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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
November 30, 1945     Arkansas Catholic
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November 30, 1945

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Vil)e. By IThe Sent / ) ! Truman has submitted national health pro- Those, who it socialized medl- who favor it say In his anxiety to of socialism from the President sent note with his in- According to it, be able to choose and doctors will refuse or to accept will manage affairs. However, in that are enumerated, "federal aid" seems more Santa Claus . It seems that there t privato insurance con- [ business in this eoun- ;the people have ample to provide Uiem- the various types of are essential. It is always better and more in ac- cordance w i t h t h e principles upon which this nation was built to place respon- sibUity u p o n the individuals, rather than to have a pater- nal govcj'nment shoulder a I 1 htor these problems. Drlse has made this and one in which During the past country has leaned towai-d socialism. So every time a local instead of trying authorities rush to to seek aid. Not un- its vote-getting has lent ear to these peti- become the rule, the exception for in- expect the federal to provide education, hospitalization, nn- and old Where does the from to defray these comes from the upon the people can support under govern- why can they not Under private enter- more freedom They can and There is no need for any obligation to Holders of are the servants of a demoersy.. We federal admin- the war that it many citizens part in dangerous. )rice to pay for social security or good to ex- for them. o kweet nor economic irable as to be pur-  price of liberty. tight and died for as we have. We rnalism. Free men 't themselves, !the fact that most lets of all denomina- Diocese .' THE OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE DIOCESE OF LITTLE ROCK LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS, NOVEMBER 30, 1945 NO, 47 i Participate In First World Wide Education ('i)arter Omits Name Of Go London. rE)-- The .constitution for the fir':t wo,'d,wide educa- tion ,1 c:gniztLi n, :c.t ,., by the decg te cf 44 United Nations who ecently concluded their con- ference here, expes.:es h}gh hopes, of contributing to peace and sec- urity by promoting intellectual collaboration but studiously avoids any reference to God or His help. In fact, a plea to include the name of the Ahnighty in the document was rejected. A spokesman for Panama made the appeal to have the constitution include the name of God. He cit- ed the sentiments of millions of Christians who are vitally inter- ested in the work the world organ- ization is striving to advance; and noted that the British Parliament and the United States Congress open their sessions with prayer. It was a delegate from the United States who replied to the Pana- manian. He opposed the proposal, saying it was not the concern of the conference to embody noble thoughts in the constitution but to draft a document that would be acceptable to all peoples of the world. New Auxiliary )0sed to compulsory dug for the young ggr. Lawrence J. She- Rlon, it is rather dis- han, rector of St. Patrick's at the American As- Church, Washington, D.C., who University Women has been appointed an Auxil- r a permanent peace iary Bishop of the Archdiocese ,r the Women's Army of Baltimore and of Washington. the Women's Naval Bishop-elect Shehan,. who has , It has been point- been affiliated with St. Patrick's , who are concern- Church since his ordination 23 :ion, that the en- years ago, has been active in the service is not social work. He is director of the moral interests the Catholic Charities of Wash- den and women, who ington. (NC Photos) gllalpromisonttyhas Pastor Flamed . at by those in au- Leir only interest has 'k the spread of es. The moral side " has been stressed Auxiliary Bp ZaPlaius and they re- [ no cooperation [{,llitar y authorities. l"e we have to fight InlBaltimorel [ existence and we [Ys eliminate all the fat brings. But in [e,can attend to these "  . " - Ven fact that, the F nation depends i. of its womanhood. [w.llolesome and pure, Baltimore and of Washing$on, has ! high. We must long been prominent in the civic 'Ms if we are going life of the National Capital. [..and harmony among In the early 1930% Bishop-elect I",. se the stability of Shehan, then assistant archdio- L,ae sure foundation cesan director of Catholic Char- te. During the ities, was one of the leaders of a :.tae families of this group which brought about what ; Under many ser- has been called the first applica- II, ' Even under the tion of Federal funds for the re- ,Planned circum- lief of the unemployed and needy . injurious to the in the depression. family. Husbands Bishop-elect Shehan was a |,Separated, fathers spokesman for a group of repre- ' away from their sentative citizens who appeared  abnormal eondi- before District of Columbia of- ts and destructive ficials and asked for aid, on the torale and unity, grounds that ever-increasing de- ,Y in thirty of the mands and steadily decreasing :| cities shows that subscriptions were makin it im- |t a months of this ossible for private agencies to ['s one divorce for meet the swelling tide of need all !rriages recorded, alone. The Administration at ..., gave the matter time took the position that such itL redicted that the situations were the responsibility lages would not of the several States. But Con- iUtMlY since the di- gress voted an appropriation of ,ost of the states $6,000, in view of the appeal, and, ,lt eans a marked as the District of Columbia is a ,*e homes and in Federal jurisdiction, the approp- l. arid delinquency, riation became a forerunner of the raglng . [lditions a continu- aid which was later extended on by aking a broad scale by Federal relief :]; for women in the programs. Y' the lnfluentia! tttll should do all Bishop-elect Shehan, who was ] lead the mere- 4orn at Baltimore, December 18, ][i  back to their 1898, has been stationed at St. Patrick's continuously since his re- '][", ational, as well turn from Rome, where he was tVen, function of ordainjd on December 23, 1922. |]e of children, i He was assistant pastor at St. lV,,g of this ha- Patrick's from 1923 to 1941, and page 8 has been pastor since 1941. It is not known if this avoidance of the name of God was intended solely as a gesture toward atheistic Soviet Russia, but, in any event, delegates from Russia failed to ap- pear at any of the sessions. It has been pointed out in this connection that the refusal of Russia to. take part actually leaves the world or- ganization of education incom- ply.e, and is calculated to cause grave concern among the smaller nations which have fallen in the sphere of Russian influence. After three weeks of study and conferences, the new educational charter was approved by delegates representing every major coun- try, except the Soviet Union. This new agency, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cul- tural Organization, for the first time places education on an inter- national basis. The constitution, adopted with- out opposition, enunciates some vital principles. The importance of removing illiteracy and misun- derstanding is emphasized. In its preamble the charter announces that a wide diffusion of culture and the education of men'for jus- tice and peace must constitute a sacred duty which all nations must meet in a spirit of mutual interest and help. It insists that a peace based exclusively upon the poli- tical and economic arrangements of governments would not be a peace which could secure the unanimous, lasting and sincere support of the peoples of the world In this Signal Corps Photo, delayed in transit from the Orient, a Korean Catholic Bishop, the Most Rev. Paul Re Okamoto, Vicar Apostolic of Seoul, reads his address to the assembled soldiers and .atives on the occasion of the ceremony of thanksgiving for the ll , eration of Korea. (NC Photos) Latin American Priests :;tu,:lying At University ,00d00nireU. S. Catholics National Drive His Excellency Appoints Father Lynch, Director Little Roek.His Excellency, the Most Reverend Bishop, has appointed Rev. Patrick M. Lynch, Professor at St. John's Home Missions Seminary, to act as diocesan director of a na- tionwide campaign sponsored hy the War Relief Services of. the National Catholic Welfare Conference to collect foodstuffs to aid the war-stricken peoples of Europe and the Far East. Czechs Protest Educ. Plan By V. Mysilvec Prague. (E)--Catnolics in Czech- oslovakia have vigorously protest- ed against plans of the government to monopolize education by na- tiona'lizing all schools, including those operated by religious com- munities. Terming such nationalization "an outrageous act aimed at the most fundamental rights of Cath- olics," a emorandum submitted to the government said such a step would "inevitably provoke a I 'Kulturkampf'. I "For the last time, we plead, [next time we shall res;st and act," the memorandum warned. The memorandum was presented to Premier Zddenek Fierlinger and Minister of Justice Jaroslav Stransky by. a delegation headed by Dr. Bohuslav JarolJmek, Abbot The "food for the War-Strick- end' campaign will open Dec. 9 and continue through Dec. 16. In announcing Father Lynch as Diocesan Director, His Ex- cellency stated: "In this coun- try where we have been simply inconvenienced by food ration- ing, it is difficult to picture the dire need of the bar essentials of life in other parts of the world Food is a critical need. Unless food is sent from this coun- try, thousands of peo/le will liter- ally starve. "This appeal for food for starv- ing people, I know will stir the hearts of all people of good will in the approaching Christmas Sea- son. They may well consider any donation which they make as a true Christmas gift to their un- known neighbors in foreign lands." As Diocesan director of the foodstuffs campaign, Father Lynch has arranged a timetable which. includes the organization of parish campaign committees, publicity about the program, collecting and sorting the "goods and shipments and the peace and moral solidarity of mankind. It is for these reasans, it is said, that the tates who are parties to the new educational constitution, believing in Mll and equal oppor- tunities for education for all in the unrestricted pursuit of objec- tive truth and in the free ex- change of ideas and knowledge, are determined to develop and to increase the means of communica- tion between their peoples and to improve these means for the pur- poses of mutual understanding and a truer and more perfect knowledge of each other's lives. This new Organization will have as one of its chief goals the col- laboration among nations and, particul.arly, new developments and research in the educational field. Washington. 0 Six priests from four Latin American coun- tries who currently are studying at the Catholic IJniversity ot America here on''soholarship8 made available through the Con- fraternity of Christian Doctrine have come to a deep appreciation of Catholic life in the United States and are writing frequent letters home about its vigor. This was revealed this week, when the presence of the priests at the University first become gen- erally known. Prior to coming to Washington, they had served as assistant pastors in parishes in Missouri and Iowa, where since last Summer they had been study- ing parish organization in the United States, parochial life and the functioning of religious vaca- tion schools conducted under the l auspices of the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine. Before re- turning to their own countries at the end of the academic year, the priests will teach in religious vaca- tion schools next summer among i Spanish-speakers in Texas. Chiefly, the Charter says, the new Organization is to contribute to peace and security by promot- ing collaboration among the na- tions through education, science and culture. This, it is held, will further universal respect for [us- I A year ago an anonymous donor tice, for the rule of law, and for]volunteered to make it possible the human rights and fundamental I for six Latin American priests to freedoms which are affirmed for made social studies in the United the peoples of the world without lStates. Archbishop Robert E. distinction of race, sex, language, I Lucey of San Antonio conveyed or religion by the charter of the lthis offer to Bishop Edwin V. United Nations In achieving these O'Hara of Kansas City, Chairman purposes the independence, late- I of the Bishop's Committee on the .grity, and differences of national IConfraternity of Christian Doc- l educational systems are not to be trine. When Bishop O'Hara went ]molested m any way, it is stated. to Sao Paolo, Brazil, last March ] Specifically, the new Organization tat the invitation of Archbishop de Its prohibited from intervening in I Vaseconcelos Mota, to take part in Imatters that are essentially within [the ceremonies marking the see- I the domestic jurisdiction of any ond centenary of that See, he be- member State. [gan the arrangements that result- [of the Praemonstratensian Mon- ed in the six priests coming to this astery in Prague. Both govern- country. , meat officials in their reply indi- Those holding the scholarships !cated understanding for the [us- to designated warehouses. "To simplify and explite mat- ters it seems best to ship directly THE ADMINISTRATIVE Elected at the Annual General Meeting of the Bishops of the United States, at the Catholic University of America, were the following members of the Administrative Board of the National Catholic Wel- fare Conference, pictured at the first meeting of the new Board, in N.C.W.C. headquarters in Washington. Left to right: Seated, Bishop Thomas K. German, Reno, Assistant Episcopal Chairman of the press Department; Archbishop John J. Mitty, San Francisco, Epis- copal Chairman, Department of Catholic Action Study; Archbishop Samuel A. Stritch, Chicago, Chairman of the Board; Bishop John M. Gannon, Erie, Treasurer; Archbishop John G. Murray, St. Paul, Vice-Chairman, and Episcopal Chairman of the Press Department. at the Catholic University were i tice of the Catholic demands and from the Pariah to the warehouse, chosen by their respective Bishops  there is some reason forh0pe that provided for our, Section of the to come 'here. Selected from'i the proposed school reform will be country in Chicago, Father LyiCh among a very large number of ap- i postponed pending the meeting of s,a. plicants, they are the Revs. AI- a legislative assembly where Ca- I "It seems of particular interest," berto Hurtado, S.J., professor at tholics have a just representation. Ihe continued "that this campaign the Catholic University of Santi- The Catholic protest pointed out t is an effort of the Catholic Cfiurch ago, Chile; Luis Enrique Sendoya, that the program of the National ]in America alone. From start to of the Diocese of Call, Colombia: Front of Czechs and Slovaks made finish it is entirely our own opera- Francisco Herrera of San Jose, provision zor reopening an scnoms I tion. All phases of the campaign Costa Rica; Dr. Raul Zambrano of that had been closed by the nazis from the collection to the actual and the nazi-dominated puppet regime. Church-operated schools were closed, the memorandum said, because they served the Czech nation and provided higher education for those strata of the population that the nazis wanted for slave labor in the Reich. Expressing "astonishment and dissatisfaction" at the draft pro- msals for nationalizing sbhools, the docment said that such a step would abandon the principle of free education and would even violate the constituti,,n of the re- public, and that taking over of the Archdiocese of Popayan, Col- umbia; Heradio Correira, in charge of the promotion of vocations in the Archdiocese of Sao Paolo, and Jaime Hincapie, educator, of Bo- gota, Colombia, They have been ordained from five to 1O years. These priests are enrolled in the School of Social Work and Social Science at the Catholic University. They are also taking a course with the Rev. Joseph B. Collins, S.S., Director of the National Center of the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine. The priests are mani- festing a great interest in the work of the Confraternity schools operated by religious cmn- ----------,---:" munities would place a new bur- Czech Dominicans ........ Re.sum, Thden on the school administration Publication Of Magazine e school bill draft is not a By V Myslivec suitable basis for school reform, Prague. (E)--T" he Dominican Fa- the memorandum. . said, neither thers at Alomouc, v a, h ve ......... Morai a from the wewpomt of culture nor their 'm cs aumlmstrauve aspects resumed publication of ' I monthly magazine Na Hlublnu ' : : = ("Out Into the Deep'), as part of ]Ambassador To New Post their widespread cultural activ-] London. {--Senor Domingo De ities in Czechosolvakia. The [our- ] Las Barcenas, Spanish Ambas- hal is dedicated to the cause of I sador to the Holy See, took leave higher regious education. The I of the Holy Father this week on Rev. Silvvster M. Braito, O. P., Ibis departure to become Spanish professor of theology, is managing i Ambassador in London. He suc- editor. Iceeds the Duke of Alba. BOARD OF THE N.C.W.C. Standing: Rt. key. Msgr. Howard J. Carroll, General Secretary, N.C.W.C.; Archbishop Richard J. Cushing, Boston, Episcopal Chair- man, Youth Department; Bishop John ]. Nell, Ft. Wayne, Episcopal Chairman, Department of Lay Organizations; Archbishop Francis J. Spellman, New York, Secretary of the Board; Archbishop James H. Ryan, Omaha, Episcopal Chairman, Education Department; Arch- bishop Joseph F. Rummel, New Orleans, Ef)iscopal Chairman, Legal Department; Bishop Karl J. Alter, Toledo, Episcopal Chairman, De- partment of Social Action; Rev. Paul F. Tanner, Assistant General Secretary, N.C.W.C. Rent Photo. (NC Pictures) distribution will remain in the hands of the Catholic Church. Past experience would indicate that many non-Catholics will be ready to give because of their con- fidence in the Church as a dis- tributing agency abroad." 100 Dioceses Rally Already more than 100 archdio- ceses and dioceses throughout the United States have raUied to the invitation of Archbishop Edw.ard Mooney of Detroit Chairman of the Board of Trustees of War Relief Services--N.C.W.C. to participate in this foodstuffs campaign. A goal of 20,000,00 cans of food has been set on the national .leveL The War Relief Services of N.C.W.C., has undertaken the en- terprise in response to heartrend- ing appeals reflecting the reality that millions of men, women and children will starve this winter unless America comes to their-aid. The timeliness and necessity of this drive for food is accentuated in the news reports streaming in from all parts of the world. Be- cause there is great fear that un- told thousands  particularly young children weakened through years of deprivation, will parish this winter, arrangements have been made to ship the collected foodstuffs with the slightest loss of time possible. Pontiff Blesses Drive The "Christ-like efforts" of his "beloved children in the United States" to bring "relief in ever-in- creasing measure" to the innocent victims of the war" are warmly praised in a cablegram signed by His Holiness Pope Plus XII him- self which has been received in Washington by His Excellency the Most Rev. Amleto Giovanni Cicognani, Apostolic Delegate to the United States. The Sovereign Pontiff says it is "with heartiest paternal gratitude" that he has learned of the cam- paign which War Relief Services N.C.W.C., will conduct in De- cember to aid the war-stricken people of the world. His Holiness says the "Piteous appeals" for help that have come to him "from every corner of the earth" have made him know "only too well the depths and the extent of the deso- See FOOD DRIVE on page 7 Confirmation Schedule Confirmation schedule as pre- viously announced by the Most Reverend Bishop: December 2, Forrest City, St. Francis Church at 10:00 a.m.; Wynne, SL Peter's Church fat 2:30 p.m.; Brinkley, St. John's Church at 7:30 pm. December 9, Mena, St. Anges Church at 8:45 a.m.