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Litlte Rock, Arkansas
December 23, 1933     Arkansas Catholic
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December 23, 1933

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Page Two THE GI: Published Weekly THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Diocese of Little Rock 8091/2 WEST SECOND STREET BOARD OF DIRECTORS: rery Rev. Monsignor James P. Moran, LL.D., President, Mr. John Pruniski, Vice President, Ray. Francis A. Allen, S.T.L., Secretary-Treasurer. Entered as second-class matter March 21, 1911, at the postoffice of Little Rock Ark, under the Act of Congress of March 8, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE $2.00 THE YEAR OFFICIAL ORGAN The Guardian is the (Jflcial organ of the Diocese of Little Rock and I pray &apos;God that it may be an earnest champion of the cause of right, justice and truth and an ardent defender ,,f the religion which we all love so well. I extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its career may be long and prosperous JNO. B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock EDITORIAL STAFF Editor: Rcv. Harold J. Heagncy, Litt. D., Associate Editors! Very Rev Msgr. James P. Moran, LL. D., Ray. Lawrence Hoyt, O.S.B., Rev ,]ames E. O'ConneIl, A. M. Advertising and Circulation Manager: Ray. Thomas A. Costello, A. M. Business Manager: Rev. Francis A. Allen, S. T. L. DECEMBER 23, 1933 ti DORM MERRY CHRISTMAS, MR. PRESI- DENT Christmas is the feast that com- memorates the Inearn,ation of the Son of God. It's a feast of love and good cheer, of the expression of our affection and sincer.e admiration for those we love and trust. Mr. President, we are too poor to show our affectionate regard for you by the expenditure of a sum of mon- ey for a .Christmas present worthy ef you but with all our heart we send you our affection and trust. "Merry Christmas ad many more of them." ........ CRIME No man can adequately estimate the abiding love in a real .Christian home, that love that is immutable In a changing, heedless, se!fish world, that love is ,a rock for the members to cling to in the turbulent sea of TO OUR READERS "Glory to God in the highest; and on earth peace to men ef good will." Once again Holy Mother the Church transports her children: to Bethlehem where the glad tidings of the Christ Child's birth, heralded by the shin- ing multitude of the heavenly chor- isters, peal forth their wondrous mes- sage, ever ancient ever new, to a weary world. To the readers of The GuardSman on this Christmas day we extend our deep ,and heartfelt wish l that the peace of the Infant Jesus will come upon them and fill their beings with its holy, happy benedic- tion and that the glory of God will shine "round about them" as it did ' in David's city so long ago. May it be a day of re-birth to a fuller understanding of the spiritual heights of man's destiny and capabi- ]if% successful or failing, happy or lily. May it bring each and every one nearer to the Divine Child, Who llnhappy. The grown man or woman I inspires u on the annum celebration from such a home ill realize the of His birth to know and love tile Christian truths of childhood are the only truths. That the first laws learn- ed are the only eternal laws. Their me'aning is self discipline. Statistics show that barely three percent of the vicious criminals come from homes of this type. The vic- ious criminal is now in our nation a young crimnal, scarcely above school age, youths that succumbed because they lacked the proper home and school training. All youth is restive and nistakes curiosity for intellig- ence suborordination for the courage of independence. The restrictions of independence. The restrictions of experience incite to revolt. To dis- regard them is not very @ifflcult for youth that has not the habits of obe- dience, a good home and real school give. To forget the conventional social virtues become a habit. To think independently for one's own self seems admirable. But when youth attempts that, it thinks only what it pleases or k does not think at all. It finds excuses to evade responsi- bility and concludes the world owes it an easy living. Crime statistics show us that our crime wave, the worst in the world, is a youth's crime wave. The vi.cious criminal in the last dozen years has gone downward in until such criminals are in reality just boys and girls. Something is very radically wrong somewhere. Russia is the only country in the world with more chil- j.oy of giving and the contentment which comes from sharig whatever blessings God in His mercy has sent ULS. May it be a Christmas bright with the forecasting of better times that will surely come and may its heavenly message inspire in us hope and confidence and courage for the coming year. As we close the year, The Guard- ian does so not only with the warmest wishes of the season to its readers but also with the earnest appeal that they will continue to cooperate to the very best of their ability in mak- ing our diocesan paper a success in every sense of the word. The Guard- ian is, as you know, the only publica- tion in which you will find all the, Catholic news of State, country and l the entire-world. It is your Catholic's, paper in a special and unique sense, t prepared for your information, bene-I fit and entertainment. Without thel loyal and continued support of every / Catholic of Arkansas it cannot func-" lion adequately and securely. Guardian advertisers are reliable and friendly. Patronize them.. A consultation with our advertisers on Guardian bargains will help you with your budgeting this week. Over the bridge of sighs we pass to the palace of peace.C. H. Spur- seen. i THE In The Editor's - - : : : " : -- .... Mail Bag In seeking a wider public for what -.9-Zo@.oo!,.) was originally a lantern lecture giv- en to the Guild of Catholic Artists Professor Keller's Opinion of "Span- and Craftsmen, Mr. Geoffrey Webb iah Hill" Makes Its Author has placed the whole Catholic body  Very Happy in tis debt. His little book, The Lit-[ Rev. H. J. Heagney. urgical Altar, will fill a long felt need I and comes before us at an opportune moment. The liturgical revival has set in, but there has been an obvious lack of expert guidance in matters of importance to clergy and laity alike. Mr. Wcbb is sevdrcly practical. He wastes no words, but he gets right down to his subject. He is ,';imple, too, in his expression of the chief points. He tells us of the al- rat's place in the liturgy, of its his- tory and of the decrees of the ,Con- gregation of Rites, both |irective and preceptive. The latter he treats extensively, with an attention to de- tail and with much useful guid'ance for those whose Hmited knowlcge of the rubrics prevents them from ,giv- ing full effect to the Church's ordin- ances. The book will be welcomed not only for its value as a guide to those in doubt, but also by the layman anx- ious to share the joys and meaning of the Church's ritual. If I Had Been in Blethlehem Could I have been in Bethlehem The night that Jesus came, There in that Simple manger room While angels sang acclaim, Where patient cattle stood amazed Deep in the fragrant straw, And humble sheperds quietly knelt With reverence and awe, I would have knelt and prayed ith them, But I know all the while My eyes would look where Mary sat To see *her tender smile, I would have found eternal light Beside that sacred flame, Could I have been in Bethlehem The night that J'esus came. Lexie Dean Robertso.n, i "Irustlng We cannot trust God--or distrust )urselves--too ,much. He never de- nies the petition of lively faith--our 'confidence in the measure of His gifts. The reason .is plain. Trust is a proof of love; it always exists be- tween the loving and the loved and is a proof of faith in the perfection of the goodness, power, wisdom, and foresight of God. Take, them, all your difficulties, whatever they may I beyour daily life and conversation, 1 the little circumstances of every hour, ,and .all their perplexitieswhatever] i they are take them to Him--taythenl all before Him with a perfect con- fidence and firm reliance on His promises. QUESTION BOX Why do priests wear such strange garments at Mass? Why different colors? What are the names of the garments worn by Bishop and priests? Do these vestments come from the Jews? Have they a mystic Dear Father.The first chapter, starts out fine, a perfect word pic-meaning? i The vestments worn today by the ure, as graphic as the first chapter of "Ivanhoe", and what a suspense priest.; *at Mass, with the one exccp- you have left us in. This story is tion of the ,amice represent the ordin- goin to be fine and The Guardian ary d'aily dress of the second century has become of much greater interest. Roman. The toga is the only Roman I wish you all the success in the garment that has disappeared, be- world I hope you will have a great-, cause the early Christians, not being er scope for this promising story citizens as 'a rule, could not and (lid not wear it. than The Guardian can give you. Yours Sincerely J. J. Keller And Here's Another Boquet From An Appreciated Source Dear Dr. Heagney: Noting your appointment as edi- tor of The Guardian, I hasten to ex- tend my and our 'felicitations and best wishes to you, and to The Guardian also on its good fortune in having an editor of such attainments and distinction as the successor of the late beloved Monsignor Fisher. If there is any way in which we may serve you at any time, please do not hesitate to advise us. Very Sincerely Yours, Richard Reid. President, The Catholic Press Association, I According to the medieval liturgists especially from the ninth century on- wards, the vestments were said to I symbolize the priestly :virtues, the In- carnation, the instruments of Christ's Passion, the weapons of the' priest's warfare in God's service. But the vestments did not begin as symbols. They were the everyday clothes of martyrdom, rose for oy, gree hope, purple for penace, and for mourning. What is sin? tare not equal in the sight of God? Is teachings of the Scrit James says: "Whosoever shal the whole law, and yet point, he is guilty of all." Sin is the conscious and fre gression of the law of God, press opposition to and a co of the Divine Will, a deliberate ins away from God as our End. It is the greatest of cause it deprives God of the due Him, and hinders man's I ment of his eternal distiny. Luther aught that all sins equal malice, and the tween mortal and sins because he erroneously held that  the sm,allest sin contained the I ly poison of concupiscence. conservative i COuncil of Trent. It was also the Roman, which a i teachings was condemned Church kept in use, after the fash-trary to reason and the Sacra ions of the secular world had utterly tures. Reason plarinly changed. They are indeed an ex-there is a clear-cut differ cellent witness of the ,Church's con-itween a sudden outburst of tinu'ity. The clka'gy bf ia modern due to a nervous strain (a Church wears the .dres of the mod-land 'a deliberate sin of ern citizen, ladultry (mortal sin). The fell The priest's vestments are as fol-itexts evidently refer to the ows: l we say we have no sn, we The Amice (ninth century) is an ', ourselves." "In many things Augusta, Georgia 'oblong piece of linen, sometimes em- broidered at its upper edge, placed A TOUCHING INCIDENT over the shoulders. It was originally a hood to cover the head and ears One of the most tounching incid-tin a cold church, or as others main- dents ever witnessed during a Papal lain, a scarf to protect the throat. audiece took place recently in the The AIb was the long, dignified Sala Ducale, where the Liverpool iwhite tunic, wh.ich the Roman wore pilgrims for the H01y Year visit to'under his other clothes The sur- Rome awaited the Pontiff. As the lplice of the priest and the rochet Pope took his place on the throne:of the Bishop is a shortened alb. offend." .... Are there not certain God cannot pardon? Christ speak of the sin a Holy Ghost '*that shall not given in this world or the come?" Does not St. John a "sin into death?" Doe Paul teach that "it is those who were once enli if they shall fall away, his eyes rested on a woman who held The Cincture is a belt or sash of again unto repentance?" in her arms a little girl who seemed white or colored rope wth tassels. No sin is unpardonable, to be suffering from the effects of iT o walk the streets with one's tunic speaking, either by God." or many hours of travel. [loose was Me sign of effeminacy a: Church that forgives in God's In the tense silence the Pope beck- 'i the Romans. God wills all men to be savedi oned the mother to bring the ,child I The Maniple was originally a white ,His mercy is infinite. The co and as the mother knelt with bowed ilinen hankerchief carried in the left sinner ill always be pardoned. orward. hs ohness resisted )n had, or thowtl OVer th let arm, texts brought forward have ref them ascending to the top tep 0fiuse d in touching th e sacred vessels, to the sinner who refuses to re! the throne. Ie theil bnt orward,, Later on it became a mere ornament despite the ffraces God bestowst and as the mother' kelt wih "bowed ] .and was made of colored silk and em- him. Such a one does not the child, and whispering in Italian,broidered receive end's pardon, sid,'"Christ once said, 'Suffer little The Stole was a long scarf (forum) does not ask for it, or fulfils children to come unto me.' " worn by Roman officials and m agis- ditions necessary for He then blessed both mother and child ,and sent them back to their I place among their fellow pilgrims who had stood in amazeent, silent I witnesses of this touching scene, so I eloquent of the Pope's love for little ones. army ,and the. dusky denizens of the wilderness in the flickering lights of the pine torches knelt in simple pray- er in a shadowy forest atop a bluff that after three hundred and ninety two years still looks down upon the turgid flo.od waters of the Juachita ear the present site of Camden. trates when .on dutY. It is used to- day when the priest administers the Sacraments, ,as a badge of authority. The ,Chasuble, the penula of St. Paul, was a large hooded rain-cloak, worn by the Roman soldiers, which we see pictured on Trajan's Column at Rome. Originally a beautiful bell-shaped garment, it has been so cut away snce the fifteenth century as to be almost unrecognizable. The Cope, worn by the priest in processions at Vespers, 'at Benedic- tion, and during the Asperges be- fore Mass, is merely a divided chas- uble, joined with a clasp. The dea- The sin mentioned by our was the wilful rejecti.on by the sees of the miracles He proof of His divine mission, malicious ascribing them to er of Beelzebub, the prince Some of the Fther's Chrysostom) asserts that refers to Baptism, while that it means the sin of itence. The NovatIons of the tury, who limited the don'ing power, were corn Pope Cornelius. St. of them: "They were DeSoto brought nine, priests with FIRST CHRISTMAS IN ARKANSAS him; it is not assuming too much to surmise that at least one accompan- .................... ._ led him as army chaplain We are Tnaz SWmlSU xU<IOr, rxuuxy, w.v i c - - ^ , , , ld End, land the i errata from the dmry of the Gen- ^.:^ ,u._^...^ ,m:f., was still 'truman of Elvas that great crosses emperor oi ....... me om'ain 'hat was ,]were raised and Indians baptized . Christ came to Arkansas almost nother Roman nor holy; Ehzabeth,], , " n zour nundred years ago In the the wrgm queen, was at school a d t . " Sc ts "ust 18 primeval grandeur of the wilderness, poor lvtary, queen .o o , j .......... his' simpm, rough, sinful souls welcomed .nays Oln; ,,uner na nrown . ............. mouse, Him in the way of the soldier and zamous SOie O lnz a nm za ghostly devil and the great Council the savage. He brought peace and of Trent had not yet undertaken its holy labors when the first Christmas .in Arkansas was celebrated. Far from the maddening turmoils courage to the hearts of the Spanish soldiers on one of the greatest ad- ventures in history and t new light and hope to the pagan Indians. In the year of grace 1933 the Christ Child again visits the land modern ornament, dating only from the seventeenth century. con's Dalmatic was an outer tunic, introduced from Dalmatia into Rome in the time of the Diocletian. The subdeacon's Tunicle is a shortened dalmatlc. The distinguishing features of the Bishop's vestements are the rochet (a shortened ,alb) a small and large i cope (mozetta, cappa magna) sandals silkstockings, gloves, the mitre, and the pall, Sum worn only by Archbish- op's. The crozier is a symbol of his authority and jurisdiction, the ring a sign of his betrothal to the Church, and the mitre, a folding cap, corre- sponds to the priest's biretta and the 'pope's tiara. The pectoral cross is a from the Church and' became Our kind Mother, the. Churc]d ceases to be merciful, sins have been committed:" What is meant hy Benediction is  devotion, consists of the singing of adoration before the Blessed ment, exposed upon the The priest puts incense in ible, and waves it three times i direction of the Blessed as a symbol of the people's The hymns usually sung are, alutaris Hostia" and the " Ergo", both composed by St. Aquinas. At the end, the covers his shoulders with a dren in schools than ,our country. Why is it, ,modern: youth is so dif- ferent from the older generation? The homes are no longer Christian nd our schools have so experimented wlth the idea of self-expression of boys and girls their results in char- acter building are almost nil. Our public schools are ready and ,eager to take credit for any virtue in mod- ern youth They must shoulder part of the blame for its degeneracy. That is espec|ally true of the college. We Occidentals can learn much from the ancient ,Chinese classics. au Tzau Chins, the ancient philoso- pher-poet, in the Three Word clas- sics suggests as a cure for the in, discretions of youth, thoroughness and discipline in education. The Chin- ese teacher states it is natural for youth to deteriorate if not trained as above cullS.ned. The ,Catholic ,Church goes even further. It says religious training nust go hand in hand with educa- tion from earliest childhood. Ob- viously the public school cannot do this but they can at least give a thorough training in natural virtues based on self descipline. The churches can forget political bicker- ings for a while and follow the ex- ample of the M!other Church and concentrate on the home. of the maelstrom of politics in Eu- rope, rough soldiers of De Sore's HURRYING ON Across the dancing wave-crest to the shore And on above the purple heathered moor, Sighing gently ever and anon, The coolimg breeze is hurrying on. Across the greenlands and the brown of Along the valley where the hill streams meet, Over where the scorching sun has shone, The cooling breeze is hurrying on. Across the white expanse of chalky down, Among the blackened chimneys of the town, Lighter than the air it flies upn, The cooling breeze is hurrying on. DdSoto found four centuries ago. Ha'again brings His message of peace I The pallium was the poor man's and love; His Blessed Mother still cloak mentioned by Tertullian worn gives us the example of maternal in Rome by those who were not Re- solicitude and sacriflce and St. Jos- man citizens. It was a broad piece eph, His foster father, that of courage , and patience. :1 How changed the scene, for now He comes in beautiful churches with :. i lights and music and all the glory and !grandeur of the Church, but the mes- i sage is the same. We love our Southland a,nd especially our Ar- wheat, kansas. It yeas the first part of the lolder section of the United States to lhear the message of the Gospel. We :. ' believe our Divine Saviour has a spe- cial affecion for the land where the Across each shaded wood and shining lake, : God's sweetest gift of peace within its wake, Eagerly impatient to be gone, The cooling breeze is hurrying on. ,.' Micheal Martin. :.l  of linen, thrown over the left should- er, and brought round in front under the left arm. Part of the white wool in its make-up today is supplied by two lambs, presented annually as a tax by the Canons to the Chapter of iSt. John Lateran's on the feast of St. Agnes. The Pope wears it as a sign of h'is supreme pastoral office and the Archbishop as an earnest of his share in the Pope's plen'ary pow- er. The Popes sent the pallium to the English .Archbishops from the time of St. Augustine to the Refer- feast of His lirth was celebrated so mation as a symbol of thedr union long ago. with Romea solidmrgument against I the Anglican claim of continuity. To ms,re your purchase, read The , , i The Pope s Tiara, a bee-hive papal Guardian and insist on merchandise crown ' Js a non-liturgical ornament, advertmed m our columns x n " worn only in process'o s, and at -- solemn acts of jurisdiction, such as When the soul is distressed or dogmatic decisions. It developed in- cast down, that is not sin in itif, but sin comes in when there is dis- trust in God. There are 5,280 feet in a mile un- less it happens to be on a detour, when it is approximately 23,765 ceet. to the double and triple crown under Popes Bon'iface VIII and' Benedict XII. It as part of the Byzantine court dress, and was first used by the Popes of the eight century. The Roman rite uses six colors to- day for the sacred vestments--white for purity and innocence, red: fr silk scarf, called the takes the monstrance in hi and makes the .sign of the Benediction) over the. ple. The devotion closes singing of Psalm cxvi., or "Holy God, we praise Thy What is meant by Devotion? It is a devotion in Holy Eucharist the people adoration before It for continuously in memory of hours Christ's body remaint ;omb. It begins ad ends emn High Mass procession of the Blessed and the chanting of the the Saints. It orginated in Milan at ,ning of the sixteenth its purpose, according to III was "to appease the God provoked by the Christians, and to the machinations of are pressing forward for tlon of Christendom." It ularized in Rome by St. and St. Inatius, who servance as an act of tlie sins committed' during cal. It was United States by iclt of St. Louis itx I854.