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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
October 14, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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October 14, 1911

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THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY, THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY OF THE DIOCESE OF LITTLE ROCK BUSINESS OFFICE: 315 W. MARKHAM ST., LITTLE ROCK, ARK. V. L. SPALDING, Business Manager H/ARNINGS BY CARDINAL GIBBONS. "&apos;The election of Senators by the votes of the peo- ple involves the destrttction of a strong tmlwark against dangen)us popular encroachments.'" "1 have sufficient contidencc in the moral integrity of our l,egislatures to be convinced that the great ma- jority of them have never 1)ent the knee to Mammon." "To give to tile masses the right of anntilling the acts of the Legislature is to suhstitute mob law for es- .......................................................................................... tablished rule." SUBSCRIPTION $1.50 THE TEAR "lear less menacing to the Commonwealth is an oc- OFFICIAL APPROVAL. The Southern Guardian is the official organ of the diqeese of Little Rock, and I pray God that it ma be an earnest champion in the cause of right, justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religion which we all love so well. I extend to it my blessing with the sincere 'hope that its career may be long and.prosperous.--John B. Morris, Bishop of Little SA7"URD,4 Y, OCTOBER 14, 1911 THE ETHICS OF PHILOLOGY. The study of foreign languages-and this is what we mean by philology---has many advantages. The saying that a man who knows two languages is worth two men is not far from the truth The knowledge of a foreign language represents an intellectual value, inasmuch as it is the key to the intellectual treasures of another people, and the value will be in proportion to the excellence of the respective literature. In many eases it means, besides, a commercial value, for to a merchant or a doctor or a lawyer, especitlly in this, our polygot country, the knowledge of several lan- guages will enlarge the circle of our customers and clients.' Philological attainments enhance the efficiency of a priest, and we may say without exaggeration that the knowledge of foreign languages may often be an instrmnent for the salvation of souls. Even a slight knowledge of foreign idioms will afford a great deal of pelasure to any person of a reading habit, for in these days of eosmoI)olitan tendencies one may scarcely take up a book without hitting upon phrases or quotations from foreign tongues. Take a novel, for instance, that deals with Italian life, and bits of Italian conversation will, as a nmtter of course, enliven the text. All these various benefits derived froln philology are surely valuable, but does any of them represent an ethical or moral value ? By the ethical value of an oh- ject we mean the capacity it possesses of improving our character. Thus meditation, spiritual reading, self-denial, have an ethical value, inasmuch as they are calculated to make us morally better. May philology enlist our sympathy on similar grounds ? Let us see. No one who has ever tried to thoroughly acqtfire a foreign idiotn will gainsay the fact that it was a labo- rious task. Now, as muscular exercise strengthens the muscles, so mental exercise strengthens the mind, and exercise of the will generates will power, the basic element of character. But who would deny that all the energy of one's will is frequently called into play during the process of learning a foreign tongue? However, this ethical value of charging the will with energy philology has in common with many other stttdies. And, besides, a large supply of energy is not enough to constitute a perfect character. There may be such a tlfing as stubbornness in men of very strong will power. Now, it seems to me that the specific ethical value of philology consists precisely in counteracting self- opinion and ill breeding a tolerant spirit. Our lan- guage is part of our self; the idiosyncrasies of a peo- ple express themselves most decidedly in its language. To learn a foreign language we must. as it were, go out of ourselves, become unselfish, place ourselves in the nlentat frame of a stranger. That man will hfive the best success in studying a foreign language who has the happy faculty of easy adaptation. And this faculty, so valuable an asset to a man as a social being, is cultivated in studying a foreign tongue. Philology, then, has a tendencv to make us broad-minded, toler- ant, considerate, al')preciative of the excellencies of others, and this I conceive to be,its specific ethical value. A. STOCKER. O. S. B. In an interesting talk on the results expected from the Catholic Press 'Convention, the managing editor of Extension Magazine reminds Catholic readers: "Another poitft worthy of your constant con- sideration is the fact that the advertisers ill Cath- olic publications are entitled to your patronage. It is possible that you purelaase one or more of the secular magazines each month. But in answering advertisements or making purchases you should always give preference to the advertisers in the Catholic magazines. This also applies to locffl firms advertising in your Catholic weekly. Never lose an opportunity to tell the advertiser that you saw his 'ad' in a Catholic publication." casional corrupt or incompetent judge than one who would be the habitual slave of a capricious nnfltitude and Imve his ear to the ground trying to ascertain tile will of the polmlace." "Every change, either in the political or religiotts world: is not a reformation. 'Better to bear the ills we know than fly to those we know not of.' "" If any Southern Guardian subscriber fails to get Iris paper he should notify the nmnagement at once. ()ur 'phone number is 5486. If you are not close enough to 'phone the office, tlro I) a line to The Southern Guar- dian, 315 West Mrkhaln street, giving your old ad- dress and new one. too, if a change Ires been ntade. The manager of The Southern Guardian is exceedingly anxious that all subscribers get their paper proml)tly and regularly each week. Don't be afraid of giving us trouble, because we are 'here to atten(I to every detail of tile bnsiness, and it is certainly part of our business to see that you get your paper after you have sub- scribed and paid for it. Don't be afraid of "bothering" the manager with your colnl)laint, and if for any rea- son your tirst notice fails to bring the desired result tell us again. We do insist, however, that tile name an(1 ad(h'ess he carefully and plainly written, and if you want your pal)er sent to a new ad(tress 1)e snl"e, in writing, to give your old address as well as the new. Hot Springs, long the Mecca for the sick anl af- flicted, is this week the center of attraction for !hou- sands who are enjoying the best of health aml also the best of State fairs. Great and grand exhibits of farm products and fine stock occul)ied tile :enter t)f ihc stage at tile big fair and was the admiration of the )wners and the wonder of tim sl)ectators. The ,'e:;)u,'ccs ()f Arkansas. combined with the skill of lhc present day progressive citizenshil) , tufitc to make it lX)ssiblc for the State to have a fair second to n(.-e, and it the an- nual event which had its opening and ck)sing lhis week, ()ctober 0-1,:. the 1)ossibilities were il'.l,,, realized. "Arkansas on Wheels." a handsonmlv c, luippcd special train of eleven coaches, will leave" the (hfion 1)cpot in this city Friday, Octdbcr 2o, f,)l" "1 ten (lays' tour of the North and East The special train will carry many exhibits of a wonderful State, an'.phr ad- vertising to tell of the resources and a bunch of live boosters, who will cause the hustlers from the N,rth an(l the wise ones from the East to "sit in) and l:tl<c notice." To the builders of Greater Arl.iansas q'he Sottthers Guardian extends congratulations and sug- gests that xou let your light shine o:mtinuallv. A suhscriber fn Cairo Who has kept up his ,aem- bership in the Knights of Pythias for Veal'.; because of the insurance in favor of his family it'ca:ried wants to kuow if he can continne ms'" fin:racial c mmctioil with the order and go to the sacranmnts, l'he matter was some years ago referred to the Apostolic i )elcgate, and lie obtained a ruling from Rome thai permitted a eontintmnce m the order by it Catholic prr,,,ided it went no further than participation in the insm'ancc.-- Western Watchman. Every Catholic college and academy in Washing- toil, D. C., is overcrowded. Georgetown University has tile largest enrolhnent in its history. The Catholic University is finding it ahnost impossible to accommo- date the unusual number of students applying for ad- nussion. Trinity College has fifty more students than it had last year. Requesting a few copies of Father Lucey's book- lets, "I'ractical Socialistn," a lady writes from /Los Angeles that they in that city are m the throes of an approaching election, and that to her sorrow and regret ration labor has endorsed socialism. Too bad that the union men should give their emlorsenlent to socialisnt and Socialist candidates. Last week tlle Catholic Telegraph of Cincinnati celebrated its eightieth anniversary, an event without parallel in Catholic journalism in this country. To Editor Hart and his excellent paper The Southern Guardian extends hearty congratulations, hol)ing they may both become centenarians. "/'he moving pictures ntake the whole world akin. therefore the good things, and not the had, of tile .lifferent countries shoultl be shown on the canvas. DRINK AND INSANITY. ducing worry, anxiety and sorrow The Commissioners in Lunacy for none l)robahly is quite as effective as England and Wales estimate that there are about three insanepersons who come from an apparently sane stock for every one whose family his- tory contains a record of insanity. Tills does not mean, however, that in only one case out of four s insanity inherited. The question of hereditary transmission, as the Commissioners alcohol.Saturday Evening Post. STRIKE PERIL IN ENGLAND. The manner in which th efood sup- ply of London was imeperiled by the recent strike has made a profound im- pression on the authorities, and steps are being taken with the object of re- ducing risks of the kind in case of the It was worth $15 a pound and its to- tal production in the United States was less than [oo pounds a year, not- withstandiug the fact that alunfinum is the most abundant of all the metals in the earth's crust, of which alumi- num oxide forms about 15 per cent The great progress made in the in- dustry is noted in the fact that a re- port on bauxite and aluminunt for 19Io, just published for the United show, is much too complicated to be renewal of labor trouble. Military States Geological Survey, shows settled by the first-hand figures. In officers are surveying the metropolitan consumption in this country in that many instances where no positive in- area to provide material for the or- year of 47,734,0oo pounds, valued at sanity can be found in the family ganization of military and civic forces nearly $|2,ooo,ooo. The price has marked "instability of tile nervous system" .can be discovercdand the cqmmonest cause of this ancestral in- .stability of the nervous system is al- cohol. A hard drinker, in short, though hiniself escaping lunacy, may transmit a tendency to insanity. Aside from the question of heredity "two other factprs," say the Commis- sioners, "stand out prominently in the history of insane persons. These on lines most effective for the general public's interest. In a few weeks'a scheme will have heen completed whose object is to reduce to a mini- mmn the inconvenience of a great strike to the Londoner's daily life. Particular attention is being given to electrical, gas and water supply sources, for if these failed mob law would have its opportunity. The plans will arrange for strong guar- dropped from $I an ounce to about 23 cents a pound. POTTAWATOMIE DIVORCES. When a Pottawatomie Indian wishes to divorce his wife he simply marries another woman. The Su- preme Court of Oklahoma recently decided that such a divorce is "legal are the toxic agent alcohol and men- dianship of thewater supply and light- and proper" when only Pottawatomies tal tress." The stress that is pro-. ing and vehicular houses, are affected. It will be surprising if longedas worry, anxiety, sorrow : . the Pottawatomies of Oklahoma do results in insanity much more fre- ALUMINUM NOW COMMON. not at once receive large numbers of quently than does a sudden shock. Not over a generation ago alumi- applications for accession to their And of all known agencies for pro- num was little more than a curiosity, ranks,Chicago Record-Herald. KINDNESS. sary was recited. It was apparently "l'leasant words are as an honey- bnt a little thing, not calctflated to comb. sweet to the taste and health give any great iml)etus to devotion. to the bones." but as life develol)ed the tender asso- \\;Vhat heart does not respond to elation of household prayer went with the sentiment of the wise man? \\;Vhat it. forming those deep sources of spir- heart has not 1)een made glad by the itual force which characterize their utterance of pelasant words? "l'here children even today. It produced that ts a i)otcncy in them beyond the spell instinct, if we may so call it, of prayer, ()f the sorcerer, which lifts its weight that deep reverence for things holy from the overburdened spirit and kin- and that insight st) puzzling to non- dles a gleam of hol)e for the despair- Catholics of the spiritual needs and rag. tendencies of man that slfines ont in ]'lcasant words are like nnostenta- the countenance of the Catholic chil- cion friends, qnietly ministering to dren of today, a beauty that it with- our bal)piness without burdening us out harshness and a candor that is with the weight of obligation." Like trustfulness visible. )lcasaut flowers strewing themselvs The rush and crowding of ntodern profusly along life's open pathway, days has entered the Catholic home, they till the world with their fragrance and, although the beautiful spirit of and impress all hearts with their faith still hovers shout the hearth and beanty, glows in the sturdy loyalty of our Is it not strange that anything so Catholic yotntg men and wonten, yet grateful to the feelings of all so the old custom of family prayer has adapted to confer hapl)iness and at given place too often to individual ue- such small expense, too. should be votion. And this. excellent as it is in so often undervalned and neglected? itself, depends much on the individual /tow often we turn away with scorn disposition, coupled with the greater or at best with indifference from the diffusior of teml)tation of an order simple act. the little words of kind- quite unknown formerly. A return, in ncss. something, at least, to the old custom And yet who needs to be reminded would be elninently desiral)le and that it is these little things which full of meaning, not so extensive make up the sum of Ira,nan happi- the greatest advantage, hoth to family ness? We ntay not be able to per- attd to its members. Prayers, shotl fornt any remarkable achievement for and lengthy as to absorb a great the bcnclit of our friends or to startle amount of time will give tbe mtpetus the worhl with the magnitude of our that is needed to unite religious feel- I)enevolencc, hut we may at any time, ing in the family. The night prayers said briefly bnt with recollection, be- by a pleasant word or look. light up the face of sorrow with a smile and gnn in early childhood and continued dispel the fast-gathering tears fron as long as children rentam under par- even affliction's eye. cntal control, will serve, not only as The power of conferring happiness sl)iritual blessings, hnt even in a hu- is not so rare its li Solnetinles sup- nlan way; will contintle to raise th.- posed; or. al least, it need not be if ,nind to noble and lofty conceptions; we were l)tlt willig to eml)Ioy the will create an aversion for the nlean.- means within our rcach instead of ness of evil; will shield from the vainly sighing after those that ;ire tcml)tations incident to unworthv beyond us. How often do we deceive conal)anionship. ourselves by these idle imaginatious The carelessness of parents in rc and only our selves, for there are gard to the family prayers of their those who. would they deal honestly, young is an evidence of carelesspcs would tell us that these little things in general life. Snch children are per- constitute the true test of our I)enev- mitted greater freedom on the strcets. )lencc. and often in dangerous places. Corn- "He who is faithful in that which pan;ons are permitted whose influ- is leasl is faithful also in nmch. and cenc spells ruin. The prayerless cifiht he that is un2ust in the least is unjust is ahnost led into an atmosphere redo- also in much." lent of evil and inffnencing sin. If. then. we lind it no occasion of Family prayer is a beautifnl custom joy to gladden those around when it in itself; it brings God's blessings to can 1)e done hy a pleasant look or those who engage in it and it serves word, we may be sure that the spirit as an education to a clean life, as a of kindness has not its home in our safegnard from the dangers that can- hearts But if. while indisposed for not he met save by a character for- the little act which attracts no no- tiffed by prayer. ttce we are ready to l)erfornl the =-. greater that secure. the observation IRELAND AND WALES and applause of the world, we are SCHOOL STATISTICS. prompted to it l)y some other spirit than the angel of love. "Statistics of f'ublic Fdncation in What an amount of suffering and lngland and Wales." by the British evils without number might he avoid- 13oard of Education. have just been ed would we cherish in our hearts the determination to do all we can to reu- published as a hlue hook. They show der lhose around us hapl)y, irrespect- that there are in England and Wales ire of hunaan praise or blame. Then 2L99 schools, providing accommoda- the satisfaction of giving "a cup of tion for 7,o82,8oo children. Voluntary cold water" to the fainting or a word schools numbered 13,o44, with 3,t4,- of encouragement to the disheartened would bring its own reward though 7o8 places, and there were 8,155 coun- '. r o earthly observer shotfld wmess or cil schools,, accomnaodating 3,968,o92 applaud, children. The denominational schools Few hearts can long resist the inffu- and their acconmtodation were: ence of a pleasant word. They ntay Church of England, ll,oo8sehoolsand be irritated by the injustice or cruelty ofthose whom they bare encountered 2,468,o62 places; Wesleyan,, 242 in the rugged paths of every day life; schools and 81,477 places; Ronaan lhcy may be goaded to resentment I)y I,o73 schools and 391,864 places, and injuries that cannot he redressed. Jewish, 2 scbools and lo,554 places. [3ut let us meet them with the aspect Classed as "'undenominational and and language of kindness and the lires of impatience, anger and re- other schools" were 52" schools, with venge will yield more readily to their accomnaodation for 3o,177 scholars. inttuence than ttame to the cooling In the certified schools for the hlind waters there was acconmaodation for 2,m3; Even those who have injured us deaf, 4,167; mentally defective, 1,689; and who, perhaps, are plotting deeper wrongs--whom no reasoning could physically defective. 4.48, and epilep- dissuade or threats intimidate--may tic, 464. be overcome by a kind, forgiving The nnml)er of-schools in England word. was 19,348, of which 12,366 were vol- \\;Vhat a delightful place this would untary, providiwg accomntodation for be if the word within us were as bar- 6,638,786 children. In Wales the num- monious as the world without. And her of schools was 1,75t 678 heing vol- why should it not he- Why should untary),with accommodation forst3,- stm and star, dew and rain. tre and 36o children. In England 57,4o7 flower .fultill their duties so much teachers were entployed in the ordi- utore faithfully than we? If the law nary public elementary schools, and of order belongs to them ours is the in Wales 4,I82. The average attend- law of love. It is the lain emanatiug ance during school year was 4,796,- from His whose name and heart is 416 in England and 387,6oo in Wales. Love, which "makes a heaven of In England 316,581 girls attended heaven."--Henry Coyle. cookery classes, .while 74 boys at, =: tended similar courses. Other special FAMILY PRAYERS. .c!asses were attended as follows: The days of trial in the old pioneer Laundry work, 18d6o; housewifery, of the generation that now enjoys the 24,920; combined domestic subjects, a fruits of heir cares, They labored, it 6,768; dairy work. 13o; gardening, t,o22 is true. in [ield and in forest: in the girls and 32,276 hoys; handicraft streets of the city and along the high- (other than light woodwork), 223,- ways. They built up the material fea- 591, and light woodwork. 882, tures of the nation whatever archi- The staff of adult teachers in the tects may have l)lanned them, and English schools was composed as fol- whaiever funds may have secured lows: Certificated, 3o, tol men and then). But it is not front their mate- 61,351 women: uncertificated (includ- rial work alone that their children ing provisionally certiffcated),-5,o21 l)rofited most, for their meagre gains men and 35,427 women; supplement- scarcely covered their many expenses, ary, 43 men and 13,87 women; pro- Rather it was the generosity of their visional assistant teachers, 773 men prayer, con, tant and in secret, that and 1,551 women. brought the hlessings of lJrosperity The number of grant-aided secon- and happiness to their posterity, ary schools in England was 84L with In little houses hidden away in the 8,825 teachers and 141,x49 pupils. deep woodland and in the close, con- There were also 35 recognized techni- fined rooms of the city the father and cal institutions, the number of teach- mother gathered the little ones around ers being 836 and the number of stu- them as the night shadows were fall-/dents on account of whom grants ing, and, kneeling reverently, the Ro-J were made, ,574. THE ROSARY. The month of Rosary! How fnll of meaning, says the Catholic t3ullctin, is that phrase of the devoted client of Mary! It speaks volumes to those who understand the part the Blessed Mother plays in the economy of sal- vation No title is dearer to her he't than that of the Queen of the Mo' Holy Rosary, and no form of prayer makes uch an irresistible appeal to her as the Rosary. During the month of October the Church says special cmphasis on its efficacy as , means of honoring the Blessed Virgin Mary and ohtaining from her divifie Son in- numerable graces and blessings. The Rosary is one of the most de- votional forms of prayer and one adapted to the spiritual needs of every Catholic, no matter what his position in life may be. No high degree of in- telligence is required to tmderstand its surpassing value and the graces that flow from it are not measured by in- tellectual attainments or social worth. but by the depth attd intensity of the love that springs from the devout heart of the Child of Mary. Rich attd paar, old and young, the learned attd the ignorant--each in his own way and in accordance with the capacity of his soul, may experience the su- pernal delights which accre to all who make proper nse of this tribute of praise and prayer to God through Itis Vtrp, in lother. l)urlng the month of October Cath- olics should strove to honor in an es- pccial manner the Blessed Virgin by thc devout daily recitation of the Ro- sary, or, as it is counnonly called, the beads. Every Catholic ought to be fantiliar with this beautiful form of prayer and have recourse to it daily. Each one should ntake the Rosary his constant companion by carrying it on his person and utilizing the spare mo-- ments of even the busiest day in thumbing its 1)cads. The principal l)art of night prayers in every family should be the recitation of the beads in common. Ther.e is nothing more productive of the true Catholic honte spirit than the fervent recitation of the Rosary by the members of the family hefore retiring. It dissipates the mists of worldliness that end to gather around the family hearth; it heals the wounds caused by loss of temper, uncharitableness and hicker- ins; it hrings peace to hearts agttat/:d by the cares of daily life: t strength- cns the tics of family affectit,v.; it feeds the flame of lilia lvc; it 1era- pets the severity of parentai author- ity; it develops the spiritual life of the individual and realizes in a measure Ihe idea of the Christian honte made concrete in the Holy Family uf Naz- areth The recitation of the Rosary is a profession of faith in the fundamc:ttal mysteries of our holy religion. It re- calls to mind the wisdom, and power of God, the Father Who planned the work of human redemption: of God. the Sou, Who in His own person bore the lmrden of the worlds' iniquities in order tlfat this work might he render- ed efficacious; of God, the Holy Ghost,, whose abiding presence in the Church makes possible the continual application of healing grace td human souls. It is a book of ineditation wherein we pass in review the events connect- ed with the earthly life of the Savior and the part which the Blessed Virgin played in the economy of salvation. It traces the course of the divine oper- ations from the day on which the Angel Gabriel saluted the Maid of Is- rael through the mysteries of the In- carnation and Childhood of Christ, His agony and death His resurrection and ascension, and leads the mind to the very throne of Him Who crowned His Virgin Mother Queen of Angels and of men. No other form of prayer is so rich with the unction of grace, and none is more easily said or more productive of lasting benetit to the de- vout soul. The habit of reciting the Rosary daily is one which is very easily contracted and which, when formed, gradually weaksn the power of sin. Recourse to the Rosary brings courage in temptation, solace in afflic- tion, perseverence under difficulties, recollection in the midst of distrac- tions and the assurance of the never- failing protection of the Mother of God. Parents should teach their chil- dren how to say the Rosary and by the force of example impress npon their yonng minds its value as a daily aid in the acquisition of virtue. INVITATION IGNORED. Thomas Watson, editor of a maga- zine which he has ohligingly conde- scended to honor with his own name, remarks parenthetically in the latest installment of his madhouse fulrn tions, under the caption, "The Ro'anJ Catholic Heirarehy, "Really, I wish some Catholic scholar would pluck up his courage, put on his armor and enter the lists of controversy. This having it all to myself is mononon- ous." In other words, Mr'. Watson bids us all "come in; the mud is fine." He wants some one to enter a "con- . troversy" ad try to combat the viper- ous outbursts of his heat-oppressed brain with reason[ But that is quite consistent with his other inconsist- encies.--The Irish Standard.