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Litlte Rock, Arkansas
November 20, 1942     Arkansas Catholic
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November 20, 1942

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, NOVEMBER 20, 1942 THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY Of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas 309x/s WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second.class matter March 21, I 1911.  the post office at Little Rock, Arkansas, under the Act of Congress of March 8, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 the year OFFICIAL D;OCESAN ORGAN The Guardian is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock and I pray God that it may be an earnest champion of the cause of right, Justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religion we all love on well. I extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that Its career may be long and prosperous. )] JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Reek. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY. Ph. D. BUSINESS MANAGER All communlcations about The Guardian must be handled through the Business Manager, and all matters intended for publication should reach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST Business and Editorial Office. B09 West 2nd, Telephone 5486 SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture Service--Knights of Columbus of Arkansas Fort Smith Council, No. 996 ............................ 22.00 Paragould Council, No. 1713 ....................... $12.00 Little Rock Council, No. 812 ....... 22.00 Pocnhontas Council No. 2443 ............................. 17.00 Blythevi]le-Oceola Council, No. 2857 ................................. 12.09 NOVEMBER 20, 1942 ,,, ,, ,,, ,,, "7t by liberty ot the press, we understand merely the liberty ot discussing the propriety ot public measures and political opinions, let us have as much ot it as you please; but it it means the liberty ot at- tronting, calumniating and defaming one another, I own myselt willing to part with my share ot it when- ever our legislators shall please to alter the law; and shall cheerfully consent to exchange my liberty ot abusing others tor the privilege ot not being abused myselt."--Franklin. FEAST: OF INSPIRATION On Saturday of this week the Church commemorates one of the most touching incidents in the life of our Blessed Mother. According to a tradition that has been incorporated into Ca- tholic devotion the saintly parents of the Blessed Virgin pre- sented her in the Temple when she was but three years old. In full possession of her wonderful faculties of mind and soul this choicest of God's creatures solemnly gave herself to His service. Little did the priests in the Temple of Solomon realize their privilege when they accepted the little girl from Joachim and Anne. They did not know the gift that they received in the Name of the great Jehovah. They received in the Name of God her who Would soon be the Mother of that God in the flesh. A new glory was given that day to the Temple and heaven welcomed its Queen. While this beautiful story is only a tradition it goes back to early Christian days. We know that the feast of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin was cele- brated in the sixth century by the Eastern Church. The first mention of such a feast in the /estern Church is the permis- sion of Gregory X[ in 1372 when it was observed for the first time by the Roman Court at Avignon. In return for the estab- lishment of this feast our Blessed Mother broke the chains of captivity that had bound the Papacy for seventy years. It was soon taken up by the Universal Church. It is impossible for the human mind or the human heart to conceive the glory given to God during the hidden years of our Blessed Mother's life. How He must ,have found delight in watching her grow into the full flower of young womanhood l How longingly He waited for the day when He would take up His abode in the sanctuary of her most chaste womb. The angels of heaven envied her with an envy that was not sin but only admiration. This feast of the Presentation of our Blessed Mother should be for us a day of inspiration and a day of hope. It is a day on which we may confidently pray that our Blessed Mother inspire us with love for her God to Whom she vowed her sweet life, for hope that in God's good time she may pre- sent us to her Divine Son in the Temple of His heavens. --Southwest Courier CORPORATISM: THE ONLY ALTERNATIVE TO COMMUNISM It has become the inveterate habit of Catholic writers and speech-makers to tear out their hair over the evils of Com- munism. While this practice has somewhat abated, out of re- spect for the Russian soldiers who are not necessarily Com- munists and who are fighting our battle against Naziism, it is Still the tendency of Catholic thought to regard Communism only negatively. We shall never make any progress in opposing Commun- ism, or for that matter any ism, merely by crying "Bad l BadI" Communism has a definite soqial and economic program. It is+offering that program to the masses as an alternative to Capit- alhm. While Capitalism is cursed with inherent evils, such as "laissez faire" and selfish individualism, it is certainly to be pre- ferred to Communism. Now, however, the question is not whether we prefer Capitalism to Communism; the question is: will Capitalism survive} Of the five powers at war, Germany, Italy and Russia have abandoned Capitalism, while England and the United States, the two leading capitalistic countries of the world, are showing definite trends toward Socialism in their economic orders, Not a few workingmen, it seems, would rather gamble on Socialism than accept Capitalism with its evils, which they have experienced. The new economic world order will either be some kind of Socialism, actually a nice- sounding synonym for Communism, or Capitalism purged of its evils. Capitalism, however, can not be purged of its evils with- out changing its set-up. Applying the social teachings of the Popes, we can construct a new economic order, neither com- pletely capitalistic, nor socialistic. It is known as the Corpora- tire system. It is not based on selfish individualism, nor greed in the name of unchecked competition, nor the heartless domi- nation of the weak by the strong, but on Christian justice and charity, on harmonious cooperation. What is the Corporative system? First of all it is not to be confused with the "Corporate State," which is undemocratic because it controls all industry through syndicates which are the agencies of the government. Corporatism is a system of economic democracy, which involves the organization of workers and emlloyers in each industry as a "vocational group." This is brought about by organizing the workers into trade unions. These unions are given equal voice on the board of directors. Finally, a joint board of directors for the indus- try is established. It will be the task of the directing board of the entire vo- cational group to govern the industry, seeing that it produces not primarily for the profit of the owners, but for the use of the people. The vocational group will be federated into a national economic council, whose purpose will be to govern the entire economy of the nation, remaining, however, distinct from the political government. Briefly defined, corporatism is full partnership between labor and capital, with subsequent joint management of in- dustry. We can not stem the tide of the Socialist revolution by calling names. We must offer a concrete, tangible Christian economic program as a better substitute. And that program is embodied in Corporatism.The Witness. '%.g"'%,.V __---- "* - -%v  -.7.- -- --    t --11___1__ '+.'1 CatholieInformationSocletyt L, utnollC F_.vlaence P.O. BOX 35 t Narberth, Pa. Bugs.* In the last half of the last cen- tury Samuel Stehman Haldeman became a Catholic. Because he was an outstanding intellectual of his day and held the Chair of Natural Sciences at the Univer- sity of Pennsylvania, his conver- sion caused much comment. The story is told that the emi- nent professor, when asked what led him to the threshold of the Catholic Church, would answer with the single word--"Bugs!" "Bugs!" his amazed inquirer would ask. "Why bugs?" To which the scientist would re- ply somewhat as follows: "No matter how tiny the in- sect, I found that the God Who made it, provided one organism that controlled all parts and kept them working together. I be- lieve that when He was making so big a thing as the Church, He would do as much for it. There is only one Church with such a single controlling organism. That is why I became a Catholic." Encouragement | The Love of Self and Natural Inclination Reason is the distinguishing mark of man, and yet it is a rare thing to meet with really reason- able men, so much do we generallg suffer self-love to decoy us from leading us through a thousand little, but dangerous crooked ways and unjust dealings. We excuse ourselves in many things, but for very little we accuse our neighbor. We try to sell very dear and buy very cheap. We wish justice to be strictly done to others, and compassion, may even partiality, to be shown us. We desire that others should take our words in good part, and we ourselves become irritated and sensitive at their remarks. We owe our neighbor a grudge that he does not oblige us by giving uS his property in exchange for our money; but if he does not wish to sell, is it not just that he should keep his own, and we our money? We are vexed with him because he will not accommodate us; has he not more right to be vexed with us because we insist upon incommoding him? If we take pleasure in a practice we despise every other and condemn al! that is not to our mind. If one of our inferior's personal appearance be disagreeable to us, or if he has once had the mis- fortune to fall under displeasure, do what he will we take it badly; we are never tired of teasing and incessantly scolding him, whereas if any one's good looks take our fancy, we make excuses for all his faults. At all times we prefer the rich to the poor, though they be not of better condition, nor as virtuous; we even prefer those who are bet- ter dressed, we punctiliously keep our own rank, and wish others to be humble; we easily complain of our neighbor, and wish no one to complain of us. What we do for others seems much to us and what they do for us eems nothing We are like the partridges of Patogania, which have two hearts, we possess one sweet and gracious towards ourselves, and a hard, severe and rigorous heart towards our neighbor. We have two bal- ances; the 6ne to weigh everything for ourselves to the greatest ad- vantage; the other to weigh the things of our neighbor with all possible disadvantage; now to have two weights and two measures, the one heavy for receiving and the other for giving, is an abom- ination unto the Lord. Besides, in allowing ourselves to be led by our passions and inclinations, we pervert the order decreed by God, that all should be subject to reason. Now if reason does not govern our powers and faculties, what will become of us, in this constant vicissitude and caprice which makes us sometimes fervent and then slothful, neg- ligent and isle; sometimes joyous; nd then sad? We shall be tran- auil for an hour and melancholy for days; in short our lives would Today'sParable l Father Stedman, Confraternity  of the Precious Blood, Brooklyn, N. Y, Gives His Life and Saves It. In the Alps, two men, tied to each other by a rope, climbing a cliff. One a Doctor. The other, his guide. Suddenly, a slip! The rope clung to the mountain, the men dangled. Only one chance. Cut the rope. This would mean certain death for one. The guide said to the doctor: "Your life is worth more titan mine:' He cut the rope. Fell. When the search- ins party came, the rope was found to be still holding the doe- tot'.., but he was dead. At the bottom of the cliff, they found the guide still alive. "He who shall give his life for My sake, shall save it." How anx- ious we should all be for the chance; to give our life for oth- ers and thus guarantee our cer- tain salvation. I know some young women who get together and make bedpads out of newspapers, which they present to the cancer wards of hospitals. Not one of us but can. gve our life in some way for an- other. Giving it and keeping on living so we may give it again and' again. When You Miss One Holy Communion 1. You miss a personal visit with Jesus, Author of all spiritual energy a'nd of all holiness; 2. You lose a special increase of sanctifying grace, which makes your soul more pleasing to God; 3. You lose a quota of sacra- mental grace, which entitles you to special help in times of tempta- tion and in the discharge of your special duties; 4. You lose a precious oppor- tunity of having all your venial sins wiped away; 5. You miss the special pre- serving influence which each Holy Communion confers against the fires of passion; 6. You miss the opportunity of having remitted a part, or all, of the temporal punishments due to your sins; 7. You lose the spiritual joy, the sweetness, and particular com- fort tha come from a fervent Holy Communion; 8. You lose a part of the glory that your body might enjoy at its resurrection on the Last Day. 9. You lose the greater degree of glory you would possess in Heaven for all eternity; 10. You may lose: a. complete victory over some fault or passion; b. some particular grace long prayed for; c. the conversion or salvation of some soul;' d. deliverance of a relative or friend from Purgatory; e. many graces for others, both the living and the dead. Will a 'few extra minutes of sleep i'epay you for all these los' ses? pass in doing nothing. We must Without. labor there is no corn- not yield then to inequality of ins to rest, nor without fighting temper amidst the contradictory can the victory be obtained. things which happen, but..sub ............... .... . r+sive to the reason given us by We are sometimes moved with God, and to His Providence remain passion and we mistake it for zeal. firm. constant and' invariably . ' " .... : . resolved to serxe God faithfully It is sometimes a very trifling and courageously without even thing from which proceeds a griev- drawing back. ious temptation. Q UES TION B OX Noticer--It is important that all questions be signed with the sender's name and COMPLETE address (not initials): otherwise the questions will not be answered. No names are ever published. Questions which ask for private answer must be accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelope. We invite only honest and worthwhile questions. When Is. Drunkenness A Mortal Sin? Theologians teach that complete drunkenness, that which deprives a man of the use of reason so that he cannot tell between right and wrong, is a mortal sin. The conditions that must be present for mor- tal since in other cases must be present also in this case, that is, the act must be voluntary and committed with sufficient advertence or reflection. To drink to excess but not so normally be a' venial sin, provided it to become mortal, e.g., injury to health, scandal, occasion of other sins, such as immortality, serious anger, spending money necessary for family, etc. Accidental intoxi- calion would, probably, not be sin- ful by reason of a lack of consent and reflection, thought. All such c:=es, however, ought to be sub- mitred to the judgment of the con- fessor. A non-Catholic made the statement that in his opinion the Catholic creed is a tyrannical creed be- cause Catholics are bound to ac- cept the teaching of the Church. I was somewhat put out to hear him say this but must confess that I could not prove him wrong. How should I answer him? You should not be too much dis- turbed by statements of this kind; they are frequently made by peo- ple who do not know the full im- port of the expressions they use. Take the one you cite, To call any creed tyrannical is, to say the least, a thoughtless misuse of words. A rule or government may be tyran- nical but a creed, that if believed at all must be believed by the free assent of the mind, cannot. There is no species of tyranny that can reach the mind and compel its assent. The consent of the will may be extorted but the assent of the intellect--no. We may be forced to stimulate belief in a cer- tain creed, but ipteriorly and actually to assent to it, nto that no man can be forced. The only coercion the mind and its acts are subject to is the coercion of God and of truth. Men often speak of "spiritual tyranny" and by that they mean for the most part of re- straining influence upon license of opinion, of established and ac- cepted doctrines, the control of systems which address themselves to the intellect and hold to fixed beliefs the understand'ing that has assented to them. Now if the phrase means this, and this only, 't " how can the term yranny find place in it? In what sense can the word "tyrannical" be applied to a system which holds men only by the assent of their own under- standing--by a bond which they have themselves formed and which they are at any time free to dissolve? How can a man be tyrannical over his own convietion or by any system to which only conviction binds him? The in- vidious phrase "spiritual tyranny" is, we know, most frequently em- ployed in discrediting criticism of religious beliefs. We are well- nigh tired of the jargon in which Christian faith is denounced as a thraldom of the mind. But why should that be called by names significant of oppression which is freely submitted-to by those whom it affects? It is but a self-inflicted grievance, if it be a grievance at all. No tyrant is responsible for the wrong, if wrong there be. It is quite true that the Christian sys- tem once accepted, opinions at variance with it cannot be re- ceived by the believer. But this restraint is imposed only as long as the faith with which these opinions are incompatible is sub- mitted to, and this submission is dependent wholly on the will of the believer himself. Clearly we must change ou, r definition of things if the word "tyrannical" is to find justificable application in such a case as this. as to be completely drunk would some circumstance does not cause We are told that in the case of the obligation of hearing Mass on Sunday and abstaining from ser- vile work, that necessity will ex- cuse from the latter. What would be considered necessity in this case? Theologians writing on this point enumerate the following as causes that excuse from the pre- cept forbidding servile work on Sundays and holydays of obliga- tion: (1) Necessity of body or mind, either personal or that of another; (2) Considerable public utlity, as the work of policemen or firemen; (3) Avoidance of idleness in case idleness is a dangerous proximate cccasion of sin; (4) Considerable utility to others in need of our help, such as to attend the sick, or to care for the deceased for the sake of the living, to make cloth- ng for a particular poor person who is in fairly urgent need not, however, to work for the poor in general unless there is general pressing need, to work for the public services in urgent cases as to sew, knit, make clothes in war time; (5) Piety towards God, as to make what is immediately necessary for actual divine wor- ship. to prepare or adorne the church or .altars, or repair vest- mnts that are at once required, or to make vestments for a parti- cular church or mission; (6) Le- gitimate custom, which differs in different countries; (7) Dispensa- tion by legitimate authority. Is there a special blessing for the home? In many Catholic countries, it is customary to bless the individual homes every year on Holy Satur- day or during the following week. In Rome immediately after noon on Holy Saturday the blessing of the houses begins. Starting with the nearest and most important o,.es, the parish priest in surplice and stole begins his rounds. An altar boy accompanies him carry- ing the Easter water in a silver vessel. They go from home to home, the whole family greeting them at the door. To the priestly salutation "Pax huic domue," Peace be to this house the head of the famliy answers, Et Omnibus habitantibus in ea," and to all who dwell there. The priest, then, followed by the family goes trom room to room sprinkling each with the newly blessed Easter water. Every house in Rome is thus blessed during the Octave of Easter. Even the buses and street cars are blessed together with their passengers as the priests meet them in their rounds. Shops, post offices and all public buildings are likewise visited. Great preparations are made for the event for everything must be clean and dusted and polished. This is the origin of the annual spring housecleaning. Few people realize that it began cen- turies ago and is meant as a prep- aration of each home for the Easter blessing by which "all thins are made new." TRANGE BUT TRU Ei Little-Known Facts |or Catholics Rural Catholic Committee of the South by Rev. Anthony C. S. Sp. i (General Diocesan C KEEP AMERICA STRONG The strength of America as nation rests on her acres are portioned off into plots, tivated by family unit From these farm homes come strong vigorous youths that filling up the ranks of the today. From these farms the food for the army, and civilian life at home and From these farms come the and dairy products which for the strength of America. America must remain win this war. The problem keep it strong. Farms must remain idle. The key man remain on the farm or is the butter, milk, eggs and stuffs to come from to soldiers and' ourselves. In nesota, nearly 10,000 farms changed hands this fall, with a normal average Some of our own farms in ner Co., White Co., and other surrounding are idle, or will be idle no one is left on the farm it. There are many reports losses, the sale of even of farms because of an farm labor shortage. folks who are left on farms young men are drafted volunteer for the armed are finding it impossible to many things that have to on the farm. It makes us what is going to happen to production. The animals are now being sold', and which are not being tilled of lack of someone to are being put out of and nothing in the way of clothing will go to the Navy from these closed More than a wave of a wand is necesssary to U. S. agricultural production ed for the United Nations the war. We have been supplies to the Allies who been unable to secure all necessities, and therein and still consists much strength. This makes strong. Cripple the farm ti0n of America, and America loses her present farm situation a real concern for all of us. gross talks about it, peopl{ worried about it, but nothinl been done about it. Perhaps, we are not as aware of the danger to our try and our Cause as we be, or is it that we are to act. The farm is the of the Country. A man broken back is helpless. try without full farm i severely handicapped. America Strong--Keep the producing. .: The threat to Western tion has been going on country for years past. +hordes of practicing tors quietly practicin! yers corrupting labor tion s and educators and misdirecting been hacking away at our tions.--Fr. Robert I. J., Fordham University. A man must go througB and great conflict in fore he can learn fully come himself, and to whole affection towards He rides at ease that by the grace of The Holy Bible+ Dooay Version Size 5 5/8 x 8 inches, II Contains 14 maps of Land and 4 page Bindings number 3, 4, also contain 32 pictures { events. ., Supplementary A.--A double index. genee prayers before reading The Holy Bibh regarding the reading of the tures. C.--An historical ological Table of Old and New table of the as read in the Variety of No. 1--C10th, stiff stamp and cross, No. stamp, red edge: No. 3--Morrokette stamp, red No. 4--American flexible, gold title, gold edges No. 5--Levant Grain Yapp. Gold title, gold edges No, 6--Morocco, very flexible, under gold edges Order from The Guardia 309 West 2nd, Little , :+