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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
October 16, 1942     Arkansas Catholic
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October 16, 1942
 

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PAGE FOUR r e THE GUARDIAN, OCTOBER 16, 1942 THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY Of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas 3091/S WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21, 1911, at the post office at Little Rock, Arkansas, under the Act of Congress of March 8, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 the year OFFICIAL DrOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian Is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock and I pray God that it may be an earnest champion of the cause of right, justice and truth and an ardent defeltder of the religion we all love so well, I extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its career may be long and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Reek. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR TItOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. D. BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about The Guardian must be handled through the Business Manager, and all matters intended for publication should reach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J PRENDERGAST Business and Editorial Office, 809 West 2nd, Telephone 5486 SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture Service--Knights of Columbus of Arkansas Paragould Council, No. 1713 ........................... 81200 Little Rock Cmmcil, No. 812 ....................... 22.00 Pocahontas Council No 2443 .............................. 17.00 OCTOBER 16, 1942 "It by liberty at the press, we understand merely the liberty at discussing the propriety of public measures and political opinions, let us have as much at it as you please; but it it means the liberty at af- tronting, calumniating and defaming one another, I own myselt willing to part with my share of it when- ever our legislators shall, please to alter the law; and shall cheerfully consent to exchange my liberty at abusing others tar the privilege at not being abused myselt."--Franklin. THE WILLKIE FRONT After only a brief personal interview, Wendell Willkie seemingly has become a stalking horse for Stalin. His blatant advocacy of a quick second front sounds a note somewhat dis- cordant with the more serious and reserved tone and attitude of our military strategists. Of course, he may be exploding a little campaign oratory for the benefit of the boys in Union Square and the radical laborites in England. At any rate, as was noted in these columns previously, it appears no time for a popular cry to attempt to force the hand of our capable mili- tary authorities, who best know the facts and upon whom will rest the responsibility for success or failure. The utmost admiration, which every honest citizen has for the soldiery of Russia in the defense of Stalingrad, and the wholehearted hopes for the ultimate success of the Russian de- fense must cloud outvision of realities. The second front would mean to Russia what Siberian bases against Japan would mean to us. Russia is using the same standard of self-interest in refusing the use of Vladivostok and other bases for fear of angering Japan, as we are in marking time for a second front in Europe. Moscow's continued insistence that a secbnd front be open- ed by-the United Nations "at any cost," has prompted even the New York "Times" to drag the issue out into the open in the following blunt statement: "The Russian demands call for plain speaking. We are not in this war to save Russia Russia is not in this war to save us. She did not try to save Norway, Denmark, Belgium, the Netherlands or France in 1940. She did not lift a finger when the invasion of Britian seemed imminent. Let it be admitted that she was no more selfish then than Britian and France were when they abandoned Czechoslovakia to the wolves, or than we were when, still clinging to an obsolete isolationism, we connived in that betrayal. Now let us consider our actual relationship to Russia and her actual relationship to us. Self-preservation is her first law, and it is also ours. Self-preservation dictates to her that she "shall not risk losing more than she gains by permitting us to use her Siberian bases against Japan, though by doing so we ments are received frequently. Men sacrifice their meals to re- ceive Holy Communion. Formerly it was breakfast but now it may also be supper since the Holy Father has granted per- mission for evening Mass. The men also tell of their religious life i camp. What they say possibly carries more weight than tlie word of the chaplains. A private from March Field, California, writes that the Holy Hour has been established there at noon and that many of the men have pledged themselves to give up part of their noon hour to pray for victory. "BeSides our noon Holy Hour every day, we have two Masses every morning as well as on Sundays. I am sure that a lot of mothers sometimes wonder how we fellows are following our faith. This will help tell them." We may add that many besides the mothers are glad to have this welcome and comforting knowledge. --Universe Bulletin. matters the decision as to when we shall strike on the European Continent." In the conduct of the war we are pledged as good citi- zens to the leadership of our Commander-in-Chief. The mili- tary advisers and executives, to whom he has entrusted our safety, merit our supreme confidence, minus any picayune biekerings founded on that "little knowledge which is a dan- gerous thing" or prompted by the propaganda of those who have other than American interests at heart, which is more dangerous. ---e Evangelist WISECRACKS AND THE WAR Our newspapers, radio systems, and the motion picture industry have given us such ben mots as: "Horrible Huns," "Yellow Japs," and "Mussies Middlemen." It is time for us to realize that we,can never win the war, muchl less the peace, by name calling Military and naval observers who have re- turned from war zones repeatedly report that the Japs, thougk yellow skinned, a, re not "yellow" in the vulgar connotation of that term. 'They are fearless, well trained and finely equipped fighters, i No amount of name calling and fun poking will erase the Nazi conquests in Europe. "Schickelgruber" may have been a "ham" as a paperhanger but this is an empty consolation to France, Holland, Norway, Poland and other countries. Mus- solini may be the resigning Pagliacci of our day but this isn't going to hurl the victory into our lap. --New World, Chicago. Encouragement l Conversation When we love God much we often speak of Him, and feel a natural delight in praising and blessing His holy name. Not that we are for ever doing the preached, but with the spirit of humility, charity and meekness we may distill the honey of piety and divine things, drip by drip, here and there, praying God in the secret of one's soul to let this holy dew pass into the hearts of those who listen to us. Desires Of Our Hearts Our hearts are made for God, creatures are unable to satisfy them. Remember the pleasures which formerly occupied your heart, and' tell me truly if they did not leave it a prey to many anxieties. What a mistake! How many times was this poor unfortunate heart deceived, always yearning after creatures, believing they would find happiness, they met only with vanity. As the dove came out from the Ark of Noah, we shall find no rest for our hearts but in the God from Whom we came. Father Stedman, Confraternity of the Precious Blood, Brooklyn, N. Y. Smudge on Altar Linens The little altar boy extinguishes the candles carefully--no drip- pings must fall from the dark hollow of the candle extinguisher to smudge the altar cloth. On this immaculate ainen cloth, just this morning, there lay a white Host, and tomorrow morning, that Whiteness again. When we are very young, the priest laid upon our infant shoulders, a piece of linen cloth. "Receive this white garment," he said, "which mayest thou carry without stain before the judgment seat of our Lord, Jesus Christ, that thou mayest have Eternal Life." Such was our purity received at Baptism. By now, long has the candle of our life been burning. What markings, what smudges, have fallen to soil that while linen of our Baptism? That Whiteness which we may yet carry before the Judgment Seat of God? Immaculate was the linen which mantled our soul with Baptism at life's beginning. Good house- wives, good Ctaristian gentlemen, how are you keeping your linen? The Society For and the hemlocks. The purpose of this strategem may be to delay reply till the brain can catch up The "" -'r'ropagatmn with the idea, though not infre- quently i,t seems the idea flits Of The Faith through the grey matte,-too fast to be apprehended. You are sure, Papal Blessing for Mission Friends however, to get a winning smile, "With the greatest esteem and a md that is worth something." special love both for our dear mis- "Pied Piper'... sionaries, who in spite of the pros- The Church's attitude toward ent upheaval, endeavor to spread the still extent evil of slavery has the Kingdom of Christ, and for been brought to the attention of the faithful, who, with most praiseworthy generosity and un- flagging zeal, help the missions, we beg God to bless their labors and to fill them with peace and joy. With all our heart we bless them. (Signed) Plus PP XII' might save many thousands of American lives and many bil- lions of American dollars. Self-preservation dictates to us and ltnM:e ssin, sSUtndsaeYe 192n-Stre:ualh to Britain that we shall not vainly sacrifice half a million men the eyes of Christ, to participate in the work of Christ, to help by just because we admire profoundly the gallant defenders of" the nobility of our lives to save Stalingrad. the world, to make it a better place We have no choice but to leave to the specialists in such in which to live, and to help by our generosity the Apostles of the MEN'S RELIGION IN CAMP Twentieth Century, the messeng2 ers of everything that is best in life and greatest in death. Never has there been a time when these missionaries, with their Charitable opportunities to help the poor, the unfortunate, and the sick, were more in need of our assistance. Never was there a Mission Sun- day that had a greater appeal than the one we are to observe this yea.r on Sunday, October 18th-- Francis J. Spellrrmn, Archbishop of New York. Every Catholic mother wants her boy to be a good soldier and at the same lfime a good Catholic. She knows that the gov- ernment is bent upon achieving the former ideal. What about the latter? Because of our accepted form of government of separation of Church and State it could be said that the government is not concerned'about the religious faith of its men in service. Yet that statement would be a sweeping one and would sound brutal. Very directly the government steps in to preserve the faith of the man under arms. Chapels are built in every military and naval camp. Chaplains are commissioned United States officers to be near the men and care for their spiritual wants. The Army does not teach religion directly but it surely has an in- direct part in this great work by commissioning ministers of the Gospel for this precise duty. How are the men responding to their religious duties Chaplains tell us that Masses are crowded and that the Sacra- First Impressions First impressions of the baffling Korean language, recorded almost twenty years ago by Father Pat- rick Byrne, M.M., were published by the editors of The Field Afar, who felt they were too good to remain buried in their archives. "Korean seems, to be half Kor- ean-pure, about three-fourths im- ported Chinese, and the remain- der of Japanese extraction. For almost every pure Korean noun there is a correlative of Chinese derivation, while adjectives ex- hibit the same duplicity. To mix the two, placing a Korean adjec- tive with a Chinese noun, or vice versa, is a penal offense of the first class, with octave. Moreover, one would' not be understood, and this we in turn find hard to un- derstand-for synonyms are sy- nonymous, whatever their deriva- tion. "The Korean teacher scratches his head by whistling through his teeth in reverse English. Ask him a puzzler and you will hear the wind soughing through his can- ines with more fuss than it ever made mid the murmuring pines Catholics again with the recently reported death in Central Africa of His Excellency Most Rev. Ma- turin Guilleme. Bishop Guilleme, who, moved by the miserable plight of the African slaves, used to frequent the slave markets in order to ransom the unfortunate blacks, was often referred to as the "Pied Piper of the African Mis- sions." This title was unofficially bestowed upon His Excellency af- ter more than 3,000 members of his parish followed him 500 miles when he moved from one mission station to another. Our Colored Missions No Chooser of Persons .... Showing that the terrible dis- ease of leprosy visits its victims indiscriminately, Far Away Mls-. sions, in a description of the Fran- ciscan Missionaries of Mary's lep- rosarium near La Planta, Argent- ina, states: "There are at pres- ent among our patients two re- ligious, a young doctor, a ship captain, a school teacher; young man full of life and future, young girl trying to hide the dread marks under a make-up of rouge and powder... " Remember these suf- ferers when you give your special donation on Mission Sunday, for The Society for the Propagation of the Faith contributes gener- ously from its funds to the aid and support of lepers all over the world. The Native Sister---as Seen by the Natives... "What, you may ask, does a pagan think of a Native Sister? At first, he thinks the professed life and ideals of a Sister are quite improbable; but when he comes into actual contact with them, the moral force of the Sister's reli- gious life definitely shocks his naturalism. He sees the native Sister enjoying liberty in a coun- try where custom and prejudice make the very reason of'a wo- man's existence that of satisfying the caprices of man. 'He finds her to be free from all kinds of.servi- tude, endowed with nobility, pro- tected by both human and divine right, entrusted with a mission so high, so noble, and so universal that it makes her a superior be- ing...' To him she is a most im- See Propagation on page 5 Q UES TION B OX Notice--it is important that all questions be stgnod with the sender's name and COMPLETE address (not initials): otherwise the questions will not be answered. No names are ever published. Questions which ask for private answer must be accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelope. We invite only honest and worthwhile questions. Could A Person Be Baptized Who Believes In The Church But Cannot Accept The Confessional? A. If one believes that the Catholic Church is the Church estab- lished by Christ he must believe that the Church is infallible in mat- ters of faith and morals. Believing this he will be willing to accept the teaching of the Church in the matter of the Sacrament of Penance as the divinely appointed way to pardon of sin. When one acknowl- edges the divine character of the Church one must logically submit to her teachings in all things pertaining to faith and morals. To confess one's sins to a priest is hard on human nature, Catholic human nature as well as any other. But, properly explained, the obligation of con- fession is easily understood. There is no mystery, it is evident from the words of Christ and satisfies every human instinct. A non-Catholic hearing that a Catholic friend had been anointed asked nle to explain who can be anointed. Will you give me the answer? The sacrament of Extreme Un- ction may be validly administered only to Christians who have had the use of reason and who are in danger of death from sickness or accident. That the subject of the sacrament must be baptized is obvious, since all the sacraments, besides baptism itself are sub- ject  to this condition. This is implied in the text of St. James: "Is there any man sick around you?" i.e., any member of the Christian community; and tradi- tion is so clear on this point that it is unnecessary to.prove it. It is not so easy to explain on internal gounds why Extreme Unction must be denied to baptized infants who are sick or dying, while Confirmation, for instance, may be validly administered to them; but such is undoubtedly the tradi- tional teaching and practice of the Church. Except to those who are capable of penance Extreme Unction has never been given. If we assume, however, that the principal effect of Extreme Unc- tion is to give, with sanctifying grace or its increase, the right to certain actual graces for streng- thening and comforting and all- eviating the sick person in the needs and temptations which be- set him in a state of dangerous illness, and' that the other effects are dependent on the principal, it will be seen that for those who have not attained and will not attain, the use of reason till the sickness has ended in death or recovery, the right in question .ould be meaningless; whereas the similar right bestoWed with the character in Confirmation may and normally does realize its ob- ject in later life. It is to be ob- served in regard to children that no age can be specified at which they cease to be incapable of receiving Extreme Unction. If they have attained sufficient use of reason to be capable of sinning even venially they may be admitt- ed to the sacrament of Extreme Unction, even though considered too young according to modern practiqe to receive their First Communion. In case of doubt such children should be anointed con- ditionally. Those who have always been insane or idiotic are to be treated in the same way as child- ren; but anyone who has ever had the use of reason, though tem- porarily delirious by reason of fhe disease or even incurably insane, is to be given the benefit of the sacrament in case of serious illness. Q. Sometimes to gain indul- gences it is stated that prayers must he said for the Pope's inten- tions, What does this mean? A. Unless it is otherwise stated, the Pope's intentions always in- clude: (1) the exaltation of the Church; (2) the propagation of the faith; (3) the uprooting of here- sies; (4) the conversion of sinners; (5) peace and' concern among Christian nations, aand the other needs of Christianity. Q. How would you answer this objection: Tolerance is the first duty especially in these days of stress--yet it is admitted that if the Catholic Church is consistent she must be intolerant? A. According to the teaching of Christ, the first duty of a man is not tolerance but love of his neigh- bor. He said plainly: '.'Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself." Jus- tice and love are the first two duties of a man to his fellowman. Tolerance is nowhere mentioned in the law. Mere tolerance does not go far enough. The Catholic Church d'oes not merely tolerate her erring brethren; she loves them with a Divine charity--and this is more than tolerance. Tol- erance is the catchword of a false liberalism which would bind it- self to sin but knows nothing of charity. A distinction must be made in the matter of tolerance. Catholics are not intolerant of the erring, but toward their error there can be no such thing as tolerance. We can not compromise with er- ror. What is false we cannot call true any more than we can call black, white. When, therefore, the Catholic Church combats error and champions truth, she only fol- lows the example of Christ and does what every right-thinking man will ackn+owledge to be just. Dogmatic tolerance is a self-con- tradiction. How can a Church that professes to be a teacher of truth say to a thinking world: "If you believe in the Trinity, in the divinity of Christ, in the sacra- ment of Penance, well and good. If you do not believe in them-- again well and good--for'I cannot be intolerant"? A church which is the custodian of revealed truth cannot compromise with error; and any church--no matter what ele- ments of truth it may retain o1" what good it may do to men--any church which is seen to throw the mantle of a false charity over all vagaries of opinioin within its pale is proven thereby not to have the ball-mark of christian orthodoxy. In this conneetion the Catholic Church stands alone, and is thereby proved to be the one faith- ful custodian of the doctrine re- ealed by Christ. Q. Does a person attending Mass have to say prayers for Mass? Or may he say or pray other prayers and hear Mass thus? What about people who do not pra.y but just sit, and are there only physically? Do they hear Mass? A. It is not required to say the prayers from the Missal (the same prayers the priest says) in order to assist at Mass. However, it is very praiseworthy, and to be urg- ed, to use the Missal during Mass. A person may say other prayers at Mass, as the rosary, or think about, meditate, on the Passion, on the Mass, etc. Attention should be centered on the Mass. It is not enough to be present only bodily in order to fulfill the obligation of assisting at Mass. A sleeping person is present bodily, but he certainly does not assist at Mass (and sins if he carelessly and willingly sleeps at Mass). TRA. NGE_ BUT TRU E F.,, t-of OaTh;i,:, IBy M. I- MURRAY, f5 F.r lAZArUS 00uro[ Catholic Committee of the South by Rev. Anthony c. s. Sp. (General Diocesan The Farm and The Among social family holds first place. Thei: important distinction farming and the other lies in the fact that it merely a means of a mode of living. Like dustries it must face problems of prod'uction marketing. But unlike dustries it makes family life. The farm is tural habitat of the shares with that claim to a central man affairs. To say that is a home as well as a to make .an important but: superficial statement. significance of the farm zation does not consist in ing a parcel of land set human habitation, for c that, but it consists in that the industry of agri essential of a character vide the wholesome and vigorous life. The first condition of family life is unity. of modern industry family with disinte the farm alone, among porary industries, the forces work for the unity home. Father, mother and ren are there engaged in intellectual interests, same social contacts. In the business man is away family and his occupation ten unintelligible to his a mystery to his child'ren. farm it is different. lems of production and furnish a common terest to all the memberS; enjoy the'hospitality of family and the children's is a domestic matter. family life finds a in the rural home. But how present state of agriculture $ to encourage intelligent men and women to farm and establish What valid reason can before the intelligent girls to induce them to lives to the agricultural stun and to resist the lures of the cities? The the cities is due largely, motives than the mere financial gain. jority of farm families in distressing condition of ture are never red'uced to erty which haunts the the city laborer who is job. City life has been talked country life has been for so long that many country boys and girls h-" to believe that all able for a full and are to be found in the obviously that none are to be found on the truth of it is that the excels the city from the: point of the most im ments in completing and human life, that is the of self employment and vate ownership of and above all, for ily life. 'Saluted Our While speaking of the example has on may venture to touch cident of another class. society it is an accepted etiquette for a his hat whenever other who may be with him, bows to a a mark of respect friend and to his Two gentlemen were Catholic church--one and the other a Protes they came in front of the Catholic raised Protestant did likewise. ment later the latter former whom it was saluted, as he had any person in particular the bow; the Catholic that it was his custom in that manner, our in the church. The Protestant was and pleased that he frain from telling every friend he miration for the man increased a hunt We relate this as an illustration of Catholic has to gain servance of the Chur by showing an spect for all that be faith. There are many none so perfect as Savior taught in His men. It contains --say it many times you walk the street that you may hear say, "Blessed is the Jesus;" it will be a for the curse and from the curse and of your sins comes "Lord, be merciful The Son of God pray always and