Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
December 17, 1927     Arkansas Catholic
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December 17, 1927

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to that nothing is[ T 'anthan that Catholic ] i A Catholic Paper Is a ~ ] and Catholic literature • have a large circulation, as ] ~ Perpetual Mission.-- Very oltemay have every ~' ! Pope Leo XllI. i od rea¢ ing which instructs ] ~rn .... d strengthens and ~ ! "The Guardian in every es the Christian virtues. I --AENEDICTUS, pp., XV. i [ home ---Our Motto. "~=s' ---i~I.~..- ll~- ~,j .--.if, -- a, --, m -- ~ a The Official Organ of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas XVII. LITTLE ROCK, ARK•, DECEMBER 17, 1927 14 POOR, NOT DEGRADED °rreetiug a Common Impression of the Mexican People. Fro (C. B. C. V. Bureau) the very beginning of Britisl~I policy up to recent times prevailed in England tc ce SPain and its people. The f! the great Empire, subject tc crown, standing in the the ambitions of their country ess than" the vituperating spirit ed by the Reformation, led and writers to in- Invidious opinions regarding l Spanish. ~nately Americans at first themselves to be influenced had become the public opin- regarding Spain, the people and their culture. they transferred the dis- and the Spaniards thus ered to former Spanish colo- ,ur hemisphere and their peo- writings of the historian contain numerous evidences . effect, and it was only when and other eminent Amer- among them Chas. F. Lum- cleared away the rubbish by several generations w~'iters, the average man the many great achieve- ~. of men of the Spanish race, lae traits of character and the Cultural values both of the of Spain and those of such as Mexico. the Puritan attitude to- had much to do with supercilious opinion re- countries. Poverty, in of the self-righteous Purl- sign of moral degradation, the particular individual religion and virtue and to the elect of God to the doctrine of Predes- ~• Tha~ virtue might go with good common sense, and attainments and love that is good and beau- Puritan mind could not was therefore so few Eng- or Americans could, for a discover the many excel- of the poorer classes of People or the mixed races and South American re- this attitude had not as a complete reversion more frequently than for- one meets with fair and even appreciation of the inhabi- speaking countries. Otto Heller, Washing- St. Louis, writing in Post Ditpatch on "A iu lgexico,,, declares that "the of Mexico surely merit a than is commonly With their pitiful state." have been unjustly de- lazy, swinish, brutal, filthy, he finds them to be "~Xtraordinary degree indus- frugal, patient and He even considers them .tom the beggars, "the clean- unfortunates in. the in their apparel, .Patchy though it is, "they Indefeasible artistic taste." superb carriage and teeth. "Where run- is at all obtainable," Pro- writes, "they'love to clothes and bathe their , even in the slums, is scarce, they can con- to look grimy, as there is or soot m Mex • ico City." and this is an impor- which should give )Ught, Professor Heller de- their native regard for and physiological modesty el all Europeans. The entire of Public obscenity of any relief from P.ari- He also found them ~Variably civil, sweet voiced, gracious." And what, is most amazing of dering their lack of school- correct and even ele- anish, "in striking contrast murderous treatment of the: even by collegians in this of opinion of a might easily be paral- ers of even more famous men regarding their observationsl]~"~ AD 17A(~T either in Spain, Mexico or Chile. ll~l~kJ[i r.t~ky| Thus, for instance, a noted GermanI u[r~l l~lr~p it ...... Protestant writer of the latter halfI nr~.ra~r. APPEAI.S of the 19th century, Count Frederick!"''-: .......... "'"" ~Schack, known as an eminent student [ I~flR MI~MI~I~I~g of Spanish and Moorish literature, de- ,I, ~ll~ lIllLtlIlll~lLtlIO clarcs that he was able to carry on conversation with the lowliest mule- teer in Spain in a manner in which laborers in his own native country, Mecklenburg, would have not been able to engage with him. ALLELUIA It is a Hebrew word signifying: Praise Jehovah. According to St. Au- gustine and St. Jerome, it dates from the beginning of the christian era. In order to give free scope to the pious sentiment of joy expressed by the Alleluia, our elders in the faith used to execute on ~he last syllable of the Alleluia, a series of modulations called breathings or jubilations• New York--Under direct authority from Pope Plus XI t)he Catholic Near East Welfare Association, of which Cardinals O'Connell, Dougherty and Hayes are directors, has begun its second annual membership enroll- ment appeal. Necessity for continu- ing welfare, relief and educational work in the regions of Asia Minor and Eastern Europe stricken by re- cent wars and disasters h~e been urged by His Holiness upon the Amer- ican Catholics who responded to the call last year. Fifty one dioceses in the United States have already signified their intention of taking part in the mem- bership renewal movement, accord- ing to Prof. Edmund A. Walsh, S. J., Vice President of Georgetown Uni- versity and President of the Asso- ciation. BROTHERS OF MERCY INVESTITURE DEC. 8 (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Buffalo, Dec. 6.---The Rt. Rev. William Turner, Bishop of Buffalo, will perform the first vesti~ure in the Novitiate of the Brothers of Mercy here Thursday. The Society has a double obje~t--- the religious perfection of the Broth- ers, and active charity, which con- sists in the Brothers nursing or car- ing for men who are~ick, mentally and physically, without respect to re- ligion or disease, the poor and the forlorn, as well as those in better cir- cumstances, in the homes of the suf- ferers, in tho houses of the Order, and in hospitals. At the present the Brothers of Mercy are in 13 dioceses• RELIGIOUS LIBERTY ASSOCIATION FIGHTS SUNDAY "BLUE LAWS" (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Sacramento, Calif., Dec. 1.--Hold- ing that "religion ~hould be propa- gated by persuasion, not by force," delegates to the convention of the California Religious Liberty Associa- tion have continued attacks on re- form organizations which they assert are planning an organized drive on Congress for the passage of "blue laws." Convention speakers professed to see special danger in reported at- tempts to obtain congressional action which paved the way, it was claimed, for Sunday closing laws in the vari- i ous states. California, Oregon and Arizona were declared to be the only States without "blue laws" of one sort or another. A Critic In Error Measures Fostered by Gov. Smith Not Socialistic. (C. B. C. Bureau) In answering the question: "What are the policies for which Governor Smith has stood at Albany?", the au- thor of the second article on "Presi- dential Possibilities," published in "The Nation" for Nov. 30, arrives at an unwarranted conclusion. The editor of the liberal weekly-- the article in question was writ- ten by Mr. Oswald Garrison Vii- lard--contends Governor Smith's public declaration: "I am unalter- ably opposed to the fundamental principles of the Socialist Party," and his own progressive policies to be so much at variance with one anoth- er, that one might doubt whether he really knew "how far reaching some of his own recommendations are. whether he has the faintest .idea as to what socialism really is." For the purpose of substanEating this opinion, Mr. Villard quotes from Governor Smith's Annual Message, delivered to the Legislature of the State of New York in Jan. 1920, the following nine recommendations: 1. A minimum wage. 2. The eight-hour day for all wom- en workers. 3. Maternity insurance for expect- ant mot;hers. 4. The extension of workmen's compensation to cover occupational illnesses and accidents. 5. The appointment of State phy- sicians and nurses in rural comnmni- ties now destitute of medical aid, in cooperation with those communities. 6. The ownership, development, [and operation of all wate rpowers in ] the State. / 7. State-owned and operated grain elevators in three cities, after the manner of the Nonpartisan League experiments in North Dakota. 8. Control and supervision of ~he entire milk supply of the City of New York on the theory that every child is as much entitled to pure milk as to pure air and pure water. Evidently it is Mr. Villard, who is hazy regarding what must be con- sidered both the fundamental prin- ciples of Marxian Socialism or Col- lectivism ,and, before all, the motives which distinguish the Social Reform- er from the Socialist. While all of the measures mentioned in the Mes- sage referred to would undoubtedly please Socialists, there is nothing es- sentially collectivistic about them. Socialists foster reform measures of the kind referred to for a twofold purpose, that of ingratiating them- selves with the masses, and because thereby they prepare the coming of State Socialism. The Catholic social reformer has no such aims in view. Charles Devas, whose volume on "Political Economy" is published in the "Stoneyhurst Philosophical Series," makes clear that if it is our aim "to prevent the abuse of riches, to enforce those duties of the ~rich that can be reasonably enforced, to lessen the excess of inequalil~y, to multiply the owners ~f property, to extend collective ownership or man- agement (and this declaration is of special significance in t~he present In- stance), to the particular cases where it has become desirable {more cor- rectly where it has become absolute- ly necessary), we are on the right track of Social Reform. But if our aim is to ~bolish riches, gradually in- deed, but ultimately; and again, slowly indeed but surely to put all men on one level in starting life, and to place by piecemeal and peaceful legislation indeed, but still at last wholly to place all means of produc- tion in the hands of local or central government: then we are State Soci- alists. And~thus, although the part/- cular measures advanced by a State Socialist may be right, a~d he may work side by side wi~h social Re- formers to carry them, he is right merely by a happy chance; and his principles being wrong they will is- sue sooner or later in particular measures that are wrong." The very first demand on the Governor's program, a minimum wage by legislation, is so ut:terly compatible with Catholic principle~ that one might quote a formidable (Continued on Page 8)