Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
December 4, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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December 4, 1920
 

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s that nothing is more de" papers and hould have a large that every one may good reading which and strengthens the :hristian virtues. ,, PP.. XV, SECTION THREE * Hmm-omm  mmMim*mD A Catholic Paper is a Perpetual Mission-- Pope Leo XIII "The Guardian" in every home--our Motto. The Official Organ of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas Little Rock, Arkansas, Saturday, December 4, 1920 Number 25 10 Harding Visits I Community I-lousel OF HONOR AT A RECEPTION AND MAKES AN IN WHICH HE COMMENDS THE CATHOLIC WELFARE WORK. W. C. News Service) Zone, Nov. 26.-- Warren G. Harding of honor at the reception community house of Council of Cp.tholic Thanksgiving Day, celebration was Rev. Monsignor Edward Chicago and the Very McDonald, superior of here, showed Sen- over the prenfises, in keen interest. for Welfare Work. FESS-CAPPER BILL NOT INDORSED BY ATHLETIC UNION (By N. C. W. C. News Service) New Orleans, Nov. 29.--Propagan- dists in behalf of the Fess-Capper bill "for physical education" met a rebuff when they attempted to commit the Amateur Athletic Union, in conven- tion here a few days ago, to indorse the measure and appoint a committee to use every means of furthering its a Catholic," said thelpassage by Congress. in his address, "but I I The convention declined to give its more religious spirit . " " ' " ] approval, deciding that the bill as pro- IPlayed in social service lposed ' contemplates legislating upon honor the Catholics for I questions of social hygiene, the health reconstructi.on" work done I of infants and children and upon other Catholic War Coun-isubject s which the Amateur Athletic nal Catholic Welfare ' }Union regards as without direct con- this work the great I " nection with physical education of the sort to which the organization is de- Porras of Pana- distinguished guests States attended the new community Right Rev. William Por- The opening era in the Catholic life President Por- by his wife. and citizens from the Zone witnessed the held Wednesday addresses by Mon- McDonald, Miss "executive secretary of Council of Catholic Annie Smith of Chi- Birmingham of Chi- Iichael Williams, as- of the Department of of the National Council. of Chicago voting its energies. The action of the Union is viewed as a notice that its members are un- willing to become parties to any leg- islation that will destroy or impair parental authority, endanger the sanc- tity of the home and the sophistica- tion of the young in sexual prenom- ena. BRETONS CONDEMN BRITISH OUTRAGES IN IRELAND (By N. C. W C News Service) Paris, Nov. 17.Catholic papers of Paris and of the provinces are giving wide publicity to the various phases of Ireland's struggle for freedom and are voicing the feehngs of sympathy of the French nation towards its op- pressed sister nation. The heroic death of Lord Mayor MacSwiney of Cork elicited from editors glowing the new clubhouse, "the handsomest struc- of work erected in It is a commodious and except for of the second story, used in its con- house will not only d activity and for the Catholics will throw open its of soldiers, sailors government has interest in the pro- of the Zone Con- have been of great of the building. FOR WELFARE C. l%ws Service) National No- Hierarchy of Ire- all the Churches on October Was ordered as a Feast of all the 6, and had to the present suf- The prayers were from the Divine and every and temporal for also besought "the all-pow- in their own recite daily the of the Blessed Principal Mass on every Mass on Will be recited "God is our in their ad- through all he hope of our upon us With His light no future." the Bishops of in celebrating stated in requested all secular and Value of our ac- our degree of tributes of admiration and earnest protests against the British tyranny. The Congress of the Breton Asso- ciations held recently in Rennes un- der the patronage of the Cardinal Archbishop and of religious and civil authorities, passed a resolution ex- pressing the fraternal sympathy and the ardent good wishes of the French Celts for the Celts of Erin. The Congress was notable for its manifestation of the strong move- ment now being observed all over France for a return to the old pro- vincial and regional divisions which were suppressed by the Revolution and replaced by the departments. The movement for regionalism started be- fore the war and has gained new im- petus since the signing of peace. At Rennes, priests, scholars and univers- ity professors joined with business men to further the cause of regional- ism and a resolution backed by three hundred and sixty thousand adherents demanded that in the contemplated reorganization of the administrative divisions Brittv, ny be conserved as a geographical, geological and political unit. ST. PATRICK'S CHURCH INNOVATION (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Pittsburgh, Nov. 28.--Parishioners of old St. Patrick's Church, the oldest congregation in the diocese of Pitts- burgh, have decided to do away with the practice of renting seats and col- lecting money at the door of the church, which has been traditonal in this as well as many other Catholic Churches througtfout America. The parish is 109 years old and even the oldest inhabitants favored the intro- duction of new methods in raising the church revenue. MADAME PADEREWSKI GIVEN THE CROSS OF GOLD Rome, Nov. 17.Madame Helene Paderewski has been given the Cross of Gold "pro ecclesia et pontifice" in recognition of her charitable efforts in behalf of the Catholics of Poland. Much of the charitable work done by Madame Paderewski was carried out BANKERS PRESSING INTERCHURCH HEADS FOR LOAN PAYMENT Washington, D. C., Nov. 29--Bank- ers to whom the Interchurch World Movement owes $4,067,290 of the $6,- 561,261 borrowed to finance in part its campaign for the collection of $1,320,000,000, are pressing for pay- ment of the loan, and he various Pro- testant denominations which guaran- teed liquidation are making a new ef- fort to get the necessary funds, l'n addition to this loan from the banks, the Interchurch Movement has obliga- tions of its own aggregating $4,000,- )00. The largest of the pledges given to :he banks for the repayment of the loan and the underwriting of the In- terchurch Movement's expenses, was that of the Baptist Church, North-- $2,500,000. The Methodist Episcopal Church, North, pledged $1,000,000; the Presbyterians, $1,00(,000, and sev- eral other sects from $25,000 to $600,000. In some instances these pledges have been partially or wholly redeemed. North Ready to Pay. The Baptist Church, North, it is an- nounced, is ready to pay its part of the guarantee, but is waiting to de- termine whether $2,500,000 is the total of its commitment. The Presbyterians are now conducting a "drive" to raise the $1,000,000 for which they are liable. Commenting editorially on the latest development in the Interchurch Movement's financial crisis, the Wash- ington (D. C.) Herald, under the cap- tion, "An Issue of Honor," says: "These are days when 'honor' is a I word of varying meaning and loose] interpretation. * * * At such a I time it.becomes especially necessary for Christian churches that have blun- dered into a huge indebtedness such as now faces the Interchurch Federa- tion to keep their 'honor' bright no nmtter what sacrifice of funds it in- volves. Whatever was good in the plan of the .Interchurch Federation and its abortive drive could have bee and would have been executed by the Federal Council of Churches, and at the coming meeting of the Federal Council to be held in Boston early next month, the Council undoubtedly will become the residuary agent of the federation's constructive work, which on the side of 'surveys' and amassing of material for a complete study of Protestantism ,excelled any probing ever planned and executed. Four to Eight Millions Liability. "But this move will only be reme- dial on the administrative side. It ooes not take care of the millions which the federation borrowed from the banks Dnd which the latter de- cline longer to allow go unpaid. The liabilities to be faced range from $4,000,000 to $8,000,000 and must be ettled by the denominations included in the federation. Some of the de- nominatio. have paid their quotas. Others have yet to make a beginning. Some are on the way. The moment is hardly a propitious one for the pro- cess to begin on; but go on it must if I irreparable injury to institutional re- I ligion and to popular ethics is not to] follow. High honor and institutional I shrewdness happen to coincide in fore- i ing a cancellation of the debts due;I and when they are paid then the per-] i sons responsible for the crisis may well be retired to obscurity, for a sea- son at least. They dealt with the affairs of a spiritual organization as if it were a secular manufacturing concern seeking new markets and more capital at the same time. They employed means of advertisement of the project that were below the best stafidards of worldly advertising. They became pecuniary debtors of persons, who, whatever their professions, do not practice the ethics of Jesus. They expected men of the world, with a Platonic interest in religion, to pay $7,000,000 of overhead charges and their visions proved to be a chimera. Now honest, devout, and income-tith- ing John Jones and Mary Smith must come to the rescue." REORGANIZING THE MILITIA. The War Department is planning immediate reorganization of the Na- tional Guard. An enlisted strength of 427,000 men is fixed as the smallest PROTESTANT PASTOR PAYS HIGH TRIBUTE TO WELFARE COUNCIL (By N. C. W'. C. News Service) San Francisco, Dec. 1.--"The most remarkable fact in the religious his- tory of the United States, with its 105,000,000 of people, gathered from every nation under Heaven, is the power of adaptation of the Roman Catholic Church," declares the Re. Frederick W. Clampett, who resigned his pulpit in a local Protestant church to act as a "special writer on the San Francisco Examiner. Dr. Clampett, Army Chaplain. Dr. Clampett, who was an army chaplain in France, has paid high tribute, in a recent article, to the work of the National Catholic Welfare Council, which he characterizes as the "boldest, the most daring project launched by any Church in the Eng- lish-speaking world." World Interest. Dr. C!ampett's article is as follows: The recently organized "Catholic Welfare Council" has aroused keen interest in the church at large. The genius of the Roman Catholic Church for organization is equal to her wisdom in the method of applica- tioo. In the plans, published up to date, the foundation is so deep and the scope of the work so practical and far-reaching that the leaders of well established religious communions are alive to its significance. It is by far the boldest, the most daring project ever set in motion by any church in this country. It is viewed in many quarters as a challenge to a critical world. Failure of Modern Church. The alleged failure of the modern church to meet the crying needs of sin-sick, disorganized society is the charge heard on all sides. Is the church alive to the necessity of meet- ing those needs? The answer has been made in terms of action. With this thought in mind, I will venture to assert that this movement is the boldest, most daring project launched by any church in the Eng- lish-speaking world. Its boldness is more pronounced in the light of simi- lar movements, outside of her pale. The "Interchurch World Movement," the greatest of all Protestant-allied efforts in this land, has come to grief. The nation-wide campaign of the Pro- testant Episcopal Church is at this time in the center of a struggle which has not measured up to the standard. "Service" as Keynote. Both of these projects called for drastic steps to meet dire needs, so Pan-i merican Mass at St. Patrick's Church HIGHEST ,OFFICIALS OF UNITED STATES AND MOST DISTINGUISHED DIPLOMATS ATTEND BRILLIANT :! CEREMONY AT WASHINGTON, D. C. MOST REV. BYRNE MADE AUXILIARY TO ARCHBISHOP OF DUBLIN (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Dublin, Nov. 19.--The Most Rev. Dr. Byrne was consecrated this week Bishop-Auxiliary to the Archbishop of Dublin. His Grace, the Archbishop was the consecrating prelate. Ordain- ed in 1895 Dr. Byrne was prior to his appointrent as Bishop-Auxiliary, a curate in the Pro-Cathedral, Dublin Very rarely is such a great distinc- tion conferred upon a curate. The only curate appointed to a bishopric in modern times in Ireland was the late Dr. O'Dwyer, Bishop of Limerick. Dr. Byrne's theological course was completed in Rome, and in 1901 he became vice-rector of the Irish Col 2 lege, Rome. From his contempora- ries in the Irish College he received an address congratulating him upon his election to the dignity of the epis- copate. At the express desire of his lordship no public proceedings were associated with the consecration. K. OF C. REPORT ON SCHOLARSHIP (By N. C. W. C. News Service)" New York, Nov. 30.--Three hun- dred and twenty-two former service men were maintained in schools and colleges of America by the Knights of Columbus during, the year 1920 according to a report made public here by the K. of C. committee on education. This number marks a de- crease from the 415 former service men who wer given free college tui- tion, board and lodging and a small allowance by the Knights in 1919. These students include those regis- tered in courses other than those of law and journalism and ninety-three discontinued their college studies be- cause of failure to measure up to the collegiate requirements. In almos every case they accepted the offer of the K .of C. committee to give them other courses, usually in K. of C. free vocational training schools. The three hundred and twenty-two men are distributed among American institutions as follows: Tech- (By-N. C. W. C. News Service) Washington, D C., Nov. 26.--Dip lomatic representatives of sixteen Latin-American republics and some of the highest executive, judicial and military officials of the United States, brought together by ties of religion and common ideals of government gathered in St. Patrick's Church yes- terday, to attend the annual "Pan- American Mass of Thanksgiving." Flags of the various governments blent with the insignia of the Cath- olic Church; the uniforms of naval and military officers and the rich vest- ments of Cardinal Gibbons and Arch- bishop Bonzano, Papal Delegate7 the etiquette of diplomacy and the solemn" ceremonies of religion--all these con- tributed strikingly to make the scene brilliant and imposing. The sermon preached by the Right Rev. Monsignor C. F. Thomas, pastor of St. Patrick's, was supremely worthy of the important occasion and the distinguished assemblage. The theme of his discourse was that re- ligion nmst find a place in the hearts of peoples and the laws of nations 'if civilization and humanity are to con- tinue their progress. With admirable eloquence and erudition, he sustained this contention by citing the history of all the peoples that have been im- portant factors in the development of civilization Brilliant cene in the Church. As on each Thanksgiving Day for the past twelve years, St. Patrick's Church was filled when the services began. Other hundreds stood outside the doors to watch the entrance of the American and foreign officials who attended the Mass. Many Protestants, showing in every movement their in- terest in the impressive pontifical Mass, were in the gathering. From the processional to the recessional-- when Cardinal Gibbons and the Apos- tolic Delegate entered and left the Church--it was a .ceremony of the kind with which the Church knows how to reach and stir human hearts and. souls. Symbolic of the Church's univers- ality, too, were the flags of some twenty countries in every one of which and scores besides she pursues her mismon. 'lhese flags of foreign lands, festooning pillars and wa.ls side by side with the national colors of the United States, told the story of that the keynote of both was "serv- Massachusetts Institute of " ............ h nology, 37; Georgetown University, ice. Ar mm crisis me oman a - ........ e t37; University of Pennsylvania, 24; OilC wnurcn nas sponsorea a mov- ment that ill demand m.gllions of ] Notre Dame University, 22; .Holy ..... cti it" . the I Cross College, 19; Catholic Umvers- aolmrs ann ceasemss a v ms in . . . ............. l ity, 19; University of Minnesota, 17; mmgs na are runaamenm[ o me .  ..  ....  . . ...... .. , ... ineHlelU clenlnc cnool (xam), in; nation s weliare. I Fordham University, 14; Stevens In- Power of Adaptation. stitute of Technology, 13; Louisiana The most remarkable fact in the religious life of the United States, with its 105,000,000 of people, gath- ered from every nation under Heaven, is the power of adaptation of the Ro-: man Catholic Church. She ministers to the conditions of a cosmopolitan nation, the most critical, the most modern, the most fastidious on rec- ord. The church that can justify her claims to live and thrive on American soil can fulfill her mission in any part of the world. These thoughts were running through my mind as I hastened to meet Archbishop Hanna by appoint- ment, graciously granted in the midst of a busy day. The results of that visit are here set forth and will be found truly fundamental in matters relating to the nation's highest wel- fare. Concentration of Power. The "Catholic Welfare Council" was organized for the purpose of concen- trating the powers of the Church on the strengthening of the temporal and spiritual welfare of the nation. It calls for a survey of conditions throughout the continent. This sur- vey will deal with the problems of! the home. The Archbishop insists that the home is the unit of the na- tion, not the State, and upon its in- tegrity will depend the future stabil- ity of national life. Therefore, the sanctity of the home will be empI/a- sized, the problems of child life, in- State University, 8; University of California, 8; University of Missouri, 6; Purdue University, 6; Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute, 5; Colorado Col- lege of Mines, 5; Worcester Poly technic Institute, 5; Ohio State Col- lege, 3; West Virginia, Villanova Niagara, Duquesne, Detroit and Creighton, 2 each, and Columbia, Man- hattan and St. Thomas College of St. Paul, 1 each. Apart from these specifically lim- ited scholarships the K. of C. through state and national boards are educat- ing scores of veterans in law and other courses. The cost of maintain- ing each student in college varies from $800 to 1,400 a year. "The reports on the diligence and discipline of the former service men," say the report issued, "are most fa- yet'able." ARCHBISHOP HAYES TO VISIT ROME (By N. C. W. C. News Service) New York, Nov. 29.--The Most Rev. Patrick J. Hayes will leave shortly after Christmas for Rome for an of- ficial visit to Pope Benedict, accord- ing to an announcement made here, and will take with him the proceeds of the Peter's Pence collection which was taken up yesterday in all "New York churches. While in Rome Arch- bishop Hayes will visit the shrine of Sts. Peter and Paul, whence he was the Catholic Church's success in bring- ing together in a common act of wor- ship the peoples of a whole hemis- phere. It was proof of the Catholic Church's power to create a league of nations under her own symbol--the. Cross of Christ. Apostolic Delegate Pontificates. His Excellency, the Most Reverend John Bonzano, Apostolic Delegate, celebrated the solemn pontifical Mass. Very Rev. Dr. Peter Guilday was as- sistant priest to His Eminence Car- dinal Gibbons, who sat upon his throne, a venerable representative of the majesty of the Church. Military Salute. There was a military note in the harmony of the Church's liturgy when at the solemn moment of the eleva- tion, the cadets from St. John's Col- lege were brought to '(present arms" by their commander and the bugles gave three blasts to salute Christ on the altar. The American flag and the banner of Pan-America were raised to join the salute. Remindful, too, of the Church's an- tiquity, as well as her universality, was the garb of the Cardinal's tiny page, who held up His Emience's train as he entered and left the Church. In courtier's red hat, scarlet doublet and hose, and red, buckled pumps, he re- called the Middle Ages when Cardi- nals were recognized as Princes by the State as well as by the Church. The music furnished by the boys and men's choir and the mixed choir to orchestra and organ accompani- ment was grand and inspiring. Distinguished Officials Present. Secretary of State Colby, next to the President the highest officer of the United States Government, with Mrs. Colby, was among the Cabinet volved in education, moral safeguard- sent the pallium which was conferred officers at the Mass. ,j :! The other mere- time we do with the dssistahce of American Cath- number consistent with safety, as ing, etc.; the development of socie- upon him in May, 1919, by Pope Bene- bers of the President's official house- ' : olics, things are. " (Continued on Page 8)dict. , (Continued on Page 8) i ii:il . ;: