Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
December 22, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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December 22, 1923

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us that nothing is more [ hat Catholic papers T elmuld have ao that every day good read- and warn,,;, and promotes tlle Chris- 'BN]DICTu$, PP.. XV. A Catholic Paper is a Perpetual Mission.- Pope Leo XIII. '*The Guarcfian" in ever3 home---our motte. The Official Organ of the :Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas ' ST. JOSEPH'S. ORPHANAGE D wtTAT j BASIS OF SOCIAL WORK -.....,_____ luntary Effort to lm- Not in "Less No- Legislation.,, . W. News Service) oluntary effort in social conditions is to be achieving it through "the of leglslatmn, Rear S. Benscn,, U. S. national president of the of Catholic Men, tohl of Cattmlic Women ill an lst night. Speaking on Philosophy of Social Benson sketched governing Catholic so- activities, and declared ,l)rlneIples should be made the Possessors of great in- and political power." women never to of service and to their best efforts. Primary Role that the moral and are component parts and that education, opinion, rooted as in spiritual vision, role in maintainingl in directing human I :iplining ambition and promoting social life. Every Catholic is called upon, each in his own circle, to )e a wit- ness to his faith by his deeds, to .,:how forth to the individual or the doubt- ing world, the precious deposit of truth that he possesses by the gift of faith and to show its actual social value in transforming and refining life. "The Church as a divine teacher commends herself, as 1, as a convert well know, through arguments drawn from reason, history all( revelation. But she must also commend herself today as she did in the past, by the types of men and women that she iproduces, by the wholesomeness of their influence, by their outstanding . service to all of the purposes that ennoble life• The Catholic businesg I men, the Catholic professional man, the Catholic teacher, the Catholic statesman, the Catholic employer, the Catholic labor leader the Catholic. in[ the fiehl of charity are all called up-, I on specifically to be missu)naries.. Any one of these who igmres his ob- ligation or is indifferent to it, vio-[ lates the philosophy of Catholic so- [ cial service and robs society no less than the Church of his distinct and[ intended contribution to the peace and refinement of life." I ' PRIEST SLAIN BY CHINESE B0000DITS Missionary Held as Prisoner for I Nearly Three Months Fatally low captives. District Under Him Thrived Father Melotto was born in 1864, at Lonige, near Vienza, ltaly. Ite was director of the Franciscan College in • the province until his ambition for missionary work in China was realiz- ed and he came to ttankow in 1901. He had charge of the work in the Te- lan, Yinghan and Sulehow districts, which thrived under his personality. Only a man of robust health 56uld have endured the har(lship an(1 abuse "I]uring his captivity he tried to save LIVING COSTS TABULATED tim life of everyone but himself. His appeals secured the release of many Chinese captivites, chiefly the oMer BY U. S. DEPT. OF LABPR anti younger ones. His means were divided with his starving Chinese fel- By N. C. W. C. Dept. of Social Action and the entire lack of ordinary con- veniences; insufficient food, inclement weather, long barefoot marches, phy- sical and mental blows. Despite his years, Father Melootto was vigorous. He also was accustomed to the coarse Chinese fare, having discarde dfor- egn modes of ivnig when he entered the mission field. A few (l:ys after he was captured he escaped, but his liberty was short before the bandits overtook him again. Bandits Chased by Troops Chinese troops plodded in pursuit of the bandits. The chase dragge(l along for months, up and down the Yangstze valley. Driving their cap- tives before them, killing those who could not keep up, leaving a wake of burning villages and ravished homes, the bandits moved from one province to another. As they crossed each border the pursuing tro()ps would Benson .... We Wounded Just as Rescuers Over- . ....... to ma" " 1 -ook Hi "'a t , gratmmy rest anti another army a" Ke an employer hu- t s t p ors. would languidly get into action. ung to bis conscience -- - l' On the last day, the troops were .civil law. We much] The ca*ture of Father An-elicus within range One of the coolies car- lore . . v "  ." . " . ., voluntary effort m i m, the chmr of lathm Melotta a n ., Melotto by bandits in the Yangstze "Y g ' .... " ae common pur-'r.n ...... T,,..  .......  ...... .'lwas shot The prisoner stepped out .=r cnan encouzage many similar incidents in lawless l and attempted to keep up wlth hls way of leglslatl°n']'China. His release by these same,lcapt°rs" He could not. Lieu Kwan- we appeal so con- hard-pressed brigands, 81 clays oz I strengthening of mor- hardship and unspeakable abuse, and. istead of rush- his death from a wound, two days la- ter, on September 5, made a story of as others do to 'heroism and patient sacrifice which JuStice, to assure" corn- has seldom been equaled. to life. But our phil- Us to prefer the way of Urged Troops to Fight Bafidits or( when it is possible. "The best way for the good of all we hold that all men is for the Hupeh Government troops Who have strength, in- t make the best fight they can z/rid and above what exterminate the outlaws by defeating their personal, do-'them," he wrote while in captivity to the vicar of the Hankow mission. "As obligations, are of the higher law of to my own safety you should no Wor- t contribute of their ry at all. I am praying that, if it is to the service of the the will of our Lord that my life be are.,, sacrificed forthe good of China, I Commerce from Vice Consul Joh.u E. shall be most glad to respond to Hs Moran, Wellington. Of the 5,440 aliens, more than four-fifths rem-/iined Plower of Faith will. Don't let my safety worry you, I in North Island, where climatic condi- as they must but tell the Chinese military authori- I tions were more to their liking. The : today, Admiral ties to go ahead without hesitation majority of the Syrians, centered in and fight the bandits. It is the only Dunedin, are merchants and manufac- from the region of way to solve the question." turers of clothing, while the Indian of fact and con- Never Suggested His Release follow no particular occupation. Of direct your attention "Though he suffered the most har- the 3,270 Chinese registered, 21' per that confronts us. assing hardships through the worst cent are merchants, 39 per cent mar- World on these di- part of a Hankow summer, Father ket gardeners and 12 per cent laun- tside of the .Catholic Melotto never suggested release: of i derers. The aim of the New Zealand It s our duty himself" writes Peter S Jows, an m 's ] " ' ' x ,government is to enforce the im "- show forth the free American educated Chinese ne vspa str]etm as . ' [' " " : "lgration re. " " n act and prevent faith m ou l a kog to th Chca o " r persona lperman of H n ', e " g t far as possible an undue increase attitudes toward life,I Daily Tribune to and whom is due the ! over the present percentage of any i and relations in' little that is known of the captivity, aliens I lin, one of the chiefs, ran up and fired. The first bullet missed. The second entered his side, passing ,through the stomach and .left hand:. : In a few minutes the soldiers had: picked him up and were carrying him back on a rude stretcher to the hos- pital at Telan. He recovered con- sciousness, but neither complained o: his pain nor of his heartless captors.[ I Few Aliens in New Zealand At present in New Zealand less than one-half of one percent of the popula- tion consists of aliens, according to a recent report to the Department of Washington, D. C.Figures made public by the U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics on wholesale prices throughout the country and on the cost of living in thirty-three cities re- veal prices have gained more since before the war than wholesale prices, that certain items in the family budg- et, such as food, have gained far less than other items, and that there is a wide variation from city to city in the cost of living and in the cost of speci- fic expenses. Wholesale prices in September were 54 per cent above the 1913 level. Re- tail prices increased eighteen points higher than wholesale prices; they had gone up 72 per cent. While I wholeasaie prices were about the same in September 1923 as in Sep- tember 1922, retail prates in contras went up 6 per cent. ", . Particular items of difference be- tween retail and wholesale increases I show greater variations. Increases in wholesale and retail prices of foe, during the year balanced each other almost exactly. Retail prices of fur- niture and furnishings, on the otherl hand, were twenty points higher and wholesale prices only ten points high- er. Cloth anti clothing went up 20 per cent wholesale and 5 per cent re- tail. The retail increases since 1913 in tim various items thatmake up the cost of liivng are on the average as follows: Food 49.3 per cent; cloth- ing 76.5 per cent; housing 64.4 per cent; fuel and light 81.3 per cent; furniture and furnishings 122.4 per cent; and miscellaneous articles 101.1 per cent. Compared with the increase ditions, such as proximity to market, in the cost of food. ch)thin is one anti a rent law, competition between re- a h'-flf times higher, housing one an(t tailers, et.c., are noted in the informa: a third, fuel and light one and two- thirds, nfiscellaneous items two times and furniture two and (me-halftimes. During the past year :food has gone up ten point.% clothing five points, housing three, and furniture and fur- nishing twenty. Miscellaneous arti- cles have rcmaine(l stationary and fuel and light has gone (lown two points. Cities in which the cost of living is above the average are Baltimore, Buf- falo, Chieago, Clevehmd, Detroit, Los I Angeles, New York, Norfolk, Phila- delphia, Denver, Indianapolis Mem- phis, New Orleans, Pittsburgh, St. [Louis, and Scranton. In .Baltimore everything is a little higher than the average in other cities. Boston is kept below by its h)w rents. Buffalo owes its higher cost of living chiefly to fuel and lighting, though all the other items are also a little higher than the average. Chicago rent:s, and prices for food and furniture and furnish- ings put it just above the average. In Clevehmd everything but food is high- er than the average, and fuel and light are especially high. Detroit is the most expensive city to live in. Everything but furniture and furnishings is above the average elsewhere. Rents are very much higher. Los Angeles wouhl be al chea4o city to live in, were it not for I rents and house furnishings. New I York pays high for clothing, fuel mull light house ftrnishings and miscel- laneous articles. Philadelphia prices for food, furniture and furnishings and rent are a little below the aver- age, but fuel and clothing put it over the top. Freakish changes in the cost of liv- ing from city to city, due to local con- tion sent out fro'm the Bureau of La- bor Statistics. If a person could live in Portland, Maine, buy his foe(1 in Savannah, Georgia.: his miscellaneous articles in Portland ,Oregon, his ch)th- . ing in Mobile, Alabama, his fuel and light in the District of Columbia, and his furniture and furnishings in Nor- 'folk, Virginia, his cost of living wouhl be cut in tw(). T ltL RIGHT Sll)E OF A CHURCIt It is strange to observe how few people know which is the right, i. €., the more honorable side of a Catholic church, observes the editor of Our Parish Interests, Our Lady of Lourdea church, N. Y. That is determined by the altar. The right of the altar, i, e., the Gospel side in familiar parlance, is the more dignified. Hence the Bisk- op's throne is placed on that side. This order slould be followed in the nave or aisles on ceremonious occa- sions, deddings, funerals, etc. At the latter the chief mourners shouhl sit below the catafalque on the Gospel side. lll-inofrmed undertakers inva- riably place them in the Epistle side, following the usage of Protestant meeting houses, where there is no a!- tar to dominate the church as the al- tar representing Christ does witl] us. We wish that people employing un- dertakers who are strangers to this church and its ways would instruct them in this elementary matter and that they themselves would observe this point of etiquette when assisting" as mourners at funerals, Montb's Mind or anniversaries• Similarly at weddings are parents aml guests of the bride are given the place of honor at the right of the altar, those of the groom taking the Epistle side. Worth Considering--- SAVING TO BE PROFITABLE MUST BE SYSTEMATIC The Time to Save Money is When One i' Making It Can You Equal the Investment Any Other Way? Illustration showing estimated cost of carrying $1,000.00 of stock to maturity: No. Monthly Total Amount Class Honths Payment Paid Per Value Net Profits "C" _ ....... 42/k $20.00 $850.00 $1,000.00 $150.00 "C" _ ....... 54 & 15.00 817.50 1,000.00 182.50 "A" _ ....... 76 10.00 \\; 760.00 1,000.00 240.00 "B" _ ....... 101 7.00 707.00 1,000.00 293.00 ........ NO EXPENSE ASSESSMENT Members are not limited to $1,000.00 stock; they can take more or lessi of either class, according to their ability or desire to pay; this would not affect the maturity If you have idle money you will find our full-paid stock an Attractive Investment ASSETS MORE THAN $2,500,000.00 It is a pleasure to give desired information Write, Phone or Come to See Us AMERICAN BUILDING AND LOAN ASSOCIATION Of Little Rock, Arkansas Thomas Adams, Business Manager V.C. Adams, Secy-Treas. Thomas Adams Fuel Co. WHOLESALE COAL i i i Shippers of Arkansas, Illinois,, Steam and Domestic ltloal Kentucky Little Rock, Arkansas 329-330:Bankers Trust Building Phones: Local, I-0210--Long Distance, 63 i 8 Itllll[[llllUlllUl$1$111H i lllilllil]IlliltlllLLLnll1ilIliillllLlELllllllli[liilllliiiiLlnlilll1llllllll I IHII$$HHltttlIII$$HI$11111111tIISHH$11111NH$1UIIIIt ' - WILL YOUR CHILD STUDY THRIFT THIS YEAR? THRIFT is the result of training the mind so that the habit of economy and saving is continuous. Many parents are training their children in the science of thrift by letting them conduct bank accounts of their own. Your boy or girl can open an Interest Account with us for as lit- tle as one dollar. This account can be kept open and going with Small deposits made regularly. A valuable habit will thus be molded in youth as a permanent as- set for later years SOUTHERN TRUST COMPANY ;!