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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
November 23, 1945     Arkansas Catholic
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November 23, 1945

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PAGE EIGff Churchmen Propose 'Pattern For Peace' / In San Anfonio San Antonio, Tex. 00--To help bring about "peace with justice" in the domestic sphere more than 100 churchmen of this city--Ca- tholics r Protestants and Jews--- "QUl VNE?" (Confinped from rage I) missioner, Ralph B. ones, there is still a very definite leacher short- age in Arkansas. It is estimated that there are a thOUsand unfilled positions. A similar situation ob- tains in mny other states. It was thought that the end of the war would bring many teachers back from the service and from the war Jobs to seek their old positions in the schools, but this has not hap- pened. Tim people of this great nation have constantly boasted about the educational advantages that are available here. The op- portunities have been unusual, but why the people boast about fur- nishing them is rather mysterious. The miserable salaries that have been paid to teachers in most lo- calities would seem to indicate that any educational opportunities that exist must be accredited to the self-sacrificing spirit of tbe teachers. They have been most tmsellish. Industrial workers have been loud in their demands for higher wages aud they have been receiving good wages in most cases, but the teachers have done their work quietly and their re- quests for more money have been few and then there wer no threats of any stoppage in the work of the schools. Very often the teachers hve had to wait for months for the pittance that they receive.. Amid all this rank in- justice, the teachers have scri- llced and the people have boasted of the great American system of education. Instead of increasing the salaries of the teachers, mmd- cipalities and Associations have increased their burdens, They have demanded more and more college and university work for less and hms pay, speaking in the sense of the lower purchasing power of the dollar. The teach- ers have to attelid summer schools ald pay for more education, which has little or no practical value to them and at the same time they are unable to add to their meager salaries by working for pay during the vacation, period. This used to be a help. It is time for the tax payers to realize that they will have to pay better sal- aries to their public school teach- ers if they want to keep them. Everyone expeM to pay higher prieea for clothing, for honsig, for transportation and they even expect to psy more Io the church, but they expect to hire teachers at the same starvation wages that they paid in the horse and buggy days. This can't go on. The modern school teachers are im- bued with modern Ideas. The old fashioned teachers were satisfied to take most of their pay in the satisfaction that all artists feel when they produce fine work. The modern degree holders want some quid, pro quo. It is not news to report that the vast mJority of students in our hfgh schools and colleges, at the present time, have very little interest in the study of Latin and Greek. These lauguages are not only dead, but they are buried un- der an avalanche of futile sub- Jects that are suited to shallow minds and. lazy dispositions. A desultory study of Latin still sur- vives in some high schools, but it has little depth to it and the stu- dent is usually aided in his trans- lations by a representative from the house of Hinds and Noble. Syntax is just another strange animal that escaped from some see. And yet no one can become a good English scholar without a fair knowledge of Latin and Greek. The English language is full of words that have their root origin in these dead languages. An acquaintance with one Latin or Greek root will make hundreds of English derivatives uuderstand- able. No one can read the Eng- lish classics with any pleasure or profit without some knowledge of the Latin and Greek languages. In spite of these facts many su- perficial educators will tell pupils that these dead languages have no practical value unless one is going to take up law, medicine or the ministry. Besides the prac- tical value that these languages have for one who wants to master have signed a seven-point "Pat- tern for Peace and Progress' em- bodying principles that can be ap- plied to particular questions or disputes. In a statement presenting the "pattern" to the citizens of the community, the signers declare themselves ready to meet with the interested parties in ,cent labor disputes and to hear their respec- tive sides of the argument, not for adjudication but for recommenda- tions toward solution. "Our recommendations would bind no one to compliance," the statement explains, "they Would possess the force merely of a well- considered, prayerful and, we hope, informed judgment on our part as representat/ves of religion in the community." It is hoped that, in time, a local "mediation board" might be developed, with membership drawn from labor business as well as from the clergy and other public representatives. Recognition of the inherent dig- nity of every human being as a creature o God is the basis of sound community life, the "Pat- tern for Peace and Progress," points out, establishing the follow- ing minimal rights: (I) fair edu- cational opportunities for youth. (2) opportunuity to marry and raise a family according to decent American standards, (3) such freedom of expression and associa- tion as shall enable the individual to share intelligently in the direc- tion of his own life. "Practical exercises of these rights," the 'Pattern' exvlains, "supposes for the vast majority employment at adequate wages and a voice in determining condi- tions of employment. Where con- siderab]e numbers are grouped in the same employment this voice 'can be heard effectively only through their freely chosen rep- resentatives. "Enjoyment of these rights im- poses upon the employee a cor- responding obligation to supply an 'honest day's work for a fa/r day's pay' and to work whole- heartedly for the welfare of the company in which he is employed. "Waste of material and human resources due to unemployment, work stoppages, depressed living or working conditions, group con- fliers, or any other form or social adjustment is the concern of every member of the community, above all of its religious forces," the "Pattern '* concludes. The statement of principles grew out of conferences between the key. John M. Hayes of the Priests' Social Action Committee, Bishop Everett H. Jones of the Episcopalian Church, and Dr. P. D. Miller, president of the San An- tonic Ministerial Association, lat- er joined by Rabbis William Sa- jowitz and David Tamarkin. They met after idle employees during a dispute between San Antonio publishers and printers had ap- proached religious leaders, asking what they might do in bringing about "peace with justice." The three clergymen agreed that the most useful first step would be a platform of principles which all churchmen of the city could endorse.' About 60 priests and 35 ministers have already signed the resulting seven-point statement, which has now been submitted to the general public for consideration and endorsement. CHALL00 (Continued from page I) lief work to prevent the death by starvation of millions in War-torn lands. "It is imperative that Con- gress make adequate appropria- tions for this work from the pub- lic treasury," the statement said adding that "it is equally impera- (ire that private relief agencies be given a full opportunity to car- ry on their beneficient work among all suffering peoples." Military Conscription The text of resolution adopted by the Bishops at their annual meeting expressing concern over military conscription follows: "We recognize the imperative need of preparedness for the ade- quate defense of our country in all circumstances. "In determining what constit- utes national defense in our pres- ent circumstances,' our Govern- meat, we feel, should explore the possibility of having military con- scription abolished in all coun- tries, and, to that end, might well consider how our control of econo- English, their value In develop- mic assistance to other countries tag the intellect is inestimable, may be used to lend weight to our Since the study of Latin and plea for such abolition. Greek has declined in the schools, i "If a wide extension of military the English course has become training is found necessary for very anemic. How can the pupils present adequate defense of our study English without the proper nation, we feel that such training preparation. The conversation of should be in keeping with Ameri- the average school BOy and girl is lean traditions, and that, speci- a shallow concoction of slang in- I fically: , terspersed with wise cracks, which ",Voluntary enlistments in the speak the emptiness of the minds armed forces should be stimulated that make use of them. Wise as much as possible: to provide our cracks may be all right In their place, but there is no place for them among intelligent people ex- cept on very rare occasions and then with apology. Psychollgisls tell us that wise cracks do not come from the wise and the intel- ligent, but they are a defense me- chanism used by persons who are Ignorant and want to impress. Of course they do not impress people who are cultured and who are well educated. Modern vocabularies are certainly in a bad state of de- eline when the conversations are confined for the most part to O.K., nd O-Kee-Doak. Such expres- sions may have their place in bmness but not in refined con- verntion. first line of defense; I "2. Any period of enforced training should be integrated with normal school life; and, "3. The War and Navy Depart- ment should work with recognized moral leadership to correct cer- tain policies and attitudes which have wrought grave moral dam- age to great numbers of young people in the armed services dur- ing past five vAr." Seamen Hostel Planned London. 00--A $200,000 hostel for merchant seamen in Liver- pool is being planned by the Apostleship of the Sea to replace the present inadequate club, it has been announced. .:. ,. .: .L THE GUARDIAN, NOVEMBER 23, 1945 I .. :- , I i H II A CHAPEL BOAT SERVES JUNGLE MISSIONS )f'rhe Maryknoll Chapel Boat makes a landing on the shores of the Ben[ River in Northern BoliVia. piesel-powered, and with shallow draft built especially for Jungle travel the boat was brought from tthe United States via the Amazon River and Brazil. It is piloted by Brother Gonzaga Chilutti (rear) of Philadelphia. In the picture, Bishop Alonso Escalante, M. M. of New York, Superior of the Mls- non-profit national organiza- ditorium; to buy ad tion, o.oerated by non-political, hospital beds, badIp By "Are You Going My Sock Polio." Says Bing Cr, "------- "Are you going my way--all of men and women frol !Truman ha the way in this fight? Thanks! walks of life, giving  it national he I knew you would! Let's sock their time without col }Ongress. Th, tll it soclaliz polio!" tion. With these words, Bing Cros- The Foundation at e, who faro lot. In his a by, film actor and National neapolis was founded i Ignm of social Chairman of the 1945 Appeal of Sister Elizabeth Kez tl, the Presi for Sister Elizabeth Kenny Australian Nurse, Woz tory note wit Foundation, pleads for support No. 1 Veteran who evo] Bgram. Accor, of the 1945 Campaign to secure world-famed treatmenL Pill be able t funds to battle infantile par- fantile Paralysis while octors and do alysis, as a community nurse :refuse or t Mr. E. Ray Scott is the state isolated district of At Itospltals will director in Arkansas for this bush country. affairs. Hey campaign to support the Sister Few persons know tl that are em Kenny Foundation, devoted to ter Kenny, in more than tion "federal al the conquest of poliomyelitis, years, has accepted n of more San the "Great Crippler". The or fees for her work. It seem U dedicated her life to private insu drive began yesterday. Fifty victims of Infantile Par business in t percent of all funds raised by state and local committees re- happy useful lives. At the people ha main in local communities to stitute in Minneapol  to provid aid local medical and health au- teaches registered nurse  the various thorities and to establish local come expert Kenny tech that are esse: Elizabeth Kenny Clinics. Funds collected in th is alwa will be used in many v and m The balance of the contribu- defray the cost of treati] tions are used in operating the child by the advanced cordan the Sister Elizabeth Kenny Instit- method or of moving upon w nation ' ute at Minneapolis which serves the Institute from some the entire nation, Canada, state; to cover a scholar to plac, Mexico and fourteen other for- a qualified registered nU sibUity eign lands without regard to wishes to:become an the in race, color, creed and religious 'Kenny Technician; to rather affiliation, the out-grown buildin have The Kenny Foundation is a dormitories and a lec hal go shoulde htor these l 'gl0n, directs the landing operations while the Rev. John Gallagher, M. M. of San Francisco (hidden non-sectarian Board of Direct- therapeutic equipment  erprise has n .beneath the helmet) helps the boys pull the boat to shore. (NC Photos) ors of national scope consisting plies for student techni |on and one J I  ilS. Durin EXTENSION ty At --C th country ha Thir Nine Poles Grateful For ..... - Cardinal Offmlates (Continued h'om page 1) And Bishop's Effort '' I1" ' PTA]IC HI" l'twad scia I ' rew's At Funeral of Lomse T S; that every ti= OD e authoritie Most Rev. Hugh C. Boyle of Pitts- To Free Poland O es, instead , h,,reh, Pa.; Most Rev. John B. el b rexel Morre Morris of Little Rock, Ark., and Mothers' u Glascow (E)--Poles will ever ap- Torresdale, Pa. (E)--His Emin- lnPtt rzr 2 :to seek aid.. the Iounder of the Society,. Most preciate the efforts of the Hier- ence Dennis Cardinal Dougherty, .-., -vo ,i aerease its rot Rev. Francis C. Kelley, Bishop of Little Rock.--At the November archies of America, England and Archbishop of Philadelphia, pont(- Little Rock. -- Cathl tdmlnlstration Oklahoma and his Most Reverend meeting of St. Andrew's Mothers' Canada to dissuade their Govern- ficated at the Solemn Mass of PTA will sponsor a t a: ear to th assistant almost from the bein- Club held Thursday afternoon, ments from the policy which be- Requiem for Mrs. Louise Drexel the benefit of the carl become l ning of the Society, Bishop Era- November 15, in the school cafe- frayed Poland into Soviet hands, Morrell at St. Michael's Memorial Athletic Association on the exceptlo] teria, thirty-nine members and John J. Campbell, secretary of the Chapel, Shrine of the True Cross, 3 at 8:15 p.m., in St. expect the manuelchristi, Tex.B" Ledvina of Corpus key. H. J. Chinery were present. Scottish Committee for Polish which Mrs. Morrell had elected Hall. Prizes will be th to provide e ColonelKenneth G. Stack, form- Mrs. H. B. Rainey, president, an- Freedom, told an audience at here in memory of her parents those awarded at the re , hospttallzat erly Chancellor of the Diocese of nounced VIrs. T. M. Savary had Barra in the Hebrides near here. and husband, nesday Bingo parties, compensatlo San Diego, Calif., and for the last been named chairman of the The fate of Poland is now over- VChere d four years in the service of the Thanksgivitg Day Food Shower shadowed by the possibility of a As a lifelong member of the Johnston is chairman Army which he leaves with the for the Sitcrs and the dinner for greater tragedy Mr. Campbell said, Third Order of St. Francis, Mrs. ROCkchairmanand forMrS'NorthSteveLit: ltfrmcomes to defsf rank of Colonel, wa's appointed the school children. The date was for the forces which have partly Morrell was privileged to be re imposed ! Associate EdRor and Circulation set for November 28th. This ac- destroyed Christianity in Poland buried in the Franciscan Tertiary The meeting of the he people ca Manager of Extension Magazine, tivity is sponsored by the second have now turned against the habit,chapel.inAuxiliarythe cryptBihsopbeneathHughtheL, vemberheld in the12 withSChlMrs.librau. *visions under to assist the key. Joseph B. Lux, grade mothers and ten women Church in other countries of Eu- Lamb of Philadelphia presided at presiding. Mrs. Boyd 4, why can Director of the Magazine, after this volunteered to help with prepara- rope. - a under prlva the burial ceremony. Mrs Mor- was elected president, aintain more meeting, tion. Answering charges that Poles rell, who was 81 at her death, was nard Heinze, secretary I'et? They All the officers of the SocietY" Mrs. Francis Jackson gave a persecuted Jews, Mr. Campbell the sister of Mother Mary Kath- urer, and Mrs. Edwar i There is no were re-elected for the coming report on the Christmas card sale. said that hundreds of priests, erine Drexel, foundress of the Sis- publicity Chairman. K .dcr auy obli! year: She asked mothers to take extra In uns and others in Poland had ters of the Blessed Sacrament for sots for the year are:: tration. He boxes and help make this sale a paid with their lives for shielding Indians and Colored people. Martin, Senior Class;  t are the ser Rev. Joseph B. Lux, Vice-Presi- great success, their Jewis compatriots from nazi dent and Managing Director of  A. Do(g, Junion Class; ! Extension Magazine Some of the mothers agreed to :persecution. Pontiff Imparts Blessing Snider, Sophomore C ta a democra uch fedora meet on the school grounds Sat- New Haven, Conn. 0 --His Mrs. Edward Guinea,  the w Rev. Richard R. St. John, Vice- urday morning, and the weather to cooperate and encourage the Holiness Pope Plus XII, in a rues- class. President and General Secretary being favorable, they would paint I children to complete all nightly sage to Judge John E. Swift, new- Future meetings will I to many Iti governmez Mr. Charles C. Kerwin, Vice- the new benches which have been ass/gnments. He said the teacher ly elected Supreme Knight of the ]the second Monday of  lay a large President and Treasurer installed on the grounds. Mrs. can instruct the pupil but the Knights of Columbus, invokes the jar 2:30 p.m., it was anl tt / PHee to key. Thomas J. Reed, Secretary Butler donated the green paint. I child himself, must grasp the idea guidance Of the Holy Spirit upon tt this is ds to the President Yr. Chinery gave a short talk and he is helped by quiet study in the new officers and imparts the [bers of the Knights of , social see Mr. James,F. Burns, General qn homework sad nkod mth h, h, Apostolic Benediction to all men- land their families. aterial good Counsel freedom fo] -: : 0 kweet nor CWV Protests 00ble as to l e price of Laski's Address DUR TIME CLOCK MEASURES w."., rnalism. 1 Scheduled Soon , the00.lv00 New York. 0In a telegram to .- Secretary of State James F. ' the fact ByTnes, the Catholic War Vet- erans' national headquarters here d to 'con against the scheduled ad- Servant  g for the dress of Harold J. Laski, chairman  n, it is ral of the British Labor Party, to be the Amet given at a dinner here on Decem- nlversity ber 3. A recent address by Mr. r a permane Laski at a "Spanish Refugee Ap- r the Women peal" meeting at Madison Square Hours! ' the Women Garden attacked the Vatican and " It has bee the Catholic Church in Spain. e, who are ( rion, that The address caused a wave of protest throughout the country, the servic the moral In its telegram to Mr. Byrnes the CWV ask: "Does the State De- and wo partment concur in Mr. Laski's l pronds insults and his brazen attack on by thos only Into America's foreign policy?" "If  the sp not," the message reads, "we urge The m you cancel his entry permission." has been t and New York. (E)Matthew F. no cool Kennedy, chairman of the Cath- / tire, , it's Four am|l|ar electric meter , nut olic Affairs Committee of the ,', and the technical name Knights of Columbus,, has issued we have a statement critizing the forth- or all the things it does is "kilowatt-hour measurement." But what existence coming visit of Harold J. Laski to t ' eliminate this country, actually does means more than that one phrase expresses, brings. attend Referring to Mr. Laski's much It h publicized radio address "at a red  means that dependable electric power is on duty 24 hours a day ... fact t] meeting in which he attacked the nation Catholic Church," Mr. Kennedy ,a|tlng . . . watching . . . working. Electricity is behind every con- of its worn declared: "Laski has demonstrated ','venlent outlet, behind every switch. It works constantly, all day and all at he does not speak for his own high. W, people or even leaders of the La- bor Party. He is a mouthpiece for }nlght. It turns your electric refrigerator on and off without you ever if we a] harmon. Stalin and undoubtedly intends to  aavinl to touch it I -  the star influence American policy to give sure lot Durl Russia _______the secret of the atomic [YOU would have to pay a human servant a tremendous'salary every weel famille bmb"lC*ii:l''Fr I ,'O get the things electrieitF does SO cheaply, Electric SERVANT UnderEven maun ''IOURS cost you only for those you use---but electric power Is always . .Planned / Jk t injurious Accepts Post With  In your home--waiting--to be ready the minute you need It. Would any r family. H 'Y Separated, War Veterans .an servant do that? Jt away fro tt"  abnormal Washington 00The Roy Jos-  ' Us and des eph T. O'Callahan, S.J., chaplain And think of the variety of services electricitF of the aircraft carrier Franklin, offers| They run the whole scale of human desires ',ty in thirt has accepted the post of National _ cities she Chaplain of American Veterans of --health, comfort and convanience---24 hours a day-- a months World War II, it has been an-  one dive nounced at national headquarters from radio's relaxing hours to the saving of human rrlages r here. ; bgave the Father . O'Callahan, who as a lives ! redicted | Navy chaplain holds the rank of ages we, lieutenant commander, is now , :Ctlly since chaplain of the aircraft carrier .... Franklin D. Roosevelt. He gave  host of th nt. leans a the invocation when the ship was f_en homes commissioned by President Tru- . and delia '" tlraging a man on Navy Day last. month, r "' C"MP-NYu00  One oftheoutstandingheroesof ARKANSAS POWER , AI6HT ' wome the war, Father O Callahan was widely hailed when the story of :., the int the Franklin was revealed. ' i][ttn should American Veterans of World I tX lead th, War IT was established late in 1944 "1 t back t 'IN" atlonal, through amalgamation of twelve  El.P|  G  U [ t D ARK   A  tVen, fun( local veteran's organizations in ' cities from coast to coast. The t_. of first national convention was held ;,,mg of 1 in Chicago last month. L', - e page I