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October 16, 1942     Arkansas Catholic
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October 16, 1942

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PAGE EIGHT -NoRTHAND -SdOT-H-BISHoPs MEET In the United States, attending the sessions of the Latin-American: Seminar, sponsored by the National Catholic Welfare Conference, the Most Rev. Mlguel de Andrea, Titular Bishop of Temnos and Director of the Catholic Workers' Center in Buenos Aires, is greeted by the Rest Rev. John Mark Gannon, Bishop of Erie and Catholio press leadeP. Bishop Gannon has Just returned from South America. (N.C.W.C.) "QUI VIVE?" (Continued from page 1) war effort. Such persons may be technical experts, essential work- ers in war factories, railroad men or farm hands. It is vitally neces- sary that large quantities of food' and supplies be produced in order to feed and equip our forces and those of our allies. Such a task requires men of many and varied skills. Evidently such men must he excused from military service. In the i!terest of the success of our aggregate effQrt, it is neces- sary for those in authority to de- cide and for the people to accept their decisions. The latest rumor concerning na- tional rationing of gasoline is that it may be postponed for several months in the ttes that are not $lredy rationed. Apparently, the authorities at Washington have never been in favor of universal gas rationing, because it is not deemed necessary. They h@ve been driven to the consideration of this measure by the persistent complaints that have come from the states that have been restrict- ed. The people in these states act- ed much like fractious children who, because they are deprived of something, w@nt others to be in the same fix. The reason for gas rationing in the sections of the country where it exists is due to transportation difficulties. Such conditions do not exist in those places which are close to the oil fields. It seems ridiculous to a- tion gas in areas where the sup- ply is so plentiful that, if it is not used, it will be wasted for lack of containers. It is wishful thinking to believe that gas rationing will save much rubber. As a matter of fact, it does not save it in the areas which are not rationed. The truth of the matter is that nearly everyone, even in those restricted district, gets all the gas that he needs. There is only one very sure way to save rubber and that is by careful and slow driving. It will not save rubber to allow cars to stand in garages for lack of gas to operate them. Those who know /he facts and tell them must agree that it hurts the rubber in the tires when they stand for long in one position supporting the car. What this country needs is drastic laws to deal with those persons who insist upon speeding and oth- erwise abusing the rubber in their tires. Investigation would prob- ably show that many of those who speed and handle their cars carelessly are persons, who are by law entitled to get new tires or recapped ones. There should be a careful pOlice check on such vio- lators. When convicted their names should be stricken from the privileged list. MISSIONS (Continued from page I) on the soil of one of the Bahama Ishmds. Even the most staid and prejudiced of our historians re- count that the Genoese, falling upon his knees on this occasion gave thanks to God for a safe journey and naming the land San Salvador for his Saviour and claiming it for ttis Catholic Ma- jesty of Spain.' "To my listeners in the United States, so long' prone to accept biased accounts of our historic foundations and expansions, this stressing of the Catholic story may be of interest. Historically it con- stituted the most trustworthy gauge of achievement in this New World. It marked the beginning of 450 years of service to the Americas on ffm part of Catholic missioneries. Today that service enters upon a new and more fully developed era with renewed signi- ficance. Found Consolation in Monastery "The Europe of the fifteenth- century actually differed little from today. The Islam invasion and the infiltration of heresy par- lolled in essence today's warfare and paganism. Attacked mater- ially as well as spiritually, Catho- licism, far from curtailing her mis- sion endeavor, was eager to ex- pend it in every way possible. Thus, when the Genoese Columbus was denied the financial aid of Europe's rulers, he found both consolation a n d encouragement within the quiet confines of La Rabida. The Prior of this Domin- ican monastery, product of the dauntless faith and zeal of the great St. Dominie, realized the possibilities of the navigator's plan. Beyond the fm horizon of the uncharted seas might be souls to save--men, as yet undiscovered who could be brought to the knowledge and love of Christ. Why not bring this project to the attention of Her Most Catholic Majesty of Spain? The Moorish menace had been relieved by the fall of Granada--the expenses of 'home front' warfare were les- sened. Thus we have a faint background for the picture of Columbus' discovery. Now let us consider the highlights in the fore- ground. "On January 6, 1494, the Bene- dictine, Dom Bernardo Boyl, ap- pointed Vicar Apostolic of New Spain, celebrated Mass at what may be considered the first Ca- thedral in the western hemisphere located at Isabella on Santo Dom- ingo. Undoubtedly this edifice was humble, and to the gaze of the natives there was little connec- tion between the Bloodless Sacri- fice offered there and the cere- monials performed at the san- guinary altars erected to their Gods. Yet the true foundation of real service was inaugurated on that Feast of the Epiphany, 1494, for it marked the systematic estab- lishment of mission endeavor und- er accredited leadership. "Like the branches of a mighty tree Catholicity spread. From the island on which are located the sis- ter republics of Haiti and Santo Domingo, it extended into Cen- tral, South and North America. It achieved the establishment of the first parish on our own United States at St. Augustine, Florid'a, : in 1565 with the appointment of the Rev. Martin Grajales as pas- tor. "Certainly the 'good neighbor policy' was in practice for the ad- vancement of the spiritual and better material life of the South American natives as early as the sixteenth and seventeenth cen- tury. While we have heard the one-sided argument concerning the depradations of Spanish arms, we know and appreciate the truer and more constructive picture of Catholic service. First Seminary Opened "Thus we can appreciate the sacrifice it must have been for the learned St. Toribio to leave the exalted atmosphere of the Spanish courts and the renowned Catholic university of Salamanca to un- dertake the mission apostolate in Peru. As Archbishop of Lima he established churches, schools and hospitals. Roads were built up and down the tortuous sides of the Andes. Then as a culmination he opened the first seminary for the training of priests in the New World. The first American Saint, Rose of Lima, raised t6 the altars of the Church was baptized by this same zealous Archbishop and the Peru of the Incus entered upon a golden era of Catholicity. "The 450 years of service, how- ever, was not confined to one country or to one community. While the Spanish Jesuit, Peter Claver, brought the Charity of Christ to the most desolate of the Negro slaves in South America, his French confrere, Isaac Jogues, and his companions, suffered the most excruiciating torture to im- plant the faith among the Indian tribes of the Great Lakes district and Northern New York State. St. Peter Claver, gloried in his title 'slave of the slaves' and antedated by almost three and one-half cen- turies our American Emancipation Declaration. St. Isaac Jogues, Brefeuf, Lalemant, Goupil and i their confrers constitute the splen- dor of our North American marty- rology, insuring the growth of Ca- tolism in the northeast, by the shedding of their blood. "Three hundred years ago the first Mass was offered at Ville Marie the present site of the great city of Montreal by a Sulpician worthy follower of the renowned Olter. Down from this section of New France cam some of our greatest missionaries as well as explorers. Did not Joliet come from Canada to enlist the services of the renowned Father Marquette upon that momentous journey which was to trace the course of the Father of the Waters, the Mis- sissippi? And whose recording of that journey apprized the world of the findings of that 2,500-mile trip lasting 120 dys? The Catholic missionary, F a th e r Marquette, chronicled that voyage in which he played so tmnortant a part. "From the same New France, THE GUARDIAN, OCTOBER 16, 1942 Friends O: Russia Ignore would promote greater sympathy and wider support for embattled Russia among the people of the United States have done their cause no great service in com- pletely ignoring religion and free- dom of conscience in a prospectus of a "Congress of American-Soviel Friendship' to be held in New York City, November 7 and 8. As a means of promoting "bet- ter understanding between the Soviet and American Peoples," the program announces, there will be panel discussions at this "Con- gross of Friendship" on the fol- lowing subjects: 1. Science, Exploration and the War. 2. Public Health and Wartime Medicine. 3. Women in the War. 4. Child Care in Wartime. In a statement of the aims of the Congress, also silent on the subject of religious freedom, Jos- eph E. Davis, Honorary Chairman, announces that the Russians are "fighting our fight when they fight Hitler." He tells of the mag- nitude of the sacrifices they have made in our common cause." He lauds the Russians for "holding the fort for world democracy." And he repeats the declaration contain- ed in the announcement of the panel discussion subjects that "the Promoters Silent On Subiect Of Freedom Of Conscience W hi gt , .. purpose of this movement is to as n on Letter promote better understanding and cooperation between our two great Washington. (t) -- Those w h o peoples." There are those among Wash- ington observers who promptly ask: "What better way to promote this mutual understanding than through an examination of the at- titude of the rulers of Soviet Rus- sia toward ttmt vital one o the. four freedoms--freedoms of re- ligion?" There are, they remind', millions of Americans who will never "understand" a regime which persists in its sland against Christianity, which continues open support to atheistic effort to wipe out belief in God. The Director of the Office of War Information, Elmer Davis, has undertaken to clear up some of the confusion that exists re- garding the policy of the United States in relation to the peoples and governments of enemy coun- tries. That there was need of clarifying this policy was only too obvious. On the one hand, some army leaders were advocating the crushing of the Axis countries in a spirit of hatred and vengeance. Some went so far as to say that hatred was a necessary motive in fighting the war to a successful conclusion. On the other hand, officials of the civilian branches such as the State Department, were asserting that the enmity of the United States is not directed against the peoples of the enemy countries but the governments' and ringleaders who were directly responsible for launching the war and the atrocities that have ac- companied it. For example, General Somer- vell was quoted as saying in a recent address that the Nazis and Japanese hated us and that it was our duty "to hate them .... They are fierce and godless savages and we have every right to fear them." Others have said much the same thing. Unfortunately, no very clear line of distinction is drawn between the governments and those who control them and the people, who have little or nothing to say abotit what they do. There m very good reason for hating the self - constituted governments the Nazi party of Germany, the war lords of Japan and the Fasc- ists of Italy, and the things they stand for, but to hate the people over whom they rule, many of whom hate them too, is quite an- other matter. The attitude of the United States, as interpreted by Director Davis, is not to crush the people of the Axis countries but to crush the governments that enslave them. Japan, he said, must be de- / 4 1 ,q 2 / now our neighboring Canada, the call went forth for the aid of the Sulpicians. The renowned St. Mary's Seminary on Paca Street, Baltimore, was the first Sulpician establishment in our own coun- try, and eventually three of the four first American colleges in the nation were under their jurisdic- tion. In addition some of our most zealous and able Bishops--- the frontier prelates--were Sulpicians. Men Who Lived llistory "The record o  Franciscan achievements through the Ameri- cas is emblazoned with the names of men who have made and lived history in the Americas. While the avarice of politicians and con- querors brought about the ex- ploitation of the natives of this western hemisphere, the Francis- cans and many of the other re- ligious communities of the Church labored tirelessly for their educa- tion and betterment. When our West Coast was but sparsely in- habited who opened the first inns for the accommodation of travel- ers? The Franciscan missionaries whose stations are even today en- joying the recognition which their worth merited. ''Who taught the people the wonders of citrus plant- ing, grape growing? Missionaries of the Catholic Church--that uni- que body of men and women who came to these Americas to give the best that they possessed, without any thought for personal praise or gain. "And that desire to give was not confined to any one community. It touched the hearts of members of practically every religious house It brought not only Jesuits, Dom- inicans, Franciscans, Augustinians, Redemptorists, Sulpieians, Befie- dietines and diocesan clergy. With- in the fastness of the frozen north the Oblates enshrined Mary Im- maculate as their model and while penetrating the frozen wastes of the Arctic Circle they taught and lived the charity of Christ. Edu- cation and hospitalization in the Far North owes a tremendous debt to the missionaries without whom neither exploration nor develop- ment would have been possible. "Thousands of soldiers of for- tune came to American shores dur- ing the past 450 years. Their deeds have been covered quickly by the shifting sands of time. Not so those of that outstanding Russian soldier, Prince Demetrius Augus- tine Gallitzen, who leaving the glamor of Cathrine the Great'., court dedicated iris life, his talents and his fortune to missionary work m our country. 450 Years of Service "And so the story of these 450 years of service to the Americas by our Catholic missionaries is transferred from north to south, from east to west. Whenever new lands were opened', new work to be accomplished, we find them in the foreground. And now a new era dawns. That service assumes greater proportions  acquires a more widespread significance. It includes every man, woman and child of the Americas. The ser- vice we have received must now be shared. It is for this reason that, upon the appeal of the Sove- reign Pontiff to Christendom, and with the endorsement of the pre- lates of the American Hierarchy, Mission Sunday, October 18, 1942, opens up a vista of mission acti- vity almost as great as that en- visioned' by the Dominican Prior at La Rabida in 1492. "Sons and daughters of Ameri- ca are taking their places in con- tinuing the 450 years of mission service, and they will continue that work just as long as they are partakers in the prayers and char- ity of their countrymen. Now as National Director of the oldest and largest mission-aid organization in the world, the Society for the Pro- pagation of the Faith, I ask you, my listeners to make October 18 your thanskgiving day for four and one-half centuries of the most splendid type of service." Religion In Plea For 00vmoa Consecrated Most Rev. Augustine J. Dangl- mayr. Titular Bishop of elba and Auxiliary Bishop of Dallas, Texas, who was consecrated on October 7, by Archbishop Amleto Giovanni Cicognani. Apostolic Delegate to the United States. He is the fifth [ native-born Texan elevated to the Episcopacy. {N.C.W.C.) feated, but we hope that there are Japanese with whom we can deal. The same applies to Germany. We hope there is a residue of PeOPle who are reluctant followers of the Nazis, Mr. Davis explained. This does not entirely dispose of the problem. The Director of Information is obviously under no ! illusions regarding the attitude of the peoples of enemy countries to- ward their governments. "At the moment," he said, "we are more interested in our known and prov- ed friends than in people who may be serving our enemies unwillingly but are serving them nontheless." War permits no choice. The only way of winning it is to de- feat the enemy, whether the peo- ple who are waging it approve of their governments or not. As long as they figh they must be over- come by fighting. But after they are overcome there are moral standards to be observed. The situation is best described by President Roosevelt in a formal statement which may be regarded as a warning to leaders of the governments who commit atroci- ties that they will be made to pay the penalty. "With a view to establishing re- sponsibility of the guilty in- Old Indian TriLe On Pacific Coast Totally G00!ho!ic Fresno, Calif. (l)--Every mem- ber of the Tache tribe of Indians who live in a small settlement 12 miles south of Hartford is a Ca- tholic. The history of this tribe's con- version goes back to the days when Father William, a Dominican mis- sionary, labored in this part of central California, and records show that Bishop Thomas County, of Los Angeles, on his first visit o the tribe, confirmed 28 adults. Under Father William's tiona frame chapel was b the lndians and by its side erected a frame bell tower is still in service. In weather-beaten chapel h razed and a new chae as St. Edward's was r the young braves. The Tache tribe numbers.l 60 souls. Its dead Iie buried'. Indian cemetery two miles the chapel. dividuals through the collection and assessment of all available evidence," he said, "this Govern- ment is prepared to cooperate with the British and other governments in establishing a United Nations commission for the investigation of war crimes. "The number of persons event- ually found guilty will undoubted- ly be extremely small compared to the total enemy populations. It is not the intention of this Gov- ernment or of the governments as- sociated with us to resort to mass reprisals. It is our intention that just and sure punishment shall be meted out to the ring-leaders re- sponsible for the organized mur- der of thousands of innocent per- sons and the commission of atro- cities which have violated every tenet of the Christian faith." From this it would appear that the President is guided by Chris- tian" moral concepts. Those who have been proved to be responsible for the barbarities that have been committed, the slaughter of inno- cent people, to satisfy their lust for power, shall pay for their crimes. These offenses cannot be condoned under any circum- stances. On the other hand, hatred of people who willingly fight what they consider a just war cannot be justified by the same standards. The war objective, as stated by the President, is to destroy Naz- ism and uproot the pagan doctrines of totalitarianism and hold to aC- count those who have resorted to mass slaughter and other crimes. It is not to wreak vengeance upon peoples forced or misled into sup- porting the leaders who committed them. This does not mean that people who subscribe to the evil doctrines are to be entirely absolved. They cannot altogether escape respon- sibility for what has ,been done. Nevertheless, there is hope that when the menace which envelop- es them is lifted, they will join in the fight for a better world. Catholic To Hold Action Forum New York. (E)--With tinguished educators of the lie University ot America cipating, a forum on tion in America at War" has arranged by the Alumni tion of Catholic America as one of the the fifth annual reunion held here November 13 to tional President Maloney nounced. Under the Richard Reir, Editor of tholie News, two sessions forummorning and will be held on Saturday, ber 14. The speakers uates of the Catholic and now occupy on the faculty of that On the morning Very Rev. Dr. Thomas E. a graduate of the class will speak on "Catholic tivities in the War Dr. Mitchell is Dean of the of Social Work of the and one of the leaders in portant phase of Catholic tion and service. The George Johnson, of the 1919, Secretary General tional Catholic sociation will speak on and Catholic Education." At the afternoon session Rev. Msgr. Francis J. Haas, class of 1922, speaking on in War Time." Monsi is Dean of the School Sciences of the Catholic sity. The forum will with the Very Rev. O.P., a member of the 1915, Dean of the School of Philosphy, "Patriotism." . , electric power ts Ip efplosives, aluminum, and other' duclng bombS, shells, the imple" materials ' ' " essential in producing war the land, on and under meats eeded to win the war o the sea, and in the alrl first' responsibility iS t o supply a constant flow o[ Our lot war production, not only in our ov:n electric power maY be required. To thS area but in any area where it all.important task we are devoting the skill and effi- ciency attained through years of experience" ;9 Il LiIN6 D I''' ARKANflAfl I N / )/J