Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
October 23, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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October 23, 1920

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TIII GUAIll)L%N, SATURI)AY, OCTOBEII 23, 1920. IH m T Pub|ished Weekly by THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Dioceee of Little Reek 309 WEST SECOND STREET Entered M seeond.clus matter March 21, 1911, at the pcmtoffl at Little Rock, Ark., under the Act of Congress of March 3, 18&apos;/9. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, $2.00 THE YEAR Change of Addrels When a change of address is desired the subscriber should give 0oth the aM and the new addrl, Correipolldence Mater intended for publication in The Guardian should reach oat later than Wednesday morning. /Irief news correspondence is always welcome. The kindness of the clergy in this matter is cordiaHy epprociated. Vary Roy. A. Stacker. O. S. B., D. D .................. Editor-in-Chief Roy. Edward A. Flannery ......................... Contributing Editor Roy. Gee, H. McDermott ............................. Managing Editor All communications about "The Guardian" should be addred to Roy. Gee. H. McDermott. 309 Went Second Street, OFFICIAL APPROVAL The Guardian is the official organ of the dioce of Little Rock, 4nd I pray G(,d that it may be an earnest champion in the cause of tight, justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religion which we all love so well. I extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its career may be long and prosperous. I JOHN B, MORR/S. BiBhov of Little Rock. c 16 Little Rock, Ark., (h.tober 3, 1.920. l OFF1CIA L. ANNIJAL UNIVERSITY COIJ,I'](I'ION. The Right Rev. Bisho t) orders that the annual collection for tile ('ATIi0LI(', UNIVI,;RSITY OF AMERI('A be taken u l) on tile FIRST SUNI)AY 1N Al)VENT throughout the 1)Jocose of lAttle Rock and urges the faithful to co-operate generously in the work of nt)huihting this great institution of Catholic learning whMl will serve us ever as a bul- wark against the evils ot' tile (lay. By order of the BishoI), JOHN B. MORRIS. Jo]ul P. Fisher, Secretary. o-@ We holm we have had our last peck at the peak in prices. o-o- Our Night .Riders are just ordilnlry clay loafers and are generally degencrat6. O-O "Yhe League to l,;nforce Peace is a league forcing politics and politicians to the firing line. o-o The Anlerican surgeons are skeptical on the French serum for at)pendicitis, wlfich does away with operations and at tile same time tile appended fees for cutting services. .o-o. Our farlners, as usnal, are receiving more advice than help. This will continue until flley get together and havetheir own co-operative storage phmts, grow- ing associations and marketing agencies. -o-o- Our suffrage friends are asking if this is a real campaign and what they lnust do to get; into it. There is-not half the exeitelnent they expected. We have to tell thenl that it is indeed unusually tame, both teams are below weight, but to have patience. o-o "Sadly misquoted" seelns an apt Ifllrase for the candidates caught in the act of putting over false and nlisleading statements. It is a good thing that the most of tile Ainerican voters take campaign si)ceches with " a grain of salt." -o-o. According to Roy. Chas. W. Wen(It, D. D., the "Pilgrinl Fathers might he called the first Bolshe- vists." The Baptists Quakers and Catholics of ohl Plymouth Rock days called theln even 'orse than Bolshevists. Luckily for the old Mayflower there was no quarantine at the Rock in those days evely - thing was landed. .o-o It inust give some pause to Lloyd George, in his stubborn Irish.policy, to read the non-partisan pro- tests by such English liberMs as Viscount Grey, late British representative at Washington, Mr. Asquith, his predecessor as P'rilne Minister, and probably his successor, Viscount Morley, the eminent historiafi. and Lord Robert Cecil, late Mlinister of Bloekadel These among others stand out as sincere protestants to the Government's attitude. Lloyd George, how- ever, seems to hitch his present policy on Carson and his Ulster partisans. 0-0. t Newsprint paper advanced 6 1-2 cents a pound last week. In other words, $15.00 per ton over the previous price', and a total advance of $40.00 per ton since January, The actual cost of the paper on which the news is printed every day and delivered to our homes, is far more than the price the reader pays for the printed newspaper. Your newspaper is, in fet, the cheapest eommodity in Ameriea today. It :is now a serious question as to the eontinuanee :Df hundreds of our newspapers at present high :cost of output. The Guardian inttst try to xveather it through, and if it has 4he Go-opera- iiin of our priests and people eontinuanee is hssured, Subscriptions paid .for and new sub- scril)ers added to our list wouhl l)e a strong iauthm'shil). Our 1)arents are, under God, the authors lhlnk in bridging over the present tide of high- of our being; the State, of ()tit" earthly well-being, cost 1)ublication. l inasnnich as it supplies the linlitations of the family. O-O- Now and then we read of a Prates(ant'preacher who is really and truly wi'se as to the t)resenk shaky condition of most Proteshult pull)its. Roy. Rol)efl Whitaker of ('aliforlaia, speaking at a ('onnnunity Foruln in the Clarendon Street Baptist ('hureh at Boston, ()etnller 7th, said, alnong other plain exhortations, that "it was time for the ehm'ehes to do something out of the ordinary to .jus- tify their right to live." "The churches of Anlerie't are attended hy our Protestant lniddle class, and our Protestant institu- tions all have tile tinliditv and cowar(lice of that class. ,ks crises grow tense their ministers grow nervous about "queering' themsclves with the controlling pow- ers of our Amerie'm industries. Their business is in say nothing aild sav it pleasantly. "1 say with tile gl'caicst kin<Illness that the larg-est part of ln'eachinff the goslwl is none other thall a <'rnscious evasion, tln'ougll ill:trill,lOS and gelWl'a]i- ties questions that vibtllv eoncern and interest tile wm'kin/ people--Ill(TO is a sor| of' ]lOly soolhhlff syrup offered to kcep Iwople quiet, and the l)re'teher who tries to wake the peop'le up to the side of right- t,OUSlleSS mid justice for the eonnm:nldacc nmn is ill danger of losing his SUplmrt.'" ()tit' only has to glam'c at tlw paid-up advertising calls of lh'otcstallt l)rcaehers in the Saturday editions cf the st, eular press, to know that the ])reachcr. have in. sleek , ready supply of "holy soothing syrul)," making thenl al,t on Sunday "lo say n,)thing an(1 say it pleasantly" mid it llelps to hold their l)ull)its. --O-f)" "1'HE ROOT OF A UT'HORITT. 1Vere we to speak as a granmmrian we shouht say, The root of authority is author. Nor nuist we ch,nge our I)l'Ol)osilion, if we Sl)cak as a 1)hilosol)her. And this is the role in which we find onrseh'cs at present. We niaint:dn, then, Ihat atlthol'itv ix based on ml- thorshil), and therefore He who is tile author of all things is both the Iml'amount allthority "rod tJlc source of all authority that exists under l-Iinl. C, od iS the Slll)rt'llle autl}ority, be6"ulse lit, is the suprenie Author. If you make a nlachine, train ulatcriltl that is your own. you nmv kee l) it, or sell it. or ext'hange for s(:nlething else, or (testrov it. You have a right t() disl,ose of" it as you please, you have authority over [I l;ccause you are its author. But no'ilhlstration fron, ereated things can give us "tn adequate idea of' the transeendent authorship whMl God has in i'espcet to the whole worhl. The Alntiglaty llas made tile universe and all its parts out of nothing. ()lice inade, it still rests in the holh)w of ttis Hand, so conll)letely that a withdrawal of His preserving influence wouhl at once senti it back to its original nothingness. No more does the sound of the trulnl)et (lepend on tile trunlpeter than creation t)n tile eontilmal creative l-reath of the Creator. Hence God's authority over all His creatures is absohite.- lpse fccit has: l-Ie hath nmde ns in the f'ullest Sellse of tile word. D, rc are His witliotl re- striction or qualifieation. His is our understanding: He can say what we shall 1)elieve; Ilis is our will: Ha'can say what we shall desire; Itis is our heart: He can say what we shall love; His is our body with all its limbs and organs: He can slty what we shall do. This glinlpse shows us the rock bottonl of God's L'cnullandnlent-s. Lest, however, such trelnendous authority appear as a grievous burden, let it be remenlbered that God is both Love and Wisdom. God's conunandnlents are like poles with inscrit)tions, set tip along the rational creature's path, to direct hiln on his nlarch to his everlasting honte. re said almve that God is tile source of all autlior- ity that exists under Hinl. The reason of this is lie- cause no created authorship extends to the totality of being. All created authors are dependent on lua- terial, forecs, energies that belong to God, and of whMl God has not renouncc(I His fundaniental owner- ship. lit 1)hilosophical language, for the leanled por- tion of our esteemed readers, we shouhl say that, as only God is the Ens a sc and all ereaturcs arc Ab alia, so only God's authority is original, self-centered and self-sufficielff, and all e.reated authority borrowed f'rom it. Front this consideration follow at once two con- clusions: any hunlan authority, as far as it goes con- trary to the authority of God, is counterfeit, and has uo c]ainl, to obedience; and, se('(mdly, all obedience' that has a foundatioli in conscience is in the last in- stance rendered to Gcd. In other words, no nlan is subjcct to another ntan, except that otter man have an authority delegated to him from God. Such delegated authorR'y we have for the supel 2- natural order in the Church. The Church gives COllnnandnicnts in the nalne and with the authority of God: "Whatsoever you bind on earth slmll als'0 be 1)ound in ]maVen, and whatsoever you loose on earth shall also be loosed in heaven." Still even in delegated authority we can trace the connection between author- ity and authorship. The Church is, under Got], the author of our spiritual well-heing, and her authority is the neiessary annex of her duty to'procure our spiritual welfare. Without authority the Church could not possibly be the author of our spiritual well- being. In the natural order the two chief delegations of divine authority are found in the family and in the State. In both authority is, likewise, connected with But as being is essentially prior to well-being, so the authority of the fanlily is prior to that of the State. Tllis is a l)rineiple, growing out of the essence of things, that should guide all legislative au(1 judicial acts. The State was never meant to SUl)t)lant the falnily aml its righls, but to sup])lement them. Ih,nce the Shtte llas for instance, no right to take the edu- eation of the ehihh'en ant of the hands of parents, as long as the latter provi(le an education that is suffi- cient to nlake good citizens. But wc will not at tn'cs- eat descend to l)articuhtrs. Suffice it to have enun- ciated, and shown the reason for, some fundmncntal )rilwiples on the subject of authority. S. . o-o 'I'ItE EN(TCLI('.IL ON ST. JEROME. ()n the occasion of the tlftecnth ecntenal'y of St. ,]el'(mle, Oll wliic]l we ('onunentcd in these eo]ull/ns it few wecks ago, ])Ol)e llelu(lit't XV isstted :t great encyclical, t])e text of which appeared in the Actu .ll)o.s:tolh'ac Srdis of Set)tenll)er 113, eonlprising :37 ]arp,'e |n'hltcd pages. It" we wish to give Ollr readcl'S an i(Ica of its contents, our review nlust ueecssarily be eonlpendious, lhit there is so mueh hi it of in- terc.M evt'ii to the gelierill reitder that we ellllnot rc- frllin fronl edltorlitl eolnnient. ,\\;l'tr hricttv passing over the (lil|It of the Sllillt's life, and exiolling hinl its the grelttest l)oetor of Ihlly SCl'ipturc, the IIolv I"'tther shows how St. Jerome's 1)elicf in the inspirldilni itnd inerrlult'y of lilt' Bible is the Sllllle tMt llas prevailed in f]lc ('Itt]lOliC ('hllrch lit all thllcs. The ('llurell hits always h)oked Ul)Oll t}ie Bihlc lls the word of (J()d. Itil(1 has eonshlerc(I (iod its its ln'ineipal author. The ]lliiililll hlstru- lilelits Lhrcugh wholil (o(t s lllt'Ss;t'e ciliile to thp woi']d were lileli hlsl)h'cd llv thc lIolv (illost, whk'h iilcilns tlutf the llolv (]host tn'ol:llfled {]lUIli tO write, en- ilghtened their nlhids lls to whllt to write, lutd glti<letl t]lelll ill the writing ]'or t]le choice of apt words itud the :t oidaut'e of crl'()r. For the rest the divine iil0S- sage reccivcd its peculiln" itceidentill coloring froni the mind through whieh it pltsscd. St. lblnl writes diWrrent]v t'lonl St. John. vet hoth e(mvey it itivhtc lllessage, In illllilt,dilltt' conlle('tlOll with the divine illspirlt- tiOll of Scrip(tire is its il/erriuley. "God Citll lllitke no inistllkc. Ihlhtil,g thercfore with St. J c, rome. that the llillle is tl:e w(ird of (hid froiii lleghulhlg to end, the ('lttholic ('hureh IMieves with hini t}ult it is free from all error, not only in nmtters of fitith md nlorals hut in its historical portions as well. This ill)solute ilmrrltncy is eli(lined, of course, only for the original copies of the vlu'ious books of the Bible as they proeeeded fronl the hands of' the insl)ircd writers. The study and lltcditatlon of the Scriptures was the ruling passion of St. Jeronle. Froln hiln, the Holy 1,'ather says, we shouhl learn tO love the lVord (.f Gcll. Its al)pea] will grow upon us if, like St. Jeronic, we wlfhdraw from the distractions of the world to meditate ()It it, all(l if we imititte the spirit of hunlillty with which he approac]led tle sacred page. This spirit of huniility will unlock to tts the treasures contained under the surface of rite sacred text, heeause it will wean us fronl.the conceit that we are able to mitke out its sense individually for ourselves, an.d lead us to consult men that are learned in the Serlptures and, allovc all, the mind of the ('hurcla which is the cttleial interpreter of the Word of God. The Pope then reconuncnds the daily reading of the Bihle to all Catholic inen and wolnen, as St. Jerolm enjoined it on his pupils, Paula, Eustochiunl and Marcella, educating tltem to be scriptural ex- lierts. The faithful will derive great benefit fronl this daily listening to the Vord of God and come to find it a mar.nit of exquisite sweetness." The Holy Fatllm praises the Society of St. Jeronle for its lauditble work of spreading the Bil)le in ]larldy c(ti- tions among Catholics. Especially is it inculnllent on the clergy, con- tinues the l'ope, to make themselves fantiliay with the Scriptures. With St. Jcrolne, the Holy Father sees no ornanient in that "holy rusticity" on which SOlile c/erics iu those anclcnt days nsed to pride themseh'cs. On the eontrltry, priests nulst l?e pro- found students of the Bible both for the sake of' their llcrsonal perfection and for increasing their cal)acity of effectively'teaching the way of salva- tion to others and of defending the Church. After some suggestions as to the lnethod of study, the Holy Father returns to enlphasize once nlore the great blessings that are derived train a devout study of the Scriptures. For those who lmve ouce acquired the true spiritual taste the daily ntinutes or lmurs spent at the feet of Eternal %Vis(lont will prove a suln-cnle delight. The laity and the clergy will grow ul their love for the (?hurell, and the clergy, in par- titular, will be inlbued with that persuasive kind of loquencu that will l)e a powerful means to render the (3torch---the faithful committed to their care lorlous, without spot or wrinkle. And ahove all will the daily reading of the Scriptures teach us to love and and ilnitatc our Savior. To be ignorant of the Scriptures is to be ignorant of Christ, repeats the Pope after St. Jerome. Let tlS hope. that the Holy Father has not spoken in wtin. There is none of us that has not some spare ulontents a day which he eould usefully employ in gohig to school"to the Best Teacher. And if such moments are not ready, they ought to be made. ready by. any one who has a sense for the proportionate value of things. , S. I QUESTION Did lhe first Chri.'tians baptize Early historians as Origen, Cypl gustin and others tell us that the ('aired a tradition t'l'oni the al)ostlt tism should 1)e given to children as ( sit)h,, 1)ecause (lad's grace shouhl n 110 ally 0lie. lVhat is the purpose of ringing bell threc times a day? It is to remind Catholics, and for the world, of the all-portant Cllrlt that God came down from heave nunikind. It is eal}ed "angelus b the 1)rayer to 1)e recited at the ri! bell begins: "The Angel  e{c. .1 [ca, ;qcars rtr/o a, baby was i <leall; #he docl<Jr poured lhe rata thr words. Aflerwar<ls I di,,'co)ci bapli,sm, was not right, and I bapti o.ver aqain: I poured lhe wat,r a w(,'<l\