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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
October 23, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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October 23, 1920
 

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N i! ersons o Note 00NCYCUCAL oN 00DSVENDmAOF Books of Interest i!i s that th( the a/)ost] CRED SCRIPTURES. bloodshed for sixty-five years among years old. His London" publisher was fildren as SllOtlld 11t diat ealted position he is to : one's political views, Mr. resident, and as long as / 'it(Ji'lff John B. Murray, V.G., :. of Cincinnati Diocese, o rweek, was assistant to ?s, all(] IO i.gerald for two years when Ctall.t Chf,,.as pastor of St. Patrick's Dill heave,, urabus, Ohio. angelus b|' : at the ri !i Judge Crain " :k is the latest prominent " etc. OUnce the absence of re- [):q 7cas ' the ,,atl I discove d I bapt e walcr a ,aptized I, r, and ell hat shouh entire 1 t you dili s'ati sly hi m. '.['he'i rest be pii e water, i:)! the school room. The Na- !0lie Welfare Council has 011OWing item to all the Llaers of the country: idictment of the Godless lucation of American Pub- 2has been voiced by Judge i:T. Crain, New York jurist, that "educators of all }religious belief lament the [':estrictions which permit l-be taught geography, but : the God who made the Y, but not about the God 1 the flower; physiology, 9lit the God who built the !ll.Omy, bu not about the guides the stars; history, ism was I al'v of thi :gt the Divine Providence ...... affairs; bunmn laws, but [I(H sacr " iae commands for human CO ,.: tbt l)y "not mean i.,:iiicidentally that they do knowl- some l i. 1,aP GOd, but that the basic r' respecting His existence, baptisn/a::_ of the universe, His /i Jistice, His love, His ml)tized O COmmandments, the ina- the human soul--the shall re h and the relation which ,).,q .t fMth bear to it--the .7' ')' L:t Pray and the efficacy of vm ])oU!J[i th e '-. sources of spiritual I be clear are not definitely and in the varying de- 1 or profundity as tV age and mental de- li ell laUpils. tion of human life,,' :fled Crain, "must be pos- e to know what must be education. It is the ' lllay is the pronounce- is the voice not of God which certifies -- between the cradle and  10 a minute segment of Soul's existence. It is that tells a mortal be the cause of fulfill the purpose of was made to glorify Words are a powerful the* parochial schools the Catholic Church of thousands of chil - to love and fear de Valera, President of the Irish in this country and to herself. The fol- With her was secured of the "Brooklyn pretty Valcour Cot- Summer School De Valera a few days years of British all that that implies of her recent the first lady of the looked worn and was about her noth- suggest discourage- eyes anld Titian hair, and buoyant air, hopeful Celt. to the Catholic sum- Lake Champlain in President De Valera. trip together since had escaped from ago; it was, too, Mrs. De Valera as she called him, of Ireland on the of the day, the her husband, and the her .by the Mrs. De Valera Was the spiritual note her mind when that I could reach and indeed all the to ask their pray- Everywhere I if Ireland is to be be by aid from Irish people real- t% hands are were the arms of top. ever: is the religious unhappy peolle. !:sUstains them in the: " 'Sacred Heart of Jesus, I trust in  Thee that all may go well with Ire- hind.' " "The Sacred Heart," declared Mrs. De Valera, "is Ireland's hope. And to their devotion the people are joining the offering of each day's crosses and trials--AlL all for Thee, that Thy will may be done in Ireland." Great Faith of the Irish People. It is Mrs. De Valera's fondest hope that the aspiration to the Sacred eart will soon be on the lips of every Catholic in America. There was a pathetic appeal in her eyes as she leaned forward eagerly to ask: "Do you think you can get all the Catholic women, especially, to join in this cru- sade to the Sacred Heart? "Oh, if you could see how much re- liance our people are planning in this devotion, I'm sure you'd be mnazed," she said. "I saw one man arrested, not long since, for advocating the Irish Bond sale. He was poor and quite unable to assert his rights as a political prisoner. i "He was taken from his home and five children; he was thrown into jail and every article of comfort was re- moved from his cell--even the mat- tress. All he pleaded with them to leave was a small picture of the" Sacred Heart." Tears were in the good lady's eyes as she recalled scenes in the British prisons. One of the most pathetic sights she witnessed was the recep- tion of Holy Communion by the Irish prisoners who crone to the altar rail with hands manacled behind their backs. Mrs. De Valera was indignant when it was said that some accuse the Irish of throwing religion and every re a straint to the winds in the desperation of their resistance. "Far from it," she cried, "little do they appreciate the spirit tlmt moves the Irish people. Never was Ireland so thoroughly pos- sessed of the spiritual ideals." One cannot but feel the impetus that women like Mrs. De Valera give to the movement for Irish independ- ence. She was born in Dublin, was graduated from the National Univers- ity in that city and for several years taught there as professor of Gaelic. In Irish circles, she is recognized as a sound scholar, a gifted elocutionist and a woman of initiative. But it is as a pious Irish mother that I shall remember her and so too will those who saw the expression on her face, when, after cheers had been given for the President and Mrs. De Valera, some one cried: "Three cheers for the little de Valeras." A F2tLSE ALARM. The Church Progress of St. Louis declares that it has received informa- tion from Chicago that a manifesto' was issued in that city declaring among other things that "none of the existing American political parties is willing to oppose Rome, and that no candidate will displease the priests." The implied charge of intermeddling in American politics by the Pope and the priests is gratuitous. It is an at- tempt to drag bigotry to the poles. There is no special reason why Cath- olics should become excited over evi- dence of such aninms. Like the poor, we have it always with us. Those who traffic on it are capable of meth- ods too small to be followed out and too contemptible to be treated with anything higher than scorn. Rome has its own work to do. When it has time to devote to American politics, it has nothing to excuse its existence. The priests have .likewise work of their own to accomplish. It is inter- esting work and those who are bene- fited by it are usually more grateful than the recipients of political favors. The priest who quits the sanctuary for politics deserves whatever of sus- picion the narrow-minded and the big- oted can turn upon him. The Chi- cago report need cause no special alarm.--The .Transcript, Hartford, Conn. PRIEST SCIENTIST AWARDED GOLD MEDAL I (By N. C. W. C. News Service" Paris, Sept. 30.--The Archaeologi- cal Society of Southern France has awarded the "Jeton d'Or" (gold medal), the highest reward within their power, to the learned anthropol- ogist, Fr. Breuil, a Sulpician, who was lately appointed doctor honoris causa by the niversity of Cambridge. The medal was bestowed by Mr Emile Cartailhac, correspondent of the institute, in the course of an excur- sion to-the cavern in the Pyrenees, where the eminent, professor of human ' paleontology achieved some of his greatest di.cOveries. ,- ....  '" (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Rome, Sept. 30.--Under date of September 15, taking occasion of the fifteenth centenary of the death of St. Jerome, His Holiness issued an En- cyclical Letter on the great Doctor of the Church and his work. The title is Spiritus Paraclitus and the Encycli- cal covers thirty-seven pages of a spe- cial issue of the Acta Apostolicae Sedis. The follow.ing summary ap- pears in the Osservatore Romano: I, oremost Place. Among th' Saints who have adorned the Catholic Ctmrch not only with the heroism of virtue, but also with the splendor of doctrine, St. Jerome must surely take a foremost place: Saint in many ways, ascetic, penitent, and Doctor raised by God to interpret the Sacred Scriptures. On the fifteenth centenary of his death, the Aflgust Pontiff has drawn a picture of his merits in an Encyclical which appears in a special number of the Acta Apos- tolicae Sedis, with the particular ob- ject of teaching the great precepts re- garding the study of Sacred Scripture contained in the immoriai EnCyclical Providentissimus Deus of Leo XIII. Life and Work .of St. Jerome. He treats first of all of the life of the great Doctor, who was born at Stridone in I)almatia, baptized in Ronte, and consecrated the whole of his long life to the study and expla- nation of the Bible. While still young, having hardly learned Greek and Latin, he set himself to interpret the Prophet Abdias, and so great was his enthusiasm in this first effort in exegesis that he determined to give up everything and go to the East to complete his biblical studies in the very places, sanctified by the Divine Redeemer. There, while giving him- self up at the same time to the strict- est penitence and the closest study, he left nothing undone in his attempt at progress in sacred doctrine. He him- self tells us that he was pupil of Apollinarius of Iaodicea of Antioch, and that he learned Hebrew and Chal- dean from a convert Jew in the desert of Syria. For three years he was at Constantinople at the school of St. Gregory Nazianzcn; then he returned to Rome where he was of great serv- ice to Pope Damasus in the affairs of the Church. Doctor of Sacred Scriptures. But here, too, in spite of the great work of his new office, he never gave up his chosen studies, and being charged by the Pontiff to correct the Latin version of the New Testament, he carried out the work so well that it is the admiration of the learned even today. But he always looked toward the Holy Places, and as soon as Pope Damhsus died he made his way to Bethlehem, and having built refuge near the Presepium of Oristos, he gave himself up entirely to prayer and the Sacred Scripture. Still he did not consider that he was suffi- ciently prepared in the knowledge of Scripture, and he wandered through "Palestine in search of masters and texts to consult. It was thus that, while enriching his mind with new knowledge, he could carry out that immense labor of scriptural exegesis and polemics which stamps him the Doctor of the Sacred Scriptures given by Providence. Truthfulness of Bible. Having thus summed up the life of St. Jerome, the August Pontiff goes on to consider his teaching on the Divine dignity and the absolute trutll- fulne,-s of the Bible. He says that  from all the writings of the Doctor it is clear that he held firmly with the Catholic Church that the Sacred Books, written under the inspiration :of the Holy Spirit, have God for their Author, and it is as such that they :have been given to the Church itself. Scriptures Immune From Error. The Holy Father confirms that with many instances taken from the nu- merous works of St. Jerome, particu- larly those against heretics. Together with this teaching of St. Jerome are illustrated the solemn declaration of Leo XIII on the absolute immunity of the Sacred Scriptures from any error at all. The Pope than goes on to la- ment the levity and the pride of those who openly repudiate the infallible magisterium ofthe Church on this point, or underhaffdedly combat it. He approves indeed the zeal of those who give themselves to the study of texts and the varied researches in science and wise criticism, in order to over- -rome difficulties, but he deplores the :onduct of such as fall from the right ath through neglect of the teaching f Leo XIII and the'Fathers. He .alls special attention to the objec- t, ions arising from the sciences, physi- -al 'and historical, to conclude that.the inspiration f Scripture cannot be eight Sardinian families has finally been brought to an amicable end through the efforts of the Bishop of Temple, in whose diocese most of the families reside. In sixty-five years no less than seventy-five members of the different families had perished in their private warfare. At the instance of the bish- op a call was sent out for a recon- ciliation of the clans at Temple Pau- I sania, whither flocked 200 male rep-! I resentatives of the feudists, i q he Bishop celebrated high mass in the public barracks and delivered an! impressive sermon on Christian level and forgiveness. .The enemies of yes-] ter-lay then came forward to the im- pr(,vi'ed altar and, weeping upon one] another's necks, gave the ritual kiss i of peace. The oath of reconciliation l was then administered and the Bishop gave his blessing to the assemblage. The ceremony ended with the singing of a 're Deum. The King's procurator, the prefect and the mayor of Sasari were among those who attended the ceremony. THE BLESSING OF THE SEA. (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Paris, Sept. 30--A moving and pic- turesque ceremony was witnessed a few days ago at Port-en-Bessin when the Bishop of Bayeux, who had come to visit the fishermen, taking up again an old by-gone tradition, wearing his full pontifical garments, got into a boat and sailed up and down the coast to bless the sea. CATHOLIC SCIENTIST IS MURDERED WHILE READING BREVIARY (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Rome, Sept. 25.--Ecclesiastical and scientific Italy is mourning the loss of the eminent archaeologist, Canon Gaetano Millunzi, who was found murdered in his country home, near Palermo, where he was superintending the vintage, with three bullet Wounds in his chest. The assassins, who are believed to have been members of the mafia, are supposed to have fallen upon their victim while he was read- ing his breviary, which was found clutched in his hand. Canon Millunzi was distinguished in many walks of life and had been made a Chevalier by the Kirlg of Italy in recognition of his scientific achieve- ments. He belonged to the Commis- % sion for the preservation of the mon- uments in Italy and was universally loved on account of his charity and admired because of his piety. limited to any particular part of it, nor can a double truth in it be ad- mitted, absolute and relative. Holy Father Urgeg. Then he urges the Bishops to see 'to it that in the seminaries and -schools an exact conception is given of that inspiration as it has been handed down, not only by the Popes arid the Fathers, but by Christ Hiln: self. He enjoins on all, on the lines traced by St. Jerome, the reading and study of the Sacred Scripture, where is to be found the food for the spiritual life and the guide to the heights of Chris- tian perfection. Such as devote them- selves to explanation and teaching of the Bible, he reminds that the duty of all who thus comment is to put forth not their own opinion, but that which was intended by the Author, for it is a terrible danger if by a false interpretation of the Gospel of Christ the gospel of a man should be propounded. Better than the flower of oratory is sound learning and the candor of truth. Holy See Must Be Free. The Pope Concludes that fifteen hun- dred years after his death, St. Jerome is more than ever living, his voice resounds wonderfully from his works; he proclaims the importance, the in- tegrity and the historical authority of the Scriptures; he speaks of the great benefits to be derived from careful reading of them; he exhorts return to the practice of the Christian life and he utters the warning that the See of Peter, especially for the piety and love of the'Italians in whose land it was divinely established, must be held in such honor and must enjoy such liberty as is absolutely required by the dignity and the very exercise of the Apostolic Office. He prays, too, that those Christian peoples who are unhappily separated from the Mother Church, especially the well-belved OrientMs, may return anew to Her in whom alone is all hope of eternal salvation. Expect nothing from those who promise a great deal. "The Guardian" is in receipt of the October number of the splendid little magazine by the Sisters of Mt. Car- reel Order--known popularly over the world as the Carmelite Sisters. Un- der such a publishing management, we expect a magazine issue to be singu- larly identified with what is of sub- stantial merit for short Catholic read- ing. The Little Flower Magazine sup- plements all our expectations. It is of a very careful edition of events and stories, pious and withal most inter- esting. A ready time-filler and a mind improver, just what a small Catholic magazine is intended for. The Carmelite Sisters undertake this pious labor in order to help out their difficult mission in educating the quite neglected children in sparsely settled sections of Oklahoma, Indian children especially, with now an influx of the Mexicans. Bishop Meerschaert I of Oklahoma diocese has approved and blessed this Catholic press effort for the advancement of his diocesan people. With the presence of the Carmelite Fathers in" our own diocese of Little Rock, professors of theology in St. John's Seminary, this effort of our! Carmelite ;orkers in neighboring Oklahoma will be of special appeal. Subscription price is $2.00 a year. Those interested may apply to Rev. Father Edward Soles, O. C. D., at Little Rock College, Little Rock, Ark. FATHER TABB'S POEMS. No Catholic library is complete without the refreshing installment of "Father Tabb's Poems." Among tbe literary "exotics" of Maryland, Father Tabb held a prom- inent place. So secluded was his life as professor at St. Charles College, near Ellicott City, and so shy and un- obtrusive his nature, that for many years only a small circle of intimate friends and a few scholars of note in the literary world were aware of his attainments. Now and then an.ex- quisite fugitive poem or smart bit of doggerel would stray into the edito- rial sanctums of the Baltimore pa- pers and astonish the staff with either its beauty or wit, revealing the power of expressing nmltum in parvo.. Perhaps Father Tabb's "Eolution," which has been so much quoted, is one of the best exemplars of the ethe- real technique which sustains the power and beauty of his poetry. It runs : Out of the dusk a shadow, Then a spark; Out of the cloud a silence, Then a lark; Out of the heart a rapture, Then a pain; Out of the dead cold ashes, Life again! In 1894 when the poet-priest's first modest little volume of poems was published, encomiums came from all John Lane, who had just sent ou a biography of Lord de Tabley, which provoked the following amusing lines from the Father's pen: Latest news About "the mews." Lord Tab-lee And John Tabb B. Lift up their strain In the self-same Lane, Alas, but that's The way with cats! His high opinion of Poe took the form of reverence for his memory in the pilgrimages he made to the poet's grave in Westminster Churchyard, out , on West Baltimore street, renmte from the activities of the city. On all occasions he took up the cudgels for Poe as his burning satire and witty retorts bear witness. For example his rapier thrust anent the author of "The Raven" and the Hall of Fame. Again when he annihilated one of Poe's modern critics who happened to have a fortunate name for the pun- ster: If Harry Thurston Peck at Poe His Peck-ability to slmw, 'Tis well for him that such a foe No longer can return the blow. A few years before his death dur- ing the season of Lent lm sent one of his non-Catholic friends a cartoon of himself, which he drew with his own pen. It pictured a gaunt-looking ascetic who had never known the pleasures of the table. Beneath was this legend: This is a Catholic priest Who in piety never increased; With the world and the devil He kept on a level Though from flesh he was wholly released. A lover of nature and a deep stu- dent of mankind, he derived real en- joyment from the beautiful country about him and the companionship of his students, who became endeared to him through his humor in the class- room, his talks on birds and wood- craft and his performances on the piano. This phase of his character stands out in the dedication of his :book on English grammar: To My Pupils Past, Present and Future Perfect, Imperfect and Pluperfect. Averse to crowds and festivities, he had an antipathy for the public eye, but was en rapport with the student body, and had a genius for imparting knowledge and instilling those beau- ties and lessons to be found in books which often escape the unmatured mind that primarily seeks to master a subject through the memory alone. This happy faculty he exercised in his sense of humor, in the charm of his blackboard sketches and in the spirit of good-fellowship which he .gave to TM the atmosphere of the lecture-hall.-- (America.) (Fr. Tabb's Poems--Bookery, Little Rock.) BISHOPS' SUGGESTIONS ON HEALTH INSURANCE Health Insurance Recommended in Bishops' Program (National Catholic Welfare Council) (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Wasihngton, D. C.--The enforce- ment of the new health insurance act in England and the recommendation of a similar law in the United States by a number of State. Commisions, labor unions, Governors, Boards of from any worker who is not getting a higher wage than is required to meet the present needs of himself and family. Worker and Family Free. The administration of the insurance laws should be such as to interfere as little as possible with the individual freedom of the worker and his fam- ily. Any insurance scheme, or any ad- ministrative method, that tends to separate the workers into a distinct and dependent class, that offends against their domestic privacy and in- dependence, or that threatens indivi- Charities and other individuals and dual self-reliance and self-respect, organizations calls attention again to shuld not be tolerated. the passage on social insurance in the The ideals, to be kept in mind is a Bishons' Prouram of Social Recon- condition m which all the workers ", u " O  osition of -rear force I would themselves have the income and s" cuon. pp  I .. 1 sur the esponmbflffy of prowdmg for all has developed against socia in - " ance, but the probability is that, just the needs and contingencies of life, as with workmen's compensation, the both present and future. opposition will be defeated and will defend after a time the measures once opposed Since social insurance can be applied best in the United States at the present time within the States, an opportunity of helping to put in effect the suggestions of the Bishops' Program is open to a great many peo ple. The Bishops' Program reads as fol- lo.ws: The State should make compre- hensive provision for insurance against illness, invalidity, unemploy- ment and old age. So far as possible the insurance fund should be raised by a levy on industry, as is now done in the case of accident compensation. The indufi- try in which a man is employed should provide.him with all that is necessary to meet all the teeds of his entire life. Any contribution tdthe insurance fund from the general revenues of the State should b'e only slight" arid tem- porary. No contribution should be exacted CANADA CATHOLIC HURCH CANNOT BE SUED FOR TAXES (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Victoria, B. C., Oct. 9.--Action in- stituted by the Right Rev. Alexander Macdonald, Bishop of Victoria, has re- sulted in a decision that Victoria can- not seize and sell for taxes St. An- drew's Roman Catholic Cathedral. The decision, given by the District Court of Appeals, is the result of long liti- gation and is held by legal authorities to definitely fix the principle that Ca- nadian churches cannot" be sold for taxes and that taxes cannot be levied on them. The action was instituted by the Bishop when the Treasurer of Victoria attempted to seize and sell the cathedral, because the taxes, not paid since 1913, amounted to $16,000. Only/one member Of the Court of Ap- peals, Justice Macdonald, dissented from the opinion. J