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October 23, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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October 23, 1920

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T ' 0 PTI MIS T! C , OVER-POLAND PEOPLE WILL DEFEID IREE- DOM NOW THEIRS AFTER A CENTURY OF YEARNING AND STRUGGLING. Judge Charles C. Paine of Massa- chusetts, a former member of the Harbor and Land Commission, was interviewed recently upon his return from Poland, where for the past eight months he has been engaged in law practice at Warsaw. Judge Paine gave the following notes of observa- tion to A. J. Philpot of the Boston Globe: Will Not Become Bolsheviki. "No on need have any fear about Poland's becoming Bolsheviki," said Judge Paine, "for the hatred of Russia and everything Russian is too deeply rooted in the Polish people. They were pretty badly used by both Austria and Germany in the past, but the humilia- tion and suffering imposed on them by Russia were of a kind they cannot easily forget. The wonder is they were ever able to retain their national spirit under Russian rule." "You have no fear then that the Russians will overrun Poland?" he was asked. "None whatever, and what is more there isn't a Power in Europe that could wrest her nationality from Po- land now," was the reply. "I firmly believe every Polish man, woman and child would have to be killed off be- fore Poland could be conquered by anybody. Poles Would Defend Freedom. "The Poles have been yearning and struggling for their freedom for more than 100 years and anybody who would attempt to take it away from l them now would have to pay a price l in blood such as no nation could af- ford to pay. "And there need be no fears "about their Government. The Poles are a remarkably intelligent people and pa- tient. They want their own Govern- ment and they are going to have the kind of Government they want. And they want a stable Government. They are anxious to get their young men back from this war and settle down, and i think everything will be settled so that they can return to work very soon." "Have the Russians overrun much of the country?" was another ques- tion, to which the reply was: "No. They aimed to cut off com- munication between Warsaw and Dan- zig, and the territory they went through was not a rich territory. It had been devastated several times by the Russians and Germans since 1914. Americans More Nervous. Asked "Do you think the Bolshevik idea will spread over Europe ?" Judge Paine replied: "No. I think people in this country are more nervous about the Bolsheviks than the people of Europe. I can only speak with anything like authority for Poland, and I am sure the Bolsheviki of Paderewski, but they realize that he has limitations as an executive and I think he realizes that himself." "Is Gen. Pilsudski an able man?" "Yes, he is a godd soldier. The sol- diers all love him." "Who broke the Bolshevik drive?" "I think it was Gen. Weygand and l the other French officers who came with him and directed affairs for awhile. The trouble was in Danzig. The Germans would not let the neces- sary military supplies come through, but Gen. Weygand put a stop to that opposition and told Sir Regnal Tower, the British official in charge at Dan- zig, that the Polish war supplies nmst go through at once'whether the Ger- man worklnen wanted to handle them or not. From that moment things changed." No Persecution of Jews. "Are the Jews being persecuted in Poland ?" "I saw no signs of persecution in Warsaw, where most of the Jews are, and I don't think there is any thought or idea of such a thing as a pogrom. In order to understand the Jewish sit- uation in Poland you have to know the Poles. They are a very deeply patriotic people. Their love of coun- try is a sacred thing to them. There is some feeling against the Jews, but it is not hatred by any means. It comes from the fact that when the Germans took Warsaw the Jews be- came friendly with the Germans and showed the latter where the copper and cotton and other supplies were kept. The Germans seized all these things and sent them back into Ger- many. The Jews were with whoev was in power. "I am sure there will be a great exodus of Jews from Poland to the United States this year and the next --1,000,000 or more." Judge Paine, who is stopping at the Harvard Club, will return to Warsaw very soon. He came over to Boston to see about releasing $150,000 of Po- land's money that is in the Hanover Trust Company. ENGLISH CATHOLICS PUBLICLY PRAY FOR IRELAND (By N. C. W. C. News Service) London, Sept. 21.--As a public act of intercession for Irelaed, English and Irish Catholics took part in a public procession last Sunday, through the sreets of London in hon- or of the Blessed Oliver Plunket. The procession started out from the great Church of St. Patrick in Soho Square, and, accompanied by banners and the emblems of various confra- teruities, the processionists took their way to Tyburn, to the actual spot where the Irish Primate suffered mar- tyrdom for the Faith. On its way to Tyburm the procession passed the Church of St. Giles-in-the-Fields, ,here the remains of the Martyr were first buried. Chanting hymns and reciting the rosary, thousands of the faithful, bearing in their midst the Sacred Relics of Blessed Oliver Plunket, passed over the very route along THE GUARDIAN, SATUR DAY, OCrOBER 28, 90. DIOCESAN NOTES FORT SIVIITH. Death of Brave Engineer. Thomas Renfroe, a victim of the re- cent railroad accident at Welestka Okla., bravely met his death in obe- dience to an official call requiring his return to Fort Smith on the ill-fated train. His funeral service brought togeth- er a large number of Fort Smith citi- zens, among whom he was held in the highest esteem. Very Rev. P. H. Horan, D.D., pas- torof the Immaculate Conception Church, celebrated the Requiem Mass and gave the absolution prayers at the grave in the Catholic cemetery. Two years ago Mr. Renfroe was mar- ried to Miss Elizabeth Shaw. The marriage was ideally happy, and the young husband proved the sunshine of the Shaw home, for as his business took his away so much, the young couple lived with the bride's parents. Mr. Renfroe was so good-hearted and generous that, as a railway official voiced it, "He would take his shirt off his back and give it to a tramp." Deep sympathy is felt for the young wife in her great and unlooked-for sorrow. The grave in the cemetery was covered with a wealth of beauti- ful flowers, many friends who had known and loved him paying the trib- ute of heir presence. The pall bear- ers, selected from his brother train- men, were C. W. Warren, W. Matney, Tom Mailer, W. J. Miller, G. S. Mc- Keown and Ira Sherman. Birthday Party. Mr. and Mrs. Joe Koeller of 117 North Eighteenth street, celebrated the seventh birthday of their small daughter, Anna Marie, Friday after- noon from 4 to 6 o'clock. An ice course was served at 5. Among those present were Katherine Spear, Loretta Smith, Louise Moore, Mary Fenolio, Marie Carabaugh, Bugger Snitzer Mary Spear, Mary Ann Verfurth, Mil- dred Hammerslee, Elizabeth Bercher Josephine Bercher, Josephine Moore and Masters Chas. Mankin and De- meetre Loris. Kerwin-Theurer Nuptials. A quiet, but beautiful marriage service was solemnized Tuesday morn- ing when, just before Nuptial Mass in the Church of the Immaculate Con- ception, Very Rev. P. F. Horan, D.D., officiating, Miss Ala Theurer, young- est daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Martine J. Theurer, became the bride of Wil- liam Gerald Kerwin, son of Mr. and Mrs. John Kerwin. The altars and chancel were lovely wfth cannas, golden rod, ferns and palms. W. J. Murphy, Jr., and Charles Coffey acted as ushers. A beautiful program of wedding music had been arranged by the organist, Mrs. Erben Maddet. Miss Gladys Krone contribute a violin solo and the beautiful solos and duets in the Mass were sung by Mrs. Fred Mock and Mrs. Will Murphy, Mr. "Goss Dansby and Fred Limberg. The bride was lovely in a tailored suit of blue tricotine, blue velvet hat, brown shoes Knights of Columbus Society Activities SUPREME KNIGItT TELLS OF VISIr TO PONTIFF Says He Is Conversant With Condi- tions in the United States--Sends His Blessing. (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Describing his interviews with the Holy Father, Pope Benedict XV, granted to the K. of C. pilgrims on heir recent visit to Rome, Supreme Knight Sir James A. Flaherty says: "To meet the head of the Catholic Church in his home and to talk with him--through an interpreter, of course--in a friendly, informal way, is a privilege given to few. As leader of the Knight" of Columbus Lafay- ette-Metz-Rome pilgrimage, I had that privilege. The formal reception tendered by the Pope to the Knights of Columbus pilgrims--the largest body of Americans ever to visit the Vatican at one time---had taken place on the day before my long private audience. It had been the longest public audience ever granted by the Pope, and it was public only in point of numbers. Holy Father Orders Promotion. "This formal audience marked my first personal acquaintance with the Pope. It was at this audience that I His Holiness, who never once took his eyes off mine during the course of my address, personally promoted me in the knighthood of St. Gregory the Great. Some months before he had created me, together with other of- ricers of the Knights of Columbus, a knight of St. Gregory. But while I stood before him on the steps "of the Papal throne he touched the emblem of my rank. 'Chevalier?' he asked, and immediately shook his head, and with a quick motion of his finger he turned to Monsignor Ceretti. 'No, no!' he exclaimed, 'Commander!' And he instructed Monsignor Ceretti to pre- pare the brief of promotion immedi- ately, so that I could take it with me from Rome. Granted Private Audience. "In the Pope's apartment on the day following, I learned at once what I had not had the chance to learn at the general audience--that the Pope had a sudden and keen glance, which he levels at the person before him. He is, of course, always dressed in white, but I observed that the slippers he wore were ornamented with gold and red silk embroidery. He is a small man, but gives the impression of physical power, and certainly his face, with the high forehead and prominent brow, has all the marks of the student upon it, but the student who is gifted with -practical energy. "His Holiness posseses a clear, con- vincing voice, and he throws his heart into everything he says. He has a firm grip, and while he held both my hands and spoke to me I knew he in- tended every word to be communi- cated to my brother members of the i supreme board of the Knights of Co- and saw him, bright-eyed and erect, I I test Ca the sun glinting on his faintly gray-/z-e( tinged hair and a fatherly smile on I his lips. It was Archbishop Ceretti, I NO DEFENSE the master mind of the Vatican's de-/ partment of extraordinary affairs, who said to me on leavetaking: " 'His Holimess is never so intense- ly interested as when he is talking to i Americans. I never saw a more cor- dial welcome than he gave you.' " LESSENED BIRTHRATE IN GERMANY A CAUSE OF CONCERN Most Serious Problem the Continent Has to Consider. (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Berlin, Oct. 2.--=The sudden and vio- lent politcal changes which have swept over Europe, and especially Germany, have in some measure served to ,dis -' tract national leaders from what' is probably the most serious problem the continent has to consider--that of the lessened birthrate. The following sta- tistics present an alarming picture: In 1851-1860 there were in Germany 35.37 births per 1,000. From 1871-1875 the numbers rose to 41 births per 1,000. In 1887 the birthrate decreased to 37.6 per 1,000. In 1880-1890 it decreased to 36.8 per 1,000. From 1890 to 1900 there was a still further drop to 36.1, and beginning with 1901 the decline was still more precipitate, the period 1901-1910 showing a rate of only 32.9. In 1913 the alarming decline had brought the rate down to 27 per 1,000, a decrease of 8.2 from the 1901 rate. In Austria in the same period the decrease wasJ.4; Switzerland, 5; Eng- land, 4.6; Netherlands, 4.2; Scotland, 4; Sweden, 3.9; France, 3.22; Den- mark, 3.1; Spain, 2.3; Hungary, 1.5; Italy, .08. The lowest birthrate tabulated was that in a police district of Berlin, which showed figures of 18.84 per 1,000 in 1913. Less Decrease Among Catholics. It is notable that in Catholic prov- inces and states the decrease of births is. much less than in Protestant parts of the Republic. Protestant statisti- cians declare that the Catholic insti- tution of Confession exerts a favor- able influence on the birthrate. Fur- thermt're, the entire Catholic viev- point of life, which looks upon this world merely as a preparation for the hereafter, and which has its basis in a !firm reliance in a future state, fur- !nishes an unusually strong protection against the vices of materialism. - I These ominous facts of the down- ward curve in the German birthrate have been well established in a recent book by Herr Fessbender, a Catholic member of the Reichstag, called "The Determination of the German People to Live" (Herder, Fribourg). This book does not restrict itself to the question of how to increase the birthrate, but forms a compendium of most invaluable information on life statistics. Catholics of Germany have been pleased to call it the most corn- (N. C. W. C. Rome, Oct. 17.--The in all disturbances, false reports to the for protection upon not on machine guns. published in that the Vatican waSi! guard to resist attacks aries, caused the No one conected with dreamed of pr lense of the Vatican port was spreed in rifles for the Swiss posting of machine )oints, as described isted only in the The uniform of the not been changed, have never adopted only modification of itS that adopted four initiative of Colonel who, after historical the dress flags of the fifteenth century modelSi The Pope, tioned in private should be done in the vision against never would authorize nary arrangement to replied that he would in Divine Providence. In 1915, after Italy'S the world war, His official offers from the and bishops to go to Escurial Palace would disposal. The Holy expressing his the offer. The Pope same disposition. Rev. DL Rev. Dr. Paschal lector of medieval olic University, cently has been Visitor to the Holy riat. This ject the providing of for the maintenance sanctuaries and in Palestine. Similar with the same object France, Spain and ent the financial commissariats is very q fore the Holy See sent son as visitor. DUBLIN (N. C. W. C. Dublin, Oct. priests by British grave development of tion. At Dunmore, County Very Rev. Dean ing ,an armed man'in the church and tion to leave. The dren were te Macken continued wards he found an ing the people that have no power or influence there. They've put out a good deal of propa- ganca in Poland, but the Poles laugh at it, and call it another Russian trick." Poland Very Rich. "Of course Poland itself is a very rich country. It is rich in coal, oil, minerals, 'agriculture and by no means insignificant in manufactures. The city of Lodz, which is 75 miles west of Warsaw, is another Manchester in its manufacturing enterprisesnbt- ably cotton and woolen goods. War- saw itself is a city of about 1,000,000 inhabitants at present, and, consider- ing that it'has been conquered and under 13 different Governments in the past five years, it is really a wonder- fully prosperous and peaceful city. I don't remember having seen a drunk- en man in Warsaw in the six months or more I 'was there. Worships United States. "There is only one Nation the Poles have any use for, and that is the United States. They fairly worship this country. They regard Mr. Hoover almost as a god, and I think his pic- ture is in every peasant's home in the entire Republic His committee is still doin great work in the country. "I think the most impressiqe Fourth of July celebration I ever saw was in "Warsaw last Fourth. I saw 20,000 childrenneatly dressed childrenin a parade.that day, and I never saw a celebration, or hope to see one, that was so orderly and dignified and im- pressive in every way as that celebra- tion. It made an impression on the French and the English too--they didn't like it any too well. It prob- ably seemed a little partial to them." Weygand Breaks Drive. "What kind of crops has Poland had this year?" "Very good, in the parts'not affect- ed by the war. But she will need some assistance in spite of the crops, for you eee she has been keeping 1,000,000 men in the field." "What has become of Paderewski ?" "He Ias a position on the League of Nations. The Poles think a great deal' which the Martyr was borne to his and gloves. Her corsage was of death. Large numbers of people I bride's roses and valley lilies. A wed- along the route viewed the solemn pa- I ding breakfast was served to the fam- geant of prayer and intercession for lilies of the bride and groom later at Ireland in respectful silence. There lthe Theurer home, and after being were some who viewed without sym- showere d with best wishes and con- pathy, and many more who gazed on gratulations, the happy young couple the praying marchers without any un- derstanding. Nevertheless, the spec. tacle of this multitude praying de- voutly for Ireland, and forming, as it were, 'a bodyguard about the Relic., of the martyred Irish Primate who suffered death for the Faith almost in the heart of London, 'created a pro- found impression. Although many Irish Catholics took part in the  procession, it was organ- ized by the English Guild of Our Lady of Ransoms, which was founded for the conversion of England. The spot where Blessed Oliver Plunker met his death is now marked by a brass tablet placed in the middle of the road, at the junction of Oxford street and Edgeware road, and a few yards from where the convent of the Tyburn nuns now stands. The brass tablet is in the form of a triangle, which was the shape of the Tyburn gallows, and bears the inscription "Here stood Tyburn Tree, removed 1750." FOREIGN MISSION SOCIETY'S GROWTH (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Ossining, N. Y., Oct. 18.The com- munity of the American Foreign Mis- sion Society here, now nine years old, numbers 240 persons. There are twenty-five priests, sixty-five students of philosophy and theology, seventy- five preparatory collegians, twenty auxiliary brothers and fifty-five sis- ters. The first section of the preparatory college, the Venad, near Scranton, Pa., is now completed and excavation has been made, and the foundation laid for the first portion of the per- manent seminary at Ossining. The seminary is designed to accommodate 800. left on a wedding trip to Dallas and other points in the South. The bride is an alumnae of the Fort Smith High School. The groom was educated at St. Anne's, the Fort Smith High School and St. Edward's College in Texas. Later he was selected by the War Department for a special course in Tulane University. He is in busi- ness with his father. On their return Mr. and Mrs. Kerwin will be in their own pretty bungalow, 419 Twenty- third street. FRANCE RESTORING RELIGIOUS PROPERTY SEIZED BY NATIOI (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Paris, Sept. 30.Return of ecclesi- astical properties seized and held by the Government under the "law of separation" indicates the better .con- dition in which the Church in France finds itself since the war. Numerous !instances of this policy of restitution by the civil authorities have been re- corded in the last several months. It is announced in the Oran Reli- gious Weekly that the episcopal resi- dence of the town has been restored to the present Bishop. In the town of Aire, the municipal council, to which had been given the Bishop's palace and the little seminary, has unanimously offered to turn these back to the Bislop. The general council of the Morbi- hart has authorized the sale of the little seminary of St. Anne d'Auray so that eventually ,it may be purchased y the Bishop. Cardinal Dubois re- cently made known through the Reli- gious Weekly that he was to resume his residence in the former Bishop's palace at Rouen, and added that the civil authorities offered him 'every fa- cility to occupy it. lumbus. "'I am profoundly impressed b.y you and your Knights,' he declared. 'It has been an intense pleasure for me to receive men from so many sec- tions of your great country, all ani- mated by the same lofty purpose---of promoting the interests of their coun- try and,exemplifying their sturdy Christian faith in Rome.' "Pope Benedict knows of the unrest and insurgency that is going about the world. In Italy it appeared to me and to many others in the Knights of Columbus party to be especially marked. But the Pope, like his pre- I decessor, Pope Plus X, preaches the  economic doctrines of the great ency- clicals of Leo XIII, in which the entire foundation of the relations between capital and labor are set forth. "I explained to His Holiness how the K. of C. sent experienced lecturers through the United States to fight ex- treme radicalism,.and with what sub- stantial success these lecturers met. The Pope commended the work and declared that only through correct propaganda" could evil propaganda be defeated. "The Pope spoke of America as erie who had studied this country much. 'Yours is the land of great oppor- tunity,' he said, 'but you must not permit material prosperity to obscure the need for moral progress.' Sends Blessing to America. "The Pope vigorously condemned the attempt of certain uplifters to in. terfere in the religious life of Italy. He made it very plain that Italians do not need uplift, and one had only to study the obvi" ils decency and spir- ituality of the faces of the ordinary men and women of good Italian. stock to know that uplifters are merel, per- sons of no very necessary occupation in Rome. "At the conclusion of my interview with the Pope, he displayed great emotion. He embraced and urged me to return o Rome. His last words were that I should take my country- men his blessing. My final glance of the Pope was as I left his apartment prehensive national and popular work on vital statistics-from an economic, ! social and moral viewpoint that has appeared in Germany. Two prominent non-Catholic au- thorities on the subject have praised the book highly: Councilor Seeberg of Berlin University, a well-known evangelistic theologian, declares in hls work, "The Reformation," that it is the best work on such statistics that Germany possesses, and Dr. Chris- tians does not resitate to say, in a periodical of the Central rnstitute for National Welfare, that the work of Fassbender is not only to be consid ered as a sign of the times, but must be welconed as a portent of a new era. Many German bishops have rec- ommended Herr Fassbender's work, not only for parish libraries, but as an excellent treatise to be used i )riests' conferences. 'LITTLE FLOWER'S" SISTER SENDS GIFT TO THE SHRINE (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Washington, D. C., Oct. ll.The sister of the "Little Flower of Jesus" has sent to Rev. Dr. Bernard A. Mc- Kenna, of the Cath61ic University,-a copy of the oil portrait of Sister Teresa she painted in 1912. It Will be hung in the Salve Regina chapel at the University. The painter of the picture is a nun in the Carmelite con- vent at Lisieux, France, where Sister eresa spent her last days in this world, and is "Celine," of whom the "Little Flower" speaks so often in her autobiography--"The Story of a Soul." A Catholic woman of Cleveland who obtained a great favor through the intercession/of Sister Teresa, men- tioned the fact to the Carmelites of Lisieux when she visited their con- vent, and told them of the Shrine to be erected in Washington. The "Lit- tle Flower's" sister promised then to send a copy of the picture. PATRONIZE OUR ADVERTISERS. be burned and they up, if the mails wetS: The Dean, buked the military religious service and among innocent people? LONDON (N. C. W. C. London, Oct. Aloysius Maguire, Glasgow, died illness, uring part cese was of Galloway, Monsignor Archbishop to the archbishopric first archbishop to the pallium in Glasg of the reformation. Glasgow of Irish serrated auxiliary in ceeded Archbishop FRIENDS OF IR I14 COUNCIL AT (By N. C. W. C .lg' Notre Dame, Ind,, Dame University had a council of lumbus formed the student body. rates of the formed a branch Irish Freedom, filiation with the officers elected are Youngstown, OhiO, Dacey, Caldwell, Alfonso Scott, Los retary, and Henry rion, Ohio, nelius Haggerty dent. CHINA Under a re ment China is strides in flour mills and modern machinerY