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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
December 9, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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December 9, 1911

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I I III I I THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN I II I II IIII I I THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION' SOCIETY OF THE DIOCESE OF LITTLE ROCK BUSINESS'OFHCE: "315 W. MARKHAM ST., LITTLE ROCK, ARK. V. L. SPALDING, Business Manager which contributing holds in worship, and if a rational.: and systematic method of collecting church revenues could be adopted, it would be a great gain for religion, it would relieve people from frantic appeals to help; out a depleted treasury, and it would enable priests to devote their whole time to the purely spiritual duties of their ministry t But giving to the support of religion will never be elewtted to tim highest plane in Catholic life to which it belongs, until Catholic people are influenced .............  .................................................... ---:----- ................ --=.-== .............................. ......... by a proper motive in giving, regard giving as a part . SUBSCRIPTION $1.50 THE YEAR of worship, and have method in all this giving, where OFFIOIAL APPROVAL. The Southern Guardian is hc oftlcial organ of the diocese of Little Rock, and I pray God that it ma bc an earnest champion in the cause of right, justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religion which we all love so well. I extend to it my blessing with the sincere 'hope that its career may be long and prosperous.--John B. Morris, Bishop of Little Rock. SATU'RDAY, DECEMBER 9, /91I. SHOULD TARDY CONFESSIONS LESSEN PUNISHMENT FOR CRIME? Should tardy confessions of guilt lessen punish- ment for crime? Should a state compromise at any stage of a nmrder trial? If these questions are to be answered in the affirmative then we may expect more murders, more confessions and more compromises. Murder is a horrible thing under any circum- stances. It is awful to contemplate the taking of human life even though it may be classed as justifi- ahle homocide. But how terrible is it when innocent men are slaughtered by wholesale without warning and without cause. Sad indeed is death even when the grim reaper comes in the course of time anti calls one who has lived what we may call his alloted term of years here on earth. But sadder still is the grew- some spectacle of murder where paid assassins place deadly explosives in hiding and go away leaving the hell)less innocents to certain death. The explosion comes. Wreck and ruin and death are the awful results. Valuable property is destroy- ed and human life is sacrificed and all this to satisfy the Socialistic ideas of anarchristic criminals. Widowed women weep and fatherless children are left to the mercy of the world. Deternained detectives gather clews and arrests follow. The accused men are placed in prison while they loudly protest their innocence. Labor leaders, without in- vestigation, rally to the aid of the accused and make impassioned statements of how capital is crushing labor. Union men are assessed and vast stuns of morey' are collected to defend the men around whom the web of circumstantial evidence is so tightly woven that their guilt seems aparant. Months pass and the awfulness of the crimes seems lost in the sensation of an approaching trial. The story of the dead is passed over lightly and tile destitutions of widows and orphans is brushed aside while long stories are dished out to the public in an effort to create sympathy for the accused. How well these muck-rake moulders of opinion accomplished their task is evidenced by the compromise which is to save the lives of Jams B. "rod John J. McNamara even though, they confess to committing one of the worst crmaes known to American criminology. We hope we are charitable and therefore dislike to demand the "pound of flesh," but in the face of such crimes, awful in their immediate results and so far reaching in their conception; in the light of justice, both to the living and the dead, and in com- pliance with tile laws that should be enforced or re- pealed we finish as we began should confession of guilt lessen punishment for crime, especially when the confession comes after conviction seems certain? THE WIDOW'S MITE. For centuries the story of the widow's mite has been a source of encouragement to those who have not been able to give generously to reli.gion or to charity, and iu days like ours when bigness ts to much herald- ed, and when the immense gifts of the wealthy are there is a right motive, there is no thmncial problem to solve; paying is a part of worship just as honor- able as praying; and the tithes of old are a splendid example of system in all coutrilmtions. In this land of vohmtary offerings and no en- dowments, the clmrch feels she has a clailn on all who have means, aud every one with a nice sense of honor ought to do his share. The widow in the gospel did her share, and her story should be an in- spiration and encouragement to all. It is quite ap- )arent tlmt religion which is the bond between us and our God, has a distinct claim for support on all who can afford it, for, as we pointed out, there is script- ural warrant for it, and every high-toned man ought to be ashanaed to make use of the services of the church and do nothing for her support. THOS. V. TOBIN. FATHER FRIEDEN. ']'he first thought of St. Iouis on hearing of the death of Father Frieden was not of the executive energy of the college president or the administrative !genius of tlle ecclesiastic. It was that the community had lost from the ranks of its citizenship a man and t Christian. "]7he busy educator was a citizen of a type all too rare: He was in active sympathy with every move- ment making for a better community life and found time to serve on committees of the Civic League and to speak for the causes which enlisted his support. His personal habits were of the simplest. He lived the gospel of good health through plain living and radiated energy and good cheer wherever he went. Not a specialist ill any one field of scholarship; he was an ardent lover of great literature, and his wide and constant reading saved him from the least touch of that mental dry-rot which too often over- takes the educational executive cumbered with details. Father Frieden had a genius for association with all sorts and conditions of men. His was the tact of simplicity and straightforwardness and the sympathy born of healthy interest in all interesting things. He listened well and sympathetically, and when he talk- ed he spoke of matters of faith and devotion and ex- i periences of the religious life with tile same zest and naturalness with which he discussed college athletics !or current social and political issues. The end came to him in the midst of a busy clay, as he went about his usual work with his characteris- tic good cheer.St. Louis Republic. THE ADVENT TIME. Advent is the promise of the dawn before the glory of the open day. It is a time of longing and expectation. We are awaiting with expectancy the coming of Him, who is the desire of the everlasting hills. In silence, prayer and fasting nmst we comply with the injunction of the Forerunner: "Do penance for tile Kingdom of God is at hand." Prepare ye the way of the Lord; make straight His Paths." "Prepare ye the way of the Lord." This is the I bui'den of the Advent time. The beautiful Christ will come, and the angelic anthems will herald His com- ing, but it is only the pure of heart and they who have done penance who will enter into His Kingdom. 'It is only those who have washed their souls in His Blood in tile great tribunal of penance and in tears of contrition for sin, to whom His Advent will have any meaning. Prominent among the bishops who attended the consecration of Bishop Laval at New Orleans, last week, was His Lordship, John B. Morris, Bishop of Little Rock. Among the church dignitaries of the Province whose picture appeared in the current issue of the Morning Star was that of our own beloved enough to stagger us, it is well to repeat the story Bishop. from time to time, for Christ's contrast of those who[ Few men in Little Rock and indeed few men gave of their., want,, and His. special, comtnendatiou of } anywhere,, in any walk of life, are busier than. Bishop tile poor widow s humble offering should encourage lMorns and none do what duty demands with more all to give according to their means. ]certainty and precision than he. He is a prelate of If people could be brought to recognize the place ldistinction' and a man of affairs. CHINA AND CHRISTIANITY. I During the progress of the revolu- tion in China but little has been heard of the :Catholic missionaries and their flocks, though they are by far the largest body of Christians in China. Tdegrams have been pub- lished giving information about the Protestant missionaries, their wives and other members of their families. News about the Catholics has how- ever, been Mow in coming, and in these islands and throughout Europe generally many are, I am sure, anxiously awaiting definite intelli- gence as to the fate of the Catholics in China and the condition and .pros- pects of the Catholic missions. Whatever pessimists may say, Christianity is still powerful and pro- gressive. It is the religion with a fnture, and all who sincerely believe in it must hold that in the course of time it will obtain a strong hold in the East as it did so many cen- turies ago in the West. No mortal can pretend to interpret the designs .of Divine Providence. bringing the vast population of China within her fold and yet should have failed so completely to do so. The story is one of the deepest in- terest. So far back as I289 John of Montecorvino, a Franciscan, reached Peking, built a church, and founded a Bishopric. In 13o7 he was created Archbishop and Primate of the far East by Pope Clement V., and in .I37O Urban V. appointed a new arch- Iishop in the person of William de Parto, who was accompanied by twelve Franciscans. Nearly two centuries later St. Francis Xavier was proceeding from Japan to China when he died at a small island off the Canton coast. Not long afterwards two luenlbers of .the same Order, Fathers Ruggieri and Pasio, obtained permission to settle at Choa-K'ing. This was in I582. In the following year they were joined by a Jesuit of extraordinary talents, Matthew Ricci. He was a man of extensive learning. In mathematics he was especially versed. By his knowledge he made Where we an intpression on all who came in development of their work. A large number of imperial princes and high officials were received into the Church, and within twenty years of Ricei's death .there were thirteen thousand Christians in China. When the Manchu Tartars took possession of Peking and the Ming dynasty came to an end, one of the men whom the first Manchu Emperor paid most deference to, was a Ger- man Jesuit named Adam Schall, who. with James Rho, a colleague, was a member of the Astrononfical Board The Emperor treated the Jesuit as an intimate friend, built a splendid church for hi,n at Peking, ordered, at his request, that Christians throughont the Empire should be free from molestation, and even entered on a course of instruction himself with a view to embracing the Catholic faith. He died, however, at an early age without being received into the church. Owing to the intri- gues of a Massuhnan astronomer, Father Schall fell into disfavor at Court and an anti-Christian move- inent was sent on foot, but as soon read disapointment and failure, there contact with him. .are often to be found the elements of future success, and it may be that the vicissitudes through which Catholic missionary work has passed in China were in some mysterious way a necessary preparation for the growth of the Church's influence there in years to come. But to the human judgment, limited as it is, it sems strange that the Catholic church should have come so near But as a foreigner as K'ang-hi, a prince of enlightened he was held in suspicion as well as views, came to the throne, the Jesuits his hrother Jesuits. Amidst the gravest difficulties he went to Peking, was courteously received by the Emperor, converted the Prime Minister, Su Kwang Ki, founded a novitiate in the capital for Chinese whom he had won to the faith, es- tablished a seminary at Macao and as Superior of the .lesuit m/ssion- aries in China paved the way for the became influential. Two of a band sent out by Louis XIV of France in I685, Fathers Gerbillion and Bouvert, were appointed general advisers to the Emperor, and the outlook for the Catholic missions became very bright. There were then three hundred thousand Christians in the Chinese Empire. A beautiful Cathedral church was built in the palace grounds, and the important question whether China was to hecome ofti- cially Christian was freely discussed. It was proposed that the practice of ancestral rites should be permit- ted to Chinese converts, on the ground that these rites were not re- ligions but mere civil functions, and that the use of the Chinese language should be allowed in the liturgy. The Holy See, having examined the mat- ter, found that the request could not bc complied with, and toleration of the rites was distinctly probihited hy Benedict XIV in the Bull "cx quo singulari." Persecution followed per- sccution from that time forward for many a year. Hundreds of Catholic churches were destroyed or turned into pagan temples, and many names were added to the list of martyrs. But, for about a quarter of a century the Catholic missionaries have been recovering lost ground, and now there are over a million Catholics in the Empire, a good per- centage of the priests being natives. The Protestants are provided with more ample funds from Great Bri- tain, Germany and America, but they are at a disadvantage. They are split up into a multitude of sects. There are at least a hundred of these dif- ferent Protestant churches in China and the Chinese to whom they ad- dress themselves wonder at their diversity of doctrine, but do not ad- mire it. Then the uxorious tendencies of some of fife Protestant mission- aries are subjects of comment. A local paper on the death of one of them and his fourth wife some years ago made merry over the meeting of the four wives in the other world. If China is converted to Christi- anity it will be hy Catholic mission- aries, and their opportunities for at least a considerable period will largely depend on the way in which events shape themselves at the result of the present rising. It is reported, and it is to be hoped the report is true, that while the revolutionists are strongly opposed to foreign domiaation, they are not at all hostile  to efforts made purely for the pro- agation of religion.C. B. P., in the Catholic Times. ENGLAND ALARMED OVER DECREASING BIRTH RATE. .z The falling off of the hirth rate in England is causing some alarm. In 19o5 the figures read: 27.2 per Looo; tn I91o, 24.3 per I,ooo. The Protest- ant Bishop of London thinks that something has got to be done. He said recently: "It is as completely roved as anything can be that the cause of all this is deliberate preven-, tion of conception. Now, it is to stem this gigantic evil, that I summon the forces of the chnrch today. The Ro- man Catholic Churchall honor to it--has never wavered in condenming such prevention of conception as a sin, and it would ill become the Church of England to condemn less clearly the practice which, if contin- ued, must eat away the heart and drain away the life blood of our country." The Rex,. Bernard Vaughan, Jesuit preacher of London, speaking at the Catholic Cluh in New York City on "'/'he Faith That Makes Us Free," said: "I saw a headline in one of the afternoon papers, in which it was said that I had justified myself as a wo- man hater. I do not hate women and you know that I am going to meet thent here at this club soon so I will get a chance to see which is hetter yourselves or your better halves. But I do say that the evils of today are to be ascribed to the cradleless home and the creedless church. Any blooming idiot can he vicious, but it takes a bit of a hero to stand on the side of virtne. The true faith is the I helieving of things that we cannot prove. It is the acceptance of the words of our divine teacher, Jesus Christ, that makes ns free. Faith that is based on authority and not on reason is the true faith. Everything was based on authority, from the cradle to the grave. The whole fabric of our government is based on au- thority, and so it must be in religion. You take a prescription from your doctor, and you do not know what it is. You take advice from your lawyer because you do not under- stand the intricacies of the law. And the same nmst apply with religion." TO STUDY SOCIALISM. New York, Dec. 8,The Laymen's League of Retreats and Social Stud- ies has opened in the rooms of the Fordham Law School, /4o Nassau street, New York city, its school of Social Studies. The spiritual direc- tor. Rev. J. T. Shealy, S. J., presided at the first session and will conduct the first ternt's work of the sehool. The School of Social Studies is in- tender! to train a corps of Catholic lecturers upon social questions of the time, so that they may be able to spread among Catholic "men--and particularly anmng Catholic work- ingmena sound knowledge of social facts. The subject of Socialism will be dealt with exhaustively from l the Catholic vmwpoint and'with es- pecial reference to the interests of the workingmen. The School of Social Studies will graduate, in due course, a corps of lectnrers thoroughly versed in the subject of Socialism in all its aspects. The !ectnrcrs will be sent out to parish societies, clubs or any form of Catholic organization that may de- sire their services at any time. The lecturers will give their services frec of charge although traveling ex- penses may be provided) on the con- dition that no admission fee be charged to the lectures. The regular sessions of the School of Social Studies will be held at the rooms of the Frodham University Law School on Mondays and Thurs- days of each week at 8 p. m. The first term was hegun on Mon- day, Novenlbcr 6, and will end on Thursday, December 14. The second term will begin on Monday, January 15, t912, and will continue until the year's work is completed. The course will consist of twenty- four lectures in three departments as follows: A--Socialism in its principles is ir- retigious and immoral--twelve lec- tures hy the Rev. Terence Shealy, S. j. B--Socialism's appeal to the work- nan is delusive and dangeroussix lectures by Prof. John A. Ryan. CSocialism in its proposals is impracticable and impossihlesix lectures by Thomas F. Woodlock. Students and Lecturers. The work of the school is designed to equip the students for lecturing purposes; consequently the prepara- tion of lectures will he a distinctive feature of the class work. The School of Social Studies wilt offer during the school year a course of popular lectures under the especial patronage of His Eminence John Cardinal Farley, of New York, the i bonorary president. These lectureS will be given at Cathedral College at intervals of two weeks and ad- mission will be free to men and women. The tirst series in this course will be given by the Rev. John Corhett, S. J., on "The Church and the Age," heing four lectures as follows: "The Church and Historical Research," "The Church and Biblical Criticism, "The Church's Index of Forbidden l Books," "The Church and Recent Errors." Conde B. Pallen, Ph. D., managing editor fo the Catholic Encyclopedia, will give two lectures: "The Root of Socialism," and "The Present con- flict," Other lecturers in the course will be James J. Walsh, M. D. Ph., D., and Andrew J. Shipman. The league has in view the publi- cation of valuable pamphlets and tracts on social questions which it proposes to circulate widely. OUR SEMINARY FOR FOREIGN MISSIONS, The speedy opening of the Catholic Foretgn Missionary Seminary of America, as announced in another part of The Morning Star, marks one of the most important steps ever taken by the Hierarchy of America and emphasizes in a special manner not only the fact so lately pro- claimed by our Holy Father, Pope Plus X, that the United States is no longer classed among the missionary countries of the world and has been taken from under the jurisdiction of the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith, but it speaks in far-reaching notes of the great work that has been accomplish- ed by our Bishops and priests i/. building up the faith in our dear land. The idea of founding the Seminaey for Foreign Missions was proiected at the meeting in Washington last sprirg of ,he Archbishops ef the United States. At this meeting it was unanimously agreed tllat the time was ripe for the Catholic Church in the United States to enter upon the training of priest especi01- ly d.stined for work among heathens and t,.'o priests especially i]tted to undertake the work of establishing the Seminary upon enduring founda- tions were instructed to go to Rome for the necessary authorization, and to visit the seminaries of Europe for the purpose of securing information necessary for the development of this important work. These tw priests, the Rev. Thomas F. Price of Raleigh, N. C., and the Rev. James Anthony Walsh of Boston, have now returned ready to take up the work, their project having been commended personally by the Holy Father in an autograph letter and by the Congre- gation of the Propaganda. The new Seminary is to be situat- ed at Hawthorne, New York, the place made famous as the home of the American author, Nathaniel Hawthorne, whose daughter, so well known as Mrs. George Paro-ts Lathrop, now presides as a Catholic Nun over the great chart'table insti- :ution of St. Rose's Home f,'r Cancer Patients. The organizers of the new: Seminary will proceed at once to form the Catholic Foreign Mission- ary Society of America, and pro- vision will be made as soon as con- venient to organize an apostolic school where boys of fourteen and over will be received. This pre- p.,ratory seminary will be established somewhere in the Middle West as a feeder for the theological seminary. Besides students of their own train- ing, th management of the Seminary for Foreign Missions will accept senior students who have completed their classical course and young priests who desire to devote them- selves to work in the foreign ntis- sions. The Seminary will be control- ed by the Catholic Foreign Missioh Society and will be modeled after'th'. best traditions of .the famous "Mis- sion Etrangers de Paris" and the great Missionary College founded at Mill Hill by Cardinal Vaughan. It will be conducted along the lines follewed successfully at Mill Hill, Paris, Milan and Steyl, Holland. The field to which future students will hc sent has not yet heen decided, but it is known that the organizers have expressed a preference for ntis- sions in Eastern Asia, where it is recognized by Rome and observant prelates in this country there is strong and urgent need of English- s eaking missionaries, and especially from the United States. Father Price is well known as the Editor of Truth as also for his noble work anmng the missions of North Carolina; while Father Walsh has been for the past nine years connected with the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, of which he has boen director in the Archdiocese of Boston. He has also been the editor of that well-known missionary journal, The" Field Afar, and through this journal an educa- tional campaign on Catholic Foreign Missions will be conducted in the United States. It will be impossible to estimate the missionary zeal and fervor which the :establishment of this new mis- sionary center will create in the United States. The last act of His Enfinence, Cardinal Falconio, before sailing for Rome was to write a letter to the founders of the Senfinary ex- pressing his faith in the work about to be inaugurated attd bestowing the apostolic hlessing. Hitherto the young candidate who wished to devote his life to the work of the Church in heathen lands had to go himself to a foreign land to re- ceive the preparatory training. Now our young missionaries will he equipped on our own soil, and know- ing the heroic struggles their fore- fathers made for the upbuilding of the faith, will be all the. more fired with the apostolic zeal and en- thusiasm to bring its blessings to i those who have not even an idea of the life saving Goslel of Christ. May God prosper the work and may the Catholic Foreign Missionary Semi- nary of America one day take its place among the great seminaries which have given saints to God and brought countless souls to the Ban- quet of the Eternal Life.New Orleans Morning Star. THE FRIENDS AFTER DEATH. A father once related to his chil- dren the following parable: The viceroy of a certain island was once smmnoned by his lord the king to render an account of his government. Those of his friends on whom he had placed the greatest reliance suffered him to depart, and did not move from their place; others in whom he had not a little confidence, went with him only as far as the ship; but some in whom he had scarcely trust- ed at all, accompanied him through the whole of the distant journey, even to the king's throne, spoke in his favor, and obtained for him the grace of the king. The children did not understand who these friends could be. Their father, therefore, said: "Man also has three kinds of friends on earth; ,which, however, for the most part, he does not learn to know rightly 'till the time when he is called from this world to give acount of his ac- tions and omissions. The first class of these friends, wealth and posses- sions, remain behind. The second, his relations, accompany hint only to the grave. The third, his good works, follow him into eternity, even to the throne of God, where it will be 'rendered to each according to his works,' and w"ere even !.he cnp of cold water which is gi'en jo one who thirsts, will not be unrewa'lded. How thoughtlessly, 'then does, the man act who does not concern him- self in the least degree about tlese true frlends! ,i They're Not Afraid It is pleasant to note that the' Apostolic Delegate, the monks and the nuns have refused to join in the Italian stampede from Tripoli. They heave a work to perform,and if death comes it will find them at their posts. The Turks do not always set a high appreciaion on such forti- tude; but the crown of martyrdom has ever been coveted by the real Christian apostle,