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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
October 15, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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October 15, 1943
 

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PAGE EIGHT THE GUARDIAN, OCTOBER 15, 1943 Oklahoma Clergy Provide Spiritual Care For 8 Prisoner Of War Camps By Rev. Stephen A. Leven Tonkawa, Okla. 00--Oklahoma has eight prisoner of war camps. To provide for the spiritual care of the Catholics among the inter- nees and to carry out the aposto- late of charity which the Holy Father has desired extended to all victims of the war, regardless of race or creed, has been the partic- ular preoccupation of the Most Rev. Francis C. Kelley, Bishop of Oklahoma City and Tulsa. The camps lie on a circle of some 800 miles extending through Central and Eastern Oklahoma. All of the camps have been visit- ed at least twice by a representa- tive of Bishop Kelley. The spiritual care of the Catho- lic prisoners of war in a State where Catholics are widely scat- "QUI VIVE?" (Continued from page 1) not succeed. This movement, which should be condemned at any time was particularly inop- portune now, when so many men of integrity are figliting to pre- vent irreligious dictators from de- stroying civilized society. Up to the present nothing has contribut- ed so much to the disruption of society as the loose divorce laws that have been enacted. These laws have been brought about by the selfishness of men, who are unwilling to pay the penalty for their own mistakes. The abso- lute binding force of the marriage tered and priests are few has not been easy. In only one instance is the Army chaplain stationed with the United States troops in charge Of the camp a priest. This priest, Captain Joseph A. Costa, C.P.S., speaks German fluently. He has helped in the arrange- ment for the care of the prisoners of war and has offered Mass for them both on Sundays and on weekday evenings. He is assist- ed by a German priest who is among the prisoners of war. Drafted After First Mass The young German priest was ordained in 1939 and was drafted for service in the medical corps of the German army immediately after his first Mass. The Military Ordinariate has extended to him the faculties to celebrate Mass, to hear Confessions and to preach sermons, and has furnished him with a Mass kit such as are pro- vided to Catholic chaplains in the United States army. In two other camps priests of the Benedictine Abbey at Shaw- nee offer Mass regularly each Sunday. One of the priests must drive 90 miles and the other 180 to reach the camps. In another camp Bishop Kelley has designat- ed a priest of his own household to attend the spiritual care of the )risoners of war. This priest not only makes a trip of 60 miles every Sunday in order to offer I Mass for the prisoners of war but :also visits the camp on week- days and is organizing a Gregorian Camps to house 1,000 men are at Fort Reno and at Tishomingo. Smaller camps are at 8tringtown and Powell. With exception of the camp at Tonkawa, which has no prisoners of war as yet, all are being filled with Germans. Despite a recent illness, Bishop Kelley has taken personal part in seeing that the spiritual needs of the internees are attended. "I want these men, and especially the Catholics among them, to go back to Germany after the war convinced that the Church has taken proper care of the spiritual needs of her members wherever they are," is the often-repeated directive of His Excellency to the priests who are working among prisoners of war. Sick Visited In Hospitals The first survey revealed that 40 to 50 per cent of the German prisoners of war in Oklahoma are Catholics. Some 30 to 35 per cent are Lutherans. The others are of no" religious persuasion or else be- long to the group called Gattes- laubige (Believers in God) a sect which does not wish to be re- garded as atheistic but wishes to declare its independence of "Jew- ish ideas." In every camp the command- ers extended every possible court- esy to the official visitor of the Bishop and expressed the desire that provisions be made for the celebration of Mass and recep- tion of the Sacraments. WILL OPEN NEW RADIO PROGRAM Inaugurating a new coast-to-coast radio program are the Most Rev. John F. Null0 Bishop of Fort Wayne, left, and Wilbert J. O'Neill, right, President of the National Council of Catholic Men. They will speak on "The Hour of Faith" program, Sunday, October 17, a new N. C. C. M. broadcast to be heard each Sunday at 11:30 a. rn., EWT.0 over the stations of the Blue Network. (N.C.W.C.) Catholic Church Preceded Bible years after the founding of the The Catholic Church celebrated Catholic Church that the world ob- its silver jubilee many years be- rained the Bible. Christ's Church fore the last book of the Bible was does not depend only on the Bible. 'written. It was more than 300 See Matt. 16,18. Church's Campaign For Decency In Entertainment Recounted New York. (E)--The Church's est art in order that it relentless campaign for decency find itself in continual in the field of motion pictures, with human morality based literature and the theater was dis- natural law,'" Monsignor cussed by the Very Rev. Msgr. Clafferty declared. "'The John J. McClafferty, Executive sential purpose of art,' Pins Secretary of the National Legion tinued, 'is to assist in the of Decency, here in a radio ad- fecting of the moral i dress on the "Catholic Hour" pro- which is man. For this J gram. (art) must itself be moral.'" Speaking over a nation-wide The Bishops of the network of the National Broad- States, Monsignor casting Company, Monsignor Me- said, "determined at all Clafferty delivered the fifth in a at all costs to safeguard the series of nine addresses on the creation of their people" general theme, "The Church in confronted with "a polluting Action," for the "Catholic Hour" luge of indecent literature" program, which is produced by in December 1938 they the National Council of Catholic the National Organization Men. cent Literature "as a dam aga Stemming from pronouncements this putrid flood." by the late Pope Plus XI, which Monsignor McClaffi als0 counseled "unceasing universal called that n the viligance" against evil motion New York, where the majority pictures, the Bishops of the United plays of the legitimate States brought into being the Na- produced, the Catholic tional Legion of Decency ten years Movement was organized "to ago to carry out the wishes of the vide moral guidance to Holy Father, Monsignor McClaf- goers and to advice with ferty explained, ducers and playwrights who The Pope, at the time, asserted their good will seek counsel." that the motion picture has "The Church would have achieved "a position of universal decent in international importance among modern means decent in national affairs, of diversion," and that "there ex- in civic, social and economic ists today no means of influencing tions, decent in family life the masses more potent than the decent in recreational and cinema," Monsignor McClafferty tural pursuits. In fine, recalled. Church would have man "The Holy Father asserted that all his relationships, would to the cinema must be applied man always and in all 'the supreme rule which must di- in accord with the high rect. and regulate even the high- dignity and bend was insisted upon by Christ. A careful study of His words will make it evident, to any discerning person 'that He intended that the marriage union should be dis- solved only by death. Adultry was given as a reason for a separ- ation; but not for a dissolution of the bond, and certainly not for another marriage. ' For sixteen hundred years the Christian Church repudiated any attempt at divorce. Then the so-caled Reformers introduced private in- terpretation o 'the Scriptures and this eventually, led to a mUltipli- cation of sects and abuses of all kinds. Among the consequent evils was divorce with its long train of social disasters. One does not have to be religious to know this. Judges and lawyers, who are daily dealing with the divorce evil realize that something must be done to put an end to the wholesale traffic in divorce, if civil society is to be preserved. Many of these men are not in- fluenced by any religious motives choir and various sodalities among the internees. Three of the camps are situated near towns where pastors have added the spiritual care of Amer- ican soldiers to an already crowd- ed schedule of activitios. One provisional camp where prisoners of war are engaged in clearing ground that will be flooded by a newly-created lake is s6 far from the nearest priest that it has been impossible to have Mass regularly. The writer, who has had the privilege of offering Mass for the i prisoners of war, has been moved by the manifestation of their deep religious faith. During the Mass the German soldiers sang, with- out accompaniment, the hymns they are accustomed to sing at services in their homeland. The sight and sound of hundreds of men lifting their strong voices in praise of the Mother of God brought tears to the eyes of the celebrant and to those of the American soldiers who had come into the compound to be present u the art concerned about the at the Mass, welfare of the ntttion, Divorce is Radios Gift Of Pope and what destroying the family . . " One charity made possible by ever ruins the family unaermmes Bis ..... hop Kelley has been the pre- state anu me the community, the - . sentation to each prisoner of war nation. It seems very .... aonormai camp of a radio as the personal and subversive for . . gift of the Holy Father. Expres- aanrellglOUSattemptSeCtto t:amp ruoer anct lwcAleser to be engaging in . . stuns of gratitude greeted an- iorces oI mar loosen the binding . , = nouncement of the Holy Father s men ol sounu riage laws, when _ .. gift in each camp. judgment, who are not acting un- .... Pmsoner of war camps with ac- or any reugmn der the auspices . . . commodations for 3,000 men each are advising that sr|cter meas- ......... are mtuated at Alva, Tonkawa, ures be introauceu. "x'nere Is nt ......... fie hope for the establishment of a better world and for universal ?&Pl'lg'l]I peace unless men are w411ing to y2"kll,,.kl] restrain themselves and to sacri- . . h' (ominued from page 1) rice their selfish motives upon t e .......... .... The me trainman It was smed that altar of the pumlc gooa.  ' -,,-thned first there wao some mystery as to the home must be o ....... .:. de origin of this report. De m before the nation can While, as is understandable, secure, the N.C.W.C. News Service Cor- respondent has confined himself Current scientific investigation almost exclusively to happenings seems to indicate that many new in Vatican City, he has from time products will be on the market to time radioed about happenings after the war. But even before in Rome, as reported in Osserva- that time there is every reason to believe that the soybean will make rapid strides for recognition. It would be well for the farmers of Arkansas to consider the in- formation that has been given out by Prof. Paul R. Burkholder of Yale. He says that even during the coming winter "many of us will eat vegetable steak and drink soybean milk shakes and like them too." The Iowa farmers arc now growing soybeans in large quantities. It has been made known that the War Production Board is encouraging the conver- sion of soybeans into flour.. This edible bean is already used in England for the production of sausage and it is being used mix- ed with ordinary flour in the making of bread. The bean is rich in protein and so there is a promising field of industry here for those, who axe interested in becoming pioneers in this new field. Like so many other pro- ducts the soybean Can be readily grown in Arkansas. Many far- mers in this state are already fam- iliar with this vegetable and have grown it in large quantities. This is Just another proof of the fact that Arkansas is capable of sup- porting, not only its own people, but of contributing largely to the welfare of the nation and the world. It is for the people of this state to promote all these pos- sibilities. In the past they have been content to be satisfied with their personal knowledge of facts. The world needs to be convinced. Arkansas has had much adverse publicity and those, who have never visited this fine state are inclined to be very much in the dark regarding it. It is for the people to dispell the ignorance of those, who get their informa- lion about Arkansas from sources that are humorous but not re- liable. At present, the Catholic people of this state are engaged in promoting a program that calls for a general recognition of facts. We have a wealth of material re- sources and a fertile soil that ls ealble of producing all sorts of fruits and vegetables. We need more assurance and a determina- tion to demand better treatment. tore Romano. His dispatches to date have made no mention of a sacking of Rome. Apparently originating in Mad- rid, another dispatch said Vatican authorities were preparing for the worst, even the possibility thai: the Holy Father would be carried off as a hostage. A dispatch from Switzerland told of a "peculiar rumor" that had been "allowed" to trickle over the border from Italy, which said details of a plot to kidnap His Holiness had been i revealed. Still other word had it that diplomats accredited to the Vatican, and even the Cardinal Secretary of State, were burning confidential papers, against pos- sible seizure by the Nazis when they are forced to retire from Rome. The Vatican Radio, Thursday night, Oct. 7th, quotes from Os- servatore Remano a statement that it can brand as being without foundation, the report in some secular sources that Archbishop Francis J. Spellman of New York recently visited Pope Plus XII and laid the basis for the Italian armistice. The N.C.W.C. Correspondent in Lortdon reports, that this state- ment was broadcast over the Vati- can City radio station and picked l up in the English Capital. The London Correspondent says the Vatican radio continues to re- strict its broadcasts to five min- utes, but that it doubled this time to give out the new instructions of the Sacred Congregation of the Sacraments concerning the safe- guarding of the Blessed Sacra- ment during air, land or sea at- tacks. These instructions, London reports, include permission for the laity to carry the Sacred Host to safety in extreme circum- stances. The Vatican City Correspondent reports the publication of these instructions in the latest issue of Acta Apostolicae Sedls, which has just made its appearance has acknowledged receipt of two tele- grams from English correspond- ents commenting on broadcast re- ception. This, English observers point out, scotches the report that the Vatican is completely isolated. m I i Just for fun .... Start out at No. 1 and see how many of the b]hnks you can fill in. All of these insignia are in every-day use in our armies, and each stands for a certain person, a certain branch or a certain service that helps do the big jobs that are winning this war. Just in case you can't fill in all the spaces from memory, you will find the correct answers below. f TAe Insignia Pictured: Another insignia you ought to know is a familiar one to most Arkansas folks .... the insignia of our company pic- tured 'at the left. It, too, is a symbol of service .... service in peace time and in war time. Right now our No. 1 job is helping win the war and our abundant power supply is a major factor in the produc- tion of the materials of war. Remember, this abundant power that is serving Amer- ica now will continue to serve you when peace comes. Use it now to lighten wartime living .... but conserva f , 5 I. Signal Corps 2. Msor General $. Militiry Police 4. Medical Corps " it. There is plenty of electricity for all..  1 $. TheT.Intantr,The Corps 6.olStattEngineersSergeant but not a single kilowatt to waste. , !A00R0000,KA00'SAS POWER & LIGHT CO HELPING 00RK00NSAS