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October 17, 1936     Arkansas Catholic
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October 17, 1936

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...... Page Four Crucifix His 0nly Weapon Priest Tells Interviewer By M. Massiani (Paris Correspondent, N. C. W. C. News Service) Paris, Oct. 5. (EL--Canon Cam- arasa of the Madrid Cathedral, the priest who entered the Alcazar at Toledo, was recognized in Paris by a reporter for Figaro. The priest was not wearing clerical garb and was traveling incognito to avoid the curiosity of the crowd. The reporter succeeded in ob- taining an interview but the most interesting of the priest's confid- ences were given to him with the understanding that they would not be published. "Pardon my appearance," Canon Camarasa said to the reporter, "but Spanish priests have had to forego the wearing of cassocks." Canon Camarasa is one of the most celebrated orators on the Iberian peninsula. It was doubt- less due to his reputation as a speaker that he was selected for the delicate mission of entering the Alcazar. He is 50 years old. Silvery hair crowns a grave sad face in which brown" eyes glow with a gentle light. He speaks French with remarkable elo. quence, the Figaro reporter states. Cross His Only 'Weapon' "Were the besieged warned long in advance of your coming?" the reporter asked. "On the afternoon before," Canon Camarasa replied. "In one of the houses near the Alcazar there was a loudspeaker used for transmissions. When they wished to communicate with the besieged,' someone called into the micro- phone: 'Hello! Hello, Alcazar!' The firing stopped soon afterward." "Were you accompanied?" "I was accompanied by the milita as far as their most ad- vanced positions. Then I advanc- ed alone. A Crucifix was my only weapon . . . At the Alcazar they bandaged my eyes before leading me across the line of combatants. On the return they neglected to do so and I set out toward the Governmental troops, always clutching my Crucifix." "Is it true," the reporter asked, "that while you were in the Al- cazar the bombardment, which had been held up, recommenced?" Heard Confessions "No," Canon Camarasa stated. "During my three hours' visit not a canon was fired." "Could you tell what was the reception of the besieged?" "I said Mass, baptized some chil- dren and heard the confessions of the dying." Canon Camarasa refused to make any statement about what he had seen within the Alcazar. When questioned about the role of clergy in the Spanish tragedy, he said "The mission of the priest is to help. During my entire life I have never taken part in politics. Ecclesiastics should be as the stars that shine above the clouds." CARDINAL PACELLI VISITS U. S. -- IIOLDS HIGHEST CHURCH HONORS (Continued from Page 1) many. During the war, as Papal Nun- cio to Bavaria, he had occupied a central position in promoting the last effort of Pope Benedict XV, in 1917, to prevail upon the powers to consider proposals of peace. How near to success this great effort came and the promi- nent part played in the negotia- tions by the Nuncio was revealed by the publication in later years of the memoirs of several notable figures of war-time Europe. An outstanding monument to the diplomatic career of Cardinal Pacelli is the Concordat concluded between the Holy See and Prus- sia. Prior to entering upon his early duties in the Secretariat of State, Cardinal Pacelli, early in his priestly career was appointed a substitute Professor in the Law courses of the Roman Seminary. Soon thereafter he was made an apprentice in the Secretariat of State, then titular Professor of Canon Law and Minutante (of- ficial of the first class) in the Sacred Congregation of Extraor- dinary Ecclesiastical Affairs. His Eminence Pierre Cardinal Gasparri, then an Archbishop and Secretary of the Congregation, through arrangement with Pope 'Plus X and Cardinal Merry del JONESBORO'S SHOPPERS' GUIDE "THE QUEEN CITY OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS" Trade With These Merchants, They Will Appreciate Your Patronage DEMAND THE BEST BETTY JANE America's Finest Flour JONESBORO GROCER CO. WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTORS JONESBORO HARDWARE CO. (INCORPORATED) ANYTHING IN HARDWARE Phone 110 400 MAIN STREET JONESBORO TRICE BROTHERS, Inc. JONESBORO GREATEST FURNITURE STORE Phone 167 313-15 So. Main Taylor Wall Paper & Paint Company GLASS OF ALL KINDS--PITTSBURGH PAINTS AND WALL PAPER AT MAIL ORDER PRICES No Job Too Small or Too Large 220 South Main St. Telephone 722 Jonesboro, Ark. C.& COMPLIMENTS OF S. DEPARTMENT STORE FORMERLY ROSENFIELD'S WILLETT'S BAKERY MAKERS AND BAKERS OF GOOD THINGS TO EAT PASTRY SHOP AND DELICATESSEN Phone 524 823 South Church Street i Z. T. MATTHEWS & SON THE STORE FOR WOMEN QUALITY GOODS AND REASONABLE PRICES DRY GOODS AND WOMEN'S WEAR THE Val, then Secretary of State, per- suaded Monsignor Pacelli to de- vote all of his time to the diplo- matic service of the Church. tie ecame Under-Secretary and then Pro.Secretary of the Congregation and was promoted to Secretary by Pope Benedict XV. He was sent to the Nunciature of Ba- varia in 1917. Late in 1934, Cardinal Pacelli made his first visit to the New World when he journeyed to Buenos Aires as Papal Legate to the International Eucharistic Con- gress. The Cardinal visited and spoke also in Rio de Janeiro. Everywhere he was received with the highest honor and on his de- parture remarked that Latin America had given to the world edifying evidence of its devotion to the Holy Eucharist and to the Papacy. Praise for Latin America "Latin America," he said, "in honoring so royally the King of the Eucharist has honored itself m an.unforgettable way and has shown to the entire Catholic world the Catholicity of its heart." 'Pentecostal Eloquence' Recently, in a discourse at the opening of the International Con- gress of the Catholic Press in Vat- ican City, Cardinal Pacelli per- formed a linguistic triumph which was described by the Holy Fath- er as "Pentecostal eloquence." His hearers, Catholic journalists from all sections of the world, were amazed when the Cardinal, with- out reference to notes and with perfect ease, addressed their ses- sions for a solid hour, speaking in seven languages m Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Ger- man, English and Latin. In his young manhood, Cardinal Pacelli learned his native Italian, Spanish, French arid Latin. Be- fore he became Nuncio to Ba- varia, he learned German. He ac- quired Portuguese by taking a tutor with him on his journey to South America, and English since he became Secretary of State. It is the plan of the Cardinal to visit American Cardinals. He will be the guest of the Apostolic Delegation in Washington, D. C. ! WEEKLY CALENDAR OF FEAST DAYS Sunday, October 18.--St. Luke was a physician at Antioch. He was one of the converts of St. Paul. He is best known as the historian of the New Testament. The Acts of the Apostles were written by this evangelist as a sequel to his Gospel, bringing the history of the Church down to the first imprisonment of St. Paul at Rome. From St. Paul's Epistles we learn that St. Luke was his faithful companion to the end. He was martyred in Achaia. Monday, October 19.--St. Peter of Alcantara early in life entered the convent of the Discalced Fran- ciscans. He rose to high posts in the Order but inspired by a de- sire for penance, in 1539, when he was forty years old, he found- ed the first convent of the "Strict Observance." Among those whom he trained to perfection was St. Teresa. He approved her spirit of prayer and strengthened her to carry out her reforms. St. Peter died while kneeling in prayer in 1562. Tuesday, October 2O.St. John Cantius was born in Kenty in Poland in 1403 /and studied at Cracow. For a short time he was in charge of a parish but, desiring to escape the burden of responsibi- lity, he returned to his life as a professor at Cracow. There for many years he lived a life of'un- obtrusive virtue, self-denial, and charity. Wednesday, October 21. -- St. Ursula, virgin and martyr, when the Saxons were harassing Eng- land gathered a number of chil- dren entrusted to her care, and with certain adults who followed her direction, took refuge in Gaul. There she was exposed to the most shameful outrages at the hands of the Huns, but without wavering the members of her entire party preferred death to shame. St. Ursula, herself, set the example. She has been regarded as the patroness of young per- sons and the model of teachers. Thursday, October 22. -- St. Hilarion was born of heathen par- ents, near Gaza, and was con- verted while studying grammar in Alexandria. Shortly after he visited St. Anthony, and, still only in his fifteenth year, he be- came a solitary in the Arabian desert. Friday, October 23.---St: Theo- doret, martyr, who was inluman- ly tortured before being slain be- cause he assembled the Christians GUARDIAN, OCTOBER 17, 1936 Prefect Apostohc The Right Rev. Msgr. Thomas Megan, S.V.D., recently appointed first Prefect Apostolic of the new- ly created Prefecture Apostolic of Sinsiang, lfl the Province of Honan, China. Monsignor Megan hails from Eldora, Iowa, and was ordained priest at Teehny, Illinois, 111 1926. i ROSARY COLLEGE RE-LIGHTS WORLD PEACE CANDLE River Forest, Ill., Oct. 8. (E).-- International peace was striking- ly suggested at Rosary College yesterday, when the ceremony of lighting the peace candle was car- ried out by Miss Helen Healey, of Rockford, president of the Student Association, assisted by Miss Isabel Cruz, Pueblo Indian from Santa Fe, and Miss Paquita Vallecillo, of Puerto Rico. The custom of lighting the peace candle was inaugurated last year at Rosary College to stimulate the interest of the student body in the cause of international peace. The candle remains in the college chapel as a symbol of the beauty of peace and brotherhood in Christ, and is relighted during certain chapel exercises through- out the year. The regional meeting of the Catholic Association for Interna- tional Peace will be held at Rosary College in November. Catholic League Correspondence Converted 2,000 New York, Oct. 3. (El. -- The Catholic Unity League of the Paulist Fathers here reports that it has been responsible for 2,- 000 conversions through corres- pondence in the 19 years it has been in existence. This report is made by the Rev. Bertrand L. Conway, C. S. P., spiritual director of the League. In the course of the 19 years, Father Conway reveals that the League has loaned a total of 146,- 725 books, of which 14,483 were loaned last year. Last year the l League sent out 12,970 letters to ' inquirers. The League sends books to 1,- 146 cities in the United States, 37. cities in Canada, and 69 cities in foreign countries. been closed by Julian, an uncle of the emperor of that name and like him an apostate. Saturday, October 24.  Saint Magliore, tishop. When the father of his cousin, St. Sampson, was cured by prayer Magliore and his father and mother and two broth- ers gave all their goods to the poor. Magliore entered a mon- l astery 'and succeeded Sampson as Abbe of Dole and Bishop. He died in 575. NOW'S THE TIME. "The best time for study club work is ordi- ]narily the winter months from about October to May. Advent and Lent are particularly ap- propriate times for the study of religious subjects. The number of meetings each month will depend on the convenience of the mem. bers, but a meeting should be held at least once a month and if: possible twice a month."--Aids to: Catholic Action, N. C., Washing- ton, D. C. Catholic Mothers Tell Confraternity Their Views On Religion In The Home Catechetical Congress Speakers Stress Im- portance of Trained Lay Workers-Members Of Hierarchy Partici rote in Sessions. New York, Oct. 6. (EL--Four American Catholic mothers gave their opinions concerning relig- ious instruction in the home at a general session last night of the 3,000 delegates attending the Na- tional Catechetical Congress of the Confraternity of Christian Doc- trine. Representing the Catholic moth- ers of America, the four mothers who spoke tonight urged a great- er freedom of expression and in- quiry, and parental example con- sistent with the teachings of the' Church, as the best methods of instructing Catholic children in the truths of their religion. The Most Rev. John B. Peterson, Bish- op of Manchester, was honorary chairman of the meeting, and Pat- rick F. Scanlan, Managing Editor of the Brooklyn Tablet, presided. Religious Background The keynote of the session, which was on "Religion in the Home," was sounded by Mrs. Jno. S. Reilly of New York, a well- known radio commentator and the mother of seven children, when she said it was "inescap- ably the function and duty of parents to guarantee the religious beliefs and background of their children." Urging a certain amount of self,education for Catholic par- ents, she said that they must make themselves intelligent about their religion. "Not only should the better Catholic periodicals be available in our homes," she declared, "but we ourselves should read them regu- larly and faithfully in order to become saturated with the Cath- olic attitude on the questions of the day. And we should further help ourselves by forming study clubs for parents where we may exchange our anxieties and prob- lems for those of other serious-i minded and Conscientious Catho- lic mothers and fathers." Developing of Character "It seems peculiarly the func- tion of the mother to inspire in her child a sense of the all- pervading love of God--a love which is natural for the child to return," she continued. "This love of God should form the whole pattern of his life---be the reason and the means for developing the character traits which prepare us all to face life as Catholics and children of God." In a radio address broadcast over a national hookup by the Columbia Broadcasting System, the Very Rev. Francis A. Walsh, O. S. B., Director of the National Center of the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, blamed neglect of religious education in the young for the present "decay of civiliza- tion." Fruits of Religious Decay "Something has been lost by the modern young man," he said. "It has been left out of his school work, nd he has found compara- tively little of it elsewhere. This something s religion. The world today is gathering the fruits eli religious decay. In the struggle to keep religion in education the Church has met with opposition so great, that considering the Ameri- can nation as a wfiole the majority of children today learn little or nothing of religion during their formative years." Youth will play an important part in making Catholic principles "once more a working influence in the home and in the nation," he said. "Catholic Action means Catho- lic unity, Catholic prayer, Catho- teaching. It means obedience lltio c law and respect for authority. Action requires strength; spiritual action requires spiritual strength. Spiritual strength is obtained from solid Christian doctrine and recourse to the Father of Lights." There is no knowledge more in- trinsically true than that which is wriften in our own conscience--- that of not doing to others what we would not suffer in ourselves. Enclose my heart in thine, dear Mother, for there I shall be safe from my enemies and shall learn to love thy Son.  Mother Mary Philip. I. B. V. M. EVIDENCE GUILD CHAPTER FORMED AT NOTRE DAME00 Notre Dame, Ind., Oct. 8. (E).-- Under the guidance of Professor Arnold Lunn, noted English writer and critic, a new chapter of the Catholic Evidence Guild is in pro- cess of organization among stu- dents of the University of Notre Dame. A series of debates will be held during the next months along the lines followed by the militant Catholics of England. Development of the guild plan at Notre Dame will be coordi- nated with the work of the new graduate department of Catholic Apologetics which was instituted this year in an effort to develop trained lay writers and speakers competent to discuss questions of political and economic moment from the Catholic viewpoint. Mr. Lunn is conducting courses in the new department as a mem- ber of a faculty which has been assembled for the purpose from this country and abroad. Others in this group include Dr. Arthur Haas, internationally known phy- i sicist formerly of the University :of Vienna, and Christopher Hollis, English economist who will spend half of the next three years in residence at Notre Dame. 500 Group Members Entered Religious Orders in 10 Years New York, Oct. 6. (EL--Five hundred members of the Little Flower Mission Circle of New York have entered 70 religious Orders in the last decade, ac- cording to figures released by the Rev. Joseph J. Strauss, C. SS. R., Spiritual Director of the Circle. The Circle was organized in 1926 by a Redemptorist to en- courage religious vocations among girls. It is also announced that the Circle is conducting an essay con- test for school girls on the sub- ject, "Why is the Religious Voca- tion the Best of all?" Cash prizes of five, three, two and one dol- lars are offered to the winners in that order. The contest closes December 15. It is required that the essays contain between 300 and 500 words. Nurses of Thirty Nations Expected at London Convention New york, Oct. 9. (lO.Word has been received from the head. quarters of the International Com- mittee of Catholic Federation of Nurses concerning the program and exercises for the international convention to be held in London next July. The communication has been re- ceived by the Rev. Edward F. Garesche, S. J., General Spiritual Director of the International Corn- mittee, and gives convention. It is expected that tives from 30 nations, ious and lay, will attend sions. The convention on July 14 with a Most Rev. Arthur bishop of Westminster, Archiepiscopal ResidenCe. next day, there will be and General Communion minster Cathedral. days will be taken up with gram in which many nations will be general sessions of the will end the evening af J The following day, will be a special section of religious McKesson - Established 155: of Drugs Druggist , r Service :-: Phone 4-8561 : Little Rock, il': A (ALSO TRUCKS) $25 TO $1 PAY AS YOU [CAR REMAINS IN YOUR NO LARGE CAR NEED NOT BE NO NO RED LOANS MADE We can refinance your ditional cash, v, nd still ments. DRIVE TO oUR FREE PHOENIX 6th and IN" THE DISTRICT UNITED STATES TRICT OF ERN Union & Planters Ban pany and Union Bank & Trust CompanY, Commodore Corporation, Vfl. T. H. Durrett and wife and J. A. Jones and Jones, Defendants. 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