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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
November 4, 1922     Arkansas Catholic
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November 4, 1922
 

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THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 1922. PAGE FIVE paralysis of ce00ain muscles and d,s- Women's Growth In Education articulation of the joints has compell- er NOTE edthethewheeldOctOrchair.tO direct his efforts from Lauded By Bishop Shannan, I00ides on Life of Study I Of ity Realizing that he could no longer I Rector Catholic Univers Monsignor Coghlan continue the general practice of medi- Church of Our Lady of on the occasion cine he decided to make a study in Development Unequaled in Modern ism. Think of a St. Francis of As- Times He Tells Catholic Alumnaem sisi, of St. Ignatius of Loyola, of St. of golden jubilee anesthesia and angalesia, branches of Moral Inheritance of Catholic Ages last Sunday, had guests present to tribute of love and honor. who took part in the a Were His Eminence Cardi- who, at the jubilee Monsignor Coghlan of activity in the Right Rev. Them- the Catholic Univer- the sermon at the Moore of Philadel- the jubilee dinner declar- Coghlan's influence throughout the state Monsignor Coghlan, a was seventy-five Fourth of July. B. Pittar, S. J., at the Jesuit Novitiate . Hudson after more than a year. He months in Georgetown being taken to New most dramatic stories and his years to the sick and dying is that which had to sick call which one night. It was after the summons came to ' A small boy had rung i given the porter the ad- Georgetown. Pittar to go said. "A sick man needs 'clock when Father Pit- house and he found it But the front door was and entering he per- the second floor. He the door was thrown with a pistol in his at the figure of the asked him who he he Wanted. Father Pit- he had come in re- call. Sick Call said the man, "and You. Who called you the boy as description of my boy Years ago," said the and his mother had and was plan lay own" life this very minutes I would have comforted the man in a hopeful mood. visited him regularly. a Convert "old gray horse" which he traveled was known from Ana- and every starting off, were a doctor making homes of the sick Many a home gifts from a hamper Father Pittar car- blizzard or storm for Father Pittar Was often said that :Stood for nights with tad one eye open, while disregarded union Was a convert. He sixty-five years the Episcopal faith of St. John's Col- as converted. Barclay, Society of St. come to Aries to the top of a recently dis= Lacaze-Duthiers, is "The Christian some figures a semicircular table, round loaves of incisions. To of bread and bearing a dish he personages is a dog is licking composition is said the verses in the Matthew and Saint to the conversation SYrian woman, It. McMechan, Erie, Ohio, a few of Cleveland and women in because they do they crave. now 44 years old :o a wheel chair for of an infection, he patient. diagnosed as ar- the medical and surgical profession which he felt had not kept pace with the progress in other lines of these callingSof a Medical Family Dr. McMechan was a graduate at 25 from the Ohio Medical College, Cin- I ! cinnati. His father and grandfather were also graduates in medicine from the same school. Dr. McMechan is also a graduate from St. Xavier college, Cincinnati. For some time he was able to do his own typewriting, but increas- ing paralysis of his arms and hands soon compelled him to turn this task over to his wife, and to her, Dr. Mc- I Mechan pays the beautiful tribute, '1 spoken with tears in his eyes that l "she has never made me feel that I [ was a burden to her."  Very Busy Despite H andicaps Despite his physical handicaps Dr. McMechan is usually in attendance at state and national medical gatherings. He is chairman of the research com- mittee of the National Anesthesia Re- search Society; secretary general of the Interstate Association of Anesthe- tists and nominee for the 1923 terns in this office. He is engaged to attend the joint convention of several groups of physicians who specialize in the study of anesthesia, in Columbus, O., October 30 and Nov. 1. On November 14th and 15th he will attend an or- ganization meeting of the southern association of anesthetists at Chatta- nooga, Tenn., and will read a paper. Irish.lavarian Dr. McMechan is of Bavarian an- cestry on his maternal side and of Irish on his paternal. "How could a man of such ancestry fail to overcome obstacles whatever they might be?" he asked during the recent convention of the Public Health Association in this city. "Too busy every day to worry about conditions as they are," is the philos- ophy of both the doctor and his wife. Devout in Faith Medical and general literature from all over the world engage their atten- tion, and a goodly number of hours each day is given to the reading, study and "hork. Devout members of their faith in every sense of the word, the doctor is the object of many ervent prayers for his recovery. Petitions are being offered daily by an aunt, a nun in the convent at Grosse Point, Mich. The case of Dr. McMechan is being studied not only by himself but by eminent physicians and surgeons. The doctor would like to effect a cure through his own treatment, he said, if that be God's will, and in bringing about his own release from the illness, he would seek to aid others similarly afflicted. G. K. Chesterton promises to be a prolific topic for Catholic writers. Father O'Keeffe, a Paulist, with a capacity for curious questions, is already contributing to the columns of "The Missionary" on "The Significance of Chesterton's Re- ligious Conversion," and "The Tablet" of London has this interesting com- ment in a recent issue: Mr. Chesterton has said his first public word as a Catholic to Catholic in Blackfriars for October, in which he has begun a series of short articles on "Where all Roads Lead." Charac- I teristically he opens with the remark : that while some years ago a convert was expected to give his reasons for joining the Catholic ChurclL he is to- day "really expected to give his rea- sons for not joining it. This may seem an exaggeration; but I believe it to stand for a subconscious truth in thousands of minds," so strong and all pervading is what Mr. Chcsterton calls "the challenge of the Church. I mean that the world has recently become aware of that challenge in a curious and ahnost creepy fashion .... The world has become conscious that it is not Catholic. Only lately it would i have been about as likely to brood on I the fact that it is not Confucian. And [ all the array of reasons for not join- I ing the Church of Rome marked but the beginning of the ultimate reason for joining it ..... That sort of pres- ence and pressure of the Church I be- lieve to be universal and Ubiquitous today; not only among Anglicans, but among Agnostics. I repeat that I do not mean that they have no real ob- jections; on the contrary, I mean that they have begun really to object; they have begun to kick and struggle." And this common consciousness of the chal- flenge of the Church Mr. Chesterton finds to be connected with something else that was the strongest of the in- tellectual forces that dragged him towards the truth: "not merely the survival of the faith, but the singular nature of his survival." Old religion, years old, as it may conventially be called, is not was old, but "a religion that refuses to bed. Since 1910 grow old.., a very young religion, (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Louisville, Ky., Oct. 30.The amaz- ing development of our Cathblic schools for women during the nine- Seenth century is an educational fact unequalled in modern times, according to the Right Rev. Thomas J. Shahan, rector of the Catholic University, who preached the sermon at the high mass celebrated in the Cathedral here yes- terday as part of the convention pro- Vincent of Paul, of a Saint Teresa, a Saint Catherine of Siena, a Saint Joan of Arc, to mention only a few of the good men and women whom the whole world reveres and admires, and who are nothing if not models of Catholic belief and life, and indeed of Catholic training. Catholic Sisterhoods "It is our Catholic teaching sister- hoods, who have kept alive this tre- mendous moral force of Catholic sanc- gram of the International Federation I tity. Their rules, their names, their of Catholic Alumnae. I dress, their admirable devotion to Bishop Shahan said in part: I their saintly founders or models, their "In you are visible the thousands of I reverence for the spirit and their daily good Catholic women who from the imitation of the Saints, have kept Atlantic to the Pacific devoted them- alive in our proud and materialistic selves in past time with incredible zeal and marvellous success to the proper training of mind and heart in the multitudes of young women who would otherwise have been lost to Catholic life and progress. Each one here present is spokesman for the en- tire range of accompl:shment, influ- ence, and success which can be fairly credited to the beloved home of good studies andgrcat virtues which she represents. "In each onc of you are depicted, so to speak, the zeal, constancy and de- votion, the industry, courage and en- ergy, the patience and hope, the faith and the love, ( which have honored these saintly communities of Ameri- can Catholic teaclmrs East and West, North and South, for the better part of two centuries. For a moment your persons fade away, to reveal these many points of light and sweetness, these eentres and sources of Catholic education of which our American Catholic womanhood is rightly proud, and to whose quiet but constant activ- ity it is owing that our American Catholic life has never wanted for highly educated wmnen, in great num- bers, a moral leadership at all times, deeply and widely felt in every neigh- borhood. Three Fountains of Catholic Life "Almost in this very city arose a century ago three of these rich foun- tains of the higher Catholic life, whose sweet )eaters have overflowed the en- tire nation, three institutions purely American in origin and nobly typical of the hundreds of similar institutions which have followed in the way point- ed out by the brave women who first] crossed the Alleghenies as heralds of] the new Ame:icau freedom and apes- I tles of the Cross and the Gospel. I Louisiana and Maryland offer a still I earlier devotion to the religious and l secular interests of Catholic girlhood. However, the various merits and ser- vices of these pioneers are lost in the amazing development of our Catholic schools for women during the nine- teenth century. This educational fact, truly unequalled in modern times, takes on a living and eloquent reality in your persons. You represent in a very striking way the wonderful pow- er of the Catholic Church to overcome' adverse circumstances and to mould the hearts of her children in the spirit and on the example of her Divine Founder. You represent indeed a cen- tury of education of our American Catholic womanldnd. But what does that stand for, and in what way has it affected our national life, chiefly in its moral, social and religious aspects ? The Bridge of Inheritance "This Catholic education is the bridge over which has come down to our youth the moral inheritance of so many ages of Catholic sanctity of life, of successful imitation of Jesus Christ. These holy men and women have been in several respects the most influential teachers of mankind. Think of the glorious martyrs who died that I religion might live, of the confessors I and virgins and widows who raised the I torch of truth and virtue during the obscure and perilous night of barbar- rather especially a religion of young men ...... It does not merely stand firm like an old guard; it has recap- tured the initiative and is conducting the counter-attack." So Mr. Chesterton goes on to the illustration of the special point of this first article, which has for its sub- title "The Youth of the Church." Bat as to the fundamental reason for a man's joining the Catholic Church he had already said a brief word which is doubtless autobiographical: "There are only two reasons that are really fundamental. One is that he believes it to be the solid objective truth, which is true whether he likes it or not, and the other, that he seeks lib- eration from his sins. If there be any man for whom these are not the main motives,  is idle to inquire what were his Philosophical or Historical or emo- nitial reasons for joining the old re- ligion; for he has not joined it at all." Illustrations of the truth of these words we have had in plenty. world tile duty and the meaning, the I lessons and the example of saintly and perfect lives, as the end and the justi- fication of the Gospel teachings, which tolerate no moderate and calculating religion. "Be you therefore perfect," says Our Lord, 'as also your Heavenly Father is perfect.' A Debt of Admiratioat "Nor should it be forgotten that our Catholic teaching communities were simultaneously burdened with works of material charity, hospitals, orphan- ages, refugees and homes of all kinds, nor that they heeded ever the call of the missions, foreign and domestic, nor that they followed as ministering angels the cruel progress of our wars nor that they bent themselves joy- fully to every task that ecclesiastical authority assigned them. In the hearts of this audience are laid up, officially as it were, the gratitude and the reverence of the American Catholic people for all our teaching comnmnities, great and small, young and old, 1)rosperous and struggling. They arc beyond the poor praise of words, but we can never be free from the debt of admiration, gratitude, and honor that they have imposed upon the Catholic Church in the United States. Zeal and Courage "What a vast field lies open for the zeal and the courage, the prudence and the constancy of this association! Not only education, but social selice, lit- erature, the press, the theatre, the arts, bespeak the attention and con- cern of all its members. Every ex- pression of life is now tainted by a destructive materialism, and an oaious paganism of thought reveals itself in the current concepts of the state and the child, of law and morality, of right and duty. The Conflict Ahead. "Our Catholic womanhood is facing on all sides a long and arduous con- flict for the preservation of great principles and truths which have hith- erto held together our civilization, but in our de-Christianized society can oe saved only by wgorous reaction, and by the co-ordination and cooperation of all the moral and social forces at our disposal. (atholic Womuahood'a Activities "The International Federation oi Catholic Alumnae is a clearing-house of zeal, good-will, knowledge and method in the widespread conflict be- tween our former Christian order of life and the new concepts of life as borrowed frmn a philosophy which equates man with the brute, puts out the lights of heaven, and reduces life to the wretched level of a savage con- flict for food and shelter between the cradle and the grave. The Federa- tion is the meeting place of all the higher activities of that Catholic wo- nmnhood which our educational instl- tutions have b.een training with such" marked success, and which has al- ready contributed so largely to the religious, moral and social progress of our country. Incalculable Service "We have every reason to believe that a great enlargement of these generous activities, more consciously coordinated and so directed as to com- bine at once their local and their gen- eral and collective influence, will ren- der an incalculable service to our holy religion and to that Christian civiliza- tion which has raised wmnankind to the highest level, and has opened to it the way of constant progress. "May Our Blessed Mother, the Seat of Wisdom, and the honor and glory of womankind, protect and guide this association of her - most devoted daughters, and sustain them by her powerful intercession in the holy war- fare on which they have entered for the preservation of all the ideals of Catholic womanhood and their trans- mission to future generations, undi- minished, unsullied and intact." You can, by arguments, drew a number of lines that converge towards God, and render His existence and His attributes probable; but you cannot reach Him along those lines. The Light Invisible. MISSOURI CATHOLIC { _ ERESTt_ UNION DOING GOOD I IB00KS oliN] WORK FOR FARMERS [ t (By N. C. W. C. News Service) St. Louis, Oct. 28.mA public mass meeting of the people of Osage Coun- ty, Missouri, was held at Linn, Me., on Wednesday, under the auspices of the Catholic Union of Missouri. Hardly a Catholic family of any of the par- ishes in the county failed to be rep- resented, and their members were augmented by the townspeople gen- erally and farmers of all creeds. This mass meeting is one of the first fruits of the lectures given on the two previous Sundays in the dif- ferent Catholic churches of the coun- y, and in due time will be followed by similar mass meetings in St. Charles County and others of the state. The meeting at Linn was preceded by a Solemn High Mass at 10 o'clock, the Rev. F. A. Diepenbrock of West- phalia, Me., being the celebrant. The sermon was preached by the Rev. Christopher Winsehnann of Rich Fountain, Me. At the mass meeting, which immediately followed the high Mass, addresses were made by Fred P. Kenkel, K. S. G., director of the Central Bureau of the Central Verein, and Dr. Bake, one of the Science pro- fessors at the School of Mines at Rolla, Me. Economic Problems The subjects discussed by the dif- ferent speakers covered a number of questions of particular interest to the farmers, but this initial meeting was chiefly taken advantage o f to set forth in outline the general lecture scheme that has now been in progress for two or three weeks, it was pointed out that the economic problems that the agriculturist has to face will be a leading feature of the lecture courses, economics being considered of highest importance, not only from a material, but from a moral and re- ligious point of view. Parish Organizations The men who have been giving.the lectures report large and enthusiastic gatherings in all the parishes they have so far visited and they feel greatly encouraged by the keen inter- est aroused anmng the Catholic farm- ers and very many others by their work to date. The first results of these lectures will be parish organi- zation, and to facilitate cooperation and ensure success, lists are now be- ing compiled of all the Catholic fami- [lies in the parishes of each county visited. These lists will enable the committee in charge of the lecturing tours to keep in touch with the peo- ple and furnish them with needed in- formation and follow-up literature. Tile chairman and other members of the C. U. of Me., are receiving con- gratulations upon the inauguration of this rural welfare movement, the clergy and laity showing a lively in- terest. FR. O'CONNOR CHOSEN NATIONAL CHAPLAIN OF AMERICAN LEGION (By N. C. W. C. News Service) New Orleans, Oct. 23.The Rev. I William P. O'Connor of Cincinnati, [ first Ohio priest ko enter the army] following the declaration of war and 1 chaplain" of the 136th Field Artillery of the 37th Division during the con- flict, was elected national chaplain of the American Legion at the fourth an- nual convention held here last week. Father O'Connor, who is now pas- tor of St. Mary's church of Cincinnati. is the present chaplain of the 107th Calvary of the Ohio National Guard. His election as national chaplain came on the third ballot, his opponent for the office being the Rev. Ezra Clem- mons of Iowa. The Rev. Roy A. Tuck- er of Baton Rogue withdrew his name on the third ballot. Father O'Connor is not the first Catholic priest to be honored by election as national chaplain of the Legion. The first chaplain was the Rev. Francis A. Kelley of Albany. (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Cincinnati, Oct. 23.The Rev. Wil- llam P. O'Connor, pastor of St. Mary's church of this city, and elected na- tional chaplain of the American Le- gion, is well known to the Cath- olics of Cincinnati because of the letters he wrote from overseas as. chaplain of the 136th Field Artillery,] and which were published in the Cath- ] olic Telegraph, the official organ of the archdiocese. Father O'Connor, who was a lieutenant with the regi- ment, gave Cincinnati friends of the soldier lads a graphic description of the life of the boys in many parts of France and in Genoa, Milan and other cities of Italy, which they visited. Pre- vious to their departure overseas, Fa- ther O'Connor was with the 136th at amp Sheridan, Alabama. He was s lose friend of Colonel Frederick Gal raith, former national commander o e American Legion. The literary, the dramatic,, the diplomatic, and the spiritual are so nicely interwoven in Maurice Bar ing's "The Puppet Show of Memory," it becomes difficult to make a selec- tion when recording the impressions the book has made. There is a consummate art in a style, which is so easy and natural it seems to be no style at all. His book is compelling enough in interest to fill a Sunday with nothing but.Bar- ing. Its enthusiasm about Russia, its records of the battles that have been witnessed in the Russo-Japanese war, its glimpses of diplomatic life in France, Italy, Denmark,its vivid pictures of German student life; o Eton and Oxford days give color and liveliness to pages that hold an addi- tional value in their literary artistry. If memory has prompted him to se- lect only the impressions that have remained we are glad he did not keep a diary. His beginning days were fill- ed with fairies, and all the glamor of a home life which was beautiful and simple in its living. "There came the moment," he says "when we joined our sisters every morning to say our prayers in my mother's bedroom, ev- ery day before breakfast. They were short and simple prayersthe "Our Father" and one other short prayer. Nevertheless for years the "Our Fa- ther" was to me a mysterious and un- intelligible formula, all the more so, as I said it entirely by the Sound, and not all by the sense, thinking that "Which art in heaven" was one word and "Thy kingdom come" another. I never asked what it meant. I think in some dim way I felt that, could I un- derstand it, something of its value as an invocation would be lost or dimin- ished." These are the beginning of his spiritual impressions and they are introduced rather sparingly through- out the pages, but when they are gatheled together one finds out these early ones are strengthened by "Mrs. Christie who used to teach us Latin." He says "I remember another book, "Romance or Chivalry and Romance." In it there was a story of a damsel who was really a fairy, and a bad fairy at that, who went into the ca- thedral in the guise of a beautifm princess, and when the bell rang at the Elevation of the Host, changed into her true shape and vanished. I consulted Mrs. Christie as to what the Elevation of the .Host meant, and she gave me a clear account of what Transsubstantiation 'eant, and she told me about Henry VIII, the Defend- er of the Faith, and the Reformation and made no comment on the truth or the untruth of the dogma. Transub- stantiation seemed to me the most natural thing in the world, as it al- ways does to children, and I privately " made up my mind that on'that point the Reformers nmst have been mis- taken." Then religion remains dormant un- til his Cambridge days and he says "There was at Trinity and at King's at this time, as I suppose there is at all times, a small but highly, intellec- tual world, of which the apex was the mysterious Society of Apostles, who discussed Philosophy in secert. I skirted the fringe of. this world, and knew some of its members. One day one of these intellectuals explained to me that I ought not go to Chapel, as it was setting a bad example. Chris- tianity was exploded as a thing of the past; nobody believed in it really among the young and the advanced, but for the sake of the old-fashioned and the unregenerate I was bidden to set an example of sincerity and cour- age, and soon the world would follow suit. I remember thinking that al- though I was much younger in years than these intellectuals, and far in- ferior in knowledge, brains, and wits, no match for them in argument or in achievement, I was none the less old- er than they were in a particular kind of experience. 1 am speaking of the experience that comes from havhg been suddenly constrained to turn around and look at life from a differ- ent point of view. It was not that I had then any definite religious creed. I seldom went to chapel, but that was out of laziness. I seldom wen to church in London, and never of my own accord. While I was at Heidelberg the re- ligious tenets which I had kept abso- lutely intact since childhood t without question and without the shadow of doubt or difficulty, suddenly one day, without outside influence or inward crisis, just dopped away from me, I shed them as easily as a child loses a first tooth. In the winter of 1893, when I came back from Berlin, some- one asked me why I didn't go to church. I said it was because I didn't believe in a Christian faith, and that if I were ever to again I would be a Catholic." But not until 1909 do we find him saying "On the eve of Can- dlemas 1909, I was received into the Catholic Church by Father Sebastian Bowden at the Brompten Oratory; the i (Continued on Page 6)