names common in Amer-problems, instead of spending long he has paid him a like sum for years even before he was made Consul General in New York. He defended his previous denial of this fact by saying that all payments were made on orders from Mexico City. Asked if he did not know that Kelly was engaged in speaking lea, a,:e interested ~o f!nd the locali- hours debating purely theoretical throughout the country in favor of ties in which their family names take I matters of politics as was done hith- [ Calles' policies, Elias admitted he their origin. A few moments in- erto. I knew speeches were made by Kelly. quh'y at some of the public offices Dail Center of Interes~ [ Pressed, he made two more damag- in Dublin where genealogical records P.,oth at the first entry of Mr.]ins admissions. He had previously are kept, clears up the question of : De Valera and his party into the Dail[ said he knew little or nothing of where almost any of the well-known Irish names take their origin. The I clan or family of O'Flaherty descends I from the Lords of Western Con- nought. The McCarthys were origin- last Summer, and the re-assembly of the Dail a~ the last election, large nmbers of American tottrists watched the deputies arriving at Leinstz~r House for the sitting. The Dail, be- Kelly's activities; Senator Johnson now drew from him the fact that he had written Mexico City commenting on the good work Kelly was doing. IIe finally reluctantly admitted, un- ally kings and princes of Desmond, ins now a Parliament in which a the ancient name for South Munster. Government holds a precarious ma- The Murphys are the descendants of jority, is a centre of greater interest The M.acMurroughs, the old regalthan it has ever been hitherto, and family of Lein~ter. l every tourist who can manage, by Once Princely Fam~lles Ifriendship q' influence, to gain a The Byrne~ and O'Tooles were [ticket of adinission, pays a visit in princes in the mountainous regions order to see the present leaders o~ of County Wicklow, the O'Toole be-'the Irish~ Free State. Association, ing described in the .~id records as The Irish Touris'c "Princes of Imaile," a glen in the which represents most of the busi- Wiclda~, Mountains known to the der heavy questioning, th,a~ he "more or less" directed Kelly's activities. Paid Haberman, Too A moment later Senator Johnson had Elias admitting that he also pays Roberto Haberman, another agent of Calles regime who spends much time in the United States. $600 a month. "What for?" Johnson wanted to know. "Work in connection with the De- American master of fox hounds. Fol- lowing his example, many Americans rent houses in Ireland during the winter in order to avail of the ex- cellent fox hunting which can be had in many parts of the country, and at a cheaper rate than in England. It is sMd by many experienced fox hunt- p resen't day as "The Glen of Imaile." The O'Meagers or Mahers were Chiefs of the Barony of Ikerrin, in Tipperary County, where the name flourishes to the present day. The O'Sullivans were priucely families in the region of West Cork, the best known being the O'Sultivans of World. Bective House, formerly the property of the Marquis of Headfort, is only one of tahe numerous houses recently acquired by Americans for the purpose of followings the hounds in 'Royal Meath." Catholic Interests A featture of the summer ~ourist traffic to Ireland is the large number of priests of Irish birth who organize parties t~ visit the home country in holiday time. To travellers with Catholic interests Ireland presents a remarkable field. ] While the Catholic ,traveller will find[ himself at home in a Ca~h01ic chur5hll or religious institution in any part ! of the world, the non-Catholic who cares to examine a little into the place of religion in life, finds Ireland an interesting study. In many of the most backward parts of the coun- try, priests or nuns are the only or- ganizers' of productive industry. Nuns Lead Industry In the most celebrated of all Irish beauty spots, Killarney, the Sisters of Mercy manage a thriving industry era that Limerick County provides lBeara, some of whom to the present' the best fox-hunting country in the lday use as their surname their full~ title of "O'Sullivanbere." The fact that all members of the old Irish clans bore the same name as their chief is the reason why so many hqsh families claim descent from kings and princes. While the almost the only manufactured export from the town. In Foxford, Mayo, a convent of nuns directs one o~ the most successful textile industries in the country. While the fact that their tweeds are the products of industry directed by re~gious, tends to make them popular ~n Ireland, the excel- lence of~their products has assured them a lucurative market for many :years. These are only two examples ~f numerous convents that are en- gaged in similar work. It has been said that a third convent, that of the Loretbo nuns at Dalkey, Dublin, has org~nlzed a ]ace indusbry which riv- a]s in excellence that of Rome or Lyons. Present Day Monasteries " Wh~le the traveller 'from America br from the Continent of Eurepe is ttsual|~ contented to see a few of the. /zh[e~ points of interest in the coun- try, a few who wish to go a little off the beaten track ~isit the Cistercian monasteries Of Mount Mellgry, in Waterford County, and Roscrea, in Tipperary. Recently a non-Catholic writer i~ an English paper, in" his description of Ireland as a holiday resort, described a short sojourn at present families are descendants of the clan, the number who can to- gitimately claim descent fro mthe chiefs is very limited. Interestinff h~sh Patronymics The recent impetus given to the ;tudy of the Irish language has re- sulted in detailed study of the de- rivation of many o~ the best known Irish family names. Many of the most interesting thfs group are names such as Kilbride,. Gilpatrick or Gilmartin, the second: part of the name indicating the pers~,n to whom the bearer of the name was a servant. Some of ~hese names are believed to have been adopted owing t~ the fact that Bridget, Patrick and Martin were ~he names of well:known Saints, adopted into family surnames for reason of devotion. A remarkable fact that s~'~kes flre was approximately 20 per cent great- er than in 1926. This stream of visitors before Mr, de Valera led hi~ pa~rty into the DaiL The acion of Md. de Valera in enter- ing the Dail is believed to be o rte of the bes~ things that has happened in. h'eland for many years. It is believ- ed that it will be the forerunner o~ peace and d~evelopment. Four more of the Catholic members have taken their seats in the Northern Parlia- ment, which seems to indicate that the of v t ;nt political.! feuds are passing and that Ireland will remain what she realIy has been for some time, a country under parliamentary government, w~ere the revolver is used neither '~ the visitor from abroad, nor on: the' native at home. HEFLIN TOOK M:ONEY FOR ANTLCATHOLIC T,AKKS, HE SWEARS (Continu ed Fi'om: t~age One) for the manufacture of lace, which is student of Irish family names is that the names of recent IrisK ~a~-iots such aS Emmet, Grattan, or WoIfe Tone ~re almost unknown:ih Ire~nd at the present day. Tl~.ey survive chiefly ~as" names given imbaptism to. those bearing differen~ fgmily na.mes. .... ~l~,~d~r~__...~, ............. ~,~ ~,vn~ Kin', ...... R=tl~r gl:t~lrrs- The most outstanding examples;~f arrl',men and~ v~ri~us Protestant orders Irish national leader whose navae is [ttliut i'~vi~e~ me to come amd~ deliver rare in Ireland, is, needless to,, say,@my a~l~ess o,a the- :~an, s~ua- Mr. De Valera. lltibn ,, , Irish Names Al~r~ad" I Th~eaft~r Heflin aalt~t ce~ailr~ G~ile, ~nd in the prese~ day has giv- pad-Red' ~oora of syt~to,r~ amt eRa C~rdinaI O'Rourke to Po]~nd'~: I b~'oad smiles ~rom the ~enators ~ho Some of the districts' on the Westo.t r~ffe up tlte committee. ern Irish, coast are popularly descrilt-[.c '" ~Iias ~akes Ad'm*ss~* " ed as 'the next partakes to Amen a. ] Ella.% when he came to ~e s~nd, ~rhile the west coas~ of IreNnd ~r-/ ~eep~iegly asserted kfhat ~he doeu- tainly, is ~he first lartI that the tray- ~, ~ents we're forgeries, and that he had eller from America~ meets when he I'never seen ~y of" ~em before,-de- has crossed the Att~ic, it ~, mo~e in- | ~nite the fact some of them purport timately linked t~ America by the~o be telegrams ,amd letters, which bond of blood. ~ single stettmer, a~passed between him and Calles. He few days before Iaat Christmas, car- had not received', ~ disbursed .any Mellary where he saw for the first time the old monastic life in all its ried from EnglaRd to I[~l~.nd eleven hundred and sixty bags ot~ American maiIs which had: arrived by American liners by way of Southampton. Though this was described last year as a record American mail for any given ,steamer, ~he tendency o~ tMs money, as indicated in the documents the Consul Gene~ral said. It was at this point that the sub- ject of propaganda was bro~ught up, recalling the fact that evidence has been sbmitted to the State Depart- ment that Elias has acted as a chief rigor. Irish people on holidays in the South of their own country al- ways make a visit to Mount Mellary testimony, handled the obtaining of the documents for the Hearst papers, swore that within the last few weeks he had been offered a bribe of $10,- 000 if by a fMse oath, he would st- tempt to discredit the Mexican Ca- tholic HierarcI~y. He was asked by a Mexican Con- sul, he said, to swear that all of the documents were forged hy Bishop Pascual Diaz, secretary o the Mexi- ~n~ C~tl~oIie ]~pi'~opa~e~ The effect of the taking of such a bribe, the the ones ~)n Catholics. Avila ret~ted how he engineered t~he taking of certain official papers from the l~exican Controller's offices and from ttte files of Calles' own Pi~esidential Bureau, these papers in- dicating antf-American activities of the ~alles regime. It' developed that the authenticity ofthe d0cumenes inclu dins charges FOUR NEW U. S. BISHOPS NAMED BY HOLY FATHER (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Rome, Dec. 15. Four new Bishops for the United States have been ap- pointed by His Holiness Pope Plus XI. They are : The Roy. John M. McNamara, pas- tor of St. Gabriel's parish in Wash- b~gton. D. C., to be Auxiliary Bishop of Baltimore. The Rt. Rcv. Msgr. Thomas C. O'Reilly, pastor of the Cathedral of SL John the Evangelist at Cleveland, to be Bishop of Scranton. The Roy. Edward J. Kelly, Chancel- lor of the Diocese of Baker Cily, to be Bishop of Boise. The Roy. Francis dohannes, pas- ~or of Immaculate Conception Church in St. Joseph, Me., to be Bishop Coad- jutor of Leav'enworth. Bishop-Elect N~vN/~mra, ~iow s~'~ ~ioned as a pastor in Washington, D. C., ha~ a notable record as a student, as an eloquen~ speaker and as a par- ish builder, tie was born in Balti- mor~ in 1878, and made his studies a~ Loyola College and St. Mary's Seminary, both in Baltimore. He served in various pastorates in the Archdiocese of Baltimore, then be- came asst. at St. Patrick's, Washing- ton's famous down-town church. Tak- ing over St. Gabriels', a new parish as its 2irst pastor, when it was housed openly by an old. war-time hut, he speedily built a splendid new build- ling, and has in recent months pre- ~pared to erect a splendid church, the former structure to serve as the par- l ish school. : In June of this year Father Me- Nanmra observed the silver jubilee of his priesthood, on which occasion his grateful parishioners presented him with a purse of $20,000. Monsignor O'Reilly, who is to be- come Bishop of Scranton, was born in Cleveland, in the eathcdraI parish. He is 53 years old. He is known for his learning, having studied at the North American College at Rome. He has performed notable service as rec- tor of the Cleveland cathedral. Father Kelly, who becomes Bishop of Boise, wr'II be the first native priest of the Far West to be made a member of the Hierarchy. He was born at The Dalles, Oregon, in 1890. He studied in the Nortk American Col:. lege in Rome, where he received the the' D'octorate in Philosophy and The- ology. of moneys ~o be paid to Senators, thus f/~r rests entirely on the unsup- ported' statements of Avila, who cIaims he secured ~hem by the 'brib- ery of" Mexican" eterks. He then totff of obtaining certain 200,000~ PILGRIMS AT MAlaY'S SHRINE NEAR MEXICO CITY (C0n~inued From Page One) Virgin appeared to an Indian peasant centuries ago. Many of the humbler pggrims had walked for hundreds of miles, over a naturalized. Mexican father and an Italian mother. He had been a com- mission merchant for ten years in San Antonio, and also had worked in the interibr of Me~ico. In the WorId War, l~e said, he was a civilian other official doeumen~cs from the assistant to the United S~ates Army files in. the office of Elias in New York. This lie, d~d, he said, through a clerk in Elias' office. The docu- ments he. saibll lie, ~rned over to re- presentatives of the Hearst papers. A few," dt~ys~ hefbre pub?ieation of the documents-bega~, he continued he encounteredl Ro,berto Haberman an agent of' C~lles. He told him,, hi said; tliat "t~ie Catholics" had cer- 'rain documents which they were go- .ing, to~ ~p~,iht~ *'in four or five days." Tell~ of Etdbe Offer Shortly thereafter, he continued~ as he wallte@ down a New York street he was accosted by Garza Zertuehe, formerly Mexican Consul at New Orleans and now a Mexican Consul in New York. Zertuche apparently had beer~ waiting ~or him, he said, and: immediately stm"~ed to talk about the pubIication of documents. Alvin assumed, he testified, that Haber- man bad recounted to Zertuche his remark about the plans of "the Ca- thollcs." The Mexican Consul, Avila con- tinued, then offered him $2,000 if he would swear to a statement to be published in the New York WorldI that Bishop Diaz, Secretary of theI Mexican Catholic Hierarchy, had forged the whole group of documents in the possession of the H~ Mili~;ary Intelligence Section, and he produced, a li~tter of d~scharge to prove this asserVion. Follo~ving the ~rar,.he worked for a' time in Mexico City with a credit agency, and it was ,while he was thus, employed that Hearst newspaper men asked 'him' to undertake the. findfng of documents in official Mexican files which had to db with Oalles' aet~:vities c~nnected with the United States. ' ' ExecutiVes of the Hearst News- .papers testified' bet@re the committee that they. were certt~in of Avfla's honesty. Asked',by a member of the commd~c- tee what his object was in arranging the abstracting of the documents his salary as an employee of the Hearst papers was at that time, and still is, $50' a week Avila declared that he believed the men conducting the papers were acting in the inter- eats of their country and that he him- self cer, tainly considered that he was acting in the interest of the same na- tion--his country, the United States "of America. Most of the day and night sessions of the committee were taken up with detailed accounts by Mr. Hearst and his men of how they obtained the documents in question, and with questions and answers, on points bearing ,on their atrthenticity. Dudley a part of their program. This mon- astery, which houses about serenity Cistercians, was the first to be erect- ed in Ireland after ,the Reformation. ,Erected on a barren hillside, the monastery and its lands the casts in the desert, where the indus- try of monks has raised plnnta- tlohs of valuable timber and onvert American postage is always to in, crease. Million Letters From U.S. - Official returns show that during five days~ preceding .Christmas, 1926, approximately a million letters from America reached the Irish Free State, being about twenty times the amont coming from any other country out- H~arst pap-] Calles propogandist in ~he country, ors. Avila refused, he sa~i, where- "I never received or disbursed any upon Zertuehe told him that he could Field Malone, who is accused in the funds for propaganda," he asserted go as high as $10,000 on the bribe, documents of acting as a go-between with heat. "We never made propa-I Avila ~expre~sed it as his convic- in the handling of money, made a ganda in ~he United States. I knowItion ~hat Bishop Diaz knew no~hingl sweep~ng denial, saying that he not of no use of funds for it." d I about the documents nor of the brib- [ only had handled no moneys, but also After~ a recess, Elias was calle ]or!) incident. I~hat he did not know the Mexicans back to "the stand, and Senator[ Avila told the committee that he I involved. Elias steadily denied the Johnson of CaliforMa, a member of was born in San Antonio, the son of lauthenticit of all of the documents. mountain and desert on the great day. made the journey, slend food wrapped in their men~s. At dawn y guards of soldiers the five miles from the shrine, the with men, women ing out to perform th~ act of devotion. fore the sun arose not thin throughout the it beseiged the standing in line for their turn to enter. Throngs Travel by, Thus until hours closed down the while still more the roads, many by return journey, but late arrivals still toward the shrine. If, after months ~ale invoking of the the noose and the Mexico's Catholic needed proof that burns Steadily and breasts of the Mexican: proof was given by tacle with such force of the persecutor palled. FRESH-AIR CLASSROOM IN BELIEVED (ByN. C. ~V. C. Kan~a.; City, first fresh-air bular children to be parochial school in thi~ what is believed here one of the Mnd in opened this fall Our Lady of icon colony. It is ported by the with Mrs. John Mayer, the club, in personal Thirty children from little tots up to grade pupils, are Miss Charlotte Canno~ The c h'ildren are cases of must be sent to the culosis hospital at M,1 $fffected by the All of the usual piled by the local for the' conduct of a as complied with a~fon of that board edlucation. The room i~ floor of the new has a special that permits plenty a constant change of s public school ial school has any of the' city's The equipment, cots, special ones used in the cit~ The unfortunate having so man y of grant children fall bercular germ is no ters or social colony but is rather continual efforts to since, there has been in the colony and sine' Ward Amberg club clinic: there, the nuns bers have done upon the Mexican importance of plenty But it is one thing quke another thing to haps the Mexicans do should sleep with and windows open; these poor people have bed clothing, not to plenty., Their ,,blanketS sist simply of Seldom have the them warm in a c So the windows tuberculosis takes. the children are almost hopelessly ii~ have been sent to the Those whom the phY~ be saved by the frc~ special diet provided Woman's Club ,are kel The diet is arrang~ a chart furnished bY partment experts and certain hour every d~ good milk is given to e cidentally, the Siste~ ered that many of quently get nothing at home. In addition to the 'the tuberculars, all the school who are weight are fed a mi]l~ diet regularly until health. Physicians up the weight the children. children, in addidtion ~o ed with tuberculosis, normal weight. In addition to this ~ olic Woman's ( fresh air camp f~ summer months.