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October 9, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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October 9, 1920

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I f i!: i'.f l } L 7. !, i .,/ 'v PAGE SIX RAISING MILLIONS .TO AID ACTIVITIES Hierarchy to Appeal for Fund, in Be- half of Educational and Charit- able Enterprises. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Washington, D. C., Oct. 4.--Appeals made to Catholics of the Units@ States in the last six months in behalf of educational, charitable and welfare enterprises have aggregated about $30,000,000, and indicate the spirit of progressive activity now animating the Church in this country. This too tal does not include sums raised or sought for the erection of new or the repair of old churches. Millions for Education. Most of the fund which it was con- templated 'gathering were intended for Catholic education--primary, sec- ondary and higher. The total of the budgets prepared for this purpose was more than $23,000,000 Charitable in- stitutions -- hospitals, orphanages, homes for the aged and the like--- were to be the beneficiaries of some $2,700,000 of the aggregate. Welfare work, such as clubs for men and wom- en, community houses, civic better- ment, etc., was to-receive something more than $500900. The remainder was to go to miscellaneous activities under Catholic auspices. Gathering of Funds. The largest amounts to be gathered were the "Archbishop Ireland Educa- tional Fund of $5,000,000" in the Archdiocese of St. Paul; $4,000,000 for the endowment of the Seminary of the Detroit diocese; $8,000,000 for the Catholic University (including a semi- nary), which Most Rev. Archbishop Mundeleba has planned for Chicago; $3,000,000 for St. Louis University, .and $2,000,000 for the Cathedral, grade school and nurses' home in Du- luth. Most Rev. Archbishop Hayes is making provision for an annual in- come of at least $500,000 to suppm Catholic charities in New York. $30,000j000 In All. Not all of this great total of $30,- 000,000 was to be obtained at once, but a considerable part of it was for immediate use, and was subscribed within short periods. In many in- stances the sums named in thg ap- peals were greatly exceeded. Definite fgures are not available as to the amounts raised in the last six months for the building and repairing of churches, but the total is believed to be several millions of dollm's. To Survey for Appeal. In view of the generous response of American Catholics to the calls made upon them in the name of their reli, glen, the decision of the Archbishops and Bishops to consider a survey for an appeal for the support of the No-: tional Catholic Welfare Council as- sumes addition,tl interest. At their recent meeting in Washington the Bishops authorized the Administra- tive Committee of the National Cath- olic Welfare Council to prepare a sur- vey for an appeal to the Catholics of the country for an endowment fund. Until this survey has been made it will not be known what amount it is proposed to raise for the Council, as- suming that the Bishops approve the survey. Council's Endowment Fund. It is the intention of the Hierarchy to continue the Welfare Council's sev- eral' activitiesthe departments of education, laws and leglslatiSn, social action, lay ,organizations and press and publicityand to bear the ex- pense of these for the next ye`ar. The survey is to be made with a view of 15rovidtng thereafter for the Council's permanent endowment. In the event the survey and recom- mendations submitted to the Bishops are approved by them, the lay organ  izations affiliated with the National - Welfare Council will conduct the work of solicitation under the supervision and constant direction of the Hier- axchy. CARDINAL AMETTE'S DEVOTION TO ROSARY' (By N. C. W. C, News Service.) Paris, Oct/5,--In a letter address- ed to the people of Paris on the 0cca- sion of Cardinal Amette's death, Mgr. RolanI G0sselin, Auxiliary Bishop of Paris, reports that despite his taxing amdunt of work the late Cardinal nev- er failed to recite, every day, a full rosary. He usually made use of big wooden beads given to him by his sis- ter, a Dominican nun. 'The Cardinal was also strongly de- voted to the Third Order of St. Dom- inic. The sash of this Society was in his coffin, placed round his body which had been dressed in full pontifical gar- ments. " FATHER KELLY'S SUCCESSOR. (By N. C.W.C. News Service.) ,.Cleve|and, 0., Oct. 5.The Rev. John W. Inzer, pastor of the First Baptist Church of Chattanooga, has been elected natidnal chaplain of the American Legion to succeed the Rev. Francis Kelly,  Remedies for prejudice invariably faiL v THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1920. ocle g 8 POPE. BENEDICT tion of faith or nationality, and not SPEAKS TO KNIGHTS. only from simple citizens but from On the Occasion of Their Visit to the VaticanIt Constitutes the Longest Address Delivered by the Pope to Americans. "Reason of sweet comfort and occa- sion of glad hope is our lot today in receiv!ng into our presence so numer- ous and select a representation of the Association of the Knights of Colum- bus of the United States of America, come here to pay homage, through our humble person, to the glorious dig- nity with which we are cl0thed, of the Vicar of Christ on earth. "It is always inde'ed a pleasure to see our children round us, but it is a very special source of happiness to have in front of us today the repre- sentatives of that noble Society which we know has already" acquired such merit before the Catholic religion and its great country America. The Holy Father Celebrating Mass "We are well aware of all that tm Knights of Columbus have done f'o many years past in the different field f human activity. Who is there wh, does not know of the great help the: ave to the Catholic University o ashington, ;founding there numerou ourses of study for young men ? An :ertainly we cannot but repeat th, well deserved praise which our pro lecessor of venerated memory bestow ed on that initiative as bein, bo.h appearance and in fact well deserv- ing of religion and of true clture. Efficacious Helpers. "Further, we remember the unfail- ing help that the Knights of Colum- bus give both to Bishops and parish priests for the carrying out of their pastoral ministry. It is this great help which often makes possible works Of beffeficence, and surely it can -be said that the name of the efficaci- ous helpers should be written in tle book of etern'al/life by the side of the foundeTs of the works of beneficence they gupported. "Nor can we possibly p.ass over in silence the provident and charitable activity of the Knights of Columbus during the recent war, not only in the Governments too. And shall not what they have said find echo from us who, while we could not arrest the awful scourge, set before ourself the noble purpose of at least mitigating its con- sequences ? Consoling Fruits. ,"These abundantly consoling fruits of the work of the Order of the Knights of Columbus are attributed, above all, in our opinion, to the inti- mately religious spirit which inspires the Order and causes in every one of its members that clear-cut, open and entire profession and practice of the Catholic religion which does so much to make the individual morally honor- able and socially useful. And that is why the Knights of Columbus, be- sides being a magnificent example to their brethren in the faith, are also the best of citizens. Truly they de- serve to be honored with the name of 'knights,' a name which in the Mid- for the K. ofC. Pilgrims on the Lourdes Altar in ae Ages was the aalln.,arkof an n. titution among whose aims were re ;pect for and defence of the Churcl are and love for the weak and tl: oor. Specially significant and hone] .ble  for you too, beloved children, i he name of that great pioneer of ci lization and apostle o faith, our fe ow citizen Christopher Columbus wh ved to call himself and write his lf down as 'Columbus, bearer c Christ,' 'Columbus Christum ferens.' Fertile Field. "Readily we recognize that a field as vast as it is fertile is open for your work in the great American Republic whose boast is to have based its pub- lic Order on the fullest liberty and mutual respect. Such conditions must necessarily favor the life of your in- stitution, but it is through your spirit of initiative and fruitful activity that it has developed. And therefore we have all reason to hope that the Kights of Columbus will extend and intensify to even greater good their work, maintaining it--as there is no reason o doubtin due reverence and sincere attachment towards the Epis- copate, which on its side has always shown its sympathy for every under- United States but in all the coun-]taking fruitful of good. tries affiictd by the terrible calamity I "We are sure too that the Knights the .memory of Which is-. still vivid. ]of Columbus will never depart from That activity gained the praise, and lthat wise line of conduct which they admiration, not only of Catholics, but]have always followed hitherto, of not of all of good. heart without distinc-l identifying their program with any ARCHBISHOP MANNIX TALKS.'TO ENGLISH ON ]msn. Desires Peace Between Two Countries On a Just Basis. / (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) (Cable delayed for confirmation.) London, Sept. 28.  Archbishop Manni made his first public pro- nouncement since his enforced arrival in England at a great reception given in his honor in the Canon Street Hotel by the Bishops and clergy of the dio- ceses of Westminster, Southwark, Portsmouth and Brentwood. ' Three hundred and fifty members of the clergy were present and applauded the venerable prelate when he declar- ed that if England were sincere in her wish to do justice to ireland and to retain Ireland within the empire, she should immediately withdraw her army of occupation. Not an Agitator. Archbishop Mannix emphasized the act. that he was not talking as an er of dissension, but that he desires peace between England and Ireland. England Should Be Consistent. "Assuming England were sincere and wished to retain Ireland within the empire," said the Archbishop, "then England should immediately withdraw the army of occupation and give Ireland the fullest dominion home rule. I Ireland were not then satisfied and desired a republic, Eng- land, to be consistent, would have to agree to it. In that event, England might hope that Ireland would be a friend in any just cause where the mutual interests of the two" countrs were threatened." Monsignor Cotter, Bishop of Ports- mouth, was chairman of the reception. A letter of apology for his absence was received from Cardinal Bourne, who is not in thecountry at present. THE PRODIGAL. As a rule the prodigal has to go on eating husks until he learns how to do something worth while. It takes mis- fortune to make many people come to themselves. How much easier the les- son would be if learned at home in the formative years when the child is Irishman and that he had no message to Ireland from England. He declared  building the character of the man or that te was not an agitator or breed- woman. other program of political character. Indeed we believe that there lies the secret of the sympathy that they have gained on all sides and which has as- sured their magnificent success in ev- ery field of action. "An old principle teaches that good spreads itself, and it is not surprising therefore that, while still doing so much fruitful work in their beloved country, the Knights of Columbus have thought of extending their ac- tion to Italy too, and in special man- ner to this city of Rome, dear above all cities to our heart. Patrimony Stolen. "We welcome you, Knights of Co- lumbus, to the Holy City. For indeed, here under our very eyes, a shameful propaganda is trying to rob our chil- dren nearest to us of the most pre- cious heritage left them by their fore- CITIZENSHIP COLUMN Rights and Duties of American Citi- zenship Explained. A Chapter Every Week. .(Note: The following lessons from the "CIVICS CATECHISM," released by the N. C. W. C. Committee on Civic Education, offer an excellent op- portunity to our readers to inform themselves on the principles underly- ing our American Government. These lessons comprise a short course in civics for use in our elementary schools, academies, men and women's clubs, in community Americanization work, and in the study of citizenship generally.. The course should prove of special interest to our women read- ers who have come into the right of fathersthe Catholic faith. There is suffrage. Clip each week's questions a very network of endeavor to that and answers and build up a scrap shameful end. They are trying to at- book of the entire series. Study these tract our young men who are so in- clined to the pleasures of sport into associations which, while they give fa- cilities for satisfying that inclination, tend to make insidious attack in the hearts of the young men on the sacred treasure of Catholic principles. They relieve material distress and at the the Vatican Gardens. same moment steal a patrimony of in- estimable value, the patrimony of the faith. You, noble Knights of Colum- bus, are not ignorant of the work of propaganda of which we speak, and we gloryjn the hope that, in conform- ity with the aims of your Association, you will set your good propaganda here in Rome too against the wicked propaganda which to our sorrow we see so widely spread in this dear city. Blesses the Knights. "This is another field of compe- ties opening before you. May the struggle bring you as much merit as it brings us hope. "But, that our hope may not be brought to naught and that your merits may be copious, we turn to Him who holds in His hands the hearts of men and we pray Him to give strength and comfort to the As- sociation of the Knights of Columbus in their noble work. May the Lord bless the Supreme Knight of the de: serving Association, and may He blbss every Knight belonging to it. May the blessing of the Lord strengthen concord among them, co-0rdinate and multiply the. efforts of good will com- mon to all. And pledge of these fhings so much to be desired be the Apos- tolic Benediction which we impart from our heart repeating to you once more how great reason of sweet com- fort and occasion of glad hope is your  presence here today." RABBI PAYS TRIBUTE TO THE HOLY FATHER (By N. C. W. C. News SerVice.) ,Paris, Oct. 5.:--A Syrian colony which, some three years ago, took ref- uge in Corsica in order to escape mas- sacre, has just started on its way to Beyrouth. Before departing, the Grand ,Rabbi, Solomon Ben Samour, delivered a thanksgiving adreSs. He recalled that the first heip granted him upon his arrival in Corsica had come from a Catholic priest, who said to him: "In the nane of Pope Benedict XV, who desires the Catholic clergy to do their best in order to help the victims of war, I place myself at your disposal for all service I may be to you." The Grand Rabbi declared: "As a minister of the Hebrew faith, I beg to express my gratitude to the august Chief of Christendom, who, during the war, has relieved s.o much suffering b_ his favorable interventions 'on behalf of the wounded, the sick, the missing, and the condemned." In devotion to the Sacred Heart we find the grace of holiness, for, said Blessed Margaret Mary, "nothing is better calculated to raise the soul in a very short time to the loftiest de- gree of holiness." lessons and learn more about our glorious America.)  CHAPTER I. American Democracy. (To be changed weekly.) LESSON 1. 1. Q. In what country do you live? A. In the United States of America. 2. Q. When was America discov- ered A. In 1492. 3. Q. Who discovered America? A. Christopher Columbus, an Ital- ian who sailed under the Spanish flag. 4. Q. Why did tle ships of Colum- bus fly the Spanish flag? A. Because of all the monarchs of Europe, the rulers of Spain, Ferdin- and and Isabella, were the only ones willing to suply him with the means for his voyage of discovery. 5. Q. How did this country receive the name of America? A. From-the name of Americus Vespucius, an Italian who sailed to the New World, shortly after its dis- covery by Columbus. 6. Q. By whom was America set- tled? A. By people from Spain, France, England, Ireland, Holland and Swed: en. 7. Q. Why did these colonists come to America? A. For many reason. Some came to seek goldand precious stones, some to have the right of free speech, some to have the freedom of religious wor- ship, some to escape the harsh laws of their own country, others to build up a country where the people might rule. 8. Q. What European country finally gained control over all the Colonies along the Atlantic Coast? A. England finally ruled the thir- teen American Colonies. 9. Q. Why did .England lose control ?f the Colonies7 A. Because of unjust taxation which caused the Colonists to revolt in 1775. 10. Q. What famous document' was Signed July 4, 17767 A. The Declaration of Independence written by Thomas Jefferson and signed by representatives of all of the Colonies, declared the Colonies to be ffree and independent States. LESSON 2. 1. Q. What great Americans helped America to secure her independence? A: Samuel Adams, Patrick Henry, John Hancock, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, Charles Carroll of Carl"elites, John Adams, and George Washington. 2. Q, What noted foreigners helped America in its fight for independence? A. Lafayette from France, Kosci- usage and Pulaski from Poland, Baron Steuben from Prussia, DeKalb from Bavaria, and Barry, Moylan, Mont- gomery and others from Ireland. 3. Q. In what year did England ac knowledge America to be free and in- dependent ? A. In 1783. 4. Q. What great event took place after the gaining of independence? A. The Constitution of the United States was adopted in 1789. 5. Q. What is the Constitution of the United States? : A. The Constitution of the United States is that written document which directs and keeps in check those offi- cials who exercise the powers of ad- ministering the national government. It is the fundamental/Jaw under which the country is governed. 6. Q. On what principle does the Constitution rest? A. On the prihciple that there are certain rights that belong to every man, and which no authority on has a right to take away. 7. Q. What body under the Consti- tution was given the duty of preserv- ing and interpreting these laws? " A. The Supreme Court of th Unit- ed States. 8. Q. What effect did the Constitu- tion have upon the thirteen States7 A. The Constitution bound together the thirteen States into a single na tion which is now the United States vf America. 9. Q. What effect did. the indepen- dence of America have upon other countries? A. The success of.Amerlca brouh to the peoples of Europe a desire for liberty. Many repubhes  lave since Latest Cab'e Cardinal, Dubois Succeei Cardinal Amefl (By N. C. Wews Paris, Oct. 4.--The ap[ Cardinal Dubois, Archbi en, to succeed the late C ette as Archbishop of P agreement with the Fre] ment. The selection of Cardi regarded as most happy. ing of Cardinal Amette pi only the question of provii of the largest dioceses and of choosing one who of his position, would l leade? of a great hierai selecting a man upon whO volve the task of bringi termination an extremely de,taking, namely, the cordial relations between: Government and the Holl F i| i/e ., ys and Girls: hd is the festiva gels and I feel s ' my young fri Ully many dange 'guardian angel ould remember gels are always 'or us while we fist us while we a !itly I trust tha r of our page ms3 e guardian angel , and never choose 0 might insult th d or act, for evil all that this renewal im] hn's agents. the Church in France :dear boys and g Catholic missions. ][dren of Mary az i  raade bedutiful Dublin Cablei0f Baptism and y (By N. C. W. C. News!uls beautiful if Dublin, Oct. 4. Cath0!ir'eceive holy Cot ing great efforts for thep confession reguh the thousands left homg/ i'.:company. Duri incendiary/efforts of tle ober say at least tory. Nearly all the victi osary every morz olics, lie evening and sa Ardhbishop Harty, dis (gel: situation, declares that tb lot thy children av unteers are the backboneJ hfend them, try and the mainstay of:lour Father, thy der. He says that the p:e of priests and people vi!ly serve Him, v]bul:ionist journal in :av::tHAmgell unitJ Ireland publishes an inte high military personagei--.:hear or see an e ens that the present dead l  0ace: ' " will be extended, and ths st, dearest Mot[ life will be treated the  ffUl children save, other man's. .0vn on us'with pi' The British Chief ecr Y. protection crave 1 land has shocked Catholl e short ejaculat arguing that the so-calledi tY them frequenl murder and town-burni$ iia a Hail Mary i " CONCHt fiabte " self-defense. , ;. Foley Y ;:: Bishop pr position extremel o." Smith, Sept. 18, can foresee the Conseqa,sa:. hunger-striking prisoner!:I woflld write an to die in jail. He exhorl..i:C. F. C. button to pray fervently to Gqd.,/is a very beaut His power, and they dlli:Wearing it. I al they want as sur s.'tetters about yc " :.been a rlice one. Heaven.__S !t:'!yuO'-0-MEt' a little ab THOUSAND ii:'.We live about fi QUIT WORK TO IIlth and my lath, FOR hYi00G-L0t0000 own 0sly one :------ :.:l-- :i' [eh we have the (By N. C. W. C. Ne.!ld a little gar& Dublin, Oct. 5.--Day bEa_little long I sha has had the spectacle s Sincerely, "downing tools" to a  Irene Ez the Lord Mayor of Cork C er prisoners. To the' HISM. 000 the employees cO:t ',:,ildrch (cofltmued,,_. :" " Brewery, the largest f..e..v,isible head kind in the world msJl':" i' .' tory order to the parisllther the pope, t I ,:uc;:::o on 6,000htramway e,.!n.visibIe head similar intercession,' ,#":ilL-, tle trams of the city 't.O.'is is the.invisf the men made their apP: ' Marching t0 .,::\\;op'e called the The hands in the b./ii ' ', :, have done likewise. Id.le//holds Christ's p tiffed that the countrY!S.,tn upbn earth. travail. Batches of mej alled the succ seen in the streets dail"l:(,IB mass. "A has inherited The story cabled to Peter, who wa ,States that the  .and" the first being massaged has been. flatly :'.thd Pope, are doctors. Medical  Church ? ceased, one .may say have recei beyond human a dioces alive. At the boy pris0ner, John still under successors of tl tervals of charged small corner of spiritual sections, and creeds under the s ing, the inhuman lug this catastrophe, given to tho 'Archbishop not priesls beefi profoundly td Cork jail. He laymen o heroes suffering freedom of their blessed their BIBLE. prayers will be 16-19. fort under the cr0SS you, hem placed on you." you, c despiseth been established ent me. rulers have been r etur 10. Q.f What the de was established bY .n tl/name. A. A them: I sa from 1 that is, a rep rule.  gven you ] and s, Note--In the of thirteen States hurt hies after Britain l.light.. donee in 1783, in 1787 became forty y (Next week's his "The leeds..of the ms: k / . be t Andome man sre:, amble. . : to M . . , L/ . i'