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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
November 14, 1969     Arkansas Catholic
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November 14, 1969

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THE GUARDIAN, NOVEMBER 14, 1969 PAGE 5 The Question Box By Rev. Msgr. John E. Murphy, S.T.D. Director, Diocesan Department of Education 2500 North Tyler Street, Little Rock, Ark. How does the priesthood in the sacrament of Holy differ from the priesthood laity? The priesthood received Orders, the "ministerial differs from the of the laity in essence' in degree. Holy Orders the priest powers to confect and Blood of Christ, to sins, and to administer Sacraments. Priesthood of the laity is, real, not ornamental. A in general, is one who power to perform sacred , Particularly acts of sacri- The Christian receives that la Baptism, is strengthened Confirmation, and is vi- In it by Communion. in the words of Vati- can II (Dogmatic Constitution on the Church, N. 10) "are conse- crated into a spiritual house and a holy priesthood." They present Questions for this column should be addressed directly to The Rev. Msgr. John E. Murphy, Diocesan Direc- tor of Education, 2500 North Tyler Street, Little Rock, Ark., 72207. Each question mst be signed with the name and address of the person submitting it. Un- signed questions will be ignored. themselves as a living sacrifice to God and bear witness to Christ. By causing Mass to be offered, and participating in it, they have a part in the sacrifice of Christ. In the passage noted, Vatican II makes this comparison between the common priesthood of the faith- ful and the ministerial priesthood of those in Holy Orders: "Each of them in its own special way is a participation in the one priest- hood of Christ. The ministerial priest, by the sacred power he enjoys, molds and rules the priest- ly people. Acting in the person of Christ, he brings about the Eucharistic Sacrifice, and of- fers it to God in the name of all the people. For their part, the faithful join in the offering of the Eucharist by virtue of their royal priesthood. They likewise exercise that priesthood by re- ceiving the sacraments, by prayer and thanksgiving, by the witness of a holy life, andby self-denial and active charity." STRAN_GE BU.T TRu E Lit-tl'-Known 'act$ For Cat'hoi; By M. |. MURRAY COpyright, :1969, N.C.W.C. NeWS Sen,lee RGARDED RIGHT REVEREND EDWARD T. O'MEARA NATIONAL DIRECTOR Most Unlikely Places hundred miles by helicopter, then 75 miles by motorboat -- lone priest, on one sick call. Where was this amazing trip? The of Africa? The remotest villages of India? No[ This apostolic was taken by one of the three missionary priests In Greenland! ever thought of Greenland as mission territory? Probably is a fact that out of a population of 40,000, there are only 58 mission to Greenland is unique. There is only one Catholic and three missionaries for the entire country--840,000 miles. Located at Godthaab, this church serves a congregation Catholics -- the other 33 members of the flock live up to 400 great distances and the difficult travelling conditions make it for the priests to visit these people more than twice a Last year one of the missionaries made a 48 day boat trip storms and pack ice, to the southern tip of the country, in order oe Catholic baby! country is virtually 100 per cent Lutheran. Thanks to coura- Lutheran missionaries, Christianity was brought back to Green- 17.1 after several centuries of religious clashes. It was not 1953, however, that full religious freedom was granted. do the priests look upon their mission in this ecumenical age? of them writes: "We feel that something is missing when people born into one religion -- as when people are Catholics or s or Buddhists just because everybody else is. And so in this we want to help people make their religious conviction a mat- of choice. We want to make it possible for a native to become a Catholic, if he so wishes." all missionaries, these three priests are faced with a tremendous And like all missionaries, they need your continued support if efforts are to bear fruit. Society for the Propagation of the Faith is involved in a world- raissionary effort. It helps maintain countless missionaries the world. But we cannot help unless you do! Just $1.00 Provide enough food, clothing and shelter to support a missionary day. Can you sacrifice that much or more to help a missionary mankind? Send your gift today! and Service are the work of The Society for the Propa- of the Faith. Please cut out this column and send your ring to Right Reverend Edward T. O'Meara, National Director, Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. 10002, or directly to your Diocesan Director, Msgr. John M. Balm, 2415 North Tyler Little Rock, 72207. hE ....................................... bIESS ..................................... .STATE ....... ZIP ......... Q. -- Are the Catholic bride and groom bound to receive Holy Communion when their marriage is celebrated at a nuptial Mass? A. -- If the marriage takes place at a Nuptial Mass, Holy Communion should be received during the Mass, in accordance with prevailing liturgicalpractice. The obligation is not directly im- posed; and it could not be said to be binding in itself under pain of serious sin. Refusal to receive Holy Communion by one or other of the parties at a nuptial Mass might present an embarrassing situation, however. For Catholics who contract mar- riage, a sacrament is administered by each one to the other. Fruit- ful reception of the sacrament of Matrimony requires that the parties be in the state of grace. It is seriously sinful for a Cath- olic to receive the sacrament of Matrimony while conscious of the guilt of mortal sin. One who is properly disposed for receiving the sacrament of Matrimony is likewise properly disposed to re- ceive Holy Communion. The case of a Catholic who has apostasized from the faith, or who has abandoned the practice of his faith (and who is thus not properly disposed for receiv- ing either the sacrament of Matri- mony or Holy Communion) should be referred for final decision to the bishop of the diocese. Q. -- Didn't the Buddhists have the Rosary long before Catholics? A. -- The Buddhists have had a system of keeping track of pray- ers by means of beads; but this is not the Rosary, which is a distinctly Catholic devotion, -- even though some of its mechanical features may have been suggested by other religions. The practice of using objects as a help to memory in reciting a certain number of prayers has existed in the Church since at least the fifth century. But we do not find the practice of saying 150 Hail Marys and 15 Our Fathers on beads (as in the modern Ro- sary) until the time of St. Dom- inic, in the 13th century. Medita- tion on the mysteries was not introduced until much later than the time of St. Dominic (specif- ically, in the 15th century.) As Result of Synod Closer Communion Of Faithful Seen iL.,y Pope Vatican City (NC) -- Pope Paul VI has recommended that Cath- olics think about the meaning of "communion" among the faithful as one of the most significant concepts to arise from the dis- cussions of the second Synod of Bishops. Pope Paul, speaking to his first general audience since the close of the synod, said the work of those meetings on the subject of collegiality must bring about "a closer, more aware andmore active communion." The Pope then went on to define the term "communion". He said: "It means more than a com- munity, which has a social ex- terior, it means more than an assembly, more than society, more than family and more than any form of human solidarity or collectivity. It means the Church, that is, humanity animated by an interior principle, and this prin- ciple is not only sentimental or ideal or cultural, but it is mystic and real, animated, that is, by the vivifying Spirit. The spirit of Christ, by His grace andHischar- ity. There is a double effect from this which distinguishes those who live this sanctifying principle with an original style of thought and of morals, whom we callChristians, and which they embody in a social, visible and ordered body which we call the Church." The Pope said that if "we wish to review the life of the Church in communion, we must have the greatest concern toestabllshwtth- in ourselves a personal and sup- ernatural communion with Christ, nourished by lively love, animated by grace and by interior conver- sation with Him who is present within us. It is not for nothing that Catholic piety calls 'Com- munion' the reception of the Euch- arist and (ledicates to this en- counter, which is so simple and ineffable, some moments of si- lence, of recollection, of interior listening and of incomparable con- solation." Pacific Islands Get Coadjutor Bishop Washington (NC) -- Pope Paul Vl has appointed Father Martin J. Neylon, S.J., a native of Buffalo, N.Y., to be titular bishop of Q. -- Is there any reason why God allows miracles to happen in Europe and not in America? A. -- None at all; and there have been well authenticated mir- aculous cures that have taken place in the U.S., and have been used in evidence for the canoniza- tion of saints. This country has no shrine like that of Lourdes or Fatima (or even Ste. Anne de Baupre in Canada or Guad- alupe in Mexico) that has a re- putation for miracle-working and in which alleged miracles are subjected to examination. But there can be no doubt that God, Who works where He wills, for rea- sons not accessible to men, does miracles also in our own land. Libertina and coadjutor with the right of succession to Bishop Vin- cent Kermaily, S.J., vicar apostolic of the Caroline-Marshall Islands. The appointment was announced here by Archbishop Luigi Raimon- di, Apostolic Delegate in the United States. Bishop-elect Neylon was bornin Buffalo, Feb. 13, 1970, the son of the late Martin F. and Delia (Breen) Neylon. He attended Woodstock College, Maryland. He was or- dained at Woodstock College, June 18, 1950: He taught at Regis High School, New York, from 1952 to 1954; served as a secretary In the curia of the Jesuit Father General in Rome in 1954-55; was master of novices at St. Andrew-on-Hudson from 1954 to 1967; was chaplain at the Kwajalein Missile Range, Marshall Islands, 196%68, andhas been director of the St. Ignatius Loyola Residence, Guam, since 1968.