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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
December 22, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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December 22, 1923

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]?age 2 GUARDIAN, DECEMBER 22, 1923 [ { Y i ;}' t / [" ]. Publishe,J Weekly by T}IE CATHOLIc PUBLICATION 8OCIETy of the Diocese of Little ]Rock 309 WEST SECOND STREET ff.Ltercd as secod-cla.s matter March 2J, 1512, at the postoffice at Lttle Rock, Ark.. sndcr the Act oi CohEres s of March , 1|79. SUISCR/P'FI()N PRICE, $2.00 THE YEAR CHANGE OF ADDRESS Vl,-tt a ctmne of address i desired the suhlcrib'er should give both ,,.i aml the new addre. , CORRESPONDENCE ,attc lntczlued for u cat )n ill Th " tater tha, Wednesday no- , ...... _e Guardia n should r we,,.., c. fl,e -..,-- ..... ,t*. Jnrmt. ne Corre,,nd- elte.h u l not &EV GEt, IL McDERMO']T .... ............... Mamatint Editor ] I\\;] 'OIIIIUIIIUI tio;$ about '"l'he Ua,4:_ , , . tire Rev. Geo. li MclJr vtt 07 ,,,.,'*n snotfld be address in broader principle. and good-fellowship with all men. The word 'TtAberal" would be more appro- priate to express their present mind; and besides it would not be indicative of antagonism towards their fellow Christians. indeed this writer was present at a meeting dr" Episcopalians, where a highly-educated minister of that derlomination strongly urged the wiping out of the word "Prot- estant" in the name of his church, "For," said he: "We are not now protesting against any other re- ligion." And such, indeed, is the trend of the times. O-O PEACE ON EAi?TH THREEFOLD MASS OF CHRISTMAS many who do, and h'om them will go forth to -Yen. Sister Anne, the offerings of hearts on this hristmas Day, knowing as they do the promi- nent place St. Joseph's holds as one of the worthy objects of community welfare" endevor. It is one of the most refreshing and at the same time one of the most hopeful signs of the times, that there are such frequent ad-ices given by Pro,estate, ministers to their people, to eschew all llti-Catholic cant, as well as all .other cant  which 5s liable to disturb that' harmony SO necessary .["or a community. Protestant ministers in Little Rock have done much towards th! good Christian spirit. Such flinisters are ]ial16 'to' have) the "tr est con ogations, for the av, erageProtestant! " .  re to etel a chfl'rch where he hears' oes not,,ea ,:: -, :nyt]ng;against his neighbor. ,o-o- : rhe word "Protestant" SerVed:its ' purpose at a i Time when 'it was necessary tO get' followers by .appealing to prejudice, but ';;Pr0testant" at this] 'ime does not generally stand for that, for the[ great mass of the non-Catholic Christians believe OVClaL ap VAL- Nineteen hundred years ago the world evident- The Guardian i the official or a PRO [ Pray God that ,t .... g'n of the Dioce.. , ..... Iy had reached the depths of utter degradation ..... ,t. to it y li. '.J"d re!,to,, ,,icl, ,,'afi and darkness, speaking from a moral standpoint, .... ' ...... ay be long and pronperou.. " ...... lOnxe a*een. OIRS.e t,t it, true morality was unkimwn, it is true that Rome, m,ho# . zatt ao even in its pagan days, had introduced many fine - ,.  laws, polished - -A , manners,, and splendid li .. ............................... " me, reece, Egvnt -,..--, e amo  ............ ----'w,--:--=-: .... _ ..... as well as many otho,;,-'-,.  ,a,yJon, Hmflostan, oum unaay or Advent;:' . ,tends many centuri),':" ,:mons W.ose history ex- . tS uClol'e  .. . " -- ------oo have left us me*morialo ^,, ,-he Chz,stmn era, d tho of Christmas; is ..... )b.ildings and sculpt.0000 r c'v, lization in ay oI obligation aald the ..........  a zast,ng.[ beautiful ch ..... -" .... lcla are exouisit,, hibited even t: ,--, .7 m Imsti meat is pro-! ; .... :._.,. ,-,,rag to behold; but ,-,-- " .... . .. -- aose who are wor-;--- - ,,tlutry Into their moral -* ...... "'--- we see( /:avored ordinarily by special ....... ,mg- Who are t/cally little " a-uaras, we find nrac .... nuUlt; ' , r.-- 0 Commend ar  . " ," ' - ':.. The human heart was 'lle:U"., uch to condemn. ay--the' , ........ . . )was',. s/reply of . , -- u wltrta.. . rob,lion tl , 'uesd vior The (:h,.o+... , o t)u.r ,ord and Sa-! ther,, ........ earth. Outsiae the . .... -,_ m -.. .......  .... u, wml ts manger, th .h, I  ,:-s .o conception of th ...... ,n race . o.are supremely negligent in' all that is ess": men could engage in, an ' ,- t enterprise that )., tae!r eternal welfare; yet who hope tobe was the Roman genera? who,P:.te1! of mortals cues to the Church of .God at the last too-campaign, brought so , . _  a successful plynecSU:htPers:ns.^decel, v e not...God; they sire- ;?,Rome..tied to hs..-% dt:fea:d ^ e, apt, les i. . . .. .... cve. ney should remember .,ancy oI his exploits, v  .e oru- me swim warning: "Yo shall Seek Me; you shall t Devoid of Ch-;stian teachin s " not find Me; you shall die in your sins ing in his posiiion c;u  g' what human be- 3-0:' , "_ ' :._ . ' " ld/'eel otherwise thud ...... ,I Hi SUCh a mornent ,m, ..... --- v-',uu, -,,rye uays were spent outside I American common sens6,' n easily analyze the he walls of Rome before entrance was allowed, farcical bogy story that the i%pe intends to live in for the great city spent that time in. the proper the United States, and rule the country with an l preparation for iron rod. But there arehose W'bo are devoid or receiving the conquering hero.  Inside the the sense of honesty, and spend fl4ir time in such walls intense excitement and enthusi- lugubrious harrangues. They ceceive only those iasm resigned. Everything done - .-," ,:, .," his am, i/t T^ -- - . was in honor or" who live far from populous centes, and who are 1 . ,, uln ana bustle were heard out- deprived of contact with Catholics, or with prop- I erly-informed persons. O-0 ' '  -- The late Archbishop irel.and waS"very popular among non-Cathohcs and, epecmlly among Pro- testant mmmters, though a very small minority of them seemed o be unable yt0 'ree themselves from narrowness of soul: : S'h' men laid traps ,'or hm so as to sever the good eltmns existing ' " ' ' '  ''"'" '  t le between the Archbishop a ]ibes a.n c "gy- men; and while he could no,t'iicate,stch persons, he held the.broad,minded ,Pixlttn:.clergymen in No wonder war was defied through the world, the highest esteem to the e'd of,.hi life. o-o ........ ,and fih it was at a time when the Expected of 'all )latiohs"took flesh and dwelt amongst us." it ,Severya slngularscientficCOmmentai:y3;,. ;/ n human tonatUreuses At midnight, 1923 years ago, a strange hymn inw,'':L'o,,,/B d was heard in the heavens. Some shepherds, tend- that of human slaughter, or wia:eii.l[/'war. Before] ing their flocks, were frightened: by the sight of .the late great war broke out, ib.was.a popular an angel surrounded by a brilliant light, who told theme with the editors of theLbigLtlailies, as well them tofear not, and then declared to them that as magazine writers, to thl i, .: 1,  it6-, means for', the MesSiah, so long expected was born in Beth- human slaughter were . .v.,terEle:. .,,,.hat..,:,war would t lehem, the city of David. Then burst forth a song not be declared by civilized.laai0ns..: I the nidst the world before had never heard, nor has it since a)f such philosophizing the,.,great.,ulcel' which had then. : It was sung by a choir of angels, and its been fed by,the evil passion:s,.of men, burst forth,  burden was. and every scientific invent i0t of ears did its. :lory to God ill the hi,ghest and on earth, truly present "The Lord Jesus Christ, the' 0fily- I part in the horror of its Wbr.  .'- T,i,, [ e __ .... o.0'""": __ "'"'  p to men of good will " It was Welt that il begotten Son of God born of the Father before all Do not forget the little ones up on Belmont Hill[ was to the God-fearing shepherds the great an-I ageg,, .God of God, Light of Light, true :God of I :--the poor children at'St Joseph's Orphanage.I nouncement Was delivered,, tbr outside of the sim-i true God, begotten not made, consubstantial with '" ' " * 1 " .Make the,r Chrmtmas the happiest ever. As P e people who led such worthy hves, the message the Father." And as in heaven He is unceasingly Cathohcs we know and reverence the Benedmtme would have been unapprecmted, ff not repelled, adored and praised in love and happiness by "An- Sisters who are mothering 162 of them. ' i God's chosen people, .living in the paths of recti- gels, Archangels, Thrones and Dominations, Prin- Others do not seem to appvec the great I rude, were the ones selected to hear it; the mes- I cipalities and Powers, Virtues of the heavens, work of St. Joseph s Orphanage hut. there are' sage which was so utterly opposed to the human Cherubim and Seraphim, Patriarchs and Proph- [heart'of the time; the message which though so ets, Holy Doctors of file Law, Apostles. all the t earth, has Christian Martyrs, ttoly Confessors, Virgins of opposed by all he evil influences on done more for e harmp,ny of peoples and indi- the Lord, Auchorites and all Saints," so on earth viduals than the world seems t,o visualize, we favored ones pour forth our love and praise to t[ Most seasonably came to ha,nd for Chr,stmasl l'ead/ng, the December issue of Emanuel, the i monthly organ of the Priests' Eucharistic League. { Its contents carry the impress of a Bethlehem 1 offering for devout souls, who in season and out of season, hold the Mass and the Tabernacle as a perpetual Crib, but who are most lovingly attach- ed to tim Masses of Christmastide. This year, Very Rev. Monsignor J. L. J. Kirtin of Philadelphia holds the fore-page of Emanuel! with an appealing paper on "The Threefold Mass of Christmas." From it, with due courtesy, we reprint this most adequate prelude: ,,  ) [he great sun that blesses our world with life- giving light and heat is a symbol of the Holy Mass it so radiantly heralds l he self-same sun each morning rakes day for the world, yet each rising has its own fresh and new beauty in delightful and ever-varied colors that tinge the clouds and mountain tops. Every morning Our Lord's Body and Blood are offered in Holy Mass, the self-same sac:ifice as Cah cry for the sins of the world, yet each Mass has its own new and fresh beauty in the Introit, Collects, and prayers of the day's feast and the intention of the priest. hese mark with ever-varied color the Mass tha makes the day for the Church. Each day's feast is like a Laaiful mantle which me Church wraps about t,e rvs (a swaddling ch)th of love) on the altar of out" Bethlehem--our House of Divine Bread. Because each iass is Bethlehem again, and each altar, however costly and splendid, is but a manger to the Eternal God, when the wheel of the year turns to Christmas Day the Church gives every priest the privilege of offering three Mass- es, so that as a day of days the anniversary of Our Lord's birth may be fittingly celebrated. Lest, however, a threefold offering of even the Holy Mysteries should be monotonous, Holy Church with the artistry that marks her every act enfolds the Christmas Masses in a triple veil. The first of the three is celebrated at midnlgJlt and commemorates the Eternal Birth of the Sec- ond Person of the Blessed irinity; the second, at daybreak, commemorates the Birth of Our Sa- viour in the stable at Bethlehem, and the third, in the nmrning hours, His Mystic birth in our hearts. The Triune God is described by Dante in his heavenly vision like "three circles glorious 'ith tinspeakable beauty as of three rainbows within the deep and luminous substance of the high . ]ights." The devout soul before the altar on asm reined. Everything done was in honor or[ Christmas Day sees beyond the lights and flowers the erect head, the dark eyes flashing with the the singing and incense, and the rhythmic move- t side, and we can imagine the heart palpitating, men,s of.the priest, and as far as human mind can very summit of human pride, as the returning comprehend the feeble force of human words de- conqueror awaited the moment when ae should t scribing the indescribable, his faith conj.ures for enter Rome. And when he did,,what shouts renthim the vision of the Eternal Generation of the the heavens; shouts that were heard along the Second Personof the Blessed Trinity, The sonor- banks of the Seine, the Rhne) (the Thames, and l ous wbrds of the Introit of the first Mass : "Filius reachedt0 the base of the .Grampian Hills, echoed[ neus es tu; ego hedie genui re" (Thofl'':arf ' 'my by th:0ma n legions whose eagles were spread son. this dayhave I begotten thee, Psalm ii.'7i, over civilization. : 'are a magician's ' wand that summon before his mind the eternal day that can be measured by no: mortal law. The mind reels as it tries to under- [stand the idea of the Omnipotent Deity, One God in Three Divine Persons, equal to and distinct from each other, without begirning as without cad, existing always, each Divine Person true.God and 'yet not three Gods, but One undivided and , invisible Faith suffices and We will not try: ,to penetrate the mystery. It is enough that God has revealed to us the fat and our intellect bows in assent as our bodies bow in adoration of the Sa- creel ttost in the Mass, knowing that under the lowly appearance of bread and wine is really and Him in the sweetness o f the Clristmas Mass an- War, it is true, has not yet ceased, but in hearts tic,paling the joyful day when we, too, shall see of men of good will thele is always peace, "that l Him face to face and ,know Him even as we are peace Which the world cannot give." Let the known. world make war as it w411, yet at least, the seed oll peace was sown in the Angel's declartion, and public sentiment today holds human slaughter in horror. In the ancient days war was heaven; to- day war is declared hell; and this is an omen that in God's good time, war will cease tO be. The tree was planted nineteen hundred years ag9:. AmidSt the struggle between Right and Wrong through the centuries, we can discern the progr0ss of Righ.$'s success; and With the eyes ot Faith we can confidently look ' fb{vagd"6 u the time when "Peace on earth to men of good will" shall extend to the entire inhabitants of the world, providing men act in accordance wi,th God's will. Let this be the burden of our Christian thoughts. D. EDITORIAL BROADCASTS LIBERTY WITH RESTRAINT college can use to its fullness the special and talents of each teacher and at the hold him so in check that he will not hinder the work of his fellows.--Wester Quincy, Ill. DON'T WASTE TIME The young are likely to fall into the rot that all their leisure time is to some kind of amusement. Part of this ly precious and valuable time, they member, is intende for self-im fords them the opportunity to cation and to add to it some finer man's education is not ended until and, unfortunately, too, frequently it finished then.--4The Standard and delphic. The success of Catholic colleges lies in the spirit of the rel!gious commiinity. They can gie to each OUR DUTY Hardly any Catholic lay person on an inquiring mind to Catholici few but may cause non-Catholics to est enquirers. Among casual acquai will always be found some who will religion; and a few little wordsit is how God speeds their Catholic n honest, non-Catholic's heart As associates, those who work constantly those whose neighborhood compels familiarityto such as these religi0 made an occasional topic. There in such things as neighborhood, which' obedience; the rule of brotherly love ed by such opportunities. A very draw a soul /.nto the Church if we do div/ne lesson. Catholicism nowadaYS i to be, of an alert and watchful [west Review, Winnepeg, Canada. QUESTION Rev. John J. Laux Q. Would you please tell me the origin of the Gloria in ExcelsiS composed as a Christmas hymn? used at Mass? I' . -4 .... The,.Gloria ,also called the because the first sentence was gel choir on the first Christmas lation o a very unclear Creek possible to say when or by whom posed. Liturgists tell us that it is "private psalms" written and sung ]oag before hymns in regular posed. Some of these Private psalms are still They are written in short verses, lik of the Bible, divided into halves, play a certain amont of best known and finest of all ria in Excels@. ...: The Gloria is first met withi St. Athanasius on Virginity, as prayer. We find it also in one of uscripts of the Bible, the so-calle d'( andrinus (5th cent.), where it is evening hymn and a prayer again, in the Apostolic Constitutions where the wording is slightly In the Eastern Church the GlOria formed part of the morning serv ice''l ing to our Lauds. No Eastern Mass itself. The Latin translation of the Gloria ed to St. Hilary of Poitiers who the East in the year 360 and no it sung there. It seems that at first the Gloria at the Masses on Christmas Day. also sung n all Sundays and the Mart.yrs. A curious fact connected in the liturgy ofthe West is, that was sung only at Bishops' Masses. enth century priests were allowed on the day of their ordination and day. Since the twelfth century bishops say it of all Sundays and cept in Advent and Lent and the 'Innocents. That it should be said natural enough, because in its preS Gloria is a hymn to the BleSsed professor that (h::'ge f0r which'"he'is bst fi:tted justras fiatural that it should and withinjfis,D,k.oe sphere aii0w im:,fUlii'ein. ' vent an d.Len t and at all. Requiem: .... ' " ,"" ' ..... ' counto sjoyful character . By the spirit of super.natural obedience he.knows :  his place and his limitations and through that hu- t To A.B. A question igned A..B mility which is the handmaid of all virtue he as- ] ceived. If the writer will kindly pires to nothing more than what is expressed inful I name and address, we will the will of his superiors. In this way the C'atholicpersonal letter