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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
October 17, 1936     Arkansas Catholic
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October 17, 1936

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age Two THE GUARDIAN, OCTOBER 17, 1936 THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas S0SV2 WEST SECOND STREET lntered as second-el'ass matter March 21, 1911, at the post office of Little Rock &rkansas, under the act of Congress of March 8, 1879, SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $1.00 the year OFFICIAL DIOCESAN WEEKLY Tke Guardian Is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock and I pray God ths;t It may be an earnest champion of the cause of right, justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religion we all love e* well. I extend to it my bisssin with the sincere hope that its career may be long and prosperous. . JOHN B. MORRIS. Bishop of Little Rock. : EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT REVEREND THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. D., Editor .Associate Editors: Rt. Rev. Msgr. James F. Moran, LL. D.; Very Rev. Msgr. ,Joseph A. Gal]agher. M. A.; Rev. Lawrence Hoyt, O. S. B.; Rev. James E. q)'Connell, M. A.; Rev. Patrick M. Lynch, B. A. BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about The Guardian must be handled through the Business Manager, and all matter Intended for publication should reach The Guardian office not later them Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST 309x/2 WEST SECOND STREET Phone 5486 for Adertlslng Rates SPONSORS OF SERVICES Picture Service--Knights of Columbus of Arkansas I OCTOBER 17, 1936 PERE MARQUETTE The dedication of the Memorial in Helena, this week, by His Excellency, the Most Reverend Bishop, brings to mind again the life and exploits of the intrepid French Jesuit, Father Marquette. He was typical of the Catholic French of his day, brave, cultured, and religious. The historian Bancroft says of the ex- pedition of Marquette and Joliet, "It was neither commercial enterprise, nor royal ambition, which carried the power of France into the heart of our continent: the mQtive was religion." Pere Marquette and Joliet set out under the auspices of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin. They came as far South as the mouth of the Arkansas River. Having obtained valuable information for France, they returned lest they fall into the hands of the hostile Spanish, who were farther South. These men of heroic mould stand out in bold relief against the background of the present safety first attitude. The pioneer spirit that caused Pere Marquette to sa" on this famous jour- ney, "This is a seed east into the ground, which will bear fruit in due season," is sadly needed in our time. Society to-day needs the inspiration of a man like this to stimulate its spirit of ennui. The jaded minds of the present generation of youth need to catch a spark from the flaming soul of this courageous priest. If the memorial erected in Helena, can accomplish this in some small measure, it will prove to be both a monument to a great missioner and a talisman to the youth of all time. The Catholic Knights of ,merica are to be congratulated for their share in this inspiring work. } CATHOLICS AND THE'BIBLE The announcement that on Thursday of this week a new edition of the Bible will be released is of interest to many. The main reason given for this new version is to make the Bible readable. This new edition is the work of Dr. Ernest Suther- land Bates. He has used the King James version except in four instances: Proverbs, Job, Ecclesiastes, and the Canticle of Canticles. There is little doubt that talk engendered by this pub- lication will bring Up the old legend about Catholics being for- hidden to read the Bible. Such a prohibition never existed. On the contrary, the Bishops of the Catholic Church in the United States published a Pastoral Letter in 1884, after the Third Plenary Council, in which they said, "It can hardly be necessary for us to remind you, beloved Brethren, that the most highly valued treasure of every family library, and the most frequently and lovingly made use of, should be the Holy Scripture,." They further added, "We hope that no family can be found amongst us, without a correct version of the Holy Scripture." This correct version is in English, the Douay Rheims. It is well for Catholics to remember that there is no one among our separated brethren to-day, who boasts so vigorously of his Bible reading, but owes it to this same Catholic Church that he has a Bible, however expurgated it may be, to read. Furthermore no Christian who is not a CathOlic can prove that this book called the Bible is the Word of God without involving himself in what the philosophers call a vicious circle, i. e., proving A from B and then B from A. The Catholic on the other hand can take the Bible as an authentic historical document, and having proven from history that Christ established an infallible Church, can prove that the Bible is the Word of God, because this Infallible Church so declares. } Again, to further encourage the reading of the Bible, Pope Leo XIII, in 1898, granted an indulgence to all Catholics, who spend at least fifteen minutes daily, reading the Scriptures. So it seems that Catholics haves Bible, whicli they can prove is the Word of God and that the Church Authorities do every thing that they can to encourage them to read it. 3nat our critics really mean is not that we do not have a Bible and permission to read it, but that it is not, like theirs, our only rule of faith. In this they are correct, because with- out the Infallible Church to vouch for, and interpert it, the Bible could not be known as the Word of God, and pro- perly understood. MISSION SUNDAY i: -" The celebration of Mission Sunday, October 18th, should serve to make our Catholic people Mission conscious. It was a happy thought to set aside one day in the year, and that a Sunday, when Catholic people are assembled in their churches to worship God--that their attention should be directed to the crying need of supporting the Missions. It was Christ Him- self Who commanded His chosen followers to "Go teach all nations," when He gave them their commission to continue the work which He inaugurated while He was on earth. The mission of the Church then, is to extend the Kingdom of God on earth, and in furtherance of this aim She calls on Her faithful children, and especially on this day, to assist Her. She wishes them to help by their prayers, by their contribu- tions and sacrifices to aid Her in accomplishing Her sacred purpose. "The fields are white unto the harvest, but the laborers are few." Men and women are willing to sacrifice their all to become laborers in the vine),ard. 'Iney are anxious to en- gage in this great battle*under t'he banner of Christ. They are 1 ready to emulate the example of the Apostles of old, and leave all for Christ, and all that they ask of us is that we help them. Mission Sunday should make us conscious of the precious treasure we possess--our Faith. It should stir up within us an earnest desire that the untold millions without the fold should have a share in the joy, the happiness and peace that comes from the possession of the true knowledge of Christ. If Mis- sion Sunday will help to accomplish this one purpose, it will not have been in vain.--M. Question Box by Patrick M. Lynch, A. B. Assistant St. Andrew's Cathedral "Is a bankrupt freed from ob- ligation, even if he later accumu. lates wealth sufficient to pay his former debts?" Space does not allow a thorough treatment of this moral question. We suggest that the Questioner consult with his Confessor if this question is personal. If it is meant only to acquire information on the matter, it is very well treated in the Catholic Encyclopedia, Vol. II. Most Theologians are agreed that the moral aspect is dependent upon the law of the country and the nature of the civil bankruptcy. If the law expressly- provides for a complete discharge releasing the bankrupt from moral obligation then that may be followed. Both lawyers and Thelogians are agreed that in most countries the effect of a discharge is merely to bar legal proceedings for debt against the bankrupt. This being the case the moral obligation still remains and there is need of paying debts when the person finds himself able. This is clearly stated in the National Bankruptcy Law of the United States, Since the discharge is personal to the bankrupt, he i may waive it, and since it does !not destroy the debt but merely releases him from liability, that is, removes the legal obligation to pay the debt, leaving the moral obligation uneffected, such moral obligation is a sufficient consid- eration to support a new pro- raise". The case is different in English Law where it is plain- i ly stated that the Bankrupt in a complete and honest discharge is released likewise from moral ob- ligation. Most Theologians fol- lowing the civil law release such a one from obligation even tho' he be able at a later date to pay his former debtors. rn applying for bankruptcy all requirments of law must be hon- estly followed. Concealing of pro- perty, signing over property to a wife, or preferring one debtor to another before property has been turned over to receivers, are dis- honest means and bind the con- science of the bankrupt. "Can a Protestant who has been married and who later had the marriage annulled marry a Ca- tholic by a Priest,.-er do they have to get a dispensation. The first marriage one was not of age---did not live as man and wife?" As stated before in this column for all marriage cases the Pastor should be consulted. This ques- tion is not clear and we feel sure that after talking it over with a Priest much more satisfaction will be had. The question does not state whether the Protestant mar- ried a Catholic the first time and had it annulled or whether it was a marriage between two Protes. tents. In order for a Catholic to marry a Protestant it is always necessary to receive a dispensation. We do not believe that the Questioner understands the correct nature of a dispensation. The Church does recognize the impediment of age and a marriage may be declared null on that Words of Encouragement By Rev. Daniel Considine Catholic Truth Society, London DON'T BE MORBID; There is a danger sometimes o a sort of Jansenism creeping into our spirituality, an idea that we must never be happy or satisfied unless we are unhappy. It is true i there is a good deal of suffering in the world, but it is a pity to be looking in every hole and cor- ner to find it. SALT IN THE SOUP. It is a mistake to think that every little accident and contre- temps-even too much salt in the soup--in a design of Providence, specially brought about for the benefit of our souls. It is true that in the case of a few mystical saints God has sent very special trials, .a rule, with those who are striving to serve Him faithfully, God's direction is won- derfully mild. Don't take it into your head that every little acci- dent is devised for your special torture. PLEASING TO GOD It is a false, incorrect view to imagine that you cannot be pleas- ing to God unless you are always suffering. As a rule, the outward life of a saint is very much like everybody else's. There are the contradictions that come inevita- bly. A good life is always a sort of reproach to those who don't lead it, and that brings opposi- tion. If we try to push forward God's cause, of course the devil will try to oppose us. GOD PERMITS PLENTY Don't let us think there is any virtue in suffering AS suffering. Don't be morbid; It was all in the day's work in the case of the saints. Remember suffering was not intended from the beginning: there are plenty of things God PERMITS but does not WISH; certainly we should never be in- different to the sufferings of others, but try to diminish them as much as possible. considered as slngle persons and may marry in the Church as such. The Church will likewise declare a marriage contract null after it has been proven that the marriage was never consummated, that is, that the parties never lived together as man and wife. We are sure that any Priest will be very glad to explain this case personally and give full sa- tisfaction, which we are not able, to do in this column. "What is the exact meaning of Mixed Marriages?" In a general sense it is appIied to marriges between persons of different religions. Inthe techni- cal sense as expressed in Church Law it applies to a marrlege be- tween a Catholic and a baptized non-Catholic. For such a mar- riage a dispensation, granted by Church authorities is necessary, otherwise it is unlawful and sin- ful. A dispensation means that in a particular case the Church "lets up" on Her law--removes the pro- hibition. This, of course can be done for Church laws only. The Church does not grant a dispen- account. Once the marriage has [sation from God's Law. For in- been declared such the parties are]stance, she will not "dispense" Catholic Doctrine By Rev. JOHN B. SCHEPER, S. T. D. Catholics In American The Last Judgment When this awful day is upon us we shall be judged according to all our thoughts, words, works, and omissions. The Almighty God has revaled to us His will in His i Commandments. He has told us what we must do and from what we must abstain. He has also made it possible for us to live according to His divine will by His grace, of which every man receives a sufficient amount to at- tain eternal happiness. In the Sacrament of Holy Baptism we made a most solemn promise to live as good Christians, to follow in the footsteps of Christ, to imi- tate His virtues. From this it is clear than many duties and obligations have been placed upon us. Concerning these we must ren- der the strictest account on the day of the Last Judgment. God has given to us the gift of understanding, reason and free will. We are held, therefore, ac- countable and responsible for all our thoughts. We are endowed with the gift o$ speech, and we must give an account of how we have used this gift. Holy Scrip- ture says, that man must render an account "of evey idle word that cometh out of his mouth." In the same manner all our ac- tions will be scrutinized, even the goods deeds which we should have done and failed to do. How Will God Judge? God will judge justly and strictly. The least good will be rewarded and the "least evil will not g6 unpunished. It is written in Holy Scripture: "A cup of water given to the poor for my sake, shall not go unrewarded." God Will Judge .permission of God. Answer they must give to the question, whether they have freely and liberally con- tributed to the upkeep of the Church and the priests, the repre- sentatives of Christ on earth. No wail or lament will move the just Judge. He who is once sentenced, remains sentenced. For All Eternity. This is the most consoling fac- tor for the good, but the most terrible and awful for the wicked. There is no end from the punish- ment of hell. Millions of years compared to eternity are not even as much as a drop of water com- pared to a great ocen. Twofold is the punishment of hell: First there is a loss, namely the loss of the Beatific Vision and Unity with God in all His glory, and secondly the external" suffering of pain, whether it be from actual fire a pain likened to it. God's Justice Will Be Shown. To the good and the evil will be revealed the most secret thoughts of all men, as well as the graces which every one has received. The good, which men have done quietly and hiddenly for the glory of God, and all the evil committed under cover of darkness and secrecy, will stand clearly revealed before the eyes of all on the Last day. The thoughts, words and deeds, and ,omissions of every man, together 'with the amount of graces re- ceived, will be exposed, so that 'all will cry out: "God has judged justly." When Will the Sentence Be Executed? Without Respect Immediately, after the sentence Of Persons. has been pronounced. To will and to execute is but one act with With God there is no distinc-[God. The elect will enter heaven, ti0n of rank. Standing before[eternal glory with jubilation and Him are creatures, composed of joy, to join with the holy angels body and soul. Riches and posi- in singing the praise of Almighty tions held here on earth will have no value. Emperor and beggar are alike in the eyes of the Su- preme Judge. It will be discover-I ed that the things valued and es. teemed by men, will have been the stumbling block for many. i God will demand an account of how the good fortunes have been acquired and how they have been used; whether the rich have fol- lowed the advise that Christ gave to the rich young man: "Sell everything that you possess and give to the poor and then come and follow me." Answer they must the questions whether they have given gladly and liberally to those in need, ot" whether they refused to share their wealth, of which they were custodians only by the What Do You Know? A Catholic Memory Test (Answers on Page 8) 1. What was the name of the wealthy Israelite and dis- ciple of Christ who requested from Pilate the body of Jesus and with the help of Nicodemus placed it in the tomb? 2. What is the name of the virute which moderates anger, which controls disorderly af- fection leading one to resent an. other's action, the virtue in which St. James sees the gen- eral purification of soul re- quired for the practice of the Gospel precepts? 3. What is a n6vena? 4. What is the name of the parable which occurs in the Gospel of St. Luke in the same chapter as that of the parables of the lost sheep and of the woman searching for the lost coin, which impresses on us the earnestness with which Our Redeemer desires tle repent- ance and return of a sinner, and which has caused innumer- able conversions and acts of perfect love of God? 5. Who was Charles Warren Stoddard, born in Rochester, N. Y., in 1843, and died in Monterey, Cal., in 1909? God. They will take possession of the mansions prepared for them by God from the beginning. The wicked, on the other hand, will enter eternal doom, which they prepared for themselves. How foolish is it then to run and chase after the vain pleasures of this world which so frequently plunge men into sin, which make ready for them eternal ruin, eter- nal perdition. Therefore let us practice virtue perseveringly and !to shun vice, no matter what it may cost. Let us weigh carefully every thought, word and deed in the light of the Last Judgment. Let us ask and answer the ques- tion: What value will it have, of what benefit will it be to me on the Last day? Do you ]fnow.. and allow divorce. Mixed mar- riages must not be confused with "Disparity of Cult" as it is tech- nically expressed in Law, which refers to the marriage of a Catho- lic and an un-baptized person. A dispensation for such a mar- riage is necessary and if not ob. tained the marriage is more than unlawful, it is invalid. GEORGE ELLIS Pugh was a and statesman during the period of the slave civil war. He was an of the Douglass doctrine lar sovereignty in slavery, espousing this the hopes of averting tween the North azd i Following his marriage to i Chalfant, both he and !became converts to the Graduating from versity, Oxford, Ohio, he mitted to the bar and a lawyer of high repute. ed in the Mexican war year as a captain and a citation for braverY at Atlexco. He was Ohio House of and later became city Cincinnati and That Pope Sylvester II, a na- tive of Auvergne called Ger- bert, was one of the rare steno. graphers of the middle ages? That in a Vienna museum stands a statue of amedieval monk, with a pair of glasses in one hand and bearing this in- scription: Here lies Salvina D'Armato degli Armati of Florence, the inventor of spect- acles. May God forgive his sins." He died in 1317? That to Pope Sylvester II is attributed the invention of wheeled clocks? That the first English speak- ing priest born within the limits of the United States was the Rev. Robert Brooke, S. J.? He was ordained in 1669. That a Jesuit in Rome has adapted Pitman's shorthand to the taking of speedy and ac- curate notes of discourses in the Latin tongue? That six new Chaplains will be added to the United States Navy this year, which will bring the total up to eighty-three? This announcement comes from the Navy Department at Wash- ington, D. C. The number of chaplains will be increased to ninety next year. That Pope Sylvester II was widely accused of sorcery in his own day because he could read what he had written in his own shorthand? or Ohio. He was the first native: to be elected to the Senate, his principal this body being on the on public lands and o, diciary. He soon received tion for his able the slave question and prominent part in the of the territories of Nebraska. He was re-election, mainly attitude on slavery, Charleston-Baltimore of the Democratic party ported the nomination lass. He stated that he opposed to slavery in where it existed, but tension into free not be allowed without a peal to the ballot by the t the territory concerned, He argued many cases and was elected a to the Ohio c vention, but to was born in and died there in 1876. (N. C. W. C. * A CATHOLIC * OF * CHRISTIANS * * * * * * * * * * (Compiled by the Rev. Lieseh.) * THE Be at least as much man to your friend as a stranger.--Bishop F. It is the gentle mind the gentleman. ing. His tribe were God gentlemen.----John Lowly living and thought; Adorn and ennoble poor man's cot; For mind and nature's plan, Are the genuine a gentleman. Father Abram True manhood and should be With gentlemen the bone.T. 2,. A gentleman does to know more or to those with whom he is company.Bishop A gentleman is one is luminous and pure.Bishop Spal dtg It is almost a gentleman to say he never inflicts pain. tion is both refined as it goes, accurate. I Newman. Nothing is so ness; nothing so strength.---St. On this earth we a more brilliant lovely treasure than Blessed Liguori. FREE UNIONS. of employes into a right and a ganized Social Justice, ington, D. C. I ardently desire the love and respect Divine Master, that excises of devotion bet one another.-" Loyola. /i  ii/