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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
October 30, 1942     Arkansas Catholic
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October 30, 1942

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, OCTOBER 30, 1942 THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY Of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas 3091/s WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21, 1911, at the post office at Little Rock, Arkansas, under the Act of Congress of March S, 1979. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 the year OFFICIAL DrOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock and I pray God that it may be an earnest champion of the cause of right, justice and truth and an ardent defemder of the religion we all love so well I extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its career may be Ions and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Reek. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. D. BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about Tile Guardian must be handled through the Business Manager, and air matters intended for publication Should reach Th.e Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST Business and Editorial Offtce,'SO9 West 2nd, Telephone 6486 SPONSORS OF SERVICE' Picture Service---Knights of Columbus of Arkansas Fort Smith Council, No, 996 ............................... 22.00 Paresould Council, No. 1713 .....................  .... $12.00 I.ittle Rock Council, No. 812 ......................... 22.00 Pocahontas Council No. 2443 ................................ 17.00 OCTOBER 30, 1942 "It by liberty el the press, we understand merely the liberty of discussing the propriety ot public measures and political opinions, let us have as much ot it as you please; but if it means the liberty ot at- tronting, calumniating and de/aming one another, I own my selt willing to part with my share ot it when- ever our legislators shall please to alter the law; and shall cheertully consent to exchange my liberty ot abusing others tot the privilege ot not being abused myself."--Franklin. GOD AND DEMOCRACY I "Is God necessary? Yesl Without Him, there can be no real American democracy." That was the unanimous con- clusion of a symposium conducted by Catholic, Protestant, and Jewish members of the i 941 Senior Class in the College of Law, University of Notre Dame. A digest follows: i. The founders 'of American democracy officially de- clared that the justification for their work was to be found in the "laws of nature and of nature's God." 2. The whole philosophy of American democracy is contained in the following quotation from the birth certificate of American liberty, namely, the American Declaration of lnde- pendence: "We hold these truths to be self-evident; that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights, govern- ments are instituted among men, derived their just powers from the consent of the governed .... " 3. Our rights, therefore, come from God and not from the government. Our Federal .and State Constitutions, Bill of Rights, and all laws, are not the source of our rights but simply a recognition of and protection for rights that God has given to each man. Our constitutions and laws are fences built around the sacred domain of our God-given inalienable rights. 4. The fact that our rights come from God rather than from the state or government is the main reason that dictator- ship is inconsistent with Americanism. 5. The fact that "all men are created equal," that is equal in the sight of God, is the reason why all persons, regardless of race, color, or conditions, are equals before the constitution and laws of the United States. 6. When the world-at-large learns how to interpret and ap- ply this lesson of the God-created equality of men, then, and only then, will the war-making dictator doctrines of super races, super classes, and super men be permanently uprooted. These doctrines will be replaced by the peaceful and democratic solu- tion rooted in the principle of the brotherhood of man under the fatherhood of God, so clearly outlined in the American Declaration of Independence. (No. 2 above). 7. The American Declaration of Independence was an act of faith in God. Its principles were acknowledged to be self-evident truths by men of all religious beliefs who fought to make America free and independent. Without God and the eternal responsibility of each man to his Creator there is no excuse, no justification for human liberty This is the reason that all forms of dictatorship 'are essentially atheistic. 9. Because God is the Author of liberty, faith in Him is an indispensable requisite for the life of America and American democracy. I0. Is God necessary? Yesl Without Him, there can be no real American democracy FAITH, TRUE GUIDE OF CHRISTIAN LIVING To live by faith means in the first place to possess faith. Let us recall the words of St. Paul: "Faith is the substance of things to be hoped for, the evidence of things that appear not." To believe, therefore, means to be convinced of things beyond sense perception and to be convinced of them because they are based on the infallible word of God. "Faith then cometh by hearing; and hearing by the word of Christ." It means to be convinced of the existence of God, of the Trinity, the Incar- nation, etc., on account of the infallibility of the Divine Word. On this faith moreover is grounded the hope of present and future goods of the spiritual order. The possession of such a faith must be the basis of every true ChrLstian life. This possession enables the soul and lifts it into a higher sphere which worldings with their earth-bound standards and motives do not enter. The advantages of being guided by this spirit of faith are manifold. The person of faith takes up the duties and burdens of life serenely and even cheerfully. For why worry or become figidety when "things don't go right"? The spirit of faith tells you that all effort for God, every task discharged with the mo- tive of pleasing Him, is successful, though it may lack human appreciation and reward. The spirit helps one to rise above the fleeting 'things of earth. Even the sore applications and grievous trials of life f fall into some orderly sequence when viewed in the light of faith. For these disagreeable hours of life remind us of the salutary truth that we have here no lasting house and so they draw us closer to God. Even the more serious losses and mis- haps of life will not utterly defeat or cost man the soul steeled by faith. Loss of parents and friends, grievous misunderstand- ings, painful maladies, the shattering of fondest hopes--these are certainly sufficient to test one's .spiritual caliber. Yet the chances are that the person of solid faith will issue unbeaten from the fray. He will always find a prop for consolation and comfort. Like Job he will recall that everything cometh from God's hands, all events--good and evil--will be an occasion of merit, of detachment of strengthneven of character, of drawing nigh to God, of calling on Mary, the Virgin Most Sorrowful. And these are not slight gains. "The Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away; as it hath pleased the Lord so it is done." The spirit of faith, in the second place, lends charm and value and distinction to ordinary, everyday duties. It is here that many will no doubt recognize the larger value of being guided by principles of faith and not by those of he world. For today the unfortunate insistence on "achievement" and on doing things great in the eyes of the world and that secure no- toriety is apt to upset true standards of value. Those who occupy the humbler spheres are apt to be un- duly influenced by the clamor of the seekers of worldly great- ness and renown, and their own finer and better standards are apt to suffer by comparison. Here the spirit of faith will set things right and give the proper perspective to all effort and achievements, to talents and accomplishments. For as a matter of fact, too many persons today attach too much importance to mere external success, to worldly pomp and circumstance, to the work and position that bring them into public notice and cause them to be regarded as greater and more distinguished than their fellowmen. They forget that the "average men" may also put spirit and a splendid energy and wholeheartedness into his every day tasks, which lend them a value and beauty that shallow minds fail to see. Those on the other hand who always strive for the empty prizes of life, for the notice of men, and the glitter that for a brief space accompanies "success," may after a little while be cast back upon themselves, be slighted by their friends and be bereft of the applause that once soothed their vain ambition. For uncertain and fickle is the frivolous world in the rewards dealt out to its votaries. ----Sunday Observer. t..amotlc E.,vtaence P 'O. Box 35 t Narberth, Pa. | Modern minds for the exact same reasons as had shall pass the women in the catacombs nearly away, but - - - twenty centuries before. Nineteen hundred years ago a Nineteen hundred years hence, Roman, orator was publicly seer-new leaders of "isms" will be ring at the teachings of the fol- lowers o Christ; and while he was speaking a priest in the catacombs was saying a Requiem Mass, while a woman was weeping and smiling and praying. She was weeping because of the loss of a beloved husband. She was Smiling because he had con- fessed his sins to a priest and had gone to his death with his God in his breast. She was praying be- cause she believed God would heed her entreaties to take her husband soon from Purgatory into Heaven. Today in a famous cathedral a "modernistic" cleric is preaching against the "absurdities" of Hell and Purgatory and other funda- mental Christian beliefs; and while he is-preaching other widows are weeping and smiling and praying resurrecting dead and discounted heresies of the ages before and preaching them under the ego- satisfying names of "Modern Thought" and "Scientific Enlight- meat." And while they are so preaclling, Catholics of the 39th century will be assisting at Mass, confessing to a priest, praying for their dead in Purgatory and adhering to all the Catholic beliefs that we adhere to today--that the Apostoles believed and taught in the first lalf of the first Christian century. For every Catholic knows that neither time nor man can alter by a whit the truths which God re- vealed to man and about which Christ Himself said: "Heaven and earth shall pass away but My word sh'll not pass away." Words of 1 Encouragement l Avarice "Blessed are the poor in spirit" says Jesus Christ. Woe to those who love riches: the misery of hell awaits them. To set one's heart on riches, is to be sick in spirit. To be rich in reality and poor in affection is the greatest happiness of a Chris- tian, for by so doing he has\\;the convenience of riches in this world ather Stedman. Confraternity of the Precious Blood, Brooklyn, N. Y. "Ignoto" Many a masterpiece of painting in Italy bears the inscription "Ignoto". "Never heard of him," said a tourist unfamiliar with the Italian language. He consulted his catalog. Under "G," Giotto under "L," Leonardo. But under "I," no clue of Ignore. "When I came to know a little later," said the traveler, "who Ignoto really and the sacrifice of poverty for the was, I was never mor surprised next. nor, more deeply moved." A Are You Avaricious? But who believes himself to be avaricious? No one, they excuse themselves on the score of their family, on the prudence which ex- acts economy for the future! it is an illusion. If you are so attached' to your wealth, if you temble lest by any accident you should lose it, be- lieve me, you are attacked by the fever of avarice. It is not possible to take delight in any thing without being much attached to it. If you desire long, ardently, and anxiously the good you do not possess, you are avsrious. sculptor was carving a small figure on the spire of a cathedral.: They called to him from below, "Don't waste your time carving up there. No one will see it." But he kept on carvinga sculpture Of won- drous beauty. "God will see it", he said.  That sculptor was Ignoto. Beneg'th the Arch of Triumph in Paris burns a flame which is never put out. It says "A hero rests here." The mortal remain of Ignoto. I have stood at Arling- ton with bared head before a shaft of white marble. And the music of a tremendous fact mingled with the words of my prayers "Here, too, lies Ignore." A nun died recently at the Monastery. A smile to the finish. After what a stiff drilling. Fifty cloistered years dedicated to a Do Not Covet heroic ideal. Her name? The Do not then covet the good you world never knew, nor will know. do not possess, rest not your heart She was on the stamp of "Ignore" on those which you have. be not which is the Italian word for "Unknown"those legions of the grieved at the losses which happen truly great, whose names were to you, and you will have some never blazoned in newspapers. In cause to believe that, though rich the humble, unseen ways of life in fact, you are not so in affec- they dared, ,created, and suffered. tion, but poor in spirit, and con- And a million things which their sequently blessed, for the kingdom lives have touched, whisper the of heaven belongs to you. fame they never knew. Q UES TION B OX Notice--lt is importan: that all questions be signd with the sender's name and COMPLETE address (not initials): otherwise the questions will not be answered. No names are ever published. Questions which ask for private answer must be accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelope. We invite only honest and worthwMle questions. What Are The Stigmata And What Causes Them To Appear? Visible stigmata are the impression of the sacred wounds of Christ on the body of a person. These wounds appear spontaneously with- out being provoked by any exterior wounding. The first person known co have been privileged with the stigmata was St. Francis of Assisi. Great precaution is needed in de- terming whether stigmata be real, aLparent, or due to self-decep- ti,:al on the part of the stigmata- tisL 1Vhy is it that Baptism is abso- lutely necessary for salvation? Lecause Christ made Baptism a " n'dition for spiritual birth neces- sary to enter the kingdom of ,ua Jen. He could have command- c.d any other course ttmt His wis- dom dictated. "Unless a man be born again of water and the Holy Ghost, he c.'.m not enter the kingdom of heaven." Here is the plain state- meat of command; a law estab- lished; a condition is placed for entrance in heaven. This then is God's will that Baptism be neces- sary for salvation. We can readily see why God selected Baptism with water. For water is a sign of washing or cleansing. Will you please tell me what sect of a book the "Ordo" is? The Ordo is a small book which contains the specific directions about the Mass that is to be said on a particular day. It also has the directions needed for the recitation of the breviary on each day. This Ordo has been trans- lated from Latin into English so that lay people who attend daily Mass may know exactly the proper prayers to be said. A short time ago I asked one of the assistant priests of our parish to say a Mass for my deceased father, and to my surprise, he in- formed me he would say the Mass on Sunday.. I was under the im- pression that the priests offered up the Holy Sacrifice for the con- gregation on that day... Will you please inform me regarding this? The only one who is obliged to say a Mass for his parishioners on Sundays and certain feast days is the pastor. The curates or as- sistants may celebrate Mass, how- ever, for their own intentions. * * $ P/ease settle this argument._. A friend of mine said that the min- ister of the Sacrament of Matri- mony is not the priest but the bride and the groom? I sa.y that the priest is. Your friend is correct. The con- tracting parties administer the Sacrament of Matrimony to them- selves. The reason for this is that since Matrimony is a contract, those who make the contract per- form the marriage. The priest is tim official witness of the Church and he blesses their union. What is the difference between an apostate and a heretic? An apostate is one who has brok- en away from the Church after having been baptized and implies a rejection of the Faith. A heretic is one who believes certain por- tions of Christ's teachings but re- fuses to accept them in full. When making the Stations of the Cross by yourself is Our Father, the Hail Mary aand the Glory be to the Father, etc, enough to say, or just what prayers would you ad- vise one to say when making the Stations? When making the Stations all that is necessary is that you pause at each station, meditate for a few moments or more on the mystery .which is commemorated. At the conclusion of the Stations you should say some prayers for the intentions of the Holy Father who graciously grants the Indulgence If you make a promise to say some prayers for it spiritual bou- quet for  priest, and you don't carry it out, is that a mortal sin? This would be only a simple promise, hence there is no serious sin involved. However, it is prop- er to carry out faithfully what we do promise, especially in spiritual matters. Why not say the prayers and do somettfing spiritually worthwhile? Why deprive a priest of God of your prayers? Carry out your promise, and God will reward you for it. Is Confirmation c o n s ld e r e d a great benefit and is one ob- liged to receive this Sacrament as soon as possible after receiving first Italy Communion? It certainly is a great bene- fit as it means the reception of the Holy Ghost to make us strong and perfect Christians and sol- diers of Jesus Christ. While it is not necessary for salvation one would be guilty of grievous sin did they have the opportunity to receive the Sacrament and neglect it. There is no specific time for the conferring of Confirmation. Ow- ing to the large dioceses over which our bishops rule and their many obligations and duties it is not possible to have Confirmation even once a year in some parishes. The larger city parishes generally have the Sacrament of Confirma- ton administered in their church- es some time during the year. How can one explain to a non- Catholic why we must confess'our sins to a priest? Our Lord conferred upon the Apostles and their successors pow- er to forgive sins with the words: "Whose sins you shall forgive, they are forgiven them; whose sins you shall retain, they are retained." This power is therefore two-fold power to forgive, and power also to retain. It is a judicial power, and the priest must know the sins which he forgives or retains if he is to exercise his power properly. How could a judge render his de- cision properly without knowing the merits and the details of the case which he is to decide? Is it wrong to touch theSacred ltost with the tongue after one has received Holy Communion or should one allow It to dissolve? It is commonly taught that the grace of Holy Communion is not given when the Sacred Host is re- ceived into the mouth, as was taught by some of the older theo- logians, but when it is swallowed. It is jn swallowing that the act of eatiff takes place. The Sacred Species, then, should be swallowed as soon after reception as con- veniently possible, before the Host dissolves in the mouth. Since one would not receive Communion at all if one permitted the Host to dissolve entirely in the mouth, and since the use of the tongue seems unavoidable in the process of eat- ing, there can be no objection to one's using the tongue to assist the process of swallowing the Host. * * * What is the doxology? A doxology is a tribute of praise as in the "Glory to' God in the highest" which the angels sang at the birth of Christ. This particular prayer is called the greater dox- ology. The lesser doxology is the proper; "Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen. TRAN_QE_ _BU_.T TRU E L"i12kn"owo [:a,* or Catholics 61 M. I. MURRAY, Rural Catholic Committee of the South by Rev. Anthony C. S. Sp. (General Diocesan There have been some very favorable cerumen the farm bloc, and parity danger of inflation. To a conclusion without the analysis of the thing in to say the least is being our judgment where our lectual qualities should be better use. The so bloc consists of a group of and Representatives from rural states who suN; which they feel is for of agriculture. They do tempt to get any special for farmers but try to ol)t all agriculture equality ment. Farm bloc members work heads of national farm tions and with the United Department of Agriculture other Government officials in termining farm policy, or in ing out details of legislation. has been much talk about The farm bloc, in its agriculture, has fought to tain parity. Parity is the of a fair relationship prices of the things the sells and those he buys, prices prevailing a when everybody is a such a fair relationship This parity was based on a'. of plenty. Production of the farmer bought was was that of farm products. were relatively low, but tory, because they were with prices farmers their products. So stimulated. Then came higher labor costs, big monopolies, restrictions on products. Prices went were kept up by limiting tion to demand. Industry bur were organized and favorable legislative Farmers didn't and production. There was no of farm products and be exchanged for fewer factory products. So the lationship between the things farmers raised they bought was thrown line and that brought the farms and later to all Trouble always results fair relationship known as is disturbed. Government sought parity by legislation. ing soidly established on ed production basis, hers set up the farm a basis of restricted pro Another reason being surpluses of wheat and cotton existed and also prices. Farmers are scarcity, and have the limitation under persuasion because the only way they could semblance of parity. The war is on, farms rnUSl duce all they can. Certai See RURAL on page 5 Book Review By Rev. Clalborne Lafferty, Professor of Canon John's Home Missions "PACK RAT" by ent Kelley, 146 Pages, lishing Company, consin, $1.75. The latest work to leavei of Francis Clement Kelle and Author, is most deals with the present conditions in It is the story of a Pack. takes on a human a diplomat and secret foreign dictator. He is a number of things, words. "Religion" and "( words were never Packratdom. "Religion" tell him, "is the opium ple." However, this the Pack Rat to grasp two Catholic Priests lives for their accept the home a dictator who bles Adolph Hitler. In the end, dictators of foreign he recognizes as Bro Rats, and after seeing querors of old pass many of whom he also as other Rats, he deci is not interested in It is much more be a Pack Rat and things instead of money--and countries. off his human form an is happy. "Pack Rat" makes as well as instructive, is written in a series with an each dream. It is it brings out tholic Doctrine. into detail as the downfall European countries, tion of religion of birth control. so aptly states: "It after France quit cradle that Hitler hereto sleep." Embodied in the several convincing favor of the man soul and .le Catholic Chureri. f: