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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
December 4, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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December 4, 1920

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b THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1920. .of Note ,J Rev. Mgr. Thomas, Patrick's Church, Wash- ; 0., and formerly editor of Catholic Review," de- eloquent sermon at the Thanksgiving Day has become a feature of in Washington. He said America was founded and on the recogni- dominance of Ahnighty affairs. We cannot fail that any civilization is failure and any country !ess they repose in these which come from intimate relation with of civil, political and sb- has had a very providen- far, and to serious stu- OnWard look is of a distinct The land has had a ask to form its various ele- s, trong composite nation. innumerable reasons for that we stand on the thres- important and vital part of the human race. duty, North and not to rely on any notion of or the strength of or on its innate God and our convic- greatness comes rill support our onward Secure our advancement When we shall inspire, and direct every movement of civil liberties and of human rights. to which we have and which we pro- govern our efforts, will be hailed as leaders in World and na$ions from disorder. principles are those on eternal justice, and have in the recognition of di- and the absolute de- divine help." at Luncheon. g the Mass there was a luncheon in the rectory Church for the diplo- guests. Mon- presided. Cardinal a short address, praised Practice of setting aside thanksgiving to God. His with a toast to of the President of the also spoke. He not of the Cath- he was deeply im- :the beauty of the cere- was his privilege to lJnited States, he said, PrOud of its Catholic citi- O'Doherty, D.D., Ireland, is evi- to brand British as it deserves to sent the following Greenwood, Chief SirIf press re trusted in any par- ecetly stated in the .of: Commons that you "dismiss 'everybody who from the ordi- of the R. I. Constabu- asserted that 'all the police and soldiers in th e suppression of out- on of the lives of persons not in arms these splendid declara- Your, attention to On Wednesday a lorry crowded with R. I. C. passed It came ,appar-i Manyof its de- { recognized, so that there 1 ae allegation that they ] asqueradi:lg in Stolen Loughrea and the sur- [ have hitherto been ,and there was no whatever. Yet the town the occupants fired several shotsI the shooting "The shooting party returned in the evening. Having regaled themselves in a public house, they noticed that the business premises of the town were partly shuttered as a mark of respect for the dead Lord Mayor of Cork. Reverence for the dead, no matter who the person may be, but especially for the dead who have died in a noble cause, has always been a notable characteristic of the Irish peo- ple. Infuriated now, not by the sight of 'bleeding, murdered comrades,' but by this testimony of respect for the dead patriot, 'braves' attacked several houses in the town. "The proclamation of An Dail Eire- ann setting aside Friday as a day of national mourning had not yet been issued, yet windows were smashed and one man's life was threatened by the occupants of the lorry. "A miscreant belonging to that body deliberately fired several shots down the street, as a result of which three little children were wounded, two of them sons of members of the local constabulary, and the third the child of a man who fought in the great war 'for justice and right and the freedom of small nations.' "Far worse might have happened were it not that the District Inspector of Loughrea, who deserves every credit for his conscientiousness and bravery, ordered out his men to pro- teeta peaceable town. Thus opposed by force, your 'heroes' withdrew in the direction of Galway. "It is in your power, as you have stated it is your will, to bring these ruffians to justice. Will you do so? If there is any 'order' or 'discipline,' which one may doubt, among the armed forces at your command it should be an easy matter to identify and deal with the occupants of that lorry. I am quite aware that your re- cent acts and utterances condone and consequently encourage this kind of terrorism or provocation. I am also aware that you will accept informa- tion only, or for the most part, from those who themselves have been guilty of intimidation, looting, arson and murder. The value of that informa- tion let the world judge. Knowing, therefore, that you will probably pro- fess to regard what I have stated as coming from a "tainted' source, since it does not come from the actual cul- prits, I am sending a copy of this letter to the press. "Any impartial inquirer can ascer- tain the truth of what I have written• "Thomas O'Doherty, "Bishop of Clonfort." Rt. Rev. John E. Gtlnn, D. D., Bishop of Natchez, supplements his report of the conditions in Ireland, as read in last week's issue of The Guardian, with an interview granted to the "Morning Visitor" (New Or- leans) representative, who asked the Bishop if things were really as bad in Ireland as represented by the evi- dence given in Washington and if any suggestion as to a remedy could be made. To these two questions the Bishop answered: Things Far Worse in Ireland Than Represented in America. 1. "Things are far worse in. Ire- land than are represented in America, and worse than anything that has been said yet by the witnesses in Washington. Reading the American .papers in Ireland is a loss of time. Most of them are slavish copies of English thought and English expres- sions. America seems to me to be rich enough in men and money to send her own reporters to Ireland and get first-hand information, and I think if America did so and if American papers printed the information they received there would be a howl of ex- ecration from this land that would shake even the English throne; or at least, it might force Lloyd George to recall to England the uniformed Turks who are now turning Ireland into a shambles. Ireland Voted on Principle for Self- Determination. "Following the principle of self-de- termination laid down by the United States, and explicitly accepted b, Lloyd George, on behalf of England, the Irish people in 1918," said the as they 'proceeded' in Bishop, "voted for their country an of Po rode endent status by a majomty rtumna. What[" P " " _ ee red I am at a twice as great as that in virtue of irdes they expected I which Lloyd George holds office in • geese and sheep, and [ England. I How the People's Voice Is Stifled. Was this a departure[ "The.reply of the English Govern- breadth from the ment to this expression of a nation's of the R. I. C.?' will has been, since January of 1919, thus expended 38,720 armed raids on private houses suppression Of out-*,and on Irish citizens;. 4,982 arrest rOtection of the lives!and imprisonments; 1,60 armed as- lersons not in arms!saults; .102 sackings and burnings of nment?' There can ltowns; 77 murders of unarmed, in- i f'self-defense' in this I offensive civilians, including womer. can be no 'clefene' L and children from 10 to 15 years of no attack, actuaF or age. For these outrages upon civili- SUspected. zation and the consequences that have THE WORLD'S DEBT TO THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH An Observing and Fair Minded Bap- tist Minister Offers an Impartial Presentation of Its History and Worth. (From the Gelmantown (Pa.) Tele- graph, Nov. 19, 1920) What the "Catholic Standard and Times" calls a remarkable and unusu- al sermon, delivered in a church ot the Protestant denomination in that city (Germantown bein ga suburb of Philadelphia) on Sunday evening, Nov. 14, strikes us even here in Ar- kansas as indeed remarkable and quite above and beyond, in true Christian spirit, the usual apprecia- tion of the Catholic Church and its work, presented by the majority of Baptist ministers in tbis section• Its perusal proves the calibre of the preacher. The student, the historian, tim intelligent obselwer and the logi- cal analyst of cause and effect make of Minister Newkirk a preacher truly noteworthy and it is a pleasure for the Guardian to reproduce his notable sermon in pro% if only to present to our readers the proof that there are in the body of our Protestant preachers some men so cultivated in mind and heart as to give in all fairness, an honest estimate even of the Holy Ro- man Catholic Church. A Series of Sermons Rev. B. L. Newkirk, pastor of the Wayne Avenue Baptist Church is  celebrating his twenty ye-.r' comple- tion as pastor, by preaching a series .represent the subsidizing of the in- dustry and consecration of millions of devotees. The greatest of these is St. Peter's begun in 1450 and requiring 176 years for its completion, costing $60,000,000. Conquered Barbarians "In the fifth century, the barbarians from the East, North and West, pour- ed in upon Rome and caused the down- fall of the empire--the Huns, under Attila, the Goths, Saxons and Ger- mans. Who were these invading tribes? They were our fathers• They were as savage, cruel, pagan and wild as any tribe of Nolhern Assam to- day. These invading hordes conquered the Roman Empire, but were quickly conquered by the Church, and in a small space of time we find the hea- then becoming Christian. Christianity in that day must have possessed virile and dominant qualities to conquer her conquerors. Excellencies of the Church "The Roman Church shows her wis- dom in her capture of childhood. She believes in education and has no quar- rel with the public school system. [She solves the religious education of her children by supporting in payment of taxes, the parochial school. There are twenty-five millions of young peo- ple in the United States who are with- out religious education• The greatest problem facing us today is that of t )roviding religious instlaction to the l loung. "The Roman Catholic Church pos- ;esses excellencies which all Protes- ants, might well emulate, among them are. her fidelity to the services of the church; her great reverence in wor- ship; her sacrificial liberality in giv- ing her economy and efficiency in performance of her task! consistency of sermons on "The Contributions of in her dogmatic positions and her un- the Great Faiths," the purpose ell compromising attitude towards di- • . ,, • " ,, wh2ch, he stud Js to have a better Iv°rces" understanding of those who differ POLAr- S-UFFE "- from us, appreciating the other man's FOR LACK OF-FOOD point of vision, environment, training I and temperament. At each of the (By N. C. W. C. News Service) seven Sunday evening services, hymns Washington, D. C., Nov. 222--Po- will be sung which have been produc- [ ed by the church we are considering, ] and a representative of each church I will be present or communicate with the pastor. Uses Catholic Hymns "The first subject to be discussed will be 'The World's Debt to the Ro- man Catholic Church.' We will use the Catholic hymns• The Rev. William F. Likly, pastor of St. Vincent de Paul's Church, on East Price street, and formerly president of Niagara University, has comnmnicated with me regarding the movement I am un- dertaking, saying: " 'I admire your spirit of fairness and I know that an impartial presen- tation of the subject will remove pre- judices and misconceptions, and will also awaken a spirit of good will.' " Her History Most RemarkabJe. During his discourse, the Rev. B. L. Newkirk said : "The Catholic Church has been the most remarkable in the history of the world, the Papacy ruling 240,000,000 souls, 16,000,000 of which are in the United States. It has survived the centuries, outlasting the Roman Em- pire, the Eastern Empire, the German Empire * * * nmintaining one au- thority, one worship and one doctrine. Such a mighty organization stands to- day an incomparable achievement. "Protestants are under an abiding debt to the Catholic Church for pre: serving the Sacred Scriptures and fos- tering learning among the darkest ages of mankind. Supreme In Art "The Roman Church is supreme in the constitution of Christian art. The great truths of the Gospel are made to live in the colors and forms that Christian genius has laid at the feet 'of Christ. The Catholics of Europe followed the Government of England is solely responsible. Outrages Upon Civilization. "The Irish people have to endure countless indiscriminate raids and ar- rests in the depths of night, prolonged imprisonment without trial, savage sentences from tribunals that com- mand and deserv no confidence; the burning of towfi halls, factories, creameries and crops; the .destruction of industries to pave the way for fanfine---all done by uniformed Eng- lish servants, maddened with plun- dered drink and bent on loot. ,The flogging and massacre of civilians are perpetrated by the forces of the Brit- ish crown, who have established a reign of frightfulness, which for mur- dering the innocent and destroying their property has a parallel only in the horrors of Turkish atrocities. The Bishop Points Out the Remedy, 2. "What is the remedy?" said Bishop Guns. "Remove the cause namely, tle army of occupation, th only forces of disorder, anarchy an€ murder in Ireland. Remove the say agery, the destructive savagery, whicl :s England's 'grappling hook,' and th, Irish question is permanently solve Keep .up the government of the 'Blac] md Tans' and the result will be eithe Ireland's extermination or England't suicide, or both." and, the valiant Catholic nation whose successful struggle against the Bol- sheviki has been so vividly described by Captain Charles Phillips, former editor of the San Francisco Monitor and well known as a poet and play- wright, is now suffering actual dis- tress from lack of food, according to headquarters of the American Red Cross, which Captain Phillips repre- sented in Poland. Two million children are in need of medical attention and for a total pouplation of 28,000,000 there are only four thousand doctors. Twenty per cent of the' child population are tu- bercular, crippled or defective, 35 per cent are orphans and 50 per cent of the children of Polish workingmen have either bone or Tung tuberculosis. Thirty-three per cent of this year's Polish potato and grain crops have been destroyed and there is a decided shortage of wood and coal. HaTf a million Poles, driven out by Bolshe- viki are homeless and penniless. Throughout the eastern half of Po- land, invaded by Bolsheviki, all lios- pitals have been stripped and there is neither medicine nor food. in them for patients or personnel. RESTRICTION OF IMMIGRANTS.- (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Wshington, D. C., Dec. migration problem will be taken up by the House Committee at once but doubt is expressed by the chairman that any restrictive measure will be agreed upon and reported to Con-. gress before the beginning of the spe- cial session, which the new Presiden,* is expected to call very shortly after his inauguration. A plan will be evolved for" the re- striction of the flood of immigrants and the combing out of the radicals coming to the United States to carry out the program of the communist Third Internationale which met at Moscow last summer. EMPRESS EUGENIE REMEMBERS RHEIMS (By N. C. W. C. News Service) London, Nov. 24.--One hundred thousand francs were bequeathed by the Empres¢ Eugenic, widow of Na- poleon III, for the restoration of Rheims Cathedral ,and £4000 were left by her to increase the endowment of the Chapel and the crypt at Farns- bore Abbey, where she is buried. The former empress left an estate valued ,.t $10,000,000. PROPAGATION OF FAITH ELECTION (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Paris, Nov. 20.--Upon the resigna- ion of Mr. Henri Saint-Olive, Mgr ]echetoille, of the diocese of Lyons vas appointed president of the Lyon: ?entral Council of the Society of thf ropagation of the Faith. Mgr. Ode in, yicar-general of Paris, holds thf ame position in the Paris Centra ouncil. PATRONIZE OUR ADVERTISERS PAGE FIVE Books of Interest Possibly I should be timid in men- tioning "The Story of Opal" by Opal Whitely in the face of an assertion, I heard the other day." "Deadly Mon- otony" was the pronouncement of one librarian who excluded it from her shelves. There is a fashion in literature now- adays for juveniles to write. We have the Daisy Asfords and all her kith and kin, making the teens popular, and here comes Opal Whitely in all the wisdom of her six years, in all her naviete endowing her animal and flower world with the.names of Cyne- wulf, Ben Johnson, a baby chick, Aph- rodie, Andromeda, Keats, an oak, and Wm. Shakespeare was an old gray horse with an understanding soul," and Win. Wadsworth was a tree in the lane." It is a remarkable story Opal Whitely tells, in all the hind part be- fore phrases of her six years, and her life was an eventful one. Born of good parentage, she was bereft of both of them during her infancy and left to be raised or to raise herself in the family of a lumber campman, by the name of Whitely, and they attached the name of Opal to that in memory of a little girl they had lost. Life wasn't easy, in a lumber camp in Oregon, it was "mere" life most of the time, du- ties in excess of her years had to be household as different from the one years, who confided to her journal all her hopes and as:)irations. Despite the sordid facts which confronted her, she had imagination enough to endow her nature and animal world friends with soul, and to them she pourred out her heart ,all the woes and joys of her tender years. She "Looked looks" and "Longed longings," she knew the "singing fir trees" and could hear "Gloria in excelsis deo," or a "Sanc- tus" in the forest, and so can we if we listen through her ears, and see through her eyes. We can learn all that entered into that six year old world of hers, even the little items, how the "whisky bottle evoluted into a milk bottle," which is quite possible in our own day, to the person who goes by the name of Sadie MeKib- ben and who has "more freckles than there were stars on the m!ky way. ' After that we little"von¢ler t- this little girl could look four straight ways and four corner" ways. She was unusual, her imagination and her faith saved her from "deadly monotony." Some account must be taken of the environment into which she was thrust, what one of us could be look- ing for the fall time is here day," and feel equal to "go on explores," if we were left parentless and thurst into a accomplished by the child of tender into which we were born. She had vision and she rose to heights which all of us might well hope to attain. C. GERMAN BISHOPS THANK AMERICA FOR AID GIVEN ADD THEIR GRATITUDE TO THAT ely GERMAN CIVIL AUTHORI-, TIES FOR OUR GENEROUS MEASURE OF ASSISTANCE. (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Berlin, Nov. 20.--The misery caused by the war in Germany and evident principally in the high mor- tality and the decrease of vitality among children has brough¢ from many noble hearts a generous meas- ure of assistance. The German na- tion, through the civil authorities and various organizations, has expressed its gratitude in a fitting manner. To these expressions of thanks may now be added the letters sent by the con- ference of Bishops at Fulda to the Hierarchies of North America and ttolland and to various benefactors in Spain. It is well knon that besides gifts [sent directly to Catholic organizations in Germany a great part of the as- sistance given by the Quakers and other bodies was contributed by the I Catholics of America. The Catholics of Holland have entered a noble con- test with their brethren elsewhere. The letters .gf the German Bishops to the Catholics of America and Hol- land are eloqueht testimonies to their great charity. The letter to the Bish- ops of North America follows: "From all parts of North America have come to the Bishops of Germany and to their charitable organizations as well as to other works of. charity in Germany, many and generous gifts following the war for the feeding of the children weakened by hunger and misery. At this, our annual confer- ence at the tomb of St. Boniface, we wish collectively to express our heart- felt thanks to all generous givers. We beg to speak our gratitude to the Bishops of North America. because most of. the noble givers are unknown to us. "The solemn appeal for general ac- tive assistance for the nation suf- fering so terribly from the aftermath of the war came from the fatherly heart of the Vicar of Christ, His Holi- ness, Benedict XV. It did not remain unheeded. "In spite of their own cares and needs, the Catholics of North Ameri- ca have, through their own organiza- tions, as well as through others, given most generous aid, guided by the one thought that the love of Jesus Christ knows no difference of nationality, and that the eye of the Lord rests with special pleasure on gifts for in- nocent suffering children. May God bless abundantly these works of brotherly and sisterly love! "We beg to unite our voices with the voice of the Holy Father for fur- ';her help. We ask not for ourselves, but for the needy poor, especially the ¢retched children and mothers, whose necessities will grow greater in the ext few years because, of lack of ood and high prices. Numerous or- 9hanages are facing ruin. Mortality md insidious weakening diseases have "ncreased terribly since the war. We hould not be true to our own trust f, with the Holy Father, we did not teclare that at the present critical moment the vitality of whole genera- tions depends on extensive assistance. "We are trusting to those who are our brothers and sisters in the faith and love of Jesus Christ that the wor of succor which the Father of Chris- tendom commended so warmly to the Most Reverend Bishops of North America will be blessed with tlie greatest success." This letter was signed by His Emi- nence Cardinal Bertram, who sopke in the name of all the German Bish- ops. Cardinal Gibbons wrote most be- nevolently in answer to this request. His letter, addressed to Cardinal Ber- tram ,has been published to the Ger- man people. It follows: "Your letter of thanks and appeal came at the right moment, and I am glad to be able to tell you that we have gone a step further. At the Bishops' meeting in Washington last Tuesday I had your letter read in the presence of the sixty-five Bishops present. I added a word of recom- mendation. As a result a committee was formed consisting of the Arch- bishops of Milwaukee and Chicago and Of the Bishop of Rockford, Ill. They were asked to send an appeal to all the Bishops of the United States. I sincerely trust that this appeal will meet with a generous response." Cardinal Bertram's letter to the Bishops of Holland was as follows: "The Bishops of North Germany and the Upper Rhine Province, assem- bled at the Fulda Bishops' Confer- ence, have asked me to express our sincerest gratitude to the Bishops of Holland and the Dutch charitable or- ganizations and to individual bene- factors for the many acts of assist- ance to the poor i Germany and [especially to the needy children dur- ¢ing the last two years. In the midst . of the numberless needs and cares bur- denng the German people, and Which- l are bound to become more numerous, and during all the bitterness that the • end of this unhappy war has conjured. up for' all" parts of Germany, there is, next to the fatherly love and the be- nevolent sense of justice on the. part of the Holy Father, pincipally the sincere and generous sympathy of the Catholics of Holland and America-- for us a source of consolation and great encouragement. "The prayer, 'God bless you," rises from the lips of thousands and thou- sands of children to Him Who looks upon benefactions to His little ones as an act of love to Himself." CARDINAL DUBOIS IS CONGRATULATED BY POLES (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Paris, Nov. 20.--The Rector of the Catholic University of Posen, in the name of the Catholic Congress hsId in that city, has sent the following telegram to the new Archbishop of Paris: "The Catholic Congress assembled under the presidency of His Eminence Cardinal Dalbor, is anxious to express its profound gratitude to heroic France for the token of loyal friend- .,chip she gave to Poland, her ally, and to the French people for their prayers which sustained our nation in her hour of anguish and trial. Its most sincere wishes accompany Your Eminence to the archiepiscopal see of Paris." Idleness is the germ that breeds discontent; keep yourself steadily em- ployed and satisfaction will be your reward. L! . -i I