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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
December 4, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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December 4, 1920

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PAGE SIX THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1920. SMITH-TOWNER BILL MAY BE POSTPONED FOR ECONOMY SAKE Immigration Question to be One of Big Problems of Short Session of Congress. (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Washington, D. C., Nov. 27. In an- ticipation of the convening of Con- gress next month legislative pro- grams are already under discussion. Both the Smith-Towner educational bill and the immigration question fig- ure in these discussions. Action on the Smith-Towner bill,es- pecially, is being ought by its advo- cates who are trying to enlist various organizations to that end. The immi- gration question has been brought forward by the American Federation of Labor which is just now trying to eliminate radicalism from its ranks. Fortunately for the legislators who must grapple with these problems, the furst will probably be disposed of on other grounds than the merits or de- merits of the educational bill itself. The first and dominating consideration with Congress for the moment is econ- omy and as the Smith-Towner bill involves the appropriation of $100,- 000,000 it is not likely to receive fa- vorable consideration from either house of Congress at this time. More- over, there is opposition to it in both houses, which will lead to debate. Rou- tine legislation alone will be almost sufficient to occupy the attention of Congress during the short session. For the same reason it is not probable that the immigration will be taken up un- less it is in the way of an investiga- tion which may form the basis for leg- islation to be undertaken when the new Congress is inaugurated. Sentiment in favor of the restriction of immigration has become more pro- nounced as a result of the war. This is due largely to the flood of aliens which is now pouring into the United States from almost every country in Eurol)e and to the fact that with them is being brought to this country some of the radicalism which has taken root in the countries where its growth has been stimulated by the distress caused by the war. The Federation of Labor, which has always favored the restric- tion of immigration, is accentuating especially the latter objection and will undoubtedly base its pleas to the com- mittees of Congress on this ground. Much Of the immigration, on the other hand, is of the type which has in the past developed by earnest labor the resources of this country and how to discriminate between this and the radical element which exists in nearly every Enropean country to some ex- tent is the problem for whicli Con- gress must try to find a solution. The Smith-Towner bill will proba- bly not come up for serious consider- ation until after next March, when, it is expected, Congress will be called in special session by the new President. Even at that ime serious economic problems and the League of Nations controversy may intervene to prevent its being taken up until far into the summer. In the meantime it is not im- probable that the bill nmy be reshaped to meet some of the objections now madeagainst it. No secret is made by diplomatists generally, and even by the Poles themselves, that Bolshevist menace from the east has become more threat- ening than ever against the Catholic countries standing as outposts on that Garrison Villard, of the Nation, will, according to doplomatic prognostica- tions, become the subject of informal, if not formal, diplomatic interchanges before the committee has concluded its labors. The British government, through its embassy in Washington, has notified the special committee, which is con- ducting the inquiry, that it does not aprpove of the purposes of the inves- tigation. There will be no witnesses, I therefore, to present the English point I of view. CIRCULATION P!2AN BEING TRIED IN CHICAGO BY NEW WORLD'S EDITOR (By N. C. W. C. News Selwice.) Chicago, Ill., Nov. 12.--Believing that the Catholic pulpit and the Catho- lic press are close allies in promoting the Catholic Faith, Father C. F. Don- ovan, Managing Editor of the New World, the Archdiocesan newspaper of Chicago, and one of the clients of the N. C. W. C. News Service, has put into effect a new plan to increase the paper's circulation. Here is his scheme: The New World formed an alliance with the Holy Name Society, ,giving up a page every issue to Holy Name News, and in gneral making the pa- per a Holy Name propagandlst. Fath- er Donovan then arranged through the parish officers of the Holy Name So- ciety and the parish priest, to make a special appeal in each parish. After a short talk on the value of Catholic Literature and Catholic Newspapers, Father Donovan urges the congrega, tion to subscribe to the New World. Father Donovan, like all good sales- men, is an enthusiast over what he is offering, and when he makes his prop- osition, the congregation is generally "sold" on it. As th mass concludes, a member of the parish Holy Name branch sta- tioned in the rear of the church hands out cards on which the heads of house- holds are asked to write their names and addresses. The New World is sent to these ad- dresses, the lecipient having the priv- ilege of rejecting it or becoming a subscriber. I "Not two per cent of the peop'.e who I get the New World that way, drop the i subscription," said Father Donovan. ] The Editor-Priest is not a believer[ in the something for nothing plan, so I he turns over to the Holy Name branch I in the parish, the sum of money that represents the average cost of getting subscriptions through the regular method of soliciting. In addition the New World agents follow up these addresses after the congregation has had a chance to receive and read the paper, and Jn that way permanently secure them as subscribers. Father Donovan has just concluded carrying his unique circulation scheme into 23 different parish churches and has added thousands of subscribers to his newspaper. Meanwhile he carries a "front page dress" on the back page of the New World, and devotes the entire page to the activities of the Holy Name Socie- ty and the Big Brother movement which it carries on.  UNITARIANS ARE CHRISTIANS Religion in the Schools. Mr. Taft advocated teaching religion in the schools, saying that without it the teaching of morality is lacking in inspiration. He continued: "Education is an essential basis for successful popular Government, and it is predicated on the assumption troubled borderland. It is suspected that with education men will make that the Bolshevist success in crush- good citizens, will see clearly what ing General Wrangel in the South will ] the public interest is and will use be merely preliminary to another on- I their influence and vote and activities slaught upon Poland by the Trotzkyito promote that interest. But educa- army which will not have a hostile ltion alone, without the instilling of Russian force to divert its attention lmoral principle, and without the when tlie new drive upon Warsaw is strengthening of that morality with undertaken. 'the religious spirit, may often prove Charges by the Bolshevik leaders that Poland is violating the armistice agreement already point" the way to a break between them and the Polish government. The record of the Bolshe- vik leaders, who openly avow that treaties are mere expedients and are not to be taken seriously, show that they can easily find pretexts for dis- avowing them, and the fact that Po- land has such a treaty with Russia is looked upon in diplomatic quarters as a very doubhtful security. The other Catholic country, Ar- menia, is already giving way before the onslaugh of the Turkish Nation- alists who have been riendly with the Bolsheviki and will probably profit tiy their success in wiping out the rem- nants of the Wrangel forces. There is a very.well defined opinion i n Washington that the unfavorable turn of affairs in eastern Europe will to give to citizens a knowledge, with- out the moral impulse to use it prop- erly. "Ours is a call to the unconverted. Ours is a message of hope to those @ho are drifting into an indifference which will not make for their future happiness, which will not enable them to meet the certain sorrows and dis- appointments of life and will not give them that calm basis for contentment that religion furnishes. "This campaign for $3,000,000 is to enable the Unitarian Churches of this country, through their various agen- cies, to initiate an affirmative, mili- tant movement, not to proselyte or to win people from other churches, but to reach those and bring religion to those whom other churches may not be able to influence. We have organ- ized far and well." force the League of Nations now sit- CROSS ATLANTIC BY AIR ROUTE. tjng at Geneva to take up the ques-, tion. The other alternative Is the'rec- London engineers are planning for ognition of the Bolshevik government a weekly airship service across the as the de facto authority in Russia lAtlantic. The airships can carry P.4 and the resumption of trade relations, tons of passengers, mails and freighL with that country. I Each trip will cost about $10,000. The inquiry into conditions in Ire- land undertaken by the Committee ap- [ --Cds---Christmas and New Years-- 9ointed at the suggestion of Oswald Artistic and Religioua--BOOKERY. Knights of Columbus Society Activities JOHN McCORMACK IN AUSTRALIA William P. Larkin of New York, su- preme director of the Knights of Col- umbus, has received the following from The Triad, an influential news- paper of Sydney, Australia, that ex- plains the situation that made it nec- essary for John McCormack, the fam- ous tenor, whose American citizenship, combined with other natural and ac- quired advantages, apparently render- ed him the target of attack by anti- American and anti-Irish elements in Australia. John McCormack's Australian tour has had an abrupt ending in circum- stances not very creditable to Aus- tralia. A campaign of petty persecu- tion based on the famous tenor's Irish birth and American citizenship has been going on since his arrival here and culminated in a demonstration at the close of a concert in Adelaide. The outburst was the work of a relativeIy vevy small section of the comnmnity, but on which exercises an influence in public affairs quite disproportionate to its numbers and strange mental at- tributes. Of course the vast majority of Australians have no feeling to- wards John McCormack save those of admiration and warm regard; but they are blameworthy in that they tolerate the growing influence of wretches who aspire to a tyranny based on sectarian hatred and sham patriotism. It is a very mean and vile tyranny which seeks to enslave the minds of tiiose who stand on grounds of principle and will ,in all circumstances, resist intru- sion upon the right to think freely. And to avoid actual brawling with the exponents of such tyranny. John Mc- Cormack wisely cancelled his remain- ing concerts in Australia. The people who have brought about this result are deliberately encour- aged by powerful political forces to play their ugly parts; in their brains seethe the dregs of a debased psychol- ogy bred of the recent "war to end wars;" they have come to regard themselves as privileged to intrude upon the sacred privateness of the mind and soul; and scarcely stop short of waylaying the more decent kind of citizen and forcing him " to state whether or not he is, at that moment, thinking reverently of the throne and person. But we must take leave of McCor- mack perhaps finally as far as Aus- tralia is concerned--and, in so doing; congratulate him on having comport- ed himself in difficult circumstances with the dignity proper to his ac- knowledged place in the world of art and of men. John McCormack leaves Australia as he came here---a great artist, a man of generous heart and firm principle, and a modest and cour- teous gentleman. On His Way Back. John McCormack, the well known American tenor, is on his way back to the United States with Denis Mc- Sweeney, his manager, after a trying experience in Australia during which insult and outrage were committed against him, according to letters re- ceived from McCormack and McSwee- hey by William P. Larkin of New York, Suprere Directors of the Knights of. Columbus. "Organized violence was planned against McCormack in several places," the letters state. "His standing as an American citizen was absolutely ig- nored by the bigots who sought to wreck the success of his tour." "I am not at liberty to make the full contents of the letters public," Mr. Larkin states, "but both Mr. Mc- Cormack and his manager are con- vinced that very serious trouble threatens in Australia. In fact, so in- tense are the feelings of certain pro and anti-British factions, and so un- scrupulously have the politicians play- ed upon those feelings, that the do- minion is on the way to civil war. McCormack's race and religion were attacked everywhere snamefully. Nev- er in McCormack's long career, has he experienced such inhospitable and hostile crowds. But he went through his concerts undismayed. 'The Triad,' an influential paper of Sydney. copy of which came with the letters, blames squarely the organized bigots Of Aus- tralia. It accuses powerful politicians of encouraging the demonstrations against McCormack. It describes the attacks on McCormack as "mean and vile tyranny which all Australians are guilty in tolerating." It concludes by congratulating McCormack on his art and gentlemanly qualities." Mr. Lar- kin added that, coincidentally with the McCormack letter, a request had come from Melbourne business men, ask- ing that a branch of the Knights of Cblumbus"be established there. SEVERAL STATES ENDORSE. Recent criticism of the Knights of Columbus offer of a $5,000,000 ne- mortal building to the American Le- gion on account of a misunderstanding of the scope of th t K. of C. war fund 'has led several state departments" of the Legion to endorse the proposition. Hornet's Nest Post of the Legion, at Charlotte, N. C,, recently went on rec- ord against the offer, but the execu- tive committee of the department of North Carolina endorsed the me- morial. Vermont is the latest state depart- ment to thank the K. of C. Adjutant Allen Fletcher of Montpelier has written K-C headquarters thankYng the Knights, in the name of the Ver- mont legionaries, for "their magnifi- cent offer." "The executive committee of the Department of Vermont," his I letter reads, "voted to instruct the ad- [ jutantto send to the national head- I quarters of the Knights of Columbus their appreciation of what the K. of C. have done for the Legion both during the war and since." WOMEN HONORED. Honors from the government of Fi- nance for five women workers of the Knights of Columbus were announced today at a meeting of supreme offi- cers of the Knights of Columbus at the Commodore Hotel, New York. The gold Medal of Honor for civilians has been awarded to Mrs. Catherine PeN letter and Mrs. R. Cummings of Bos- ton, Miss Mabel O'Callaghan of Rock- ville Center, L. I., Miss Mary Dallard of Nashville, Tenn., and Miss Car- melita Welsh of Springfield, Ohio. The Knights were also notified b Dr. Marcel Knecht of the French gov- ernment that the city of Paris had awarded silver citizenship medals to] twelve members of the K. of C. board of directors, including William J. Mc-[ Ginley and William P. Larkin of New] ' York. Ambassador Jusserand will per- I sonally bestow these medals and the Cross of the Legion of Honor on Su- preme Advocate Joseph C. Pelletier and Supreme Secretary McKinley on his return to America. WORKMEN'S SHARING IN INDUS- TRIAL MANAGEMENT. Recommended by Pastoral Letter and Reconstructmn. "Social " " (National Catholic Welfare Council N. C. W. C. Dept. of Social Action). Washington, D. C.--Employees' par- ticipation in industrial management as outlined in the Pastoral Letter of the American Hierarchy several nmnths ago and in the Reconstruction Pro- gram of two years ago is again being considered by the A. F. L. Two promi- nent engineers, Mr. Wolf and Mr. Her- bert Hoover, appeared before the ex- ecutive session of the A. F. L. and presented plans which were reported to be very similar to those recom- mended by the Pastoral Letter and the Reconstruction Program. Mr. Gompers is expected to make a statement in a few days urging the development of i the new policy. [ The opposition of the A. F. L. in] the past to scientfic management and I shop committees arose because scien- tific management was being intro- duced without prior consultation with the men affected by it, and because shop committees were being used as substitutes for labor unions. The un- ions now feel it possible to work with the engineers in the "humanizing of indust?y." There has been a noticeable change in the attitude of both the en- gineers and the unions (luring the last few years. The engineers are coming to realize that autocracy is unscien- tific and that the application of their plans requires the willing cooperation of the rank and file. The unions are beginning to believe that they can in- fluence the methods of increasing pro- duction through supplementary shop committees. Employee participation in industrial management, they say, will be an extension of the influence of men over their work if it is not vitiat- ed by employers' domination in such nmtters as wages, hours, etc. The Program of Social Reconstruc- tion came out for the same idea some two years ago. It said: "In addition to collective bargaining, labor ought gradually to receive greater represen- tation in the industrial part of busi- ness management." Since then, the Pastoral Letter of all the Bishops laid emphasis upon the same plan. Such an arrangement, according to "Social Reconstruction" and the Pas- toral Letter, would not be sufficient for permanent industrial peace. Col- lective bargaining together with work- men's sharing in industrial manage- ment still leaves-in the hands of the owners of industry the chief control of the economic system. Such matters as unemployment would remain prac- tically untouched for credit, finance and the policy of the business world determine the chief cycles of employ- ment. A tempered economic feudalism would still renmin, and as long as it remains the hope of permanent in- dustrial peace would still evade us. The Pastoral Letter and "Social Re- construction" bring out this fact. The Pastoral Letter says that "though the economic arrangements of the Middle Ages cannot be restored, the underly- ing principle is of permanent applica- tion and is the only one that will give stability to industrial society." Nevertheless, collective bargaining plus employees' participation in indus- trial management will probably be the next step in the economic position of the workers in ninny industries. The present "open shop" drive, however, can throw the unions back into the narrower policy of self-defense or push them on to farther reaching de- mands. PAPER MONEY. There is evidence that paper money was in use in China 2897 years ago, in the form of circulating bank notes not unlike those that form part of our WOMAN SUFFRAGE At Savannah Ga. had presented up to a late hour Many negro women were refused ballots. judges held that en had registered since: amendment was barred from voting by requires registration six advance of an election. "This bell," said the sexton, when showing the village church to a itors, "is only rung in from the Lord Bishop, or some other such ANNO[ E. J. Mahoney, announce to his friends the removal of his office South Cross street to Trust Building. Phone X-mas Candy in Santa- for the children, containing sticks of pure sugar Santa Claus boxes for $5.00. Schools and is of special interest to now receiving orders 15th forwarding. Candy ing Department, Peanut Co., Texarkana, Manufacturers of Peanut Butter for table. PUBLIC Florence M. 308 Boyle Phone Main Stenographic Services office. Multigraph Work Satisfaction HEI,LO Give Me 1926 YOUNG'S The Store of Qs Ninth and Little Rock, Ho To JEWELIB Watches, Jewelry, Goods, Watch and Repairing, 706 Main St. Litti circulating medium. They bore the name of the bank, the date, a signa- Any Alumnae ture, a number, and the amount of :o purchase rosary beadS money expressed in figures and in religious articles to be words--all in blue ink. No older paper diers can obtain them money is known, rates at The Bookery, We have nice selectionS: ill be promptly filled. THE BOOKERY KL00,00N 00fllH Made bY SPE CIALS 'ThR:SMEstCITY Joe Jung CATHOLIC HOME ANNUAL 19I--BENZIGER BROS., PUBLISHERS A Ready Book of Information on .Catholic Home and Church Subjects. A Yearly Calendar of Feasts and Fasts. A Reading Companion for Catholic Children. PRICE g5 CENTS ST. MICHAEL'S CALENDAR 19I--TECHNY MISSION PRESS Printed in English or German Text. PRICE 35 CENTS STERLING SILVER CASE AND ROSARY LATEST LOCKET EFFECT FOR .TECKWF_R LET US QUOTE YOU OUR PRICES ON ALL KINDS OF CATHOLIC SUPPLIES NEW INVOICES OF CHRISTMAS GIFTS THE BOOKERY-309 WEST SECOND LITTL] ROCK UP AT NOW AT AN BLADDER WEAKNESS RECTED BY THE KIDNEY AND Those who suffer the ting up several times dv secure prompt relief KIDNEY and made especially for pains or HIGHLY COLORED CYSTITIS and the the bladder at night medicine of this "kind put it off and let your All Druggists, 60c The My By Rev. F. X. I ! note theme. He ept, poetry, to 8ocuro which all , so few to find. : Immitation leather, Immitation leather, Amer. Seal, limP, THE 309 West LITTLE ROCK, and Girls [ December about ' we f that , and it r, your re the last be wel Mary's almost little ole by ow grace heart ab thou gifts ot thai o'er an, His : more  beads are by His de los to heav :' ( CATECHI Faith. find