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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
October 9, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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October 9, 1920

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(i / i  , PAGE FOUR i m PubP-hed Weekly by THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Diocese of Little Rock 399 WEST SECOND STREET " Entered t second-class 1atter March 21, 1911, at the poltofflce at Little Rock, Ark., ndcr the Act of Congress of March S, IS79. BUBSCRIPTION PRICK, $2.0S THE YEAR , Clmnge of Address When a change of addrass ie desired the subscriber should give both the old and the new address. Correspondence Matter intended for publicatioa in The Guardian should reach ul aot later than Wednesday morning. Brief news correspondence is aZways welcome. "/'he k/ndness of the clergy in this matter /s cordially sppreciated. rery Rev. A. Stacker, O. S. B., D. D .................. Editor-in.Chief v. Edward A. Flannery ......................... Contributing Editor Roy. Geo. H. McDermott ............................. Managing Editor All communicat/onn about "The Guardian" should be addressed to ho Rev. Geo. H. McDermott, 309 Wut Second treet. OFFICIAL APPEOVAL Tim Guardian is the official organ of the diocess of Little Rock a'nd 1 pray God that it may be an earnest champion in the cause of r/ght, justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religion *which we all love so well. I extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope hat it career may he long and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS. BilhoD of Little Rock. Little Rock, Ark., October 9, 1920. ! Father Faber says that just as the Eucharist is Our Lord's testament to us, so the Holy Ros- ' ary is His nmther's testament. -0-0 \\; " Have you "said the beads" every day this month, so far? If not, begin today. Enlist ' with the w'orld Catholics, now counting off the beads in honor of our Blessed Mother, Queen , of the Most ]toly Rosary. O-O The possession of the rosary beads has fre- qaently brought a priest to a dying Catholic, who would otherwise have died unknown and unshriven. Always carry'the beads, and fre- quently pray with them. O-O "Give me liberty or give me death" seems t( 1)e in tlm Irish blood. Patrick Henry, the Vir- ginian, but of Irish stock, gave first utterance to this patriotic acclai which no w is voiced by Y_errcnee aESwincy m th mart)rs cell of a British prison. Another popular cry being. heard around the world. 0-{3 The gamblers again put one over on the pub- lic. Wall Street and tile Stock Exchange ran second to the baseball team of game-throwers. With contract slavery and deals "higher up" among the" nmgnates, is it of wonder that a "yellow sport" on tim diamond muffed a ])all ,anfl drew a fortune? Base['mll as it is commis- sioned, needs a house&leaning. -----9-0 Now tldt equal suffrage is a fact, our Cath- olic women must no hmger hold it as an idle fancy. They are now part of the beady politic arid "between meals" they may readily ac- quaint themselves with affairs political In- telligent reading of the newspapers, especially their own Catholic organs with a stow discus- sion of the questions of the hour, will qualify them to act the part of American citizens, and give to them an influence in th direction of just prineiplds of government. Our Catholic Womeff should register and vote. It hould not interfere with "home duties"_; it will not, un- less they forget their sphere and ape the nmth- ods and the nmnners of the professional male politicians. Let them register now, vote intelli- gently and wisely on election dqy, and let it go at that. O-O' The latest federalization scheme of a well paid Congressiomd committee,s itting out of 'session, politicians having notlfing else to do, in to make our farn boys more synnnetrical. The Committee on Recreation and Rural of the* National Country-Life Conference has de- cided that farm work "tends toward unsym- metrical bodily growth" and recommends as a . corrective, "piysically energizing and joy pro- ducing games. ' ' There should be a National Asylum for Fake Uplifters erected in Washington, a real sky- scraper, with cells on the top story for our Na- tional Money-Spenders now Sitting h several comnfittees and trying to foist such foolish and costly fads on the over-burdened citizens of the United State. A comnfittee of Alienists is needed at Wash- ington. When it comes tO the unsymmetrical, Why not measure seam of our treasury-sapping boneheads now on the National pay roll? / The next move wilt bc to have a Secretary of Gels in the President's Cabinet at $30,000 per yea and 3,000 official symmetrizers scattered over the farnfing sections of the country. : O-O. IN SOVIET RUSSIA.  Amidst the different and sometimes contra- dictory reports abount conditions in Ru;sia, it "is good again and again to present to our labor- :ing people, as a prophylactic against contagion, " true picture of the situa%ion. Now the Inde-' .pendent Socialist Party of Germ'my has sent/a delegation to Russia to investiga.te conditiols on the spot. A member of that delegation, Wil- liam Dittmann, has Published Iris findings iR the ! i THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1920. Freiheit, some passages of whiel/, translated from Amerika of September 29, we subnfit to our readers. The freedom of the press, the liberty of asso- ciation, personal liberty, says this man of ex- perimental knowledge, do not exist for others than comnmnists. The elections to Soviet bodies take place pul)liely to tlm exclusion of the secret ballot. The elections are mostly in- direct and occur under terroristic pressure so that an opposition can hardly show its head. Inconvenient elections are cancelled. About this I have all kinds of evidence from an abso- lutely reliable source in Moscow. General con, scription for the army-has been introduced again. Deserters are shot. The industry is nfilitarized likewise: laborers and employees may not strike, otherwise they are compelled, as deserters from "the labor front," to work in concentration camps. For women the obliga- tion of labor extends from the age of 18 to 40, for mgn frmn the'age of 18 to 50. Of tile members of the Connnunistic Party by l far the larger portion are holding some office or other. According to the latest statistics of the central committee of that party only 70,000, or 11 per cent. of the total membership of 604,- 000, are occupied as laborers. The other 89 per r / cent are office holders.' Phe whole party is therefore gradually changing into an army of bureaucrats who are persmmlly iterested in the nmlnten'mce of the dictatorship of Bolshe- vism. S. O-0 ACTIVITY IN TIIE CATHOLIC CHURCH. f The second ammal meeting of the Hierarchy )f the Catholic Church of the UAited States, ,vhich tookplace in/Wastfington, Septmnber 22, and 23, jfl conjunction with the various subjects discussed and measures adopted, a report of which was contained in The Guardian of las! xe@, give us an intinmtion of the wonderful activity that is going on in Our portion of the atholic Church. This is at least one benefi- :eat result of the war. It has awakened the Church and quieken'cd its organism to new life Phe annual meeting of the Bishops naturally effects a closm  contact between the Catholics of the country, and in the National Catholic Welfare Council, wllich is their representative, they have a pm:manent center of action. We are now really one united force and can wield our whole strength in compassing the ideals of the Chui'ch. At least a good' and promising beginning in this direction is made. The seeds are sown, let sunshine lind rain for their growth, in the shape of generous good will on the part of our people, not be wanting. The plans are made for the campaign of progress; let no one dodge enlist- meat in the army of workers that is necessary' to carry them out. Yes ; this is one of the plans, and perhaps the nmst important one, to levy an army of brave co-workers. 'It is to be called the Laymen's Council. The laity of the Church, both men and women, nmst become active in the Church. Heretofore they have been too much under the impression that they had done their duty if they had listeamd to their pastors' preaching, received the sacraments front him, paid their dues for the support of their church, made a sincere effort to be person011y"good. That they should be apostles themselves and take an active hand in establishing the King- dora of God on earth had not sufficiently dawned upon them. How the Laymen's Council. is to be formed in detail in our diocese--this is not within our province here to discuss. .A.committee has the matter in hand, and we shall 'no doubt hear 'front them in due time. IIowever what we wouhl urge here is a favorable attitude of the laity towards this great movement. First of all, no one can be a good Catholic without loving his Church. But to love the Church means to stand up for its rights and legitimate freedom. It means further to sup- port any plans which are deemed necessary or useful to safeguard those riglts and that free- doln., Now we all know that in organization there is strength. The better the Church is or- ganized, the better will it be able to defend its rights and nmintain its freedom. Hence no good Catholic will st'and aloof whdn there is question of giving his Church the strongest pos- sible organization. And this is precisely the aim of the Laymen's Council. Next, we suppose t(lat every Catholic has be(m looking to the Chui'ch for llis personal hn- provement. No" this purpose is so much more easily attainud when a nmn fully enters into 'the mind el! the, Church and identifies hilnself with its grand nfission in the world. In other words, the zeal in working with the Chm'ch at tim improvement of the world reacts on the ,workers more than anything else; unto his per: sonal sanctification. It would be a miracle to find a qukewarm Catholic among zealous church workers. The Laymen's Council intends to make church workers of all Catholics, thus im- parting to them an immunity from. lukewarm- hess. Finally, the present social unrest is a con- thual menace to both Church and Country. It may perhaps be phlliated but wilt not be cured i until equitable conditions obtain all over the i country. The Catholic Church is throwing her whole weigtf into the balance to bring about such conditions as will insure industrial and economic justice and peace. That weight, how- ever, depends very much on her success in bringing together into the Laymen's Council all the Catholic men and women of the country. Another reason, both patriotic and personal, why the Laymen's Council should find favor in the eyes of every Catholic! S. O-O THE SOURCES OF OBJECTIONS. Minds ttmt are given to criticism and objec- tion generally take pride in their intellectual at- taimnents and think themselves immeasurably superior to the vulgar crowd of humble believ- ers. As a matter of fact, the most common sources of objection are feebleness of mind ignorance, a false point of view, and passion. One who is weak of eyes shies at the light og the sun. It is too strong for him. Now truth, especially the truth of Divine Revelatimb is a brilliant light. So nmch so that we are not ex- pected to take it in with the unaided strength of our mind. God helps the humble with the gift of faith, which is an internal capacity add- ed to the mind for the perception of' sup6rnat- ural truth. You say ),our mind3vill not stand it:. That,is quite possible. But then it is not because your nfind is strong but because it is feeble. And it is feeble because you tlfink you -)ught to be able to gaze into this dazzling bril- liancy without the comforting assistance of faitti. / Again, many objections arise from ignorance. Men ]lave put it into their heads (God knows how) tllat such and such h doctrine means such and such a thing. In reality it means some- thing quite different. Under pretence of ob- jecting to some doctrine of the Church, they are lighting a phantom of their inmgination. They do not know the real meaning of the doctrinc i in question. They are ignorant, and their ignor- ance is the source of their objection. How many do thus object to the Infallibility of the Pope, the Inmmculate Conception, Original Sin the Veneration of Saints, the Holy Sacrifice of Muss md so forth? From converts we learn what perverse notions about these dgetrines in- rested their minds at one time, before a book on Catholic teachings, written by a Catholic fell into their hands. We 'ere llorrified a your teachings, tlmy say, but we did not understand them; we were mistaken; it was our ignorance that was the eaus'e of our opposition. Ineiden: tally we may observe here that true faith has never to be afraidof true science. The two are friends for mutual help. Again, in order to get a correct view of an objectwe must have a right standpoint to view it from. That standpoint nmst allow you to take in not only a part but the whole and the relation of part to part. So it is with the edifice of truth. A part of it viewed by itself may shock you, like a dissonance in music torn form the eontexL but viewed in emmeetion with the whole it reedves its significance and explana. tion. A seeming dissonance is thus transform ed into a means to lend piquancy to the har- mmy. A nmltitude of objections, ,4mther against faith hi general or the atlmlie Church in particular, originate fronl fragmentary views. The critic does not grasp the whole to perceive the inter-relation of doctrine with doc- trine, which nmtually explain and shed light on one another. The doctrine of Original Sin, for instance, has its elucidati)g counterpart in the doctrine of R( demptim ;-, the doctrine df Eter- nalPunisllment, in the doctrine of Eternal Re- ,ward; the Sacramental SyStem, in a true ap- l)reciafion of the Incarnation,gnd sdforth. The right standpoint, then, for any critic is an eminence front .which he sees the totality of his object of criticism. And the 0nly way that leads to such an enfinence is a coherent and ex. haustive study of the whole system bf truth upon a particular tenet of which he wishes to aninmdvert. This only rational method of pro- cedure would stop a prolific source of objec- tions. ]n the last place we mentioned passion as a source of objections. While the other three sources arc comnmn to all lh'anches of knowl- e(:lve, t]lough we tmve drawn our illustrations t'or practical rettlrns frmn the field of revealed knowledge, passion is a pu'ent of objections e,peeially against moral and religious truth. The reason is obvious.- Mmal pr6cepts and the eternal truths of religion are a barrier to tile free play of man's passions. The passions rebel against that barrier and wouht have it' removed. I)oul)t and denial are tile levers with wlfich they hope to aclieve their purpos6: "A (atholie girl who never trod the least'difficulty in accepting the authorjty of the Church in all nmtters of faith and morals, falls in love with a divorced man. That's, the begimfing of/her objection against the authority of the Church. It cannot be, she sans, that the'Church has the power to mar a person's happiness! And if you were to delve intq the history of most of those who, once sincere bdievers, later on turned infidels, you would hit upon some passion or other that gave the fatal turn to the mind. S. QUESTION t3 I lVhewe does the Catholic priest name of Father? Ttlis is a title used towards the ] tim earliest ages. It signifies the spi tionship existing between the' prie! faithful. Can a person receive any of the me,ts without first receiving baptisl No. Because it is baptism that into Christ's Church and unless re, bers of His Church we cannot recei ranlents. 'Cardinal Dubois. appointed Archb succeed the late The new Cardinal i at present Archt born in St. Calais eredith Nicholson g a Catholic adds filaxy of converts m , The author of "T: and Candles" ha: a correspondent 0.1umbian," lighted the house of the L Isketeh of his life: i Hoosm Are the priests of the Russia  " " , " t , - ,..  and oet, has are validly ordained. They have Ai7;he son of Edwa' cession and tlleill bisllops have beellnd Emily Mered secrated." Therefore, there being n], nd Litt, D. of ing impediments, ordination by a pr,. d ." M. of Butler , 11 !' s books mention seerated 'bshop of the Russmir.  ...... ,, Church would be valid. ' Sin C:n;en,sil;;, . La Thousand Candles For how long do sisters lake theirS, of Missing Men r The rule in, most orders is to th't ; .Wna Redjug Gate"at Kildare(190', a certain period, determined by of High Decision order. In nlost of the orders whenl:,e of the Seven certain that the re] has .a 56ttl,4 Hoosier Chronicl the religious life she is lesp! Black Sheep!' permittea rJ american" (1918) petual vows. " ,/hOison in 1896 mar Will every sin be known on thotZe, daughter of meat, even though tltfy wer par(tO' taillionatre banker fcssion? :SW York. It ma all s that several years It is generally believed that : was appointed known on that day, and that all Oou . _..;Ster to Portugal, with men will be manifested. Sl-Ils,. Used bccause eli pardoned will not bring shame to tdencies of the Po in Heaven any more than the sin d:t time. causes him shame or sorrow now. i  #. . C--00mes Wha are th, e ditties el sponsor3 i of Pittsbu .im They nmke the vows and name of the chihl that is ba the parents .should die it is, the sponsors to see that th child is Catholic faith. Sponsors become luted to the child and to the and cannot contract nmrriage Ca]] all the teachings of the be proved from tbc Bible? As not all the Revelation of God the Bible, and as "the Church Revelation of God, some of her not found in the Bile. Many of the Church are founded on which are truths revealed by G not contained in the Bible. On Saint Jolm we know that Christ things that were not written. May a person go to Communion f they only ,qo to con/ession, once # While it would not be advisable practice there would be nt) ComnRmion every day even thougl gone to confession for a month, had not committed any mortal confession, even though .ye some sin of our past life, s a for Cimununion and it also gives mental grace which protects us temptation. Must one consult her con m.q upon the c)wice of a state You should by all means ask ).our confessor, who is in a po  your qualitieations in an im are no the best judges in our o. we should consult one whoso and experience, fit him for such a in the world ask the advice of and women, who are skilled in line of endeavor, before taking which is important for. welfare. Surely, then, the one cute himself to Christ through er rdigious state should seek the )rudent,pastor of souls. x I.f lhe decrees of C.o,stanti ne does not that set aside the clainls temporal power? While it is generally cretals of Constantine, noW done more to ] Catholic art av any other may gathered toget' lectures at various plm churches plm lines with a& the changed c The title is ' and it or layman w beautiful this brochure. pictures )vill d when they le beautiful chur are bein the country taki that Americ are mere mona Stone. Mr. Con himself on t ! Renrick Seminar mrb arch by Cat and though he we believe as his morn Howard L. and efficient S Educational made a Roman Ionsignor ,and i Catholic school. :hear the news. General of the lifo which Father als0 raised .to the hone Hartl The Catholi has rais to the dignit With the title f tl dished in 1 in h the Secretary Educational Mted States, an fforts made it it is to( it eighte Y Father to him this 1 services. has alsol O'Neil, all the chanc, of Columbm, l,has also s the deatl Holy Fat for th which he DecretMs" are forgeri0s, the  entrust to temporal power does not deP v'L' #tigors will b gennineness of these decretals. , II e.','7,1bes of Dome, !Jlth Y ' the specml ] torians exaggerate,the nnpota c , . 0lies attach to these decretal" /' aehonors bes make it appear tlat the fab.rie teaching depended upbn tlt nvention of ation, held 'do no[ in any vay eJelC,,:),bishop__ ;: They change in ecclesiastical discipte, t's%, says the Ha Catholic apologists in our tay al lY..I'hiladelphia, the right of the Pope to temP r ' ,b ute of prais of these decretMs. ' JiT? "whm'he s !