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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
December 17, 1927     Arkansas Catholic
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December 17, 1927

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PAGE EIGHT I THE GUARDIAN, DECEMBER 17, 1927 TREASON CHARGES AGAINST CALLES GIVEN CONSUL Five Hundred Mexicans With Jour- nails) Who Presents Pctltion at Consulate in San Antonio, Texas. (By N. C. W. C. N~-w~ Service. Special Telegraph.) San Antonio, Tex.. Dec. 6.--Sup- ported by five hundred persons, who crowded the area in front of the Mex- ican Consulate-General here Sunday, GuilIermo Prieto Yem(; Mexican journalist, presented a stremg petition of grievances against) the Calles gov- ernment to Enriquo Santibanez, the Mexican Consul-General. It protest- ed against illegal killings by Calles and accused Mexican government of- ficials of high treason. Santibanez received the petition surrounded by a large force of city police and detectives. Many more hundreds would have been present for the presentation, had not previous announcement of this guard been made, said Senor Yeme. Some of his followers feared a disturbance. The petition bore the s~gnatures of approximately 3,000 persons, and J. Hinojosa, P. Fuentes and J. Perez ~c- companied Senor Yeme in presenting it. It declared that the situation in Mexico is daily growing worse; that Mexico has no proper executive, leg- islative, or judicial authorities; that President Calles and his officials are guilty of high treason, and that many Mexican towns have been destroyed on the pretext of crushing a rebellion which the Government itself has pro- voked. Unlawful Executions Denounced. Finally, the petition demanded that Calles' policy of executing prisoners of war be stopped, and called upon Calles to limit warfare to the battle- fields, instead of extending it to non- combatants in towns, and to refrain los Blanco, who has been heading a ~ ] ,o CARDINAL 0 CONNELL, o. .o-I ~ations were strenuously denied by Calles, has been captured in the 'e-CONDEMNS NELECT ] ported. Meantime, fi~.qng squads are active in the entire district, any suspected civilians heing promptly l:ined up and shot. FRENCH GIVE MEDAL TO FATHER LAWTON (By N C. W. C. News Service) Mobile, Ala.. Dec. 5. The Rev. D. P. Law)on, S. J., of Spring Hill Col- lege, Mobile, Ala.. has just been hon- ored by the French. Because of his courtesies to French cadet students from the University ship, Jacques Cartier, during their visit to Spring Hill College last summer, the Na- tional Maritime and Colonial League of France has had a special medal struck and a diploma of honor illum- inated for Father Lawt~n. Father Lawton served as Chaplain during the Spanish-American War. He has been on the factulty of Spring Hill College for many years. DIPLOMAT SAYS HEARST SERIES ON OF CATHOLIC DEAD the War Department. Col. Axton himself declared yes- terday that he was the "victim of hypothetical contingency." Army medical officers, he said. had report- ed that he was suffering from arte- (By N. C. W. C. News Service) rial hypertension, when as a matter Boston. Dec. 5. Decrying the of fact. he had none of the outward present-day tendency toward ornate symptoms of such trouble, felt fit funerals, with their gaudy caskets, and well. never had lost a (lay from large floral offerings and other trap- his duties because of illness, and was pings, "too often linked with neglect= ready and eager ~o carry on. ed prayers and graves," His Emi- nence William Cardinal O'Connell, il~llTl$/l~ fH~ AI~DIPh ArchbLhop of Boston, in an official IIIIIIIVL U][" l'll'llIl~l~ letter to all priests and those in[ IM~hlIliIl[~I~ ll~l~|lrll'~rl~l charge of the cemeteries in the arch-I ||~iltilNrM FBIEhiI diocese, has issued drastic regulations [ v [ to be adhered to in the future by --- those officiating at all Catholic bm'- (By N. C. W. C. News Service) ials. "Some of our Catholic people spend great sums, oftentimes entire- ly out of proportion to their incomes, on elaborate caskets, and profusion of flowers, and then bury their de- ceased only to be quickly forgotten; while the lowers decay and with them the remembrance of their dead," the letter says in part. "This conduct is un-Christian and a great departure from the simple customs, both of old Christian times and of the Christian countries of our day. In Christian times and in Christian countries the coffins were of simple wood, regardless of the so- MEXICO IS TRIIF.i cial condition of the deceased; the naL~a~, dead were clothed in simple garb and Secretary to Ex-Ambassador Shef- field Admits Veracity of the Exposures. there was no embellishment of flow- ers, which, indeed, may bring profit to some, but means notching to the repose of the souls of the departed. "The attempt to cover up the real meaning of death by gilding its sur- roundings is childish. It is more pa- thetic when we consider the neglect of the final resting place of the de- ceased. The Catholic Church grants a great privilege to her children in permitting them to be interred in consecrated ground, and it is a cry- ing shame for Catholics to bury their Washington, Dec. 4.---"Certainly every line of it is true and real." This expression regarding the se- ries of Mexican articles published in the Hearsz newspapers came from Arthur T. Foreman, private secre- tary to James Sheffield and Charles Beecher Warren, when they were AmbaK~adors to Mexico. The articles Paris, Dec. 5.--News has just been received of a celebration held recent- ly at Dahomoje in French Equatorial Africa. to commemorate the ordina- tion of the Abbe Thomas Moulero, the first native of the region to enter the priesthood, The Abbe Moulero is a native of Kotou, who, after 11 years of prayer and thought on the subject of his vo- cation, has been appointed a sub-dea- con in the cathedral church of Out- dab. His ordination is reported to have made a deep impression on his fellow countrymen, who immediately organized a committee to present him with sacred vessels on the occa- sion of the celebration of h's first Mass, and to arrange that the prece- dent thus established be followed in future when o~her native priests will be ordained. RT. REV. JOS. DINAND DINED ON DEPARTURE TO OCCUPY NEW SEE (By N. C. W. C. News Service) New York, Dec. 7.--The Rt. Rev. Joseph N. Dinand, S. J., recently ap- pointed Titular Bishop of Selinus and Vicar Apostolic of Jamaica, Brigsh West Indies, and former president of from using treason in his battle tacn Santibanez, receiving the do, u ment said he would study it carefully before submitting it to his Govcrn- ment. A member of the CROM, Mexican radical labor group, tried to force his way to a vantage point to address the crowd, but was stopped by the Com- missioner of Firemen and Police, Phil Wright, who was in charge of the guard thrown around Santibanez. Before re-entering the Consulate, Santibanez said that Celso C. Moreno, representing Mexican Masons in San Antonio, had filed with him a tele- gram endorsing the Calles Govern- ment and deploring the activities of Mexicans opposed to Calles' adminis- tration. CALLES GIVES OI~DERS ARCHBISHOP MUST BE TAKEN DEAD OR ALIVE # (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Nogales, Ariz., Dec. 5. Archbish- op Francisco Orozco y Jiminez, heroic Mexican prelate who for months has evaded President Calles' soldiers and spies in order to remain with his flock, has been ordered taken dead or alive, and a large detachment of troops has been sent to f~nd him, says the Nogales Herald in a despach it prints tonight from GuMialajara. It hm~ been alleged by the Govern- /nen~ for months that Archbishop Or- ozco is heading a band of revolution- aries, although in all that time Calles ha~ been unable to produce any evi- (t/~ce to back up such an assertion. )The Archbishop for a long time has ~een lost, so far as the outside world is concerned; never before has l~is name been connected with any of the skirmishes and other clashes in Mex- ico. t is evidently this contention Vha ~is Grace ,is u "rebel" which Calles is putting forward as an excuse to shoot him, should he be found. Heavy cavalry detachments have been concentrated in the Los Altos district, says the Herald's despatch, and have been given orders to hunt Archbishop Orozco until he is taken. The despatch adds that an engage- ment has taken place, followed by the retreat of revolutionary pa~ties to the hills.. There ds no doub4 that the order against ~he Archbishop, which virtu- ally is a death warrant, is connected with a great campaign which Calles troops are now executing in the State of Jalisco in an effort to root out all armed opposition. The movement ex- tends into the States of Michoacan and Zacatecas, and no fewer than have given fac-simile proof that Mex- relatives in this blessed soil and then ice plotted in Nicaragua against the forget all about them. The people United States; that Consul Elias in themselves must exercise their own New York bought newspapers and judgment against the un-Christian ministers for propaganda; that anextravagance which is widespread anti-United States policy was always followed by Calles, etc. Said Fore- man : "!I would like first to commend Mr. Hearst for bringing the facts to light. It is a very good thing and highly appreciated by the reading public. "Papers of the kind which the Hearst newspapers are now publish- ing have frequently come through my hands. No one familiar with the sit- uation there would say anything else except that there is a very well-de- fined plot between Mexico and Japan against the United States. "One finds justification of it in the great Japanese colonization scheme on'the west coast of Mexico. But how many secret documents have come into the office? What intrigue? "The particular documents are real. I speak and write Spanish as they do themselves. I am thorough- ly familiar with all their documents and forms. "Since I'm no longer connected with the American Government I am taking this opportunity of revealing the facts: "Every American who ever has been in Mexico knows it. "We know, of course, thai Pancho (Francisco) Serrano was assassinat- ed and not killed as the leader of a revolution. He was taken from his home in Mexico City to Cuernavaca, and, knowing that he did not have a so-called Chinaman's chance, faced a firing squad. "The State Department has in its files a report from a First Secretary of the American Embassy in Mexico City who was. on hisreturn from Cuernavaca and met the camions (Ford passenger cars) with General Serrano in them. He was dressed as a civilian. He was the best soldie~ in the republic. Does one ~magine that he would have been without a gun or uniform if he had been intent on starting trouble ? "But back again to the subject of the documents. The 'half of it never has been revealed and probably nev- today in the burial of the departed. It is our duty, however, to safeguard the sacredness of the cemetery. "I call these abuses to the ~tten- tion of the parish priests and peo-" ple of the archdiocese, therefore, in order that the immoderate financial expenses of a funeral may be cur- tailed and that the proper attention may be given to the care of the graves of-the deceased and to pray- ers for the peace and repose of their souls. "In order that this crying abuse may be soon eliminated, all those in charge of cemeteries, priests and su- perintendents under them, are here- by directed to see to it that perpetual care be provided for all the graves of those interred in our cemeteries. Hereafter no monuments or stones may be erected on lots which are not recorded as provided with perpetual care. And if, after due notice,-the people who own these lots have not seen to it that this provision has been made, the cemetery will take over the lot and deal with it as forfeited prop- erty; for it must be remembered that graves are not the property 'in fee simple' of those holding deeds to them, but are legally regulated by the by-laws of the cemetery." COL. J.' T. AXTON, HEAD OF. ARMY CHAPLAINS, RETIRED FROM POST (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Washington, D. C., Dec. 8. De- spite determined resistance on his part, Col. John T. Axton, chief of army chaplains, was officially retir- ed by order of Secretary of War Da- vis yesterday. Col. Axton's ,retire- ment, resulting from a report of the War Department Retirement Board, will become effective April 6, 1928. On recommendatiop of Secretary Davis, President Coolidge sent to the Senate the nomination of Lieut. Col. Edmund P. Easterbrook, former sen- ior chaplain of the American forces in Germany and now chaplain of the Second Division at Fort Sam Hous- ton, Tex., to be chief of chaplains er will be. The Russian govermnent~with the rank of Colonel. and the Japanese kingdom have been i Secretary Davis, in a letter to against us, and they have most fa-~Chaplain Axton, expressed regret vored nation treaties w~th" any num-~lthat he~ had been found. "physically,, ber of secret clauses ] f ]ve du ,, . ". I "ncapacitated or act ty. My former positron and certain] For some time past, friends of Col. things which have been told me in Axton have worked indefatigably to trust prevent me saying more." have him retained, the War Depart- ment being li~erally deluged with let- 10,00O troops are engaged. They are It should be remembered that the ters to this end. Prominent among conducting the campaign in regular] eradication of illiteracy and ignor- his suporters have been members and military fashion,, as a mass advance l ance in this country would make it units of the Federal Council upon a strong enemy. I practically impossible to get juries, of Churches. Despatches reaching here say thati In:tim,)ions were current during one battle already ha,s taken place Mother writes to know what to do]the fight in his behalf that Col. Ax- "n this offensive, someth'ng Ifike a for a growing boy who is straining]ton was to become the "victim of a hundred being killed and the Feder- i his eyes through overstudy., Our ad- ] clique" in the army because of his als losing three officers. Gen. Car- vice would be to send him to college. ] activities in advancing the interests Holy Cross College, Worcester, Mass., was given a rousing send-off here. last evening, on his departure for Kintrston. Jarnai~'a, his See city. He was the guest of honor at a ban- que~ given by the Holy Gross Club of New York in the Yale clubhouse. Bishop Dir:ami !eft today on the United Fruit liner Sixaola for King- sgon, tIoly Cross ~'raduates. pro~ninent in the religmus, political life of the nation, were P pay a new homage to superior. Personal friends, with many representatives ciety of Jesus, joined s~udents to make last night in the United to be Im~g remembered. 300 persons altended. LITTLE (IN THE HEART OF THE COMMONWEALTH) @ COURSES. ARTS AND S( PRE-MEDICAL, PRE-LEGAL, PRE-DENTAL COLLEGE OF PHARMACY Two-Year Course Leading to the Degree Ph.G. (WOMEN ADMITTED TO THIS COURSE) Boarding and Day School Terms reasonable For Further Information Apply t6 the Roy, Recto. OF THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA Through THE GUARDIAN LIFE MEMBERS ON THE BASIS OF The proceeds received from the Life membership fee to be invested and the income to be used to form a Catholic Literary Award Foundation The awards to be made each year for The best poem of the year The best article or essay The best short story . The best novel , The best juvenile book, etc. ! The purpose being to encourage CATHOLIC WRITERS Should you desire to become a Life member of the Catholic Press Asso- ciation and make possible the establishment and maintenance of this permanent and perpetual FUND, just fill out and return the attached blank to THE GUARDIAN, 307 West Second St., Little Rock, Ark. APPLICATION BLANK 1 I hereby give you the practical proof of my good will and interest by asking you to enroll my name as a Life member of the Catholic Press Association of the U. S. and Canada. Signed. Street Address. City. State ( Make check or money order payable to the Catholic Press Association and send to THE GUARDIAN, 307 /2 West Second St., Litle Rock, Ark. (The payment may be made in one payment of $100, or 10 paints at $I0 each or may be paid in 2 or more installments.) /