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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
December 17, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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December 17, 1943

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY Of the Diocese of Little Rock. Arkansas 3091/s WEST SECOND TREET Etered as second-class matter March 21. 1911,  the post office at Little Reek, Arkansas. under the Act of Congress of Marcb 8, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 the year OFFICIAL DwOCESAN ORGAN k The Guardian Is the official orsan of the Diocese of Little Reck and I pray God that it may he an earnest champion of the cause of right, Justice end truth end an ardent defender of the religion we a|| love 80 well. i extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its career may be long and prosperous. J4 JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Reeds. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph, D. BUSINES6 MANAGER All eomlnnleatlons about The Guardian must be handled through the Business Manager, mud all mutters 'intended for publicnth>n should reach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST Business and Editorial Office. 800 West 2nd. Telephone |480 SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture Service--Knights of Columbus of Arkansas Little Rock Council, No. 812 22.0@ pnraWoltld i..4mllecl|. No. 1713 ............. Fort Smith Council, No, 096 ............................ 122.00 Pocahontas Council No. 2443 ................................... 17.00 Blythevilie-Oaceola Council, No. 2157 ....................... $12.00 Texarkena Couucll No. 2650 ................. Pine Bluff Council No. 1153 ........................................ 22.00 Stuttgart-Slovactown Council, No. 2780 ................. 12.00 Jonesboro Council, No. 1702 ............... Helena Council, No. 1770 ................................................... 17.00 DECEMBER 17, 1943 "H by liberty o/the press, we understand merely the liberty of discussing the propriety of public measures and political opinions, let us have as much of it as you please; but if it means the liberty of af- fronting, cMumniating and defaming one another, I own myself willing to part with my share of it when- ever our legislators shall please to alter the law; and shall cheerfully consent to exchange my liberty at abusing others for the privilege of not being abused mvself."--Franklin. TOWARD PEACE As the day for celebrating the birth of the Prince of Peace approaches, as we prepare to hear again the angelic choir sing- ing of "peace on earth to men of good will," it is a saddening thought that through the ugly designs of men not peace, but war, is over a large part of the world. God has willed peace, and has established the means by which it may' be enjoyed; blind, impious men have chosen war and have engulfed thou- sands, millions, of men, women and children in its effects. It is a strange war: utterly lacking in glamor or passion, repug- nant to most of those engaged in it; its purposes only vaguely understood and therefore the cause of deep foreboding. It is a war of suspense and planning, its real meaning so veiled in secrecy that it could break loose tomorrow in an infernal cataclysm that would sweep civilization from its foundations or it could pass off in a settlement based on the show of force that has thus far been made. The possibility that the war may be stopped from going further, that reason may again prevail, is still a strong alterna- tive; and that such a situation exists means only one thing to the Christian: that he should pray that peace, a just peace, may be restored without further destruction of life. Surely at this Christmas season it is proper that heaven should be stormed with appeals for peace that those in whose hands lies th choice as to whether men are to kill each other or are to live in Christian neighborliness may be brought to see the light. "To men o'f good will" peace was promised; if we are men of good will we shall show it by praying for peace throughout the world; by laboring in our own midst for the justice upon which peace must rest. This should be our contribution, and it can be a mighty one, toward the peace which the Savior came to bring to the world; unless we make that effort, in all sincerity, Christ- as will be lacking what should be its real meaning. ,.. CHRISTMAS IN THE RECTORY ' This next will be the busiest weekend of the year for your pastor. He'll spend Friday morning over in the church super- vising construction of the crib. There will be the big'frame- work of the stable to be brought out of storage, and all kinds of heavy statues to be put in place. Then the church will have to be trimmed and the altar decorated. He'll have to get in evergreens, trees and garlands and poinsettias, and everything God provides in green and red for Christmas. Then comes an hour or so for reading his breviary and preparing the Christmas announcements, appointing ahar-boys and ushers--and then, at three o'clock the confessions begin. If it is a tiring ministry, it's also a colasoling one. The faithful come in crowds with large numbers of black sheep, stirred by the grace of the season, to slough off the accumulated wickedness of years. The crowd presses until supper, when Father must leave the confessional like Our Lord stepping into the boat on the Sea of Galilee to find some little rest from His eager followers. At seven o'clock he is back. After a few hours, the lines begin to thin out and by nine-thirty the church is empty. Father has a breathing spell until eleven, when the church is thrown open for Midnight Mass. What happiness he has then, repeating the tidings of great joy, creating a new B.ethlehem on the altar, before his people, and then bringing to each one, personally, the Prince of Peacel He may not have breakfast after this Mas; there are two Masses to be offered next morning. You may know that he is very tired by the time he has offered all of his Christmas Masses and finished the glowing prayers of the Divine Office. But the rectory is a lonely place on Christmas Day. It is one day on which Father realizes most keenly the sacrifice he has made for the sake of his ministry in giving up a family of his own. There are no children in the rectory. All over the world priests will be having that same Christ- mas,---confessions without number, and millions of Holy Com- munions. If your boy is in the service, comfort yourself in the THE GUARDIAN, DECEMBER 17, 1943 knowledge that you can hold a reunion in spirit at the altar on this Christmas Day. Know that the same Christ Child is entering into both your soul and his the Infant King who brings with Himself peace of mind and heart. --REV. RICHARD GINDIR. FOR DRINKERS ONLY Some tteople get silly when they drink. They giggle; they cry; they tell endless and pointless jokes; they make fools of themselves find wake up next morning with a headache, won- dering uncomfortably how far they went the night before. These people are bores. And there are those who feel that a highball sets them up. It stimulates them--sets their nerves right--gives them self- confidence. They are the fellows who leave work, stop in at a tavern, load up o's cheese-popcorn, whiskey, potato-chips, ale and pretzels, and then beat their wife because her supper doesn't appeal to their jaded appetites. Or, if they don't beat her, they kick up such a fuss that she feels like shooting herself and the children with her. Those are the people who should take the pledge and keep it if it kills them. They should be sentenced to sit in the confessional, say, on Christmas Eve, and listen to the tales of woe recounted by 10ng-suffering wives. Christmas? That calls for a celebration. Whiskey, in honor of the Christ Child l go home, roar around the house, slap ut the children, bang doors, kick over the Christmas tree, and have another shot, in honor of the holydayll If that isn't blasphemy . . . and yet it happens in so many homes every Christmas l It would be bad enough that they drank, if only they would go to bed,but they can't. They're too nervous to stay in one place. If they would go into another part of the house, or lie low in some way; but no l they demand an audience. With these people, the more tipsy they get and the crazier their speech, the more vehemently do they protest that they are sober. If anyone should recognize himself in that description, then for God's sake, and we're weighing every word as we write it, for God's sake don't touch one drop during the holi- day season. It's selfish to let our private pleasure wreck the happiness of others. We're going to have a hard enough time as it is, with our families broken up by the war, so let's do the best we can, without letting fire-water in to cause discord and temporary inhanity---as it certainly does, in some cases. Let's have a joyous Christmas, in peace and holiness, unspoiled by the clink of glass against bottle, and the splash of whiskey entering on its vicious course. REV RICHARD CINDER. The Socsety For worker for this great cause, so do not forget to place THE LEP- Th " -- -- " ERs' CHRISTMAS FUND on your e -ro00,asa,aon list for Yuletide "musts." Of The Faith Famine In Beugal "Bengal is always a poor coun- Finished Your" Shopping? try," writes American-born Bish- The gifts for the men and we- op of Krishnagar, Most Rev. Louis men in the armed forces of our L. R. Morros, "but at present con- country have long since been ditions are superlatively bad. My speeded on their way and the diocese with a population of eight deadline placed by the postal au- million people is in the heart of thorities for Christmas packages Bengal. I simply find no words mailing is also passed. There- to make a special appeal, because fore it would seem that the prob- we always have to beg with or lem of Yuletide shopping would without a famine. We are doing be limited to those last minute our best to help. The Bishop has gifts intended for traose near at been chosen President of the Cen- home. However there is still one tral Food Committee of this'town remembrance which we urge you with the Mayor as his executive not to overlook: YOUR OFFER- secretary. In other towns our ING TO THE LEPERS' CHRIST- fathers are also in Charge of the MAS FUND! food committees. Notwithstand- You will be helping those who ing that our community is the cannot help themselves and you smallest, the people have confi- will enable our brave missionaries dence in us. Much good is being to increase their o;fforts to aid done this way. At the Bishop's, these afflicted people. As an In- House we are feeding 120 q hil- dian Doctor writing from Kum- dren daily from the streets, be- bakonarfi informs us "the lepers sides 200 poor boarders in our recognize the charity of the sis- schools. We are buying grain and ters and priests who, leaving selling it at half price to the poor. country and loved ones, come to We are distributing as many offer their lives for their solace clothes as possible. It is true that and care. It is this same charity this contribution of ours is ex- which eventually makes them tremely little for the needs, but know and love 'the Great Physi- we are doing our bit." cian' Who left His heavenly king- Wattle and Daub dora to win all men to Himself. "Though in these arduous times Without ever leaving your com- Nangina itself needs all the help fortable home you may become a See PROPAGATION on page 5 Q UES TION B OX Notfcs--lt is Importan that all questions be signad with the sender's name and COMPLETE address (not Initials): otherwise the questions will not be answered. No names are ever published. Questions which ask for private answer must be accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelope. We invite only honest and worthwblle questions. What Evidence Is There That St. Peter Established Rcrne As The Seat Of The Christian Church? The fact that St. Peter established his See in Rome and died in that city is admitted by all reputable Protestant historians of our day. It is no longer a disputed question. We know that St: Peter wrote his first epistle from Rome, calling the Eternal City by the name of Bab- ylon. According to the Standard Dictionary this was the common name applied to Rome from the time of Neronian persecution. We find the same name applied to pagan Rome by St. John in the Apocalypse. Peter was not in the Assyrian Babylon, which had fallen to desolation before his day. Pagan Rome with its grasping power crushing the independence of the Jewish nation, was the new Baby- lon of the West. That Rome is the Babylon of Peter's Epistle, is quite agreed by the best scholars, Catholic and non-Catholic. Among the latter are "Elliott's Commen- tary," and the "Speaker's Com- mentary," which says: "We find an absolute concensus of ancient interpreters that there Babylon must be undcrstood as equivalent to Rome." St. Peter's residence and death in Rome are established beyond contention as historical facts by a series of testimonies ex- tending from the end of the first to the end of the second centuries. St. Clement of Rome in his epistle to the Corinthians says: "Through zeal and cunning the greatest and most righteous supporters have suffered persecution and been warred to death. Let us place be- fore our eyes the good Apostles St. Peter, who in consequence of unjust zeal, suffered not one or two, but numerous miseries, and, having thus given testimony, has entered the merited place of glory." He then mentions Paul and a number of elect, who were assembled with the others and suf- fered marytrdom "among us," that is, among the Romans. The Protestant Dr. Whitson says: "That St. Peter was at Rome is so clear in Christian antiquity, that it is a shame for a Protes- tant to confess that any Protes- tant ever denied it." When did the Church first be- gin to give Communion to the people only under the form of bread? From its earliest days the Church followed in many in- stances the practice of giving Communion under one form. It is quite certain that hermits in the desert and the marytrs in prison did not receive Holy Com- munion under the form of wine. The first law forbidding the laity to receive Holy Communion un- der the form of wine was or- dained by the Council of Con- stance in 1414. The law was di- rected against the Hussites, who declared that it was necessary to receive under both forms. This had been the general practice of the Church for many years before the Council of Constance. Many reasons may be assigned for dis- continuing Communion under the form of wine. The scarcity of pure wine in many places and the danger of spilling the consecrated Species would alone be sufficient. It is not necessary to receive un- der both forms that we may re- ceive both the Body and Blood of Christ since He is whole and en- tire, Body, Blood, Soul and Divin- ity, under each form. What Is meant by the Septua- gint? It is a translation of the Old Testament in Hebrew made into Greek about a century and a half before Chri.t. Why ts a still born child of Ca. tholtc parents deprived of burial in a Catholic cemetery? It was God's will that the child was not baptized. It does not seem right to us. Burial is consecrated ground is not a natural right. A child dy- ing without Baptism is not en- titled to ny of the rights or pri- vileges which are pecufiar to members of the Church. To deny Christian burial to an unbaptized person is not a punishment. This is particularly true of one who in no way is responsible for the want, as in the case of an unborn infant. It is not its fault and punishment supposes guilt. The denial of Christian burial means that the Church recognizes that Christ made Baptism an absolute necessity and the unbapitzed child --even though there be no fault on its part--is not a member of the Church and the Church cannot consistently give to it the priv- ileges of her children. The dis- pensation of grace is in the free disposition of God and it is not for us to question but only hum- bly submit to His infinite knowl- edge and infinitely holy will. How does a person commit a sin by being selfish? Selfishness may be defined as an inordinate love of one's self. You may sin by it in many ways, particularly when you deprive an- other of something to which they have a right simply to gratify your own pleasure, or when you refuse to do a work of charity be- cause it would cause you some inconvenience. In order to be a good Catholic is It necessary for a man to boa member of the Knights of Col- umbus or the Holy Name Society? As an abstract proposition a man might be a good Catholic without membership in either of these organizations. We might say that a man who does not iden- tify himself with parish efforts and with such parish organizations as are proper to him and which he is in a position to join could hardly be classed as a good Ca- tholic. Why is it that in" our Church the priests do not read and ex- plain the Bible to the people? If you were more attdntive in church and during Mass you would not be prompted to ask that ques- tion. On Sunday in all Catholic churches the priest reads the Epistle and Gospel, which are parts of the New Testament. He then explains in whole or in part either the Gospel or Epistle show- ing the meaning of the words of our Lord or the inspired writer. In some cases the priest takes some doctrine of the Church and shows that it is the teaching of Christ, quoting from the Bible to show that our Lord really taught this doctrine. This is tim practice of priests who avoid in the pulpit topics that are alien to religion. Rurci[ Catholic Committee., of the South by Rev. Anthony C. S. Sp. AND THE FIGHT GOES ON In thinking and speaking agriculture we can no longer fine our thinking and restrict view points to America, but have to extend them to the world. We have already warned not to throw our books away when we learn th the war is over. This warning an indication that there will be scarcity of food after the war over. A short time ago tatives of forty-four nations in Washington, to found an national organization, to feed widows and orphans of the President Roosevelt declared this shows that we mean in a political and hum sense. Recently, we read 300,00 000 people of Europe are doomed to die of starvation or disease resulting from tion. Food and clothing, and medical care will be the needs of liberated peoples. will be the most important necessary item for all after war is over. To be highly successful in ducing the food necessary for nations, it will be necessary more uniformity to exist on home front. Some problems have to be solved and a proportion of equity will have to 1 reached. One class cannot ttnue to dominate and rule the so-called iron fist. The is on and it has been in for a long time already, but far comparatively little has been obtained. New wage mands are continually made farm organizations are for parity. In spite of the that food is so necessary for nations, no effective effort been made to ship feed from which have an abundance, to states which suffer shortage feed because of drouth. It been stated that milk shall be tioned and yet our milk cows finding their way to the sla tg] house because of feed sh rt Here in Faulkner County, m milk cows are being sold, Swift and Co., are feverishl ing to obtain all the dairy possible. While the fight subsidies continues to rage mt farmers have their farms for because they have been shorn their man-power, and yet food a vital commodity. We have fought against We are conserving the soil something has happened to of sho:tsighted men who are ing continually for their own fish motives. We must arrive a common understanding. vestigalions have shown many factories, hours upon are idled away. Our will not be safe for until farming is given the eration that it has a perfect to. No. 56 The Story Of The Bible In Pictures i AS, ER, GAD al*. And Jacob called his sons, and said to is a lion% whelp: to the prey my son, may fall backward. I will look for thy they be upon the head of Joseph, and them: Gather yourselves together that I thou art gone up: resting thou hast salvation, O Lord. Gad, being girded, upon the crown of the Nazarite among may tell you the things that shall befall couched as a lion, and as a lioness, who shall be girded backward. Aser, his hi brethren. Benjamin a ravenous you in the last days. Gather yourselves shall rouse him? The sceptre shall not bread shall be fat, and he shall yield in the morning shall eat the prey, together, and hear, O ye sons of Jacob, be taken away from Juda, nor a ruler dainties to kings. Nephtali, a hart let in the evening shall divide the spoil. hearken to Israel your father: Ruben, from his thigh, till he come that is to loose, and giving words of beauty. Jos- these are the 12 tribes of Israel: my firstborn, thou are my strength, and be sent, and he shall be the expectation eph is a growing son, a growing son things their father spoke to them, the beginning of my sorrow: excelling in of nations. Tying his foal to the vine- and comely to behold; the daughters he blessed every one, with their gifts, greater in command. Thou art yard, and his ass, O my son, to the vine. run to and fro upon the wall. But they blessings. And he charged them, poured out as water, grow thou not: be- He shall wash his robe in wine, and his that held darts provoked him, and I am now going to be gathered to cause thou wentest up to thy father's garment in the blood of the grape. His quarrelled with him, and envied him. people: bury me with my fathers in bed, and didst defile his couch. Simeon eyes are more beautiful than wine, and His bow rested upon the strong, and double cave, which is in the field and Levi brethren: vessels of iniquity, his teeth whiter than milk. Zabulon shall the bands of his arms and his hands Ephron the Hethite. Over waging war. Let not my soul go into dwell on the sea shore, and in the road were loosed, by the hands of the mighty Mambre in the land of Chanaan, their counsel, nor my glory be in their of ships, reaching as far as Sidon. Isaac- one of Jacob: thence he came forth a Abraham bought together with the assembly: because in their fury they har shall be a strong ass lying down be- pastor, the stone of Israel. The God of of Ephron the Hethite for a slew a man, and in their selfwill they tween the borders. He saw rest that it thy father shall be thy helper, and the to bury in. There they buried undermined a wall. Cursed by their was good: and the land that it was ex- Almighty shall bless thee with the Sara his wife: there was Isaae fury, because it was stubborn: and their cellent: and he bowed his shoulder to blessings of the deep that lieth beneath, with Rebecca his wife: there also wrath boca,use it was cruel: I will di- carry, and became a servant under trib- with the blessings of the breasts and doth lie buried. And when he had vide therein Jacob and will scatter ute. Dan shall judge his people like an- of the womb. The blessings of thy fa- the commandments, wherewith he Shem in Israel. Juda, thee shall thy other tribe in Israel. Let Dan be a snake ther re strengthened with the bless- structed his sons, he drew up his brethren praise: thy hands shall he on the necks of thy enemies: the sons of in the way, a serpent in the path, that ings of his fathers: until the desire of upon the bed, and died: and he thy father shall bow down to thee. Juda blteth the horse's heels that his rider the everlasting hills should come; may gathered to his people. / " !iiii/