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Arkansas Catholic
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December 10, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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December 10, 1943

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THE GUARDIAN, DECEMBER I 0, 1943 :" PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY Of the Diocese of Little RoeJ Arkan88s 309% WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21, 1911, a the post offlea at Little Rock, Arkansas. uhder the Act of Conlress of March S, 1870. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: 82.00 the year OFFICIAL DIOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian la the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock and I pray God that it may be an earnest champion of the cause of right, Justice and truth end an ardent defmader of the religion we all tore so wen. 1 extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its career may be long and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of LJttle Reek. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. D. BUSINESS MANAGER All oomcnunlcations about The Guardian must be handled through the Buslneu Manager. and all matters intended for publication should reach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGA,ST Business and Editorial Offlce, S09 West 2nd, Telephone 6486 SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture Servlce--Knillhta of Columbus of Arkansas Little Roch Council, No. 812 .2.00 Pl-ennld Council, No. 1713 Fort. Smith Council, No. 996 ................................... $22.00 PocAhontas Council No. 2448 ..... + ................................. 17.00 Hlytheville-Osceola Council', No. 2857 ....................... $12.00 Texarkena Councll No. 2650 .............. Pine Bluff Council, No. 1153 ....................................... 22.00 Stuttgurt-Slovactown Council, lgo. 2780 ..................... 12.00 Jonesboro Council, No. 1702 ............. Helena Council, No. 1770 ................................................. 17.00 DECEMBER 10, 1943 r "It by liberty of the press, we understand'merely the liberty ot discussing the propriety at public measures and political opinions, let us have as much ot it as you please: but it it means the liberty oI af- fronting, calumniating ahd deiaming one another, I own myself willing to part with my share at it when- ever our legislators shall please to alter the law; and shall cheerfully consent to exchange my liberty of abusing others for the privilege ot not being abused rn vselI."--Franklin. BLUE In honor of St, Nicholas, whose feast was Monday, but mostly in honor of Our Lady, whose feast was Wednesday, we're turning over today's pulpit to a fifteen year old boy, studying for the priesthood in a large eastern preparatory semi- nary. This i s his first year in boarding-school and he is, or was, in second year high-school. He had been told to write an English theme on the color Blue and here it is without any corrections in spelling or punctuation,--his first sermon, twelve years before his prieathood: "Why be blue} The blues always leave us with a gloomy, and dreary outlook on life, when we should be feeling light- hearted and gay. "When you feel blue you always seem to be in trouble. Everything seems to go wrong. People are always doing some- thing just to spite you. If we feel light-hearted and gay, every- thing goes right and you are friends with everybody. "'1 can express a fie example of someone feeling blue in my action of today. "1 had been full of bright outlook this morning. That is until after Latin class. I for some strange reason had been happy with life during the class. When class was over I was called up to the desk and informed that my Latin quarterly-test had been slightly below the required mark of" passing. This has struck me will full force because I was sure that I had passed the test. I felt staggered by these words and suddenly every- thing got blue and gloomy. These words affected me so much because I knew what they were inclined to mean. Maybe I was tO be put back into the first year. This would mean that I would have to wait a whole year longer before I would be able to stand at the altar and offer the Sacrifice of the Mass to God. What was I to do} The first thing that entered my mind was help. But who could help me? 1 had itl 1 pro- ceeded to the chapel and looked once more at blue. Only this time I really liked it. It was the blue which the blessed Virgin Mary was robed in. This blue seemed to give me strength, and encouragement. It seemed better now that 1 had told my trouble to someone I knew would help me. But whatever 1 do, it will be the best. Maybe it would be better for me to go back and get the better foundation and possibly avoid a Latin crack-up in my later years of school. "Therefore, this is one way of feeling better when you are blue. Look at the blue surrounding the Mother Mary and cheerfulness will come to you." REV. RICHARD GINDER. v:i. , t , q , LOST CREDIT We have a lot of surprises in store for us on Judgment Day. One of them will be the sight of those gathered on the left of the throne. We're going to see "good" people there --people who seemed to be busy in all kinds of good works here on earth: philathropists and professional men, artists, nurses, teachers, all sorts of "nice" people. They were good--surely, except that they never happened to think of nodding their heads to God. There will be doctors there who treated lots of poor people for nothing; lawyers who defended paupers; composers who could write like angels; good neighbors who had a finger in every community project. The catch is that their goodness was purely natural. We're naturally good in other words. It's no credit to us when we shudder on seeing the legless man swinging along the pave- ment on his stumps. We may even drop a dime into his cap. That's natural. We do it not for the love of Christ, but simply because we would be monstrous if we didn't do it. If some- one's hat blows off his head, we chase after it quite thought- lessly not as an act of charity, but as an act of natural friend- liness. If someone trips, we rush to help him up and brush off his clothes--again through natural sympathy. That sort of kindliness isn't entered in on the credit side of the book. Even an atheist would do as much. We are Christians, and our actions count only to the de- gree in which we live for Christ in the extent to which we lead the inner life, as it is called. The people among whom we move don't see this life. Outwardly, we're doing our workmkeeping on earning our pay. Inwardly, we're worship- ing Our Lord, united with Him constantly. Our dimes are given reverently to Christ in the person of casual cripples or "moochers." It is His hat that we chasb as it rolls gaily along the curbing. It is He who trips and ',is helped to His feet, whose clothes we brush off. Then we are being supernaturally good. Then our actions are written in black ink on the right side of the book. The trouble is it's easy to be foold into thinking we're charitable, because we're naturally friendly and soft-hearted. These virtues become supernatural easily enoughby just making an internal dedication. Without it, they count for nothing. [ THE FOUR POWER PACT / The agreement of the four great mers, negotiated in Moscow, oiler the immediate comfort to the peoples of the world, that it may bring an earlier end to the war. With the Allies united in purpose and in closer co0peration in the war's prosecution, the enemy may the more quiqkly be convinced that there is little advantage to be gained by Itdelaying the day of recapitulation. Next to this more proximate comfort is the hope that the pledge of an international organization to maintain future peace may be a real basis of lasting security for the world. Whatever the actual set-up may be, there is in the pledge, a realization that civilization can not continue with only scraps of paper for its foundation. The material and moral progress of man needs more than an armistic from strife and destruction. If every second generation is to pull down what its predeces- sors have built, chaos will be the eventual result. 8ome kind of machinery to preserve world accord must be attempted to halt recurring wars. While "'unconditional surrender" is a reasonable demand on an enemy that has been so ruthless, it can not include the surrender of all post-war rights. Nations and peoples must QUESTION BOX Notice--lt Is important that all questions be signed with the sender's name and COMPLETE address (not initials): otherwise the questions will not be answered. Igo names are ever published. Questions which ask for private answer must be accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelope. We Invite only honest and worthwhile questions. What Is The Church's Attitude On Sex Education In Schools? In his Encyclical on "Christian Education," Pope Plus XI said, in part: "Another grave danger is that naturalism which nowadays invades the field of education in that most delicate matter of pur- ity of morals. Far too common is the error of those who with dan- gerous assurance and under an ugly term, propagate, a so-called sex education, falsely imagining that they can forearm youth against the dangers of sensuality by means which are purely natural, such as a foolhardy initiation and precautionary instruction for all indis- criminately even in public, and worse still by exposing them at an again live in normal life after the war. If justice is foresworn very things considered to be and ci'uel force substituted in post-war dealings with any ha- remedies against sin, we find oc- casions for and inducement to sin lion, the metamorphosis of a Hitler is just shifted to another itself. Hence it isof the highest early age to the occasions, in order to accustom them, so it is argued, and as it were to harden them against such dangers. "Such persons grievously err in refusing to recognize.the inborn weakness of human nature, and the law of which St. Paul speaks, fighting against the law of the mind; and also in ignoring the ex- perience of facts, froha which it is clear that, particularly in young peoPle, evil practices are the effect not so much of ignorance of in- tellect as of weakness of a will exposed to dangerous occasions and unsupported by the means of grace. In this extremely dehcate matter, if all things considered, some private instruction is found necessary and "opportune, from those who hold tram God the com- mission to teach and who have the grace of state, every precaution is to be taken. Such precautions are well known in traditional Christian education and are adequately de- scribed by Antoniano when he says: 'Such is our misery and inclination to sin that often in the My husband died about three months ago, and now a friend of oi mine is urging me to have Gregorian Masses said for him. Site tells me that this will cer- tainly deliver his soul from purga- tory. Am I permitted to believe this? It is true that these Masses are believed to have a special efficacy through the intercession of St. Gregory. The Church likewise does not condemn the belief that the departed monk, for whom the first Gregorian Masses were of- fered, was delivered from purga- tory after the Masses had been said. But in spite of this we can- not definitely assure ourselves that every soul for whom these Masses are offered will be deliv- ered from purgatory upon com- pletion of these Masses. Having the Gregorian Masses said is a very praiseworthy practice, but we cannot assure ourselves that bathing more will be required to relieve the souls of our loved ones. What Is meant by the Seven evildoer. The road from Versailles to Munich is simply being repaved. Nor can permanent peace he assured if any or all of the riCtorious powers work injustice by grabs of rights or territory om weaker nations. No matter what contribution to vic- tory, there is no right to Russia or the other Allies to barter the freedom of the smaller countries. The provisio n made at Moscow that "the Italian Govern- ment should be made, more democratic" smacks greatly of Stalin realism in the addition of the words "by inclusion of representatives of those sections of the Italian people who have always opposed Fascism." The Communists have had little chance to spread their doctrines in Italy. Now even the "cap- italistic" nations must back Stalin's aim to promulgate his theory of world revolution. Whatever the need and Value of military collaboration with Communist Russia in order to assure victory, there is irony in the course of world events that both Britain and America should be compelled to cater to the Kremlin where plans for the disruption of both governments have been plotted for, years. Give It Up Stop wasting Valuable energy fretting about events which may never happen. You will find the difficulty much easier to solve when you actually come to grips with it. Meanwhile, attend to the present task, remembering that our greatest anxiety usually cen- ters a?ound trouble which never occurs. Today is not unendurable, yet today is the fearful tomorrow you fretted about yesterday. The man who frets, reminds us of the fellow who vigorously rock- ed himself to and fro in his rock- ing chair, expending an immense amount of energy, yet getting no- where. The man who can pray truly is richer and more blessed than all others. --Saint John Chrysostom. The Church is called Catholic because it teaches without any omission all points that men should know concerning things visible and invisible, tleavenly and earthly. St. Cyril. No greater act of faith dould we make in the chief mystery of our faith, the Resurrection of our divine Savior, than worship of His Sacred Heart. There is no heart in a skeleton. Joseph Rickaby, S.J. Heaven is never deaf but when man's heart is dumb. As one lamp lights another, nor grows less, so nobleness enkindles nobleness. Cast all your care on God; that anchor holds. Tennyson. ;mportance that a good father, while discussing with his son a matier so delicate, should ;be well en his guard and not descend to details, nor refer to the various ways in which this infernal hydra deslroys with its poison so large a portion of the world; otherwise it may happen that instead of ex- tinguishing the fire, he unwit- tingly stirs or kindles it in the simple and tender heart of the child. Speaking generally, during the period of childhood it suffices to employ those remedies which produce the double effect of open- ing the door to the virtue of pur- ity and closing the door upon vice'." Please define the distinction between temperanc e and total abstinence. Temperance is a cardinal vir- tue by which one uses liquor or any other material thing moder- ately or within reason. A man, therefore, who drinks intoxicnting liquor in reasonable quantity is said to be a temperate man. Total abstinence is a voluntary act by which one keeps away from all alcoholic beverages or some- thing else, altogether. One may do so from various motive -- a spirit of penance, a desire for better health, a mere formal ex- ercise of will power or because of physical dislike. In a word, temperance is a vir- tue which all must practice; total abstinence is a voluntary act the practice of which is meritorious in proportion to the quality of the motive that inspires it. Which of outstanding movie actors and actresses are practical Catholics? Is Spencer Tracey a Catholic? Spencer Tracey is a Catholic. Regarding, your other question we suggest you write Legion of lorov for answer. Spirits before the Throne? Evidently you have in mind th various references in the Book of the Apocalypse, the last book of the Bible, to the .seven spirits," "seven lamps" seven angels," etc. They are usually understood to re- fer to the privileged few who stand closest to the Throne of God. Their number is to be taken literally, not symbolically, and all belong to the group of Seraphim One of the names is known with certalnty--"I am the angel Raph- aM, one of the seven, who stand before the Lord." Tub: XII, 15). Some consider that Gabriel also is one of the seven, though he does not say this explicitly--- "I am Ga- briel who stand before God." (Luke I, 19). $ * $ Is it necessary to have an Italian Pope, as seems to be the rule at present? The Pope is elected from the body of Cardinals, any of whom may become Pope. There is no necessity to appoint an Italian, but Catholics are agreed that an Ital- ian is most suitable because of his continued residence in Rome. The same reason may be assigned for the predominance of Italians among the Cardinals, so many of whom are resident in Rome. ! cannot understand how the Blessed Virgin could be conceived without original sin unless Her nmther was also free from sin. ltow can it be explained? The Blessed Virgin was by God's power preserved from the stain of original sin. It was not necessary that Her mother enjoy the same privilege. * Is it a sin to do a thing when in doubt whether it is wrong or right? Yes, it is a sin. When we are in doubt whether a thing is right or wrong, we are bound to ob- tain the information from com- ,etent authority. Rural Catholic Committee of the South by Rev. Anthony C. S. Sp. The Farmers Confusion As we go on living our life we become sometimes fully aware that we have to adjustments which are not able and which are very against our choosing. The er finds himself in that very tion. During the years of pression, the government plan and told the farmer he have to follow it, if not in so words, at lea'st that is amounted to in effect. The el', very much a man of terprize, 'found it difficult just himself to the various trois. He was told what to and how much to plant, gan to be burdened down ports, and paper work of kinds. Even though it was taste of what the business was called upon to do, yet much harder for the make the adjustment. ally he adjusted himself all Set to follow the plan he found himself in the mid haze of contradictions him confused and uncertain. ernment guarantees and were not carried out. The er feels that he is getting the end of the stick. There many inaccurate and steps taken with regard to ing that they are too mention. Farmers must depend themselves, they must get ship, and let it be intelligent erShip, and then handle thei problems. This is " without organization. It be a communistic If farmers and people in do not handle their own then various Bureaus and ' agencies will do it and thiS: be most unsatisfactory. In morning's Gazette (Dec. 3, the farmers felt they down, and from the appeared in the paper, gusted and looked upon the tion as dictatorial. This has left the farmer more fused than ever, frankly not know what to do. Frazier, declared the "dirt" farmer feels he has defihitely let down at a critical time. A crucial ahead of the farmer after the With the many synthetics have come to their own, the er will find that many ments will have to be him. He might have to his farming to the point cotton might be left Drely. The two important lhat the farmer needs telligent leadership and tion are most necessary democracy in farming. farmer does not voice his and sentiments through fective organization he nothing to say about pertain to him most He will have no voice. be divested of Dower. The denial of self leads straight and narrow No. 55 The Story Of The Bible In Pictures m o C- II/00/A " . 4 k L d"' . ( After these things, it was told Joseph of their brethren in their possessions, wards the left hand of Israel: but Man- tried to lift it from Ephralm's head, that his father was sick: and he set out For, when I came out of Mesopotamia, asses on his left hand, to wit, towards to remove it to the head of to go to him, taking his two sons Rachel died from me in the land of his father's right hand, and brought And he said to his father: It should Manasses and Ephraim. And it was told Chanaan in the very journey, and it was the old man: Behold thy son Joseph springtime: and I was going to Ephrata, them near to him. But he stretching be so, my father: for this is the cometh to thee. And being strengthened and I buried her near the way of Eoh- forth  his right hand, put it upon the born, put thy right hand upon his It he sat on his bed. And When Joseph rata, which by another name is called head of Ephraim the younger brother; But lie refusing, said: I know, mY was come in to him, he said: God AI- Bethlehem. Theu seeing his sons, he said and the left upon the head of Manasses I know: and this also shall become mighty appeared to me at Luza, which to him: Who are these? lie answered: who was the elder, changing his hands, pies, and shall be multiplied: but is in the land of Chanaan: and he blessed They are my sons, whom God hath given And Jacob blessed the sons of Joseph, younger brother shall be greater me. And he said: I will cause thee to me in this place. And he said: Bring and said: God, in whose sight my fa- and his seed shall grow into increase and multiply, and I will make them to me that I may bless them. For thers Abraham and Isaac walked, God And he blessed them at that time, I of thee a multitude of peoples' and I will Israel's eyes were dim by reason of his that feedeth me from my youth until ing: In thee shall Israel be blessed, give this la.nd to thee, and to they seed great age, and he could not see clearly, this day; the angel that delivereth me it shall be said: God do to thee $ after thee for an everlasting possession. And when they were brought to him, he from all evils, bless these boys: and let Ephraim, and as to Manasses. So thy two sons were born to thee kissed and embraced them. And said to my name be called upon them, and the set Ephraim before Manasses... in the land of Egypt before I came his son: I am not deprived of seeing names of my fathers Abraham and isaac, said to Joseph his son: Behold hither to thee. shall be mine. Ephraim thee; moreover God hath shewed me thy and may they grow into a multitude and God will be with you, and will and Manasses shall be reputed to me as seed. And when Joseph had taken them upon the earth. And Joseph seeing that you back into the land of your Ruben and Simeon. But the rest whom from his father's lap, he bowed down his father had put his right hand upon I give thee a portion above they thou shalt have after them, shall be with his face to the ground. And he set the head of Epilraim, was much dis- which I took out of the hand thine, and shall be called by the name Ephraim on his right hand, that is, to- pleased: and taking his father's hand he Amorrhite with my sword and