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Litlte Rock, Arkansas
November 27, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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November 27, 1920

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that nothing is more de" papers and that every one may good reading which and strengthens virtues. PP.. XV, i ogmwu A Catholic Paper is a , Perpetual Mission-- Pope Leo XIII "The Guardian" in every ho/ne---our Motto. , The Official Organ of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas 0 Little Rock, Arkansas, Saturday, November 27, 1920 Number 24 FLAGS PAGEANT LORD MAYOR LE DO NOT UN- WHY IT WAS PER- LONDON AND NOT W. C. News Service) 8.wThe tragedy of rached its climax and 'few days ago, when, as of a late October eve- in, the body of the of Cork was carried out the prison gates, that was waiting to bear Cathedral in South- d. 'the body was borne to that owes so much to of Irishnen in Lon- silence it was placed altar, where more filed past the pay their last tribute MacSwiney. In si- Lord Mayor left the in silence has passed and England, and in loneliness he sea on his final to Cork. of Spectators. Some four or five miles Cathedral to Euston, lays along busy thor- tortuous streets congested mazes of Through- of this route of thousands of spec- gathered to witness of the Irish Lord died in Brixton Gaol. nd Respectful.  of the politics of its state of mind But the silent waited expectantly route that late behaved itself as in deathly silence the Cavell was carried of London to its It is said that London an elderly great excitement, as the mourn- Passed. That was the disturbed the grave attitude of the hun- of spectator. police the funeral along with the cru- and all heads were Symbol was car- followed deputations a large company the rosary. The still and more si- possible, as two ight. The first bore and in the sec- of the dead Lord with the flag and again, as 1Passed by every man CompaCted. connect- and solemn pageant to the Eng- understand, Irish Volunteers stand about the Cathedral why they may coffin with a peaceably, by he forbidden by things in their it quite clear to the Sinn be carried in in London and in Cork; or in the city died r4ile and more long, which he lived more than a thoughts that hundreds of who watched Mayor Mac- in the dead  they saluted and be that dead who to Ireland, as own English sea from rBel- I HOW ATTACKS ON POPE DURING THE WAR WERE STOPPED LLOYD GEORGE MADE TO CON- SIDER PROTEST OF CATHOLIC FEDERATION. (By N. C. W. C. News Service) London, Nov. 10.--The report of the conference of the Catholic Confedera- tion of England and Wales, which was held during the sessions of the Na-i tional Catholic Congress at Liverpool l last August, gives an interesting ac- count of how the Confederation stopped the attacks on the Pope that ere being made in the press of some of the Allied countries. British Press Attacks. The Confederation was particularly concerned with the attacks on the Pope in the British press in 1918, and a deputation was formed with the idea of calling upon the British Premier. Two letters were addressed to the Prime Minister, the first of which was taken to Downing street by the secre- tary of the Confederation himself. Sufficient time was allowed to elapse to enable the Premier to reply, and on a reply not being forthcoming, a second letter was sent to Downing street, intimating that the matter the Confederation had in hand could not be neglected. More than that, the Confederation let it be clearly known to Mr. Lloyd George that if the depu- tation were not reaeived an open let- ter to the Prime Minister would be in- serted in the press. Ministry Gets Busy. The action of the Confederation was effective, and at once it was learned that orders had been sent out to the British press that attacks on the Holy Father must cease, and, as a "matter of fact, they did cease, and immedi- ately. World 'Bishops Respond. In taking this action the Catholic Confederation had the cooperation of the Hierarchies of England, Scotland, ,Ireland, and Wales; the cooperation of the entire Hierarchies of the United States and Canada, the Knights of Columbus, and the National Catholic War Council. The cables were called into use, and within 72 hours the Con- federation had been authorized to speak for the Hierarchies of the United States, Canada, the Maritime Provinces, and the Catholic authori- ties in New Zealand, Australia, Tas- mania, Trinidad, India, ald the West Indies. In making their protest to the Eng$ lish Premier the Confederation were thus in a position to speak in the name of the entire English speaking Catholic people of the world. This, says the report, is an absolute proof of the value of unity of action. RHEIMS CATHEDRAL REPAIRS WILL TA/KE \\; FIFTEEN YEARS (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Paris, Nov. 12.More than $2,000,- Bishop Gunn of Natchez Comments on European Trip PAYS AD LIMINA VISIT TO HOlY FATHER WHOM HE DECLAIES IS THE BIGGEST MAN IN THE WORLD TODAY WITH THE ROCK OF PETER FIRMER THAN EVER. "HELL OR AMERICA I FOR THE IRISH" Visited Cemetery Where 27,000 American Boys are Buried-- Died to Save France, England and Belgium But Not Ire- land--Arraigns Britain's Treatment of Ireland. (From Natchez Democrat Right Rev. John E. Gunn, Bishop of Natchez, has returned from Europ. He reached the Cathedral in Natchez on Saturday, Nov. 6, and gave a re- porter of the Natchez Democrat the following interesting interview cover- ing some of the Bishop's experiences when abroad: Kept His Eyes Open and Mouth Shut on the Other" Side. "As the Bishop put it, he kept his mouth shut and his eyes open on the other side and a little change of tac- tics here may do no harm. "Things on the other side are seen at the present through English eyes, and English minds do most of the thinking for the reading public in America. A little variety may do the readers of the Natchez Democrat some good and no harm. . Glad to Be Home Again. "Yes, I am glad to be lmme--like the mourner at t]e cemetery--glad that I had not to stay there. Europe seems to be a huge necropolis. The dead are happier than the living. I admit very frankly that I have had the funeral fever very badly for the last few months, and I may be seeing things from a rather pessimistic view- po!nt." Visited France, Italy and the British Islands. "My trip covered parts of France, Ital and the British Islands. The at- traction of France is no longer Paris, but Verdun and the surrounding battle fields. I spent a week with Verdun and Chateau-Thierry as my headquar- ters. I had a splendid French officer, who had made thd Marne and Verdun ampaigns, as my guide, so I got a pretty good idea of.what Frtmce did to help England win the war. Of course, England claims all the credit and all the glory, and it is exceedingly bad form to question or look suspicious about that assertion.. Up to the pres- ent,at least, France is credited, even in England, with having done sbrrte- thing at the Marne, at the Somme and at Verdun. "I expect by next year France will scarcely be mentioned, or at most she will be one of Britain's helpers, as America is now represented. Historic Verdun, "I spent two or three days at Ver- dun and saw where a million shells fell daily for two years, and where half a million French lie buried, and whereat he immortal poilus proclaimed through Clmteau-Thierry to Ciei'ge Fimes, etc., and through.the Argonne, and visited a cemetery where 27,000 American boys lie buried 'that all na- tions, great and small, should be free and governed only by the consent of "the governed.' Our Boys Died to Save .France and Belgium, But Not Ireland. "The French officer who was my guide spoke in the highest terms of the bravery, discipline, skill and cour- age of the American boys, and voiced the gratitude of the French Army and people for what America did to win the war; pointing to the rows and rows of Irish names, this brave officdr could not hide the emotion in his voice when he said: 'They died to save France'and Belgium, but they died in vain as far as Ireland goes.' God won the war, but the devil won the peace. Rheims Fortunate That It Was Not Burned by British Black and Tan. "I visited Rheims and its wonder- ful Cathedral. I saw the shlls that fell in the building and never ex- ploded; I saw the battered walls, the ruined roof, the pulverized fortress- like towers; but Rheims was fortunate that it was only battered by German shells, and not burned by British Black and Tan. Rheims can be re- storedthe burned towns of Ireland will have to be rebuilt. I followed the German advances to the Marne in 1914 and in 1918. It was war at its worst, but it was nbt so sickening as what I "aw at Galway, Tuam, Balbriggan and scores of places in Ireland. The' Visit to Rome. "From France I went to Italy. There recovery seems slower and the war traces deeper and more depressing than in France, Rome is a sad place to visit just now. If any of your readers want to go to Italy, I would srongly advise them to stay at home until police regulations are reduced to something normal and reasonable. It took me five days to ge the necessary police permit to stay in Rome and five days to get the required police permit to leave Rome, and the 'questera' i not a rest cure station, with the ther- mometer between 80 and 90. Bnedict XV the Biggest Figure in the World Today. "I saw the Holy Father, Benedict XV. I remembered him when he was in Cardinal Rqmpolla's,office more than thirty, years ago. He is a most 000, and fifteen years'time--if the their faith, their hope and their vic- money is all available at once--will tory in "worls that will tell genera- be required for the repairing of the ltions yet unborn the whole story of Rheims Cathedral, according to an of- ] Verdun--'ils ne passeront pas---on, los ficial statement by Cardinal Lucon. [ auran0us los evens;' they won't Cardina,1 Lucon seems to be dis- I pass; we will get them; they are ours. ' e couraged at the slowness with which, God bless the French, they are sup rb, contributions toward the reconstru-,they do things, they tal little; they tion of the great medieval temple have havoc not the swell head- been received. Thus far the only con- I saw the Trench of Bayonets, siderable sum for the Cathedral's re- where over a hundred soldiers were habilitation has come from the French Government, which appropriated 1,000,000 franc to'replace the roof, to supply temporary tiles ad tp erect supports so that the building might again be used for worship. A gift of $10,000 is expected from the Knights of Columbus. ( CATHOLIC TRADE UNIONS IN HOLLAND (By N. C. W. C. News Service) The.Hague, Nov. 12.The Catholic Trade Unions are progressing. In 1909 they numbered less than 10,000 members; in Deceml)er, 1919, these figures rose to 189.,050. They have Just openeda sanatorium where tuber- culosis is to be treated. At Utrecht, they started a printing house in a building owned by their Union. A magazine published by them is also thriving, with 5,100 subscribers. r0sses and Crucifixes--Wood, Sil. ver/Gold--BOOKERYI-B09 W, Second. buried by shell fire just at the moment when, with their muskets ready and their bayonets fixed, they were on the ppint of getting out of the trenches. A few well placed ,shells buried the entire company in the trenches, and their bayonets and the tops of their muskets are still over the ground and are held in the death grip of the ded ands,buried Bretons. ViSited Cemetery  Where 7,000 American Boys Are Buried. "I was at Douamont, so often taken and retaken, and had the honor to meet the yotmg wife of General Arise- tin, who died at the moment when General Nivelle proclaimed the vic- tory of Verdun. Verdun may not com, pare in military glory with the defeat of Archbishop Mannix, or the burniig , of Balbriggan, so much heralded Brit- ish victories, but I would rather share An the glory of Verdun than in the present Cromwellian conquest of Ire- land. "Yes, I followeii the footstoIlS of the American Army' from Belleah Wood striking personality, very young look-' ing, but of a singular blending of dig- nity and amiability. He received me most graciously; no red tape to un- ravel to see the biggest figure in the world teday. The Rock of Peter Firmer Than Ever. "The Rock of Peter is as irm as ever. The world war lashed its mad passion against it, but the Rock is stronger and safer than at any time in its history. "The Pope speaks French like a Parisian, so it was easy to make the reports of the Diocese. The recruit- ment of the clergy and our Catholic school idea 'every Catholic child ir a Catholic-school ' seemed to interest the Holy Father the most. Splendid Report to the Holy Father on Diocese of Natchez. "I had a very simple report to make. Fhe priests are loyal to their Bishop; the'people are devoted to their priests, and the future of Mississippi is in safekeeping iri our splendi'd Catholic schools, and we are spiritually united to the head of the Catholic Chur, as we are civilly a unit in support of the American Constitution. I was glal to be able to report that liberty of conscience and freedom from bigotry were not tiieories but facts in the Diocese of Natchez, and that Catholics and Protestants lived like brothers tn our commonwealth of Mississippi: Americans Not Welcome in England, (C0ntinued on Page 6) HILAIRE BELLOC OFFERS ADVICE TO CATHOLICS NEAR FUTURE CONFLICT TO UP, HOLD LEGISLATION FAVOR ABLE TO CATHOLIC DOCTRINE (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Wigan, England, Nov. 12.At a conference of the Catholic Young Men's Society, held in Wigan under the presidency of the Archbishop of Liverpool, Mr. Hilaire Belloc deliv- ered a telling address in which he offered some important guidance to Catholics, regarding he part they should take in any legislation that is contrary to Catholic doctrine. "Looking ahead," Mr, Belloc said, "it is quite certain we shall have in the near future legislation or decrees affecting, at any rate, the less well- to-do of the population, which will conflict with Catholic doctrine and the Catholic view of life. "Our attitude must depend upon de- gree. If Catholics make it clear why they differ so much, so as .to make their resistance appear warranted, it is possible by that very protest we may prevent the evil we fear. Let us wait until the evil comes, and thTn let us observe proportion and degree. If the degree is passed, after which a Catholic must refuse, we must make up our minds to resistance, for there is a point after which there can be no compromise. "But before there' can be any ques- tion of defying the law, there must be clear definition. Catholics must know what it is exactly they refuse to do, and why. Consequentl we must be guided by ecclesiastical authority. I dwell on this point for a moment, be- cause non-Catholics get the idea that the Catholic Church is a highly organ- ized body despotically governed, much like a regiment in time of war, "That is the very antithesis of the Catholic temperament, the very op- posite of the intellectual freedom" which is the mark of the Catholic Church. It is within the Catholic Church alone that we hear discussed today' all the fundamentals of philos- ophy. But ecclesiastical authority is absolutely necessary where corporate action is concerned. "If any one has to \\;resist,' the task is not so formidable as is imagined. Small as the Catholic body is in this country, it knows what it thinks, and it has a determined position. That is of enormous importance. A minority which is logical, reasonable, and united, is a very much stronger thing than mere numbers would suggest." GIOVANNI PAPINI'S REbORTED CONVERSION (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Rome, Nov. 10.--Giovanni Papini, poet, critic and philosopher, whose sudden retracing of his steps baclo- wards Catholicism, the religion of his childhood, has set all Italy o wonder- ing, is now in a country plaice not far from the Eeternal City busily engaged in completing a "Story of Christ," for publicatiom shortly in Italian and Eng- lish. Though Papini will not discuss, ad many people who know him will not credit, his "o@nversion," it is certain that he has undergone a spiritual change which has brought him once more very nearly to the threshhold of the Church. Papini himself wffi give no satisfactory answer to the question whether he has returned to the Faith, because, as he contends, this is a ma- ter in which the oatside wbrld can have no legitimate concern. I has reared'his child a Catholic. , In the preparation of his book, Papini has indicated he has ept to the text of the four Gospels, but has taken "the liberty of interpretation." \\; CARTHAGE SITE " OF' MARTYRDOM IN CHRISTIAN HANDS / (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Rome, Sept. ll.--Th site of the celebrated amphitheate of Carthage, where .St. Perpetua and St. Felicite met martyrdom, has come into the hands of the spiritual descendants of the martyrs. The White Fathers, themissionaries of Algiers, now control the grounds where the ancient edifice stood, and recently a solemn high mass was cele- brated in a subterreanean' vault which has been converted into a chapel. CATHOLIC WOMEN ARE ORGANIZED IT WILL BE A BRANCH OF THE NATIONAL WELFARE COUNCIL EFFECTING MORALITY OF WOMANHOOD. ' (By N. C. W.C. News Service) New York, Nov. 22.--Representa- tive Catholic women'of the archdio- cese of New York have completed final plans for the establishment of the New York branch of the National Council of Catholic Women and the call has been sent out for a general meeting on December 19. Plan of Organization. Plans for organization were ]napped out at a meeting held on November 11 at 108 East 79th street,at which the Very Rev. Thomas F. Burke, su- perior general of the Pauiist Order, addressed leaddrs of New York Cath- olic women's societies, appealing to them in the name of the hierarchy of the United States to take a united stand for that morality for which Catholic woanhood is known throughout the world. Should Be Endowed. Mrs. Michael Gavin, president of the National Council of Catholic Women, acted as temporary chairman of the meeting, which was presided over by Miss O'Donohue, who has been appointed by Archbishop ayes as local chairman. Miss Agnes Re- gan, executive secretary of the N. C. C. W., also addressed the gathering, explaining in detail the work, of the National Catholic Welfare Council and particularly emphasizing the ne- cessity of the National Catholic Serv- ice School for Women. Miss Regan declared that Catholic women, realiz- ing the need of such an institution: should be prepared to endow it so that it may rank with the best social serv- ice schools in America. ...... CAvilization and the Church. Father Burke in his address cailed attention to the philosophy underlying Hilaire Belloc's recent book, "Europe and the Faith," an'd how, in a master- ly manner the author had shown that European civilization nd the Cath- olic Church are synonymous terms. The speaker emphasized that one of the most important things the Church has accomplished is the reinstatement of' women, declaring that from the be- ginning she has been given by the Church an equal place with man. Appeal to Women. "The Church has .done everything for women,': said Father Burke, "an the Church sks women to do some- thing for her, We make the appeal in the name of the Hierarchy of the United States, the representatives of the Church who are now calling upon you to become members of a great national body that can speak as such, that can act as such, that can object to unlawful movements, that can take a stand against all immoral evils that disregard the laws of nature and of the state, that can as one great strong b)dy speak ot in the name of God and man for right and for justice, for virtue and for honor, for that morality for which Catholic womanhood is known throughout the world. "That is what we want and that is the power which you exert. It is a power that is not given to any other body of men and women upon earth. You, the Catholic women of this court- ] . try a l, a whole, as a umt, speak out your iews and I do not hesitate t@ say that it will be as the power of heaven itself." Committee Called. The committee on arrangements for the meeting to be called in December includes Mrs. John D. Agar, chair- ,ma; Miss Georgine Iselin, Mrs. Nicholas F. Brady, Mrs. John D. Ryan, Mrs. Joseph Slevin, Jr., Miss Irene Cullen, Miss M. L. Brady, Mrs. Wal- ter Wood, Miss Marie Doelger, Mrs. John Francis Brosnan, Miss Eleanor Lenane, Countess de Saugier-Villars, 'Mrs. LeGrand Clark, Mrs. Clarence W. Francis, Miss Jane Hoey, Miss Ada Clark and Mrs. Henry W. Taft. FRENCH CATHOLIC MINISTERS' FAMILIES (By N C. W, C. News Shrvice) Paris, Nov. i0.--Two members of the present French Cablnet--both of them practical Catholics--are the fathers of large families. M. Fran- cois-Marsal, Minister of Finance, has six children, and M. Isaac, Minister of Commerce, has eight. \\; !\