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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
November 27, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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November 27, 1920

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:- ,: .::):, .::; - . t PAGE FOUR / Published Weekly by THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Diocese of Little Rock 309 WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-clas matter March 21 1911, at the postoflice at Little Rock. Ark,. under the Ael of Congress of March 3. 1879. SIBSCRIPT1ON PRICE. $2.00 THE YEAR L CHANGE OF ADDRESS When a change of address is desh&apos;ed the subscriber should give both the old and the new address. . CORRESPONDENCE Matter intended for publication" in The (u:trd|an should reach us not later than Wednesday morning'. Brief news eorresl)ondcnce is always wclcome, The kindness of the clergy in this matter is cordially al) preciated. / Very Revo A. Stocker. O. S, B., D.D... ............... Editorin.Chief Rev. Edward A. Fhnnery .......................... Contributing Editor Rev. Gee. ]L McDermott ............................. 1Managin Editor All eommuniealions about "Tbe Guardian" should be addressed to the Rev. Gee, H, McDermott, 809 West Second Street, OI,'FICIAI. APPROVAL t. The Guardian Is the otlicitd or'ann of the diocese of Little Rock. and I pray God thttt it may be an earncs chl).lnpion in the cause of right, justice and t,.uth al)d an ardl:nt defender el the religion which we all h,ve so well. I ex't(!nd 1 it my bh,ssing with the sincere hope that its vrver may be long and prosllerous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock. 16 " ",jl, Z" i : Little Rock, Ark., November 27, 1920. l_ Press notices have it that Gabriele d'Annunzio, after having' w6ufid up the Flume affair, intenls to enter : monastery. We suspect that his pros- pective 5laster of Novices will have a pretty dif- ficult task to make a docile monk of him! :o-o In a sermon by one of the brethren, in Baptist and Co'remember of November 17, the speaker es- says the opinion that the gates o' hell, which, ac- cording to Christ's promise, shall not prevail against His Church, are the various religious de- nominations of today. Perhaps he is not very far from tile truth, if his interpretation is taken in the full light of the context. / .. o-o The Armistice parade in Pittsburgh, Pa., was characterized by a veT ugly feature: The parad- ers wohld not pass by the stand on which, Mayor Babcock was viewing the patriotic demonstration, until the Mayor had left the stand. And why? Because the Mayor had given his olIicial sanc.:ion to a campaign of raising furids in his city in behalf of the hungry children of Germany! Such a thing seems incredible, and we refrain from comment. O-O The bhnkruptcy  philosophy, which we dis- cuss elsewhere on this page, has a parallel in the condition of certain religious_ sects. Here also the existing desolation has awakened a home ick- ness after the anciet truth which) centuries ago, was cast aside by so-called reformers. So we read, in Amerika of November 18, that a "high church movement" is gaining ground in Ger- many. Some 150 prominent pastors already be- long to it. Their aims, as championed in their monthly publication, are: a return .to faith, to the forms and institutions of the early church, re-. introdfiction of the episcopate, )f the Mass as center of/religious worship, "accentuation of the sacramental character of ecclesiastical institu-,  . , o mns; especmlly the prmsthood. The intrbduction' of cOnfession is recommended, the breviary and mpnastic life are vindicated. o:o ' From Central Bureau, 221 Temple Bldg., St. L)ouis, Me., we have the information that our apel; in these columns, in behalf of the starving hildren and Sisters of Vienna is producing, re- 'suits. Our !readers will remember that a check 9f any amount or bunlle of clothes sent taere Will, in its entii-ety and without faiI, go tdthe relief of ths sufferers slecified by the donor. A donation at the present time would be especially appropriate, because it would reach there about Christmas and bring some cheer to children that have tasted so few of the joys of childhood. We hope to hear further new from "the St: l,ouis Charitable agenay that moi'e and more of the genterous readers of The Guardian are participat- ing in this most worthy charitdble cause. O-O Captain Francis McCullagh, in an article writ-. ten from personal experience (,which appeared in The New York Herald of November 14), pays the following tribute to the Catholic Church: "The t.' ' ' i Polish churches not only ]n Moscow but all over Siberia were crowded with men as well a women; ..... and I always felt better, physically and spiritual- ly, after visiting them. Tlmy were calm asylums for the sane in a coufitry which had gone mad. " Even their severe .Latin architecture and the plain Latin cross on the steeple were a relief .after the twisted Oriental styIe,: barbaric colors and dis- torte'd'crosses of the 'Orthodox' churches; while, on the other hand, the warm glow that pervaded them was an equally welcome contrast to the ideth-]ike stillness of the  'Reformed' chapels. 'They were mute but Ooqffent symbols (if agreater ' had older internatioale than Lenine's t of an in- stitution which had witnessed, the fall of the Roman Empire, .which had survived the dreadful )menacd of !slam:sin, Wlich had sefi nany'move, i iments, madder even than Bolshevisin,; rise :And rage for six or seven hundred years and so completely that the man m does .not,lo:their Y,ery :names;,:i ............. of llose Churches during the \\;.,. THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 1920. of and had found them when my journey open the others were shut, had found he Catholic priest at his post when all other ministers of re- ligion were fleeing or had fled. T!e red torrent had thundered down on them, the leaping spray had hidden them from sight and the raging waters had cut them off, but when I came back they still stood like the rock on which they are built. I thought of the tremendous prophecy which I had seen on the dome of St. Peter's : 'The gates of hell shall not prevail against it.' " O-O THE NECESSITY OF BAPTISM AS VIEWED BY TliE BAPTIST ADVANCE. In its issue of November 11, The Baptist Ad- va'nce of this city pays us the compliment of; say- ing: ""Occasionally we get an item of interest from our Catholic contemporary, The Guardian." The item of interest on this particular occasion was the answer to the question in our "Question Box?: "If a person has been baptized in a Pro- testant church does he have to be baptized again when he becomes a Cathohc. Our answer was that baptism, provided it has been correctly ad- ministered, is considered valid by the Catholic Church and cannot be repeated, no matte by whom it has been conferred in the first instance. Because of the possibility o a defect in the ad- ministration of the former baptism, however, the Catholic Church is wont, in view of the absolute necessity of baptism, to administer baptism con- ditionally to converts from other denominations. 0nder the supposition of the absolute necessity of baptism for salvation, our contemporary finds this practice of the Catholic Church logical and praiseworthy. However, it is the premissthat worries our cotemporary. Says he: "But what can you think of a doctrine that shuts a person off from salvation merely because he was not properly baptized? He may be a believer in Christ. He may have exercised repentance and fith. He may even believe that he has been bap- .tized. t But if there has been some irregularity about it, then, according to this Catholic author- ity, the person can have no salvation. How would you like to hold a doctrine like that?' Let ,us begin by stating that Catholics do not hold a doctrine like that. To be sure, on the strength of Christ's words John iii, 5 (quoted from the Protestant Bible) : "Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God," the Catholic Church believes in the neces- sity of baptism by water whenever the latter is p6ible. And therefore it is her duty to see that all 'those who come to her do not, through any fault on her part, miss this baptism of water. Hence her ordinary custom of conditiona re- baptism. But the Church knows, also, of a baptism of desire which, in extraordinary cases, may replace the baptism of water. For instance, if erie preparing for baptism and anxiously long- ing for its reception, were carried away by a stroke of apoplexy before compassing his desire, Catholics would not despair of his salvation. Nor is it necessary for salvation that this de- sire for baptism be explicit. ; It suffice when it is implicit. And such an implicit desire of baptism all those may be saido have who are serving their God the best these know. They may never have heard of the gospel and therefore know no,h-, ing of baptism; or having heard of the gospel, they may neyer have had it brought home to them that baptism is necessary; or believing in the necesity of baptism, they may be under the in- culpable illusion that they have been baptized. In all these and similar cases the baptism of water is a moral impossibility, but is replaced, provided the persons under cbnsideration are bona fide and sincere worshippers of God, by tle bap- tism of, implicit desire. 'If they knew that bap- tigm by water is one of God's conditions for sal- vation, they would wish by all means to, extend, their obedience ao to thaVmatter. "From which it follows that the Catlolic doc- trine o baptism is quite different from what our esteemtt conteraporaT imagines. Nor can it be said thht the statement in The Guardian neces- sarily led him into his error. For the answers in our Question Box department are naturally short and compefidious. Without Writing a trea- tise on baptism, the question was sufficiently an- swered by stating the genes;el fact of the validity of Protestant baptism, by mentioning the Cath- olic Practice, 'and giving the reason for it. Our contemporary might have guessed that such a sho answer does riot present aH the aspects of the Catho)ic ddcirine about baptism,, and before appearing in print against us, he would have d0e well first to make sure of his ground. We re- marki however, that the tenor of his article was distinctly courteous, so that it has been a real pleasure to us to go over his difficulty, with him. We feel sure, mreover, that in a future issue of 'he Baptist Advawe the editor will take pains to Cbrrect the false impression concerning a Cath- olic doctrine which by his article he has, unwit- tingly,: produded iii his readers. ' S. " .----O ROPING IN THE DARK. Fortnightly Review o'f November 15, after an international cpngres hdid at Oxford and stating, with the London Universe, that a great progress was noticeable among the scholars from the athe- ism and materialism of twenty years ago to views more in conformity with religion, dismisses the subject with this remark: "It is a pity that sin- cero men should thus grope in the dark, but it is a matter of thanksgiving that they are even grop- ing." This groping in the dark, characteristic of non- Catholic philosophy on a growing scale ever since the Reformation, is owing to the extinction of some very important lio'hts. The first light ex- tinguished was the teaching authority of the Cath- olic Cturch, the second the divine inspiration of Holy Scripture. But what has the denial of the Church and of the Bible to do with the fates of philosophy? Is not philosophy a science of the natural order de- pending on the light of reason alone? It is true, indeed, that philosophy is concerned with truth of the natural order and expects us to accept none of its conclusions on faith, but at the same time its subject matter is both beyond the horizon of the senses and happens to coincide, to a large ex- tent, with the domain of knowledge that appears in full splendor in the light of Revelation. Those philosophers, therefore, who shut out the light of Revelation are like men who attempt to decipher a difficult manuscript in the light of the moon while they might have the use of theight of the sun. Is it astonishing that, under such untoward circumstances, they are making mistakes or are hesitating when Catholic philosophers have no misgiving at all? Besides, if these modern philosophers merely ignored the light of Revelation their plight would be bad enough. For is it not a pitiful handicap to be'compelled to work in the twilight when you might have at ,our disposalhe flashing light of day? But the real tragedy of,the situation lies in this that these philosophers have a positive dis- trust of the teachings of Revelation and perverse- ly believe that they must find the truth in a dif- ferent direction. Hence they are worse off than the old pagan philosophers who had an open mind for all truth and no antagonism against a divine revelation to lead them on a false track in their researches. And, as a matter of fact, we find much more sense and much less nonsense in Plato and Aristotle than in the average modern philoso- pher. However, it is gratifying to nobice that these philosophers are beginning to realize the bank- ruptcy of %heir philosophy. May we not, perhaps, discern in their fprmer aberrations and their gi:adual return to the truth the working of that Divine Providence which St. Paul unveils before our as'con:shed eyes in his Epistle to the Romans? God left both the unbelieving Gentiles and un- believing Jews tO themselves that in. their volun- tary estrangement from God they might find out, by sad experience, their proper  insufficiency, and thus become disposed the more sincerely o return to their God! . S. o-0 CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY COLLECTION. His Eminence, Cardinal Gibbons, as Chancellor of The Catholic Uhiversity of America, appeals to the American Hierdrchy and people for their cordial support in the following letter: In view of the approach of the First Sunday in Advent, set down by Our Holy Father for the Annual Collection in favor of the Catholic Uni- vjrsity of America, I take the liberty Of laying before you and commending to you the appeal of our great national Catholic school of higher learn- ing for your cordial support, and for the con- tinued cooperation of your faithful clergy and generous laity. ,. .It is admitted by all that the Catholic Univers- ity has ha a large share in the happy develop- ment of bur American Catholic life in the last three decades. Quite apart from its daily service to Holy Ehurch and to human learning, it has called into being and nourishes generously edu- cational works of a high order of religious help- fulness and merit. We owe to the Catholic Uni- versity of America the Catholic Sisters College, of whose usefulness there is but one opirion. By the training afforded the Sisters and the Diocesan superintendents of schools it has been! most help- ful to Catholic primary education. Trinity Col- 4ege, our first Catholi graduate School for uomen, arose ad flourishes through the encouragement . I ad devotion of the Unlvermty authorities and professors, iCatholic Summer Schools for our teaching sisterhoods now growing in number, owe their origin to the Univ4rsity. The Catholic t Encyclopedm, that mnumental and unparalleled work of American Scholirship, yet new to Such complicated and difficult undet;akings, recognizes cheerfully its debt to th University. In general all our larger American Catholi movements have ttlrned nat, urall: to the Univers- ity for sympathy and Supportl and have beefi wglr corned. It creaed nd'sustains f21e National Cot- ference  of Catholic harities I to whose labors we owe in no small measure our new and mort prac- tical interest, in Catholic charities and their in- creased efficiency. It is the 15area, of the Catholic Educational Association, and shares itsnerits in respect ;of educaion'al thought and life: I riced hot,add tlat its patriotic, Gre var ! . t tional respect and confidence on the American people. In union with th( of Louvain it is publishing the works ental Fathers, an enterprise interru war, but begun again, and which in honor the American Catholic tron of religious learning. It has teen religious orders within its greatly benefited among them the studies whereby their efficiency is creased. The secular clergy in turn il the University a rich source of ture in all the sciences, and owe to it in large measure a on the duties and opportunities of the representative and agent of Holy the new conditions of life, religious that we must henceforth meet. It just not to mention the useful professors in various departnents and the self-sacrificing devotion of them who have never refused, from tance, the call of religion or charit patriotism. I do not say too much when I diocese in the United States now or indirectly, by the Catholic it brings to every American small encouragement and consolation he looks back to those days when no foothold at the National Capital. brief space of one eneratio, local Catholic development, and poverty, we have been ablh to the University so much of permanent  may we not look for when it be more active fraternal support to Father benignly' ini, ites us in his the American Hierarchy. Quite naturaliy, the University center of Catholic social service lic meetings, conventions, etc., summer of recent years being In this way its buildings, 1 ment make regularly an the church for their cost and nd, wi apart fm their proper academic, lii consi great institution develops, this puuIul d decl the National Capital will become yeaI:,,.patri perhaps even more ne00essary.00l uable, e(ft, t self Much yet remains t{) be done b .uIIF e nt;ers w versify is fully equipped to repr se :Ii.ith -' /  Op before the American people in the lI ( of an religion, philosolhy, letters, law, education, charity, and the of our time. Our new Catholic :fi'om our primary schools and urgently for the happy versity, as the natural center of tionaI work to which we have so so successfully dvoted ourselves PlenmT Council of Baltimore. As vivor of that venerable assembly, the hopes which it centered on tle for Catholic higher education m a very satisfactory measure, difficulties considered. The venerable brethren of thirty years shape in a noble and extensive ings, many professors numerous for secular and religious brary, splendid laboratories, and intelligence and practice of a' g'ead's en gend: all of which,was lacking to us tahe eZeIa--'s I need not remind you that the Unive:sity has not kept pace ason, "red I; luveni: rial growth. The funds acqm /y call hated mostl for specific purposes,IJiag n arships, etc., which makes it im to I ': itho them for the general developme(/tit._l!c... e IT hat versity. They must be and are k .Iig o need I remind you of the considerlilI-!? f the expenses of the University, to .I,ileric ( .<.ipani has only the support and goodwiIF "::'z archy, and the generosity of our JIVincei,:__ It i's they indeed who have held ..u,!.:,,'..e of'he confideti'! ,, z s the past and ,0'them we  I:!tlroug h instructed and encouraged by theI,, the necessary means to accom tellectual works of the new I appeal;to you, therefore eralle Brother, to aid the of ilsrapid growth, Annual Collection, repeatedly by the Apostolic Se. In this waY would receive from your generO us lar contribution in kee duty to Catlkolic higher creased resources, and with creased expenses of this leadership, service, public The years of my erthly life close, .and in the way of appear before/my judge. I could happiness in these remaining that the Catholic University placed on a solid basis ifor the with its admitted needs, gr0rth and progress, anc with interdst of our Catholic Collection were at least d the .University would be basis for the present, the fruits of 'the labors and 'been 00eourea to r. J.!