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Arkansas Catholic
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December 5, 1969     Arkansas Catholic
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December 5, 1969
 

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PAGE 10 THE GUARDIAN, DECEMBER 5, 1969 Centennial Recalling Vatican Council I Rome (NC) -- The FirstCouncil papal primacy. And in many ways in matters pertaining to faith and of the Vatican opened its delibera- tions, one century ago, on Dec. 8, 1869. It sat seven months, and sus- pended its sessions indefinitely af- ter Piedmontese troops captured papal Rome. It never met again. It is remembered chiefly for de- fining the doctrine of papal infal- libility and for failing, through lack of time, to define the role of bishops within the Church. It saw the end of the pope's temporal power and raised him, through its definitions, to the recognized height of his spiritual power. It is regarded as the last of the authoritarian councils. Yet its most far-reaching achievement was not the definition of papal infallibility, but of the it was the first of the modern councils. It was the first council to meet in the modern world of instantan- eous communications, rapid trans- portation, and political democrati- zation. The communications made theCouncil's day-by-day debates a topic for breakfast-table conver- sation, while a revolution in tran- sportation swelled the number of council participants to almost 750. Yet in this world where the sub- jects of kings had for the most part become the citizens of na- tions, the council affirmed the Pope's full and supreme power over the entire Church, pastors and faithful alike. All Catholics were to submit to him "not only morals but also in those pertain- ing to the discipline and govern- ment of the Church throughout the world." The new world of political lib- eralism looked upon the council with suspicion, and the council looked upon the world with de- clared disapproval. Pins IX's bull explained: "It now is clear and evident to all men what a terrible storm is tossing the Church about, andwhat vast evils are afflicting civil so- ciety. For the Catholic Church, with its saving doctrine and ven- erable power, and this Holy See's supreme authority, are attacked and stomped upon by the bitterest enemies of God and man...so RK SHOPPING CENTER MARKHAM & UNIVERSITY, LITTLE ROCK Located in the center of Holy Souls and Good Counsel Parishes... Every service at your fingertips... Plenty FREE Parking... Friendly Merchants! 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We have paid our GUARDIAN SUBSCRIPTION ! that not only our holy religion but human society itself is plunged in an unspeakable state of disor- der and suffering. Therefore, we have judged it opportune to sum- mon into general council all our venerable brothers from the whole Catholic world, who have been called to share in our solicitude." The first Vatican Council con- demned athe is m, materialism, fideism (the doctrine that reason cannot attain to a knowledge of God) self-sufficiency (the denial of the role of grace in human perfection), rationalism, natural- ism, religious indifferentism, and a handful of other efforts not re- ducible to concise nomenclature. The definition of the primacy by the council enable Pins IX to consolidate the work of centrali- zation which he considered essen- tial to the defense of the Church against encroaching nationalism, and statism. The Council Fathers of Vatican I did not conceive their task as framing a juridical statement on papal primacy. The official rela- tor of the council's doctrinal com- mittee told the council that recent errors concerning the primacy, which had been defined at the Council of Florence in the 15th Century, called for authoritative explanation of the primacy. The relator, Bishop Zinelli of Treviso, stated: "It is well known that the Church's custom is to employ new dogmatic formulas when faced with new errors. Such is the custom in our age, when some have expressed the dangerous opinion that the pope cannot, in any other diocese outside that of Rome, exercise the functions that each bishop usually carries out in his diocese. This opinion is ad- vanced on the pretext that the pope would thus do injury to episcopal power." This is how the chapter on "the power and nature of the primacy of the Roman Pontiff" was ex- plained to the Council Fathers be- fore they voted on it. In all proba- bility, it represents how they un- derstood what they were votingfor. The key words in the explanation are "dogmatic formulas." The key words in the chapter-heading are "nature of the primacy." The bishop of Angers, France, Charles Freppel, declared amid applause by the Council Fathers that they were making a dogma- tic decree, not a disciplinary de- cree. Even one of the Council Fathers opposing any new empha- sis on the pope's authority, Bis- hop Jacques Ginoulhiac of Gren- oble, France, stated explicitly that both in a legal sense and in a theological sense the pope has or- dinary and immediate jurisdiction (that is, jurisdiction following from his office and not by virtue of intermediaries) over every single diocese. All the bishops admitted the pope's primacy. Yet many of them wanted some limits set to its exercise and the problem of lim- iting its exercise is the very one pressed today in polemics and irenics over the Curia and col- legiality. Pope Paul VI will attend a emn commemoration at the Auditorium near Vatican the centenary of the opening First Vatican Council. speaker at the 5 P. M. will be Pietro Cardinal of the Roman Curia. Pope Paul VI spent a Sunday afternoon on an plan island in the midst o?: Vatican gardens." The occasion was the oration of the 50th the opening of the Pool opian College, the coB, students to be located can City state. The college is located half up the Vatican hill within dow of St. Peter's basilic opened by Pope Benedict 1919. Representatives of committees of a dozen of world's bishops' conferences met top officials of the Hol Doctrinal Congregation to ways of improving such tees. Franjo Cardinal Seper, of the Doctrinal presided at the two-day mee According to a the Holy See's press office;i purposes, organization otis of doctrinal commiffees' under study, as well as between the committees and respective episcopal individual bishops, seminaries, theologians, ars and editors. *** Pope Paul VI has ed the seminary system priest's t o t a 1 through celibacy, to the Speaking in St. Peter's lica to Milanese laymen wll support institutions for the ing of priests, he called seminary "that providential tution." Tennessee Says P roperty Taxable Nashville, Tenn. Church-owned property u' printing purposes is taxation, according to a ruling issued by the State of Equalization. The board based its a finding that properties by four church groups in ville are used for poses and not purely for purposes. i