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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
December 18, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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December 18, 1920
 

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b us that nothing is more de" ! papers and i Lave ai trge . that one rna " :ood ling whic ! ns, and strengthens i the Christian virtues. "3, PP.. XV. ! t_ The Official Organ of the DioceSe of Little Rock, Arkansas [ A Catholic Paper i'sa [ | Perpetual Missionm [ 1 Pope Leo XIII [ | 'The Guardian" in | I every home---our Motto. i y 10 Little Rock, Arkansas, Saturday, December 18, 1920 Number 27 MISSIONS TO BE WORLD WIDE Of Recent Unifica- States Missions-- in New York and Chi- Sunday." W. C. News Me, wiPe.) Dec. 13.--The full im- significance of the reor- L of the Catholic Missions week at Cincinnati wi:l l by Catholie some explanation. few Catholics knew, for in the United Stas the for missions was the hands of societies having the approval of authorities, nevertheless part of its corporate ex- in a very gene{'a] the direction of it States Mission or- not only are bvought un- of the Hierarchy, co-ordinated, with the AMERICA RESPONDING TO THE APPEAL FOR GERMAN RELIEF Representatives of German Bishops Visiting United States Seek Help for Strickened Countries. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Washington, D. C., Dec. 13.--Al- ready American Catholics have re- sponded generously to the appeal made by the Rev. Fathers H. J. Bruening, F. Schlatter and D. Wien -i hold, who are touring the United States to obtain help for the suffering priests, nuns and children of Ger- many. Father Bruening and his com- panions were sent to Aemrica as the representatives of the German bish- ops. They have visited many different communities in the eastern section of the United States. Special Diocesan Collections. Cardinal Gibbons is giving the most cordial support to this effort in behalf of the German Catholic clergy, relig- ious and little ones. His Eminence has addressed a letter to members of the American hierarchy urging them to of other countries make proylsion for special collections jurisdiction of an in their respective dioceses to assist board selected by thelthe German sqfferers. The Cardinal has suggested also that Americans speaking, the great mis- make Christmas gifts to the German in America were: the priests and religious. Extension Society, of est of the home mis- and the Society for the of the Faith, of New of the Foreign Mis- Various other societies interests. Thus, in Washington had ,-md of fostering American aborigines. in particular, a its office in New Always Helped. Church in America has an aid to missions in a than through the send- and teachers; 'It to say that "there arc twenty-five American's fiehi of Catholic Mis- t-the Church in the Unit- "l low gving the largest to the support of money collected, how- invariably come effms of semi-private Co-ordinate . Missions. months ago the the Catholic Church in in Washington, plans for the co-ordi- :,issionary efforts of the with the idea of ?Various organizations in- the government themselves. For the this they consisting of of Cincinnati ann on Page 6) Mass Intentions Helpful. Father Bruening points out that priests may help the poor clergy of Germany with mass intentions, and believes the Catholic people of this country would gladly concur in that method if they knew of it. The church extension, society of Chicago offered to receive and send to Germany any stipends that the Catholic priests here donate. Clergy, Nuns and Children Suffer. At a meeting in South Bethlehem, Pa., a few days ago, 1000 people heard Father Bruening descbe the terrible plight of the clergy, nuns and children of Gernmny. Fifteen hundred dollars was collected at the meet{ng. This [money was apportioned among the committees representing Germany and Austria and the Friends'Service Com- mittee. Following the meeting in South Bethlehem, Father Bruening and Baroness yon Rast, who is gath- ering funds for the starving people of Austria, addressed the Catholic Women's Alliance of Philadelphia. The Alliance appointed a committee to raise money with which to purchase food and clothing for distribution in Germany and Austria. Stories Fall Short. In his letter to the Bishops Cardi- nal Gibbons explains that the saddest stories of the desperate conditions in Germany and Austria fall short of picturing the actual situation. Thous- ands of the people of those countries --including priests and nuns will die of disease and privations if assistance is not promptly afforded them, His Eminence says. National Collection to ltelp Starving Children of Europe AMERICAN RELIEF WORI( MUST BE CONTINUED TO CONSERVE THE HEALTH AND IN MOST CASES SAVE THE LIVES OF MILLIONS OF CHILDREN. Herbert Hoover, as Chairman of Relief Council, Personally up- IIRISH BISHOPS' SUGGESTIONS FIND FAVOR IN ENGLAND London Times Says They Can Be Re- jected at Great Peril--Truce of God Hopeful. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) peals to Bishop Morris for His Support, Who in Turn Appeals London, Nov. 23.--There is every to the Priests and People of the Diocese--Strickened Poland, ................ 1 "n He rt of the Hol l presen: mmcauon, na me Arcnmsn- Austria and Germany Hold P ace 1 a Y Io, of Tuam i ....... ;c, . 'r ..... f Father, " he Endorses the American Rehef Work. God made a most sagacious and con- ---- P MORRIS ,structive act of statesmanship It is HOOVER PRESENTS CAUSE TO BISHO 0 hat rink for " Js mew ' y any journalist to EUROPEAN RELIEF COUNCIL I ' write from this side with any sort of Herbert Hoover, Chairman. hopefulness on the Irisl situation; for 42 Broadway, New York City. Dec. 3, 1920. Rt. Reverend John B. Morris, D.D., Bishop of Little Rock, St. Andrew's [ Cathedral, Little Rock, Ark. Right Reverend Bishop: I take the liberty of presenting to you personally and directly the cause of the unfortunate children of Europe because I know it is a cause which needs but to be stated to enlist your powerful support. As head of the American Relief AdminiStration it has been my privilege to direct the work of American relief in the stricken central countries of Europe. This work has been done on a most extensive scale; through Ameri- can feeding stations wc have been able to conserve the health and in most cases save the lives of millions of children. NECESSARY TO CONTINUE. I had thought that our workmight have been discontinued before this, but various misfortunes, such as continued warfare and the failure of crops added to the painful slowness of the return of normal governmental function- ing in the afflicted countries, ha made it necessary and urgent that American relief work should be continued for another year, after which time it is my belief that the people of these countries--Poland, Austria and Germany-- will be able to care for their own children. Certainly they cannot now do so, and the prospect of a severe winter adds an element of horror to a situation already overburdened with misery of child-s:ffering, THIRTY-TIIREE MILLIONS NEEDED. Thirty-three millions of dollars is needed to maintain the extensive work already under way, to nourish and medically care for some three and a half million children who are starving and diseased. None of this relief goes to adults, other than women in childbirth. It is all absolutely necessary for the children if they are to be saved and not permitted to perish in the teeth of the most deplorable famine that human folly and tragedy have ever brought to Europe. ALL WELFARE AGENCIES COMBINE. To render all-embracing the appeal for the children of Europe, we have effected a combination of the country's leading relief and welfare agencies. he American Relief Administration, the American Red Cross, the American Society of Friends, the American Jewish Relief Committee, the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America, the Knights of Columbus, the Young Men's Christian Association and the Young Women's Christian Asso- ciation have formed, through selected executives, the European Relief Council of which I have te honor to be Chairman. COLLECTION EXTENDS THROUGH HOLIDAYS. It is in this capacity that I write to ask ou, Right Reverend Bishop, for your support. The Knights of Columbus have generously co-operated with us to the extent of aligning their national organization with our work. Their Supreme Knight, Mr. James A. Flaherty, is a member of our Council. It is at their suggestion that I am writing to you to solicit your endorsement of the national collection for the children of Europe that the European Relief Council is instituting' to begin on December 19th and extend through the Christmas Holidays. We realize that many demands have been made during the past few years on the charity of the people of your diocese, but we are certain that with your aid your people will realize the urgency and tragic necessity of the work undertaken by the European Relief Council. BISHOP'S ENDORSEMENT SOLICITED. Would it be possible for you to have placed before the people of the parishes in your diocese the substance of this appeal on Sunday, December 19th ? Your endorsement of this movement, I am sure, will be a substantial factor towards its success. His Holiness Pope Benedict XV has blessed this work. For your informa- tion I attach a copy of his letter regarding it. I know of no more worthy or urgent call to the hearts of the American people. I am, Right Reverend Bishop, more often than not by the time the words are read in America a new and appalling blunder has been committed, and the position is more hopeless than ever before. Catholic Hierarchy Influential. But as things are at present, it ap- pears that Dr. Gihnartin has started a train of thought that has been taken up and approved in widely varying circles, and it may well be that politi cal salvation will come by the Catholic Hierarchy. The Archbishop of Tuam's suggestion has been followed by at least three important episcopal pro- nouncements that undoubtedly lead in the direction of peace. The first of these was the call of Cardinal Bourne for the widest possible measure of Irish self-government. The Cardinal's statement was followed by an impor- tant statement made to the corres- pondent of the London Times by the Bishop of Cork, which was followed by a no less weighty pronouncement by the Bishop of Ross. Mgr. Kelly. London Times in Favor. One very striking feature of these )renouncements by the Archbishop of Tuam and the Bishops of Cork and Ross, is to be found in the editorial comment of the Times on these con- tributions of the Irish prelates tow- ards Irish peace. The Times has al- ready brushed aside as unworthy of consideration by persons of intelli- gence, the suggestion that the Catho- lics of Ireland, as a whole, can be said to have any leanings towards Bolshev- lsm--a charge that was brought against the Catholic Sinn Feiners. This journal now goes on to say that "the Archbishop of Tuam, whose opin- ion on Irish matters is, to our mind, more likely to be truly informed than that of any British Minister, plainly believes that initiative rests with the Government, and that, if they will move, a settlement can be reached." Peril in Rejection. Again, in a later editorial, the Times clearly expresses the opinion that the weighty considerations of the Irish Bishops can be rejected only with great peril. "The Prime Minis- ter" the Times says, "disregarded the recent Irish Peace Conference, pre- sumably because he did not believe that it spoke for Ireland. Can he as lightly disregard the voice of leaders among the Roman Catholic Hierarchy, or fail to understand how powerful CHANT FOR THE PRIESTS. day of Christmas, O Thee, rich is Thy love, be; land and a race servitude known, art Lord of the and peers gold-stirruped heels Try generous sun a cave-like cabin for us, 0 Lord Wondrous ways, out to Lazarus blame or praise. to ask, 0 Lord, shall rule the western Israel Thy sight, mystic Bethlehem, lClerold's laws, and myrrh and the cause, race, O' Lord, the righteous applause. --John Locke. . Have Claims on Us. "Germany and Austria have claims upon us," the Cardinal wrote. "Amongst the very best Catholics in our country are those of German de- scent--people who have the viewpoint of the Church Universal; who have not only supported their own parishes, but whose generosity to missions, to education, and to the works of mercy Respectfully yours, HERBERT HOOVER, Chairman, European Relief Council. BISHOP MORRIS ENDORSES WORK OFFICIALLY. Upon receipt of the above letter, Bishop Morris ordered that his official endorsement be published in The Guardian. I-Iis letter to the priests and people of the diocese may be read on page four of this issue. Announcement of the relief collection will be made in all the Churches on Sunday, December 19. He urges the collections be taken up on some Sunday in January. is well known to us all. I POPE BENEDICT XV RECOMMENDS CHAIRMAN HOOVER'S WORK TO Formerly Helped America. "Austria established a Society in AMERICAN GENEROSITY. the pioneer days of the American Church, which gave millions of crowns to help American bishops and priests build churches and schools in this new land. There are still priests, especial- ly in the Central States, who remem- ber the work that the Leopoldine So- ciety did, with the encouragement of Austrian Catholics. We were hungry for the things that feed the spirit. Now they are hungry for the things that are needed to sustain life and give a" small degree of bodily comfort during the bitter winter. We cannot turn from them. The holiest obliga- tions require us to come to their as. sistance. BENEATH THE MISTLETOE She sat beneath the mistleto Without the slightest fear; She felt no wild, glad tremor, the She new he lingered near; She sat there calm, and unafraid. And sleepily he yawned, for they'd Been married for a year. Ir. Herbert Hoover, Washington, D. C. My dear Mr. Hoover: Through Our beloved son the Cardinal Archbishop of Baltimore, We have been again informed of the truly wonderful and providential work that you are still carrying on to meet the grave and mani- fold needs from which Europe is suffering through lack of food. The splendid services you have already rendered in this regard, which assure you without doubt an abiding place in the history of Christian charity and give you an unique title to the gratitude of people, fill Us alike with heartfelt satisfaction and consolation at the prospect of the great good that will thus accrue tc the needy multitudes of Europe. REMEMBERS RELIEF WORK IN BELGIUM. We have learned that you are now devoting your timely and earnest en- deavors in a special way in behalf of the suffering little ones. What you did to succor the helpless children of Belgium at a time when the utter lack of proper food threatened their frail lives--all this is still fresh and living in Our memory. At that time We were moved to lift up Our voice in praise of your noble initiative, and We are all the more disposed to do so now in view of the fact that it is no longer a question of saving the lives of the children of one nation alone but rather, as We are credibly informed, of three million children belonging to various nations of Europe. SURE OF AMERICAN RESPONSE. Urged on, therefore, by the charity of Christ, and sharing as We do in His special love for the little ones, We recommend your present work as strongly and earnestly as may be to the generosity of all American citizens irrespective of creed or party, and We feel assured that they whose hearts are always open to every worthy appeal, will gladly respond to this one with (Continued on page 8) might be their advocacy of any pro- posals which met with their approv- al?" Such statements as these, made in so powerful a journal as the Times, show that at least the mental hori- zon has considerably altered, even since the early part of 1918 when the same Times burst into invective against the Irish Hierarchy over the question of Conscription in Ireland. Some Lords are Patriotic. Curiously enough Dr. Cohalan, the Bishop of Cork, looks not to the House of Commons but to the House )f Lords for a proper consideration of the Irish question. The Bishop says: "On what is my hope founded? Well, though it may appear paradoxical when speaking of Ireland, on the House of Lords. There are many of the Irish Lords, besides other Union- ists of the industrial, commercial, and landed classes, who believe that the Union is doomed, and who are patri- otic enough to wish for a good settle- nent of Ireland." Support From Unexpected Sources. The Archbiskop of Tuam's proposal |or a Truce of God has found support in circles that might be looked upon as totally unexpected. For instance, the Protestant Bishop of Birmingham writes to the press to say "Let us de- clare a Truce of God and produce a bold and well considered scheme which has been thought out by a really rep- resentative conference of Irishmen ] and of those who know Ireland. I beg, [therefore, for a Truce of God, and I I ' (Continued on Page 5) !WELFARE COUNCIL'S WORK EXPLAINED TO THE ROMANS Bishop Guertin Gives a Notable Inter. terview to An Italian Paper-- , Reliance of American Church On the Faithful. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Rome, Dec. ll.--Right Revo George A. Guertin, Bishop 'of Manchester, N. H., in an interview published in the Corrierc d'Italia and reproduced in other leading Catholic newspapers of Italy, has given Italian Catholics, in- cluding the highest dignitaries of the Vatican, a graphic account of the work being done by the National Catholic Welfare Council in promot- ing the interests of the Church in America. The interview has been re- ceived with every sign of apprecia- I tion. Cardinals and other important personages in Rome have warmly waised it. Bishop Guertin's Interpretation. As originally published in the Cor- riere d'Italia Bishop Guertin's inter- view was, in part, as follows: "In their organization the Catholics of the United States have sought a double object--that of intensifying the spiritual life, and that of creating and supporting the material institu- tions which are its expression and nec- essary consequence. The life of our Catholic people has attained a devel- opment and an intensity most com- forting and promising. One has but to see in our parishes the loyalty of the faithful to the Church, their fre- quentation of the sacraments--men and women, young and old--to appre- ciate the fervor, the conviction and practical reflex of their religious con- sciousness. "In the United States we have found our ourselves in a position quite different from that of the Catholics of Europe. The inheritance of the past that prepared for the Church-- through the accumulation of ecclesi- astical patrimony and the cooperation of the civil authority--a safe exi/t- once free from dependence on the fu- ture, was not at the disposal of Amer- icans. People Provide. We, therefore, have been olfliged to create for the Church her material foundation and to provide for her ma- terial needs. The conviction that it is our duty to support the Church if we are to profit by her ministry, is felt by every one in America. Wherever the Catholic population increases and (Continued on Page 3) CHRISTMAS. By. John Greenleaf Whittier .. Sound over all waters, reach out from all lands, The chorus of voices, the clasping of hands; Sing hymns that were sung by the, stars of the morn, Sing songs of the angels when Jesus was born! With glad jubilations Bring hope to the nations The dark night is ending and dawn has begun; Rise, hope of the ages, arise like the sun, All speech flow to music," all hearts beet as one l Sing the bridal of nations, with chor- als of love, Sing out the war vulture and sing in the dove. Till the hearts af the eople keep time in accord And the voice of the world is the voice of the Lord! Clasp hands of the nations In strong gratulations; The dark night has ended and dawn has begun; Rise hope of the ages, arise like the sun, All speech flow in music, all hearts bea as one! Blow, bugles of battle, the marches of peace; East, west, north and south, let the long quarrel cease, Sing of glory to God, peace to men o good willl Hark, joining in shorus, The heavens bend o'er us! The dark night is ending and dawn has begun; Rise, hope of the ages, arise like the I sun, . And speech flow to music, all hearts beat as one!