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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
November 26, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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November 26, 1943

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, NOVEMBER 26, 1943 THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY Of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas 309/s WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21, 1911, at the post offlea st Little Rock. Arkansas, under the Act of Congress of March 8, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: 82.00 the year OFFICIAL DsOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian Is the official arran of the Diocese of Little Rock and ! pray God that It may be an earnest champion of the cause of right, Justice nnd truth and nn ardent defender of the religion we all love so wa tt ! eutend to It my blessing with the ai;,cara hope that its career may be long and prosperous. J JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Reek. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. EEANY, Ph. D. BUSINES MANAGER All entmunlcatlons about The Guardian must be handled through tba Business Manager. and all matters intended for pbllcatlon should reach The Guardian of flee not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST Business and Editorial Office, 809  West 2nd, Telephone 6466 SPONSORS OF SERVICE Pkture Servlce---Kuihte of Columbus of Arkansas Little Rock Council. No. S12 22.00 P.nwonld Council. No. 1713 Fort Smith Council, No. 906 ................................... $22,00 Pocahontas Council No. 2443 ....................................... 17.00 Blytheville-Osccola Council', No. 2857 ..................... $12,00 Texarkana Council No. 2650 ............... Pine Bluff Council, No. 115S .......................................... 22.00 Stuttgart-Slovnctown Counctl, No. 2780 ....................... 12,00 Joneboro Council, No. 1702 ............. Helena Council, No. 1770 ................................................... 17.00 NOVEMBER 26, 1943 "If by liberty o! the press, wnderstand merely the liberty of discussing the propriety o[ public measures and political opinions, let us have as much ot it as you please; but if it means the liberty ot at- fronting, calumniating and detaining one another, I own myselt willing to part with my share of it when- ever our legislators shall please to alter the law; and shall cheerluIIy consent to exchange my liberty ot abusing others tor the privilege ot not being abused mvselt. --Franklin. .... BETWEEN'PRIESTAND NON-CATHOLIC Only God makes converts, of course, 'but He sometimes lets us help Him, and there's a big thrill connected that we've helped bring some soul into the Church. "Preach the Gospel to every creature," Christ said, and He meant that each of us was to do his bit. As laymen, your part is to bridge the gap between priest and non-Catholic. You can't imagine the awe in which the average non-Catholic holds a priest. It amounts almost to a fear.  It's a rare person who will walk into a rectory and ask for instructions just like that. And anything a priest may say in the way of persuasion to "cold" prospects is taken at less than half the value. "Of course he believes in the Catholic Church," they think.--"that's his business." But youyou catch the non-Catholic off-guard. He knows you are a Catholic, it's true. He watches you, just the same, on Fridays, to see what' you have in your sandwiches; he listens to your talk, whether it's decent or obscene; he knows what you dpink and how much.But he doesn't credit you with having any missionary zeal. Don't be shy at inviting questions on religion. Read up on the faith so you can answer them, but don't try to be Sir Oracle. Yom'e not expected to know as much as the Bishop. Keep a few pamphlets at home, so that you can always say: "Look, Joe, I've just the thing for you,--a little leaflet. I'll bring it with me tomorrow." Use all the powers of your personality to get your friends reading a connected explanation 'of our beliefs, say The Faith of Our Fathers, which can be had for very little at any Catholic bookshop, or at the office of any of our magazines or news- papers Invite your friends to church with you: Get them to praying, and you pray with them. Show them how blessed we are with our belief in purgatory and in the power of prayer. You can convert anyone if you love him enough. Promise him that you'll go with him, if it comes to seeing a priest. You'll break the ice for him and be there to put him at his ease. Pick out your convert now, and get to work on him. Don't take it too fast, but start praying, and keep after him. It may take years, but, believe me, it's well worth the trouble. THE "OLD CURMUDGEON" Harold L. lekes can be viewed only as a partisan of hate in his recent attack on two dLstinguished units of the Catholic Press. The hate campaign, to divide Jews from Christians, advocates of Truly American democracy from so-called "lib- erals" favoring a Marxist system, apologists of religious prin- ciples from followers of pagan philosophy--is more far-reach- ing and touches more high places than tle average person suspects. lckes signed the roster of hate-breeders when he malicious- ly denounced the Brooklyn "Tablet" and Bishop Beckman's Diocesan newspaper "The Witness" of Davenport in an ad- dress in Philadelphia for the Allied Jewish Appeal. He term- ed the two papers "pro-fascist publications," solely on the score that they had carried favorable news or editorial comment on the Sinarquist movement in Mexico. Slnarqulsmo, To what extent our paper has publicized ...... in dispatches from our Mexican correspondent, we do not pres- ently recall, What we do know, or at least presume with a great deal of assurance, is that Mr. lckes would not make an "IQ" of an eighth grade pupil in an ex-tem intelligence test on the Sinarquist tenets. His forte, and the misfortune of his audience, was to put over the impression that certain Catholic influences favor a Fascist philosophy, which in Europe has displayed itself as anti-Semitic. The lie would have been revealed if somebody had only asked the "Old Curmudgeon" (as he nicknamed him' self) to stick out his tongue. One of the more popular Jewish Columnists, George E. Sokolsky, hit the nail on the head when he wrote recently: "In the history of my people we have often suffered as grievously from our friends as from our enemies. The so-called friends, lacking philosophic breadth and being concerned principally with the financial increment of friendship, create and stimu- late enmities which in the end bring upon us catastrophics. Friendship should be based upon morals and love, not upon salaries (or votes) and the fomenting of hate.". Mr. Sokolsky has ably prettied up the old Irish adage "Lord save us from our friends." The "Old Curmudgeon", could be dismissed with the admonition to his Jewish audience t 0 apply the philosophy of the adage or the Sokolsky interpr e- tation. But the official position of Mr. lekes makes the case a little more serious. He needs expression of public resentment from Jews and Christians for sowing the seeds of dissension when America's welfare calls for unity, good will and wholehearted cooperation. A HAPPY TRAINING GROUND The family is not infrequently referred to as a world in miniature. The good-sized family is precisely that. Within it the child comes in contact with individuals of both sexes and of different ages. There too he comes to rub elbows, so to speak, with nearly every fundamental type of personality and character that he will eventually encounter in the great world beyond the confines of his home. It is of training in such a family that the lea, rned sociologist of the Catholic University of America, Monsignor John M. Cooper, writes the following significant lines: "The child learns to live with and adjust himself to his fellow human beings of diverse types and temperaments and learns it natuurally, simply and efficaciously, and from the cradle up. In this small democratic world of brothers and sis- ters, he learns self-reliance; he learns the give-and-take of life; he learns self-discipline and self-mastery; he learns fair play, for he is taught it in brushing shoulders with his peers who, al- though bound to him by the bond of blood affection, have abundant resources, albeit sometimes rough-and-ready ones, for obliging the recalcitrant to knuckle down to the demands of an elemental and stern justice. Self-reliance, self-control, charity, justice, team-work--alll These primary human qual- ities are, in a family of fair numbers, bred into the child's life by a vital method that makes our own reasoned-out tested technique of child training seem almost like a sorry make-shift, and that goes far to compensate for the common educational grouping and stumbling and erring of even the more intelligent and conscientious parents in that most complex and difficult of all human tasks, the moral training of children." Rev. Dr. Thomas R. Hanley, O.S.B., develops the same thought further as follows: "The formative influence of the good-sized family is thus of inestimatible value for children The indispensable moral and social assets of training in mutual aid, habits of coopera- tion, appreciation of the need and duty to subordinate self-in- terest to the requirements of the common life and welfare, democratic comradship together with a healthy respect for an authority that plays no favorites and is solicitous for all', ability to get along with others, willingness to make the compromises which community life involves are unconsciously and gradually instilled and fostered by the very process of growing up in such a family... " "In addition, in the good-sized family children are less pampered; their whims tend to be disregarded; they receive no unduly individual attention; their egocentric impulses are better checked. Their food is plainer, more wholesome. They learn to get along without luxuries, and to enjoy the simpler pleasures of life. Even their constitutions are generally sturdier. They alone, and this is a very important point, are fitted to appre- ciate and willing in their turn to have good.sized families of their own." The normal-sized family calls for sacrifice and self-denial on the part of the parents, and thereby helps towards their moral and social development. The small or arrested family of one of two children, on the contrary, makes for selfishness rather than for an unselfish.or social development. Much the same is true in the case of the child. Children in a small family run a very considerable risk of growing up spoiled and selfish. Children, on the other hand, who come from normal-sized families are by force of circumstances brought constantly into situations that demand a spirit of give and take, and of sacrifice of self, that have the highest value of a training factor in their lives. In many ways the passing of so many good-sized families is a very serious loss. And not the least of the ways in which it is a loss is found in the fact that their passing means that the great social and moral training values with respect to the child will go by the board. J JP QUESTION BOX Notice.Lit Is importan*, that all quentions ba signed with the sender's name and COMPLETE address (not Initlals): otherwise the questions will not he answered. No names are ever published. Questions which ask for private answer must be accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelope. We Invite only honest and worthwhile questions. Is It Possible For The Souls In Purgatory To Come Back To Earth? We cannot deny that the spirits of the dead may return to earth without repudiating the testimony of Holy Scripture. That an inter- cession may take place between the world of spirits and the world of men is plainly evident from the first to the last pages of the Bible. it begins with the appearance of the devil in Paradise, and concludes with the apparition of the Angel to St. John at Patmos. Also there is evidence of the apparitions of departed human souls. Judas Machabeus had in a dream a vision of two saints long departed, the high priest Onias and the prophet Jeremias, the latter handin him a golden sword for the holy com- I recently read that one of the great differences between the teaching of the Catholic Church bat, and the author of the book of Machabees calls this dream worthy of belief. At the trans- figuration of Christ on Tabor there appeared Moses and Elias; the three disciples Peter, James and John beheld them and heard them converse with the Lord. Why then, might not the souls in purga- tory, by divine permission or dis- position, appear to the living, be it to invoke their assistance or to bring them a divine warning con- cerning their salvation? But it is not Holy Writ alone that gives evidence of the possibility of a communication between the spirit world and that of men; we have for centuries Most credible wit- nesses to this fact, among them persons of high standing in the Church. Of these theologians say: "It is certain that the souls suf- fering in purgatory have appeared at times to the eyes of their friends and relations, with sad and troubled mien in order to im- plore their prayers and their in- tercession." St. Augustine terms it a "great impertinence" to de- clare such apparitious impossible, since so many proofs and so many men inspired by the spirit of God can be quoted for their actual oc- currence. So the possibility of an appearance of the souls in purga- tory cannot be denied. Whether or not each report of such com- munication is to be accepted as real, must be judged by the cir- cumstances of that report. Slttce God's will must be ful- filled and God wills the salvation of all men, how can any soul be lost eternally, thereby frustrating the ,Divine will in their regard? God wills some things absolute- ly and other things conditionally. The absolute will of God can never be frustrated. Tiros, all men must inevitably be judged according to their works: or again, after the fall of Adam, all men must die. To these laws there can be no exception. The conditional will of God depends upon the ac- tion of some free agent. Thus a man's salvation is certainly willed by God if that man does what is necessary to save his soul, but not otherwise. At the same time, even the lost soul cannot be said to frustrate the Die.erie purpose, for God's pow- er and justice are eternally mani- fested by every soul in Hell. What are the exact words used in the definition of the Immacu- late Conception? The original is, of course, in Latin, which may be translated as follows: "By vuthority of Our Lord Jesus Christ, and of the blessed Apostles Peter and Paul, we declare, pronounce and define the doctrine which holds that the Most Blessed Virgin Mary in the first instant of Her Conception by 'a singular grace and privilege of Almighty God, by virtue of the merits of Jesus Christ, the Savior of the human race, was preserved, exempt from all stain of original sin, to be revealed by God and therefore to be firmly believed by all the faithful." (Bull, Ineffabilis Deus, Dec. 8, 1854.) and the Reformers is that on orig- inal sin. I know that the Church teaches that we inherit a real sin from Adam. What is the teaching of the Reformers and how does it differ from that of the Church? The Reformers taught that we do not inherit a real sin from Adam but merely concupiscence or the inclination to sin. To say the least this teaching was a nov- elty which finds no support in the sacred writings or in the teachings of the early Fathers. As we have said, according to the Reformers original sin is identi- cal with concupiscence. But since concupiscence remains after Bap- tism, no real change of state is produced by Baptismits only ef- fect being that our sins are, as it were, covered over by the bap- tismal rite, and justice is imputed to us by God. But let any fol- lower of the Reformers open the New Testament and turn to the fifth chapter of St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans. In verses 12, 18, 19 he will find the Apostle de- scribing a state of real and verit- able sin inherited by the children of Adam. His words are: "As by one man sin entered into this world, and by sin death; and so death paased upon all men in whom all have sinned... There- fore, as by the offense of one, unto all men to condemnation, so also by the justice of one, unto all man to justification of life. For, as by the disobedience of one man, many were made sinners, so also by the obedience of one, many shall be made just." If all have sinned in one; if all have been un- der condemnation; if all have been made sinners by the sin of one man, there can be no question here of our being born merely into a state of concupiscence, but into a state of sinfulness; the more so as St. Paul contrasts the state produced by original sin with that of justice or moral and superna- tural goodness; but the opposite of moral goodness is moral baaness or sinfulness and not an invol- untary inclination to sin which is concupiscence. To settle an argument, will you please tell ns which has a larger Catholic population. New York or Illinois, and doesn't Chi- cago have more Catholics than New York? The state of New York is listed as having 3,144,503 Catholics, and Illinois 1,892,209. Two other states have more Catholics than Illinois--Pennsylvania and Mas- sachusetts. We do not have avail- able statistics for individual cities. We had a relative or ancestor who came from Ireland whose first name was Colman. We thought it might be a family name, but thought also it could be the name of a saint. Could you help US' There was an Irish saint by the name of St. Colman, born in 605 and died in 676. He was the founder of the Abbey and Diocese of Mayo, Ireland. He also served as Bishop of Lindisfarne, England, but went to Scotland later, and eventually returned to County May(,. Rural ,Catholic Committee of the South by Rev. Anthony LadaoarJ c. s. 8v. Improved Farming In It has to be admitted that farms of Arkansas have in recent years and much credit must be flaced belongs. The greatly responsible for the ment which has taken place; educational program which' introduced and the agents were placed in the field, desirable change. Farmers ..... now more enthusiastic about [lll farms. You can now go out'el most to any farm where the far],s and find a w 7 er owns his farm carried out, planned program re soon as his crops are harveS i cover crops and soil builderS Pr, put into the ground, fences .n: kept in repair, machinery ,ail cared for.,."ll implements are well t home, barn and other buildlP[ toUCh.JI_...L are improved, a magic bt smartness is apparent all arj In spite of the drouth we ?h had during the past year, of the farmers because Of h diversification, and care 0 1 land have been able to V | lhe orddal. I am still of opinion thai a who have farms after the ., over will be well off, and itil their advantage to have :; farms in the best possible  lion. There are many farrn., in Faulkner County that a good condition and well equitg Most of these farms have   herds of cattle; which is S  It asset. These farmers with , 1 in their fields will be ableAO  their land in condition Fer: r anal is hard to obtain pr0S for obtaining it after the wa.,i ' not very bright, for the ides" rt certain war plants might be ! tl, ed into fertilizer plants n  ready exploded. .,,,,, | I had the pleasure of visit_'.' t farm last week at St. Vi Arkansas, which is owneu : Berkemeyer. On this far found an immense pond whiCa just recently been made. t, r: brought water to a nice ce.--' water through in an adj0 field supplying the cattle water. The pond itself was f91 off so that the cattle woir.: muddy up the water. A fields were terraced and tll' were rotated. The feed_, which was purchased at ffe of $450 was placed in such a/: teen that the hog feed waSi in one compartment and tlie; feed in another. The barn Was filled with!;:mm hay and a good quantity o and corn, Apparent success . ed you on alnl ' sides. I glanCi I toward a eighboring far saw there two trench silo.',I.,,. with silage. On ever had any trouble wit  silage, I was informed to the-.,q up 'el h'ary. Silage is put ' a:: year on this farm and f the herd is available. Farms in Faulkner CoUll:, well as other counties i A sas are showing marked imPtx merit due to modern methoda,.u in farming. Arkansas w0uld';. prove appreciably in valUe'ri appearance if more people show real interest in their ' The satisfaction and haPP. that these farmers would a. themselves, would be su ffl recompense for the effort forth. . :  A Word to Parents  1 The tragedy of Amerle g is that the home is becote cidental at a time when it Is ,^: ed as never before ParentSf get that neither the" school ,dl world can reform the gw.'fo product of a bad home. Theatre get that their children are first re.oonsibility. No. 53 The Story Of The Bible In Pictures 'L_I00 and 13 , Then Joseph went in and told Pharao, saying: My father and brethren, their sheep and their herds, and all that they possess, are come out of the land of Chanaan: and behold they stay in the land of Gessen. Five men also the last of his brethren, he presented before the king: And he asked them: What is your occupation? They answered: We thy servants are shepherds, both we, and our fathers. We are come to sojourn in thy land, because there is no grass for the flocks of thy servants, the famine being very grievous in the land of Chanaan: and we pray hee to give orders that we thy servants may be In the land of Gessen. The king therefore said tc Jos- eph: Thy father and thy brethren are come to thee. The land of Egypt is be- fore thee: make them dwell in the best place, and give them the land of Gessem And if thou knowest that there are in- dustrious men among them, make them rulers over my cattle. After this Joseph brought in his father to the king, and presented him before him: and he bless- ed him. And being asked by him: How many are the days of the years of thy life? He answered: The days of my pil- grimage ere a hundred and thirty years, few, and evil, and they are not come up to the days of the pilgrimage of my fathers. And blessing the king, he went out. But Joseph gave a possession to his father and his brethren in Egypt, In the best place of the land, in Ramesses, as-Pharao had commanded. An(1 he nourished them, and all his fail r's house, allowing food to every one. r In the whole world there was Wiit of bread, and a famine had oppressed the land: more especially of Egypt IP aan. Out of which he gathered uP . rn which tBe the money for the co t,n.-g'S brought, and brought it Into the -t d ; treasure. And when the buyers w"a 4. ,i money, all Egypt came to Josepn, ''ie ! ing: Give us bread: why should we .' . in thy presence, having now no v;  And he answered them: Bring lnv-..d| cattle, and for them I will give you Zhy, if "ou have no money And when . .n ha brought them, he gave them fo:e'1 exchange for their horses, and sn, d and oxen, and asses: and he mal.,ttl, them that year for the exchange ot v-