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October 30, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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October 30, 1920

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Sebastian Bowden, .0ratory, best known to the English-speaking author of the "Miniature whose death in at the house of the was recently an- Cable despatches, had as an of- Army, and later as the Congregation of the 'Philip Neri. education was received Eton College, near ;'on account of his father the Catholic Faith, of the school refused YOUng Bowden any longer Shortly after this, he in the Catholic Was about the time later Cardinal, was i attempt to establish a l in Dublin. The! was entered at the of Note TIlE GUARDIAN, SATURI)AV, ()('TOBI,HI '30, 19o0. General i numerous editions, and is read in NOVEMBIR--"UPI{1GHT DEAL- every part of the world where there ING." are Catholics speaking the English l language. The London Times, in an I(By John Corbctt, S. J., in the Mes- obituary notice of this soldier-priest,, I scnger of the Sacred Heart.) sums up his character so: "He was I The conditions of modern society always a priest, but he was a soldier- I are emphasized every day more and priest ,a scholar, and a high-spiritedl more how dependen all of us are on Intention -- / Commandment of God: "Thou shalt not steal." It is called commutative justice, because it regulates the ex- change of services or things between man and man. It prescribes strict equality of exchange and governs con- tracts of buying and selling, and of work between employers and their ,f, PAGE FIVE Books of Interest one another for the proper conduct of workmen. A tradesman who cheats some places "Read and Get Well" has English gentleman." life. Ouc Creator as destined us not a customer either in the quantity or Mr. Millerand, for a solitary lif h on some desert luality of the goods furnished violates been adopted as a slogan. Poetry has the new President of France, is in]island' but for a life in society. Every! :ommutative justice. He is bound to been found to be good for jaded esteem among Catholics. The editor society is an organism having a life I of "La Croix" hails his election in peculiar to itself. Individuals are said l the following terms: "We have favored Mr. Millerand's election. There was only one serious objection: some had thought, and he himself had said, that it was as Premier that he could best pursue the realization of his political pro- gram. But as he could not be sure of being maintained at his post by another President, it was best to ele- a .... vate him to the supreme Magistracy an uner-graauae, . . . r, on reachin his 19th lit is now a fact, and tins fact is a d the Army gsecuring source of gratification to us. !in the Scots Guards. He I "Mr. Millerand's attitude and regiment from 1855 to achievements during the war, and par- on the staff of the of Malta from 1863 ticularly in the course of the last few months nmst arouse our confidence as regards both national and interna- tional policy. True, an editor has al- ready reminded him of the advice of Machiaveli, who urges" rulers to for- get their promises when it suits their interest, but we believe, from certain experience, that we ]nay trust the new President's loyalty and promises. "Besides, this election was not a surprise, but the logical development of the movement of opinion which, last November, determined the make- up of the new Chamber. Both opinion and Chamber subsist and will continue to favor the new French policy of which Mr. Millerand's election is but a symbol. "Yesterday we formulated our hopes and prayers in the words, 'May God protect France!' Yes, indeed, God protects France, which we see now rising above the world's horizon. Yes- terday's election accentuates this movement. Let her officials put aside the old silly anti-clericalism from which we have suffered so much dur- ing a quarter of a century; let them bring together into a powerful union all the forces of the nation ready to work for order and social progress; let them honor God publicly, and we shall see the fulfillment of the con- soling prophecy of Pope Plus X. "May God protect France!" Bowden resigned his and joined the the Oratory in London, Under the government who had belonged to founded by Cardinal 1870, he was ordained and ten years later Parish priest of the by. the Brompton Bowden founded the Middle School, which, Times very truly says, doing a valuable work and the State. It has with a number and its lay alumni showing during served as Superior Oratorians for two to 1892, and again b:1907. He was a man taste, and among are translations Religion" and "Divine Comme- was also au- of the Saints" of Shakespeare."  "Crumbs of Comfort" More. His "Min- the Saints" ran into IN FREEDOM, NEW BISHOP '(f. C. News Service) C.t Oct. 25.--"Ire- and pros- in God alone." newly appointed Sacramento, the S. T. L., who from a visit to Ire- weeks and in a. rauch impressed by of the people that has been  inhabitants by the in the south of Ire- bigots in the f Ireland believe firm- Keane, "that their measures Was due chiefly to intercession to the And today the voice is raised in prayer one Sunday in in Dublin and at the num- went to Holy Com- Priests commenced Sacrament immediate- :ration and did not mass was ended. Well as on Sundays -'rOWds at mass. The their plants to at- for their com- Prison or who .have for bolshe- workingmen. movement, one and the Irish body and soul latest out- government--for the overnment be placed and the mur- been in- those old who had the ranks. ous devotion MacSwiney i ly noble and I people. A1-I s is a prayer. of the whMe Irish people when he puts his faith firmly in God." It was while'he was in Ireland that Father Keane, who is yet to be con- secrated, heard the news of his ap- pointment as auxiliary bishop to the Right Rev. Thomas Grace of Sacra- mento. Father Keane was formerly pastor of St. Francis De Sales Church in Oakland and as such was largely instrumental in the foundation of the men's club established under the au- spices of the National Catholic War Council. He is returning to OakLand by way of Los Angeles, after having spent several days at the Catholic University. PAROCHIAL SCHOOLS PREFERRED IN BRITTANY (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Paris, Oct. 14.Recefft investiga- tions in Brittany have proved con- clusively that most parents there pre- fer sending their children to the paro- chial schools, rather than to the State official schools. The Catholic Novel- liste de Bretagne published the result of an inquiry, conducted particularly with reference to the district of Mor- delles, which shows there are 610 children in the Catholic schools against 153 in the State schools. At Neuvry-en-Mauges, a village af An- jou, only one pupil was educated in the State school for the past twenty- five years. All the rest attended paro- chial schools. COMING METZ CONGRESS WILL CONSIDER RIGHT OF SELF-DETERMINATION Reading has long been used for en- tertainment, for improvement, and sometimes for neither, "just to while away the hours," though fortunately that condition is fast disappearing; but the therapeutic value of the art has only recently been stressed. In r The Divine Strategy, !No Soul is forever condenmed Eternally bereft Whoever falls from God's right hand Is caught into His left. There are many others equalled to that in "beauty of thought and expres- sion. "The Great Hour" fills one with (By N. C.. W. C. News Service) Paris, Oct. 14.--French Catholic Jurisconsults will hold their thirty- eighth annual congress at Metz on October 22, 23 and 24. One of the features of the meeting will be a thor- ough study, from a Christian stand- point, of the nmdern theories about the foundation of nationality and the right of peoples to self-determination, Msgr. Pelt, the Bishop of Metz, will be among the prominent speakers at the sessions, which will be presided over by M. de Lamarzelle, professor of law at the Catholic Institute, whose interpellations in the Senate brought about a unanimous vote against im- moral theatrical productions. estitution, because he has unjustly nerves, mystery and detective stories )btained possession of another's prop- have enabled the sick to keep the mind erty and he may not keep it. An em-lo ff of self, and I heard a man once ployer ho refuses to pay the proper[say that "Treasure Island" cured him wages to those who work for him lo f tonsilitis. Books have frequently violates commutative justice and is I been found to be more potent than bound to restitution. Likewise a]medicine workman who through idleness or] It would delight the author of Psy- neglect or  aste, does not furnish the [ cotheraphy, Dr. J. J. Walsh, to know work equivalent to his wages vmlates what an energizing effect his "Healt: 'commutative justice and is bound tO lThroug h Will I'ower" has had upon a desire to accomplish something worthy of the Infinite, and I heard a man say he was going to keep a copy of it displayed in his office. The volume as a whole is a treas- ured one. The "Gates of Paradise" to be members of this social body and if any member fails to exercise its proper function, the whole body is af- fected, it becomes diseased. In family life the harm is at once perceived, in civil society when any large number of members fail to perform their du- ties evil results are no less certain to follow ,though they may remain hid- den at times.. We are all intinmtely bound together. The services each one renders to society are directed b, his trade or profession in life. We Depend on Others. When civilization was in a prilni- tire state, each family was able to provide ahnost entirely for its needs in the way of food, raiment and lodg- ing. Fishing and hunting and sitnple tillage of the soil furnished all that was required. Nowadays in modern society the lowliest individual, lead- ing the simplest life, is forced to rely on the aid of others to supply even his elementalT needs. He cannot clothe himself or feed himself or find lodging without the help of countless trades and professions. A moment's reflection will make this clear. How could we be clothed, if there were no farmers to cultivate the flax and hemp ,xnd cotton, no shepherds to herd the flocks that furnish the wool, no weavers to make the cloth and other fabrics? How could we be fed if the farmers did not give us wheat, and corn, milk and ]neat and sugar, vege- tables and fruits? How could we be sheltered, were there no architects and masons, carpenters and roofers, painters and plumbers? How could all the necessary foodstuffs and mate- rials be brought to us without the railroad men and the sailors, the en- gineers and other workers? What security would there be in pursuing these various avocations without rul- ers to maintain public order, without magistrates to administer justice and police to protect against pillage or Imurder? And so we find a multitude of men engaged in providing for us, each working for all and all working i for each. At One Another's Mercy. The consequence is that we are at one another's mercy. If a man loses the use of his arm or his leg, he is badly crippled; in like manner, if any important body of workers ceases to serve the social body, all others are affected. Such general suspension of activity occurs but rarely, but there may be throughout a nation such an accumulation" of negligences and frauds in the daily business relations of men with one another as to cause untold injury. We see, therefore, the importance of having all do their duty in such a way that their consciences may not reproach them before God. That is precisely what-we are asked to pray for by the Holy Father, when he rec- ommends "upright dealing"-as the Intention of our Apostleship of Prayer during the month of Novem- ber. The crying evil of today, as we quoted last month from the Pastoral Letter of our American Hierarchy, is that men have forgotten God and ig- npre God's rights. Men have taught that society would prosper, if each one sought his own personal inter- ests apart from any responsibility for the welfare of his neighbor. A cen- tury of sad experiences has shown the futility of such teaching. Instead of preserving order, it has begotten disorder and anarchy. Instead of up- right dealing among men we have witnessed the spectacle of the weak being exploited by the strong. Law of Church. The Catholic Church maintains be- fore the world that no class of hu- man activities is exempt from God's law or can escape His all-seeing Jus- tice. In the economic world, just as in the private life of individuals and families, conscience must reign su- preme. Members of every trade and avocatio and profession must so con- duct themselves in their dealings with their fellow-men that the rights of every man may be secured, the needs of all find satisfaction nd perfect harmony reign. That is the Christian ideal. In Charity attd Justice. Upright dealing with our fellow- men is, however, demanded of us either by justice or by aharity, both of which bind our conscience, though in different degrees. The obligation of justice is set forth in the seventh are )vorth the possessing. C. NEW BOOKS. restitution. And by workmen we I several readers. From their own con-' shouhl understand not merely those fessions, which are frequently deliv- who labor with their hands but all ered over the desk, I have heard how The Catholic Home Annual for 1921. Thirty-eighth year. Postpaid each, 35c. Stories and articles by promi- nent Catholic authors. Rejoice in the Lord. Happiness in Holiness, a book of Reflections and employees, public as well as private, and all government officials. The same law hohls for all. If they do not furnish what they are bound to, they are thieves. Obligation of Charity. In addition to'the obligation of jus- ice the claims of charity should also be considered. Though they are not so rigorous in their insistence, yet it must not be forgotten that charity extends to a much wider field. It is as it were, the crown of justice. We remember how our Lord spoke of this law of love for one's neighbor. And by neighbor He means not only our relatives and friends and acquaint- ances, but every man, the passerby, the stranger. To love and serve our neighbor is to love and serve Jesus Christ, as He will say to us on the last day: "Amen I say "to you, as long as you did it to one of these My least brethren, you did it to Me." We must not confne the words of our ILord to those who actually perform these charitable acts. It includes also those who by their co-operation make them possible or impossible. Even !the simple gift of a piece of bread 'calls for the work of many hands in various avocations. Neither may we confine them to actual almsgiving, :when people are in need. We are bound by charity to help our neigh- bors to obtain what is useful and agreeable. The Morning Offering. O Jesus, through the Immaculate Heart of Mary, I offer Thee my pray- ers, works, and sufferings of this day, for all the intentions of Thy Sacred Heart in union with the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass throughout the world, in I reparation for my sins, for the inten- tions of all our Associates, and in: particular for upright dealing. GIFT OF $500,000 TO CARDINAL BOURNE FOR CHURCH'S BENEFIT (By N. C. W. C. News Service) London, Oct. 15.--Testifyi'ng in her will that "I firmly believe all that the Catholic Church teaches, and am truly devoted to the Holy See," and enjoin- ing, "no flowers, but I ask your pray- ers," Mrs. Mary Charlotte Fitzgerald, late of Rome, bequeathed the whole of her fortune of some $500,000, with the exception of some bequests, to the Cardinal Archbishop of Westminster for the benefit of the Catholic Church. Mrs. Fitzgerald's bequests are $25,- 000 to Canon Bans, for the St. Vin- cent Home, Harrow Road, London; $1,000 to the Convent of Mercy, Athy, County Kildare; $15,000 to the Con- vent of Mercy, in the East End of London. She gave everything in her resi- dence in Rome to the Blue Nuns un- conditionally. The remainder of her fortune is left o the Cardinal Archbishop of West- minster, $5,000 isto be applied for the decoration of Westminster Cathedral, and the remainder of the estate is to be applied, at the discretion of the Archbishop of Westminster, for Cath- olic education, new Catholic missions and the poor. The terms of the will place in the hands of Cardinal Bourne a large sum of money at a time when Catholic needs are extremely urgent. The new I Education Act, which comes into force shortly, will oblige the Catholic education authorities to spend iarge sums of money in providing continua- tion schools, if the boys and girls from 14 to 18 years of age are to be brought up by teachers of their own faith, in the continuation schools which are ordered by the new act. There are also new Catholic mis- sions which are crying out for funds; missions which are so poor that the whole, weekly collection, on which the priesl> has to support himself and keep his church going ,amounts to no more than two dollars. In some places a wretched tumbling-down barn has to serve for a church. Prayers, by Rev. F. X. Lasanee, au- thor of "My Prayerbook." Imitation one man, prone to lie abed till eight leather, red edges, $2.00; other bind- thirty in the morning has been arts- ings, $2.50 to $8.75. ing at six as a result of reading the Ursula Finch; A nove,,by Isabel "Health Through Will Power." HeC. Clarke, 8 vo., cloth, net $2.25. assed the book to his sister, who has suffered from many of the ills "t'o whic the flesh is heir" and she, upon the completion of the volume felt equal to the family washing. Their enthusiasm for it was imparted to a male member of the family, who read it and arose at five a. m. the next morning, that he might appear at the office from his Ridge home on time. Now the therapeutic value of poetry might not be as concretely illustrated but I have felt the quickening pulse, have seen the brightening eyes and" the expression that comes from en- nobling thoughts when Edwin Mark- ham's "Gates of Paradise" was passed among a small circle. One little won- ders when such verse as "The Divine Strategy" is included. Quoting is par- :donable when it is so Catholic in thought: The Paths of Goodness. Some help- ful thoughts on Spiritual Progress, by Rev. E. F. Garesche, S.J. 16 too., cloth, net $1.50. Sermons. "By P. A. Canon Sheehan, D. D., edited by M. J. Phelan, S. J. 8 vo., cloth, net $3.00. The Principal Catholic Practices. A popular explanation of the Holy Sac- raments and Catholic Devotions, by Rev. G. T. Schmidt. 12 too., cloth, net $1.50. A Child's Life of St. Joan of Arc. By Mary E. Mannix. 12 mo., illus- trated, net $1.50. The Life of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque. By Monseigneur Bougard, Bishop of Laval. 8 vo., with 12 full page illustrations; cover richly stamp- ed in gold, net $2.75. ORDER NOW from BOOKERY, Little Rock. GERMAN CATHOLIC CONGRESS MEETS (Continued from Page 1.} sounded. This lay apostolate was to work chiefly for the home missions where there is a fine chance for ef- fective work. Discussing the foreign missions, the Rev. Norbert Weber, O. S. B., de- clared that great suffering and tribu- lation had come to the German mis- sions and missionaries as a result of the great war." But the greatest in- iustice, he pointed out, was their ex- pulsion from the colonies to which they had dedicated their lives and which they had founded at the cost of unremitting toil and the sacrifices of years. Demand Return of Missionaries. The Catholics of Germany were unanimous in demanding the return of the German missionaries to the colonies from which they had been expelled through the policies of for- eign governments. Prince Lowenstein set forth the claims of the German missionaries, whose loyalty has never been success- fully questioned, in a series of resolu- tions. Reference was made to the speech of Cardinal Bourne, made at Liver- pool in June on the subject of foreign missions. No British Sympathy. "We regret," says the resolution, "that in the words of Cardinal Bourne there was not a single expression of sympathy for those who have been unjustly expelled and kept away from their missions--the German mission- l aries and their nuns. "There could not be a single case of disloyalty shown against them. In view of this we express our deep grat- itude to the Holy Father and the ec- clesiastical authorities who have re- peatedly and most solemnly protested against the injury and violence done the missions and the violation of eccle- siastical rights." Only British Viewpoint. Christ when he said 'Go into the whole world and teach all nations.'" Charity Work Discussed. The Catholic Benevolent Society, in its report, protested against the secu- larization of charity, especially m such a manner as would give power to the Freemasons. It declined to ac- cept the newly-organized German Red Cross as the representative of all Ger- man charitalle works. The president of the Charity Union for Germany and the eminently active prelate, Dr. Weithman, demanded that benevolence be taught in colleges and universities and that there be established in cities and counties courses in social work that the benevolent teachings might be spread to all classes of society. It was recommended, in view of the work of proselytizers, that foreign brethren be advised to give their funds and assistance directly to the German Catholic organizations. In a general motion it was pointed out that in view of the present heavy task of the clergy there was an ex- ceedingly heavy demand for the work of a lay apostolate, who would take many of the burdens from their priests. STUDENTS' MISSION CRUSADE STARTS NATIONAL DRIVE (By N. C. W. C. lews Service) Washington, D. C., Oct. 25.--The national drive of the Catholic Stu- dents' Mission Crusade to enlist the aid of every parochial school in the United States in the work of home and foreign missions is in full swing. The first parochial school unit to enlist is that of Holy Cross School in Holy Cross, Ky., conducted by the Ursuline Sisters. The eorollment of Holy Cross School was closely followed by that of St. Joseph's School of Hanover, Pa., in the diocese of Harrisburg and con- ducted by the Sisters of St. Joseph. The grade department of Mount de Sales Academy of Catonsville, Md., conducted by the Sisters of Notre The British prelate, it was pointed Dame was next in order and each day out, declared that for the present the brings additions to the list which English policy regarding missions is decided entirely by the viewpoint of the British governors and that he finds that the action of the London government against the German Cath- olic missions is fully justified. "Our anxiety," continues the reso- lutions, "that such a statement from so prominent a prelate as Cardinal Bourne may have the worst conse- quences for the future of the Catholic missions, doubtless will be shared by the Catholics of the world. Vouching for the strictest loyalty of the Ger- man Catholic missionaries, the Ger- man Catholic committee for missions, fully in union with the Holy see, de- mands such liberty for the fulfillment of mission duties as;Christ granted his apostles. Also to our German mis- sionaries we repeat the words of Field Secretary Floyd Keeler expects will be swelled to more than one thou- sand schools before the Christmas holidays. "The movement for the enrollment of the parochial school in the Stu- dents' Mission Crusade, the result of resolutions passed at the last conven- tion here, promises to bring practical- ly every parochial school child in 'the United States in direct touch with the great movement which has for its slo- gan 'The Sacred Heart for the World ---the World for the Sacred Heart,'" said Keeler. "Not only are the parochial schools manifesting great enthusiasm in }his work, but the drive to increase the senior membership,' which includes high schools and colleges, is already gaining great impetus.