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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
October 27, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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October 27, 1923

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ul i on be brok ------,. great poU h,- . vlsts m lll S-- , t ONS of NOTE ! uits have ch, it is s Anne Bigot ,ly with aY" 0 TI(4' re Years :11:21 a;2h 'n broke before the French Rev- out, a l imnble French building tt.. t girl, Anne Biget, entered the dvanced. hitation Convent in the I'rovince of now being r--- _renche COmte as a lay sister, it be- n of St. !g allowed to go outsid-  t governme!'alls - s  he conven u,,,.._l-'a ' she often visited the prisons of warehoU':le:':'u-'n:wa, .The suppression of all con- ;.  lch came as a result of the znan, wh u 0htion edicts rear(ti],, cloister ,,ople i  ve is beilgb   31onlw..Anne Biget on er scanty .h mot Y 0  II nuns" allowed by the government he Un ted ( as a compensation for the es taken from them. She took a , laid Se#  ll house in Besancon, and with and o'  a iests t)ekl e ,-aPanion no less devoted than is ex] #' Lh ,elf, visited the prisoms and was tlc0 hope and comforter of the many const pe  aPl)y Victims of the Terror. red to  one historical writer says of her s in e,,  ller Well-ordered life if c!mmty. No Sacrifice Tee Great not all; to the house of daily resorted aged and Women, children, and sick She gave alms, food, and con- she begged for them from house; and so true and deep reSPect she inspired,'that she asked in vain. Her robust and native energy enabled her aore; she took long expeditions and was known to the sick of many distant villages. She prepared their medicine, bed of sickness or hour or the weather could her; she braved alike the heats or the keen The life of toil was daily sacrifice and self- ever blazed on hearth of the lay sister; this simple luxury a rob- poor, and for twelve and the coarsest bread 0nly food she ever tasted. her life with heroic ac- Well as with good deeds. Three From Fire her in 1805 entering in a hamlet near her at great peril and three people from again in 1807 she is cred- saving from drowning a river Doubs by braving to the point of exhaus- Charity' hundred Spanish pris- Were brought to Besan- Was their nurse, comfort- and the bear- Petitions to the French of the place: had great respect Qne day: be very much grived, a, for your good friends, are going to leave Be- replied the nun, "but Prisoners are coming." is the true spirit of forgets the difference to remember but the and Universal brotherhood Ia the Battlefield said to haunt the battle- fire to help the wounded the dead. After the battles she went from in the district begging and linen. She organized the district in to work- of helpers, and the 'was carried to the the needs were the worst fiercest. of Reggio said to her in long known you by my soldiers WOunded, they immedi- 'Where is our good UVEMENT AGAINST DRINK HABIT li Rtv. Dr. Wilhelm Brown yon . I , | THE GUARDIAN, OCT. 27, i923 "TI I i i illllll 5 General Intention with its welter of Moslems, pagans, Jews and corrupt Portuguese, u cen- tre of a great missionary movemet, St. Francis Xavier is said to have e- claimed, "Let me be where there are no Moslems or Jews. Give me out- and-out pagans, people who are an- xious to know something new about nature and God, and I am determined to find them." Thereupon, having heard something about Japan as veri- fying these conditions, he sailed thith- er to lay the foundation of Christian- ity in that island kingdom. Mohammedanism Obdurate Speak to any missionary of today working in Malay, or the islands to the east, the Molukkas nr the Philip- I pines, or India, or North Africa, wher- ever the Mohammedans for the ma- jority of the population or are in suf- ficient numbers to make their Influ- ence felt, and le will solemnly assure you that, were the great Xavier him- self to revisit the scenes of his form- er missionary labors and triumphs, he would still be of the same mind re- garding the difficulty or the impossi- bility of Christianity's making head- way, as conditions now are, against a strongly entrenched Mohammedmism. The missionary may, or rather he cer- tainly will, have Mohammedan chil- dren in his school; he may have nu- merous acquaintances, staunch friends even, among the followers of rite Prophet, by whom he will be welcom- ed socially and with whom he will serve on many a civic committee; he may have frequent reason to praise his Mohammedan neighbors for their industry, their forthrightness, *.heir public spiritedness; but when, at the end, you ask him what the prospects are of their conversion to Christiani- ty, he will answer that they are slen- der to the vanishing point. A certain high dignitary of the Church was speaking to several missionaries, whose guest he was in a certain city of Northern India. "Why," asked he, "does not your community establish missions in Balu- chistan ?" Baluchistan Hopeless There was silence for a momen:, for the question was more easily ask- ed than answered. Then one of the missionaries, more than thirty years resident in India, ventured on a re- ply. "There might be governmental dif- ficulties in the way of such establish- ments," he said. "Besides. Baiuchis- tan, I fear, is hopeless. It is wholly Mohammedan, you know." There is the fact. There is little, if any, hope on the part of suck mis- sionaries as have first-hand experi- ence among Mohammedans of bring- ing t, hem, in the near future and in numbers, into the fold of the Church. Of course, when the missionaries speak ef the impossibility of making headway in this matter of conver- sions among the Motmmmedans, you must not hnderstand them as ques- tioning ither God's power, or the ef- ficacy el'prayer, or the potency of grace, but merely as emphasizing the induration of the Moslem heai, which, as a matter of historic fact, has from the beginning steeled itself against the efforts of Christianity t impress it. As to the why of the fact, there are, I believe, at least on the part of Mohammedanism, two main reasons--there may be others, con- tributory and subsidiary,--which go a great way towards accounting for it. Mohammedanismis a carnal creed and it effects in its adherents a something akin to a spirit of nationalism. These two circumstances will, I take it, suf- ficiently explain why "once a Moslem, always a Moslem." Mohammedanism In its thirteen hundred years of ex- istence Mohammedanism has grown from its original forty followers of the Prophet to its present more than of the Apostle, will of their very na-Ihave been and there are serious riv- and the labors of a thoroughly devot- lure fail o their appeal, alries among certain clans and fatal- ed missionary corps, and the Moslem Religion and PoJtics lies regarding the succession and the I As a second reason for the failure power and the residence of the Ca-[ of Christianity when confronted with I lip h" More serious, however, than I MohammedalHsm was offered the such rivalrms, and as fundamental we o o () ol)l.l( i el olo lOlO OF 0 0101, November: The Conversion of the Mohammedans. |y Thomas J. Barrett, S. J., in Mess enger of lle Sacred Heart. In despair of ever making Goa, tinent where Mohmmnedanism has not obtained a foothold. In America and Australia its followers are, it is true, comparatively few, possibly 100,000. In Europe they number perhaps 3,- 500,000. In Africa they reach, ap- ] not only a religion, it is likewise a so- proxinmtely, 60,000,000. In Asia they cml and civil polity, the logical issue attain the positively staggering total and expression of which is l'an-lslam- of 170,000,000. How explain this ism, so vociferously self-conscious of late. What the unifying factors of Is-' lamism may be, what may be the pos- something akin to a national spirit which the latter effects in its follow- ers. The phrasing may be awkward, but what is meant is this. Unques- tionably there arc factors that link the Moslem world, that wide belt of Afro-Asiatic territory knowu as ls- lam, together. Mohammedanism is ]nay say as the schisms and heresies as a factor of disunion, is the wide difference in language, race and cul- ture that divides the Moslem world. Islam speaks a hundred languages, it is made of a score of different races ranging from the sturdy Tartars on the steppes of Turkestan to the little brown man of the Malay jungle, it embraces in its culture as well the ad- vanced comnmnities of India and the rude hill-tribes of Abyssinia. One may not hope to deternfine to a' nicety the resultant of these two world will soon yield to the wee constraint of the Church's teaching. The Morning Offering __O Jesus, through the Immaculate Heart of Mary, I offer Thee my pray- ers, works, and sufferings of this day, for all the intentions of Thv Sacred Heart, in union with the t[oly S;cri- rice of the Mass throughout tlc world, in reparation for my sins, for the in- tentions of all our Associates. and i, particular for the conver*m, el th Mohammedans. 40,872 LEFT GERMANY IN FIRST HALF OF YEAR growth in numbers, this territorial ex- pansion ? Granted that in tk . first in- stance nations were brh"ugit to the profession of Mohammedanism not by persuasion but by the sword,--the old slogan, "Believe or perish," still has its partisans today--yet the hard fact remains that 'after the sword was sheathed the converts persisted staunch in their new creed, and trans- mitted it to their children's children. There is,'too, the additional fact that today, though almost exclusively in Africa among the blacks, the preach- ers of Mohammedanism are making converts by the thousand, frequently enough outstripping our own mission- aries, ff not in zeal, at least in suc- cess. And these poor blacks, converts of persuasion, give every indication of the same steadfastness that charac- terized the early converts of the sword. The "Believe or perish" meth- od of conversion is to us not of imme- diate concern. What does concern us, though, are these wholesale conver- sions in Africa and the steadfastness of the neophytes. Mohammeds Snares Undeniably the explanation of the one and the other is to be found in the extreme dogmatic simplicity of Mo- hammedanism and the easiness of its morality. No tedious catechising, no protracted test of one's virtue, is re- required to master the simple creed, "There is no God but the true God; and Mohammed is His prophet," or to prove one's determination to do what all along one has been doing. There is no threading one's way carefully through the Divine Processions, no vigilance to be maintained in one's predications concerning the Incarnate Word, for the Mohammedan admits neither the Trinity nor the Divine Sonship of Christ. On the other hand, there is no reason why even the most timid of men shouhi hesitat * take unto himself a wife---he may mwully tare four of them at a time, if he has courage and can afford the luxury,-- whom he may divorce whenever he pleases; no reason why he should fear for his salvation, when practically the only sins barring his entrance to Par- adise are idolatry and apostasy; no reason why should not strive with longing for salvation, when for him salvation means rivers--word of de- light to dwellers in desert places-- flowing with crystal water or with milk or wine or honey, and mansions, hollowed out of pearls, by their banks, and servants unnumbered to do his bidding, and rare foods served on dishes of gold, and exquisite music, and wives--the meanest of the faith- ful will have seventy-two--from among the ravishing girls, or houris, of Paradise, the enjoyment of whose company will constitute his main de- light through eternity. Do not, please, submit that the Koran's description of Heaven is meant to be symbolic, that the Mohammedan sacred book, even as at times our ewn Bible, would, through the more familiar appeal to sense, convey in figure a lesson that is to be interpreted spiritually. Not a shred of evidence is there for such a contention, no indication whatever that Mohammed meant his words to be taken otherwise than literally. Small wonder then that a religion which justifies carnality during life and rewards it in kind after death, which imposes no tax on the intellect and places no restraint on the will, will both recruit followers in thou- sands from among a certain type of men and, what is here in point, hold them secure against the spiritual, el- sible counter-factors, will be discussed presently. The point is that the Mos- lem world is now, roughly, one; that as thus united it constitutes the back- bone of the opposition of the East o the West; that it is the accepted pro- tagonist of the Asiatic and African peoples in their stand against what they consider Europe's exploitation of themselves and their homeland, and her threat, too manifest in her multi- tudinous missionary activities, against those religious beliefs which have en- tered into the fashioning of their and their father's lives as truly and ,as thoroughly as Catholicity has mwov- en itself into the very structure of the Irish character. The abandonment, therefore, of the Mohammedanism of the Asiatic and the African and the acceptance of the Christianity of the European is tantamount to the aban- donment of one's--I may not say con- groul)s of oPI)OSed forces. For us the patent fact is .mfficient, the Islam that emerges from their interplay, lhowever scattered territorially, how- ever patchworky in culture, race and language, is at one in its opposition, am a religion, to Christianity and, as a social and civil polity, to European civilization as a whole. Not Worse Than Pagan Rome The two broad reasons we have of- fered in explanation of the failure of our missionaries to make a worth- while impression on the Moslem world were sought in the very nature of Mo- hamlnedanism, in its carnal and its quasi-national character. Are there no other reasons, on our own part per- haps, perhaps on the part of the mis- sionaries themselves? Obviously there must be. For were the conversion of the Moslem unqualifiedly impossible it would not during this month be, so tinental, so I must write--national in- [ earnestly recommended to the prayers terests and the betrayal of life's most of our Associates, After all, carnai sacred trtigL Christians do not as a though Mohammedanism admittedly le mix their religion and their poll- is, and so far forth a State religion tics. Mohammedans must needs do SO. '  ', ' Moslem Unity It is rather the fact of this Moslem unity, with its consequences hostile to the spread of Christianity, that pri- marily interests us now, not the cir- cumstances contributing to it or mak- ing for its disruption. A few words concerning these circumstances, how- ever, will help towards an under- standing of the unity they have , brought to pass. Unity of Mohammedanism Surely as a factor for unity among the nations accepting' Mohammedan- ism the simplicity and directness of the Prophet's teaching merits first place. If he who runs may under- stand that teaching, there scarcely is room for difference of religious opin- ion. Schims there have been, and there are today rival schools of theo- logians, yet it is a matter of marvel how united in belief and practice are the tw hundred and thirty millions of Mohammedans, despite their lack of claim to a supreme and infallible ec- clesiastical head. A second unifying factor is the Caliphate. The Caliph is the spiritual leader of the Moslem Church, not so thoroughgoing a leader as our Pope but in certain respects comparable to him, and, though often a weak man, such is the prestige of his office that magnet-like he draws the component parts of Islam togeth- er around one focal point. A third such factor should be reckoned the Hajj, the pilgrimage to Mecca, the holy city of the Prophet, the city from which all infidels are barred. Annu- ally a hundred thousand pilgrims meet, gathered from wherever the far-flung Moslem faith is professed, and departing they bring with them to their remote homes a new sense of unity with other Moslem peoples. A fourth factor, greater in its present- day efficacy than any or all of the foregoing, is the gigantic propaganda, maintained by certain patriotic or rev- olutionary-one makes one's own choice of epithets--Mohammedan groups, through sundry publications circulating from Morocco to the Fiji Islands. Thus does the Mohmnmedan in India enter into a sort of fellow-I ship with, say, his coreligionist in] I Palestine, sympathizing with him in I what he regards as an intrusion of] i Zionist Jews into one of his home" countries. Other factors I dare say that its repudiation is wont to be re- garded as lese-majesty| yet I .fancy no stronger arraignment on the score 0f carnality could be brought against the Moslems than was brought by St. Paul against the Romans of his day; nor could it possibly be shown that the welfare and the existence of the states of Islam, not even loosely con- federated among themselves, ame in the estimation of Moslems as inextri- cably bound up in the acceptance of Mohammedanism as was the existence of compact Rome supposed te stand or fall with the maintenance or the rejection of her state religion. Pantheon-Mosque History has a trick of repeating it- self. The story of Rome's Pantheon may yet be the story of the incom- parably lovely Mosque of Sultan Ha- san, in Cairo, when worshiping throngs therein will bow in reverence as the "Gloria Patri" is chanted at Vespers er the "Verbum Care factum eat" is sung at Hol Mass. So at any rate did St. Francis Asslssi dream, when he journeyed to Palestine to convert the Saracens; so too St. Igna- tius, when three centuries later he followed in the footsteps of Assissi; and so St. Vincent de Paul, when, a captive and' in chains at Tunis, he converted his infidel master. Why did not the dreams of these holy men come true ? Why were their longings frustrated ? Why the apparent pes- simism of Xavier? One reason un- doubtedly was that their zealous ef- forts were not reenforced by the pray- ers of the faithful. Possibly if Xavier had behind his labors the concerted prayer of Christendom, his short mis- sionary life would not at times have been so darkened by disappointments. So today it may well be that the work of our missionaries among Moham- medan peoples is comparatively fruit- less--it is not difficult to count the Moslems who by a slow process as it were of seepage make their individ- ual submission to Holy Church--be- cause we'at home do not storm Heav- en in our prayers that the fruitage of souls 'may be abundant. Again, the laborers in the missionary field are all too few. Here once more the fault is ours, in part at least, for the Master has Himself set a condition for His sending laborers into His vineyard, o- wlt, our antecedent prayer. On the laborers too there most probably rests some measure of responsibility for their lack of spiritual success. A cer. lain species of devil requires for bis there are tending to Moslem unity, casting forth fasting ucded to prayer. Hard-working and zealous and morti- fied, the laborrs may be just not ]hard-working and zealous and mort- I fled enough. Let there be a union, /however, of these two forces, the pc,- [severing prayer of a faithful people (By N. C. W. C. News See'vice) Cologne, Oct. 8.--Emigration statis- tics for the first six months of 1923, which have just been published, show that 40,872 German emigrants sailed from German and Dutch ports during that period. Of this number, 16,686 were women. Most of the emigrants went to South American countries. CATHOLIC PRESS IN FRANCE SHOWS NOTABLE PROGRESS (By N. C. W: C. News Serivce) Paris, Oct. 12.--The annual con- t gress of the "Bonne Presse," which has just come to a close here, showed the remarkable progress made by the Catholic publications published by this firm. During the last year the circle- lation of the daily edition of "La Croix" increased by 11,000, while the circulation of the Sunday edition in- creased by 50,000. The same proper- tion holds good for the other pub{- catlon of this house. As for the moving picture section, it has had an equally remarkable devel- i opment. Two hundred and ten new machines were installed this year, of which 50 motion picture machines and .i! 158,000 lantern slides were shipped out, while 550,000 meters of films were placed at the disposal of patron- ages amt four million meters were exhibited. The reports on press propaganda ' revealed some remarkable examples of devotion and initiative on the part of individuals working for the in- creased circulation of Catholic papers. A case was cited where a young man eighteen years old, in the Department of Pas-de-Calais, had made calls on 260 families and had succeeded in ob- taining 150 new subscriptions for "La Croix." MINNEAPOLIS SCHOOLS TO EXCUSE CHILDREN FOR RELIGIOUS COURSE (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Minneapolis, Oct. 19.--Children in the Minneapolis public schools will be afforded an opportunity to have re- ligious instruction during school hours, according to action taken by the Board of Education in authorizing the Superintendent of Schools to try this plan in three of the school dis- tricts. If it proves feasible, it is planned to extend the system throughout the cy. Children whose parents so desire will be excused three hours each eek for religious instruction by teachers to be selected by the respective churches. Public school buildings will not be used for the purpose, nor will anything be done that will necessitate an expenditure of public funds. a PRIEST PLUNGED INTO ACID FUMES TO GIVE VICTIM LAST RITES Capitaiae two hundred and thirty million adher- belt strong, appeal of Christianity. To but these are outstanding. C. W. C. News Service) eats. Mark well what that number the man who follows fleshliness, not Hundred Languages means--about one out of every seven in spite of his religious principles and Disruptive forces, however, tug at Oct. 8.The movement in of the earth's population is a Mostem. convictions but because of them, the Islam's unity from all sides. Besides gainer alcoholism and the Originally restricted to the Arabian "Blessed are the clean of heart" of the the schisms and heresies of which has taken a new lease Red Sea littoral, there is today no con- Master and the "Eye hath not seen" mention has already been made, there Before the war there ............................................................................................................................................... (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Perth Amboy, N. J., Oct. 20.--The Rev. John Larkin of ,St. Mary's Cath- olic church here, risked his life to ad- minister the Last Sacraments to Mat- thew Knishenski of Sayreville when the latter was deluged with acid from a bursting tank. Father Larkin was called from the rectory and, although the fumes from the acid had driven others back, he unhesitatingly entered the building of this nature which prominence but it seemed to have died headed by the Elpidius has m- in the anti-al- and a great dem- held at Erfurt in Thur- meeting adopted resolu- evITone to give up lux- Particularly those the use of intoxicants a time when every el- to combat starvatio LITTLE ROCK COLLEGE Seven Miles From City--Pulaski Heights--Street Car Service the General Bakelite Company's plant, where the accident lock place, and ad- ministered the last rites of the Church. Knishenski died a few mo- ments after he received the Sacra- meats. Fall Term Opens Tuesday, Sept. 25 CLASSICAL, SCIENTIFIC, PRE-MEDICAL, PRE-ENGINEERING, SENIOR UNIT, RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS, U. S. A. / For Particuhrs Apply to RE). ALBERT L. FLETCHER, President. COURSES: