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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
November 12, 1927     Arkansas Catholic
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November 12, 1927

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Pt e Two THE GUARDIAN, NOVEMBER 12, 1927 ,%] Publi.hed Weekly J CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY l~ C ATH( I|C ,NTERNATI NAL LWF Civilization And of the Diocese of Little Rock [| x_~J_XXx_1.a.Jxx_~kj xx ~ x ~J- xv. ~.L~J_ x J ~ ~#- ~ 1_07 W E-S~T---S E-CO--N D- -S~T~ R- -E --ETa-- i ---~-- --~--- [ ID 1 IT . class *ter Ma*ch 'l at the po tof,ice * * rostereo use It~-~T'*~$~ _~'~" -Ark.........under tl Act__of Congress.......... or MarchS. S79. ! By Monsignor Ignatius Seip el, Io 13J 8UBSORIPTION PRICE $2 00 THE YEAR ~ ,, ,, .....CHANt .................. ~1] OF ADDRESS----~-----~ !i Chancellor of Austria, written for the Cathohc Mind. t.AI ll L[lrCLl J[ Wb4m a elegize of addr~s is desired the subscriber should ttiva ~tlh tim aid and the new address. CORRESPONDENCE (Continued from Last Week.) l~at~r intended for publicati~,n in The Guardian should reach uBIV. ea~ h~ than Wednesday moiling. Brief news correspondence is ~w$.lrs wet@ome. The kindness of the clergy in this matter is cer- International Thought. fmtn~y aplDreet~ted. ~. GEO. H. M~DERMOTT .................................... Managing Editor It" at the end of the last century Catholics All ootamuntcatfons abl,ut "The Gnardlan" shouhl be addressed ~o] had still made one stepfurther, if they had tJ',~ Rev. t~. H. McDer1~ott 807 West Second Street. [ i brought the same ardor the theoretical and ~'b~ ~mu'di~n is the officiaIOFFICIALorganORGANof the Diocese of Little Rock,]~ practical study of international problems that ~d I ~ray God that it may be an earnest champion of the can~e of] they showed towa rds the study of social ques- t~tt~ ~ttbe and truth and an ardent defender of the religion which [ ~ I~ve ~c well. I extend to it my ~lessJng with the sincere hope mar be and prosp ....... tions, it is probable that the present moment JNO. B. MORRIS, I Bishop of Little Rock. NOVEMBER 12, ].927 I would be better for the world. Then God would not have been obliged to have recourse to scourges and cataclysms to bring to greater un- derstanding those men who were unwilling to look beyond their own horizon. This new scourge was the scourge of the World War. Twenty-third Sunday after Pentecost. l God permitted that it should burst forth in order o hasten our march forward and upward, to- Vigils originally were the watches kept on wards the accomplishment of the Christian mis- the night before a feast, and then, from the eleventh or twelfth century, the days and the sion, which is to conquer for Christianity all the nights preceding feasts, domains of life. There is a social question 0 The term neophyte was applied in the primi- tive Church to converts newly baptized. They were dressed in whi e garments, and continued to wear them for eight days after their bap- tism. O The regular celebration of early Mass in the unich Central railroad station has been in- stituted for the benefit of traveling Catholics, and during the past year, 172 Masses have been said there, with an estimated attendance of 29,743 persons, 1,734 of whom received Holy Communion. 0 Pictures and statues of the Sacred Heart are be found not only in the executive mansion of the President of Columbia but in all military baracks. The country is now intensely Catholic, and all the princi pal officials of the Government practice their religion edifyingly. tn the Republic at present there are about 300 Catholic missionaries, half of whom are Spaniards. .0 THE RED CROSS ROLL CALL There are certain things in the life of'the country which in time of prosperity and content- ment we are likely to ignore but whose name in time of disaster and difficulty become our great- est and only hope, such is the American Red Cross. When times are good, as they are today, when there is no visible, grinning horror at our doors it behooves us all to remember April, 1927, when the State of Arkansas was as a #ch-ing paralyzed by raging water and every river valley was a stage clouded with uncertainty :and, in a disastrously large number of cases, with the ghastly effect of a flood, in that hour the American Red Cross took hold of and dealt with a problem would have been unsolv- able to us surrounded as we were by water, cut .off from communication and isolated from any opportunity of helping those whose very lives were .in peril. This week the Red Cross is opening its an- nual roll call and in this State the response ..should be unanimous and there is not one of us whom the Red Cross did not help, at least indirectly and there are tremendous numbers whose very lives were sustained through the generous efficiency of this organization. The history of the American Red Cross is a story of the woes of civilization and while] there are doubtlessly critics of this great or-] ganization, even they, should remember thatI the Red Cross did and is capable of doing what] no other organization in the world would do efficiently, that is: to care for the helpless and bewildered, to feed and clothe the hungry and nake*d. They did this in Arkansas last year and did it well, and in doing it they undoubtedly saved countless lives and helped unnumbered fgmilies and people to reach economic efficiency ,again. And if it had not been for the Red Cross these same people, these families, would have been hopeless and driven to desperation. its history the AmeriCan Red Cross has never failed to answer an appeal in time of calamity. They are now asking us to help them to prepare for the problems and difficulties that are yet to come. Let us do our part! F. "0" WHOSE RELIGIONt IS "FOREIGN?" Among the thousands of Protestants who listen to the weekly "Bible Talks" broadcast over the radio in the eastern section of the United States there are doubtless many who tax their Catholi fello, w citizens with adherence to a "foreign C ch. If some of these Protestant critics had tt ught as well a,; listened a few evenings ago, they must have questioned their consistency. This Bible talker, in the course of his ad- which concerns only the interior life of nations but their collective life. The movement of our times raises new problems with a rapidity which previous centuries did not know. So grain of mustard seed rapidly develops the essential principles of Christian morality. In point of fact, even in this territory heretofore unexplored, it has become a splendid tree. We could almost believe that there is now no further questions which men have not discussed under the shade of this tree. But this is not probable. There exists still other territories which Christ- tan morality must conquer even if we do not yet know them. Our predecessors centuries ago did not imagine that Catholicism could apply itself to the study of international life. We ourselves in our surprise see that there is no question of anything else but gradually developing this grain of mustard seed long since entrusted to the Apostles. But do not let us deceive our- selves as to what is required in order to com- plete this knowledge. Let us be well persuaded that it should lead to action. We should not feel ourselves satisfieA if we have gathered gether a little group of people who understand the progress of the times. We should get to work with the utmost determination to find the solution. For so great is the complexity of these questions that if they are not solved by us as they should be humanity will be crushed. This problem of oursJs much more complex arid diffi- cult than the social problem, just as this is much wider than any question of personal morality. Faults in this domain of the life of peoples, that is, sins in the matter of international life, are punished even in this world in a surer and a more terrible fashion than are the sins of the individual in his personal life. Obstacles Met With. Let ug make the resolution to occupy our- selves from the Catholic point of view with these capital questions in spite of the fact that dress, recounted for his hearers the names of certain "apostles of Christianity." Of course, no Catholic was mentioned. In his list, however, were Huss, a Bohemian, Luther, a German, Cal- vin, a Frenchman, Knox, a Scotchman, and the Wesleys, Englishmen. Bluff King Hal, who had a strong claim to mention, was omitted from the catalogue. Now, it is frond one or another--or from a medley of all -the false teachings of these "foreigners" that American Protestants derive their multifarious religions. Only a few in- digenous sects can be enumerated--the Campel- lites, the Mormons, and the Christian Scientists among them---and these are recrudescences of earlier heresies suite as exotic as the rest. Not only were these founders of Protestantism alien to America, but the religions they invented with the civil governments under which they had their beginnings. Most of them came to this continent as the beliefs of subjects of European monarchies--England, Holland and Sweden--- and changed their allegiance as often as they changed their sovereigns. The Catholic Church is not a national Church in the United States or elsewhere, and she is a foreign Church nowhere. Her founder was a Jew in His humanity, but as God He is the Creator, Lord and Soviour of all mankind. He established but on Church for the salvation of all His children, of whatever race or nation. The rulers and the members of the Catholic Church may be of this country or that, but the truths which they hold are not for a giv.en age or a particular people, but universal and eternal. Protestants cannot boast that theirs is a religion of a given time, or section, or nation without confessing in the same breath that at some period, or in some place of its existence it is "foreign" to the rest and therefore false to all; for no religion which is local or ephemeral can be that which Christ commanded His Apostles to teach "all nations .... even o,the consumma- tion of the world." we have to meet with some obstacles. ,These obstacles I have already indicated to some extent. The first is this: we have behind' us more than two centuries in the course of which we have lost the habit of thinking of such questions, imagining that this necessary knowledge would be given to us like a dream;] centuries in the course of which one could de-1 clare that one should not even touch such things. We should react against this habit. But and this is the second obstacle it is so difficult work in this new field which Christian morality now opens before us! There are so few models before us; none at all in the centuries which have preceded us! Really if I think of the manuals of Catholic morals which were used a century or two ago and which are still in use, what does one find? Nothing but works treating of individual morality, where the duties of judges, of subjects or of authority are spoken of the conclusion of the same appendix; three or four pages or hardly any more in works of three or four volumes. Thus it can only be an uncomfortable task to cover a new territory with new structures. Where can we find examples? And his is third obstacle--there is also this drawback that in concerning oneself with these questions one finds oneself in bad com- pany. One has to read works written by minds of an entirely different philosophy; one has to, take part in congresses which to say the least are suspected of serving other powers than the Catholic Church "and Christian morals..4/11 these reasons accentuate this grave danger of keep- ing our studies in our private room or in the narrow circle of people who think as we do. 'And so we fail to give a powerful active value !to the Catholic principles of international life. .... Another Danger. danger. We have to fear that Catholics who understand the progress of our times and wish to follow it as they should shall simply run behind others who have been the first on the scene : that they repeat what others have already said and content themselves with adding Christian arguments as a sort of orna- ment. A grave error! We should not cease to dig until we have found the little seed which Christ gave to His Apostles. We should exercise our eyes to distinguish in this mustard seed the true principles of development and thus to erect the well-organized structure of Christian teaching about international life. This is also the means to make Catholicism prevail above every other doctrine. No matter by what prejudices they may be bound, our adversaries should nevertheless understand what new truths, what practical help we bring them from this Catholic world which was completely for- eign them. (THE END) itoriol Broadcasts NEVER LOSE A FRIEND We should never let a friend go out of our lives if we can by any possibility hold it. If mis- understandings arise, let them be quickly set aright. Friendship is a too rare and sacred treasure to be thrown away lightly. And yet many people are not careful to retain friends. Some lose them through inattention, failing to maintain those little amenities, courtesies, kind- nesses which cost so little and yet are hooks of steel to grapple and hold our friends.The Pilot, Boston. LIKES AND DISLIKES The old-time Puritans had some quaint rules for the selection of a wife.: Whether a paragon who fulfilled all the requirements without modi- fication of any sort was ever found, history, unfortunately, does not reveal. Here are the rules. After looking them over it will be' advisable to forget them--to avoid domestic insurrections. "A good wife should be like three things, which three things should not be like. She should be like a snail, to keep within her house; but should not be like a snail, to carry all sloe has on her back. She shohld be like an echo, to answer when she is called ; but she should not be like an echo, always to have the last word. She should be like a town clock, always keeping time with regularity; but she Should not be like a town clock, speaking so loud as to be heard over all the town." , No wonder those Puritans habitually wore such a disappointed look! ---Southwestern Messenger. By Rt. Rev. Hugh T. Henry, (Written for N. C. W. C. Editorial Concretely, the Church Arts arts virtually created or in some stimulated and idealized by their in the Catholic temples as deserved] sidered as owing their creation to the Church. Architecture, painting, music, are in one historical sense yet became revived and retrieved worthy uses by their employment in of our faith. But the less conspicuous, the less wonderful rninor arts of tapestry, wood-carving, artistically glass and iron, the illumination and chirography of missals and office-b0 the like, found their constant Church. The subject is vast enough for a of books rather than for a some restricted paper such as the present not only vast but complex as well. Chesterton remarks in his Orthodoxy one asked an ordinary intelligent spur of the moment, 'Why do you zation to savagery?' he would look wil at object after object, and would only to answer vaguely, 'Why, there is that . . . and the coals in the coal-scuttle pianos.., and policemen.' The whole it is complex. It has done so many that very multiplicity of proof which make reply overwhelming makes sible." Influence of Cathedralt The whole case for the civilized Church Art is that the case for it ist For that Art, or those arts, have thing. . The so-called Gothic ed by the Church has done many civilization. Andrew Lang noted the and Christianizing power of the drals on the uneducated peasantry oft that either worshipped within their merely passed by their portals to tasks. The sculptured images on taught them both Scriptural history conscious but gradual refinement. The glasses within the temples taught tions towards heavenly things. For ples were Bibles in stone and glasS. nobly developed a like theme in his Amiens." In his Cathedral, James Lowell Confesses himself overwhelmed spiritual intimations he found in the ture, the sculpture and the "painted of the cathedral of Chartres, and inc.1 mental picture the uplifting organ-music that "blew a dreRm through the fretted arches of the ro could multiply almost indefinitely monies from non-Catholics to the elevating character of the'Church artS. Need of Refinement Show Macaulay implicitly warned spending more time in illustrating a thoughtful men would take in paradox. That the Fine Arts in i those lesser arts referred to above, : finement upon the countries and cultivated such arts might well seeV truism. And yet one most notably inventor in our own day has would not give five cents for all pieces of painting in the world. He think that the Fine Arts merely amuse antly entertain only a small section lation, and that the energies' are the! that could better be employed bridges and railroads and certainly it is that the major porti population nowadays seem to fights, wrestling matches, baseball and basketball a/ d golf and speak of the grosser delights of the restaurant to all the civilizing mankind has invented. On the other hand, Shakespeare in the person of Hamlet, that thousaV groundlings applaud what only makes cious grieve, and that the judgment of is.worth a theatre full of others. would appear that the nobler think modern civilization make a big tween the Fine Arts and the other give some of us pleasure. States grant.immunity from taxation to art whilst sometimes liberally taining them as parallel agencies and colleges and universities for lightenment and uplifting cultu re. (To Be Continued Next