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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
October 22, 1982     Arkansas Catholic
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October 22, 1982

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VOL. LXXI, NO. 43 OCTOBER 22, 1982 NCCC Meets, Page 5 Scouter Honored, Page 6 Hunger Ingathering, Page 7 Deacon's Family, Page 8 Told Combat .enee City (NC) -- Young people should first witnesses of beauty and ainst "acts of violence and hate" Pope John Paul II. to about 20,000 people in St. Square at his weekly general the Pope also mentioned the of Polish St. Maximilian Kolbe his series of talks on marriage to youths, the Pope said that when acts of violence and hate Our hearts, I want to remind you of for you -- following the example Kolbe - to be the first of beauty and of the ever strength of Christian love, if necessary, up to the in Polish, the Pope gave thanks canonization of St. Maximilian, a who gave his life in 1941 to save man from dying in the Nazi con- camp at Auschwitz, and compared Pole, St. Stanislaus, an llth- bishop who was killed by the Polish considered Stanislaus a traitor. became the patron of Poland. victors although they died, Said. ':in each era, the victory of in each era, good wins." Paul did not repeat his con- of the outlawing of Solidarity, the Polish labor union. The Polish outlawed the union Oct. 8, riots in the Polish port city of Pope's main talk centered on the ins of marriage. the sacrament of redemption, united with his church through an bond, which is like the in- convenant of husband and wife, the definitive sign .of the lystery of God's love," he added. redemption, marriage becomes a ;ion of the life of the church, basis of Christ's spousal love for his 2,200 Americans attended the including groups from Chicago, Attleboro, Mass., and Harrisburg, "age . 19-21 IOck A Marriage Encounter will be through Sunday, Nov. 19-21, at St. 2500 North Tyler Street. Encounter weekend is an op- for married couples to discover more fully in an accepting and hnoslhere. They examine their to each other, their family, God The emphasis is on open and t)rnmunication - which leads to a awareness of the strength, beauty of themselves and their information or registration, call Life Office t664-0340) or mail to P.O. Box 7565. Little Rock. Teachers Present Honorary Degree to Bishop Sister Henrietta llockle, superintendent of diocesan schools, presents an honorary degree plaque to His Excellency Bishop Andrew J. Mc- Donald of Little Rock during a Mass at the annual Catholic Teachers Conference at Catholic High School last Friday. The degree -- a great degree of gratitude - was given for his loving concern for Catholic schools during the last 10 years. Also receiving awards were Sister Marie Celine Deiterich, S.S.N.D.; Sister Albertus Lachowsky, S.S.N.D.; Caroline Favre; Sister Donata Rinz, O.S.B., Sister Vivian Luyet, O.S.B., and Brother Edwin Gallagher, C.F.P. Polis,5 Father Maximilian Kolbe Receives Title of Martyr Before His Canonization Vatican City (NC) -- Father Maximilian Kolbe, the Polish Franciscan who was proclaimed a "confessor" when he was beatified in 1971, had .his classification changed to "martyr" after being approved for sainthood. The change in Father Kolbe's status was confirmed by an official of the Vatican's Congregation for Saints' Causes. Father Kolbe since has been canonized by Pope John Paul II. A confessor is a male saint who lived a life of eminent sanctity and heroic virtue but did not suffer martyrdom for the faith. A martyr is one whose death comes precisely as a result of his witness to the faith. Last June, Polish and West German bishops held a meeting at the site of the Nazi con- centration camp of Auschwitz and drafted a letter asking Pope John Paul to formally proclaim Father Kolbe a martyr. The letter was published in L'Osservatore Romano, the Vatican newspaper, Oct. 7. Further evidence of the decision was manifested at a papal audience when the pontiff referred to Father Kolbe as "the martyr of Auschwitz." In a telegram that same day to Archbishop Jozef Glemp, the Polish primate, the Pope called the Fran- ciscan "the martyr of our land.'" The question of Father Kolbe's title as a saint hinged on the precise cause of his death. Father Kolbe died at Auschwitz in 1941 when he volunteered to take the place of another prisoner, a man w-ith a family who had been condemned to death by starvation. A martyr, in the classic sense, is one who dies a violent death for refusing to renounce the Christian faith. A typical example would be Italian Father Salvatore Lilli, beatified Oct. 3. In 1895, in what is now the country of Turkey, he clung to his faith when asked several times to deny it. For his obstinacy, Ottoman soldiers killed him with a bayonet. The letter to the Pope from the Polish and German bishops makes Father Kolbe's at- tachment to his faith the focal point of his death. "The entire ideology of national socialism tNazism) was in evident opposition and contrast with the Christian ethic." said the bishops. "This was manifested," they continued, "'in a completely special way in the ex- termination camps, where millions of men and women were suppressed, with premeditated cruelty and in scorn for divine and human laws.'" In addition, said the bishops. Father Kolbe's arrest by Nazi soldiers centered on his renown as a Christian spiritual writer. Father Kolbe was known throughout Poland as a popularizer of Marian devotion. "'The arrest of Father Kolbe. occurring Feb. 17. 1941, did not have an)" political motivation." the bishops said. "but was a consequence of the religious persecution already in progress, which was aimed above all at the most authoritative exponents of religious life.'" The bishop also pointed out that at Auschwitz a special hatred was directed against Catholic pi'iests, who were given the most grueling tasks. At Pawiak, a prison where Father Kolbe was kept before his transfer to Auschwitz, the bishops said, "'the servant of God was repeatedly and openly made the subject of insults and mistreatment because of the symbol of the cross of Christ, which he kept hanging frbm his Franciscan beads." Also, the bishops commented, when he volunteered to replace a condemned man, Father Kolbe said in answer to the stunned commandant's demand for an explanation, "I am a Catholic priest." The bishops said the 10 condemned men, including Father Kolbe, were placed in the starvation bunker and "while they suffered and died, there were heard from the horrid underground cell the voices of prayer and See Kolbe on Pg. 4 TV Mass Sunday Little Rock -- Father Richard P. Davis, pastor of St. James Church, Searcy, will be the celebrant of the weekly televised Mass for Shut-Ins this Sunday, Oct. 24, at 7 A.M. on Station KTHV, Channel 11. The lectors will be Lisa Washburn and Monica Trouillett. Scott Hendriks and Allen Wrobel will be the servers. The St. James Youth Choir will furnish the music, ac- companied by organist Jimmy Berkley.