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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
November 23, 1945     Arkansas Catholic
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November 23, 1945

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By The Sentry Day was observed most of the states of In Arkansas, we are to the celebration which comes, in this last Thurs- by virtue of the !state legislature in nam- Z and by the Governor's I = .. VV.._ / THE OFFICIAL ORGAN OF TF rlo(':E...F. OF LITTLE ROCK I Volume XX.XI"  'O O LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS, NOVEMBER 23, 194.5 = =- NO. 46 -- - hops Of e--dS {,Eb:tensio./Society In Bis The Unit totes Issue. AnnualMeeting Forceful Challenge At Annual Meeting lli4zl( :)tCht,icago,Monday At The General Meeting of The Hierarchy I(oncerned of it. It would be year the whole na- celebrate Thanksgiving day. In proclaiming national thanksgiving, Truman called the at- the people to the fact in overcoming by a united effort. It all of us to be con- we must remain unit- to establish domes- At the present time, difference of opin- ion between the leaders of cap- ital and those of Chicago..--(Special).--The Most ling of the Catholic Church Ex- Rev. John B. Morris, Bishop of Itensin Society, held here, Mon- the Diocese of Little Rock, and day. His Auxiliary Bishop, the one of the first and most loyal Most Rev. Albert L. Fletcher, per- Ifriends of Extension Society was sonally extended the congratula- IAb0ut I unable to attend this year's meet- tions of Bishop Morris to the Soci- I l ety on the occasion of its fortieth Extension Head I anniversary. The assembled Arch- vcent to :ngland Ly raid D-Day once an the oct J. A. unit, re dian fii '.ommur rere the zless he nerica s, he salt reports ous sour| rganized lrge. col( :. CO labor in regard to what is the just and rea- sonable wage that should be paid to workers i zi practically every industry. Both parties are hurling accusa- tions at each this strategy gets ex- The best inter- h industry and labor will a speedy agreement. at not by the epithets but by 1or on the part of ' to the dispute to lay the the table and to deal each other. Each con- been guilty, at times, were at least qucs- they were not unjust. often taken too large Labor has had rep- who gave every in- radical. A house both parties is in or- Truman has called to pray and to be our many favors. The general, are grateful pray for the President t welfare of the country, are times when it ap- the administration has the 1948 election in- .ving full attention to t order of business. It ze for us citizens to do nless those whom we lic office do theirs. It !about "devotion to es' klom and rights of man- ss something is done We must not only be The Most Rev. William D. O'Brien, Auxiliary Bishop of Chicago and President of the Ca- tholic Cturch Extension Socie- ty which held its Annual Meet- ig In Chicago last Monday. Bishop O'Brien has been Presi- dent of the Society for the last twenty-one years. In this year's meeting he gave a glowing re- port of the aid extended to the Home Missions of the United States by the Society. the cause, but each one, resident down to the ,,,,.en.. NC2W Board his private interest to goocL Thus far this ; [ 00ne. -- Urges J00,id To ki County Tuberoulosis I is making its thirty- "r" " IWi r Victims The Association re- .,;ole support from the this annual sale of is a sobering thought Washington. 00The need for Mne minutes, some one td States dies, a victim sis. It is too bad that le do not realize that !is spread by contact. at many members of of the same family h a v e tuberculosis does not mean that it is inherited. It is contracted by one Education Com- '? on page 8 from the other. The : disease can be eradicated if eyery- one will take care. w:he serious handi- the work of wip-  disease is found in the 'lany who are affected re of their condition. [ great problem, there- ]lch out and to find as ! as possible. In this ce$,  made of the X-Ray t may be interestin to are engaged in this , to know that the dis- lbelm Konrad Roent- 23, was a Catholic. tt symbol X, because rkansas isnl of the ray was un: i ro He is but one oz , , nt line scientists, who te members of the Ca- ]O000d th. Mention is made ]ODt:][:][: is a reminder that the rch has always been patron of true opposition has been to scienti- who foster errors. containing the will soon appear if it has not al- so. Let there be no response to this At Christmas time, men of good will. a manifestation of buy Christmas seals. show that they are their unfortunate real charity to give in the name of promised a rich who give even a The money the sale of these to the work of tuberculosis. Put Your Christmas let- as an indication to help a good taber that, contrary ! : otlon, tuberculosis 1,4,: contact, mostly by  ot know that they  berculosls was the rejection of 150,000 ten, who were ex- !e service in the late nsa ofltpus is spreading :Verywhere. Help to by buying Christ- elp to fight the le .'' Buy and use DDD OODQO"- action on several international and humanitarian problems was urged at the annual meeting of the Board of Directors, National Coun- cil of Catholic Women, here. The Board's recommendations includ- ed: Aid to persons in former enemy and liberated nations who other- wise will be doomed to certain death, and continued assistance to War Relief Service--National Ca- tholic Welfare Conference in its relief program; the drawing up as soon as possible of peace treaties; reconsideration and re- peal of the present veto power of the'"Big Five" in the Security Council and formation of arma- ment control machinery in the United Nations Organization. The Board expressed the hope that adequate defense of the na- tion may be achieved by means other than compulsory peacetime military training and recommend- ed that the United Nations seek the abolition of such training. Bishop John F. Noil, Episcopal Chairman, and Bishop Emmet M. Walsh of Charleston, Assistant Episcopal Chairman, of the De- partment of Lay Organizations, N.C.W.C., attended the session. A report on the joint appeal of the N.C.C.W. and War Relief Ser- vice---N.C.W.C, for clothing for destitute children, women and Sis- ters in Europe, the Philippines and China, disclosed that 212,140 garments had been collected up to November 1 and shipped to War Relief Services Warehouses. The members of the Board were received at the Apostolic Delega- tion by His Excellency Archbishop Amleto Giovanni Cicognani, Apos- tolic Delegate to the United States. Among those who addressed ses- sions were Miss Eileen Egan of War Relief Services, the Rev. Ed- gar Schmiedeler, Director of the N.C.W.C. Family Life Bureau; the Rev. Charles Bermingham, Director, N.C.W.C. Youth Depart- ment;' Mrs. Thomas G. Garrison, N.C.W.C. president. The Board pledged continued support of the National Catholic Community Service and urged the passage of the Mead-Aiken and the Lesinski bills now pending in Congress in connection with Fed- eral aid to education. Another resolution endorsed the proposal to increase the 40-cent an hour minimum to 65-75 cents an hour over a three year period under the Fair Labor Standards act. Op- uosition to the so-called Equal Rights' Amendment was reaf- firmed. Noting a "serious inflationary spiral now under way" the board recommended that price, ration and rent controls be continued and ;hat legislation be enacted to ex- tend powers for allocating scarce materials in the period of recon- version. bishops, Bishops and .other mem- bers of the Board of Governors ent a resolution of regret for 3ishop Morris' absence. 'l-ie Iost Reverend Samuel A. 3tritch, Archbishop of Chicago md Chancellor of the mission society, presided over the fortieth mnual meeting in the general of- fices of the organization in Chi- cago. All Archbishops of the United States are members of tim Board of Governors of the Extension Society, together with a dozen Bishops, nearly a score of mon- signors and priests, and a number of outstanding Catholic laymen from ffferent parts of the coun- try. Bishop William D. O'Brien, Auxiliary of Chicago and Presi- dent of The Catholic Church Ex tension Society, for the last twenty-one years, and who nas been associated with the organiza- tion for the past thirty-eight years, gave a glowing report of the aid extended to Home Missions of the United States and its Depen- dencies during the past fiscal year. Over a million dollars was paid out by the Society during the past twelve months in the con- struction and repairing of nearly 190 chapels; in assisting mission- ary bishops to pay for the tuition of poor students for the priest- hood; in subsidizing pastors and poor missions with monthly allot- ments, 138 of them- of from twenty to thirty dollars per month; in dis- tributing nearly 200,000 Mass In- tentions to the missionary bishops and in helping to furnish church- es with altars, stations of the cross, tatucs, altar plate and linens. Archbishop sritch praised the work of the Society and also spoke of Home Mission work being done by the American Board of Cath- olic Missions, a sub-committee of Archbishops and Bishops appoint- ed annually at the Bishop's Meet- ing in Washington, which distz:ib- utes among the Home Missions, 40 per cent of the annual collection] of the Propagation of the Faith[ taken up In all the dioceses I throughout the United States. I Among the Archbshops present I were Most Rev. Richard J. Cush- / ing of Boston, Mass.; Most Rev.  John A. Floersh of Louisville, Ky.; Most Rev. James H. Ryan of Oma-, ha, Nebr.; Mot Roy. Joseph F. Rummell of New Orleans; Most Rev. Robert E. Lucey of San An- tonio, Tex.; Most Rev. Urban J. Vehr of Denver, Colo., and Most Roy. John J. Mitty of San Fran- cisco, Calif. Resolutions of sympathy and re- gret were drawn up by the Board of Governors of the Society be- cause of absence, enforced by ill- ness, of Most Rev. Michael J. Cur- ley, Archbishop of Baltimore; See EXTENSION on page 8 Heads Social Action Rev Raymond A. McGowan. noted speaker arid writer on oclal ques- tions, who has been named Direc- tor of the Department of Social Action of the National Catholic Welfare Conference. succeeding the late Monsignor John A. Ryan'. Father McGowan, who has been assistant director of the depart-' ment, was one of the foundera of the Catholic Conference on Indus- 1 trial Problems ad the Cthollc I A s s o c I a t ! o n for International Peace. His column 'rhs Yard-! |tick" Is widely used in the Cath- pile _.I. Chasa-Statler phot ,INC PhotoeL -" More than 100 members of the Hierarchy assembted at the Catholic University of America'Wash- ington, D.C, for the Annual General Meeting of the Archbishops and Bishops of the United States. His Eminence Dennis Cardinal Dougherty (upper left in photo), Archbishop of Philadelphia, pre- sided at the the first day's sessions. Archbishop John J. Glennon (lower center), of St. Louis, presided at subsequent sessions. Others pictured are: Archbishop John T. McNicholas, O.P., of Cinc/nnati (upper right photo), and Archbishop Edward Mooney (lower left), of Detroit, who, having completed five consecutive years as membez of the Administrative Board of the National Catholic Welfare Conference, were not eligible for lection this year. Bishop Emmet Walsh of Charleston (lower right), served as secretary at the meetings. (NC Photos) t:irst Teachers' lns00irur, Since Before The War 7o Be Held November 23 Little Rock.--Uzder the auspices of His Excellency, the Most Rever- :end Bishop, the First Post War Teachers' Institute (llth Annual) will be held at Mt. 'St. Mary's Academy Auditorium, Friday, November 23. Prior to the war, the teachers of the elementary schools of the Diocese of Little Rock assembled annually for the one or two day meeting, to discuss the problems of education. During the war emergency, the meetings were discontinued in compliance with governmental requests to minimize large gatherings. The First Post War Teachers' Institute is being held at an op- portune time, inasmuch as a new aiocesan testing and examination program is being inaugurated this year. The afternoon portion of the program is therefore being devot- ed to instruction in administering and scoring of the tests which will be given to the children at a later date. Dr. B. A. Lewis, of the De- partment of Education of the State Teachers' College, Conway, will speak on the subject, "The Value of a Testing Program". The morning session will open i I Psychology, St. Louis Ui- [ versity, St. Louis, Mo. 110:45 Roundtable conducted by Father I McCarthy 11:05 Recess 11:20 "Mental Hygiene for the Teacher", Rev. Raphael C. McCarthy, S.J. 11:50 Rountable endueted by Fa- ther McCarthy 12:lSLuneheonAfter lunch the exhibits will be visited. --Auditorium 1:45 "Value of a Testing iro - gram", Mr. B. A. Lewis, De- partment of Education, State Teachers' College, Conway. 2":20 Instruction in Administering and Grading Tests Primary Section (Grades 1- 2-3) Sister Paschaline Room 4 (Study Hall), Main Building And Give Seat To | t Veteran's Wife |  "Philadeiphia. E)-=-Keep .Har- with a High nine o'clock old J. Laski, chairman of the in Mt. St. Mary's Chapel, with the |British Labor Party, in Eng- Rt. Rev. Msgr. Jno, J. Healy, Dio- land and transfer the airplane cesan Superintendent of Schools,  space for his scheduled trip to 'as celebrant. The Institute will America to my English-born| be opened by Msgr. Healy at ten  wife who wants to join me over o'clock, with the morning being I Zlere; that's what, in effect, an I  American Catholic war veteran ,wired to Secretary of State I  James F. Byrnes | I feel that my contribution  to America's way of life is en- I titled to priority over a non- :American disruptionist," Fran-| :cis J. Rowland, a discharged| veteran, of this city, who served : nearly three years overseas, :told the Secretary of State, en- :dorsing a previous protest by l I devoted to two lectures by the Reverend Raphael C. McCarthy, S.J., Professor of Psychology, St. Louis University, the first, "Men- tal Hygiene in the Classroom" and the second, "Mental Hygiene' for the Teachers": After each lecture Father McCarthy will conduct a forum, which will be entered into by the teachers. Luncheon will be served all teachers attending the meeting, in the Academy dining room. The luncheon will be in charge of St. Patrick's Home and School Soci- I ety, with Mrs. T. C. Quinn as Gen- eral Chairman. The sessions will. be closed at 4:15, with Benediction of the Most Blessed Sacrament. A complete outline of the pro- gram follows: 8:30 Exhibits' Open 9:00 High Mass, Mr. St. Mary's Chapel, Rt. Rev. Msgr. Jno. J, Healy, Celebrant 10.:00 Opening of the Institute, Monsignor Healy 10:15 "Mental Hygiene in the Classroom" Rev. Raphael C. McCarthy, S.J., Professor of the Catholic War Veterans, against Mr. Laski's visit. Ex-Srgeant Rowland's re- quest was supported by another :wire to the Secretary of State ;by Max H. Sore.son, command- 'or of the Pennsylvania State Department, CWV, who termed the British labor leader an "in- sulting, brazen trouble-maker on an international scale." Mr. Laski, in a recent radio address to a mass meeting at Madison Square Garden, New Yor k , had attacked the Vatican and the Catholic Church in Spain: He is scheduled to speak at a dinner in New York on December 3. Upper Grade Sections (Grades 4-5-6-7-8) Mr. B. A. Eewis Auditorium 4:15 Benediction of the Most Blessed Sacrament, Mt. St. Mary's Chapel Rt. Rev. Msgr. Jno. J. Healy, Celebrant Those attending the meeting are asked to remain in the Chapel for closing remarks bv Msgr. Healy. Displaced Baits In Reich Resist 'Repatriation' l%'ew York. 0)Displaced na- tionals of the Baltic republics in the American zone of occupation in Germany will resist repatria- tion because they know that their return home "would inevitably end in a nameless graveyard of some Siberian concentration camp." This statement was made by Stephen Bredes, Jr., president of the Baltic American Society, in a letter to The New York Times, in which he answers charges that these displaced Balts are vio!ently anti-Russian and pro-Nazi. "They are looking forward to the restitution of free, independent and democratic Baltic republics," he writes. "The continuing strug- gle to get rid of the Soviet oC- cupant and slavery does not war- rant the label of 'pro-nazis' or 'anti-Russian'; their right has nothing to do with the nazi ide- ology and is for the best interest of the great Russian nation." The letter recalls that the Baltic nations were the first to recognize the Soviet regime and had been repeatedly lauded by the Kremlin as being the most friendly and c$- onerative of Russia's neighbors. Yet, this friendship helped them ,one, Mr. Bredes says, and in 1940 the Soviets, in violation of all ex- isting agreements, seized the Baltic republics. -- : Five' High Schools Are To Be Erected in St. Louis St. Louis. (E)Ground-breaking ceremonies for the first of five inter-parochial high schools to be erected in the St. Louis archdio- cese were conducted here with Archbishop John J. Glennon of St. Louis presiding. The schools are being erected through a $2,000,000 parish fund raised last September. Trainins Washington.The Bishops of the United States, assembled for their anfiual general meeting here, issued a statement on the inter- national situation, entitled "Be- tween War and Peace". Profound reaction to the statement stamps this document as one of the most forceful challenges ever given to a thoughtful people. The state- ment was made in the name of all the Archbishops and Bishops and was signed by ten members of the Administrative Board of the Na- tional Catholic Welfare Confer- ence. Earlier last week, the Bishops adopted a resolution expressing their grave concern over military conscription plans. The resolution suggested that "control of econo- mic assistance to other countries" be used to back up a plea for abolishing military conscription everywhere. "The war is over but there is no peace in the world," the Bish- ops frankly declare in their state- ment "Between War and Peace': Warning that 'we ave in perhaps the greatest crisis of human his: tory" the document is regarded as an instrument which in its calm and courageous.,statement of world problems also points the way to their solution., In general,  Bishops warned against a false ralism. They ad- vised that the recognition of Rf- ferences in ideology is pliminary to ,any sincere effort at interaa.; tional cooperation. " Condemning any conspiracy to violate the rights of nations, groups or individual anywhere in the world, the Bish- ops ,asked if we were keeping the pledges made to the people of Po- land at the Yalta conference. The silence over the shocking news leaking out of southeastern Eu- rope was condemned. They de- plored the tragic indifference t the plight of the Italian people. and asserted that "we cannot be :unconcerned about the future of Germany, Austria and Hungary," pointing to our "grave responsibil- ity." Democracy Can Solve ProMem On the other hand, the Bishops expressed entire confidence that democracy can solve the problems of peace just as it solved the prob- lems of war. They counseled, however, tat "we must be true to ourselves," and defend our free institutions that the agents of total- itarianism amongst us are trying to sabotage. Recalling that the broad outline for peace set forth in the Atlantie Charter gave us the ideal for which we fought, and led smaller .nations to make us "the trustee of their freedom," the Bishops said the pattern for peace slowly emerging from the conferences of the Big Three "is disappointing fa the extreme." The statement pointed out that "there are profound differences of thought and policy between Russia and the western democracies," and advised that "the frank recognition of these differences is preliminary to any sincere effort in realistic world cooperation for peace." Lindt To Concessions . "A first step towards effective z:egotiation for peace is to have a plan," the Bishops said, adding tha. "so far we have compromised and sought to make mere piece- meal settlement." The statement said "we must indeed aim at col- laborating with all of our allies in the making of a good peace," but pointed ,out immediately that "there are, however, concessions which we dare not make because they are immoral and destructive of genuine peace." America's Relief Tasks The Bishops said our country, because of our greater resources, must do the ajor part in the re- See CILLLENGE on page 8 Confirmation Schedule Confirmation schedule as pl'e- viously announced by the Most Reverend Bishop: November 25, Lake Village, St. Mary's Church at 10:00 a.m4 St. John the Baptist Church at 2:0'0 p.m.; MeGehee. St. Wln- and's Church at 7:45 p.m. December 2, Forrest City, St. Francis Church at 10:00 an.; Wynne, St. Peter's Church at 2:30 p.m.; Brinkley, St. i $ohn's Church at 7:30 p.m. December 9, Mena, St. Agnes Church at 8:45 a.m.