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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
November 7, 1969     Arkansas Catholic
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November 7, 1969

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THE GUARDIAN, NOVEMBER 7, 1969 PAGE 5 The Question Box By Rev. Msgr. John E. Murphy, S.T.D. Director, Diocesan Department of Education 2500 North Tyler Street, Little Rock, Ark. "" If a person writes a to the Pope, how much is thee that the Pope the letter himself?. " It could hardly be ex- that the Holy Father would read all the cortes- Which comes tohim from Dart of the world. The vat- of the Holy See are to take care of Pertaining to their re- competencies. Any piece which merits is referred to the ap- source, and will re- acknowledgment in due le Holy Father is in- n general way of the Which may be indicated dealing with related and of the contents and any item which would special consideration. What is the position of who is divorced and outside the Church? ch a one be permitted to the sacraments7 "" A Catholic who attempts remarriage after a civil divorce (from a valid spouse still living) has committed a serious sin. His sinful attitude continues as long as he remains, in the illicit marital association which has been en- tered into in Violation of the laws of God and the Church. He is thus Questions for this column should be addressed directly t o The Rev. Msgr. John E. Murphy, Diocesan Direc- tor of Education, 2500 North Tyler Street, Little Rock, Ark., 72207. Each question must be signed with the name and address of the person submitting it. Un- signed questions will be ignored. precluded from receiving the sac- rament of Penance, since he ob- viously lacks the dispositions of sorrow and purpose of amendment needed for the forgiveness of his sin. Not being able to obtain forgiveness of sin, he is forbidden to receive Holy Communion. One who finds himself in this unfortunate situation should seek the advice .ndhelp of a competent priest. The priest will explore the possible ways of dealing with the case. Nothing whatever can be done if the Catholic refuses to break away from illicit marital associa- tion with one to whom he is not lawfully married. The only pos- sible solutions lie in two direc- tions: validation of the marriage according to the law of the Church; or removal of the circumstances which make the marital associa- tion illicit. The priest who is consulted will consider everypar- ticular possible approach along these two directions, and advise the party accordingly. Q. -- Who was St. Malachy? A. -- St. Malachy (1094-I148) began his ecclesiastical career as a priest in Armagh, Ireland. He later became a Benedictine monk and was called to reform the monastery of Bengor, County Down. A short period as Bishop of Down and Connor came to an abrupt end under pressure of pow- erful opposition, but Malachy was later reinstated in his diocese. In 1132 he became bishop of Ar- magh. He is credited with intro- ducing the Roman liturgy into Ire- land. A "prophecy" attributed to Mal- achy designates the 111 successors of Pope Celestine II (elected 1134) by epithets which would describe their character or activity. This document is now known to be a 16th century forgery. Q. -- Some Protestants believe in the Real Presence only when the consecrated bread (or wine) is given to them. What answer can be given to such a teaching? A. -- Some Lutherans teach (or have taught) that Christ is really present only in the moment of re- ceiving the bread and wine. This doctrine was anathematized by the Council of Trent. If the sacred elements need to be consecrated at all, in order to make Christ's Body present (as these people admit), His real Presence does not depend on His being consumed. He is present as soon as the words of conse- cration are finished. There is no reason why this presence should be limited to a few minutes, or to one hour or so. Christ is present in the Species until they wholly lose the appearance of bread or wine. * ,/v "k SALVATION AND SERVICE ARE THE WORK OF SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE FAITH SEND YOUR GIFT TO Tke ltlght ReuGr#l Edward T. O'Mtara Tke Very ltetrrlmd Jokn M. Barm Notional Director Dtoces Director s6 fts Av,.e OR 2415 No. ttr str#,t New york, New york 10o01 Lttl Rock, Artnsas 72207 ZIP : Q. -- Am I permitted to donate my body after death to a medical school? I do want my body to receive the Anointing of the Sick, and I want Holy Viaticum. A. -- There is no natural ec- clesiastical law against willing one's body for medical research. Note, however, that the sacrament of Anointing is given to a person who is (at least probably) alive, not to a body. Regardless of the disposition of his remains, the Catholic should receive Viaticum and Last Anointing. TRANGE BUT TRU E Little'Known Facts for Catholics By M. J. MURRAY Copyright, 1969, N.C.W.C. Newl Service Back from 'Third World' Cardinal Leger Warns Of Impending (.'ok srrop ,e Montreal (NC) -- Paul-Emile Cardinal Leger returned here from his Third World mission post to accept a $50,000 award for his life of humanitarianism and to take part in a banquet featuring roast squab and vintage wine. When the dinner was over, the cardinal told the guests that more than "150,000,000 people have worms in their intestines." He spoke about the millions of persons with hollow eyes and swollen bellies who peer at the North American banquet table. To le ave the se people "in a state of frustration during the next 30 years is sure to provoke a catastrophe on a global scale," Cardinal Leger warned. The dilemma will not be re- solved, he said, "by exporting in a simple-minded way, a form of civilization called the 'Am- erican way of life.' " The Church, he explained, could only do so much, outlining the na- ture of the moral and intellectual climate in which man could de- velop. "But she has not received the mission of building . . . the city of tomorrow," Cardinal Leger said. "She does not ask her minis- ters to undertake the direction of a center comparable to that (of Mission Control) in Houston," he said in reference to the recent moon flight. "But she does have the duty to remind all men that the gigantic enterprise of de- veloping the Third World will never get off the ground if selfishness continues to build walls between peoples. "It is within this context that my vocation to life in the Third World must be understood," he continued. "I certainly did not go there to teach men how to ach- ieve success in an economic or technical way. "It is a cry for help that I raise, one which is directed to- ward young people.., my cry for help goes out to the young be- cause the road to be travelled is long, and the obstacles along the way are many and difficult." But first, he pointed out, the barricades within each person must be dismantled. "Let us not forget that many of these have been erected by the greed of the white man of the West: slavery, colonialism, apartheid, the desire for profit and over-weening conceit in the color of our skin," Cardinal Leger said. He listed five "realities" which must be confronted: poverty, hun- ger, sickness, the population ex- plosion, and the inability to develop resources as the popu- lation booms. Poverty is so extreme, he said, that 2,000,000,000 people have per capita incomes of less than $200 a year. Three out of every four persons are ravenous while Canada sits on a huge wheat sur- plus, he continued. In regard to widespread sick- ness, Cardinal Leger said "the Third World has become one gi- gantic hospital waiting room." He cited some of the drastic ill- nesses suffered by millions of persons. "After absorbing all these ideas and statistics, we get dizzy, like an alpine climber who on reaching the crest of a ridge is suddenly faced with an immense crevasse," Cardinal Leger said. "The dizziness is not caused, like the suspense in a horror film, by a camera -- but by the realities," he declared. The $50,000 humanitarian award was presented to Cardinal Leger by the Royal Bank. The prelate said the money will serve his Third World mission. He will keep a gold medal, also awarded, for himself. Cardinal Leger forsookhisCan- adian bishopric several months ago to work among African lep- ers.