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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
November 24, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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November 24, 1923

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2 GUARDIAN, NOV. 24, 1923 PubliJdd Weekly by YHE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION 8OCUgTY of the Diocese ef Little Rock 309 WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21, ltll, at the Istot at I.ittle Rock, Ark., under the Act of Congress of March g. 1|'/. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, $2.00 THE YEAR CHANGE OF ADDRESS When a change of address is desired the subscriber should |ire both the old and the new addre. CORRESPONDENCE Matter intended for publication in The Guardian should reach us uamt htcr than Wednesday moruins. Brief ncws correspondence is alway8 welcome. The kindness of the clergy in this matter is cordially appre- ciated. REV. GEO. II. McDERMOTT ................... Mamglnj ]litt All communic'-atious about "The Guardian" should be a4dresl[ ta the Rev. Geo. H. McDermott, 307 Wet econd trect. OFFICIAL APPROVAL The Guardian is the official organ o[ the Diocem of Little Rock, and [ pray God that it may be an earnest champion in the cause of right, lustice and truth and an ardent defender of the religiou which we all Love so well. i extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope tlmt its career may be long and prosperous. ] JOIIN B, MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock. NOVEMBER, 24, 1923 The Twenty-fourth Sunday after Pentecost. The last Sunday of the ecclesiastical year. O-0. It is best to stay at home in Germany, when the rates of railroad travel are raised to 8 cents a mile, first class and a little more than 4 cents a mile, second class. O-O A local preacher having "heaven" for his sub- ject, says there will be no M. Ds. or delltists in heaven. No doubt he meant well, but it is tough on the professions. -O-O Life seems a straight,journey with every day leaving our past life farther distant behind us. But we are moving and living in a circle. When death comes, and the whole road has been trav- elled, we shall have reached the point of our orig inal departure--and there we meet Jesus Christ the Judge of the living and the dead. O-O- Restriction of immigratian is an old question'; it was commenced by the original Americans, the Indians. The opinions of the "natives" were stoutly combatted by the immigrants, Spanish, French, English, Dutch and others. The ques- tion is still up for discussion, but not by the In- dians. 0-O It is asserted that Texas alone could support in luxury far more than the population of the United States, and with such immense territory as the United States is blessed with there should be welcome rather than hostility to immigration It was immigration that has made the United States the foremost country on earth, and all the men of whom the country is proud, whether their efforts lay in the arts of peace or war, were either immigrants or sons of immigrants. O-O- Obtaining all the heat units from fuel combus- tion, harnessing our streams and rivers, by-pro- ducing of matter from matter, seem to be of pres- ent-day science, but "St. Thomas Aquinas," says Dr. James J. Walsh, "knew and wrote of these basic principles five hundred years ago. Yet it inspiration from her communion is suffieientl proof of the real greatness of her religious teach-[' ings. Among her priests are those whose names[ have become synonymous with purity of life and] unselfish effor for the betterment of humanity Father Damien, Father Mathew, Father Junipero Serra, St. Francis of Assisi, Savonarola. Her countless institutions of learning, her manifold charities, the universality of her spiritual appeal, must awaken the admiration of all men. It must not be forgotten that at the altars the common people received their first traiinng i,n democracy. Prince and pauper, peasant and merchant, knelt together, equal before God. Tolerance knows that there are two sides to every question, and that a picture which shows only shadows is essentially false." O-O PURPOSE OF CATHOLIC SCHOOLS As in a nutshell, F. J. M. writing for Th Reco'd, (Louisville, Ky.) puts the very meat of the purpose of our Catholic schools, when he states that, in addition to the virtue of religion our schools develop and strengthen the other vir tues, supernatural and natural. The Catechism lessons give proof for the truths of faith ; the lives o the saints nurture the hope of eternal reward; the elf-sacrifice of' the teachers adds impetus to the charity implanted in baptism. The natural virtues are by no means neglected. Children arb, taught to be honest and truthful, not as the best policy, but as the fulfillment of the Seventh, Eighth and Tenth Commandments; to avoid pro- flu:dry and anger not merely as unbecoming to h.dies and gentlemen, but especially as contrary t,) the Second and Fifth Commandments: to re- vere purity not only as beautiful and tlOllorable, but particularly as binding, the obligations o1" the Sixth and Ninth Comamndments. They learn that virtue, far from being confined to words and deeds, has its roots in thoughts and desires. They are urged to fill the soul as well as the body with virtue, nay to react on the body through the soul. Thus the whole being of the young is impregnated with genuine Catholicity by the Catholic school." o-o- INTER-DENOMINATIONAL SPIRIrT A further step was made this week in the movement toward the organization of the clergy- men of Little Rock and North Little Rock, to work together for the common good of our citizens among the members, who, in turne, will work for the common good of our citizens and their people. As will be siin in the preamble of pur- poses, the organization will strive to unite on questions of the commonweal ar8/by the strength of this union endeavor to solve some of the jprplexities arising in a civic community, when, as it frequently hap- pens, and is now happening, that brother is against brother, neighbor against neighbor, and citizen against citizen, with the common good a victim of unprincipled bias and prejudice, by the very men upon whom the people lean for true leadership. . . If we may have a working organization of this kind, with our churchmen, of all denominations, earnestly cooperating along the limes of this pre- amble, this unity assures for Little Rock and North Little Rock a most promising future in the pursuit of civic prosperity and desirable tl'gppi- is the tendency of the age to scorn what the men hess. of the past did. In reality St. Thomas who rea- For the clergymen, it does not mean giving up soned to a conclusion was able to go farther than i anything of their respective beliefs, or anything the niodern scientists who admit of the? rights or prerogatives as religious lead- only what they states uneqmv find from experiment. Aquinas . " " ers. ihis is an outstalding charter point of the ocally his belief in the indestructibility of matter organization, that it be a union, based on the the conservatio of energy, and other so-called I American principles of true democracy as against modern scientific principles ....... the unhealthfulness of bias, prejudice and confu- o-o "" sion among this class of our citizens, who have We are being perennially told that educatior tit in their power, as clergymen, to make or break will bring about the perfection of the human race the civic hai)piaess in the name and by the force What kind of educatiea? I his question is pel'- lof seemingly' religious leadership. tinent in view of the highly-intellectual ladies' ymen in our communities especially, are and gentlemen who are devoting their time to ever held as directive leaders, because of the ab- thh the dissemination of birth control "science." Who would accuse those highbrows of "ignor- ance" that so glibly use the word "science" in heir immoral preaching? Where would those "intellectual" people be now if their ignorant parents had advanced so far in m immoral "science" as the "intellectuals" have? If education will save the human race, it muse be of a kind far different from that which is ad vocated by those who simply use the word with- out specification. It must be a religious educa- tion which imprints an the mind and heaI th knowledge of God; His justice nd His laws. Outside of such education all attempts to re. form mankind will end in failure. The wors men the world has produced were highly educat ed. ,.O-O A TRIBUTE TO THE CHURCH A late copy of The Bulletin of Los Angeles Con- sistory of the Scottish Rite cantains the following tribute: "In certain circles it is popular to de- nounce bitterly the Roman Catholic Church, and in the, condemnation forget her splendid achieve- ments and the consecrated service she has render- ed to humanity. The long roll of patriots, heroes and saintly souls who have drawn their spiritual sence of suspicion, inasmuch as they are never supposed to speak in a Pickwickian sense. Yet there are none, in the crld over, who resort to the Pickwickian more than the brethren of the cloth. True to the spirit of the following charter-pre- amble, the commonweal of our twin-cities will be certainly enhanced and advanced. The constitution: "The name of this organization shall be the In terdenominational Clergymen's Association ot Little Rock and North Little Rock. "All pastors of churches in Little Rock and North Little Rock and all clergymen in the sam vicinity engaged in pastoral work shall be eligible to membership in the association. "The officers of the association shall be a presi- dent, vice president, secretary and treasurer These shall constitute the Executive Committee of fhe Association. There shall also be a Pro- gram Committee of three, which shall be appoint- ed by the president. "The purposes of the organizatian are: "I. To promote a better understanding and a deeper sense of brotherhood among its members a feeling of comradeship in the service they are trying to render to God and their fellowmen. "2. To consider and discuss questions of, com- mon interest and importance to the members 'f association and to the public. th.,3.e To put the influence of the association and the organiaztions which are represented in it behind all movements that make for the common good. Such, for example, as the movement for better education, the enforcement of law, the fight against poverty and disease, the relief of suffering, the creation of a better understanding among men of different classes, races and creeds, the formation of an intelligen,t and high-minded[ public opinion, and other causes that appeal to all right-minded men, irrespective of race or creed. "4. Lastly, to cooperate in whatever way may be feasible with all organizations, secular or hu- manitarian, that are working for the public wel- fare. "ln an association of this kind two things are implied, but it may be well to state them explicit- ly, since without them such n organization could not exist : "First: Membership in the association does not imply on the part of any member, in the slightest degree, endorsement or approval of the views of other members. In this respect the association may be compared with a business, scientific, lit- erary or charitable organization. These exist for specific purposes and membership in them does', ot, compromise individual views, to say Secondly: It should be unnecessary that, at the meetings of the association, profes-I sional courtesy requires that no reflections be cast by any member upon the religious views of other members." o-o- THE SPIRIT OF OBEDIENCE During the late war, the "Army and Navy Journal offered its meed of praise to young lieu- tenant Leahy of Lowell, Mass., for an act of he- roism carried out in the spirit of obedience. Dur- ing a terrific charge on the lines of the enemy, and while the lieutenant was leading his men, he was suddenly struck by a shell on the side. In that moment he realized that he was to die, and as he was failing he supported himself for a mo- ment, just long enough to shout, as well as he could, to the second lieutenant: "Lieutenant Hanson, the command is "forward." Lead your mon." He then fell dead. It was on account of his faithfulness to orders that young Leahy was so gloriously lauded by the "Army and Navy Journal." In other words, it was because his last words were given in obedi- l ence to those above him that the paper gave him I,the honor it did. I ihe spirit of the world today is one of rebel- Ilion. It springs from irrational conceit', and the observer of modern te, ndency will perceive that this rebellious spirit is productive of evil results everywhere. We always find that opposition or indifference to legitimate authority never fails to end in disaster. Mostly all of the great captains of industry in our country are men who com- menced at the lowest rung of the ladder, an(Lfrom their earliest days were known to be docile nd obedient to those above them. Were it otherwise, they would not have gone very far; and so we find that the history of their lives proves that they had a sense of the value of obedience which was the foundation of their success. The world applauds the heroes of Balaclava. Why? For their useless dash into a murder zoneY No. It was because of the fact that they obeyed orders. In all phases of life we find that obedi- ence to authority is a safe, sane, and hcnorable spirit. Yet, the spirit of anarchy is spreading through the world alld doing the devil's work. "The tree is known by its fruit." The leaders bf the Russian movement were aid- ed in their ambition to be leaders by proclaiming that Sovietism would wipe out all authority. But, oh, what is the sight they have presented to us't Two millions of corpses of Russians, nearly half of them diseiples of their ow.n, but who happened to disagree a little with the murder tyrants who now rule Russia. They gave Russia nothing but a reign of terror, to which the French Revolution was but a mere insignificance. This Russian government, instead of bringing about all the fine blessings which it promised, brought the very op- posite curses, and this is according to the testi- mony of even Emma Goldman. When will people learn that a spirit of obedience to all lawful human instillations as well as divine, is founded on the law of God and human reason? that instead of being a slavish spirit, it is one of the most honorable and manly? D. =-O EDITORIAL BROADCASTS ENGLISH VIEW OF KLAN TheMnchester Guardian in a recent issue pub- lished n editorial on "The Mask in America," in which the opinion was expressed that the Ku Klux Klan is a national issue in the United States and one with which all citizens would do well to be concerned. Referring to atrocitieg and condi- tions of disorder in Oklahoma culmihating in the open fight between Governor Walton and the Klan, the Gaurdian's editorial concludes as fol- lows: 'This dangerous and treasonable almost a national force in America. It therefore, have ben better had the suppressing it come from some older central State than Oklahoma. For the end it will have to be, and the lowed to flourish the deeper will stretched and the more bitter will be By regarding it leniently many are playing with the most dangerous kind that can break out in a civilized society. can come of giving a mob a mask and ] up as a dictator of what is and is not' cent Americanism.' "This, of course, is plain to many cans, but so far they have not had the . require. The decent opinion which Klan should find a more powerful than it has so far njoyed, and it should pressed in official action. Because strewn with the wreckage which such have caused, one "feels that the Klan thing to be left to Oklahoma. A gret cannot afford to incliude within empire." N. C. N. C. A SCATHING REBUKE A manifesto in large letters, signed dinal Vicar, has been placed at the the churches in the City of Rome. The exhorts women to Christian modesty ence for the house of God. It reads: must enter the house of God covered ndl the neck bared. Immodesty in dress, everywhere blameworthy, offends the the temple, excludes from the scandalizes the faithful, and provokes the chastisements of God." What a the women of our day, but alas, that of Clristian modesty, woman's chief and richest jewel ,should make it There is need for such a manifestO American city. Catholic Register and Extension. QUESTION, Rev. John J. "BAPTISM FOR THE DEAD": Rev. John J. Laux Q. Ln the First Epistle to the (xv,29) St. Paul speaks of baptism "What shall they do," he asks, for the dead, if the dead arise not why are they baptised for them? words mean ? Do they prove the gatoy, and that the souls of the fai are aided by the suffrages of the A. The meaning of this curious text, was no doubt, perfectly clear to ans, but to all modern interpreters; most learned of the Fathers and Church they are a puzzle. We can to  on two of the attempted explanations; found most favor. If we take the words in their vious sense, they mean that there among the Christians of St. mitred to some sort of baptism for friends who had died unbaptised. St. from this custom when discussing tion of the dead without praising "-If'this custom was a really h other words, if those who believed that the lead who died could receive the effects of bapt.isr ing person caused himself to be stead, thn St. Paul would certain]] buked it. Consequently it must hve symbolical rite similar to ba symbolical baptism the Christians to indicate that the departed person the desire of becoming a Christian, revented by sudden death from purpose.. Having received the he would have died in the Church and be deserving of the faithful. Later an, as we learn from this custom was perverted into a tious practice by two sects of the Corinthians and the Marcionites' Another explanation is given bY preters. According to them the must be taken metaphorically as fliction and suffering for the taphorical sense baptism is used bY. Himself in reference to His (Mark x, 38; Luke xii, 50). But tses the word baptism in this sense in his writings, so it is, to say the likely that he attaches this Whatever explanation we understand baptism literally or the passage, as it stands, seems to Corinthian Christians believed of the departed souls required could give it to them.