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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
December 7, 1962     Arkansas Catholic
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December 7, 1962

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THE GUARDIAN DEC. 7, 19625 • 0 o the uesh n Box Very Rev. Msgr. John E. Murphy, S.T.D. Professor of Moral Theology and Vice-Rector St. John's Seminary, Little Rock, Ark. understand that Cath- cannot be married during Why is there such a holies may be married Advent -- what i's not OWed (without special per- is the solemnization of marriage. The Nuptial Mass, the Nuptial Blessing, would allowed unless the bishop such for a just cause. :The four weeks of Advent a period during which should prepare for coming of the Christ Child. it is hardly the time for to indulge, at least public- in merriment and social 1 i k e marriage It is strongly recommended every engaged couple, be- making any definite plans their marriage date, con- a priest (preferably the pas- of the bride), and arrange a time that will enable to receive all the graces blessings of a truly Cath- wedding. q.Are sins against charity or venial sins? L--They can be either mor- venial. A harsh word to neighbor would violate char- slightly, and thus be a sin. To wish serious evil him would be a serious vie- of charity• The virtue of charity prompts to love God above all things, our neighbor as ourselves of God. I, ove demands let we wish well to others, and mt we turn evil away from In general, it would be sinful to refuse to wish Small good to another, or not save them from a slight evil. if the matter is important, and nothing prevents us or ex- us from acting, charity will oblige us under serious penalty. Questions for this column should be addressed directly to The Very Rev Msgr. John E. Murphy, Vice Rector, St. John's Home Missions Semi- nary, Little Rock, Ark. Tae must be signed with the name and address of the per- son submitting them. Un- signed questions will be ignored. Q.--My parents a r e very strict an the Legion of Decen- cy, and though I am 13, they won't let me go to pictures rated for adults. A.--If you are only 13 years old, you certainly cannot be rated as an adult; and your parents are right in letting you go only to movies that are rated for the whole family. Q.--What is the difference between a pastor and the ad- ministrator of a parish? Do they have the same duties? A:--The law of the Church distinguishes between a pastor and wrious kinds of adminis- trators or vicars. The pastor is assigned to take care of the faithful in a particular terri- tory, with ordinary power over his subjects; the pastor may be said to be appointed on a permanent basis, although he may be transferred to another parish. Administrators are not per- manently assigned, but are usually only temporarily in their office. While they serve as administrators, they trove, in general, with few exceptions, the same duties in the spiritual and temporal order as a pastor would have. From the point of view of the faithful, there is God Love You Great Small Gifts Most Rev. Fulton J. Sheen , Our Blessed Lord very often 'SPeaks of that which we call Otlr wn s belonging to an- other. First of all, it be- longs to ttim; secondly, any surplus that we have be- longs to our neighbor. The only things that we have that are real- ly our o w n are what we Ire. 1 possessions, be it our our cal" or the money in ;Our pockets, are tied to us by a ;Very thin thread, like the pearls tha't are sometimes sewn into the jackets of Eastern sultans but shake off as they walk. Our apparent ownership is only for a moment; we merely transmit: !"'Twas mine, 'tis His, and has :been slave to thousands." The best Way to double our 'riches is to share them--if the :Sun ever folded back upon it- 'self, it would lose its light, and We would be in darkness. Even the smallest gift may be em- Ployed for the highest end. Out of all who dropped money into the treasury of the Temple, it Was the woman who gave two l)eunics on whom Our Lord's eyes dwelt with the greatest love. In the same spirit, notice that the "God l,ove Yon's" we extend to those who make sac- rifices are usually for small amounts, but they are offerings Xvrappcd with tremendeus love of the Church and the Mis- Sions. Those who have great Dossessions find them hard to , Part with for spiritual pur- poses. But those who give the little they have part with more, because they give a greater percentage of wealth, and they do it gladly. Timre is a beautiful rabbini- cal story that when Moses was tending Jethro's flock in Midian. a kid went astray. He sought it and found it drinking at a spring. "Thou art weary," he said, and lifted it on his should- ers and carried it home. Thczi God said to him: "Since thou hast pity for a man's beast, thou shalt be the shepherd of Is- rael, my flock." May we ask you to sacrifice some luxury each day, set aside the equivalent and then send it to the Holy Father through his Society for the ]Propagation of the Faith. Though you give little, you will be giving much, for it will be representative of your love for God and His Mis. sions. GOD LOVE YOU to C.B.P. for $3.05 "I am seven years old• At lIalloween, for my trick or treat, I asked for pennies for lhe poor children in tim Mis- sions. I hope this helps them." • . . to T.J.L. for $20 "To use as lira Holy Father sees fit." . . • B.H. for $1 "For the first time I am trying to help instead of just crying over the stories of the hungry in mission lands. I will send more as soon as I can." . • • to Dr. H. M. for $5 "My brother, who is also a" doc- tor, has a habit of letting his medical records stack up quite high before he completes them. I promised to send this offer- ing to the Missions if he finish. ed theln all at one sitting, lle must really love the Missions --he did!" little practical difference be- tween the pastor and the ad- ministrator. There are various reasons why an administrator might be appointed to a parish. Thus, when a pastor is transferred or dies, the parish may have an .administrator until such time as a pastor may be appointed• If the pastor becomes incapaci- tated, an administrator may be assigned to assist the pastor or to substitute for him. When the pastor is away from the parish, for what may be an extended period of time, an administra- tor may be appointed to take his place for that period. There are certain technical differences between various kinds of "vicars" and adminis- trators; but in common parlance, they are often all included in the broad term "administrator•" Q.--Can a person commit the sin of gluttony only by over.eating? A.Gluttony is a capital sin 'of a two-fold nature. It is the inordinate longing for, or in- dulgence in, food and drink. In the first instance, since hunger is a natural reaction which prompts one to eat, this longing is directed to the desire for food over and above the necessity of bodily requirement. In tim second instance, glut- tony results from the use of food or drink in such quantity as to be unnatural or unreason- able. This also extends to the quality of food or drink, the overindulging in special dishes or drinks, simply because they are so tasty. hnmoderation in eating or drinking is only venially sinful, unless there are other reasons which make it more serious (that is, by giving scandal, or injuring one's health by it.) Excess in drinking of alco- holic beverages may be: (a) venially sinful when it results in a partial loss of reason, be- coming more seriously sinful because of scandal or injury to one's health; (b) mortally sin- ful when it results in complete loss of reason, brought on with- out sufficient ca¢lse. By such loss of reason is meant failure to be able to dis- tiuguish between good and evil acts, oz', when memory is im- paired, the failure to remember what occurred during tim time of intoxication. The taking of narcotics, such as morphine, opium, barbitu- ates, etc., is venially sinful if taken without a sufficient rea- son, for example by prescrip- tion of a doctor; the taking of drugs is mortally sinful when loss of reason results. Q.--I have just received some religious articles (rosary, med. als, etc.) that belonged to my aunt who died recently. As. suming these articles were blessed, is it necessary to have them reblessed in order to gain the prescribed indulgences? A1. so, does a person gain indul. gences on a rosary he borrowed from another person? A.--At one time, indulgences affixed to religious articles but also to the persons for whom those articles were in- tended, so that, if such articles after their use changed hands (by gift, hereditary succession, findings, or sale), they lost the indulgences, However, after the promulgation of the Code of Canon Law, the indulgences were regarded as being affixed to tlie religious articles only. According to Canon 924 of the Code of Canon Law, indul- gences attached to rosaries or elher sacred objects cease only , when the rosaries or other ob- jects are completely destroyed or are soId. Consequently, the indulgences are attached di- rectly to the articles, rather than to the persons who own the articles• Therefore, you could gain any indulgences on the rosary, medals, etc. You can also gain the indulgences on a borrowed rosary. ST. RANGE_ _BUT TRU E Fo,,, Co,00o-i00o5 By M. 1. MURRAY ght, 1960, ?.O.W.C. 'nrs /ORrl{ lMgRl¢4a .6tR//V[ AFIRT FROI GIJADALUP£ WaERE OUR LAD'/ /441€/F£$TED .HE.SELl: 1/q A L/fliNG MA,'V,VER l, ,47" CAP-Z:}E- -1..4 MADELEIN£ ON 714E ST LAURENCE. IN 18gg THE FAdE OF Tills /VlglDONNA ,STATUE ECRh'IE AI, III,,qTED FoR SEv'K,AL IVlldlJTE$, IM 774,.. €" .... fE..cF.,VCE OF ,.rF. I, VIT,,,'',*"O. The Life of Our Lord Teachers or the Law By Frank J. Sheed After the destruction of the Temple in 70 A.D., the Sadducees dis- appear -- n o Temple meant n o sacrifices, no place there- fore for a priestly class; total national hum ill ation meant no place for a ruling class skilled in managing for- eign rulers. From the crushing of Bar Cochbar's revolt in 135 A.D., the Pharisees alone have shaped the religious life of their shattered, scattered peo- ple. We can but gaze in admira- tion at the courage, tenacity, determination to do God's will, with which they have brought the Jewish people through €he last nine-teen hundred years. If only all that energy and virtue could have been in the service of Christ! It is one of the world's tragedies that when Is- rael brought forth its supreme glory, the most living element in Israel rejected Him. Their turning from Our Lord was one of history's decisive turning points. Nothing would have been the same if they had ac- cepted Itim. To understand why they did not, we must do our best to see the Pharisees as they were at the time the great decision was made. Our first feeling is that they were arrogant, greedy for men's applause, greedy for money, hypocites above all. And with all these faults Our Lord Himself changes them. His words do not mean that there were no good men among them. Some of them became Christians (Acts XV.5), and of such a man was Gamaliel, who did not, any religion might be proud• But certainly as a body they must have been passing through a bad period: it may have needed the shock of the destruction of the Tem- ple to bring out the best in them. When we are considering their sins, we must remember tlree balancing considerations. 1) The great Pharisaic writers themselves scourged the very faults in Pharisees whicl! pro- duced the great burst of rage from Our Lord (Matthew XXIII). 2) The same faults could be urged against our- selves: Catholics from the high- est to the lowest have been guilty of them. St. John Chry- sostom was not the first or the last to say "We imitate the hypocrites, we have even sur- passed them" (Hem. XX on Mt.) 3) A religion--be it Phari- see or Catholic or any other-- is entitled to be judged by what it actually teaches, hot by the various levels of the failure of its members to live up to it. In the study of Pharisaism at its best, we shall find the seed of the great refusal• Let us return to the cleavage between Pharisees and Saddu- cees. Both accepted the text "Fear God and keep his com. mandments." This is the whole meaning of man ' (Eccles. XII. 13). But for the Sadducees the commandments were to be found only in the five books of Moses. The Pharisees held that God continued speaking through the prophets, thus bringing the inspired word on to Malaehy, the last of them; and that He spoke still through the commentators, the scribes. His voice sounded clear and direct tlu-ough the Prophets, their key phrase was "ThuS saith the Lord." It came more by way of guidance through the scribes, who were content to in- terpret Moses and the Prophets, their key phrase being "Thus it is written." The Sadduceos complained that the interpretations of the scribes were frequently not in the Torah--the Teaching---and indeed the connection was of. ten slender to vanishing point. The law of vengeance, an eye for an eye and a tooth for & tooth, emerged in rabbinic writ° ing as a payment of money for bodily damage: indeed in all their teaching upon penalties, the Pharisees were much mild- er than the Sadducees. The truth is that the Pharisees saw, as their opponents did not, the need or a continuance of teach- ing. God had not said His last word to mankind fifteen hun- dred years before in the Syrian desert. Men could grow, men could learn by living. The word that God spoke to their imma- turity might not be Itis word for them now. Quite simply they saw the need for a development of teaching to match the develop- ment of humanity. The ques- tion was not whether some freshly-minted law was in the See LIFE on Page 6