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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
November 30, 1945     Arkansas Catholic
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November 30, 1945

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PAC.I:- EOL , THE GUARDIAN, NOVEMBER 30. 1945 I I I ...... [ll ...... I IR .......................... I .... __ ............................ ..... -- :I ....... r ........ ...... + ++;; + --l',M   -- -mm ,9rlr A lMr ing at the Unlverdty of Paris when St. Ignatius of Loyola In- QUESTION BOX "11TM I-II 14 I d, I ] Ig I II Fluenc,00 him to ,.,d.take life oF a Aft. a ILX ljl- ' 'J as'Js''w"" _''oc  brief stay in Rome ha went to the Far Fast. where for twelve ovrtcxa, eagle Or   grrn years he labored in Hindustan. Malacca, and Japan. He died Enteral as imem-dus mafr  ILL. 1111.  tim   M Llttl Rook, Azkasss, unl tl AN d qmrm al  8, II21L IUSOIglIION pJglOlns 111+110 the Irr Tuesday, December 4 St. Barbara, Virgin and Martyr, was denounced before the tribunal by her own father, who was enraged to find that she had been secretly converted to Christianity. She suffered martyrdom. Thursday, December 6 St. Nicholas of Bert, patron Saint of Russia, was born toward the end of the third century. His uncle, the Archbishop of Myra and Lycia, ordained him to the priesthood and made him Abbot of a monastery. On the death of his uncle he was elected to fill the vacant Archbishopric. All his life he was the special protector of the innocent and wronged. Friday, December 7 St. Ambrose, Bishop, was of a noble family and was Gov- ernor of Milan in 374, when a Bishop was to be chosen for that See. He was present at the election only for the purpose of maintaining order, but to his surprise the choice fell upon him, although he was only a catechumen It was he who admitted St. Augustine to the Church. He died in 39Y. OFFICIAL i) qOcF--SAI ORGJkN TIw Guerdbm '" the olftdml win el IJ Diem.4 of IJttb Ibdt lid i ImaY GI thst it my be mm earmmt cbammlkm d the mae of rl4rbL Jmkm ad truth and a.t wrdeat defeatist d the religion ve .11 Java so I uted to 1 my  with the dsn boo that Its (roe nuy be t ro It VERY EV. MONSIGNOR yiiOMA8 I KEAIqY, Ph. I All communications about e mrclmm cue.ames be Jsnd/ed through-- VERY IR.V. [Mk.R+ THOMAS 1. pRENDERGAT All articles and nzWs items intended for puD|lcntton an 1roach Guardian office not later thus Monday at noon. SIsaturs af party sub- mlttins rpy lot" publication is nece6sm'y In all instances- '- eoNsoas o+ s.P-ayu , p/ture 84rvice---nhrbts al um of Arkansas Little+Rock CotmiL No. 8tS fr 1946-46 ----------- SZg.0 Pars;rould Councll, 14o. I18 Fort Smith OohneiL le. 9S$ pocakonte'M Iq. 448 Tegarkan+ Council Ha. S666 toe 1646-46 ..... llq. ,. Stuttart.Slovactown Council No. 86 for I146-4@ $I.6 Jonesboro Council, N. I02 Helen& Oounotl lqo. 1776 Pine Bluff Council N 1.1151 Blytheville-Osczdla ounel! $12.0S=: lqo. 287 for Ig4 II-46 ......... "It by liberty ot the press, we understand merely the liberty ot discussing the propriety ot public measures and political opinions, let us have as much ot it as you please; butt il it means' the liberty ot at- ronting, calumniating and detaming one another, l own myselt willing to part with my share ot it when. ever our legislators shall please to alter the law; no shall cheertully consent to exchange my liberty el abusing others/or the privilege ot not behg abuseO myselt."--Frankli'n. NOVEMBER 30, 1945 CATHOLIC LEADERSHIP Ev.ry social and economic ill has a remedy or n antidote. Our current postwar period has its+ quota of economic and soci- al ailments. Society is suffering from a complication of ser- ious, chronic troubles that cry for a remedy. Catholics have the conviction and the selL assurance that the doctrines of Christ are the antidote and the remedy that are needed. What has to be done is the application of those doctrines in an active, direct manner to the sore spots to effect a cure. That can be done only by leadership, and that is where we fail, in other words, we lack Catholic leadership. Lest some of our separated brethren, who are always seeing sinister motives in anything that Catholics propose, it will be well-- to take the wind out of their sails, before they start storming with spoutings of Catholic control--to explain that we mean leadership in the direct application of Christian principles and teachings to problems of the day. If that is not done by men and women of Christian conviction, who offer the Christian solution of the problems of society, it is going to be done, and is being done by those who foster and promote doctrines forei,n and contrary to Christian concepts of society, government and economics. We need an active, educated and aggressive laity in var- ious branches of social and economic life, fully imbued with the spirit of Christ and the teachings of His Church, who will lead others to see the advantages and the superiority of Christ's doctrines and His way of living and to put them actively to work in the various lines of human endeavor in which they are engaged. As a potent remedy for the ills of society, we do need active, intelligent Catholic leadership to make the doctrines of Christ, living, active realities. It is the modern apostolate that calls for zeal and devotion.--Catholic Action of the South. POOR, BACKWARD SPAIN To the Catholic Times oF London we are indebted for throwing u little more light upon the conditions which have moved brave "statesmen" to contend that conditions existing in Spain must be changed at all cost. Most of the factories and firms in Barcelona, the Times informs us, once hotbeds of Communist propaganda and con- Spiracy, are now carrying on a flourishing apostolate of Cath- olic Action. Many of these business and ndustrial establishments have their own special chaplains and many managements allow daily quarter of an hour period for the workers to receive re- ligious instruction. The Vatican radio has praised the splendid results obtained from this program. Factories that do not have their own chaplains receive regular visits from "missionaries of labor." There is also widespread apostolate active among the workers in their homes From the ranks of the workers special leaders, called counsellors, are B'ained in every aspect of labor problems ant' workers' needs and each counsellor takes ears of a group of his fellow workers. / Workmen's retreats are also growing very popular, last year more than 2,000 Austrian miners made retreats. Man, Catholic Action weekly papers promote the interest of th( working class. Catholic Action is also giv(ng the people schools, appren. tice courses, sports centers, savings banks, dispensaries, lega! advice. In Madrid the Salesian Fathers conduct a trade sehoo" attended by 1,500 boys. . Small wonder that Spain is causing some people a grea deal oF worry.--Catholic Messenger. FEASTS OF THE WEEK Monday, December 3 St. Fransls Xavier, a young Spanish gentleman: was teach- On St. Patrick's Day, 1778, a group of men gathered in the home of Col. John Fitzgerald, aide de camp to Gen. Wash- inures, to draw up plans for a Catholic church in historic Alex- andria, Virginia. Gen Washington not only attended the meeting, but actually contributed to the building fund. Rob- ert HoDs, a non-Catholic Marylander, donated the land for the church, which was built in 1795. St. Mary's celebrating its one hundred and fiftieth anniversary this year, now has a parish roll large enough to require four priests to staff'it.J.M. Vos- burgh, O.S.M. Confraternity Of Christian Doctrine By Rev. James W. Nuffent, S.T.L. Diocesan Director "HATS OFF "Whenever Father Carroll calls me up and says, 'How about a trip into the country,' I know there's a very good reason for the ride. By this time I've expected such a trip to be made in the service of the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine. 'Suppose we take the Lee Boulevard, Tom,' suggests Father. I follow the Boulevard for twenty miles, when he offers, 'Suppose we turn off to the left here.' First[  thing you know, we re bumping t they are so. distant from the along on a road that leads up to church, that t ]s hard and some a farmhouse, times impossible to get to Mass, Father visited for about a half has made that mother and father hour. As I waited, I got to think- t see their responsibility as par- ing about where the nearest Ca- ,eros to teach their children retig- tholic lived I put the same ques- !ion. In that little farmhouse the tion to Father when vte started'Whole family says morning pray- back. ers together; there is grace at St. Charles,' he answered brief- meals, and there is rosary and ly. evening prayer. As soon as you St. Charles? Why, that's your )arish! Twenty miles away! 'I know it. Some of our people live this far and farther 'from town. A few of them can travel to the church by automobile; but many of them don't have cars, and the church has to be brought to them.' He paused, and continued. 'Do you know how those children in the house we just left are learn- ing their religion?' No; but I'll admit I'm curious. 'Their parents are teaching them. I've seen to it that there are catechisms for the little ones, and I've given the mother and father some other books that ex- plain the Catechism so that it won't be just a matter of asking questions and giving memorized answers. I visit the family every two weeks, and we have a little examination. That mother and father are doing a good job of parenthood. Theirs is a real Ca- +holic home. The very fact tha walk in the door you feel that you are in a Catholic home. A picture of the Sacred Heart welcomes you.' Well, Father, my hat is off to those good Parents. 'It should be off to them. With them, the home comes first: They want God to be known in their home. They are parents in the fullest sense of that noble name: they teach their children the things of God. If only other Ca- tholic parents knew their story and would check up on themselves as to how true they are to the parenthood with which God has abundantly blessed them.' I drove up to the rectory as Fa- ther made that wish." Pray for the suffering souls, they will think of us when we forge: them, and if we help them, they can and will help us far more than ,,,, oqn hold ourselves. ots--l Is hnpomt tha J auemtoM be eUrned w/th the smdse name and COMP/ETK addtJsk(nog fibUla/s) otherwise the questions will not be answered. No njm nz evJur:ubRshed. Qucmtionc wh/eh aa]t toy private anJwer must be accompanied bit me}.ndde0ed, o sovehl We Invite 1 hout and wot,hwhlo oomtionl. Can We As Catholics Believe That Some Human Beings Lived Before Adam Was Created by God? No, we cannot. It is an article of faith that all men now living are descended gram one pair of progenitors, Adam and Eve. The unity of the human race is proved from Holy Scripture, which de- clares that all men are descended from one couple. Eve is called "the mother of all living," and Adam is called "the father of the word, who was created alone." St. Paul proved to the Greeks at Athens the unity Of God from the unity of the human race: "God hath mane Of one (man) all mankind to dwell upon the whole face of the earth." In the supernatural order, St. Paul teaches the unity of the race by the doctrine of Original Sin: "Wherefore as by one man sin entered into this world, and by sin death; and so death passed upon all men, in whom all have sinned." That all i men now living spring from a common stock is proved from his- tory, which declares Asia the cradle of the human race; from philology which traces all lang- uage back to a common primitive tongue; from physiology which proves that all races have the same 'anatomical structure, variations of color, cranial formation, and the like being, non-essential differ- ences; from rational psychology which shows the intellectual unity of all peoples. A Calvinist, de la Peyrere, tried to prove from Scrip- ture that a race of men lived be- fore Adam; his arguments, how- ever, proved nothing and were finally abandoned by their author himself, who eventually became a Catholic and a member of the Oratory. Is there a'St. Realia? Yes, there is a St. Rosalie. She is the patron saint of Palermo in Sicily, of which city she was a native. She passed her life as a recluse in a cave on a hillside, not far from Palermo, and died there at the age of 30 (A.D. 1160). She was famous for the austerity of her penitential life and for many miracles wrought in answer to her prayers. Itow may one recognize the Scapular Medal? A scapular medal should have on one side an image of our Di- vine Lord showing His Sacred Heart (not a mere representation of a heart) and on the other side any image of our Blessed Lady (not necessarily the image of our Lady of Mount Carmel). The medal should receive the proper blessing to be of any avail to- wards gaining the spiritual privi- leges of the wearing of the scapu- lar and the person using it should have been properly invested in the regular scapulars. If a person has stolen something of value but is unable to make restitution, can he be absolved? Inability to make restitution suspends the Obligation as long as the inability continues. If the of- fender later becomes able to re- store, the stolen goods or their equivalent, he will be bound to do so. Meanwhile, if he is sorry, for his sin and sincerely promises to ........ ..... -r=+ Rural by Rev, Anthony make restitution if and when he can, he may be absolved. Is a parent ever permitted to " baptize his child? em us. Except in danger of de00th or ira.,, bet I would like to know if our pray- other extreme necessity when no It were more-'s tr'''''''jusj._ ........... ers can help a friend whom we one else is available, the parenL shouldst accuse thF:-- feel is almost certainly In hell be- is not permitted to baptize the t Thomas a Kempis " cause of the bad life he led and ph;ld. 'tbv brother." _., DID H"f qfAN D F,fft4g  G fND NOTHER ":"-." i .._ :: ul ass red II  , |L :Ota|ner O' t :.\\; I >z o.. +++ 4' / .. :. ,::%all : F' v++ .,m++ N. As| COP, RPOND@P VERY OFTEI !" . .= , L;:L)T PI;ITH I;R O; O EVER ' ,IEARD A V/OR UNTIL- 70  Z?r '  ............. - 7o his refusal to be reconciled in the end? If a soul has once been sentenced to the everlasting torture of hell, then no amount of prayers and good works by faithful friends and relatives will avail him anything. However, it is very difficult for us to say with any certainty that a man's salvation is to be despaired of. We cannot know exactly what happens in the final moments be- tore the soul is ushered before the judgment seat of God, and as long as we cannot be certain of this, we ought ira our kindness to con- tinue to pray for such souls, even though it would seem that their salvation is not so probable. * * $ How long must a girl reside in a parish In order to be married In that parish? If she moves to a parish in- tending to reside there permanent- ly she can be married before the pastor of that parish on the fii'st day of residence. Even if there is no intention of permanent resi- dence she can be married before the pastor after residing in his parish for one month. If St. Peter was a married man why does not the Church Jn our day not have married priests? It is generally admitted that St. Peter was a married man When the Apostles established the first i Christian congregations they chose the most available men for the bishops and priests whether or not they were married. The custom of choosing single men prevailed in the west while married men continued to be chosen in the east. In the fourth century it was made a universal law for the western church that no married man could be Ordained to the priesthood. In the eastern church married men are ordained but after ordination a priest cannot mai'ry. What does tbe Church mean when it speaks of an Invalid mar- rlage? To speak in correct terms an "invalid" marriage is not a mar- riage. When we use the term "invalid marriage" we mean a case in which a couple has gone through the marriage ceremony but by reason of some impedi- ment there is no true marriage. To illustrate, if a man validly mar- ried got a divorce from his wife and then went through the mar- riage ceremony with another wo- man it would be what we call an invalid marriage. 4 | c. s. sn. (General Diocesan THR I Cattle Raisg In A'n';=- Today, November 24,-'r ' nany other items are the ration list, all in t ' sugar and tires. What effect will this have 'fi--- agriculture is concerni ,':e--- % ] livestock ungloubtedly '( } slaughtered arid there '.,[, greater consumption of t  ;J[J YU. which up to this time  /l! , ration list. Arkansas   ., many sections of the '.. turned over at least .a .- cattle raising. Much  ,,'E  "r duced and dairying quite extensively. This year was a fay for cattle growers..Thee ficient nmisture to kee tures green. There was ance of hay so much many instances it was l gathered in. There seasons again and if faJ 'I '" cattle raising to be a proposition they will h certain that they wi3 enough feed for their ca crops will have to be p er, Conve: that if the summer se they will not be surprJ acute shortage of feed cattle. If farmers intend to their program of ca they should also consk such things as will fit program to make it a P ing affair. Farmers o thinking about dehydra and processing plants. :ded Meal )r Posthun )t the nation's or valor, the [edal of Honor Lieut. Harry ity. The med type sweet potato has his father, veloped and is grown i  at the White which is put through 8 !ton. ing.plant and used for r of the 318t: potato will also do _mion, Lieutena n Arkansas and could Ia Cathodc in I the same purpose. Tllg.tioned at  that accrue from this p0r Base in Call I be demonstrated and i Congressional + ability shown so thali.%r 1Naioderzerfs i might take advantage " P its worth while then t s and capturJ !ought to put up a sv tling 85 of t: dehydrating plant ne searching f f ho was takin+ thereby..This kind o " ing plant would not bf ng his men, ] sloe. %ieutenant Mi, The Future Farmers i gralled saga of a very progressive grou[ ornbat-packed many of this group are Lstates. in cattle raising it W01h',N,,* out of order for them t newly developed potato prove its value as a feed for cattle. If young people are on the farm there must profit in this kind of far the attraction. Tb fers this profit but the of ingenuity must be us it ou as is used in  industry or business. God gives us the grs most necessary for us, leave ourselves to His  Stamp Collec L and Foreig 1 packages for 20c, 25c an packages a GUARDIA dealt wit W. 1 n d In proportion as we  ''/2 souls in Purgatory, W Come