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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
October 9, 1942     Arkansas Catholic
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October 9, 1942

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, OCTOBER 9, 1942 '' :i THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY Of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas 3091/s WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21. 1911, at the post office lit Little Rock, Arkansas, under the Act of Congress of March 8, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 the year OFFICIAL DwOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock and I pray God that it may be an earnest champion of the cause of right, Justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religion we all love so well. I extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its career may be long and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS. Bishop of Little Reek. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. D. J BUSINESS MANAGER All communtcation about The Guardian must be handled through the Business Manager, and all matters intended for publication should reach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST Bosh, ess and Editorial Office, 809 West 2nd. Telephone 6486 SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture ServlcKnigits of Columbus of Arkansas Paragould Council, No. 1713 .......................... $12.0"0 Little Rock Council, No. 812 ........ . .............. 22.00 Pocahontas Council No. 2443 ............................... 17.00 OCTOBER 9, 1942 "It by liberty ot the press; we understand merely the liberty of discussing the propriety ot public measures and political opinions, let us have as much ot it as you please; but if it means the liberty ot af- tronting, calumniating and detaining one another, I own myself willing to part, with my share of it when- ever our legislators shall please to alter the law; and shall cheertully consent to exchange my liberty ot abusing others for the privilege of not being abused myselt."--Franklin. THE ROSARY October, the month of the Rosary, has just begun. As every Catholic knows, this month is dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary and in particular to the recitation of her Rosary. This prgyer is the most popular prayer in the Church and there was never a time in the history of the world, since the Rosary was first given to us, that its daily recitation should be more practiced. The Rosary has alw.ays been a powerful weapon against Satan and his cohorts who go about the world seeking the destruction of immortal souls. It has always been a great fac- tor in obtaining favors and graces from the heavenly throne. Through its recitation the faithful have been inspired to heroic deeds for the kingdom of Christ, and the enemies of the Church have stood awec! and baffled by its power. In these days of confusion and bitter bloodshed it be- comes manifest to every Christian that we must bring, God and the things of God into the picture and into the limelight. God has been left out too long and the sad and disastrous results from this neglect of God are evident to every serious minded person. Let us return to God through love for His Mother Mary and let us appeal to Mary through this great weapon of love which she has given us, the Rosary. The story of the love of God for Us is brought vividly to mind when we recite the Rosary. The sacred mysteries said at each decade permit us to follow Him from the moment of His Incarnation through the days of His infancy and Childhood and through those awful hours when He sacrificed His life for us. We do not stop here but we rejoice with Him in His Resur- rection, the +crowning mystery of our religion, and we go to the very throne of God in contemplation of the mystery of the Ascension and the crowning of the Blessed Mother as Queen of the Heavenly Court. Who can say this Rosary daily and meditate upon these sacred truths without knowing God better and loving Him more fervently. When we have learned to know God better and when we love Him more deeply the influence of this knowl- edge and love goes beyond our own person and influences others. The Rosary is the prayer of prayers of the moment, is the prayer which is needed, is a prayer which should lead the way back to God. --The Messenger WHAT IS DEMOCRACY? In the light of Thomistic principles, clearly expounded in the studies of Father Farrell, O.P., and Mortimer Adler, it is possible to see how the three great democratic doctrines of modern times are mutually complementary. Three different elements make up democracy. First. The rights of the government must be derived from the people. The source of power must be popular sovereignty. The State must be an expression of a natural society entirely in- I dependent of other social groups and free to decide its own destiny. Popular sovereignty is not based on racial similitude in nature but is much more complex. The development in his- tory of a free consent to live together has built up practically all nations. The powers of the rulers must be derived by right, by law, and not by force, guile or aizeident. A written or unwritten constitution, which cannot be changed arbitrarily by some particular ruler, must protect the freedom of the individual. American democracy has expressed both previous con- sideration in its slogan: "government of the people." The French, having already enjoyed national independence for many centuries, emphasized personal liberty and individual freedom. Sec9ndly, the government must be exeregsed with the parti, " i:pation of the people. .... ,. All men who have not lost their human powers and dig- nities by insanity or as a result of the commission of a grave crime must be permitted to take part in the social development (a) by exercising a collective responsibility in voting, and (b) by personal responsibility, if elected or appointed to public office. In lhis participation of the people in government, discrim- inations based on accidental circumstances of class, race or wealth, or for other reasons, such as religious belief, must be made impossible. This is expressed by the American slogan, "government by the people." which is adapted in Sun Yat- sen's second principle, "democracy by the people," and ex- pressed more vaguely in the egalite slogan of the French Revolu- tion. The political powers must be directed to one air: the com- mon good of the people. 'This is based on the notion that the soul of man is above the State and its totality much richer than the total sum of values that make up social life. Instead of regarding man made for the State, after the manner of totalitarianism, the democracies must develop the State in the service of man; (a) by creating for him favorable material conditions of life and physical security and order, and (b) by favoring intellectual and moral education. --The Witness CONTROVERSY OVER MODELS FOR STATUTE OF CHRIST "Bad artistically and religiously .... " "Interesting, meritorious and inspired..." There, in a nutshell, is the controversy that has flared from the selection by a jury of sculptors and architects of three mod- els of a statute of Christ as the Light of the World which are to remain in competition for the statute of Christ designed for the facade of the new headquarters building of the National Catholic Welfare Conference in Washington, D. C. Secular press comment has been favorable to the three selec- submitted for the final competition were Suzanne Nicolas of New York, Robert C. Koepnick of Dayton +and George Kratina of Brooklyn. Christ As Lawgiver Miss Nicolas depicted Christ as a lawgiver while Mr. Keep- nick showed Him preaching. Mr. Kratina's statute was smy- belie and attempted to show Christ on high emerging from the clouds. Secular press comment has been favorable to the three selec- tions. Prominent Catholic clergymen, however, have been sharply critical. Among those who condemned the selections were the Rev. Dr. John Keating Cartwright, pastor of Imma- culate Conception parish; the Very Rev. Ignatius Smith, O.P., of Catholic university, and the Very Rev. Edmund A. Walsh, S,J., vice-president of Georgetown university, all of Washing- ton, D. C. Their comments contain such acid expressions as: "We are threatened with three bad eases of Epstein." "The imagination of the artists must have suffered from a convulsion produced by the war." "I simply shuddered when i saw them." "Modernism" Scored The surviving models also have been attacked on the basis of their "modern" art, as "lacking in devotion and inspiration, and as not i'measuring up" to conceptions which the critics had of what a+ representation of Christ, the Light of the World, should be. One Catholic observer must have had the thought sug- gested by the word '.'tantalize" in mind when he said of the final models: "One looks emaciated; another looks like an aviator ready to take off, and it is impossible to make anything out of the third model." Liberty Allowed Miss Genauer quotes Mauriee Lavanoux, secretary of the Liturgical Arts society, which is conducting the competition, as saying "the important thing for artists to realize is that within the limitations of appropriateness and decency, the Church al- lows a great deal of liberty to the artists," and that "when the artist admits that ecclesiastical authorities have a right to ex- pect thd best and when the authorities in turn, admit that the artist is worthy of his hire and that talent must be adequately compensated, then we will be on the right road." The World-Telegram writer asserts that this offers hope that the " 'art' that has made many interiors ugly enough to make the angels as well as the art critics cry" is "on the way out." The Catholic Universe Bulletin. tI I.  . .1 Catholic Information Society2 t..alnollc 00_.,olaence P.o. Box 35 Narberth, Pa. Knights blazoned with the service of the of Columbus K. of C.--heroic service for every girded for battle! man of every creed--in the en- In 1492 Christopher Columbus campments at home and over sea-- the herculean after-war task for sailed forth to battle the vast un- known stretches of the ocean--to the ex-service men, sick, injured, find a shorter route to India. His jobless, penniless. marines were Franciscan monks This is indelible history; and yet within the decade of the signing whose purpose it was to war against sin and ignorance--to con- of the Armistice, these great work- vert Pagans to Christianity. ers for God and country were at- tacked venomously and absurdly In 1882 a handful of Catholics by the bigots and unscrupulous met in New Haven, Conn., to form politicians, with the publishing and a fraternal society for American preaching of a false oath against Catholic men. Little wonder that our country and our neighbors of they named their infant orgar/iza- other creeds. tion after a zealous Catholic and The Knights of Cblumbus have our first great American. published their pledge. Today it "Knights of Columbus"! Today is as open and' as patriotic as their there are more than 600,000 of war record. But history repeats them with Councils in every state itself, and come a time there of the Union and throughout doubtless will, when the same old most the other Americas. Fight- accusations will be dug from their ins Knights? Yes, Waging the graves. Bigots and falsifiers will war of the jdbless, the hungry, again be believed. But the Knights the naked, the homeless. Fighting of Columbus will continue in their ever for a greater knowledge of patriotic, humane and religious God and devotion to the Faith. work. And Catholics in general, Battling for charity, education, un- and many of our own non-Catholic derstanding and tolerance, with neighbors, will smile, we believe, unalloyed devotion to the land thatbecause we have the facts and,-- gave them birth, thank God--a sense of the ridic- The World War records are era- ulous. Q UES T!ON B OX Notice--it is important that all questions be signed with the sender'# name and COMPLETE address (not initials): otherwise the questions will not be answered. No names are ever published. Questions which ask for private answer must be accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelope. We invite only honest and worthwhile questions. Whatls TheMeaning OflheExpression "The Last Seven Words Of Christ? They are the seven last words or more accurately seven sentences spoken by Christ as He hung on the Cross. The first word, "'ather, forgive them for they know not what they do" was spoken after they nailed Him to the Cross. The second was addressed to the penitent thief, "Amen, I say to thee, this day thou shalt be with me in Para- dise." "Woman, behold thy son. Behold thy Mother," the third word, He addressed to the Blessed Virgin and St. John. Overcome by an agony of loneliness, He cried out the fourth word, "My God My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?" Parched with + thirst, He spoke His fifth word, "I thirst," whereupon a soldier handed Itim a sponge soaked in vinegar. The sixth word, "It is consummated," Ite uttered when every prophesy which had been foretold to Him had been fulfilled. "Father into Thy hands I commend My Spirit." was His seventh and last word. The devotion of the Three Hours, observed from midday on Good Friday, commemorates these words of Christ. Please give an exact definition of a martyr? A martyr is one who lays down his life for the faith or for some Christian virtue. If a sick person is given the Last Blessing with the plenary indulgence and afterwards recov- ers, has he gained the plenary in- dulgence just the same? No. The plenary indulgence ac- companying the Last Blessing is for the moment of death. If the sick person recovers, the indulg- ence has not been gained but the grant still holds. When that per- son's last hour really comes, the indulgence will still be available by virtue of that grant. Of course the in'dulgence cannot be gained unless the person is at that moment truly contrite. Will you please inform me what distraction is? How far does it render prayer ineffective? Distraction is defined as a draw- ing away of the mind from one point or course to another or others. It hardly need be noted that the idea of mental prayer and mind-wandering are destructive of each other. So far as vocal pray- er is concerned the want of actual interior attention, if voluntary, will take from its perfection and be morally reprehensible. Dis- tractions, however, according to tim commonly accepted teaching do not rob prayer of its essential character. To be sure one must have had the intention to pray and therefore in the beginning some formal advertence; other- wise a man would not know whaL he was doing and his prayer would not be described even as a human act. So long, however, as nothing is done outwardly which would be incompatible with any degree whatever of attention to the func- tion of prayer, the lack of explicit mental application does not, so to speak, invalidate prayer. In other words, it keeps its substantial val- ue as prayer, although of course, when the dissipation of thought is wilful our addresses to the throne of mercy lose a great deal in el+ ficacy and acceptability. Volun- tary distractions, that is, the con- scious deliberate surrender of the mind to thoughts foreign to prayer are sinful because of obvious ir- reverence for God with Whom at such times we are presuming to hold intercourse. The guilt, how- ever, is judged to be venial. Dis- tractions, however, should be avoided as far as possible when we pray. We pray more effective- ly and piously when we keep our minds on what we are doing and saying, The other day a discussion arose on religious bigotry in this coun- try. In the course of the conver- sation one of the parties said that a hostile attitude was shown to Catholics even by Washingtou. Is this true? This is not true. Washington was the same broad-minded and noble-spirited man in religious matters as he proved himself to be in civil and military affairs. Like numerous other fair-minded non-Catholics he was not for- getful of the uncompromising loy- alty of Catholics during tim trying days of the Revolution, and, there- fore, he was deeply grieved at the religious persecution to which they were subjected in every colony. While in command of the troops before Boston, he censored as rid- iculous and childish the New Eng- land custom of burning the Pope in effigy every fifth of November. Then, again, after his election to + the Presidency of the country, his reply to the congratulations of the leading Roman Catholic clergy and laity gives clear proof of his friendly attitude toward the Church and her members. He wrote: "As mankind becomes more liberal, they will be more apt to allow that all those who conduct themselves as worthy members of the community are equally en- titled to the protection of civil government. I hope ever to see America the foremost nation in example of justice and liberality. .And I presume that your fellow- citizens will not in the accom- plishment of their Revolution and in the establishment of their gov- ernment and of the important assistance that they receiveq from a nation (referring to Frande and General Lafayette) in which the Roman Catholic faith is professed." How fie we know that the Bless- ed Virgin was crowned in Heaven? While the Church has never de- clared the Coronation of Our Bless- ed Lady an article of faith, it has from the most ancient times been the constant belief in the Church. This belief the Church has not only tolerated but encouraged espec- ially in her liturgy. Holy Scrip- ture itself indicates Her corona- tion. In all the twelfth chapter of St. John's Apocalypse we read the following: "A great sign ap- peared in Heaven: A woman cloth- ed with the sun, the moon under her feet and on her head a crown of 12 stars." But apart from the Sacred Writ there are several rea- sons that strengthen our belief: The position she holds in the creation as the Mother of God, the honor due to her Divine Motherhood, the unparalleled spir- itual blessings that are hers, the assumption or the taking of her tmcorrupt body irito Heaven. All this, we believe, must find in Hea- ven some outward expression and reward. We can conceive of none more becoming than that she, the fairest of God's creatures, be made their queen. Is a priest obliged to say Mass every day? No; not any more than a lay person is obliged to receive Holy Communion every day. TRANGE_ BUT +eu E tSff00k;-o,;; F..,. L; .Th00i,i;  I. MUR.Av, RUVCi[ Catholic Comml of the South by Rev. Anthony C. S. Sp. (General Diocesan Importance of Farming Industry Not only is farming a portant industry in itself ether industries depend for supplies. Spinning, and other industries farming for their wool. T and other factories depend ly on farm animals for tan and make into leather Sugar mills would close if it not for sugar beets and sugar Flour mills could not run wheat and other grains. seed, soybeans, peanuts and keep vegetables-oil mills and the residue from and other refineries supply a stockfeed industry. The livestock industry imployment to men great packing plants and houses. All meat animals, ins poultry are handled industry. The use of United States is about every year for every population by the 1935 was slightly over 127 ple. That would mean 17 billion pounds of meat be grown by farmers. billions of it was trans trucks and railroads to the ins plants, and after cooling and processing, the was distributed to retail ll Thousands of dealers this meat over the counter tomers. Parts of the animal fit for human food are into fertilizer and sold farmers, The skins are tanneries, where another converts them into still other industries tanned leather into shoes, harness, and many made from leather. Fully as important for food supply and in the ment of" people is the dairY try. Many people are to process milk in its for market. First there dreds of milk-g which employ thousands pasteurize, bottle, and milk and cream every cess milk is made into cheese, and other soft powdered milk, and some verted into commercial which is manufactured useful articles; as for combs. There are cheese factories, cream plants, condensed porated milk factories. portation of all this facture, distribution furnish employment to The poultry industry gives employment in the of eggs, testing, shipping killing, picking and employment to a great people. ' Fruits and farm give sands. Packing, cold storage, drying, canning, storing industries. Cotton is to industry in the of cloth and clothing. let industries depend on Our corn crop is used starch, corn sugar, salad oil, and other Starch that was formerly laundry purposes is now making fireworks, asbestos, coal bri window shades veneer, glue, similar articles that ins substance. The sugar-cane makes the board and Cornstalks are per. The hulls of" oat the short cotton fibers ers that are attached seeds after ginning, as milk casein, are found plactic materials for pens, combs, buttons, backs, and the like. During the great 1932 and 1933 when closed and thousands were thrown out of good example of owes to agriculture ture to industry. years the farmers food to sell but the money to buy. Then strange condition in were starving in a Farmers produced plies of grain, to be sold to the flour ing plants and cotton as these were closed had no place to sell. way the money use could have been mills and factories their workers em ers could ucts, the workers money to buy food ers would have had machinery and other ed products. But we were not wise how to do it. Agriculture is still dustry of the world and upon which m, have their origin .... they depend. :i