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Arkansas Catholic
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October 9, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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October 9, 1920

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0000Persons of Note i Comm cati, s ' Books of lnterest uni, ion t i i t t' e I I I i|i ii III ic priest rds tlle ,'s the sp the' priel of the Ol g baptis 1 sm that unless we] 'Cardinal Dubois. appointed Archbishop of succeed the late Cardinal I'ae new Cardinal Archbish- at present Archbishop of born in St. Calais, in 1856. Meredith Nicholson g a Catholic adds one more Lxy of converts among lit- The author of "The House .mlSand Candles has, in the a correspondent of "The ;Columbian," lighted his own 'Father of the Association'--when he thanked him in the name of the American Hierarchy for his persever- ing labor in promoting the cause that is nearest to the heart of every Bish- op in the:country--the education in faith and morals and secular branches of the lambs of the flock of Christ." Th educational work conducted by the Church in the United States is on a plane of high quality. Criticisms that were rife when the Educational Association was projected by a group of nine Catholic educators in July, llot recei tthe house of the Lord. This 1904, at St. Louis University, are no fltch of his life" longer heard, and Catholic schools and -  Ni-h-1 ....  In,ti--a-oTis educational institutions bf all grades it88ia _ Hoosier novelist, essayist, and departments, can show results t and poet, has been re-jthat bear favorable comparison with - - alto the Church Mr Nichol-lwrk done in any other class of in- t_rl Ol'th0or n at Craordsville, Ind, stitutions in the ountry. The Asso- have Althe son of Edward Willis i ciatin now comes under the direction tVe been and Emily Meredith. He I of the Committee on Education of #he 0 I a Hmrarchy and will have a field of bein nol. nd Litt. D. of Wabash l " " r --ri:d A M of Butler College Iwider and more effective usefulness, g)3 a. iv: s bo--s mento ..... ,:: under the new plans that have been I ltlSSlall !! ' ..........  " [[aia bi - T on ake theirL takf a "TOe Hoosiers" (1900), Chance" (1903), "The a Thousand Candles" (1905), of Missing Men" (1907), is to Red Gate" (1907), "The .-za Jug at Kildare" (1908), d by tns . ,, m" of High Decision" (1909), Seven Suitors" s wllen l!e of the LS .a re_al.'T#.Hoosier Chronicle," "The mitred el,,tqeAmerican" (1918), essays; l'/; P" Black Sheep W (1920), ,,,e .0 `r tze, in 1896 married Eu- par-O 'tt daughter of Herman 'fl rillionatre banker of Om- ew York. It may be re- " " all  that several years ago Mr ,/la ! .... d Was appointed United t all IOj,,%. -.. $". er to Portugal, a posi- ]d. SlIl!Used because of the anti- me to th.0tedencies of the Portuguese [he sin o!tt time. now. J. T. Comes of Pittsburgh, who done more to raise the art and archi- any other man in this gathered together in a lectures which he at various places, with .of churches planned and lines with adaptations the changed conditions The title is "Catholic and it sells for or layman who cares for the beautiful can af- this brochure. An in- pictures )rill doubtless x:hen they learn that beautiful churches and are being, erected the country taking from that American Cath- are mere monstrositie., Mr. Comes nlay ".r himself on his great , ' Kenrick Seminary is one , at superb architectural tio$ e)eet erected by Catholics in +ma00yd0000 though he may do oce -.  Yet we believe this pile rlsable tOtever as his monument. wro,_. e have  Nonsignor ,and everyone a good  Cathohc s i:t- ' " chools will be :-, tlF:l(,  hear the news Father g'v- . ?vi., . ng I General of the Diocese ta Bishop Hartley, gave :t to The Catholic Colum- has raised Rev. to the dignity of Do- With the title of Mon- f the great dished in the cause in the United the Secretary General Educational Associa- Mted States, anal has by effrts made it fihe pew- it is today. He it eighteen years Y Father took ,,much lfim this honor for services. has also-been con- O'Neil, whd, has all the chancery work of Columbus for tf- L,has also served as the death of Men- Holy Father gives for the fidelity which he has filled entrusted to his will be entitled of Domestic Prel- the special privileges ors bestowed on of the Edu- held in New Hayes, in his says the Standard "paid a of praise to Men-" he s,tyled the developed. The Columbian felicitates the new Monsignors their well-deserved honors and unites with their fiumer- ous friends in the hope that they may be spared many more years to con- tinue their work in the Lord's Vine- yard. CARDINAL GIBBONS RECEIVES DELEGATES FROM GERMAN CLERGY (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Baltimore, Oct. 5.--Cardinal Gib- bons yesterday received a delegation of four prominent German priests, representatives of St. Boniface So- ciety, who have arrived in the United States for the purpose of appealing for aid in behalf of the starving chil- dren of Germany. They, are the Rev. F. Schlatter, Rev. H. J. Brunning of the diocese of Richmond, Va.; Rev. Dr. Weinand and the Rev. F. Weinhold. Father Bruning, the spokesman of the party, explained the mission of the delegation here. His Eminence stated that he had read, at the meet- ing of the hierarchy in Washington last week, a letter of Cardinal Bert- ram and the other German bishops in Fulda, setting forth the great distress in their country. "I myself," continued the Cardinal, "am in deep sympathy with the suffer- ing children of Germany and th' dire needs of the poor priests and have taken the needed action in forming a committee of bishops Consisting of the Ar@bishops of Milwaukee and Chi- cago and the Bishop of Rockford, urging all the bishops of the country to make a general appeal to the whole country in behalf of the poor suf- ferers. "I admire the German Catholic ele- ment in this country. Although as loyal Americans we had So fight the German govermnent, we never had any ill feeling against the German people. The German Catholics have always been a loyal and conservative element of the Church in America, especiall# in enthusiastically estab- lishing everywhere Catholic schools, putting the building of their schools before the building of their churches. Primum scholae deinde ecclesiae. "We have, of, course, properly speaking, no German Catholics, no Polish Catholics, no English Catholics in this country. We are all American Catholics. But we are all indebted to the German element for their great services which they have rendered to our Catholic Church in America. Therefore, as far as I am concerned, I will do all in my power to aid the great cause for which your commis4 aien has come to this country. Not only will you ha,I'e permission to ap- peal in my diocee--I will contribute personally to the noble work." Cardinal Gibbons requested that the delegation first take care of the poor 'suffering priests who had already ap- pealed to him and who seemed to have elicited the warmest sympathy'from him, Upon their departure the Cardina bestowed his blessing on the four delegates. CATHOLIC WRITERS " SUCCESSFUL SCENARIO -7"--''- (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 2.--Hal Reid, the Catholic scenario writer, is author of the gripping motion picture "For the Freedom of Ireland," which has been drawing crowded houses here during the past week. The p!c- ture is vivid with incidents of Ire- land's struggle for freedom and por- trays the operations of the British military and ourt martial proceed- ings. One of the striking features is the escape of President Eamon de Valera from prison and scenes of his reception in this country. Crowded houses attested to thepopularity of the film. OUR MOT'rOt "THE GUARDIAN IN EVERY HOME I" Father Flannery, Associate Editor of The Guardian, Presents More In- teresting Impressions of Europe as He Sees It. Italy and K. of C. Editor of Guardian: i Everywhere in France the people accorded spontaneous and joyous wen come to the traveling Knights. In the beginning if there seemed some tend- ency on the part of public officials to be chary of association with this dele- gation from across the seas, that at- titude was changed entirely as time went on. Just before these lines were written, the Knights were received formally at the City Hall of Paris and .tonight a banquet is being tendered at which many notable politicians are to be speakers. What wrought the above the average height of the .resi- dents of thecontry, walked with dig- nified tread across the Court of Dam- sus to whose echoes had sounded the foot-beats of illustrious visitors down through the centuries. Representa- tives of the Noble Guard headed the procession as the Throne Room was approached. In the outer quarters were waiting the general throng whose admittance to the Holy 'Father must wait upon the dismissal of this company from the New World. While awaiting his coming the Knights gaz- ed around the room. The red drap- ery contrasted vividly with the dark garments of the visitors. Only a mo- ment was permitted, however, for Life of Bishop Fenwick, O. P. Founder of the Dominicans in the United States, pioneer missionary in Kentucky, Apostle of Ohio, and First Bishop of Cincinnati, by Very Rev., V. F. 0'Daniel, O. P., S. T. M. (The Dominicana, '48 Michigan Avenue, N. E., Washington,-D. C. change was the fine publicity given the movements of the visitors and the unmistakable friendliness with which the gerer'al populace greeted these brothers of the soldiers who had saved their nation. Before ]going to Rome and after returning, to dismiss France [as one of our classic Catholic bio- graphies. Bishop Fenwick was one of the most charming and apostolic of our" de- ceased prelates. Nor has his charac- fer suffered from this scrutinizing study. His life deserves a wide read- ing, for it grips the attention and of- fers inspiration from start to finish. Also for sale by Frederick Pustet & Especially shottld it be procured and Co., New.York and Cincinnati. Pages read by the Catholics of Kentucky, XtIV and 473. Price $3.50 net.) Ohio and Michigan, the fields of his While this volume is in the main fruitful labors. The ecclesiastical his- laudatory of its subject, it is not tory of these three States could not written in a spirit of indisc;ir0inate be written without some chapters de- exaltato of Bishop Fenwick. It is a voted to the zealous Dominican. How- serious attempt to make a just and ever, the book/which is splendidly accurate estimate of Ohio's apostle gotten up and sells at a most reason- at once, the receptions vied with one another in evoking enthusiastic ac- cord to the guests of honor. After the visit to Lourdes, which unfortun- ately it did not fall to our lot to take, the people of Pau almost to every man, woman and child of the place stood oh the streets till 3 o'clock in the morning to bid renewed welcome to the returning pilgrims. Religious Reception. While the character of the French greeting was mixed, religious and secular, the expei'ience in Italy was ahnost exclusively religious. This is quite easily understood from the con- dition of the land where the Holy Father was to be the central figure i upon whom to wait the Knights were making special expedition. The jour- ney into Italy and the general travel give evidence that the country has hot yet settled back into ormal state. On every hand one is reminded that war debts must be paid, for a tax is affixed to almost every motion one makes. You must pay a' service tax in the diner; an added assessment for each person at table, and if, perchance, you happen to travel on Sunday, 20 per cent is adjoined to the regular and first Ordinary, to trace his devel- this stud; in scarlet for there was a opmnt as he faced ever larger and: slight movement about the throne among the splendid looking body of broader problems, to study his ideals, ecclesiastics who surrounded the dais to show the place he occuPies in the upbuilding of the Church in the eastern part of the Mississippi Valley. The author, Father V. F. O'Daniel, has shown in his previous writings that he possegses skill in the scrutin- izing, selecting and marshalling of their interpretation, and a clear, dig- nified style in clothing them in liter- ary dress. That his reputation will not suffer from the present book must be the verdict of all who read it. It is quite the best work that has come from his pen. Every One of its man pages, show the learned historian's painstaking effort to gather docu- ments, carefully to sift thejmmense of material he gathered to study the Bishop from all sides, to discover the truth, and to be not only just but charitable to those with hom,,1 he disagrees. The result has been a volume that will be recognized NEW ZEALAND BIGOTS WOULD PENALIZE CATHOLIC DOCTRINE (By N. C.W.C. News Service.) London, Oct. 2.--Protestant de- nominations of New Zealand have unit- and the Holy Father had come to lis- ten to the message of his children who had come so far to address him. Some of us were rather surprised to find the Vicar of Christ so short of stature. His photographs had led us fare. In the Custom HouseXhe trials to which a visitor is put does not raise admiration for the people whom he is deigning to pay a visit. You are routed unceremoniousl from bed at the most outrageou hours; you are forced to pass through a madden- ing hour while passports are being very inefficiently examined; if then you' have the slightest article upo which custom can be attached ou are obliged to have Italian money with which to pay it; if you have none, you run the risk of being left behind. As Rome Is Now. In Rome we saw no great outward show of suffering consequent upon post-war affliction. The hotels were all crowded the restaurants, large and small, seemed to do a thriving trade and though we did not visit the public places of amusement, we were told that enormous crowds are'in con- stant attendance. There is much com- plaint about the money rate. That is another feature of present travel which fairlytempts insanity. From day to day you never know just what your coin is worth. Hotels give you one rate of exchange and banks an- other; in thestores you never are quite sure whether you are being cheated; jumping from country to country and from city  to city, half your time is taken figuring just how much money you may have on hand. We were favored the night of our ar- to believe that he was well towards historical data, a tireless industry in the average height, but actually he is their search, a judicial mind in esti- not ninny inches over five feet. Clad mating their value, a keen insight in in white he brought a new touch of color to the scene and before he took his seat he swept the assembled guests with one hurried but inclusive glance which seemed to take in fully the details of the surroundings. His eyes, gazing through the heavy glass, give the peculiar sensation that, though his sight is defective,he nev- ertheless, has a penetrating vision: which is somewhat disconcerting. Some remembered the kindly glance of his predecessor, who, with a father- ly smile set the visitor instantly at ease. With Pope Benedict it is no by any means the intention to con- vey the impression that he is not as kindly and that his glance is not as friendly as that of Plus, but there ap- pears to be at times a sort of per- plexed, if not worried, character to his gaze, which is not surprising thinking of the sorry hour in which his pontificate has been cast. , Pope's Speech. ed to obtain penal legislation against In his speech of greeting Supreme the Ne Temere decree of Plus Tenth Knight Flaherty stressed the religious respecting Catholic marriage, and nature of the body which then ad- have dragooned a parliamentary com- mittee into reporting in favor of a statute imposing a heavy penalty on anyone who says that persons who have contracted a civil marriage are not truly and sufficiently married or that their children are not legitimate. Penal Offence to Teach. From Wellington comes the infor- mation that the Protestants are vigor- ously demanding the passage of the proposed legislation, which is being opposed by Catholics under the lead- ership of Most Rev, Archbishop OShea, Coadjutor of Wellington. His Grace, according to reports received here, says he has been assured by his legal advisers that the amendment sought by the Protestant alliance would in effect make it a penal offence to teach the Catholic doctrine that marriage is a sacramen} and that oh- er marriages, althohgh valid as civil contracts, are spiritually incomplete and not true.marriages in the sight of 4od, or of the Church. Archbishop O'She points out that if the law is adopted as now written it will mean that New Zealand is the first country in the Empire t.o realize a religious doctrine. "We will resist and defy such a law, and encourage both priests and people to disobey." His. Grace is quoted as having stated publicly. Thoae convicted on charges of dis- obedience to this pretended law would not pay fines but would rather suffer dressed the Pontiff. The translation of this peech by Archbishop Ceretti was a masterpiece of Italian diction. : In answering the Pope plainly was moved by more than ordinary emo- 'tion. He faltered in his words at the outset, but gaining poise after a sen- tence or two, he made a remarkable speech, the longest, it is said, that he ever delivered to, a visiting delega- tion. He showed an intimate knowl- edge of the history of the Knights. Branching off to his local conditions he bemoaned the fact that organiza- tions had set themselves up in Rome to rob the people of their faith. He made a strong appeal to the Knights to do something to offset the pervert- ing activities, since wiKhout rancor he wished to say that the propaganda to win the Italians from their naive reli- gious allegiance would aid only in de- spoiling them entirely of their Chris- tianity. Blessed Each Knight. Circling the groups after he 'had ended his talk the tIoly Father bless- ed each Knight, gave out souvenir medals and imparted a special bless- ing to all the articles of devotion that were presented. Greatly impressed l by the condescension of their spiritual head, the Knights departed only to be stirred on the morrow to new feel- ings of admiring emotion by the kind- ness o the Pope. For Sunday he' celebrated mass out doors in the imprisonment, it is announced. rivM to dine with Archbishop Ceretti, Lourdes chapel at which each Ameri-! Other Catholic Bishops have given who is so well known not only in can received Holy Communion from lproof that the.v_are !n the fullest ac- _ }cord wth A:Thbmhop S i America, but as one of the command- his bands Using a well worn phrase " " O' hea and ing ecclesiastical personages through- the scene beggared description. Here lhav e takep a like attitude out the world. At the dinner Men- was a group of humble laymen, some I Validity of Marriige. o ctor of the of whom m the wildest fi|ghts f sinor Mahonev, Vice Re' " ' ' "  I By the Ne Temere decree the mar- American College, represented that fancy had never conj.ured up the poS-lriag e of a Catholic (sav in certain m the bsence mb]hty of thin occasmn m me gar rnm o nes and under exceptmnal mr institution of lea " g ' " Icount'" " " - ' e Rector ho dens, whose trees could they speak, Hara tl m ta es s declined and held to of MonsignorO , , " , " ...... lcu s ne ) " " r Kell rein ould tell of other worm mnuencmg is ill. Also Monsigno Y, P "" "'  .... t be invali(l if not celebrated by a Cath- o  t of Clu wmtatmns, the Father oz unmsen w h r ensmn S c e rest and m corn hance  t ce dent of the Ext " " Y "- ." " ' . ...... "I oiic p 5 * " P " " " hm hanowm do came o rater ne grea sacrmce o cam to ell of  antecedent re ulatmns The mar cag , e t ' " " g . . '  ta'n : g ' - exneriences in A ' ' "-I . riages of Protestants were not " ustma luch he vs of the Cathohc froth for the men who I m ited to see what his society might be[ were not ashamed openly to p:ofess i question." It w'#s legislation intended starvm eo les then behef m natmns, that someumes able to do for the " g P P i "" ' " " ' ' ; to express and enforce the Catholic he cbm an are not ovei anxmus to be numbered r droner t and doctrine for Cathohcs alone there. Afte the " P Yl "- " . belief " " , o reel the m among the (ruthful The SJstme ehmr t ahdlt of marrm es centracd ent to the stat'on , g ' "l " ' . " ! ..... The v " " y " g s n thou h there awoke the morning echoes wn ner  to the mwl law m the eyes coming Knight a d g .. . accord'ng " ' ' were no civic bodies present the heavenly chant. As ne momen at- of that law and for civil purposes arid Church, in the person of Monsigior rived for the approach to the altar, it the civil legitimacy of offspring o Ceretti bade her faithful sons wen was noticed that many ofthe visitors such marrdaghs were not deied. were visibly affected and some eyes were not unWet. If nothing came pf this, the n3as of the ttoly Father and the communion from his hands repaid nvhatever sacrifice was offered ,to be , in Rome. Private Audience. Later in the day with Mr. Mulligan, the writer had a private audience with the Pope. Mr. Mulligan had seen him less than a year ago and it was surprising to see how well the Pope remembered him hnd the members of his family. The Holy Father spoke (Continued on Page '7) c_mAudienceO e. With Holy Father. Saturday the Knights had their I widely published audience (vith the'' Holy Father. In the throne room we were gathered and without exaggera- tion it may be said that it would be difficult throughout the earth to find a finer representation of Catholic gentlemen. Conceive the setting. From the outer gate where they were met by the gaily garbed Swiss guards nearly three hundred rightly clad Catholic laynen, most of them young and many of "them towering inches aMe price, the times considered, is not, merely a biography. It is an excel- lent contribution to the history of the Church in the United States, going . back, as it does, to the early days of the three States mentioned and Mary- land, and crystallizing the events of one of the most important periods in the development of Catholicity in the country. The many original docu- ments, most of which are brought to light for the first time, are so made to aid in telling the story of the Bish- op's life that they add much to the beauty and interest of the narrative, as well as strengthen its authority. To cellect these the distinguished As- sociate Editor of "Te Catholic His- torical Review" and Vice President of the American Historical Association, with his trustful photostat camera, traveled not only through a large part of the United States but many coun- tries in Europe. Nowhere should this superb volume be of greater interest than in the Diocese of Columbus. In- deed, it should find its way intoevery Catholic home and library in the Dio- cese. CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY ANNOUNCES CHANGES IN THE FACULTY (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Washington, D. C., Oct. 5.--More than nine hundred students are en- rolled at the Catholic University of America for the year 1920-21, accord- ing to an announcement rnde by the Very Rev. George'B. Dougherty, the, vice-rector, today. Five hndred lay * students, three hundred ecclesmstics and one hundred students in the Cath- olic Sisters' College make up the largest registration in the history of the institution'. This does not include the 375 young women registei'ed at Trinity College. The Freshman Class has 200 memboYs. / Solemn high mass of the Holy Ghost was sung in the University gymnasium yesterday before the en- tire student body and numerous vis- itors. The Right Rev. Thomas J. Sha- han, rector of the University, deliv- ered the sermon to the students. Many notable additions to the fa- etrlty and the curriculum have been made, it was announced by the rector, i A special series of lectures on the origin, and development of constitu- tional history will be delivered by the Hen. Hannis Taylor. The resignation of the Very Rev. Edmpnd T. Sbnahan, for many years professor of dogmatic theology, and whose recent papers, published in the Catholic World on the Second Coming of Christ, have created, the most pro-I found discussion among biblical critics  being highly praised by Dr. Hugh Pope in theDublin Review, has been announced. Dr. Shanahan will do par- ish work in Boston and meanwhile will prepare for a series of new pa- pers on the subject of the Parousia. He will be succeeded by the Very Rev. D. J. Kennedy, O. P., professor of. Sacramental Theology. Other,additions to the faculty in- clude the following: Mr. Paul Lar- well, formerly of Kenyon College, Ohio, professor of French; Mr. James M. Fay, instructor in mathematics; Dr. Ricbard'J. Purcell, formerly of St. Thomas College, instructor in American history; Mr. Angelo Vas- "quez, instructor in Spanish. ITALIAN GENERAL ORDAINED PR.EST (By N. C. W. C. gew's Service.) Paris, Oct. 2.---General Alfonso Fusco, who commanded Italian troops on the Austrian front during the war, has been ordained to the priesthood. He is 63 years old. Word of the ordi- nation of the former general was sent to Rome by the Bishop of Grenoble. RECORD OF CATHOLIC At the time of Italy's entrance into UNIVERSITY OF PARIS the war General Grenoble was at -- Lourdes in company with many other Tle Catholic University of Paris, pilgrims. He returned to Italy and one of the five great Ctholic univer joined the colors. He served on the sities in Frange, dosed its academic sessions with 899 students, including 27 in theology, 10 in canon law, 106 in philosophy, 294 in law, 61 in commer- cial science, 300 in letters and 101 in science. During the war .94 former students won the Ieg!on of Honor, 400 were decorated with the Croi de Guerre and 900 obtained citations. Austrian front until he suffered a serious illness. After his recovery he resumed his ecclesiastical studies. He took minor orders at Lourdes and was ordained priest at La Salette. The me'roy of God is as a rushing torrent; in its passage it carries with it all earts.