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October 9, 1942     Arkansas Catholic
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October 9, 1942
 

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THE GUARDIAN, OCTOBER 9, 1942 PAGE FIVE ' I IIIII Where Columbus Died LAND HO! th house at Valladolld, In Spain, Chrlstopher Columbus, "'The Great Discoverer" died. May 20. 1506 (N C. W. C.) Protestants SaJ00oJaging Neighbor Policy, Charge () m Again assailing ' Mr. White says prominent Mexi- Protestant missionary :ans stress the "wide field for in Latin America, John an American Protestant declares in the issue of the Catholic Di- "Mexico offers one of the examples of how ef- Washington's good neigh- is being sabotaged by rtizing activities of the Protestant missionaries L America." who has spent 25 in South America, rite the close co- of the Mexican Govern- that of the U.S. in the since December 7, the of the Mexican people apathetic toward the not olJenly antagon- when pressed for reasons ,lanation invariably gets Protestant missionary work in the U.S." in urging that they "stay at home." They point out, he de- clares, that "les than one-fourth of the people o the U.S. are Pro- testants. He says, Mexicans "in- sist that the U.S. is more urgently in need of missionary work than is Mexico." Mr. White say/the most serious charge Mexicans "make-against the American misionaries is that they always have meddled in the country's political disturbances and frequently taken part in the revolutions." A further charge, By Carlos E. Castaneda, K.It.S. University of Texas (Written for () News Service) Despair, fear, dark forebodings doomed to continued disappoint- of impending doom, had gripped ments, as he offered his services the hearts of the weary mariners to find a new route to the East who, for more than two months, to the kings of Portugal, England, had sailed ever westward across France and Spain. But refusals uncharted seas. only strengthened his determina- In their poignant grief they cried tion to put his gigantic plan in )ut to the leader of the hopeless operation. expedition to turn back and cease Convinced lie was Right tempting the perils of the deep. With a patience that nothing With contenance serene and step could wear out, a perseverance firm, the Great Admiral paced the that was absolutely unconquer- bridge of the Santa Maria, as he able, he labored and waited for gazed upon the boundless waste of eighteen years, appealing fo minds waters, his eyes fixed upon a land that wanted light and to ears that he knew lay beyond and near. His faith unshaken, his heart steeled to human weakness, he was more confident than ever that the mom- ent when his dream would be real- ized was at hand. Calmly he promised the men that if no land were sighted in three days, the wanted hearing. With a resigna- tion which only implicit faith can give, he endured the doubts of the skeptical, the sneers of the learn- ed, the cavils of the cautious, and the indifference of the masses convinced that he was right. Never for a moment did he doubt quest would be abandoned, the practicability of a plan which The third day came. A green was derided by everybody as the twig floated past the three frail conception of a madman. Deep ships, a flock of strange birds of in his heart he was certain of the brightly-c olored feathers flew truth. The cold and dazzling light overhead, a hand-carved log rolled of his powerful mind had pene- laxily on the heaving sea, a ground trated the mysteries of space and swell became perceptible to senti- seen with the vividness of reality tire sailor's legs. Yet the sun set the promised land of his dreams. and no-land had risen above the While waiting in Portugal for horizon anxiously scanned by watchful eyes. Darkness again shrouded the sea, enveloping everything in its cold mantle. On the morrow, the Admiral would keep his word. Rare and Beautiful Varieties Only the monotony of the ground swell, splashing against the slow- sailing vessels broke the stillness he declares, is that "various Mexi- can governments have made large presents of money to Protestant churches and schools at the same time they have been persecuting the Catholic Church and confiscat- cessful accomplishment of this re- royal aid, Felipa, his wife, died. Heavy laden with sorrow, dis- couraged by repeated rebuffs, en- raged at the treachery of Don Juan II, who had surreptitiously tried to test his theory Columbus now to go to Spain to make a ersonal appeal to Ferdinand and Along the dusty road he went with resolute step, his young of the night. Suddenly a cry rang son, Diego, by his side. Weary out "A Light! and then a cannon and footsore he stopped one day shot boomed from the Pinta, as the at the massive Franciscan monast- [ookout shouted "Land HoW to an- ery of La Rabida to beg a bit of nounce the discovery of a New bread and a drink of water for his World. Friday, October 12, dawn- fainting and famished boy. The ed bright and clear to reveal to the kindly friars welcomed him. wondering eyes of the weary crews That night the dust-covered the land Columbus had set out to traveler with burning eyes and find. firm chin told the assembled con- It is difficult to appreciate today gregation of his plans and his the full significance of the suc- dreams. As he explained his scheme he grew eloquent and his bitter resentment against ions activities of the missionaries and deep of their political reed- feeling, Mr. White adds, is and more openly d in Mexico than in the America, because, he political .activities of the missionaries have been coarse in Mexi- religious operations than in the South iblics." ing its property." "The good neighbor policy can never be a success, especially in 'Mexico, until we win the friend- ship and confidence of the people, as well as of the governments," Mr. White adds. "This friendship and confidence catanot be won as long as the American missionaries re- main, because in the minds of Mexicans and other Latin Ameri- cans they are active agents for that very intervention and politlcal invasion which the good neighbor policy repudiates so completely." '.ontinued from page 1) sphere of their applica- results of this restric- been disastrous. Justice giving everyone his due. includes himself, his r and' God. How many who forget God, or who enly exclude Him.' " of Two-Fold Law rights, His Excellency weak and tottering, if man's final end is to in eternal life " the medium of this he added, "manis re- God even on this earth, faithful observance of the is for the individual Particular and for society attern of life, a sure defense." ht even say," the Papal continued, "that rights originate as the off- a two-fold law: the law and the law of God. God means supplanting something from this poor world of ours. This 'some- thing' may be matter, cosmic evo- lution, or any one of many types of modern idolatry. But if man becomes involved as a part of these materialistic systems, he will no longer be 'the image and glory of God.' tie will no longer enjoy rights and freedom as an individ- ual. He will be treated like an atom in the mass, as a being de- void of individual responsibility and governed by the law of force no longer independent, and de- markable enterpxise udertaken by Christopher Columbus four hundred and fifty years ago. No incident in the history of the world dnce the birth of Christ has had a greater influence in the course of human events. It proved the sphericity of the world; it opened the door of a new continent; it expanded beyond the limits of wildest fancy the horizon of sci- ence and natural history; it furn- ished new homes to the oppressed and overcrowded peoples of the Old World, where they could build new States and develop a higher ideal of freedom, justice and wel- :are than mankind had ever before conceived. Migrated To Portugal Born of a poor wool carder, the young Genoese took to the sea at the age of fourteen. The crowded ships that rode at anchor in the harbor of Genoa, once mis- tress of Mediterranean trade, ex- ercised a powerful lure upon the fanciful imagination of the young dreamer. From sailor folk, from the markers of charts, from stray M BREMYER Chiropractor Pathometrlc Precision Diagnosis 14 Years J|xper- lense as Grnd- uato Nurse Phone S-lOS4 SlO K. Stk Little Rock, Ark. St. Anthony's Hospital IORRILTON, ARK. OF A BAD IN A HURRY TRY S. & B. "SPRATOX" ]tst the remedy to check it and if used in time will and other troubles a cold. We are mailing day, why can't we an outfit75c complete nteed to satisfy SS & BRACY Advertisement. _ ER HART Leaders in Better SHOE REPAIRING And SHOE MAKING at moderate prices SINCE 1899 1 Phone 9725 St. Shop No. :-0716 '12th & Main prived of any personal destiny be- books that fell into his hands /end that of the mass in which he Christopher learned of the mythi- is swallowed up. This is what cal wealth of Cipango and Cathay, happens inevitably when God is of the rich trade of the East, and eliminated' from human life." of confused theories concerning :: the shape of the earth. Trained Monffort Fathers Open in his father's trade, he was much Novitiate In England more interested in the sea. After London. (E)--The Montfort Fath- a few years he migrated to Port- ers, the company of Mary, have ugal, where many of his country- opened a novitiate at Colbury, Tot- 'men went in search of employ- ton, Southampton. Ten students ment, wealth, and fame. have entered it. One day-who can tell when-the idea dawned upon him that the 225 From Parish in Service world was round and that the "Chicago. (N:)  Precious Blood East could be reached by sailing parish, one of the oldest Italian west. Tim capture of Constant- inople by the Turks had disrupted parishes in Chicago will unfurl a the old established routes to the 225-star service flag on October 11 in connection with a parish East. Prince Henry of Portugal better known as "the navigator," Holy Name rally. The servicemen led a series of explorations along in the parish represent a one- the west coast of Africa in an fourth of the membership, effort to find a new route to India China, and Japan. Columbus be- Daily Mass at Navy Pier came convinced that his own idea Chicago. (N:)Trainees in various branches of naval service around Na  pier here preach an unspoken serman by the daily Mass atten- dance in the newly-established chapel on the pier. Here every morning at 6:30 o'clock th chap- el is crowded to the doors when Father James Gaffney, chaplain whose home is in Philadelphia, of- fers the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass. STANDARD ICE COMPANY of Arkansas Little Rock No. Little Rock Cabot Brinkley Beebe Pine Bluff DeValls Bluff weary face became animated. Fray Juan Perez listened with more than passing interest and was deeply impressed by the earn- estness of the narrator and his con- tagious enthusiasm. Father Pe- rez had been confessor of the good Queen Isabella, to whom he de- cided to recommend the strange adventurer. Doomed to Further Delay Before the king's council Colum- bus, an obscure and unknown stranger, expounded his plan. With eloquence born of conviction, and enthusiasm bred by the ardor of a cherished dream, the wander- ing adventurer pleaded his case and almost convinced the sov- ereigns. But Ferdinand and Isa- bella were engaged in a struggle that had occupied the kings of Spain for the last seven hundred years. The New World would have to wait until the Saracens were driven out of Spain. The Moors of Granada had to be conquered before any new enterprise could be undertaken. A modest pension was granted, and Columbus had to wait patiently--at times im- patientlyfor several years, while the war against the Moors dragged on. Despairing of getting the promised help, the great discov- erer started for France, but once again he was sent back to the Spanish court Fray Perez. Granada had fallen in January, 1492. Spain had at last completed the reconquest. The Moorish em- pire in Spain was no more, Ferdi- nand and Isabella could now turn their attention to the plan pro- posed by the earnest stranger. Might not he find a route to the East that would enable the Cath- olic kings of Spain to attack the Moors from the rear and rescue the Holy Sepulchre from the in- fidels? Terms were agreed upon and Columbus, after eighteen 5 ears of ceaseless effort to secure the means for the execution of his daring plan set out for Palos where three ships were soon made was better. Twice he proposed ready for the epochal undertaking. his daring plan to sail west to the Significantly the king and queen learned but narrow-minded coun- of Spain gave the Great Admiral a cil of his native city. Their re- letter for the Great Kahn, inviting jection, perhaps, drove him to his cooperation in an attack upon Portugal, where he was again re-the Moors and the Turks in Pales- fused aid for the execution of a tine. scheme that seemed utterly fan- Columbus w a s s u st aine d tastic and impossible, throughout his endless tribulations A conception as daring as Co- by a deep and abiding faith. The lumbus proposed was beyond the long years of waiting and of priva- understanding of all but a very tions without end had taught him few learned men of that day. It the value of prayer and had con- was indeed*the conception of a giant mind, which only a giant will could carry out. From 1474 to 1492, the dauntless discoverer was ......... II , CHARLES M. TAYLOR Campbell, Mallory & Throgrnorton Hegarty Drug Company 4th and Main Sts. Phone 9111 Little Rock, Ark. INSURANCE OF ALL KINDS Aetna Floor Wallace Bldg. Phone 4-0225 BILL SCHMIDT AUTO-PARTS & TIRE CO. t" PARTS FOR ALL CARS " Vulcanizing - Retreading $08-10 Towson Ave. Dial 4147 Fort Smith, Ark CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS MEMORIAL Thl beautiful tomb in the old Cathedral of San Domtngb, in the capital of the Dominican Republic, is said to contain the remains of Christopher Columbus, who died in .Spain in :1506. VaUadol.i.d,! Seville, Haiti 'and Havana also have claims to harboring his remains. Below Is pictured a model of i ,The Columbus Cros gigantic lighthouse memorial which the American fiations propose to erect in Santo Domingo. iN. C. W. C.} vinced him of the strength of Di- vine Grace. When, on Friday, August 3, 1492, the Pinta, the Nina and the Santa Maria were ready for the hazardous expedition, Co- lurJbus led the crews of the three 'ships into the church at Palos and reverently received Holy Com- munion, while invoking divine protection for the success of his epoch-making enterprise. How many times during the next two months the Great Admiral knelt in prayer, as the mutinous and murmuring crews openly defied his authority and threatened to turn back, only God knows. Never 'Doubted Success Amid perils and harrowing un- certainties, his exalted faith and unyielding trust in God never for- sook him. In this deep faith and trust in divine Providence is the secret of his great courage to be found. Never, in the darkest hour did his courage quail, or his great ;oul entertain a single doubt of his ltimate success. Days passed and the three frail ships wandered farther and far- ther from known lands on their trackless course west. The appre- hension and fears of the credulous and supertitious sailors grew each 'day. This was a strange and har- rowing experience to advance steadily into the unknown. To crawl along the coast of Africa constantly in sight of land was one thing, to steer out boldly into that wilderness of waters, over which mystery and darkness brooded was another. But in the midst of scorn, through hate, rage, mutiny, cheer- ful nights, sad daysnights dark with woe, days hideous with hov- ering deaththe Great Admiral found strength in the name of Our Lord Jesus Christ. He considered himself a Christian knight, pledg- ed to defend the Catholic faith of his sovereigns and to carry the teachings of the gospel to lands unknown in order that thousands who roamed the virgin wilderness might be saved. When on that fateful Friday morning, on October 12 four hun- dred and fifty years ago, the light of day revealed the new land, Columbus reverently called it San Salvador (Waiting Island today). The marvelous and glorious con- summation of his long-cherished drefim was acknowledged in tear- ful gratitude, on bonded knee, at the foot of the Cross of Christ. As the royal standard of Castile was nfurled to the breeze, the Great Admiral and all his men knelt C. H. RICHTER Taylor & Richter Incorporated All Lines of InsuranCe Except Life Phone 4-1631 406 Louisiana Club Selects Volume By Christopher Dawson New York. (E)--"The Judgment of Nations" by Christopher Daw- son, is the September choice of the and thanked God devoutly, rising to set up a cross with arms out- stretched for the redemption of the thousands that roamed over the land. Catholic Book Club here. It is published by Shoed and Ward, this city. Florence D. Cohalan, reviewing the volume in the Book Club's Newsletter, declares "The Judg- ment of Nations'" to be an "analy- sis of the crisis that confronts us and his interpretation of the part Catholics must play in meeting it." Q: Is it true, as prohibitionists claim, that intem- perance is prevalent in our armed forces? A: Absolutely notI Secretary of War Stimson sayss "War Department regulations.. permit the sale of . . . beer and light wines .... This policy has caused a degree el temperance among Army per- sonnel which is not approachable in civil corn. munities .... " The report of the Surgeon General of the U. S. Army state's that there has been a constant decrease in alcoholism, and an increase in moderation in the Army since beer was relegalized in 1933. Q: Are the Nazis spreading false report s about our soldiers drinking in order to stir pro- hibition sentiments and create disunity ? A: Yes, they are. The Nazi short.wave radio propa- gandists are spreading false rumors about drink- ing. This was checked by a Boston rumor clinic. If beer were bad for our troops, the Nazis would never interfere with it you may be sure! Q: Is the beer industry in Arkansas cooperat- ing in regulating the sale of legal beer? A: Since 1940, the beer industry has conducted an intensive program to maintain decent, wholesome conditions wherever beer is sold. Law.violating beer retailers are cited to the proper authorities and official action taken against them. To date, the licenses of 7I beer retailers have been re- voked and license-renewals have been refused to 39 additional beer retailers upon the recommenda- tion of this committee. o BREWING INDUSTRY FOUNDATION 'J. HUGH WHARTON, $lme D/veetm. PYRAMID BUILDING LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS 1 I I . I I I