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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
October 30, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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October 30, 1920

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t nothing is more de" | :aaurCatholic pap ..... d , e  IovinglT;|&amp;tureshuldhavealarge v  I t/tat every one may | ity of ._-, gooa r.adins which = " Igm4 wlu'ns, and strengthens | ":ts the Christian virtues j..taF-F. }'aF-,bIF.DICTUS, pp.. XVo ! ishop of ": ING, Pastoral) the Mas its rece! z. The Official Organ of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas e the op .:.,, A atholic Paper is a | Perpetual Mission j Pope Leo XIII | "The Guardian" in every home---our Motto. LLEY R w c. , D. C.,I! a. Kelle nerican ! director: couts' aolic W is post iocese o called f he outb te wom I ter age." .. S] i ,)i ,i!!'i :, Was !: by the British military !!;eas taken, with 11 com- ::tyhile at an alleged secret started l.s hun00e, 0ment 00:Mayor of Cork Di00s iii00, Martyr's Death in Prison 0MBRI,, 1)R.AMA OI LNGLISH JAIL AI BR,IXION .!rF_,R A HUNGE;R STRIKE OF SI::VI,'NTY-I,'()UIt DAYS [[PROTI, iST AGA1NST ARRESI O]:' IRISH REPUB- ANSBy ENGLAND. TERENCE MAC00IN00 6AVE LIFE k'#"Slf-il.('rlcin " an(I ]'(.*,tl']OSS ])e%,()ti(,,, Prof(Iull(l]y Stlrs thE, [gaWhc,.e N,,tio,,*'.l :is ]':,, i,,vcd ,,, Hoped F,,r-- [i!::in A]journilg--h'ish Americ,tns in tT,fi'te(I States to Make ;gerte(l ])emonstrtion of S'm l) ttl 3' tnl Protost Y0r Terenc'-'e MacSwine" of .,,,,,! ',,! ,tO Id, who died Monday at the I]1|| t, hlllUhlb 74th day of his hun CONGRESS MEETS , )Vas arrested the night of [-IE . he was arrested. <:tried before a British mili- SamO,  on entering the room in ',,-- 0urt was held he declared is illegal. You are an unlawful act. I de- arrest by the Irish Accusations. on foul" counts: lawful authority or m possession of a was the numerical the Royal Irish Con- gh, the ciphdr under in possession Of a statelaents like- to the king. an amended resolu- the Cork corporation Eirean as the Ireland and pledging / having in his pos- er his speech made lord mayor of to Lord Mayor Mac- REPORT OF VOLKSVEREIN AT WUIIZBUIIG GIVES INSIGHT INTO GERMAN CATHOLIC AC- TIVITY. (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Berlin, Oct. 9.--Up to the tithe o:f the war, German Catholics assembled every year in a Catholic Congress that was watched by the whole worhl. During the war, dnd indeed since the cessation of hostilities, the calling of great conventions has been l)ractj- eally impossible. But Catholic life in Germany is not stagnant. It has in fact shown new vitality. This is proved by the convention of Catholic societies which took place at Wurz- burg from September 13 to 15. Annual Report. The annual report of the Volksve- rein, or people's society, submitted at this convention gives a good insight into German Catholic activity. According to this report, at the end of July the total number of members enrolled in the Volksverein was 655,155. The increase over the vious July was 144,155. In Rhine- land, the society had 20,443 new mem- bers; in Westphalia 50,970; in Hessen- Nassau and Saxony, which are regard- ed as mission districts inasmuch as Catholics are by far the smaller part I of !. on August 16 on 4. He was not guilty lodged in the jail announcement ; he was sentenced to I made no defense. first was that he arrest, but merely in i military agents of a the soil of his native made a defense, he have been an ac- direct or infer- proceeding of the he sustained the view Sinn Fein Ireland. an a communication vice president and acting chief ex- absence of President President Wilson all other nations Note. issued August 25, the lord mayor duly elected deputy of Cork, Ireland, was the armed forces of before English and forcibly deported aft English war now in imminent dan- prison, Lon- Your excellency the by the heads 'of the states when the was treated and harshness." Days. confined to the days. The situa- imprisonment in Cork that of trouble. was made, this situation to remove the from Cork he that he had to on a stretcher. destroy- port and 1arisen, London. infirmary. !::!nexpecd, for the population, the increases amounted respectively to 8,710 and 5,502; in Wurtemberg the increase was 5,805; in Silesia 4,256; in Bavaria 7,602; in Baden 3,580, and in East Prussia 1,785. General Budget. West Prussia, due to the fact that some of the provinces have been in- corporated in Poland, showed a small decrease. The general budget of the Volksverein showed a treasury of 602,201 marks. Local groups were shown to n5mber more than 5,000. During the last fiscal year it was re- ported that more than 7,000,000 pamphlets were distributed, three thousand meetings held and assistance rendered in more than 45,000 in- stances. Conciliate Class and Caste. The policy of the Volksverein is to conciliate class and cste on the basis of Christianity. This is declared in its resolutions to be especially impor- tant at this time. Accordingly the proceedings of the convention were guided by the spirit and principles of Christian charity. The keynote was sounded in a speech delivered by Herr Ranch, an engineer, who pointed out that not only was there a capitalism in the; upper classes, manifested by those who would wring the last dollar from the poor, but also among the laboring classes, manifested by those who sought to exact unjust wages for their toll. Union Necessary. "It is tin-Christian and anti-social that these two great classes should oppose one another," said Herr Rauch. "By a mutual trial of strength they would heap up ruin and new misery. Employers and workingmen must unite. Only a trial of the strength of Christian charity can destroy the use- less hatred and convert it into a fer- tile soil for the solution of Germany's problems." Discuss Mission Issues. The subject of home and foreign missions, dear to the hearts of all German Catholics, was discussed in the congress of September 14. It was pointed out that too great activity in civic affairs was despiritualizing the German clergy, and a call for  mili- tant lay apostolate which will take over many of the works that are nv left in the hands of the clergy was 81 ...... (Con t.,ued on page B) : Little Rock, Arkansas, Saturday, October 30, 1920 Number 20 CATHOLIC COLORED MISSIONS IN SOUTH IN NEED OF AID (By N. C. W. C News Service) New York, Oct. 24.Reports to the Catholic Boa.rd for Mission Work Among the Colored People disclose that, after many years of effort, the Negroes of the South are showing eagerness for conversion to the Cath- olic faith and for education in Cath- olic schools. In several communities of the South the number of colored children seeking admission to Cath- olic schools is so great that hundreds cannot be accommodated. New Or- leans, Waynesboro, Ga., and several towns in Mississippi and Florida are among those in which so many ne- groes have sought Catholic teaching that the existing facilities were found to be wholly inadequate. 200 Priests, 600 Sisters. There are resent twp hundred priests and six hundred sisters in the work among American negroes. They :re feeling the want of the support that came "to them during the war and the board in charge of missions among the colored people is seeking further assistance. It has been shown by the board's experience ' that a colored seminarian !can be educated for $250 a year; that a sister in charge of a colored school can be maintained for $200 a year, and that a negro child can be sent to a Catholic day school for $10 a year. I Rev. Father John E. Burke is director] general of the Catholic Board for Mis- I sion Work Among the Colored People, I which has its headquarters at No. 1 Madison avenue, New York Cit;..r GEORGETOWN'S NOTABLE SERIES OF LECTURES ON INTERNATIONAL LAW (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Washington, D. C., Oct. 22.-:-'The first ef a series of fifteen public lec- tures on the History and' Nature of International Relations, planned by the faculty of the school of foreign service of Georgetown University was given last night by Professor Michael I. Rostovtseff ef the University of Wisconsin, formerly of the University of Petrograd. Included among the distinguished students who will con- tribute to the series, which is to last until May are Professor Carlton J. Hayes of Columbia, Hen. James Brown Scott, Hen. Paul .S. Reinsch, former U. S. Minister .to China; Hen. L. S. Rowe, Professor James Lawrence Laughlin of Harvard; Professor Wil- .... ',1 EPISCOPAL BISHOP DENOUNCES DIVORCE AS'00EATEST MENACE  N, C.. C News Service) Washington, D. C., Oct. 23.--Di- vorce is one of the greatst menaces in the world today, Right Rev. Alfred 14arding, Bishop of- the Episcopal dio- cese of Washington, declared in an ad- dress to members of the Sundty School Conference in session here yes- terday. This view of divorce, l?ishop Iiarding said, h, lad broug'Iv; b,(:i with him from tbe recent conference of Anglican and American Protestant Episcopal Bishops in Lambeth confer- ence in London. The foremost duty of members of the Sunday school conference, Bishop Harding said, was to inculcate in the young the sacredness of family ties. The stability of the nation, he said, depends on the maintenance of proper homes. "I tremble for the future of the state or nation where lax theories of domestic life prevail," Bishop Hard-# ing said. FRENCH HONOR FR. NOONAN. (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Milwaukee, October 24.-- Marcel Knecht, director of the French High Commission, on his return -to the United States from France in Novem- ber', will bring with him the Gold Palm, Officer of Public Instruction, French Academy, to be conferred on the Rev. Father Herbert C. Noonan, S. J., president of Marquette Univers- ity, Milwaukee. M. Knecht will per- sonally bestow th decoration on Father Noonan. During the war Yi. Knecht was head of the information section of the French High Commission in the United States, and on ,his visits to Milwaukee frequently conferred with Father Noonan. The decoration is a recognition of the value of the assist- ance which Father Noonan gave the High Commission. CItURCH AND SOCIAL RECONSTRUCTION (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Washington, Oct. 24.--Dr. John A. Lapp, Director of the Social Action Department of the National Catholic Welfare Council, will deliver an ad- dress on "Church and Social Recon- struction" at the mass meeting of the Illinois directors of charities and cor- rections at Jacksonville, October 31. liam S. Dunning of Columbia;" Hen. Miss Jane Addams, of Hull House, Roscoe Pound, dean of Harvard Law will also speak on this occasion, School; Professor Edwin M. Borchard t ..... of:Yale; .Hen. John Bassett Moore of I Beaut# isn't ever.vthinr The but- Columbxa, and Professor Stephen Pter "I fly makes a great show, but it s the Duggan, Director of the Institute of hem 1 ttl " " [ . e y I" e bee that makes the International Relations. , - I honey. . ' ' Calls on Women tO Vo00e Church Values" Her Work AIICHBISIt0P CERIIETTI SPIAKS WORDS OF ENCOUR- A(;I'II';NT TO OUR CATHOLIC WOM':EN URGIN(* THFII{  )11, AS AN INFLUFN(:F T()WARD PROPAGA- ) r, , r S TI()N OF CH1USTIAN I RIN( II Ll,. GUARANTEES FAMILY INTEGRITY Church Alwtys Appreciated How Much Woman (:,m 1)o for Civiliztt- tion tnd llelig'ion I)y Pouring' Out Her Intclligc]('e and ller Fecling--('hristitn 3lothers Need Not l"car to Put Asi(Ic Some Hours of Home ])utits to Aec'Onl)lish Tht, ir ('ivie Duties. IRISH BISHOPS INDICT BRITISH CIlARACTERIZE REPRISALS OF MILITARY' AS "INDISCRIMIN- ATE SAVAGERY"  C L A I M RIGItT OF PEOPLE TO SELF- GOVERN MENT. (By Special Cable to N. C. W. C. News Service) Dublin, Oct, 21.--The pronounce- ment of the Irish Bishops on the state. of h'eland is regarded as the greatest impeachment in modern annals. The Bishops set out by declaring that it is not easy for the pastors of the flock to uphold the law of God and secure its observance when oppression is ram- pant in a country where "terrorism partiality and failure to apply the principles which its members have proclaimed are the of government." Bishops' Statement of Conditions: The task is rendered well-nigh im" possible, and, unhappily, by such means as these in an aggravated form, Ireland is now reduced to a te, of anarchy, they declare. The. Bishops recall that "when the' country was crimeless" they reminded the gov- ernment that substitution of repres- sion for freedom would lead to the "most deplorable consequences." The statement continues: "Now on a truly appalling scale the people have to endure countless in discriminate raids and arrests in the depths of night; prolonged imprison- ments without trial; savage sentences from tribunals that command and de- serve no confidence; the burning of houses, town halls, factories, cream- cries and crops; the destruction of in- Archbishop Cerretti, assistant Sec- retary of State at the Vatican, former Apostolic Delegate in :.ustralia, who was sent by the Pope as his special representative at Cardinal Gibbons' golden jnbilee ceremonies, has writ- i teu for the N. C. W. C. News Service the fo'liowing apprecia[ion of the value of woman's work and influence in re- ligion and society since the beginning of the Christian era, showing how the Catholic Chnrch has always given to her the fullest aud highest-opportuni- ties. Now tbat social developntent-s have made voting a duty incumbent upon women as well as men, Archbishop Cerretti urges all Catholic women, even cloistered nuns, to exercise freely their right to vote. By ARCHBISltOP CERRETTI. (Special Cable to N. C. W. C. News Service) Rome, Oct. 21.The interest of the Catholic Church for women has been manifested since the beginning of her history. The Gospel presents near Jesus Christ womanly figures toward whom the Redeemer of all mankind showed all consideration and predilec- tion. Two typical figures aznong these ve.'e Martha and Mary Magdalen, symbolizing twoways of Christian perfectibn, the active and the contem- plative. Above all is the Blessed Vir- gin Mary, whom the Church points out as the typical ideal of every greatness, of all perfection and holi- ness. These typical figures of Christian womanhood embodying Christian ideals confronted Pagan society which ignored in woman the pure ideals of the Vii'gin, the wife, and the mother, considering her, on the contrary, sim- ply as an object of pleasure, or a slave to the passions of man. The dustries to pave the way for famine Church rehabilitated and sanctified all done by men maddened with plun- I her, finding her worthy of the highest dered drink and bent on loot." "The flogging and massacre of civ- ilians are perpetrated by the forces of the British Crown who have estab- lished a reign of frightfulness which for murdering the innocent and de- stroying their property has a parallel only in the horrors of Turkish atroci- ties or in the outrages of the Red army of Bolshevist Russia." Themselves opposed to crime from whatever side it comes, the Bishops rite the words of Cardinal Logue uttered some months ago condemn- ing the murder of a policeman. The Cardinal at the' same time epitomized the governmental crimes that were then goading the people to despera- tion. The words of His Eminence were: "All pretense of strict discipline has been thrown to the winds and those who profess to be the guardians of the law and order have become the most ardent votaries of lawlessness and disorder." Indiscriminate Vengeance. On the same occasion the Cardinal declared that "they have been over- running the country and making night hideous by raids, rifle fire, burnings and destruction of property; that reckless and indiscriminate shootings in crowded places have made many innocent victims; that towns are sack- ed as in the rude warfare of earlier ages; that those who run through fear are shot at sight." The Bishops said: "Things have become much worse since this was written. Men have been tortured with barbarous cruelty, nor are cases wanting of young wom- en torn undressed from their mothers' care in the darkness of the night." The manifesto refers to the "repris- als'"as "indiscriminate vengeance of savages deliberately wreaked on )vhele town or countryside without any proof Of its complicity in crime by those who ostensibly are employed (C0tlnued on page 6) .* place, as the center of the family, and therefore, of social life. It is only necessary to read the Epistles of St. Paul containing his counsels on the duties of the Christian family in order to understand the high opinion in which the Apostle desired woman to be held in our society. Church Early Showed Woman Esteem. The Church esteemed her so mucl that it called her to participate in its liturgical life, first in the severe and dignified office of the deaconess and then in the monastic orders, in which the highest ideals of social and re- ligious life were manifested and real- ized. When Christianity obtained freedom, after Constantine, a legion of venerable women surrounded the Fathers of the Church. Let us remember Paul and the noble widows and virgins who followed him, and those others who aided St. Jerome in his Bethlehem hermitage in those Biblical labors which constitute one of the great glories of the Church. Remember also St. Monies, the mother of St. Augustine," Sylvia, the sister of Gregory the Great, Proba, the Roman convert poetess of the catacombs, who celebrated in an epic poem the wars between onstantine and Magnentius. In the middle age not only did St. Benedict and his sons preserve in their cloisters the relics and "culture of- the ancient civilization throughout the period of the barbaric invasions, but also the spiritual daughters of his sister, St. Scholastics, vitally aided his great efiterprise, and especially aided the development of mystic the- ology. In history from those early ages down to our own times the influence of the women mystics of the Church' continued to exert a great influence, for later centuries can show the coun- terparts of St. Gertrude and St. Mech- tilde in such glorious figures as St. Teresa.and St. Margaret Mary Alaco- que, recently canonized by Benedict XV. "(Contmu on Page a)' "