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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
November 19, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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November 19, 1943

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, NOVEMBER 19, 1943 THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY Of the Diocese of Little Rock. ArkJmm S09t/s WEST SECOND STREET Etered as second-class matter March 21, 1911. =t the post office at Little Rock, Arkansas, under the Act of Congress of March 8, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 the year OFFICIAL D;OCESAN ORGAN The Guardian is the official organ of the Dioqese of Little Rock and ! pay God that it may be an earnest champion of the cause of right, Justisa and truth end an ardent defemder of the religion ws all love so ws ft. ! extend to it my blessina with the sincere hope that its career any ha ions and proslrous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rusk. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY. Ph. D. BUSINESS MANAGRR All communications about The Guardian must be handled through the Business Manager. and all matters intended for publication should rsanh The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST Business and Editorial OIfies, 809 West 2nd. Telephone 5486 SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture Service--Knights of Columbus of Arkansas Little, Rock Council, No. 819 .... .00 Pars,mild Council. No. 1713 ......... Fort Smith Council, No. 996 ...................... $22.00 Pocahontas Council No. 2443 .............................. 17.00 Blytheville-Osceol Council. No. 2857 ..................... $12.00 Texarkana Council No. 2650 ...... 1. .... Pine Bluff Couneli. No. 1158 .................................... 22.00 Stuttgart-Slovactown Council, No. 2780 ................ 12.00 Jonesboro Council No. 1702 ............. Helena Council, No. 1770 .............................................. 17.00 r, NOVEMBER ! 9, 1943 "It by liberty el the press, we understand merely the.liberty ot discussing the propriety o[ public :neasures and political opinions, let us have as much o[ it as you please; but if it means the liberty el af- tronting, calumniating and de[aming one another, I own myself willing to part with my share oI it when- ever our legislators shall please to alter the law; and shall cheerfull R consent to exchange my liberty of abusing others tor the livilege ol not being abused rnvselt."mFranklin. 'PISTOL-PACKIN' MAMMA' During the present tense days of turmoil and upheaval in the nation's life, a nonsensical popular song has boiled up to top, but, in the light of tragic conditions revealed as ex- isting among young girls, that song, "Pistol Packin' Mamma," looms wtih prophetic import. This is the fearsome conclusion that one reaches upon scanning figures released by J. Edgar Hoover of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the chil- dren's bureau of the labor department. The Hoover report, compiled from records obtained all over the country, discloses an increase of more than 55 per cent in the number of arrests of girls under 21 years of age. The cases of prostitution increased 64 per cent, other sex of- fenses 104 per cent, vagrancy 124 per cent, disorderly con- duct 69 per cent, and drunkenness close to 40 per cent. One of the alarming aspects of the report is the heavy increase in the number of girl cases involving crimes formerly restricted almost entirely to males. For example, there was an increase of more than 29 per cent of females charged with homicide, 27 per cent with larceny, 14 per cent assault2 land burglary, and 102 per cent disorderly conduct and vagrancy. The figures for crime among boys under 21 years old, while not as startling as those in thb case of girls, are none the less matter for grave concern also. For example, the FBI shows an increase of 17 per cent in cases of assault, I0 per cent in rape, 26 per cent in disorderly conduct, and 30 per cent in drunkenness. These figures give us an inkling of what we are to face within the next few years, unless some drastic steps are taken to curb juvenile delinquency. If boys and girls of 14, 15 and 16 years of age already are launched on the road to crime, what will they be within the next four or five years? Communities and the nation at large certainly have something to think about for the immediate future, and something to do if we are not to have another major crime wave of appalling extent. While it is quite true that the movies, current trashy, filthy literature and war conditions contribute much to this tragic situation, we can also very justly lay the blame on lack of re- 'Iigion with its ideals and principles and the restraining effects of a moral code and a trained conscience. Topping all this, we repeat, is the criminal negligence of parents, who fail dis- mally in properly rearing their children, parents who dedicate more time to their own amusement and indulgence than to the sacred duty they have to God and their children and their fellow men, of raising their offspring as God-fearing, up-right, decent boys and girls. We may laugh at the popular song, but we might as well face the fact, as proved by the FBI and the children's bureau statistics, that we are well on the way to developing female gangsterism and tigerish crime to an extent never before con- ceived even by the most fantastic-minded pulp-magazine writers. Demoralizing movies, indecent literature, negligent parents and a godless education have done their job well, tragically well. Now society suffers and must find ways and means to correct mistakes and counteract their criminal con- sequences. HOW TO BE A HERO 1 Purgatory must be crowded these days, what with the war going on, and starvation, and people meeting all sorts of violent deaths t There is a way of helping those poor soulsa way known as the heroic act of charity, h's simple. You know that al- most all our actions, if we do them for God, help reduce the temporal punishment attached to our sins. That is, when we die, we'll find that our stay in purgatory will be shorter be- cause, for instance, yesterday we gave a dime to a panhandler or Iecause we once kept our mouth shut when we were itching to lay into someoneIndulgences, prayers, penances, self-denials: all have that effect of shortening our purgatory. Well, we just renounce that "shortening-power" for life in favor of the poor souls. We're not getting any good out of it right now, because we're still on the road, so to speak; so we turn it over to people who can use it. We go further and dedicate all the prayers and Masses which may be offered for us after death; we dispose of them right now in favor of the poor souls. Mind you, we're not eliminating the merit we get from our good deeds; just the indulgences and that "shortening power." We're putting them out at interest. If we make this heroic act, we get a plenary indulgence for the dead every time we receive Holy Communion; another plenary indulgence every Monday if we visit a church, pray for the Holy Father, and hear Mass for the dead. Andlwe have the privilege of applying every indulgence to the poor souls. (A plenary indulgence frees a soul.) It doesn't seem so heroic, really, when you think, of what we get in return: a big increase in God's love; and much, much merit is better than freedom from the greatest pain in purgatory, because that pain would end sometime anyway, while the merit stays with us to our glory forever and ever. Why not be a hero? Think it over. You can make the heroic act at any time, anywhere, even by thought. It doesn't bind under sin, and you can take it back should your generosity wane. But remember what Our Lord said: "Give, and it shall be given to you; good measure pressed down, shaken together, running over, shall they pour into your lap. For ,with what measure you measure, it shall be measured unto you. J ENDANGERED TREASURES The apprehension expressed at the Vatican over the pos- sibilities of looting in Rome in the event of the city being en- gulfed in the fighting zone, focuses attention upon the great treasures of civilization and religion concentrated in the ]Joly City. But more than that, it directs attention to the great role that the Catholic Church has played in preserving for humanity and civilization the treasures of ancient learning and art. Within the Vatican library and other buildings of the Holy See are preserved the greatest examples of ancient and medieval civilization and culture, the most precious documents in the world, the greatest paintings and sculptures of all ages. In the city's churches, too, are countless precious examples of art, sculpture, architecture and painting. It is to the Catholic Church that we are indebted for the preservation of these treas- ures of civilization down almost a score of centuries. Well may we shudder at the possibility of vandalism and destruction af- ter the Church has so solicitously kept them for so long. Scholars, art lovers, architects, archeologists, artists and scien- tists are justifiably concerned. The Society For entered one of the sisterhoods of the islands not one failed to per- severe. On August 15th last The Propagation Bishop Sweeney officiated at the Of The Faith A Report On Hawaii In the far flung diocese of Honolulu, which extends from Midway to Christmas and Canton Islands, there are some eighty-six priests and nearly three hundred nuns at work. In the Hawaiian Islands proper there are forty- six parishes with one hundred churches, which means that many of the priests have four, five and six churches under their charge, necessitating much and very of- ten inconvenient travelling. Even with the privilege of celebrating three Masses there are still many districts which the priests can reach only at. rare intervals. Native Vocations Bishop Sweeney feels that one of ,the most urgent needs of his diocese is the formation of an in- digenous clergy. For this reason he has started a Junior Seminary where twenty-one students are enrolled. He has sent three boys from his diocese to the Juniorate at Los Altos and one is studying in the Major Seminary at Menlo Park, California. Up to the pres- ent time the priests of the Bel- gian Province of the Sacred Hearts Fathers, aided by the Maryknoll Fathers, have supplied the man- power to staff the missions of Hawaii. Now, with the war, there is little hope for recruits from that community from Belgium. There have been Vocations among the women of Hawaii and in this regard His Excellency gives high praise to their con- stancy to the religious life. Of the fifty-three young women who golden jubilee of one of Hawaii's own daughters who had spent fifty years as a nun. The Reward For The Lepers Shortly after his arrival in Hawaii Bishop Sweeney went to the leper colony at Molokai for a visitation. "I expected," he S " " ' " rod, to fred desolatmn and sor- row, with resentment for the in- t'liction of this dread disease. In- stead I found resignation and a peace which seems to be God's sp#cial gift to make up for the uffering endured. I will never forget the singing of the lepers during Mass and Confirmation. Later during a visitation to the bed-ridden patients I found this same spirit of peace evidenced. There are four Brothers of the Sacred Hearts and twelve Fran- ciscan Sisters out at Molokai, car- ing for the lepers, together with the chaplain, Father Peter d'Or- gevaL "The latter is a rare soul," stated tits Excellency "the ideal type to work among these af- flicted people. Since his coming to the colony not one Catholic lep- er has died without his ministra- tions. If there is the slightest danger of death this good priest remains at the bedside, day and night for hours on end. He is of the most lovable characters I have ever met." His Excellency reiterated his admiration for the Sisters who work in the colony. To the casual visitor who goes to Molokai there is always the thought, "I am just passing through and will be out in a few hours". But for these women there is the certainty that theirs is a life assignment. "They ,ee PROPAGATION on page 5 Q UE: TION B OX Notice--It is important that all questions be signed with the sender's name and COMPLETE address (not initials): otherwise the questions will not be answered. No names are ever published. Questions which ask for private answer must be accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelope. We invite only honest and worthwhile questions, Was The Original Sin Of Adam Against Chastity As/Heard? Since Adam was in a state of primitive justice, with his lower nature completely controlled by his intellect and will, he could not possibly have given way to any form of concupiscence. The only sin possible to Adam before the fall was an intellectual sin, and the Church has always taught his sin was one of grave disobedience Rural Catholic Commi of the South j by Rev. Anthony C. S. Sp. Earth's Laboratory Earth's Laboratory is the! fascinating work shop rooted in pride. By this sin, he original justice and henceforth be- came subject to concupiscence and capable of sins of the flesh. It was after eating the forbidden fruit that Adam and Eve "pre- ceived or realized themselves to be naked" (Genesis III, 7), and for the first time experienced the effects of concupiscence. St. Paul, comparing the first and second Adam, says: "For as by the obedience of one many were made sinners so also by the obedience of one many shall be made just." (Romans, 5, 19). What Is the stand of the Church on Black Magic Voodoo, mental and physical projections, concen- trating their mind destrictlvely on certain parts of the body? Also spiritualistic activities? A Catholic who knows only the rudiments of his faith recognizes that these practices are forbidden by the Church. What is known as Black Magic is a mortal sin against the virtue of religion and is an immoral attempt to work miracles by the power of the devil. An action is called mag- ical when an inadequate and in- sufficient cause is expected to produce a higher effect; when what is material or created is re- garded as the cause of something spiritual or divine. The Holy Of- fice has issued at least five de- crees during the past century for- bidding Catholics to have any part in spiritistic communications and manifestations of every kind. These symbols of spiritism which you cite are pagan necromancy in the modern form. It is very specifically condemned by the law of Moses. Spiritism is a pa- gan superstition which denies every dogma of the Christian Gos- pel in the name of an imagined communion with the dead. It is a cruel parody on the Commun- ion of Saints. Apart from fraud, which is seldom absent, we may explain the various phenomena by the unconscious influence ex- ervised over those who take part, or by diabolism. The evil spirits use these spiritic mediums as means to undermine the morals or destroy the faith of the curious and unthinki..,.,a Is is correct that marriage when entered upon for any other pur- pose than that of procreation Is not a valid and lawful union? This statement is not correct, and to remove the confusion of mind which is cbmplied, we re- peat the following principles: (1) Marriage is defined as the lawful contract between man and woman by which they give and accept "the exclusive and per- - petual right to those mutual bodily functions which are generally apt to generate offsprings." (Fr. H. Davis, S.J.) Thus the primary object of marriage is the procrea- tion and subsequent education of the children. The secondary is mutual .support and companion- ship together with the appeasing of the concupiscence. (2) Positive exclusion of the primary ead of marriage, or even total ignorance of the same, would make the contract null and void. If, however, the marriage be en- tered upon for the secondary ob- ject (as in the case of elderly people who desire companionship) such a contract is both valid and lawful, provided that primary ob- ject is not positively excluded. lost the privilege of his state of world. Transformation and is constantly taking place Is It true that all graces and soil. When soil has lain favors given to men must pass less undisturbed for a long through the hands of the Blessed it acquires a top layer Mother? which usually is darker than Not in the sense that the Blessed Virgin can do anything of herself or has absolute control over the graces that Almighty God con- fers upon His children. The fol- lowing explanation from the Man- ual of Catholic Theology covers your question: "The association of the Mother of Jesus with her Son in acquiring the redeeming merits, is maintained in their dis- tribution, and is of the same na- ture, viz.what Christ effects by His own authority and power, Mary obtains by intercession and prayer. She, of all human per- sons the most excellent and the nearest to God, the organ of the Holy Ghost and the Mother of the Church, received at the foot of the Cross the fulness of salva- tion in the name of mankind. In the Apostle St. John she beholds the spiritual sons committed to her motherly care; in the upper chamber she sat and prayed with the Princes of the infant Church; in Heaven she reigns Queen all powerful because her prayer knows no refusal. May we not say with some theologians that God grants no grace except on the intercession of Mary. Itwould certainly be an anomaly in the divine dispensation if a work be- gun and crried on with the co- operation of the Virgin Mother was concluded without her" 'The gifts of God are without repen- tance.' we must, however, be careful to fix accurately the sense of our statement. It does not im- ply that we can obtain no grace except by expressly and explicitly praying for it to Mary, nor that her intercession is always re- quired in order to dispose her Son in our favor." Will you please explain why some one who tS a Catholic, went to Catholic high school and grade school cannot be a sponsor at a Catholic baptism of one of her relatives? A priest refused this party because she was married outside the Church. One of the requirements for lawful sponsorship is that the parties be free from excommuni- cation resulting from some ser- ious crime. If such a person had never been reconciled and the at- tempted marriage remained in- valid, she could not act as sponsor at a Catholic Baptism, because of the excommunication incurred in such an act either by Diocesan or Canon Law. Is it wrong to have your palm read and believe what is pre- dieted? Palmistry is just another form of absurd fortune-telling, whieh is an attempt to discover hidden or future events by means of things that are not in themselves .calculated to reveal them. This is forbidden and sinful, a sin again the first commandment. If I have a good intention and intend to do some good work, but circumstances come up that pre- vent me from carrying it out, do I get any merit for my intention or is it lost? God rewards our good inten- tions and our desire to serve Him and please Him, even when our works are not successful. Any act of the will for good is not lost, ht will merit reward from God. below. It is crumbly and quently of finer texture spaces between tiny rock are filled with humus made cumulated decayed animal matter. Within the earthworms are doing a fine of stirring the soil and it porous and in good There are countless other and insects, some of beneficial and some plant growth. If you dig into mellow some spring day you are bring about a cataclysm to small earth folk. Ants will! ry about in wild dismay, a might be dispossessed of walled burrow. grub worm might be to be an early victim to a robin perched on a tree. is the home of a large l Mother Nature's children. at work but unseen are tl teria. Leguminous plants soil builders keep the soil dition. Vetch, crotalaria, beans, alfalfa and the laboratories of the earth putting into the soil what it for plant growth. If you pulled the roots of plants, you have noticed beadlike knots on them. are called nodules and these little chemists are at work ing nitrogen out of the air making it available for us plant food. The little insects and in the earth, and the bring about a chemical c the soil and has a queer plant production. Indeed laboratory is a most and fascinating workshop the wonders of nature are at work for man. :' Water coming from the very important and the soil and has a queer acting when it gets into Some of it evaporates into but a part of it goes down the subsoil pulled by finding sandy streaks there  through which to run it reaches some hard layer. it gathers and forms veins may be tapped for well The drama continues. The terious process goes on Soil may seem dead, but it traordinarily alive. It is vitality. It is an immense age battery of power. there could be no citi ple, no glory of flower, or fields or grass or grain. a source of ever continuing Learning to live with to love it, to know it, forth vigorous vitality in from their dynamic power forth the finer spiritual tellectual qualities of our Tim life lines of culture go far out into the fields, meadows, forests ing lands. Our great cities a constant strong and sion from the soil. Soil is portant thing and be taken care of, for it to our nation. ' , , , , , , , , ; ,=r, , , , * The Song of BernadettS * Order your copy of * this best seller * direct from The * Guardian * Price ........................ *** *****,** *** The Song of Bernadette -:- o""': Book-of-the-Month .. ;:; .... Ye dean knelt... The Bouhouhorts child sat in St. P, eter's ('OMMONLY death extinguishes a human face in the twlnldlng of an eye. But death illuminated the face of Bernadette Soublrous. At the ver moment of her last breath's ceasing her countenance assumed the aspect of the ecstasies, as though through all the sights and thinks of the world she had remained bound to the lady of her vision. Dean Marie Dominique Peyramale knelt near "the deathbed without motion. To his owu surprise he heard himself whispering: "Your life begins, O Bernadette." The huge man arose. With a last look and a last sign of the cross he said farewell to Bernadette and turned and went. One year followed another and at last came "1933 and the greatest of all days in Bernadette's honor. The day The crowd carried him aloha... centered, however, notin her blood relations but in the first born of the miracle, the Bouhouhorts child. Now 77 years old, he was t'o share the Joy of that great celebra- tion In which Plus XI was to enroll little Bernadette Soublrous in the calendar of saints. And so the Bouhouhorts child sat in the midst of dig- nitaries in Saint Peter's in Rome and blinked shyly as the silver trumpets sounded and he magnificent ceremony moved to its climax. "We declare and render decision that the blessed Marie Bernarde Soubirous is a saint..." This was the formula. Scarcely had it been spoken when the thousands of voices were raised in the Te Deum to the accompaniment of pealing trumpets and the deep thunder of Saint Peter's chimes. .:. BY FRANZ WE ILLUSTRATIONS BY HAROLD ,4 gladness was in his head When the ceremony was over, the aged child let himself be carried along by the crowd out of the cathedral. The old man sat cafe table and blinked up at the great clear sky His lips whispered one Ave after another while to master his weariness. His smiling small eyes the lively traffic In the street. Motor-cars flitted ice-cream man rang his.bell. Under the heaven of where the saints were gathered to welcome their comrade, flew a military plane. After the fortieth smiling old eyes began to grow heavier and during the fiftieth theBouhuhorts child fell asleeP' great gladness was In his heart the while he slept': (The end) Drawings copyright, 1943, by King Features Syndicate, Inc. Text copyright, 1942, by The Viking ]Press, In. Distributed by King Features Syndicate In co-operation with the Book-of-the-Month 01@!