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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
November 23, 1945     Arkansas Catholic
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November 23, 1945

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pAc&apos;. FOL THE GUARDIAN OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE CATHOLIC DIOC.SE OF UTTL/Z PUBLISI'LF.D WEEKLY By TILE GUARDIAN PRESS, 093/s WEST SECOND STREET Sutured as second*class matter March el, 1911, K the pout oioe M Little Reek, Arkansas, under the Act of Consrosa of Mdrch 8, 1870 SUBSCRIPTION PRICE- $1.O0 the r,r OFFICIAL DvOCE3AN ORGAN T Guardion Is tho offlc/al uriah of tl Diosasa of IAttlo bcJt and I psay God that it my be an earuost champion of the canes of right, |taatioe lusd .truth and an ardent defender of the rsiision we alJ lave 8o well. I extend to it my blesahsS with tho gthscero holm that Its 4roer  be ion s 8rid prooperous. JOHN B. MORRI Bishop of I.Jttlo Rock. EDITOR VERY KEV. MONBIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY. Ph. D. MANAGING EDITOR  BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about The Guardian, business and editor/a/, should bs handled throughm VERY HEY. MSGR. THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST 309z,/s West 2ud Street. Telephone 5486 All articles and news items intended for publication should reach The Guardian office not later than Monday at noon. Silaturs of party sub- mlttlnl copy for publication is eceeeary in ale Instances. SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture Serve---KnilJte of Columbus of Arkansas Little Rock CounCil, No. gl2 for 1945-46 $22.00 Paragould Council. No. 17111 Fort Smith Coincll. No. 996 pocahontas Councll NO. 244S Texarkana Council 14o. 250 for 1945.46 ......... $1700 Stuttiort-Slovnctown Council. No. 2780 for 1945-4S $12.00 Jonesboro Council. No 1"/02 Helena Council No. 1770 Pine Bluff Council' No. 1-15| Blytheviile-Oeceols Council 1'4o. 28'57 for 1945-42 $12.00 "It by liberty ot the press, we understand merel the liberty ot discussing the pzopriety ot publi measures and political opinions, let us have as mucZ ot it as you please; but il it means the liberty ot at. [renting, calumniating and detaining one another, 1 own mysel! willing to part with my share Ot it when ever our legislators shah please to alter the law; ar shallcheeriully consent to exchange my.liberty m abusing others for the privilege o[ not beirg abuse myselI."Franklin. v'- NOVEMBER 23, 1945 m Rural Life Editorial NATIONAL CATHOLIC RURAL LIFE CONFERENCE 3801 Grand Avenue,  Des Moines 12, Iowa THE CULTURED CATHOLIC ON THE LAND It is very distressing to the rural pastor and leaders in Catholic Rural Life to see so few college graduates establish themselves on the land. We have always taught that the land offered the best possible environment in which a Catholic can live the kind of life that his Catholic education teaches him to value. EDUCATIONAL VALUES In the scale of educational values, emphasis must Be placed on the family. But the country offers the best oppor- tunity in the world of today for building a real family life. There, husband, wife 'and children age working cooperatively at the same enterprise in the same place. There is companion- ship and close association creating a firm family bond. All of this, of course, forms the best possible foundation upon which to build both a natural and supernatural family life. The family which works together as a unit does not find it difficult to pray together. Surely this is the type of family every edu- cated Catholic boy and girl desires. College men and women are especially fitted for work which combines physical and mental activity. The whole man has a part in farm work. The mind plans and conceives ideas, whilt the physical man carries them out. Man comes very close to the Creator when he is work- ing close to nature. He is dealing with God's own earth, al- ways fresh and delightful because it is not spoiled by human hands, nor has it been turned away from the Creator through disobedience. Bbcause of these oppoftuni$ies to give expression to the whole man, life on the land ought to have a special attraction to the educated and cultured Catholic. REAL VS. ARTIFICIAL CULTURE If euhure consists not only in appreciation but in actual creation of something by the free use of the intellect, then we wonder why more college men and women are not settling on the land. Can it be that the industrial gospel has so taken' over education that all sense of values is warped? Evidence pints more and more to the fact that our educational institu- tions both Catholic and others aim at a point of view which is essentially urban. Most educators have accepted without question the ideals and standards of the city and its way of living. With such un-Christian attitudes of mind, it is evi- dent that our idea of culture will have to be revised if we are effectually to keep college people on the land. Education for future should mean the providing of an en- vlronment in which man can best express his spiritual and physical self through constant creative activity. This type of culture stresses the importance of the MAN in relation to his ennvironment. It has nothing to do with the accidentals of farm life that often are repulsive to our so-called cultural and college people. Culture is more than a veneer. It is something real which keeps its dignity through the mud of the barnyards and the simple comforts of rural living. Ma- terial refinements in no sense of the word are a necessary part of culture. Nor is physical work beneath the dignity of the cultured person. T.e carpenter shop of Nazareth was a flat denial of such a conception of cuhure.c-Rev. Joseph V. Urbain. SOUND THINKING NEEDED In a Labor Day speech in Chicago, Bishop Haas said: "'Let us not minimize this point. There is no ned to tall: about cooperation, joint action and working together in in- dustry for a common purpose--to say nothing of building permanent economic society that will enable business men as well as wa'ge earners to live Christian livesunless employer regard the right of workers to organize democratically, and THE GUARDIAN, NOVEMBER 2:3, 1945 to deal collectively through their own reprentatives as 'finh- ed business .'" These words are worth considering, especially now, since the newspapers are reporting strikes in every part of the coun- try. It seems to us that labor has a right to insist on a con- tinuing high level of. wages if we are not to face another ser- ious depression. The millions of workers a're also millions of consumers The less money that goes into the pay envelope the less production we will have. Management must be satisfied with profits that allow fair wages to tile worker. At the same time the worker must be interested in the welfare of management and do an honest day'sfwork to the best of his ability for the wage that he re- ceives. He has no right to "stall" on the job. Certainly there will be no peace and no surcease from strikes until labor and industry led by confident, sincere and unselfish men who are true leaders and not leaders in name only, are willing to consider seriously the picture as a whole and not as it affects them personally.The Messenger. PEACE ON OUR KNEES During the long, tragic and anxiety-crowded months of the war just ended, many Catholics were frequent attendants at daily Mass and Communion. Who will doubt that their prayers and their devotions, together with those of millions of others, have not brought about the sudden end of the war by Almighty God, instead of its long and bloody continuation If such united prayer has risen for the end of the con- flict, it should by all means continue, with the daily Mass and frequent Communions and many other devotions, for the achievement of a sound and lasting peace. God wants us to ask Him for what we need and what we want. If we do want such a peace, let us ask for it, on our knees as we asked for the cessation of the bloody conflict. " No prayer is ever lost, and God will grant us and our nation and the world something for it. Confraternity Of Christian Doctrine By Rev. James W. Nugent, S.T.L. Diocesan Director ...... . ............ , .,. Q UESTION BOX Not/---lt is important that nU qstions be elnod lth tl endmr's name and OOMPLETE addres,\\;(not ioltlalJ): otherwise the questions will out be answered. No namu are everpubUehsd. Questions which uk private answer must be accompaniedby a selgoaddNoesd, stamped evolop6. We Invite only honest and worthwhile questions. launch a crusade of prayer to ob- tain the consecration of the Unit- ed States to the Immaculate Heart of Mary by the American hierachy during the coming centennial year. The vigil group in spreading de- votion to their patroness has tried to make her requests at Fatima for bringing peace to the world known in a special way. During the first year of the vigils, em- phasis was placed on the general story of the apparition and their connection with World War II; during the second year, emphasis was on the daily Rosary; the third year, on the devotion of the Five First Saturdays; the current year will be devoted to the working for the national consecration to the Immaculate Heart of Mary by the American hierarchy first, for the fulfillment of Our Lady's expres- sed wishes at Fatima for univer- sal consecration for the further- ance of the Holy Father, Pope Plus XII's evident desire when he made the dual consecration of the world and of his diocese of Rome, in 1942; then lastly, the fittingness of consecrating our country to the Immaculate Heart on the 100th anniversary of the dedication to the Immaculate Conception. Are There Any Shrines Honoring Our Lady Of Fatima In The U. S.? There is a shrine to Our Lady of Fatima at the convent of the cloistered Dominican Sisters at Milwaukee. From this center one can obtain literature on this devotion to Our Lady. A news release describes some of the work these sisters have been fostering in the past several years, as follows: On May 13, over 1,500 lay persons gathered during a 24-hour vigil at the Shrine of Our Lady of Fatima, at the convent of the cloistered Dominican Sisters, to a worthy reception of the Holy How do you explain the dif- ference in the races and colors among men if all are descended from the first man and women? The Church teaches that the hu man race as a unit descended from Adam and Eve, Study has not revealed tile origin of races and SHOULDER TO SHOULDER , the various colors found among ,, ............... linen We know that this must uemus may nge to wor: atone, out most o us prezer me lhav e been be,un after the Delu-e shoulder to shoulder action; we prefer to work together. Father I sinc e the h rn  - . s U all race was aestroy Carroll was thinking aloud as he looked to John and Mary BoRon. ed with the ea!cetonx fal" There was a plea in his eyes 1 . , of the - " ,, y oz roah Men have descended John, turning to his wife, spoke up, You know how she s--at Ifr o ;. , , m .... nlS mree sons eln, 'tnam Mass every molnmg--, and as for me, I m so busy It lsn t that ................. see, ................... Father. Rather--to'"''oe tram"? must. work" shoulder to .shoulder dicates ,that the difference, in races I don't think you really need us as parishioners if they really wish l a.n color probably arises from for the Discussion Club." to wdrk shoulder to shoulder with ] ozerent , c.maate, .environment, ,,A,, ,<,, ,, *h* v,,, Christ." Father paused: "And zooa aria names oz tte. ,*- " ..... : ..... .... <',, the best way for this cooperation ', *-  don t need the Dtscussmn Club ..... Ma Father C'arroll ---:1 ^ with Christ and wth one another i y any of the benefits of Holy " in the ,arish is b,, starting, Dis C mmumon be offered for some- "I wouldn't go "that far But . . -   .... . -- lone else o . ...... " _ . .cusslon tluvs, in zacL mlS is ne I . "  ' you nave o aoml, amer, ma The ro er and ....... ._ way pointed out by the Holy Fa- I P p chief effect of we oont neea t as much as omers tber in his coniman  th ....  " ' ,, o a tne uon- I ' in the parish, fra,,r,,;,, ,, r-h,;o,; r.,;, kneel down m prayer for their re- "Sorry; I can't agree perfectly be established in evm .... ar;o h ,, Ihgmn but also talk up for it m- wth you, John. True, I m pleased the restoring of all things in I te!].agenUy; ......... with you. yet I'm not ouite saris- r,,,;o,, . wny, ne LSCUSSlOn UZUO WiLt fled witfi"you as you-are You "':,Bi ...... I be the center for training our are loyal parishioners and faith- - u .just w.nat oo you expect ]parshioners as Catholic Actionists ........... rom nls rengmus acuvtty, raua- to the ,,lor,, of God and the ood IUl uanollCS, yes; out, you are llV- er 9'' was - 11 " ' ' '  J O0 ns quesuon of m ing your lives apart, as it were, " t A erica. from the life and activity of the ,parish." "What do you mean, Father?" Mary asked. "Too long have Catholics .thought of their parish merely as the church in which they hear Mass and receive the Sacraments. They must learn that the parish is more than a building of God. The parish is the life of Christ expres- sed in His members of a particular locality. It is the union of Our Lord with His members, and of them with Christ, and of them with one another in Christ Practically, therefore*, 'Catholics "I'm expecting the same results that have followed in any parish where the Discussion Club has been given a chance. With a bet- ter knowledge of religion, more and more parishloners will truly appreciate and constantly live their Faith. Indeed, the parish will be revived and strengthened and unified in a renewal of spirit- ual life. "Our people will not be 'afraid of religion., They will be able to explain Catholic beliefs and prac- tices; able to explain why they are Catholics and what a Catholic ;s, Like Chrlst, they will not only "And, it will be the first step of Christ into every home of the parish. It will help turn the knob of each door at which Christ knocks How He desires to re- enter the home that has been clos- ed to Him!" '"I understand, Father. You can count on us.". A gleam of satisfaction appear- ed in Father Carroll's eyes. In his heart burnt the hope that there would be many others like John and Mar in the parish; the hope that the whole parish would some i day stand shoulder to shoulder ,with Christ. Eucharist is "oneness with Christ and the brotherly union of the faithful by the bond and fervor of charity." The Eucharist likewise sustains, increases, restores, and delights the life of grace as well as decreases the tendency to sin, and gives a new sight to the glor- ious resurrection of the body. As regards receiving Communion for others, directly and of itself Holy Communion benefits only the one who receives it, because the el-' fect.of this sacrament is the per- sonal good of the receiver and because food, of its very nature, nourishes only the one who re- ceives it. Indirectly, however, others may benefit. One may of- fer the good works one performs in receiving for others; thus, the sacrifice, the prayers, the in'duN gences and good intention may be offered for others. Is the Roman Catholic Church the proper term in referring to the Church? The proper term to use in refer- ring to the Church is Catholic Church.. Adding Roman to the Catholic Church came into practice (ly in recent centuries to dis- tinguish the Catholic Church from heretical churches, which erron- eously claim to be Catholic. The 'word "Cathohc" comes from the Greek word meaning "universal" Only the Cathplic Church is uni- versal in the real ense of the word. Is there a St. Delphlne? Please give some particulars bout her life. The book, "Baptismal Names" by the Rev. Joseph L. Weidenhan, S.T.L., on page 260 mentions a St. Delphine, a holy woman whose feast is commemorated on Nov. 26. However, no mention of this saint is made in Butler's "Lives of the Saints" by Herbert Thurston, S.J., and Donald Attwater. There is a mention of Blessed Delphina, the wife of St. Elzear of Sabran, who was born in the year 1284 at Pont M.ich.el. e, together with her husband, led a life of extreme Christian charity' and in her later days she gave all of her money and the proceeds of her estate to the poor and bore a painful ill- ness with herioc patience. She died about the year 1358; Must we pray orally or may we pray mentally in order to gain In- dulgences attaehed to the p?ayer? Mental prayer is sufficient Un- less prayers are prescribed for the intention .of the. Holy Father, as the prayer before a crucifix after Communion; then mental prayer does hot suffice and vocal prayer is necessary. In vocal or oral prayer the words must be formed with the lips as though to be spoken, although the words need not be audible. In September 1933, the oly Father allowed invocations and so-called ejacula- tions to be said mentally for the ninin of their indulgences. El| I$ T m Rural Catholic Ig of of the by Rev. Anthony C. 8. 8p. (General Diocesan Can The Returnee Farming? There is a question i of the officials of the er or not there is charged soldiers on HA.I.E The argument is that   I ing the war the arme a. NOW I ferior machinery, with ::a l cultivation, and ith oV ,  away in the armed f ut.o r AK was enough produced] NRaL% HE ]l ple at home and for 1 ._..T ...... on the front. & -'-----' r The farmers during d b= i-l were told, produce a  BAFnII It was a patriotic dut(.. as necessary to produce 'xF,. was to fight. The far. i:f'('/'Yli !work 8 hours a day,, 'sixteen hours and son'ielt longer. The wife and]2/ff.fl children were out theIl[;,i hard. Little Jimmy 9 ,'' I old was out there pit'. i while his older bro' .the front fighting. Le men let up on that kin j now, and let the littl attend school regul t those little boys back /2 ing themselves into a ' and you will see that iWns Ho will be able to absorb turning soldiers who w The fear is that the I ,ith.---St. A be flooded. As long dents" crown have money wherewith adrfcks, Queen food they will spend it ec " .... , m" omlng, at a to obtain the Kmo O*dl0rfU 1 they wish to - .. ,, ceremony ,,ave 1 1 evening, in t becomes . .... a .... de Immaculate if industry slows up a; sion appears, in that '-. hirley was will not be able to p t ..... farmers' products and tL'_ut s, ater n will be flooded There y the seni about the whole questi,01ee .in the ra and that is, that not e. mmg queea Uffaloes, for tematic thought has b the question of marketi e of the se sUnior cross ists are always flndl_ u: increasing production,]L.ond; Helen ers and r e, was thira appear in pag nrodtl(Lgshraan, pla how to increase ,. wi. June Mo there are very few^, d the . most cerned about the "=Sthe fourth portant end as far as is concerned namoly The farmer's crop is d by her ma tioned off or he Is sir lrle 'down Is much for it. Now i 'me auditoriu proportion of the time, ! on the stage. ;fort and money which to, real with ne !bodice. Her 'production would be : marketing it is very lig Q figured whit marketing situation v0 eWth gore s limprove. ,  l?hd " toha e sta Cooperatives and m . . S e wo operative organizatiorSd carried I of very. great assistat white chry. farmer m the past, theLeLieelly, first la ing him now and it .l.e queen, wo l they will be his only Ied' white !future. The farmer :emums; I speaking has not fullyi2eond maid, appreciate the coonera,-2t and carrie i he yet sensed the irPl.ers. Ma,y giving it full support. ,lcl, also wore p l er will have to cooper P*atching bou fellow-man to wor." Yoore, fourth I marketing end of far_hiffon trimm There is room for ev *, and carried !who wishes to farm ,''Wers. Little, his aggressiveness is ], niece of the needed in certain phaSeV.rl. She was lems in agriculture. _.].  ' " i carrmd a bas -'--'-'-' .. flowers. lrl, dressed i Mse